♪ >> the syrian exodus, the u.n. says 2 million people have now fled the conflict. >> and the numbers continue to rise as talk of military strikes continue. hello. france is making its case for action, presenting a doctor of evidence on chemical weapons attack in damascus. and ahead, the mounting cost of japan's radio active leaks. the government is spending half a billion dollars on the cry is.
and microsoft announce as big money buy out of nowkhah to try to catch up with its rivals. as the u.s. senate allies press their case for military strikes against syria, it's people continue to suffer. united nations says more than 2 million people have now fled to neighboring countries. this is what it looks like, three-quarters of them are women and children. a million refugees left in the first five months of this year alone. now, over 111,000 have fled to egypt, jordan has taken in more than 519,000. nearly three-quarters of a million have crossed into neighboring lebanon. turkey, nearly half a million. we will be speaking to her in just a moment. and in iraq, more than 171,000. on the boarder and he joins us
now. >> we have seen a very very large surge of refugees and these camps growing very quickly, give us an idea of what it is like there? >> well, i tell you, conditions are very tough, as you would expect in a refugee camp. let me show you how this place has drown. when i first arrived here, about two weeks ago, this catch was about two-thirds full. now, you can see it's stretches all the way over to the hill there. there are about 1,000 people still arriving across the syrian borderer single day. and in total, there are about 220,000 refugees here in northern iraq. 52,000 have arrived in the last couple of weeks, and the head of the united nations refugee agency here the iraq has said is they face a massive funding crisis. they have only been given a third of the money that they were promised so they are struggling. when we speak to the united nations staff on the drowned here, they say yeah, we are
struggling we need more tents. we need to get paragraph inside the camp. the school year is starting they don't have school set up. so there's still a very long way to go. there's a real fear that any strikes and military action is going to spark another massive refugee cry is, so lots of very very wowried people, both this the government. and within the add agencies. >> indeed, and how are they doing to be able to handle this extra -- the increased number of people if there is more talk of this military strike from the u.s., and the western countries and if anyway, they decide that they are going do go ahead and intervene? >> well, what happens is the united nations refugee agency needs to go to international donors and demand that they pay the money that they have promised. plus save the children has said to us they need to do exactly the same. it falls into the international
community to stump up the money that they have already promised it just hasn't been delivered yet. also the cuddish stan regional president, visited these camps he said we will try to give you all the money you need, but there's no inchling of how much is needed. you don't know how much money you need, and those refugees are still streaming across the border at a rate of 1,000 a day. i was there a couple of days ago and just witnessing the seaing. people dragging everything that they could bring with them, suitcases plastic bags and not knowing what they were going to find. also the other issue is here when you bring refugees into a country, they need money, so lots of those refugees are trying to get jobs here in northern iraq. now, at the moment they share a common language and history. so it is easier to absorb then in many ways they can get jobs because of that. however, if syrian arabs start
to come over that will be an issue because they don't have that same connection with this part of the world. so any increase in numbers and the types of refugees coming over will be a very big issue in the light of any potential military action. >> in northern iraq, thank you very much. now, anita is outside the refugee camp in turkey, anita, you have been there from the start, you have watched the trickle of refugees as they came in when the conflict first began. tell us how the situation has evolved? >> it's a grim milestone this 2 million mark. i remember standing on the border looking at a tiny village area, agriculture is the first refugees ran for their lives down the hill with something but we didn't at that point have any idea what. something behind the hills we couldn't tell driving them out. they didn't want to come, they stayed behind the chain link border fence of turkey for days not wishing to leaf behind their
livestock, their family homes, these were poor rural villages whose entire wealth, and their entire future security rested in the hand. but they finally came, then they would come and go, they stayed in very makeshift camps, as best they could, and they came and went, and then they came more than they went, and then more came, and now all this time later we are in a situation like this where effectively we have a very good camp infrastructure. if you are going to be a syrian refugee you are probably best off in turkey, better than anybody else, simply because the turks have the resources and the experience to build the roads, then cocainerrized housing units, the security fences, lighting toilets they put in schools. but it's not home. and the numbers in turkey now are approaching the turkish government tells us approaching the half a million mark. it has cost turkey $2 billion to
get this far. they want to go to geneva and seek more help. but the retchedness, the misery, the sense of exile, the longing these people feel to come home, that hasn't changed. they don't want to be here, no matter how many schools and toilets the turkish authorities can possibly build for them. >> now, at 1 point, turkey had put a limit on the number of refugees that they said they could accept. does it look like that still stands? obviously exceeded the limit, but does it look like they are doing to try to impose a barrier. >> this conflict has blown everyone's red lines not just president obama. i remember a time when the turkish government said they couldn't handle more than 100,000 syrian refugees. that was a red line for us. and they talked about busker zones and a need to go to syria and provide an area there for syrians to live because turkey
simply couldn't handle more than 100,000 refugees and here we are, more than 200,000 registers and around the 300,000 mark floating around turkey somewhere no one quite knows where, and the turks red line blown out of the water and no buss zone, and no fly zone, no fly zone, no humanitarian corridor. two turks have been forced to absorb it, and the busker zone is now in turkey, not in syria. what the turks have had to do is to throttle in effect the passage of refugees. there is an uncounted thousands, probably tens of thousands of syrian refugees waiting across the border waiting to come in wherever there is a camp to take them. and they are many their own makeshift camps just inside syria, under blast nick the open air, under olive trees trying to survive. help going across the board tore reach them. some with the assistance of the government, some are ad hoc agencies doing what they can.
turkey is only now taking them in at which turkey can build new places for them. what they can't afford to do it is allow it's own political realities to be destagized of a flow of people that shows no sign of easing. >> well, france says it has new evidence which proves that syria's chemical attack last month "could not have been ordered and carried out by anyone but the government." the french parliament is due to debate the cry is on wednesday. although france has already said one attack without help. >> making the case for war. senior politicians arrive at the prime minister's resident to give a key briefing about french intelligence on syria. the government wants to convince members of parliament from across the political spectrum that france should intervene. >> it is a tough sell. >> on the two of august,
president bashar al-asaad's regime used chemical weapons. nobody denies the reality. u.n. inspectors and two evidence we have gathered allow to hold the regime responsible, this cannot remain unanswered. >> the government gave m. p.es a nine page report to support its case. the document make as number of key points. >> the report says that satellite image ratios the chemical weapons were fired from government held territory. the attack was massive and coordinated and the rebels would not have had the capacity to launch it. government forces pommed the area afterwards to remove evidence of chemical weapons. but some opposition politicians left the meeting unconvinced. >> france is very isolated. where are our allies? there are no european allies. at this stage to support our
position on an international rebel. we should keep our position which is that of intervention. it is only justified within the setting of the united nations. >> france is still talking about trying to assemble a coalition of the willing. be turkish government u.k. parliament says it went take part, germany and canada have ruled themselves out. and we still don't know the position of the united states. it's hard to see right now who the other partners in the military intervention could be. and speaking in buts sells the secretary general of nato ruled out involvement of the alliance. >> if a response to what has happened in h syria were to be a military operation, i would in visits a very short, measured targeted operation. >> the french parliament will depate the syria crisis on wednesday. but there will be no vote on
military action. that decision lies with the president alone. and right now, he looks like a leader who is paralyzed. jackie roland, al jazeera, paris. >> and here is the response, syria's president has warned that france that there will be consequences if it joins an attack. in an interview with the french newspaper, bashar al-asaad said if the policies are hostile to the syrian people, the state will be their enemy. there will be repercussions negative ones obviously, on french interests. bashar al-asaad also said the middle east is a powder keg, they must not only talk about the syrian response but what might happen after the first strike. nobody knows what will happen everyone will lose control of the situation, when that powder keg explodes. chaos and extremism will spread. there is a risk of regional war, strong words there.
and russia's president wants to do what he can to propersuade the u.s. not to launch military action. he is planning to send a delegation to washington. vladimir put tin with the two senior legislatures. they are hoping to persuade members of the u.s. congress against intervention. >> in order to better understand each other, there is no other way than a direct open dialog with arguments and explanation of positions. such dialog between parliaments would certainly be a significant part in the development of russian american relations on the whole. >> and still to come on al jazeera. unity in name only. south korea's unification church struggling to overcome divisions one year after the death of its founder. and we tell you why the cancer ward has spread to the streets in mumbai.
♪ . >> hello, again. let me take you to our top stories. two united nations says that more than 2 million people have fled from syria into marrying countries. more than three-quarters are women and children. syria's president says the foreign military strike could spark a regional war. bashar al-asaad told the newspaper that the middle east is volatile where chaos and extremism can spread. u.s. secretary of state john kerry and the defense secretary are to appear before the senate's foreign relations committee later today. they are due to put their case
forward over the need to respond to last month's alleged chemical weapons attack. well, let's get more now on the syrian refugee crisis. he is with the world vision in london, thank you very much for coming on today. both our correspondents have highlighted the fact, one was in iraq, the other in turkey, lie lighted the fact that money was running short, funded was immediately badly. tell us your point of view when it comes to funding? >> yes. two situation we are seeing out there is an extremely grave one. two numbers of people that have been displaced within the region, are enormous. there's 2 million refugees no uh many the region, 1 million of them are children. and so these people have the needs that they have are extremely basic, food, water, shelter, access to education, and healthcare. so the needs are enormous.
and the funding for these needed to support these refugees is massive. >> the figures are astounding they come have various agency as refugee leafing the country every 15 seconds as you said three-quarters women and children, tell us what the challenge is with this are as you try to contain. because it isn't just iraq and turkey, it is in jordan too and other neighboring countries. >> yeah. the sheer scale of the crisis is what is the main challenge. as we are seeing in lebanon if the rates of refugees continue by christmas there could be one this three people in lebanon could be a refugee. ten the sheer scale of this crisis is the biggest challenge. and having funding to actually respond to this challenge is the main concern for organizations like world vision. >> we talk about children, three-quarters of children are under the age of 11. what kind of a future or
situation do you see for them? given the fact that it seems that they may be spending a long time at these camps. >> it's a very serious situation for these children. we are seeing them losing their childhoods every day. and it is happening right now. today is the first day back at school, and many many syrian refugee children will not be attending school. these children are having their lives very seriously impacting. so it is extremely important that world vision is there and other organizations are there to help respond to this crisis and help provide these children with the very basic needs. just to give them a shot at having a childhood. >> in line with this and the fact that you do need a lot more funding what are you doing? what is being done to engage western communities in trying to be more involved? >> world vision is another
agencies we are talking with donor governments. we are trying to push the case, trying to show the huge need that is out there. and really trying to impress upon people that this is a massive crisis. this is one of the biggest humanitarian crisis we have seen in recent times. and the needs out there are enormous. so we are trying to get out there and tell the stories that we are hearing from around this region. from my personal experience, being in jordan one of the families i met had to flee syria when their house was destroyed. and they have to flee the entire family had to travel for days to get into jordan, and the mother was nine months pregnant, and gave birth just as she arrived in jordan. and so it's these kind of stories that we hear day after day, that we really try to get out there to the world. so that people understand that
while the numbers are huge, behind the 2 million figure there are 2 million stories. and each person is having their lives destroyed by this crisis. >> thank you very much, it's really good to speak to you. with world vision. >> thank you. >> the japanese government is spend $470 million to deal with the fukushima nuclear disaster. now hones of tons of water have been leaking into the sea daily since that plant was hit. the government says it will build shielding walls to stop the leaks. >> in c official news agent that reports that it was at the center of the corruption investigation, he used to be the chairman of china's biggest oil company. four top executives from that company are already under investigation. harry faucet has more from beijing. >> we only know that je ginning is accused of serious reaches of
party discipline, we don't have any more detail. he has only been in the post which overseas the 100 biggest companies since march. before that he spent his career in the oil industry. as chairman of the biggest oil company. what is interesting is there are three other figures from that sector also under investigation over corruption is being seen by some on servers as a shot across the bows of an entire sector of the chineseky, one that could perhaps stand to lose out from any big reyou remember toes announced is not coming meeting of the chinese party in november. swell that, he has links to two important men. the former head of the party, a party star who was himself put on trial for corruption just a couple of weeks ago, in h the biggest news story to hit china for some time, and as well as that he has lynched to a much more -- he was until last year, one of the nine members of the
standing committee of the bureau of the communist party, an extremely powerful man, head of the legal and security department as far as the top etch lons of the chinese leadership. two fact that he was not replaced when the transition happened and the standing committee went from 9 to 7 as seen as that he grew too powerful and too unpopular. i think corruption investigations at this very high level in china are both political and personal. >> computer technologies giant microsoft is buying nokia's mobile phone business. it will cost more than $7 billion, microsoft will also get access to the patents for at least ten years. now the deal as seen as microsoft's attempt to catch one competitors. >> every year, tens of thousands of india's poorest cancer patients make their way to movement buy for treatment. they pay very little at one of
the most specialized hospitals in the country, but overwhelming demand some have little place but to call the streets around the hospital home. >> catching on a dusty patch of pavement, she does what she can to make her critically ill nephew comfortable. 2 1/2-year-old has a command rouse tumor in his nose. in h sec of his help, his family traveled 18 hours oen a train. a place to call home has been hard to come by. but treatment at the memorial hospital has not. >> the doctors checked his medical history and the papers we had, soon after they began treating him for cancer. >> despite the conditions these patients and their families face, they are the lucky ones. for every one person who makes it to this hospital in mumbai for treatment, many more across the country go without.
living on the streets while undergoing cancer treatment is far from ideal. but with low cost shelters full, and mum pie's property market expensive the poorest of the poor have little choice. >> every year more than 35,000 people come here from all over india, to cephalocost care. >> rate charges are a minimal, and a level which is a minimum. so the patient gets benefit for each and every part of his treatment at the very very subsidized rate. >> despite their financial position, all indian whose come here receive the same treatment. but efforts to cure the worst off financially, are often undone. >> they have to go back to their absolutelies or maybe less cleaner villages.
and that is where sometimes after chemotherapy when their immunity is very low, they are very susceptible for serious infection. >> the challenge that poverty poses to modern inyeah, and if more facilities to treat and accommodate patients are not built, these pavements may soon become even more crowded. al jazeera, mumbai. >> an american woman has finally fulfilled her lifetime's ambitions. she has become the first person to swing from cuba to florida, without the protection of a shark cage. andy gallagher has this report. >> she has battled jelly fish, the threat of sharks and turk lent waters. diana nigh yard also told her supporters she would never give up, and she proves them right, completing her swim between cuba and the quite in a grueling 53 hours. >> you are never too old to chase your dreams.
>> this was nigh yard's fifth attempt at florida straiths. previously she had been thwarted by stings an asthma attack and storms. but speaking before her latest attempt, she said a newly designed face mask would help her. >> i'm ready, and the jelly fish protection, better than it has ever been. >> diana's first attempt at a crossing was back in 1978, when she was 30 years old. and that failed she gave up swimming for decades, but in her 60's she was pack and more determined than ever, now at 64, she is completed a feat of human endurance that few thought ever possible. miami florida. >> it's been a year since the founder of south korea's unification church dies. reverend sun yun had millions of follows. now a family feud could tear his
legacy apart. >> reverend's widow now leads the church he founded and when the church held a commemoration ceremony, she led the event. reverend moon brought his branch of religion to more than 100 countries. five year after his death, his followerring seem no less devoted. there are more than 10,000 people from all over the world. a year on, and the grief still runs deep for some of the followers. but conspicuous in their actions are the ref rends sons particularly the two who were appointed to succeed them, and reasoningous affairs. in the months following his death, sons stepped down from their positions. some believe there's a power struggle within the family. >> what is happening is tantamount to destroying all the legacies that he left while he was alive, even the son himself said the position hurt him.
it appears that his mother made a division with respect to his intent. >> the church denies such allegations and says the changes are part of its growing process. dr. happen is promoting his word, and is promoting world peace. >> to their followers stories about a family feud do little to dampen their devotion. >> i understand that there's a disagreement among family members. but it doesn't effect our faith. >> our true parents are not just ordinary religious leaders they are the messiah who are here to create new history, they are the ideas have been implemented i don't see how there will be any problem in the church in the future. >> so far, the unification church which was built around the personality of one man seems to have survived its first leadership transition. but the true mother as she is known to the church, is already 70. the church's continued existence