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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 28, 2013 7:00am-8:01am EDT

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>> . congress is running out of time to keep the government running after the senate worked out one deal, house republicans will put together their strategy to push their own plan. the u.n. security council agrees syria's to get rid of chemical weapons or face consequences. a presidential conversation breaks three decades of silence. the next steps after president obama speaks to his iranian counterpart. >> cuban athletes are getting a chance to play sport in the united states without defecting from their home country.
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>> good morning, this is al jazeera america. it's a working weekend for lawmakers in washington. congress has less than three days to make a deal. house republicans are going over their options. makers on both sides of the aisle and within the republican party are divided. we go washington. >> well, there is a growing sense of pessimism on capitol hill as the question of a shutdown is up to a sharply divided group of house republicans. >> with no budget break through in sight president obama had a direct message for republicans. >> do not shut down the government, the economy; pass a budget on time, pay our bills on time. >> the president repeated his vows - he will not give in to demands to roll back the health
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care law. >> the republicans are so keen on apiecing the tea party. >> ayes are 54, nayes are 44. >> after restoring money for the new law the senate sent the bill funding the government back to the house. watching from inside the senate chamber house tea party members, who will decide whether to give in or carry on their fight. >> what do you think will happen on the house? >> on the house side - we have a lot of talk to do. >> almost all republicans oppose obamacare. they were divided on tactics, openly accusing republican senator ted cruz of showboating. >> the disunity among republicans, does it argue against what you are fighting for? >> it's unfortunate that senate republicans were not united this time around. i'm hopeful when the house sends bill back, that it will be an opportunity for senate
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republicans to come home, and stand for the principles we are their. >> with the gop fractured democrats are waiting to see what house republicans will do next. >> it's impossible for democrats to negotiate with house republicans when they can't negotiate themselves. >> house republicans will not give in. they'll send a bill to the senate delaying obamacare for a year. back to you. >> if a government shutdown happens the pentagon says more than a million u.s. troops will not be paid and half the defense department civilians workforce could be placed on unpaid leave. death penalty payments to members and casualties will be delayed. the united nations security council unanimously adopted a binding resolution on getting rid of syria's chemical weapons. the deal breaks a 2.5 year deadlock in the u.n. over syria. james bays reports on the decision that u.n. and world
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leaders are describing as historic. >> three weeks ago military action in syria seemed close. >> i shall put the draft resolution to the vote now. >> for now a different outcome. a unanimous vote by all 15 security council members to authorise the disarmament of syria's chemical weapons arsenal. a resolution based on the deal drawn up by the u.s. and by russia. >> together the world with a single voice for the first time is imposing binding obligations on the assad regime, wiring it to get rid of weapons that have been used to devastating effect as tools of terror. >> his russian counterpart made it clear what this is not. >> this resolution does not fall under chapter vii of the u.n. charter and does not allow for automatic use of coercive measures of enforce: >> there was plenty of talk about what happens after the
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meeting, talk of trying to stop the war, and a new date for the delayed geneva peace conference. >> we have agreed and it has been expressed by the secretary-general that the aim - i don't remember exactly the words - was mid november. >> the problem with that is that the syrian opposition have never said they'll attend the geneva conference, and the syrian regime is insisting that bashar al-assad should remain president whatever happens. the geneva conference was set for june. during the delay thousands more syrians died. >> the resolution does not allow for military strikes or sanctions if syria does not comply. at russia's encystance, they make clear there needs to be a second resolution to that. syria must submit chemical weapons data within a week, including names, components,
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types of munitions and locations of chemical weapons facilities. syria must destroy production equipment by 1 november and all of syria's existing chemical weapons material and equipment must be destroyed within the first half of next year. >> iran's president hassan rouhani is back in tehran after a busy week into new york and an historic phone call with president obama, the first time in three decades that the leaders spoke to each other. some see it as a sign of progress, others say there was no justification for the call. >> this was the moment the often angry relationship between iran and the u.s. moved on. the u.s. president on the phone with his iranian counterpart, the first top-level contact between the two countries in more than 30 years. >> hassan rouhani broke the news of the conversation on twitter, posting:
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>> from the white house, a show of respect for iran and the iranian people. >> i believe we got a responsibility to pursue diplomacy and we have a unique opportunity to make progress for the new leadership in tehran. i communicated to president hassan rouhani my deep respect for the iranian people. >> for his sign a sign that things are changing. >> >> translation: hearing mr obama, the president of the united states, he sounds different compared to the past. i view it as a positive step. >> the presidential poll came after this historic meeting, which brought iran's foreign minister and the u.s. secretary of state together. the last time any two leaders of the two countries spoke was in
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1979. jimmy carter was in the white house, barbar was ruling iran. >> relations have been strained for decades. there's a feeling that improved relations between the two unlock a number of international issues - most notably bringing the syrian leadership to a new peace conference in geneva. the new iranian president has been described as a moderate. his actions suggest there's a new attitude in tehran, bringing a new attitude in its dealings with a nation once revialed as the great satan. >> dealing with sanctions from the u.n., the u.s. and alyis for failure to suspend iranian enrichment. the material could be used to develop fuel for nuclear weapons and energy. a mag ni attitude 7.2 -- mag ni attitude 7.2 earthquake
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strauk pakistan. it was felt in the province. >> many of the mud and brick houses were destroyed by tuesday's disaster. we have a report from the enny center. >> even though the district of iran and the adjoining area saw 16 aftershocks from the deadly earthquake on tuesday, the government is reporting that this earthquake was a new one. the enny center this timing -- enny center was a new one south-east of tehran. we are told it was at a depth of 14km, which would make it a considerably strong earthquake. we are getting preliminary reports that there may have been damage to villages in the adjoining districts as well. we are trying to assess the situation to see whether there are reports of casualties. so far we have been receiving a
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report of damage, but there is still no official confirmation. the earthquake was, indeed, felt in the city of karachi, where people were forced to come out of their high-rice buildings, and -- high-rise buildings and we were told that the assembly was meeting in qatar and had to be evacuated from the building. another powerful earthquake, and that is happening in less than a week from the earthquake in iran. >> tens of thousands of people are displaced after tuesday's 7.7 quake, which was centred about 18 miles away. rescue workers are searching for people in a collapsed building in dubai. 32 are dead, 32 others have been
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rescued so far. a pakistani teen survived an assassination and has received one of harvard's top honours. she was presented with the humanitarian of the year award for promoting access to education. she was shot in the head after making statements against the taliban. >> this has been a year of extreme with weather. nicole mitchell explains changing climate patterns have states like california taking a hard look at what is happening to their environment. >> california is known for beautiful beeches and great weather, but climate change is taking a toll. dan is a climate change researcher. he contributed to a climate
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assessment tracking 30 environmental indicators in california. >> we are a large state with a lot of diversity. we have a lot of ways in which climate affects us. >> climate reports look at what could happen down the road. california wants to know what is happening right now. >> you can think of the climate change assessment like california going to the doctor and getting a check-up. there are problems in the health of this state. things like sea level rises, higher temperatures, and more wild fires. all attributable to climate change. >> california needs to plan for the future in concrete waves. rising temperatures put demands on a strained power system. sea levels, which have risen six inches and could rise 3 feet by the end of the century take a toll on marine life and threaten homes on a beautiful coastline. as the threats increase scientists say we need to pay attention. >> it's prudent to be prepared
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for more change and start thinking about adaptation. >> almost all of those who study the climate agree that what humans do or don't do makes a difference. >> in california transportation consumes the biggest part of the energy pie. the state is working to get people to drive less and cut emission. so far not everyone is getting the message. >> the public is below where they need to be in order to act on this as well as our decision makers. >> the next californian assessment is expected in four to five years. climate scientists say they hope messages from the environment, drought, heat wave and wildfires will help make people play attention. >> a report by the environmental protection agency found
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temperatures have increased since 1985. >> rain is pushing into the north-west. our metriologist is there with a look. >> we'll see heavy rain across the pacific north-west. it could be the wettest september on record as we head towards october. i'll tell you the reason why. we have an area of low pressure pushing onsure, several areas making their way across washington and the kaz cades. later we can see 4-8 inches of rain through monday as the impulses of energy make their way onshore. there's an area of low pressure out across the pacific north-west. the reason why the rain is pushing onshore. >> monitoring the cold front all the way from minnesota into northern texas. not only is it bringing rain, but the threat of winds and hail. we'll monitor the system as it makes its way into the midwest later in the day. >> look at how the line is forming across the midwest.
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when you see a line of thunder storms, that's when you get damaging winds and the line is indicative of that. we'll see more of that as we push into the later hours of the day. the front will cool it down. you can see the rain pushing across northern texas and in dallas there'll be a bit of rain and in houston. looking at temperatures behind the frontal boundaries, 67. ahead of the front - boy, is it warm in chicago. in the pacific north-west, the spin in the atmosphere. the area of low pressure bringing the rain across i-5 around the footfills foothills of seattle. >> an investigation into dangerous working conditions will have qatar's response to reports about harsh treatment to mying rant workers as construction booms. >> more water found on the red
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planet. we talk to the scientists behind the mission.
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welcome back. we may be a little closer to one day having astronauts set foot
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on mars. pretty cool, right. nasa's koour ofty rover discovered that water exists at higher levels than thought. it's exciting news for the curiosity team, including dr paul mchaffey, the principal investigator. good morning, he joins me now. thank you for joining us so early. >> good morning, glad to be here. >> curiosity landed on mars in august 2012. a main mission is to find whether the planet can support life. what has curiosity revealed about the amount of water and dust and sand. put it in perspective about how big a deal this is. >> the weather forecast you had had lots of rain in the midwest and north-west. it doesn't rain on mars these days any more, but we were delighted to find that when we picked up dust and put it in the
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lab tory experiment we developed in maryland we saw water in addition to other chemicals, but water was the main, most abundant gas we saw. it was interesting to us, and a big deal. it certainly helps us understand in the very distant future, perhaps, when humans are on mars - they might be able to extract the water and use it for life support for drinking and other purposes. >> that's fantastic. tell us about how curiosity works, how it conducts the experiments? . >> well, this is a big rover, the biggest that landed on mars. inside the rover are really capable lab tory experiments. on top of the mask is a camera looking for targets that we want to go to. we have a laser that can zap a rock and look at the emissions
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interest the rock and tell us what the chemistries are, we use the experiments to decide we want to scoop a sample or drill into a sample, and the sample that we analyse this time was a pile of dust and sand. we scooped it up, put it into our instruments, and shone x-rays through it. and with our experiment we heated up the sample and looked at the gas. lots of different experiments, but all trying to tell us about the chemistry and the environment of mars. >> we were hoping to find meth an, but you did not. how disappointing is that? >> methane is in the atmosphere, trace amounts, comes from life. one of our objectives in exploring mars is to try to understand if life exists now, but perhaps more importantly did life exist in the past when it
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might have rained on mars billions of years ago. lots of folks have been interested in the signatures in the atmospheres that might tell us something about current life, microbes that produce methane. if there were a lot of mars we may see methane. it was a bit of a disappointment that we didn't see methane. we are not going to stop looking. we are hoping to have a long mission and we'll see if it shows up. >> before i let you go, i could not let you go without asking - do you believe men will be on mars soon or one day? >> it's inevitable. mars is one of the closest places we can go to and have humans with protective gear survive and poke around. we are explorers, the human race. mars is really a logical target to explore. >> thank you for your insight and all your hard where dr paul
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mahaffey. >> you're welcome. a canadian police officer on a routine highway patrol got more than expected. this video shows a meet yore above the skies in canada. we are only getting the images now, but it was from last week. an expert says it was most likely a lone meet yore. min yap lis members of somali's community shows their support. they condemn the attack by al-shabab, which formed in 2006 in somali. many recall attacks by al-shabab back home, prompting them to flee their country. the host of the 2022 world cup in qatar called for an investigation into labour practices. migrants died after working in extreme conditions. randall pinkston has more on the accusations and qatar's
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response. the finance is in part by the country's government. >> qatar is in a race. in nine years it must construct 16 hotels with at least 45,000 new rooms and build or expand 12 now soccer stadiums to host the world cup in 2022. qatar relies on armies of migrant workers, the majority from poverty-stricken nations like nepal, pakistan and india. a million foreign workers will be needed in the next 10 years. they live in worker camps and work in temperatures hitting 120 degrees. international union organisers say many workers are exposed to unhealthy conditions. >> if you work long hours and go home to squalid conditions, where you prepare food in less than high genic environments, it's not acceptable, it's enslavement. people die from those causes, whether on the job from an
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accident, from heat exhaustion or from, in fact, health-related issues. >> sharon burrel the international trade union confederation says workers toil from sun up to sun down. one worker at least died in qatar every day. government officials insist there are health and safety regulations to protect workers. a new series of reports by the guardian newspapers targeted 44 deaths between june and august. mostly young men dying of heart attack and construction accidents. >> translation: some of the construction companies that sponsored migrant workers hold their passports so the workers cannot leave. one of the biggest projects will include an 86,000 seat stayed
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yux. an employer reacted to reports of workers abuse: >> labour activists say they warned fifa, the world soccer governing body about alleged migrant worker exploitation in qatar. >> 200 nepalese workers die each year and are shipped home in coffins to nepal. the same number or more from india. between now and when the first ball is kicked for the world cup , 4,000 - a minimum of 4,000 workers will die from just those two countries. >> head of the supreme committee, the governing body for the 2012 world cup , says reports of labour abuse are being investigated. >> the incidents are criminal acts under qatar labour law. when it was developed, it was
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developed to ensure its safety, security, heath and dignity of workers, labour otherwise in the state of qatar. >> the government of qatar should enforce employers to look at the cause and treat the migrant workers, give them fair pay or leave the job. otherwise labour organisers will call on the soccer world federation to look at another location for the biggest sporting event in the world in 2022. >> japan's coastguard recovered five bodies after two cargo sheets collided. the smaller ship capsized sending all six members overboard. the waters were searched. no one aboard the larger ship was hurt. officials are unclear as to what caused the collision. the syrian regime must destroy chemical weapons. on the ground in syria people are killing each other with guns
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and the situation is dire. >> the deadly violence on the streets of chicago is trying to be reduced by a summit being hosted for gang members. >> a gunman working overseas as a killer for higher. >> the st louis cardinals are back on top. more on that later in sport.
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more on that later in sport more on that later in sport "curiosity"
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welcome back. these are the top stories at this hour >> president obama promises that the affordable care act will not be removed from the bill. the president has this message.
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>> i will work with anyone who wants to have a serious conversation about our economic future. but i will not negotiate over congress's responsibility to pay the bills it has racked up. i don't know how to be more clear about this. no one gets to threaten the full faith and credit of the united states of america just to extract ideological concessions. >> house republicans will meet in a few hours to decide their next move in the funding price. the senate passed a spending message keeping the affordable care act intact. the bill goes to the house. the republicans threaten to stop it. congress has until tuesday to reach a deal or force a shutdown. >> the reaction from israel's leaders is yet to be seen after president obama and iran's president spoke in a 15-minute phone call, the first time they have spoken since 1979. it is sure to be a topic when
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israeli prime minister benyamin netanyahu meets with president obama next week. >> u.n. security council members voted on the resolution to review the chemical weapons from syria. as a diplomatic drive to rid syria of chemical weapons gains momentum, not much has changed on the ground in the country's civil war. fighting continues on a daily basis, and a government blockade is making access to basic necessities very difficult. our correspondent is in tabbingia on the turkish syrian border and joins us. >> what can you tell us about the situation on the ground in syria now? >> well, specifically we understand that the situation around damascus, the capital, particularly in the suburban damascus is quite tense.
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this, of course, is one day after that explosion we saw on friday, which killed more than 30 people, most of them coming out of friday prayers. there were funerals that came under rocket attack. quite a tense scene outside the capital damascus. there has been a renewed push by rebel fighters outside damascus. damascus, of course, is a strong hold for the regime forces. they will not let that go. it's important for them, and we have seen a renewed push by the rebels. in the meantime, of course, this kind of fighting, siege is making it very difficult for the people living in those damascus suburbs, the relief organizations, warning about the humanitarian crisis, the siege that people around damascus is facing. on the bigger pictures of that, really scary and heartbreaking numbers coming out by relief organizations over the past couple of days, warning about
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the extent of the humanitarian crisis, not just when it comes to refugees, but even if you are a syrian living in your own home, you have not been displaced, you are facing acute food shortages, save the children saying that 4 million syrians, half children, are finding it diff to have access to -- difficult to have access to food and are essentially starving. >> it is terrible news out of syria. how are people reacting to news of the u.n. security council adopting this resolution to rid syria of its chemical weapons? >> well, we have been talking to people inside syria yesterday and today since that security council resolution was passed. let me tell you, it's a very interesting picture from inside syria. some people haven't heard of that resolution because remember we are talking about a country
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that has been shattered by this conflict, completely - infrastructure has been completely damaged. some people don't have the luxury of watching television or having access to that kind of news. for the people who have heard about this news, there's a lot of skepticism. there's concerns whether the regime will live up to its obligations. the activists in the area outside damascus, where the chemical weapons were used are accusing the international community of procrastination and concerns that this focused on chemical weapons, forgetting about conventional weapons, the primary tool by which more than 100,000 syrians had been killed over the past 2.5 years. a lot of skepticism it said syria. >> that report from the border of syria and turkey. >> as syrians leave their homes and search for safety, some welcome them with syrian
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cuisine. syrian restaurants are booming in dubai. the population increased from 170,000 before the crisis to a million. that has let entrepreneurs to open restaurants to cure the sick. many appreciate the gesture, but hope to go back home some day. >> believe me, nothing is like home. wherever you are, you'll always look to go back to a country. it will remind you but never gave you the same feeling. >> several restaurants that operated in syria closed and moved to dubai after the civil war erupted. many fully staffed by syrians. protesters started the week over the doubling of gas link prices. the government is cracking down on protesters. 50 have been killed. the sudanese government it at 29. >> this is the reaction of the
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security forces against protesters in sudan. gunfire is heard, protesters scatter for safety. >> in carr -- cartoum they called for the downfall of the government. the protest came after the government cut fuel sub-sidies. the price of petrol and cooking gas doubled overnight. as the protest became widespread the reaction from the government was more intense. >> we dispersed using live ammunition. it wasn't a case of authorities trying to move peaceful protesters, but injure and kill protesters. they were shooting live ammunition. >> the government maintains the protesters have a right to voice
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anger, but won't stand for violence. hundreds of people were arrested on friday. no charges have been paid. >> these rallies are the biggest against the government of president bashar al-assad since june last year. sudan lost 75% of oil revenue, and it split from south sudan in 2011. that was a dent in sudan's economy. cutting fuel sub-sidies is saving money for the government. human rights groups accused the government of using excessive force, saying more than 50 people have been killed since the troubles began. they received many more who were injured. in some cases balances have been prevented from picking up those in need, suggesting the number of casualties may increase. >> the u.s. describes the crack down as brutal saying excessive
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force was used. >> a person accused in a plot, a retired army sergeant, nicknamed rambo were arrested. he and members of his gang were to be paid money for a double murder. he was a hired gun for murder. >> chicago is a city where gank related shootings happen every night. a summit is being held to try to bring the peace. programs are put in place to deter young people from joining gangs. >> even in a chicago neighbourhood scarred by violence, there's hope. for charles that hope comes from boxing. it's an outlet for anger, an alternative to street fighting and gangs. >> i can box, fight. i do it in a good way. i can go to matches and do that.
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>> the 16-year-old discovered boxing or becoming a man or bam at his high school on the south side. bam teaches you to channel aggression and control emotions through sport. >> >> just across town 17-year-old boy has found sank tuary from a program called build. it sueses counselling to help -- uses counselling to help kids interact. build convinced him to leave a gang last year. >> i came here. they said it doesn't matter what gang you are, you can be friends. >> with gang violence escalating in cities like chicago, a call to action was sounded this week. >> the cost of failing to intervene in the life of a young person at rick of becoming delinquent could add up to
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$3 million over the course of his or her lifetime. >> research from the university of chicago crime lab showed participates in bam committed 42% less crimes. that evidence convinced the city of chicago to raise $4 million from local businesses to fund private programs. bam and build believes they keep kids out of gangs. three-quarters of the boys advised don't have strong father figures. this man tries to be one. >> sometimes they see me in public in the mall or at the growsry store. they get a chance to see i'm living out the type of things i'm talking about and it's real to them. they get excitement about who they can become through the program. >> this year about 4500 kids will take part in bam and build. that's a traction of the 400,000
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attending chicago public schools. it could help a few escape gang life and the violence that comes with it. >> more than 1700 people have been shot in chicago since january. let's get a check of the forecast now. hi. >> good morning. in chicago it will be 82 degrees. a cold front is on the way, get out there and enjoy the sun shine. look at the map behind me. back in denver 69. between chicago and denver, that's where the frontal boundary is situated. it is on the move and producing damaging winds and hail across the midwest and the central planes. it will push in the minnesota and back into illinois. in chicago there's a bit of rain on the way. >> northern texas seeing rain. it could be heavy in dallas and houston. into this evening. be careful if you are travelling
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along the 35. take it easy on the road ways. tomorrow back to normal. on the backside of the frontal boundary. the wind will push in from the north and the west. we have an area of low pressure stalling out. you can see that it is drawing moisture into washington and coastal portions of oregon. that's where we'll see the heavy rain. i want folks to use precautions. you can use the trail of moisture across the foothills of seattle all the way into portland. heavy rain, and we can have gusty winds. today and monday we can see 4-8 inches of rain. this could be one of the wettest septembers on record. we'll have to wait to see if the system pushes onsure. here are the watches and warnings. much of the northern tier and coastal portions, flash flood
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watches in effect. that's all the way from today into monday - 4-8 inches of rain expected. i think temperatures will stay in the upper 50s and low 60, we'll get a break on tuesday. back in new york city it will be a beautiful day because of the ridge of high pressure. that's in control. we have a lot to look forward to. on monday we could see a stray shower. grab an umbrella and take it with you. >> thank you. major league baseball's picture is coming into focus. john henry smith is here with a look at that. you see the picture clearly. >> indeed i do. a week ago it was not the case, coming into the final end of baseball's seech there was one -- season there was one crown up for grabs and the st louis cardinals had a chance to
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grab it. they were keeping pace with the braves for a home-peopled advantage. they won early. runners on the corners. one sent into the left-field corner. matt halliday gets a safe passage. the team that brought their bats remembered to bring their gloves as well. john j wielding the leather in right center. the sliding catch - this was the cardinals night, beating the kubs 7-0 taking the crown. making a third-straight post-season suspicions. >> any time you win a division is special. this is the third time winning a division in st louis. each time you pop the champagne it gets sweeter. we had a goal and it was to win. a lot didn't believe it. the guys inside the clubhouse believe in themselves and each other. they went out and executed. >> switching gears - the cuban government announced that from now on its best athletes will
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not have to deflect to play in foreign leaves, they'll go with cuba's blessings, reverse the decade-old policy. we have this report. >> cuba continually produces some of the finest athletes on the planet. take major league baseball stall. he's set to earn over $40 million. for the cuban government he has no sporting icon. he and 20 other baseball players defected to the u.s. and the change of policy allowing cubans to play for foreign teams is seen as an attempt to change that. >> this is ultimately about an effort of the cuban political elite to reinvigorate the country and reinvent themselves as an open, confident, socialist country. >> in cuba professional athletes who earned around $40 a month will see wages rise considerably. top baseball players could earn
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over $2-00 a month. it's no match for what athletes can earn in the u.s. sports lawyer aaron resnick said current laws don't allow anyone to do business with cuba, making the new policy unclear. >> we don't know what it means. does the cuban government own the ath leet? does the ath leet own himself, is doing business with an agent from cuba or the government mean you are violating the laws of the united states. >> uncertainty remains over what may be an empty political gesture. >> over the years the cuban government denounced the theft of talented athletes that play in the u.s. cuban citizens can travel more freely, send money home and start businesses. the latest moves comes with tricky and political caveats. until it's clear whether the policy can or will work,
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relations between cuba and the u.s. remain frayed at best. >> finally to go.. tiger woods did not -- golf. tiger woods did not win a major, but it didn't mean he had major success on the links, he won five and finished in the top 10. he was voted the player of the year. he's won the award a record setting 11 times. this is his first since 2009, when his personal life got a bit complicated. that's your look at morning sports. >> i don't know what you're talking about what happened? >> we'll leave it alone. it's complicated. >> who can take control of the camera on your computer. it's not a trick, a lot of people don't know about this. we'll see what can be done to protect your privacy. why a lot of young people are rejecting health insurance and how that can hurt the affordable
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care act.
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still computer hackers can
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do more than steel information, they can spy on people through their computer cameras, it happened to tooen usa. jarrad james from california is believed to have taken nude photos of kaz iedy and other women using malicious software to control their computer webcam. joining us to tell us how it can happen and how to prevent cyber attack is jeff. a lot of people want to know how to present this. someone in this case has been arrested. how did he do this. >> well, there's lots of ways that an attacker can get into your computer. you can click on a link in an email, visit a website that is under the control of an attacker that exploits a problem with your web browser. you can take your computer in for repair, and the repair shop
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installs malicious software. it can be a usb drive. there's lots of ways the attacker can take control and get into the system. >> people are not surprised by hacking. i think there's something creepy about getting control of the camera. >> it's a very creepy thing. the devices, they have cameras, microphones. you enter banking information into them. you have social networking information. there's a lot of sensitive information that is in the devices. >> i assume we don't have to be victims. what can we do about this. >> if you are worried about the threat of a webcam, an easy thing to do is to take a post-it note or electrical tape and put it over the webcam when you are not using it. >> it sounds low tech and simply. >> and very effective. it's hard for a hacker to hack around that. >> okay. that's easy enough.
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let's go beyond the webcam. how do you protect yourself against hacking in general. >> if you have something like smartphone, you want to make sure you are getting your apps from a reliable source. there's a lot of sites where you can get an app for free, but it's a questionable origin, someone may have tampered with it. similarly you can go to websites that give you free downloads and software but could have malware that harms your computer. you have to be conscious where you visit. >> if you use the store that comes with your particular phone, mobilize you are safe that way. you are safer. you are never safe. >> fair enough. thank you for clarifying, you are safer that way. my producer left a note saying - if you don't have a smartphone and you don't have a landline at home... . >> no >> how did our producer reach you? >> email. >> why don't you?
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>> the landline is a separate thing. the smartphone - if you went back in time 20 years ago and you asked the nsa what do you want to have to track someone. they say we want gps, microphone, camera, we want to see their friends, bank tractions and who they interact with. that's basically on the smartphone. it doesn't feel like a good usability trade-off. >> did you miss it? did you have one and decided not to? >> no, i don't miss it. it's easier to go without it now everyone else has one. the things people need it for, when you are lost, i can go to a random stranger in the city and say can i borrow your phone. everyone has one and most are nice enough to let me do it. >> thank you, lots of information and charming. professor in the computer science and engineering department at the new york university poly.
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>> on 1 october americans will be able to buy health insurance under the affordable care act or obamacare. the group that the white house says is in need of it is unlikely to get insured. it's the millenial generation, 20s and 30s. they are critical to the health care success. we have more. >> stacy is all about healthy living. the 27-year-old new yorker is very careful about what she eats. she works out dally, but not part of that healthy life medical insurance. >>. >> in general i don't need health care. >> she started a fitness business and can't afford health insurance and is furious she could be forced to buy t. >> i can't comprehend working for 35 hours a week where i'm bringing in after taxes $250 a week just so i can have health insures that i might use once that year. >> it's people like her that the affordable care act wants most.
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the white house needs 2.7 of the 17 million uninsured millenials to sign up, enrolling young adults who rarely use insurance is needed to cover the costs of insuring older americans. otherwise prooemiums could sore. >> if they don't get a lot of young people to sign up the bill could become more expensive than the president thought it could be. he loses a talking point which was a selling point of the bill. >> the government will punish those who don't join, charging them $95 in additional taxes. >> this man prefers a fine. he feels it's cheaper than insurance. final costs are not set. >> there are many taxes, this seems like another one on top of everything else. >> to change minds the government launched campaigns urging younger americans to enrol. >> i'm young and need health insurance.
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>> it's offering sub-sidies and tax credits to make health insurance affordable. >> young people in the target age group will balance penalty versus premium. that's a tough position for bam obama to be in. >> it's a decision that this 30-year-old unemployed person is looking at. >> i'll look into whether it makes sense for me. i don't need to go to the doctor that often. >> yet smeale remains firm. >> it's not going to work for me. >> you have no interest. >> no, none. >> she'll risk the fine. unwilling to buy something she feels she'll rarely use. >> that's the end of the first hour. here is what we are following. congress has less than three days to work out a deal to keep the government running. the u.n. security council is calling for syria's weapons to
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be destroyed by next year. and relations between united states and iran have thawed. there was a conversation between president obama and president hassan rouhani, the first conversation in three decades. all the drama in sport in the nl central. >> heavy rain on the way to the pacific north-west. we could have 4-8 inches by monday. i'll tell you about it soon. >> al jazeera continues in 2.5 minutes. keep it here. thank you for your time.
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>> unanimous decision - the u.n. security council votes to destroy all of syria's chemical weapons. iran's president arrives back in tehran after his historic phone call with president obama to protests and chants of support. >> i will not negotiate over congress's responsibility to pay the bills it has already racked up. >> a political game of hard ball over the budget. president obama refuses to negotiate with house republicans, who refuse to back down on efforts to defund his health care law.

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