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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  September 3, 2013 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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. welcome to axis. i am john sigenthaler. al jazeera has obtained a copy of the u.s. government report detailing failures in security at diplomatic posts around the world including benghazi attacked almost a year ago. a full report is ahead on america tonight. secretary of state john kerriry and defense secretary john hagle answer questions for the un7nate foreign relationships. they say they have reached an agreement for use of military force. that would ban aniuous u.s. use of u.s. armed forces on the ground. president obama has been meeting with congressional leaders in the white house. after the meeting, republicans lookeders john boehner and eric
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cantor said they support the president's plan but this was the reaction today if from syria's ambassador. >> from the united states of america, how could they act unilaterally speaking from outside the context of the united nations? who asked barack obama to be the bully of the world. >> breaking news out of asia, reports that a 6.5 magnitude earthquake has hit japan, located in the azu islands 400 miles south of tokyo. >> that's the news this hour. as i said, "america tonight is next. we will see you back here at 11:00 eastern. news
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>> we begin tonight with breaking news from an inclusive report from an aljazeera investigative unit.
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it contains a detailed report of security failures in benghazi and other areas in the world. it comes almost a year after the tragedy in benghazi. here with more details, certainly this is something that the people have been wanting to hear. >> at diplomatic posts around the world, the report calls for overarching change. dozens of men armed with rocket-propelled grenades and ak-47's, overrun the outpost in benghazi, and later, four americans are dead, including chris stevens. the investigative unit and distributed in the unit, exposes shortfalls in security at diplomatic posts around the world. it targets the department of state for turning it's back on
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security issues and putting lives at risk for 30 years. in the case of benghazi, the state department circumvented their own agency, and lessons learned from the attack. these are the findings from a five member panel of high ranking intelligence and law enforcement officials. around the world, kenya, south sudan, egypt, lebanon and yemen, we met with 200 individuals. report paints a picture of questionable decision making, exposing employees in high-threat areas to an unacceptable level of risk. and critical information has not been truly functional for a number of years. many years don't have secure
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telecommunication. security agents in washington, forcing it to other facilities. on the ability to sift through raw intelligence, every panel in africa and the middle east had an immediate need for an intelligence analyst. and this is not the first time that the questions have been raised. 15 years ago, simultaneous truck bombs exploded at the embassies in tanzania and kenya, 200 people were killed, including two americans. they hired want consulting firm, hamilton, to prepare a classified report overanalyzing security risks. an immediate need to create a new high level position, a secretary for security. and then secretary of state, madeline albright, approved the position, but it has not been
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implemented. it has an handled by the secretary of management. approved by secretary kennedy, who approved the outpost in benghazi despite the security concerns. >> because of libya, we had to have a forward operation there, and we had to have visits there by ambassador stevens. >> >> reporter: the new report describes kennedy's office as too large and complex, and by defining benghazi as a temporary facility, they were able to avoid security standards, exposing the staff to risk beings. it has demonstrated yet again, the vulnerability around the world. >> certainly, there's a lot of history involved, and joining us is phil reese, from aljazeera.
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give us background on this. >> >> reporter: one of the things that i think surprised the authors of the report is when they looked back, they found that many of their recommendations had been made before. the source of that was almost three decades ago. april in 19983, a building in beirut, 63 people, mostly embassy staff, died. six months later in beirut, a hijacked truck crashed through a 5-foot high barrier of wire and barracks. 241 american citizens died. president reg o reagan commissia report for requirements of u.s. diplomatic missions. he discovered that security was a low priority.
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>> a large number of the career people were disdainful of security requirements. it inhibited the way they were accustomed to go about doing their work, and it forced them to deal with messy details that didn't interest them. >> reporter: the principle recommendation of the report was the creation of a bureau diplomatic security. agents would protect diplomatic staff, serving a similar role of the secret service, protecting the president and officials. it demanded a substantial building program. some diplomatic premises were to be renovated and sent to secure sites. initially, they had the security bolstered to comply with the security standards. > >> after three years, the building program slowed to a crawl. >> reporter: when the truck bombs struck u.s. embassies in
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east africa in 1998, killing 200 people, 50 missions had been upgraded to the new standard. those in east africa had not. a review board was set up. it was struck by how similar the lessons were by those in the inman commission, 15 years earlier. the commission declared in 1999, the failure of the u.s. government to take the necessary steps prevent such trans. >> >such -- tragedies. >> reporter: those are remarkable words. >> if you have a facility in a dangerous area, and you haven't spent the resources to upgrade it, you're inviting tragedy. >> >> reporter: the document obtained by aljazeera recommends a structural shaikhup, rather than peaceful reforms.
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as well as creating the underpost for the secretary of diplomatic security, the presence of the security environment requires a new paradigm and a significant cultural shift in the department was needed. 30 years after the inman report, the benghazi commission found that either the u.s. embassy in beirut nerey significant number of u.s. diplomatic facilities in high-threat areas met the standards. >> that's appalling. if you ever have a place where you're putting the people representing us in the country at risk, it's beirut. ir >> reporter: if the restructuring doesn't take root, the lives of more americans will be at risk. >> phil and josh back here with us, and let's talk a little bit about what happened since
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benghazi. were there more spec recommendations beyond an undersecretary? >> reporter: they made 40 recommendations. most importantly, the overarching recommendation, one that we have been hearing time is time again, the department of state needs to create an undersecretary for diplomatic security. and it falls under the undersecretary for manage: but that office handles other responsibilities, and doesn't, according to the report, have the time or the manpower or the resources to be focused in solely on security, which clearly this panel needed to. >> so when you are talking about 30 years ago, the inman report, the ainge i same thing is happe. happening. >> the state department had to reinvent the wheel.
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and it could get lost in other priorities. you had a new administration coming in, and the new secretary of state. so the urgency after these terrible acts, the bombings that took place, something happened then, and they're looking for a root and branch change, those kinds of excuses or forgetfulness won't happen again. >> so now there's this firm recommendation, you must have this undersecretary and what's going to happen? >> we'll have to wait and see. >> significantly, it has to be staffed. >> and we'll need money. >> we'll need money, is there a provision made for an investigative unit, or moving forward, some kind of security that amounts to this? >> one of the things that i thought was most interesting, there's currently no formal risk management procedure. there's a lack of accountability. no clear lines of authority
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s. no clear minimum security standards. that's all according to this report. and obviously, this is something that they would want the undersecretary for diplomatic security to focus on. >> we're in the situation now, where secretary kerry has other distractions on the table as well. and there a push? are there individuals on capitol hill that are particularly focused on this, and the need to move forward with the report in hand? >> reporter: we hope that this report does motive them. as you seed about secretary kerry, the attack on syria, and as we said, there's a u.s. facility in beirut. and of course an adjacent nation, and it does not confirm to the safety standards. and one hopes that that kind of information will force some people on capitol hill to understand. >> obviously we'll be contacting members of congress as well.
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>> when you talk about the security, is this a human capital thing solely or is there something that they recommend in terms of construction and facilities? >> absolutely, the report came out with far-reaching standards. if buildings weren't secure, they wanted new buildings. they wanted the buildings to be further set back. they wanted security, a permitter, so vehicles couldn't easily pull under a diplomatic facility and launch a car bomb. so yes, money is a factor, and obviously these types of changes cost a lot. >> but that's come up definitely, they haven't done it for three decades. >> and in the year since benghazi, this is prima facia that you would need to act on these, and have those things occurred, even in the absence of a full report? >> well, secretary of state, hillary clinton, did testify
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before the senate, saying that they're implementing changes, the members of the senate talked about providing resources and the importance to do this. well, we've heard that before. and we have to see what happens now. >> jerry, if i could, the report says that they need to align security management with the realities of the post-9/11 environment. it has not matched the resources. >> reporter: thank you very much for being here. and ahead on america tonight. we turn to syria, and the latest on the showdown in the senate. we'll be right back in a moment.
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>> the white house took its flooding the scone strategy to capitol hill today, with president obama's most credible military men making the case on the strike against syria. a passionate and convincing push for support. even amid growing signals of resistance coming from the voters at home. as kerry and his team emerged from the grilling session, there are signs that he won over critical senators, but a tough sell made with sharp words coming from the right. >> there's no real clear national interest for us in syria, it's an atrocity is it's terrible, and the trouble is, there are so many in the world, in africa and asia, and we don't have a clear cut national interest there, and i'm not sure which side is the worst, whether it's assad or the islamic rebel
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beings, and i don't think that either of them being in power will be an ally to the united states. >> casey spent the day here on capitol hill. and these are late-breaking developments coming up and this is important. >> we're seeing developments out of the foreign relations committee. and this is a committee led by senator bob menendez, and about some things, they have unified to come up with a new resolution and language to what the senate could sign-off on and do. it calls for 60 days, only a 60-day window for the president to act after he gets approval by congress with a 30-day possible extension if the president can make the case that he needs it. it calls for limited and tailored strikes. senator corker was concerned
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about the forces, against president assad of syria, they're so fractured, and we have seen so many fractions. what the u.s. considers to be modern forces bedded and get support. so he's calling for the white house to get support over the next couple of weeks. it goes through who the modern groups would be and how the u.s. could align themselves with them. >> let's talk about the present situation, he sent three of his top voices on military affairs to talk about this, and is there i could case of what is good support, and when they come up with a draft legislation like this, it appears that some are falling along. >> we heard from the president himself, as well as secretary kerry and the rest of the white house team. but they have had concerns about limiting this, and also, no boots on the ground. and that's a big refrain, we
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heard repeated over is over again. especially from secretary kerry. constituents are war weary and worried about getting the u.s. involved in a war overseas. this called for no bots on the ground and no american troops fighting in a war. that's going to alleviate some concerns. the republicans are a harder sell and they're all over the map. some hawkish ones want more action and the more of a conservative effort to change what's happening in syria, and rand paul is emerging as a libertarian leader in the senate. and the possibly a presidential candidate, saying, too much. >> we're not strictly divided on partisan lines, and part of this is positioning in. >> yes, they have a stronger
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argument when they go into the negotiations. we expect to see the foreign relations committee do a mockup tomorrow. they will get a classified briefing behind closed doors, and they will come up, and how it will change to make them happy. very vocal concerns. from president obama, declaring the war in iraq. what it means over mission accomplished. is it weapons being destroyed? is it assad out of power? what does it mean? >> so on that particular point, military voices are very important here. setting up senator kerry, opposition to vietnam, and having general dempsey there, and secretary hagel in place.
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why is it so important that the president sent up all three of his big guns of war? >> three veterans in that group who said, too bad it isn't capitol hill and the veterans of the military who can speak to the senators in their own language, and secretary kerry and hagel have come from capitol hill. and also have war experience. and we saw secretary hagel who was outspoken against the vietnam war, and dempsey, with credentials. they do have to get that military voice, but we saw disruption of the hearing today by protesters who were concerned. and secretary kerry said wait a minute, i too have been a vocal opponent at times of life and the first time i came before this committee, i raised my voice against war. so he's trying to appeal to the right and the left.
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>> meat, on the ground in syria, increasingly, syria's two year war has led to a refugee crisis. 2 million of the syrians have left the country, 10% of the population, and 4 million are displaced. inside of the country. a political prisoner, at georgetown university as well. and he joins the conversation tonight. looking to the homeland and the actions on capital hill, what do you see happening this? is it reassuring? >> i know that congress is facing a tough decision, and also the obama administration towards the syrian crisis. we, as syrians, see this as an opportunity to end the war, and i reiterate, we're not asking for the u.s. launching a new war on syria. we're asking for the u.s. and
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the international community to end the war that is committed by the assad regime against his own people, and the whole world has seen this. >> you were a victim of this, and a political prisoner and can you talk about what happened? >> i was in prison twice by assad forces, once in 2003, it's a movement, a campaign to raise awareness about the corruption, and the democracy, change for the better in our society. >> was it non-violent? >> it was a non-violent, peaceful movement that was shut down by assad forces. in the society.
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>> does it in some way trouble you that all of the attention is focused right now, because of this particular chemical affair? all of the attention of capitol hill and the world is focused on this, and yet, you've seen quite a bit of violence over the years. >> this is so unfortunate that the world has not paid attention to the syrian crisis until chemical weapons have been used by assad forces. this was the trigger, and if this is the trigger that the world needed to act, let it be. we need to end this war. over 7 million people have been displaced. the numbers that you see from the united nations are not the actual numbers on the ground. the crisis is overwhelming. the humanitarian crisis. the refugees. i was in one of the refugee camps in georgia, and i can't tell you how horrible the situation is there. >> i want to ask libby on this. is there sensitivity on the hill? we heard rand paul's statements
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about obvious concern for the situation for the children and the refugees and the chemical attack as well. but is there resonance on the hill for the level of humanitarian suffering? >> the children said to be killed by the attack have hit the heart strings of the u.s. government, but the people not just the americans who died in the iraq war, but the iraqis as well. so if the americans did strike, who would take over and what would fill the vacuum if something did happen to president assad. >> and what are the unintended consequences for the civilians as well. we're going to have to leave it there. and thank you for participating with us. coming up on america tonight, an incomplete american dream, the expectation of going to college, and setting up millions of students for failure. ç]
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>> and now, a snapshot of stories making headlines on america tonight.
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as tension escalates in the middle east, israel said that it has carried out a joint missile test with the united states if the mediterranean. and it had nothing to do with the conflict in syria. and the new span of the san francisco oakland bay bridge has finally opened up. it replaces the old structure that partly collapsed in the 1999 earthquake. it ran six years behind schedule. the start of the school year for students in pennsylvania got off to a rocky start. close to 400 students on the picket line, teachers, representing three districts across the united states walked out after a break in the contract discussions. the leaders are at odds over pay and healthcare issues. across the country, millions of college students are headed to class, and they are facing a grim reality. the new study from the census
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bureau said that the college rate dropped by almost half a million students, and we found that only half of the students in the united states actually graduate. a hard look now at our dropout nation. >> reporter: it's the arlington county fair, and adam is spreading the word about a non-profit for people in need of a second chance. he's also looking to get back on his feet. he has dropped out of college, not once, not twice, but three times. >> i bit off more than i could chew, basically. >> reporter: ham has plenty of company. he's one of the estimated 37 million college dropouts in the united states. the u.s. higher education once the envy of the world, now ranks dead last among leading countries in college education
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rates. like most, adam hamm took it for granted that he would go to ledge and get a°. >> i had all of these lofty goals, and this is the way it's going to be and it's going to be fantastic. >> reporter: after all, his grandfather worked his way through college, his mother and stepfather were teachers, and adam hamm did well in high school, graduating ninth in his class of 230. but as a freshman at chapelhill, his college plans unraveled. >> i was so overwhelmed, that i was literally having anxiety attacks, almost panic attacks, and i got to where i was afraid to even leave my room. i couldn't go to class. i would miss one class on monday, and then wednesday comes around and i'm afraid to go, oh, my god, i missed monday.
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and i don't want to be embarrassed >> reporter: but dropping out was embarrassing. that's because most college dropouts don't end up like bill gates or steve jobs, rich and successful without a college degree. tony is a white house adviser on higher education. are we becoming a nation of dropouts? >> we're becoming a nation where everybody feels the need to two to college, and not everybody is prepared or gets enough money, and not everybody has enough guidance and doesn't know what to do or how to do it. and we have a huge failure rate. >> >> reporter: the college dropout rate, now the highest since the u.s. started keeping track 40 years ago. 45%. that's right, almost half of all students never finish college. >> the dropout rates are growing pretty dramatically because more and more of us are going. more and more students who are
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lower income and are not nearly as well prepared or who don't have the money are going. and essentially, what's happening is, you've got to go. the society doesn't take responsibility for you the way today when you're in high school. if we had a high school graduation of rate of 55% in america, we would see that as a catastrophe. we don't really think a college dropout rate of 45% is a catastrophe. but it is for the people who drop out. >> reporter: elizabeth williams is a 30-year-old daughter of a mexican immigrant. for the last three years, she has juggled motherhood, clerical jobs and school. >> my parents always pushed me, go to college, do what i didn't do, and that's what i'm trying to do. and that's why it's very important. because i don't want them to grow up the way i d i want them to grow up better.
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>> reporter: williams is part of the growing trend. these days, one in four college students have children. the 30-year-old was on track to graduate this year. but after a minor mistake with her financial aid paperwork, elizabeth williams' dreams came crashing down. >> you dropped out this summer, and what happened? >> reporter: i got a letter in the mail, if you don't pay $1,200 by august 12th, we're going to cancel your fall classes. and it's going to have to happen because i don't have the money to give them. >them. >> reporter: when you got the letter in the mail, what went through your mind? >> i started bawling, i just felt like, um, all of this work. all of this work, and... sorry.
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i just felt that, not that my work was going down the drain because it's not. i said i'm going to finish, but i knew that it was going to take longer for me. i think of it was the most disappointing because i was looking so forward to graduation in december. >> reporter: williams is now $43,000 in debt. and taking another low paying clerical job so she can feed her children. >> the major difference we find in all of our search for students that come from more affluent families, and students who come from less affluent families, the students from less affluent families get to make more mistakes, they can recover, and switch schools, and get through because they have the support. the financial support that
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allows them to do so. as you go down the income distribution to students with less money, they get to make one mistake and they're done. >> reporter: we traveled to the heartland of america, lincoln, nebraska, where the dropout rate is 45%. we talked to a group of students who all dropped out. either because they ran out of money or lost faith in what a college degree would do for they. >> i knew that i was not going to walk away with a piece of paper that was going to get me a good paying job. >> reporter: what pushed it over the track? >> my dad had an emergency, and he needed a triple bypass surgery, and i had to send back that money, and i needed to save my dad and not the degree >> reporter: how much are you in debt? >> i think it's 10 grand right
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now. >> how much? >> $20,000. >> $8,000. >> reporter: mary, how much education debt? >> probably 35,000 plus, accruing astronomical interest daily. >> reporter: back in virginia, adam hand is deep in college debt, but now he's back in school again for the fourth time, taking classes online. hand enrolled in the non-profit western governor's university. it was created by 19 governors trying to boost graduation rates. using what is called competency education. students get credits by achieving skills, not for tame in the classroom. >> it's inexpensive, efficient, and i'm big on efficiency,
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rational and logical way to learn. i would much rather learn at my own pace, and get done when i can get done with it and go onto my life. >> >> reporter: it's seen as one solution to this dropout crisis. >> technology is in a sense the hail mary pass to education. it is our hope that technology will allow us to produce a lot more higher education and to get it to people on a lot cheaper basis. >> reporter: but like too many dropouts, elizabeth williams is stuck, her checkbook empty, her college on hold. and her bachelor's degree in criminal justice still at least a year off. >> how did you think that having this career would change your family? >> today definitely change it financially, right now, it's a big struggle >> reporter: but you're still going to do it. but not in the time you want it.
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>> correct. >> that's from our correspondent, adam may. still to come, we're going to follow up on the topic with a closer look at the value of a college education. you can figure that out. and aaron smith, fighting to make higher education more affordable.
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>> more on aljazeera's exclusive report on u.s. security flaws before the benghazi attack. we'll she see you at the top of the hour. >> thousand we continue our conversation on the rising costs of a college education, but we're asking, is it worth it? joining us from san francisco tonight, continuing the discussion is dale stevens, the founder of uncollege. a social move. dedicated to the changing social believe that college is the only path to success. and he wrote a book, hacking your college education, and you might want to explain that. and the director of young
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invincibles.org. developing policies to make college affordable and accessible to all. dale, let's start with you, tell us about uncollege, does that mean don't go to college? >> uncollege is a social event that helps people take control of their college education, and it's self directed homeschooling, and we work with people to make them better and more effective learners, the skills that schools are supposed to teach, and how to find mentors. the things that school never actually bothers to tell you. >> did you go to college? >> i went to college for six months and dropped out 2 and a half years ago. >> do you feel you're missing anything in your own education by doing this? >> not at all, if anything, the experience of having to create your own education is more
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holistic than going to an actual college. having someone tell me what to do and evaluate my work, i have to find those resources and evaluate what i'm doing myself. >> aaron, let's talk about dale for a moment. do you feel that he's missing anything? you we want to college. >> to point out that college is worth it. college graduates make about 80% more on average, and they have 2 to 3 times less unemployment rates, and the point is that college is worth it, but is our system working for americans? right now, we see a divide. we see people trying to go to college, and do the right thing, but often finding the cost and student debt unbearable. >> and that happened in your case too? >> i certainly felt the brunt of student debt. >> you have a very advanced education, tell us about that. >> i have a law degree. >> and you went to a very fine
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undergraduate program. i have about $80,000 in student debt. >> so from this, you started a non-profit. and what do you say? are you encouraging people to not incur the kind of debt you did by not going to college and law school. >> behind invincibles, people have to have a voice in changing education and the public policy that's don't work for our generation. so when we look at costs going up 5, 6, 7% every year, and student debt, $8 billion, we have to make college more affordable and provide more information for students, so they can make smart choices like dale is talking about. >> would that satisfy you? there are people who go to college and go on to make a bunch of money, and maybe the focus is miss detected. >> there are certainly value in
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learning, but half of them don't know why they're there, and certainly true for those over 25, but those under 25 who have college°, 20% are working in jobs that don't require their degree, and that's not the premise that we tell young college graduates that they're going to get by enrolling in the institution. >> you make a point. this is a generational divide. and people under yours are operating under different assumptions about what the value of education is going to be. a lot of people that i went to school with went because they wanted to read shakespeare or learn about music, or things that were never going to be profitable to them. and aaron, you studied history. you did it because you were interested in it, right? >> absolutely, and that's a good point here, there are different paths to economic success.
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we talk about stigma. there's a stigma against certainty° that's not warranted. warranted -- associates degrees. that are not warranted. and we need to be open to different education paths. and that doesn't take away from the fact that betting a post-secondary education does pay off in terms of your lifetime earnings. that's a critical point to remember. when we have a country where only 50% of the students are actually graduating from a college. >> so dale, is it really about thinking what success means? >> absolutely. we need to redefine what it means to be successful and stop judging people who are getting associates degrees. right now, the people who drop out, you assume that they're going to be judged and live in their parent's basements, but the reality is, you can have a
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happy life and contribute to the world. >> will you be a wealthy man, dale? >> yes, absolutely. it's amazing to see the amount of people who have been dissatisfied with the system and other people think their education is the same way. >> and aaron, what do your parents think about this? you're taking your law degree, your undergraduate degree and you're making not a lot of money in a non-profit environment. >> yeah, i hope my parents are proud, i think they are, they care and they agree with this idea that young people need a resource and deserve a voice on higher education that will redefine the future and our country. >> thank you both for joining us in the conversation. >> thank you for having me.
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looking ahead now, he was the sequel to an oppressive regime in haiti. bobe doc, hundreds of people behind bars, and torturing them for years, and now duvalier is facing his accusers, and helping the country recover from devastation. we went to haiti to meet the former president. >> this is exactly the flooring >> reporter: bobby duvall is a survivor. he served 8 months in haiti's notorious prison and leved to talk about it. >> 20 of them died here. right there. >> reporter: in the 8 months you were here? >> yes. >> reporter: duvall, a political prisoner was starved and abused under john duvalier,
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baby doc. the lawyer for duvalier called us up and said there was a place where we might be able to meet up with the former president, and we're heading there now to see if we can get an interview with him. we met at the peak of a hilltop restaurant in the nation's capital. at 52 years old, duvalier appears a shadow of his formaller self. ç]
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>> finally tonight, we travel back in time for what was surely a revolution. passionate, shocking and promoting salute outrage. now the footsteps of what is today recognized as a historic overthrow of tradition is featured at the national gallery of art here in washington. here's america tonight correspondent. >> reporter: picture paris, may 29th, 1913. a society turns out for an evening at the ballet. >> the curtain went up for the first act of the evening, a white tutu ballet. >> very classic at, beautiful music.
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>> exactly. >> just what the audience expected. >> and then the next act opened. and there was this pounding music. >> sarah is an associate curator at the national ballet art in washington d.c. >> then these dancers came onstage, slumped over, hobbling, wearing these wool tunics. the audience had no idea what was going on. >> the ballet was the rite of spring, there had never been anything like this. the story of a young woman sacrificed to appease avengeful god. the music, pounding, disnant, by a then unknown composer, igor stravinsky. the dancers, onstage, primitive.
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everything about it was new and shocking. >> in a few minutes, people started shouting in the audience, first murmers, and then shouting and fist fights broke out. >> so people were throwing punches? >> oh, yes,. you had people who felt like they were being insulted. they had mud thrown at them. this is utter madness, how can this even be presented as art? and then a few people saying, this might be the germ of something new. >> scandalous, shocking, ugly, parody, words that have been used to describe the shocking dances. while many of the iconic ballet performances today seem tame, they're part of the revolution
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that began in the early 20th century. some, like the firebird, have become well loved classics. of the nearly 100 ballets that came from the company in the years 1909 to 1929, none brought fort the ideas more than the rite of spring. >> you had this performance, a lightning rod for what art is, when avant guard was. for art to move forward, whether it had to destroy the past or not. >> the 20th century modern art scene. if you were an artist in paris, you wanted to join. pablo picasso designed sets and costumes, including this 11-foot center, and they had to dance in this. imagine dancing in this
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hand-painted. they tipped the boundaries of what art was or could be. >> suddenly, to be an artist, you didn't just have to paint a canvas or create sculptures or draw. suddenly art became something that was in three dimension, and on a wider public stage. >> it was the genius of the russian, sergei, who funded and drove the ballet roots. >> there are a lot of varying descriptions of himself, a great man and supporter of the arts, to he was almost a monster, very very driven, and he could be very demander. what he did was find artists who wanted to bring in the spirit, ththe idea of the sceptical. and he pushed them to experiment. he hired visual artists to think
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about the stage as a kind of moving canvas. >> which he continues to inspired it. these young men are from the academy, a new generation embracing the tradition of the ballet. >> he had a knack for combining new things, and discovering new things in the arts. and audiences respond. they did in his day, and they still do today. >> i fell in love with the idea of the artist collaborating, musicians and composers, and they all came together and were working. i really think that's really just spectacular. >> it was this cultural no, phenomenon. it brought people from different
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viewpoints and the political spectrum to see what made art. what was great art? that was one of the fantastic enduring things about it. >> the bali exhibit continues. that's it for us here on america tonight. if you would like to comment on any of the stories you've seen tonight, go to the website. and talk to us on twitter or our facebook page. we'll be back with more america tonight tomorrow.
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>> welcome to aljazeera, and here are tonight's top stories. aljazeera has secured documents about benghazi, an earthquake hit the center of japan. the trem senior located 400 miles south of tokyo. there were no reports of irregularities in the fukushima nuclear plant or any casualties. john kerry and chuck hagel answered questions today for the senate relations committee

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