. the u.n. humanitarian chief says 40% of the syrian population is in need of assistance. >> hello there, you're watching al jazeera, live from doha. also ahead - caught in the crossfire. people in the democratic republic of congo are running for their lives as the army tries to finish off the rebels. one of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies is fined $2.2 billion for marketing unapproved drugs. >> and headed for the red
planet - the latest attempt to search for life on mars. >> the united nations says the humanitarian situation inside syria has considerably worsened in the past few months. the number of people in syria needing help has exceeded 9 million, more than six are displaced and 2 million has fled the country. the u.n. expects it to be above 3 million by the end of this year. joining us on the phone from geneva is the united nations office lens from the coordination of humanitarian affairs. in the past three months we have seen 3.8 million extra people needing help, it is an enormous
jump. why is that? >> it is an enormous jump, numbers are staggering. we are 9.3 million in syria are estimated to be in need of humanitarian aid. 6.5 million are internally displaced. this high figure is an incemental displacement which has happened over the past month. the last statement was made in june. now, since june it has jumped up to the 40% of the population as you mentioned. >> i'm trying to get to the bottom of why this is so. back in october there was a united nations security council statement urging humanitarian access to these people, and it appears since then absolutely nothing has been done. >> well, we have expressed our disappointment with what has not happened since the precedential
statement, which calls on all the parties to the conflict in syria to allow humanitarian access to the millions of people who are in need of help. now, unfortunately, we have not much improvement to report. there is still, of course, ongoing assistance going out to people just last month. we were able to deliver food to 3.3 million people inside syria. there were convoys who crossed conflict lines and been able to deliver some assistance into conflict areas, but it's far from enough. we still call for unimpeded, unhindered access to everyone. >> you have the syrian government blaming the rebels for blocking access. the rebels say it's the government. what is the true situation - is it both sides being as bad as each other? . >> it is the dynamics of
conflict that is resulting in this. there are areas where we need to negotiate and discussion with the government, other areas where we need to negotiate and discuss with opposition groups. we do that as imparagraphs and neutral humanitarian responders. we are not getting the access that we want. we call on them consistently to provide them that access. >> again, why is there so little resolve the united nations to change it. they managed to get a statement, but, of course, it's none enforceable. why can a resolution not be passed? >> well, as a solution - may or may not help, we'll leave that to the security council to decide how it goes about this. i think it is important that there is an expression in the presidential statement from the international community to allow us access.
we need to make sure that we do not get too entangled in the political negotiations going on about what happened in syria, because people need a [ inaudible ] regardless of where this is going. >> what is the most urgent area where people need the aid. what is the most urgent aid that these people need. >> first of all, they need aid in - basically to maintain - to sustain their lives, and to survive. so we need aid in all kinds of - they need food aid, they need access to clean water for drinking. they need medicine, they need medical services. the children need vaccinations, education. it is all sebbing to, -- sectors, all areas. the needs are needed all over
the country. i don't think there's an area untouched by this. >> jens, thank you for joining us. updating us on the dire situation in syria. >> the u.s.-arab league envoy is trying to finalise plans for the peace talks. lakhdar brahimi will meet five members of the security council. the so-called geneva ii is listed for this month. syria's opposition refused to attend the un-backed talks unless bashar al-assad is removed from power. >> the congolese army has been bombarding m23 rebels in the eastern democratic republic of con congo. rebel fighters have been pinned to hilltops near the city of goma. we have a report from bunagana, on how civilians are trying to
cope. >> every one of these rockets has to be loaded by hand. the government has been firing hundreds at the m23 rebels for days. at this base they prepare for another day on the assault of the remaining rebel conditions. this woman lives nearby. she's used to war, but has never seep the government fight like this >> translation: we had war for 10 years. we have to sleep in the bush, and run for our lives. people die of hunger, we suffer. we'd like the government to take control now. it's a big chance for us. >> closer to the front line these men reload a tank. the political wing of m-23 called for a ceasefire. the government did not accept. the bombardment carries on. then civilians start to come down the road with their possessions. something is wrong. they tell us the rebels fired
bombs into the town of bunagana. the government took it last week and civilians moved in. we reached the town, there has been many deaths. several bombs landed on the street, the main street of bunagana. normally it's busy with pedestrians and cars, people buying and selling goods. now there's body parts scattered across the roads and bodies - we can count what makes up three people. the soldiers say there were more. they were going about their daily tasks, preparing food, washing clothes. a saucepan or a basin is worth a lot. when the person next to you is blown to piece, it's more worth getting away. >> translation: all the people have gone to uganda exposed to danger. some have gone to rwanda, others
uganda. >> another bomb lands in a market in the next town. people pack up and leave. a few days ago they thought they were safe at last. now they are fleeing in fear - yet again. malcolm webb, al jazeera, bunagana in the democratic republic of congo. >> the ruling party and the opposition in tunisia sustaineded talks to form a caretaker government. they failed to decide who should become the prime minister. the party agreed to step down to make way for a temporary government. >> u.s. secretary of state john kerry downplayed strained relations with saudi arabia over issues in the middle east. on the second stop of the tour, john kerry met kink abdullah. he was reported to be unhappy with the u.s. over lack of military action in syria, and talks with iran. he said he's willing to work
with washington despite different views. >> in jerusalem on tuesday, he'll revive peace talks with the palestinians and israel. ahead of the visit prime minister benyamin netanyahu has been defending the building of more settlements. this is a crucial sticking point between the two sides. president obama has previously said building hundreds of homes in the west bank will not advance piece. >> deposed egyptian president mohamed morsi will have to wait until january to appear in court. he'll be in prison in alexandria until january. >> egypt's deposed president arrives for his trial in care. . he's been in detention at a secret location. as he entered the cage reserved for him and his codefendants, his supporters greeted him with the sign of the ain't coup alliance. -- anti-coup alliance.
in the public gallery others joined in. some shouted "execute him". mohamed morsi rejects the court decision, and claims he is president. the judge felt he had to adjourn the court for two months. mohamed morsi's son believes the proceedings are a sham. >> when you see the president in a cage, with no human rights, no legal rights, and calling for an emergency - it's not constitutional case. it's not a legal case. we are, in fact a joke. >> outside the courts hundreds of mohamed morsi supporters had hoped the court might dismiss the case. across the country many of mohamed morsi's supporters were on the march. this was the scene in front of
the high court in cairo. security forces use tear gas to try to get people to disperse. >> the people today are gathering around egypt's senior course because they say the judicial system failed their president. >> that is a feeling shared by members of mohamed morsi's legal team. >> president mohamed morsi is strong. he is determined that he is the president still and this court is not able to try such cases. >> once the case was adjourned mohamed morsi was flown to the prison near alexandria. his next appearance in court is scheduled for january 2014. . still ahead - a children's rights organization warns of an epidemic of youngsters being paid to perform sex acts on webcams. and hundreds of secret
rebels in the east of democratic republic of congo. rebel fighters are pinned to the hilltops near the city of goma. >> the trial of deposed egyptian president mohamed morsi has been put off until january. a shopping center in the u.s. state of new jersey has been evacuated after reports of multiple gunshots. police surrounded the building after a gunman opened fire. it's not known whether anyone has been injured. a search is under way for the suspect inside the garden state plaza in paramus. here is how witnesses described the scene. >> a black clothing. >> my daughter is there. >> is she okay? >> i hope so. >> the pharmaceutical company
johnson&johnson agreed to pay $2.2 billion after allegations it marketeded three drugs before approval. it's one of the biggest fines improved by the u.s. on a drugs company. >> this is the latest of several mul multibillion settlements agreed to by pharmaceutical companies. johnson&johnson admits they bribed doctors and pharmacies, getting them to prescribe drugs to the elderly, children and disabled despite health risks or a lack of scientific evidence showing health benefits for patients. it's the third-largest settlement with the u.s. government involving a drug maker. >> through the actions companies lined the pockets at the expense of american taxpayers and private insurance industry. >> last year glachlo smith
client prom ated a drug for unapproved uses and failing to report safety data. according to "the economist" their fine as less than 11% of their revenue. with johnson&johnson - no individuals were held accountable. >> that led some to question whether big pharmaceutical companies see signs as a price of doing business. >> if you look at the fraud involved - it was systematic, directed from management, and then you look at the fine paid, 2.2 billion. that represents less than a half of what the company made on the drug in a single year. and it represents probably one-tenth of what the company made on the drug over the course of the wrongdoing. so it's hardly a deterrent to a future fraud. >> as part of this settlement a johnson&johnson subsidiary
pleaded guilty to a single m misdemeano misdemeanour. >> doctors and nurses working with the u.s. military have been complicit in the abuse of terrorism suspects. that's according to a 2-year study by military health experts. they were accused of designing torture and treatment of detainees. >> nepal is making an attempt to make a post-war constitution. voters will decide on a constituent assembly. the first assembly was dissolved last year. many are skeptical that they'll get their act together this time either. >> in the district of this small town, temporary police recruited for the elections celebrate the
completion of their training. this is the second time nepal is erecting an assembly. the assembly erected in 2008 was resolved. the town has been caught up in the campaign. just a few hours drive away in the village, people are frustrated. this man has voted many times >> translation: it is our duty to vote. but our leaders have done nothing. i promise you there'll be no constitution. >> they have asked people to vote for them. asking them why they should trust the process this time around. >> many things fall apart. nepal is going to make a constitution. it should be a government - there should be a party. >> some of the most contentious constitutional issues related to federalism and ethnic identities have not been discussed since
the assembly broke down. now there's a major threat, a faction of the mooist party is boycotting and threatening to avoid the elections. >> the district administration office is responsible for security during elections. >> our instructions are clear, if anyone tries to disrupt or spread terror, we should take necessary legal action. >> the maoist party attacked candidates and supporters. the government mobilised the army. some of the members of the maoist group have been arrested. now they are planning a 10-day long strike. >> translation: who is invited in the fight, have mobilised the army and police. elections are far off. they have brought in the army and are suppressed of people. >> there seems to be no way forward, except elections. polls are going ahead. many are unsure over who to vote
for. >> india will launch its first mission to mars in just under an hour's time. it's attempting to become the fourth country to reach the red planet. the mars craft will be launched from the indian space station and head off on a 300 day mission. it's expected to cost $73 million. we go to the university college in london, to a research fellow. great to have you with us. can you tell us more about this mission and what the craft is searching for. >> it is carefully planned. the spacecraft is going to be around the air for a month, and
it will be little by little increase speed and launch into mars, where it will develop an orbit there. it's a beautiful mission, i think, and has a good chance to succe succeed. we hope it succeeds. >> when it gets to mars, what will it be looking for? >> mainly, of course to understand the landscape, but one of the main things is trying to detect is the presence of gas that is produced by two ways - it's a gas in the atmosphere that has been detected before, but not yet properly, it's called methane. this gas is product of vol cannic activity, like vol cannic eruptions. we know mars is completely dead. the other possibility of methane in the atmosphere is biological activity. this is where things are interesting. methane is a gas that doesn't
stay that long in the atmosphere. it will migrate, it will go into space. a presence of methane in the atmosphere of mars has to be recent, recent activity, possible biological. it's a good aim, a cheap way to achieve this with this mission. >> it is quite cheep - $73 million price tag is less than a tenth of what the u.s. spent on their mission. how did they manage to do that? >> a variety of things. most money goes into the salaries of people that design and build it. certainly many in india is ch p cheaper and the mission is not long. it takes longer to develop.
they are using technology - the rocket - the rocket they are going to launch is a modified version of something. also the spacecraft is bulky, more than one tonne in weight. the instrumentation is simpler. i think it's a cheaper version of what the united states, nasa is doing in a couple of weeks. they are launching a spacecraft in the window because of the position of the planets around the sun. is this the window every two years when they go to mars. this is where we are in november. >> we'll talk to you again in an hour when the launch is set to happen thanks for joining us. >> hundreds of secret documents have been discovered in the basement of a military building in argentina, dating back to the dirty war, seeing tens of thousands killed, tortured or disappeared.
>> reading out the unanimous of people deemed dangerous by the leaders of argentina's military joounta. 331 people blacklisted. amoung them certainlyist, actors -- journalists, musicians and writers. >> translation: we found documentation of a folder analysing exclusively the blacklist of intellectuals, media and artists with different levels of classification according to criteria. >> it's a fraction of those targeted in the country's dirty war. >> riot's groups estimate up to 30,000 people were killed, tortured or disappeared between 1976 or 1983. >> the military coup led by general saw a brutal crackdown on left wing subverses.
the documents shed lying on how perceived opponents of the joounta were dealt with. >> the majority documents on the issue of the disappeared were about what to say to public opinion. internal discussions were about how to address the media and how to refer to missing people. >> thousands are missing from this period in argentina's history. while discoveries, trials and investigations continue, many families will never get the answers they are looking for. >> it's been labelled the grief. puerto rico is suffering high unemployment, crime and mass migration. there's this report from from juan carlos molina. the debt crisis is also looming. >> the family have sold just
about everything they own. mandy, his wife and two sons are about to set off on a well of worn path, taken by tens of thousands of puerto rico before them. >> they are moving to florida. >> there are better schools, a better education. i know my sons don't have a social study's teacher. they'll have a shot at a better education. crime is sky high. will i raise two criminals - no, i don't think so. this is the time to leave. >> one look at the bus lipping center say they can understand why people are leaving. businesses, houses and schools are boarded up. unemployment is at a 2-year high, there's talk of default. one of the early businesses still open on the main street is owned by a man who lived here for 25 years, but is thinking of going back to the dominican republic. >> the people running the
country have us all bankrupt. it will stay that way. we are running the business myself - me, my brother and mother, and are doing it for free. we are not making money. >> there are signs of commerce, but puerto rico's economy is shringing at an alarming rate. the rate is 13%. some economists say it's 3-times higher. >> the more inequality you have, the less healthy. >> that's where we are heading, if we don't stop the vicious circle, we are in a race to the bottom. competing for i don't know who or what. we will stop this. >> puerto rico has been in and out of recession since 2006. the island is $70 billion in debt. it's lost $200,000 workers, and could be heading towards default. the u.s. government says it's monitoring the situation. without financial aid life for the $3.5 million people that live here could be about to get