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Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Ashish Kakkad1, Priyanshu V. Rathod2
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Aims and Objectives: This study explored relationship between post-stroke motor recovery and functional recovery in Gujarat, India. Patients, Materials and Methods: This Study involved 67 (48 males and 19 females) individuals diagnosed of stroke by Neurophysician or General Physician with less than 6 months of post stroke duration. Fugl Meyer Motor Assessment Score was (total of upper extremity and lower extremity sub score) was used to assess their post-stroke motor recovery. Their functional...
Topics: Stroke, Stroke rehabilitation, Recovery of function
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Rohi Wani1, Sheema Sheikh2, Abdul Maajed Jehangeer3, Salma Bhat4, Isma Niyaz5, Bilques Khursheed6
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Breast specimens are one of the most frequent entries in our department of pathology. Out of these surgical specimens, fibroepithelial lesions are received almost every day. Aim: To study and provide an overview of fibroepithelial lesions of breast. Further to stratify and classify various fibroepithelial lesions into fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumor. Methodology: All the 386 cases of fibroepithelial lesions received over a period of 3 1/2 years from Jan 2015-June 2018 were retrieved and...
Topics: Fibroepithelial lesions, Fibroadenoma, Phyllodes tumor
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Flores-Encarnación, M.1*, Cabrera-Aguilar I.1, Aguilar-Gutiérrez G.R.2, Cabrera-Maldonado, C.3
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The pyrroloquinoline quinine is a cofactor discovered in bacteria. It is associated with various bacterial soluble and membrane enzymes that directly oxidize sugars, alcohols, aldehydes. In higher organisms, it has been reported that pyrroloquinoline quinine acts as a potent free radical scavenger and it seems to intervene in different processes causing remarkable benefits. One of the most important effects is that pyrroloquinoline quinine induced apoptosis in different cancer cell lines. It is...
Topics: Pyrroloquinoline quinone, PQQ, Cofactor, Effect, Antiproliferative
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Saba Khan1, Razia Nagarwala2, Ashok Shyam3, Parag Sancheti4
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Objective: Participation in aerobic exercise generates increased cardiorespiratory fitness, which results in a protective factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Interval training might cause higher increases in cardiorespiratory fitness in comparison with continuous training; nevertheless, current evidence is not conclusive. This study tests the effect of interval training with moderate intensity continuous training on aerobic capacity (V02 max). Method: 40 young healthy...
Topics: Interval training, Continuous training, VO2 max
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Jomaa Nermine1, Ben Brahim Meriam1, Bourguiba Emna1, Jemmali Badiaa2
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Introduction: Fanconi-Bickel syndrome is an extremely rare disorder characterized by glycogen accumulation and generalized dysfunction of renal proximal tubules. It was first described by Fanconi and Bickel in 1949. This disease is caused by a defective monosaccharide transporter Glut2. Polyuria, metabolic acidosis, recurrent episodes of severe hypoglycemia, growth retardation, hepatomegaly, and rickets or osteomalacy are clinical consequences of this disease. However, a little information...
Topics: Fanconi-Bickel syndrome, Hypophosphatemic rickets, Delayed eruption, Taurodontism, Premature loss
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Abeer Masood1, S. Aijaz A. Rizvi2, Sheelu S. Siddiqi3, Md Ziauddin4
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Aim: Diabetes mellitus is specifically a condition of hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and relative impairment in insulin secretion.It is characterized by micro and macro vascular complications that lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common long term complications of DM. HbA1c estimation is usually done which is indicative of glycaemic control. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) are electrodiagnostic tests used to evaluate the ability of...
Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Nerve conduction studies, Glycated haemoglobin
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Maman Paul
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This study examined the emotional intelligence level among male basketball players. A group of fifty (N=50) male inter-college level basketball players of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab were selected for this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to attain the objectives of the study. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study. They were further divided into...
Topics: Emotional Intelligence, Basketball
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Background: Human beings, either because of evolutionary consequences, predispositions, upbringing or learning are more influenced by negative happenings or events as compared to positive ones. Though negativity bias is important for survival and while self-analysing we need to focus on our weaknesses, it is not clear whether this focus is serving a positive function. The study aimed to find out the relationship between the mental processing of strengths and weakness and the Subjective Well...
Topics: Strengths, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Weaknesses
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Renu Sutwal1, Jyotika Dhankhar1*, Preeti Kindu1, Rita Mehla2
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Recently, much attention has been focused on potential health benefits of low calorie foods. This research was conducted for the development of low calorie apple jam by using stevia as a sweetener. The jam samples were stored in pre-sterilized glass jars and were analyzed physico-chemically (moisture, ash, pH, acidity, TSS, total sugars and reducing sugars and ascorbic acid) and organoleptically (colour, taste, appearance, flavour, texture and overall acceptability) during 28 days of storage....
Topics: Jam, Stevia, Sugars
Background: Appropriate intrauterine fetal growth and development are fundamental for newborn health and lifelong welfare. Bi-parietal diameter provides the closest correlation with gestational age in second trimester. Objectives: 1. To establish the reference tables for bi-parietal diameter in normal singleton pregnant women from 20 to 38 weeks of gestation from Belagavi District, Karnataka. 2. To find out the predictive accuracy of gestational age determined by biparietal diameter...
Topics: Biparietal Diameter, Gestational age, Ultrasonographic measurements
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Introduction: Cladosporium is a member of dematiaceous hyphomycetes which is characterized and easily recognised by its unique structure of the conidiogenous loci and conidial hila. Despite being imperfect in forms, they are the most versatile organisms in nature. While working on dematiaceous hyphomycetes from Murshidabad district, two specimens of Cladosporium had been collected which on critical examination characterised as two new species. Methods: The infected leaves with distinct symptoms...
Topics: Anamorphic, Hyphomycetes, Taxonomy, sp.nov
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Boufrioua El Ghali1, Belkhair jihane1, Allali Asma1, Mouamin Maryam1, Mohamed Chakour2
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Background: The myelogram is the collection of elements provided by microscopic examination of a hematopoietic bone marrow smears collected by puncture-suction. It is considered one of the most valuable diagnostic tools for assessing hematological abnormalities. Methods: We conducted the present retrospective study of 305 patients collected over a 3 year period, from February 2015 through June 2018, performed in the hematology laboratory of the Avicenna military hospital in Marrakech to expose...
Topics: Diagnosis, Hemopathies, Myelogram
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Trajkova S.1, Cevreska L.1, Ivanovski M.1, Popova-Labacevska M.1, Pivkova-Veljanovska A.1, Panovska-Stavridis I.1
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Introduction: Several prognostic factors have been identified to predict the outcome of patients with Chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL), but only a few studies investigated more markers together. To predict the time to first treatment (TFT) we integrated the data of traditional staging system, cytogenetic aberrations, and mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IGHV) in Chronic lymphocytic leukemia– Internationa Prognostic Index(CLL-IPI). Aim of the study: To validate...
Topics: Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, Prognosis
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Aim: The incorporation of sub 1 gene in high yielding rice mega genotypes indicate that higher amount of Adh enzyme synthesis is controlled by the genetic factors. Adh enzyme will be the one of the vital factor for underwater respiration process of survival. Hence, rice genotypes with high amount of alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme synthesis during anoxic condition in compare with tolerant checks could be good promise for early introduction to the submergence prone area. Methodology: Fresh and...
Topics: Alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme, Rice, Submergence, Biochemical marker
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Vijaya Kumar Kovvada, Rosaiah Gorrepati*, Babu Kakumanu, Tirupathi Swamy Nattala, Rajesh Butti
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Objective: To determine the seasonal and geographical impact on plant secondary metabolite production and antimicrobial activity. Methods: Three mangrove plants viz., Ceriops tagal, Bruguiera cylindrica and Lumnitzera racemosa commonly found in Gilakaladindi and Malakayalanka regions of Krishna Estuary, Andhra Pradesh, India were selected for the present study. The study was done during 2014-15 summer, rainy and winter in both the stations. Leaf samples were extracted with methanol and...
Topics: Gilakaladindi, Malakayalanka, Phytochemicals, Rainy
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Nisha Attri1, Madan Kumar Solanki2
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Background: Specimens from the bladder are commonly encountered by the general surgical pathologist. Emphasis is usually placed on the neoplasms of bladder, particularly if malignant, owing to their bad prognosis. A good command of benign lesions occurring in the bladder, and knowledge of their preneoplastic potential will help pathologists to confidently diagnose malignancy versus its benign mimickers and guide the urologists in choosing the appropriate therapy for the patient. Aims &...
Topics: Bladder, Benign, Cystitis, Histopathological spectrum, Non neoplastic
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Archana U.1, Raju H. B.2, Sreedhar J.3, Jyoti H.1, Shama B.1, Abhiram M.3, Rishab A.3, Rajani D.3
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The aim of this paper is to present a case of relapsing polychondritis and response to cyclophosphamide pulse therapy. A 19 years old female patient presented with inflammatory back pain, asymmetrical oligoartheritis and acute anterior uveitis. CT thorax revealed edema in the glottis and trachea causing narrowing of lumen. Based on the investigations and clinical finding a final diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis was done and started with 5 pulse of cyclophosphamide which showed improvement....
Topics: Relapsing Polychondritis, Cyclophosphamide
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 S. Umamaheswari1*, K. S. Sridevi Sangeetha2
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Background: Diabetes is one of the common metabolic disorder that occurs due to poor secretion of insulin. It is more common among aged people in India. The incidence of diabetes is increasing every day and this indicates the increasing need for the treatment for diabetes. Objective: The objective of the present study is to screen the effects of selected substituted dihydroxyflavone for its in vitro antidiabetic effect by finding the potential to inhibit the enzymes α-Glucosidase. Materials...
Topics: Diabetes, Dihydroxy flavones, in vitro, Alpha glucosidase, Metabolic disorder
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Sk Nazibar Rahaman1,3, Surajit Das2, Sandeep Kumar Dash1, Biplab Giri1, Kazi Monjur Ali3*
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Nutrition is a critical determinant of human health. Despite the ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) having started as far back as 1975 to specifically address the health, nutritional and educational needs of children from the ante-natal period to six years after birth, malnutrition is still prevalent in India. In this context, this review has been done to explore the trends in the prevalence of wasting, stunting, overweight, and obesity among children both in the rural and urban areas...
Topics: Malnutrition, Underweight, Stunting, Wasting, Obesity
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Kavitha G. Singh1; Umme Umaima S.2; Khushbu Jangid3
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Aim: To extract Tyrosine ammonia Lyase(TAL) from Trigonella foenum-graecum and utilize it for the treatment of depigmentation by carrying out in-vivo analyses on Zebra fish embryos Tyrosine ammonia Lyase is an enzyme that is involved in deamination of L-tyrosine to P-coumaric acid. The enzyme TAL was extracted from Trigonella foenum-graecum. This enzyme has been targeted to be used in depigmentation of the skin in the current study using zebra fish as a model organism. This enzyme participates...
Topics: L-tyrosine ammonia Lyase, Depigmentation, P-coumaric acid, Trigonella foenum-graceum, Zebra fish
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of the frontal sinus as an indicator for personal identification Objectives: 1) To determine the presence or absence of symmetry of frontal sinus in each individual and draw comparison between males and females 2) To determine the number of lobes of frontal sinus in each individual and draw comparison between males and females 3) To determine the overall dimensions of frontal sinus in each individual and draw comparison between males and females Materials and...
Topics: Forensics, Forensic dentistry, Paranasal sinus view
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Meghavi R. Joshi1, Dhaval Jetly2, Mital Kundariya3
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Malignant round cell tumors include a diverse group of cancers that appear morphologically as round cells. More commonly malignant round cell tumors include cancers consisting of small to intermediate cells having a dark, hyper chromatic nuclei and scant or indistinct cytoplasm. These malignant blue cell tumors include: Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)/Ewing’s sarcoma family, Neuroblastoma, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Rhabdomayosarcoma, Wilms tumor, Retinoblastoma, Small cell...
Topics: Small blue round cell tumors, Ewing sarcoma/PNET, Primitive tumors, Childhood undifferentiated tumor
Introduction: Malnutrition is a common complication among HIV-infected children. HIV impairs the immune system, making the body vulnerable to various infections. Infections leads to malnutrition which further contributes to a weakened immune system making a vicious cycle. This leads to a rapid progression to AIDS. Objectives: To assess the burden of malnutrition and to know its effect on immune status of HIV infected children attending Anti-Retro viral Therapy (ART) Centre. Methodology: The...
Topics: ART, Children, CD4 count, HIV, Malnutrition
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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New Delhi is home to about 17 million people. It is the largest Indian city in terms of area, and has the highest population density in the country. New Delhi has housed about 6,343 slums with approximately 1 million households. While the census indicates that 83% used treatedtap water as a primary potable water source, only half of the slum households have any water source within their housepremises, which reflects the insufficient availability and overreliance on unreliable shared sources....
Topics: Drinking water, Slums, Diseases, Health, Water borne
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Jaanam Altaf Khan1, Shu Zhu2, Xiuli Wang2*
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Postpartum hemorrhage is a potentially lethal, hazardous whilst preventable condition making it the significant cause of maternal mortality. It is defined as loss of blood greater than 500ml in a normal delivery and more than 1000ml in C-section in the first 24 hours. One third and one fourth of the death that occurs is due to postpartum hemorrhage, Among the various causes of Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), uterine atony is the most common cause involved in 80% of the cases. Hypovolemic shock,...
Topics: Postpartum hemorrhage, Uterine atony, Obstetric hemorrhage, Hysterectomy
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Spenta Rachel Thomas, Sajeena Jose C., Deepthi Damodaran, Eldhose Benny, Ateendra Jha*, Viresh K. Chandur, Ramakrishna Shabaraya A
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Introduction: Sepsis is a common and highly fatal clinical syndrome that is characterized by systemic inflammatory response syndrome due to infection. It is a final common pathway of many infectious processes, e.g. bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infection in critically ill patients. There is a need of study regarding the sensitivity and resistivity pattern of antimicrobials for the proposal or implementation of rational therapy guidelines. This study will also provide the best...
Topics: Antibiotic, Organisms, Sepsis, Sensitivity
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 M. Sujeetha1, Anitha Logaranjani2, Vijayalakshmi R.2, Rajapriya3, Jaideep Mahendra4
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There are several microbiological and immunological aspects involved in the interactions between bacteria and the host during the initiation and progression of periodontal disease. Periodontal therapy lacks the diagnostic capability to tailor predictable therapy for the individual. An understanding of the various mechanisms involved will enable us to plan better therapeutic approach that aims in the eradication of the disease process. In future, we can improve the host’s ability and thereby...
Topics: Adhesins, Evasion, Immunity, Invasion, P. gingivalis
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Background: Gymnema sylvestre also known as ‘GURMAR’ is one of the important herbs in the Ayurvedic system of medicine and Indian proprietary medicines. Objective: In the present investigation, phytochemical screening, free radical scavenging, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities were evaluated in vitro in the aqueous extract from the leaves of Gymnema sylvestre (AGS). Methods: Leaf samples were subjected with four different solvents (ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate and distilled...
Topics: Anti-cancer, Anti-inflammatory, Free radicals, Gymnema sylvestre, MG63, Osteosarcoma
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Lavanya S.R.1 , Mahesh Dave2* , Archana Gokhroo3
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Introduction: Tubercular meningitis is the commonest form of neurotuberculosis. Diagnosis is challenging because of paucibacillary nature, lack of specific sign and symptoms. CBNAAT is a real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test for the diagnosis of tubercular meningitis. So we used this rapid test to assess its role in diagnosis of Tubercular Meningitis(TBM). Material and Methods: This study was done over a period of one year in a tertiary centre. Patients with symptoms suggestive of...
Topics: CBNAAT, Tubercular Meningitis, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Rifampicin resistance, WHO
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Neha Hatwar1, Suchetha PS2*, Dhanesh Kumar KU3
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Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the combined effectiveness of lower limb mirror therapy and motor imagery on gait in stroke patients. Methods: A total number of 38 patients were recruited for the study. They were divided into two groups: Group A (n=19) and Group B (n=19). Group A was given motor imagery and conventional rehabilitation while Group B was given lower limb mirror therapy, motor imagery, and conventional rehabilitation. The interventions were given for 2weeks...
Topics: Gait disturbances, Mirror Therapy, Motor Imagery, Stroke
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Feba Sara Oommen1, Suchetha PS2*, Dhanesh Kumar KU3
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Aim: To evaluate the correlation between pelvic alignment and trunk control in children with spastic diplegia of the age group 8-15 years. Methods/Design: The study used a cross-sectional research design. 24 children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy were included in the study. Pelvic asymmetry of each child was measured using palpation meter device (PALM) and trunk control using a trunk control measurement scale (TCMS) on the same day with 5 minutes break in between. Results: The results...
Topics: Pelvic alignment, Spastic diplegia, Trunk control
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Sanhita Ghosh1, Anindita Roy2, Sabyasachi Kundagrami3*
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Aim: Mungbean is one of the most important pulse crops due to the high content of protein as well as the ability to nitrogen fixation in soil. Seed yield is the most complex trait which highly influenced by other traits and also the environment. In this view, the study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between yield and yield attributing traits. Methodology: In the present study, fifty-two mungbean genotypes were evaluated at the experimental farm of the University of Calcutta, Baruipur,...
Topics: Mungbean, Yield, Association, Correlation, Path
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Anirban Nath1*, Disharee Nath1, Chand Kumar Santra2, Tapash Dasgupta3
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Background: For commercial exploitation of rice hybrids, superior grain and cooking qualities are prerequisites. The current study evaluates thirty eight rice hybrids in terms of important grain and cooking quality parameters. Materials and Methods: Performances associated with grain quality parameters like Hulling%, Milling%, Head rice recovery%, Kernel length, Kernel Breadth and L/B ratio were recorded. In case of cooking qualities, characters like Amylose content, Gel consistency, Alkali...
Topics: Hybrid rice, Hulling, Milling, Head rice recovery, Amylose content, Gel consistency, Gelatinization...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Prerna N. Kulkarni1, Nilesh S. Bulbule2, Dilip M. Kakade3, Neha V. Hakepatil1
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Aim: This article presents an overview about various simple techniques for fabrication of radiographic and surgical stents for implant placement. Background: Dental implantology is now a feasible option to conventional prosthodontics. A need for predictable prosthesis has resulted in the emergence of prosthetically guided implantology. A radiographic stent is used for evaluation and determination of the accurate position for implant placement during the planning and for identification of the...
Topics: Diagnostic stent, Radiographic stents, Surgical Stents, Dental Implants
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Juned Labbai1*, Kruti Tapiyawala2
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Background: Ankle joint is one of the most frequently injured joint and very limited amount of studies is available on morphometry of the articular surfaces of bones forming the tibio-fibular mortise which will help in the reconstruction surgeries and in the manufacture of implants. Methods: 120 dry adult fibulae (60 right & 60 left) obtained from the Department of Anatomy were studied. Results: The mean height of talar facet on fibula was found to be 20.61±2.07 mm on the left side and...
Topics: Fibula, Distal end, Talar facet
Aim: To compare the clinical and the histopathological outcomes of fibrin glue versus vicryl sutures for fixing amniotic membrane grafts in patients undergoing pterygium excision. Methods: The study was a randomized control study involving thirty patients with primary pterygium. All underwent pterygium surgery with amniotic membrane graft and every alternate patient had the graft secured with fibrin glue and 8 ‘0’ vicryl sutures. Therefore 15 eyes had the grafts attached with fibrin glue...
Topics: Pterygium, Amniotic membrane graft, Fibrin glue, vicryl suture, Histology
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Saikat Mondal1*, Debnath Palit2, Pinaki Chattopadhyay3
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Aim: The main aim of the study was to study the vegetation structure and species diversity of coal mine generated waste land, located in Raniganj coal field area, West Bengal. Methodology: The survey of vegetation was conducted at both study sites by using standard quadrat method. Study of different phytosociological attribute and species diversity analysis was done using standard methods. Statistical analysis was performed to represent the importance of different phytosociological attributes....
Topics: Coal mining, Reclamation, Wasteland, Vegetation
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Snehaa A.1, C. Ravikumar2*, M. Ganapathy3, S. Manimaran2, G. B. Sudhagar Rao2, A. Karthikeyan2
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Aim: The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the suitable organic manure to sustain the soil fertility, yield of baby corn and also opt a best alternate crop for rice fallow pulses presumably in missing season.. Materials and Methods: Field experiments were conducted in the Experimental Farm of the Department of Agronomy, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar during summer and kharif season of 2017 in Randomized block design to study the response of baby corn (Zea mays L.) to...
Topics: Organic manure, Growth, Yield, Baby corn, Vermicompost, FYM
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Kimasha Borah1, Kalyan Bhuyan2, Dhrubajyoti Bhuyan3
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Alcohol use disorders in adolescents has been a major health and social concern across the globe demanding timely intervention in order to prevent the great deal of morbidity and mortality that are often associated with maladaptive pattern of substance use. Understanding the causation, maintenance and progression of alcohol use disorder is of utmost importance in formulating strategies for its treatment and prevention. There has been a major paradigm shift in understanding of the complex...
Topics: Social network, Alcohol dependence, Drinking habit
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Priya Gaur1, C. S. Shrivastava2, S. Gaherwal1*
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Indore city harbours a wide variety of birds. The objective of the present study was to assess the avian diversity and its spatial variation at four different locations of Indore city viz. Meghdoot Garden, Nehru Park, Lalbagh and Pipliyapala Regional Park. A yearly survey of avian fauna was carried out from January to December 2018 by adopting line transect and point count method.A total of 58 bird species belonging to 13 order and 34 families were recorded during the present study. The highest...
Topics: Avian fauna, Meghdoot garden, Nehru park, Lalbagh, Pipliyapala Regional Park
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 12, 2021 Shanti Pandey1, Vivekanand Satyawali2, Dipti Joshi3, Govind Singh Titiyal4
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Introduction: Retinopathy is one of major micro vascular complication in long standing diabetes, but diabetic keratopathy has potential to decompensate following stress. The central corneal thickness is a sensitive indicator of health of cornea and may influence outcome in cataract, refractory surgeries and may lead to fallacy in Intraocular pressure measurement. Present study was cross sectional observational study, undertaken to determine the correlation between central corneal thickness...
Topics: Central Corneal Thickness, Diabetes
Aim: The study is aimed to determine number, location and direction of nutrient foramen, to assess whether nutrient foramen obeys rule of ossification, that is directed away from the growing end of the bone or not. Methodology: The study constituted n = 122 (68 right, 54 left) humeri collected from the Department of Anatomy, Nimra Institute of Medical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India. All the measurements were taken using standard anthropometric techniques. Results: Number, direction...
Topics: Clinical implications, Foraminal index, Humerus, Nutrient foramen
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Sharvari N. Chitnis1, Raziya Nagarwala2, Ashok Shyam3, Parag Sancheti4
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Objectives: 1. To study the effect of tai chi on lung function 2. To study effect of pranayama on lung function 3. To compare the effects of tai chi chuan and pranayama on lung function. Methods: 60 healthy volunteers, males and females, aged 18-22 years were recruited for the study. Individuals were categorized into two groups by random allocation. Subjects who were doing any physical activity, practicing tai chi or pranayama, having preexisting history of musculoskeletal, neurological,...
Topics: Tai chi chuan, Pranayama, Lung function
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Introduction: Neonatal period is characterized by transition to extra uterine life and rapid growth and development. Newborn period, just first 28 days of life, carries the greatest risk of mortality. Despite being less than 2% of total period of under 5 children, the newborn period accounts for over half of under 5 child mortality. Good care therefore not only improves survival of children but lays foundation of optimal log term physical and neurocogitive development. Aim: The aim of the study...
Topics: Simulation of neonatal BLS (basic life support), Nursing students
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Ashish Bhaskar Zope1, Lata Madhukar Kale2, Sonia Kaur Sodhi3, Vishwas Dattatratya Kadam4, Aishwarya Madhukar Kale5
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Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the interns for their understanding of the importance of radiology and its judicious use. Methods: The study was carried out with 16 pretested questions which were closed ended. The study was conducted among the trainee dentists who were pursuing internship. The duration of the study was 2 weeks. A total of 115 trainee dentists participated, 90 females and 25 males. The data obtained was fed into Microsoft Excel (Redmond WA). The statistical...
Topics: Radiology, Safety, Exposure
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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In modern age, Arsenic is a major environmental pollutant and exposure occurs through agricultural, environmental, medicinal and occupational sources. The toxicity of arsenic trioxide has been shown in catfish, Clarias batrachus and the data suggest that the inorganic forms of arsenic showing the highest toxicity level. Aim and Objectives: To study the complete blood count of control and arsenic trioxide affected Clarias batrachus, and provide an overview on arsenic and heavy metal toxicity....
Topics: Arsenic trioxide, Clarias batrachus, RBC, WBC, Hb, Platelets, PCV, MCV and MCH
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Darshana Nariya1, Simrankaur Sangtani2, Prachi Shah2, Dhruvi Patel2
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Objectives: To evaluate the levels of physical activity among the physiotherapy students of S.S. Agrawal Institute of Physiotherapy and Medical Care Education. Methods: The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002. By using it cross-sectional analysis of 130 physiotherapy students aging 18-22 years was conducted in order to assess levels of Physical Activity (PA). Informed consent was taken priorly, data was collected &...
Topics: Physical Activity, Physiotherapy Students, Physical Activity Assessment, BMI, NCDs
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Background: Smoking has become an important public health issue in recent years, but little is known about how smokers position themselves and regulate their behavior in this context. Objective: The study was aimed to investigate the trends of cigarette smoking & the concomitant perception of young adults towards it. Methods: A prospective cross sectional study was carried out at renowned 5 universities of Dhaka city. Around 250 students filled-out the questionnaires based on cigarette...
Topics: Smoking, Harmful, Young adults, Attitudes, Regulation, Awareness
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Olotu T. M.1,2*; Adegunloye D. V.2, Ekundayo F. O.2
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Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are also bioreactors that convert chemical energy stored in the bonds of organic matters into electricity through biocatalysis of microorganisms. Mud sediment of various depths (surface water, mud surface, 50cm, 100cm and 150cm) of River Ala were used in a double chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) to generate electric current and comparative studies of the methylene blue mediator and mediator-less chamber were carried out. Microbial analyses, physiochemical analysis...
Topics: Sediment, Microorganisms, Electric current, Methylene blue and Microbial fuel cell
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Neelam Sagar*, Rup Narayan
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Aim: The present study was done to evaluate the effect of the dye basic fuchsin (BF) on soil mycobiota with an aim to mark out the fungal strains which might be able to remove triphenylmethane dyes from effluent by adsorption. Methodology: Pot experiments were conducted during the study and different concentration (500, 750 and 1000 ppm) of Basic fuschin dye were used on soil mycobiota. Soils treated with different concentration of the solution of basic fuchsin were screened for fungal...
Topics: Basic fuchsin, Dye-tolerant fungi, Soil mycobiota
Introduction: Childhood deafness is a multifaceted disability which affects a child’s ability to hear and delays the speech development and language learning skill. Thus results in cognitive impairments in these children including lower IQ scores, slower information processing skills and poorer literacy skills. Aim of the Study: To find the incidence and pattern of deafness in children with non and delayed development of speech and to look for the risk factors associated with this. Study...
Topics: Leading, Around, Congenital
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Karthikeyan1, M. Sridevi2
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Introduction: Synovial fluid is a thick, stringy fluid found in the cavity of synovial joint.Its main function is to reduce the friction between two joints. Synovial fluid is made up of hyaluronic acid, lubricants and collagen. In a healthy joint the normal volume of synovial fluid is 0.15mlto 0.5ml. This study was done with the objective to evaluate the characteristics of the synovial fluid in various joint diseases. Method: The study was done in 60 cases of arthritis. Synovial fluid was...
Topics: Arthritis, Joint diseases, Rheumatoid, Synovial fluid
Introduction: This study evaluated the efficacy of Four square step test (FSST) and modified dynamic gait index (mDGI) in patients with Parkinson’s disease to evaluate balance. In this study 50 individuals with Parkinson’s disease were assessed according to Hoen Yahr scale (grades between 1to 3), were subjected to FSST and mDGI. Results: FSST and m DGI scores were taken of the same patient. and sensitivity and specificity were also calculated. Both these scales show a highly significant...
Topics: Sensitivity, Specificity, Balance, Parkinson’s disease
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Scherer JS1, Carvalho OF2, Silliprandi EM2, Dos Santos RP2
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Prevalence of Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms is increasing in healthcare associated (HCA) institutions and community. We conducted a matched case-double control study to assess the risk factors for acquisition of these multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO), in a cardiac center in Brazil. We studied two hundred and thirty-eight patients (58 cases). Two groups of comparison were included: control Group 1 (N=120), with patients without infection; and control Group 2...
Topics: ESBL, Multidrug resistance, Enterobactereaceae, Infection control
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Deepak Dass, Thinles Chosphel, Harish Kumar
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Background: The Lake Louise Score (LLS) – 2018 is a revised 4-item questionnaire used in the diagnosis of Acute Mountain Sickness. However, a validated Hindi translation of LLS-2018 is not available. Material and Method: Fifty Hindi-speaking volunteers self-reported the translated Hindi version of LLS- 2018 after active ascent to high altitude (11,500 ft). It was then tested for its face validity and internal consistency. Result: The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.69 and the corrected item score...
Topics: Acute Mountain Sickness, Lake Louise Score, Hindi translation, Psychometric
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Onabolu Oluwatoni O1, Jagun Omodele O2, Ebonhor Michael3
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Background: Rehabilitation of the blind in developing countries is usually focused on education for employment purposes with little attention to social life. Yet it is known that the blind have dreams and aspiration that are dampened by their disability. This study examined how rehabilitated blind adults cope socially with their disability. Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study amongst registered members of the Nigerian Association of the Blind, Ogun State Chapter. Sixty-six...
Topics: Blind, Marriage, Social life, Economic Challenges
Objectives: The present study has been conducted to establish a relation between patient with fractures having time duration upto two weeks and presence of C-reactive protein in their serum. Materials and Methods: One hundred and three patients with fractures at different site and different time duration have been studied for the presence of inflammatory marker; C-reactive protein. The protein is detected using qualitative Slide agglutination method. Result: It has been found that out of one...
Topics: Inflammatory markers, C-reactive protein, Fracture, Agglutination
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 G. Nagabushna Rao1, S. S. R. Nagendra Babu2, R. Sasidhar2, S. S. Raveendra Babu2, Siva Kumar3
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Introduction: Ileal intussusceptions is the invagination of the small intestine within itself and accounts for 1% of cases of acute obstruction. However, physicians do not initially consider intussusception as a possible diagnosis of obstruction due to its rarity in adults. Case Report: 55-year-old female who was admitted to the Emergency Department with continuous abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed ileal intussusceptions. The patient underwent surgical removal of...
Topics: Ileal intussusceptions, Bowel obstruction, Abdominal pain, Gastrointestinal lipoma, Ileum, Fibroid...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Aim: The purpose of our study is to determine the prevalence of neck pain in computer workers. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study amongst neck pain in computer workers of 20-50 year old. Methods and Material: A cross-sectional study was done. 100computer worker in that 81 male and 19 female, they should be working on computer for at least 3 hours / day of different company in Surat were surveyed after written informed consent with a semi-structured questionnaire including Neck...
Topics: Neck pain, Computer operators, Ergonomics
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Solomon Yilma, Kassahun Sadessa, Denberu Kebede
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Mycotoxin affects the world’s food crops and creates a large economical loss in the developed and developing countries. Aflatoxins are a group of mycotoxins that mainly produced by Aspergillus species viz., A. flavus, and A. parasiticus. An aflatoxins contamination of maize grains has exhibiting a serious threat to human and animal health over the past two decades. Toprotect the safety of food commodities, regular monitoring and diagnosis of the presence and amount of non-permissible levels...
Topics: Maize grain, Storage methods, Fungi, Identification, Detection, Quantification and AflatoxinB1
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Md. Hamid Ali1, Sinjan Ghosh2, Nandini Chatterjee3, Udas Chandra Ghosh4
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Meningoencephalitis is a very critical illness that is widespread andit remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity with neurological disabilities. It usually presents with varying degrees of symptoms of meningeal inflammation, posing difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. Study was conducted to Evaluate clinical severity and CSF(cerebrospinal fluid) findings at presentation. Encompassing the clinical status, CSF assays, along with revelations of recent trends of infection responsible...
Topics: Acute Meningoencephalitis, Cerebrospinal fluid, MRI of brain
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Sheeja CV1, Assuma Beevi TM2, Maryelizabeth Tidiya3, Theertha P Krishnan4
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Introduction: Radiation therapy involve the use of ionizing radiation rays to cure or improve symptoms of cancer by damaging DNA of that cell. Radiation therapy is used for treating different types of cancers effectively. Patients undergoing radiation therapy are having physical & psychological discomfort and cause difficulties in doing their daily living activities. Identifying the experiences of patients will help the health care team to plan the patient care efficiently. Aim and...
Topics: Radiation Therapy, Living Experience
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Abdul Maajed Jehangeer1, Rohi Wani2, Wasim Lone3, Syed Aga Nadeem4
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Aim: To study the incidence of post-operative port site hernias in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our centre. Methodology: This study was carried out on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy with non-closure of port-site fascial sheath who attended for follow-up in our outpatient clinic up to one year from the date of surgery. Results: None of the patients in our study came up with any indication of port site hernia. Conclusion: Port-site closure of fascial...
Topics: Laparoscopy, Port site, Hernia, Trocar
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Chowki Parvez Abutaher1, Patil Rashmi Avinash2
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Aims: • To study the occurrence and type of sacralisation of fifth lumbar vertebra • To correlate embryological basis of the various types of anomalies in the Lumbosacral vertebrae Methodology: 98 adult human sacra were examined in the department of Anatomy of Seth GSMC, Mumbai. Damaged, mutilated and deformed sacra were excluded from the study. The data were collected by naked eye examination, compiled and statistically analysed and compared with other similar studies. Results: The...
Topics: Lumbosacral Transitional Vertebrae (LSTV), Lumbar vertebra, Sacrum, Sacralisation, Lumbarisation,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Flores-Encarnación M.1*, Nava-Nolazco R.M.1, Aguilar-Gutiérrez G.R.2, Espino-Benítez A.S.1, Morales-Baéz J.R.1, Cabrera-Maldonado C.3
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The invasion of the healthy urinary system is restricted to a group of microorganisms known as “uropathogens”. 80-90% of all urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by uropathogenic E. coli. The development of UTI depends on several virulence factors of the infecting organisms. This work shows the most relevant aspects in relation to the strategies responsible for the survival of uropathogenic E. coli in various environments in the host. Key Words: Virulence factor, E. coli,...
Topics: Virulence factor, E. coli, Uropathogenic, Urinary tract
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Ranveer Kumar Mahato1, Dhara Panchal2, Neeta J Vyas3
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The objective of this study is to reproduce evidence to distinguish the different forms of exercises most applicable in clinical practice for aging adults who are suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common degenerative diseases causing disability in an elderly individual. Osteoarthritis is an increasing problem for aging people. Among many treatment strategies, Exercise is recommended as a first-line conservative intervention approach for...
Topics: Exercises, Physiotherapy, Knee osteoarthritis, Randomized controlled trial, Systematic review
Historically animal studies and 2D cell culture models have been strengthening biomedical and pharmaceutical research, with many limitations. Currently, new drug development for many diseases like cancer is an important necessity. An organoid is a miniaturized version of an organ produced in vitro that shows realistic micro-anatomy, is capable of self-renewal and self-organization and exhibits similar functionality as the tissue of origin. While their size is small (typically < 3 mm in...
Topics: 3D organoids, 2D cell culture, Drug discovery, Organ toxicity, High-throughput screening
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 11, 2021 Yash Jain1, Rathna Valluri2, C Srikanth3, Kranti Kiran Reddy Ealla4
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Periodontology is widely recognized as the dental speciality pertaining to the ailments of the tissues surrounding and supporting the tooth. In the past decade a significant amount of research in periodontology was directed towards applications of advanced fields of studies like genomics, proteomics, nano-technology, bio-photonics, etc. The aim of the present review article is to outline the scope of periodontology, by briefing current practices and emphasizing the more recent and advanced...
Topics: Advances in Periodontology, Biophotonics, Genomics, Nanotechnology, Periodontal Vaccine,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Yanjana1, Promila Singh2, Mahendra Kumar3
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Aim: The main objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Behavioral Intervention with fine motor training on behavioral problems and learning disabilities in children with writing difficulties (dysgraphia). Materials and Methods: Those school going children who were average IQ, low academic performance and scored less than 50 on diagnostic test of learning disability (DTLD) and less than 5 on Eye-hand Coordination (EHC) subtest of DTLD were identified as subjects with writing...
Topics: Learning disability, Intelligence, Behavioral Problem, Behavioral Intervention, Fine Motor Training
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Vinod Waiker1, Ranjit Ambad2, Abhishek Joshi3, Vijay Khandal1
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Introduction: Food waste is a universal problem and attempts to curb is a big challenge worldwide as hunger rate is again rising since 2015[FAO,2017] after many years of restraint.1 As per the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal Target 12.3.1 and 12.3.2 the food loss and waste respectively must be halved of the per capita global food targeted by 2030. The paper aims to analyse the malpractices persist in society related to food management that leads to abundant food wastage. The...
Topics: Food Waste, ZERO Hunger, Waste Behaviour, Hunger Rate, Waste Management
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Vijay Kumar1, Nishu Chawla2, Shipra Gupta3, Jigisha Aanad4
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Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having an intense effect on all aspects of society, including mental health and physical health. A major adverse consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to be increased social isolation and loneliness which are strongly associated with anxiety and depression. Tracking loneliness and intervening early are important priorities. Crucially, reducing sustained feelings of loneliness, and promoting belongingness are candidate...
Topics: Coronavirus COVID-19, Children Coping, Depressive disorder, Anxiety disorder, Argument tendency
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Vasant Gawande1, Kunal Saoji2, Ajith Nair3, Kiran Saoji4
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Introduction: Neurocysticercosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases of the CNS in which the central nervous system is involved by taenia solium. However, it is uncommon that neurocysticercosis involves the spine. Result: Here, we reported a 35-year-old man with intramedullary cysticercosis in the thoracic spinal cord. MRI of the spine revealed a small (0.5x0.7cm) intramedullary lesion in the cord at the level of D8 vertebral body. Conclusion: Since the patient had progressive...
Topics: Intramedullary, Cysticercosis, Spinal cord
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Sujata R. Kanetkar, Ramesh M. Oswal, Mahendra A. Patil, S. J. Pawar, A. V. Mane
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Introduction: Breast malignancy is a significant general medical issue for women all through the world. In the United States, breast malignant growth remains the most incessant disease in ladies and the second most frequent cause of cancer death. Methods: Fifty cases of carcinoma of the breast in which tumour markers were studied All the cases were admitted in this institution, investigated and treated accordingly but tumour marker was sent to the outside standard laboratory, Mumbai. The cases...
Topics: Tumour Markers, (CEA and CA15-3) Carcinoma, Breast
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Sonal Muley1, Chetan Saoji2, Sachin Daigavane3, Tejas Sadavarte4
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Introduction: This is a case of a 26-year-old female who presented to the medicine OPD with fever, chills, periorbital swelling of the left eye associated with discharge. The patient had a history of blood transfusion and severe anaemia (Hb-2.8gm%). Visual acuity in the right eye was 6/6 with a normal examination. The visual acuity in the left eye was no PL with no retinal glow. Result: There was the presence of bloody discharge, lid oedema, ecchymosis, chemosis, subconjunctival haemorrhage,...
Topics: Ocular Tuberculosis, Epididymitis, Keratoprosthesis, Ecchymosis and hypotony
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Smarita Lenka1, Santosh Kumar Swain1, Ruchi Bhuyan2, Mahesh Chandra Sahu3
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Fungal infection in the oral cavity is a completely microbes-oriented disease most probably caused due to biofilm formation on the floor of the mouth and its surrounding. Most of the studies revealed that Candida and Asparigellus spp. are frequently isolated fungus. Smoking, alcohol consumption, high intake of carbohydrate diet, loss of salivary function and immunosuppression are colonizing factors and predisposing factors for fungal infection in the oral cavity and may lead to the chronic...
Topics: Oral cavity, Fungal infection, Fungal biofilm, Candida spp, Antifungal agent
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Shilpa M. Gabhane1, Geeta V. Sathavane2, Dheeraj Zade3, Arun Wankhede4, Swarupa Chakole5
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Introduction: In the present scenario, it is very difficult to maintain our health and lifestyle balance. Ayurveda is an ancient medical science and has a solution for this situation in the form of Panchakarma. As stress and busy life schedule cause the vitiation of Vata, among Panchakarmas -especially Basti is very effective in maintaining our healthy life because Basti maintains the proper functions of Vata. When Vata has maintained properly then the normal physiological body function runs...
Topics: Ayurveda, Panchkarma, Vata, Basti, Healthy life
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Santosh Kumar Swain1, Satyabrata Achary, Saurjya Ranjan Das2
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Vertigo or dizziness is perceived to be a common handicapping clinical entity in all the age group of the human being. Vertigo is an uncommon symptom in pediatric age group and rarity of this clinical entity may be due to unrecognized in children. It is often associated with a range of otological, neurological and psychiatric diseases. In younger children, benign paroxysmal vertigo is often seen whereas vestibular migraine is common in adolescent girls. The aetiology of the pediatric vertigo is...
Topics: Pediatric age, Vertigo, Vestibular migraine, Benign paroxysmal vertigo, Meniere’s disease,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Rahul S. Patil, R. J. Kapale, Dany P. Jhon, Gosavi Rohit, Pramod Kulkarni
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Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, encountered in practice. The incidence of diabetes is increasing at a rapid pace and is evolving into an epidemic. Methodology: In the present study, serum magnesium levels of 100 diabetic patients are compared with 30 nondiabetic patients with age and sex-matched controls. Serum magnesium levels are significantly low amongst diabetics as against nondiabetic controls giving the incidence of hypomagnesemia in diabetics to be...
Topics: Serum, Magnesium, Diabetes Mellitus
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Background: With technological advances, new procedures and more effective medicines, the costs of healthcare have driven up. So, taking health insurance is more affordable. Aims: To know health insurance service utilization and willingness to adopt a health insurance scheme among patients admitted in a tertiary hospital. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted during September - November 2019 among 126 patients admitted in a tertiary care hospital using a predesigned and pretested...
Topics: Health insurance, Awareness, Out of pocket expenditure, Inpatients, Willingness to pay, Social...
Background: Diagnosis and related advanced fertility treatments are multifaceted and protracted with unstipulated outcomes. There remains a risk of bodily burden, psychological distress, furthermore may impact the quality of life among infertile couples. Objectives: Study was aimed to 1. assess the quality of life among infertile couples undergoing fertility treatment and compare it between respective partners. 2. explore in-depth their perceived experiences. Methods: Explanatory mixed method...
Topics: Infertility, Quality of life, FertiQoL, Experiences of infertile couples.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 R. P. Patange, S. S. Patil, Prashant D. Shah, Prashant D. Shah, Digvijiay Kadam, Vrishali Chavan
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Introduction: The journey of the foetus through the maternal pelvis is considered most difficult. The art of obstetrics is based on balancing the risks encountered during this journey. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the relation between the result of the non-stress test and mode of delivery. To evaluate the relation between the result of the non stress test and perinatal outcome. This prospective study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Krishna Institute of...
Topics: Non-Stress Test, High Risk, Pregnancy.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Resu Neha Reddy1, Vadlakonda Sruthi2, Sharath Chandra Goud C.3, Sowmini K.4
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Introduction: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a Type 1 IgE mediated hypersensitivity disorder, characterized by sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, itching, and postnasal drip. Recently, many studies reported that vitamin D plays a critical role in Allergic rhinitis however, this association yet remains unclear. Aim & Methodology: The study aims to evaluate total nasal symptom scores (TNSS), serum IgE, serum absolute eosinophil count (AEC) in patients of AR, pre and post-treatment with and...
Topics: Allergic rhinitis, Serum Absolute Eosinophil Count levels, Serum IgE levels, Serum vitamin D...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Manas Agarwal1, Anu Behari2, Ashok Kumar3, V. K. Kapoor2, Rajnikant Yadaw4
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Objectives: Thick wall gallbladder (TWGB) is difficult to characterize on conventional imaging. Here we study the role of diffusion-weighted MRI in distinguishing between benign and malignant causes of TWGB. Methods: In this prospective study, we evaluated 25 patients with TWGB (>3mm wall thickness) on ultrasound. Diffusion-weighted MRI was done with the calculation of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. Patients were subjected to an appropriate surgical procedure. MRI findings were...
Topics: Thick Wall Gall Bladder, Diffusion-Weighted MRI, Carcinoma Gall Bladder.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Avinash Kumar, Kishore K. Panda*, Anurag Singh, Anand Kumar Singh
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Introduction: proximal one-third of tibial fractures are fairly commonly seen nowadays. Their geometry makes them prone to angular deformities. The use of a Poller or Blocking screw along with an intramedullary nail helps in avoiding these angular deformities and malunion. In this study, we aim to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of proximal one-third fractures of tibia managed with an intramedullary nail and a Poller screw. Material and Method: This study was conducted between...
Topics: Poller Screw, Blocking Screw, Proximal Tibia Fractures, Tibia metaphyseal Fractures, Intramedullary...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Vaishnavi P.1, S. Ramkumar2
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Background: Research information is required to create evidence-driven methodologies to decrease unfavourable mental impacts and psychiatric side effects amid the pandemic situation. Objective: This survey aimed to discover awareness level, behaviour, attitudes and also to analyze the psychological status related to coronavirus outbreak. Methods: The online survey was conducted by snowball examining methods. Results: This study included 520 respondents from different cities of Tamilnadu. 71% of...
Topics: COVID-19, Coronavirus, Awareness Level, Psychological Impact, Stress, Depression.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Introduction: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important cause of admission in the intensive care unit in hospitals. AMI ranks very high in the differential diagnosis of acute chest pain because prompt diagnosis and early treatment can save a life, preserve left ventricular function, reduce complications and can also impact the quality of life. Aim: Current study was done to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical history for detecting acute myocardial infarction compared to the...
Topics: Acute myocardial infarction, STEMI, Clinical history, Intermittent, Pain, AMI.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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The choice of ideal local anaesthetic agent for spinal anaesthesia is therefore crucial in the ambulatory setting. Lignocaine is associated with a high incidence of transient neurological symptoms, and bupivacaine produces sensory and motor blocks for a prolonged duration. Aims: This study was designed to compare preservative-free 2-chloroprocaine 40 mg with hyperbaric bupivacaine 15 mg for spinal anaesthesia in an elective ambulatory setting. Methodology: After approval from the institutional...
Topics: nfra-umbilical surgeries, 2-chloroprocaine, Bupivacaine, Spinal Anaesthesia, Sensory Block, Motor...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Mohammad Gayoor Khan1, Thangapandi M.2, Sabitha Mary Kurian3, Veena Suresh4, D. Nagendra Babu4, Aarti Singh Kushwah5, Umama Yezdani6
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Introduction: Chronic Insomnia is a Psychological disorder or neurological disease. It is a very common condition and estimated one-fourth the population of clinical affecting by this. In short long term sleeplessness or difficulty in sleeping. In chronic insomnia case if person per week at least not sleep 3 days and this routine continues for 3-4 months regularly or longer period then the condition is considered chronic insomniac patient. Difficulty in sleeping breaks in sleepings there is...
Topics: Neurological disease, Chronicinsomnia, Stress, Sleep disorder
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Kamal Kishor Dewangan1, Sumitra Pattanaik2, Lipilekha Patnaik2, Trilochan Sahu3
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Background: Women having menstrual Menopause is a universal physiological transitional process of the reproductive phase to the nonreproductive phase of life. During this transition, women suffer somatic, psychological and urogenital morbidities those are due to a decrease in the level of oestrogen that affects their quality of life. Objective: To find out the prevalence of morbidities among perimenopausal women using Modified Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS) and their associated factors of...
Topics: Modified menopausal Rating Scale (MRS), Menopausal morbidity, Urban slums
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Jigisha Anand1, Gargi Kandwal2, Manya Nath2, Vijay Kumar3, Jaya Sinha2, Sanjay Kumar2, Nishant Rai1
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Background: The study aimed to prepare cookies with high-quality ingredients which are a rich source of nutrition and have a good shelf life. The study proposed a healthy composition of cookies by incorporating antioxidant-rich green tea while replacing usual principal ingredients like all-purpose flour with cereals like Pearl Millet (Bajra) and oats while substituting unhealthy refined sugar with healthy powdered jaggery. The study thus evaluated the health benefits of green tea cookies based...
Topics: Antioxidant, Cookies, Green tea, Jaggery, Pearl millet, Sesame.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Srinivasa Rao Konijeti1, Kadiri Sunil Kumar2, Sri Leela Movva3, Muralikrishna K. S.4
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Objectives: The study was designed with the rationale to investigate the anxiety-like behaviour with pseudoephedrine treatment in albino mice. Numerous reports of case studies suggest that pseudoephedrine treatment triggers anxiety symptoms in patients. Methods: Pseudoephedrine at doses 2 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg p.o was tested for its anxiogenic effect in albino mice by using elevated plus maze (EPM) and elevated zero mazes (EZM) models. Control and test group mice were treated with distilled water...
Topics: Pseudoephedrine, Anxiogenic, Elevated plus maze, Elevated zero maze, Open arm, Number of entries.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Debnath Bhattacharyya1, Nakka Marline Joys Kumari2, Eali Stephen Neal Joshua3, N. Thirupathi Rao3
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Coronavirus condition (COVID-19) is a contagious illness brought on by a freshly discovered Coronavirus. Most individuals contaminated with the COVID-19 infection will certainly experience moderate to modest respiratory system health problems and recoup without needing unique therapy. Older people and those with underlying clinical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetic issues, persistent respiratory conditions, and cancer are more likely to create a significant health problem. Aim and...
Topics: nCoV-19, SARS, MERS, EBOLA, Mortality, Zoonotic, Exponential Growth.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Darshan Kumar1, Ayesha2, Madhulika Jha3, Pankaj Gautam4, Himanshu Joshi5, Navin Kumar6
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Fungal infections are drawing attention because of the high mortality and morbidity rate associated with them. Candida, Cryptococcus, Pneumocystis, and Aspergillus are the main members of fungal genera responsible for life-threatening fungal infections all over the world. Candida exists as commensal opportunistic pathogens in the natural flora of human beings. Members of this genus have specialized virulence attributes which include adhesion, biofilm formation, yeast to hyphal transition, cell...
Topics: Candida, Candidiasis, Biofilm, Anti-Candida, Phytoactive, Synthetic drugs, MIC, Camellia sinensis,...
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Smrutipragnya Samal1, Priyanka Debata2, Santosh Kumar Swain1
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Cancer is a disease of major concern grasping the entire globe. It is one of the diseases characterized by high rates of incidence and mortality. Among all the cancer types, oral cancer has a high occurrence in countries like India, where people are more inclined towards the use of tobacco either for smoking or for chewing purpose. Nicotianatabacum being a hyperaccumulator plant can thus accumulate high amount of heavy metals in its parts, mostly leaves. The carcinogenicity of tobacco may be...
Topics: Cancer, Chromium, Heavy metal, Mutation, Rhizosphere, Tobacco
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 A. T. Pardesi, Dilip P. Patil, Nitin B. Jadav, Pramod Kulkarni, Dany John
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Introduction: The high plasma or serum concentrations of total homocysteine are associated with an increased risk of atherothrombotic disease. Aim- a study to assess Plasma Homocysteine Concentration in Acute Coronary Syndromes. Methods: Total 60 patients with the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and non-hemorrhagic stroke are included in this study. Results: In the present study, the plasma homocysteine level is significantly elevated in patients with CAD and non-hemorrhagic stroke. The...
Topics: Homocysteine, Acute coronary syndromes, Non-Haemorrhagic stroke
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Vinothini Kasinathan1, Akansha Mandhana1, Aida Mustapha2, Nur Sarah Adha Adam1
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Research in recent years has proven the effectiveness of brain games for staving-off the onset of dementia as people we age. This is because games offer both social and mental stimulation especially old people with dementia. Games are good to exercise the brain and to slow down worsening cognitive capacity. Five types of games that are especially suitable for dementia lovers include card games, Bingo, visual games, word puzzles, and video games. To capitalize on this aspect, this paper reviews...
Topics: Mathematical game, Dementia, Mental simulation
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Nilima Ramdas Thosar1, Sphurti Pramod Bane2, Nandinee Hake3, Suruchi Gupta2, Sudhindra Baliga M.4, Nilesh Rathi5
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Aim: The study was conducted to assess the awareness among parents especially the mothers regarding liquid medication among children and its relation to caries progression. Materials and Method: Around 230 mothers were included in the study. The mothers were asked to fill a validated questionnaire and her offspring were assessed for presence or absence of dental caries. Results: The data revealed that 80.4% of mothers preferred medication in syrup form, 63.5%administered medication twice daily...
Topics: Liquid medication, Pediatric drugs, Dental Caries, Parental Knowledge, Oral Hygiene Practices
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Haytham Dahlawi
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Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the pandemic world crisis that causes the most dangerous health and economic disaster since the second world war. The world health organization (WHO), in February 2020 has announced about the new epidemic disease caused by 2019-nCoV: 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Several health problems were associated with COVID-19 infection including; dry cough, fever, fatigue, headache, haemoptysis, diarrhoea, dyspnoea, and lymphopenia COVID-19 infection was...
Topics: COVID-19, Haematologicalparameters, WBCs, Lymphocytes, Thrombocytopenia
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Dr. Little Mahendra
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For the past few months, the hospitals have turned into a war zone. Stress on healthcare workers is the new norm due to the unprecedented challenges across the globe as governments trying to slow the spread of the virus. The situation is still shaky and under investigation, as we learn new mischievous coronavirus behavior every day. The healthcare workers are fighting to cope with crowds of sick and nervous patients, the medical stores going out of personal protective equipment (PPE). On top of...
Topics: COVID-19, Health care system, Dental personnel, PPE
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 3, 2021 Kaveri Bisht1, Kumud Pant2, Navin Kumar3, Akshara Pande4, Bhasker Pant5, Devvret Verma6
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Objective: One of the best ways to counter any pathogen including SARS-CoV-2 is through enhancement of self-immune response. Tetherin or BST2 is one such interferon-induced antiviral protein or immune regulatory protein of the human host that can restrict the release of virions of SARS-CoV-2. The ORF7a encoded protein of SARS-CoV-2 in-turn has been found to act as an antagonist to the human tetherin protein by interacting with key amino acid residues, thereby weakening the immune response....
Topics: ORF7a, Tetherin protein, Immunomodulation, In-silico, COVID-19, Coronavirus, SARS-COV-2