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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  November 11, 2013 9:00pm-10:01pm EST

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is. >> welcome to al jazeera america. i'm john siegenthaler in new york. and here are the top stories. rescue workers in the philippines are struggling to reach storm torn areas tonight. the main problem, there is no electricity in the areas of the typhoon. 600,000 people have been displaced. the pentagon says the u.s.s. george washington and other ships should be there within the next two days. secretary of state john kerry is defending iran, iran failed to accept that proposal, iran's foreign minister says
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kerry has issued conflicting statements and that considerable progress was made in the geneva talks. president obama marked ceremonies laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknowns and said the sacrifices of veterans was something the u.s. could never repay. those are the headlines at this hour. america tonight with joie chen is next. i'm john siegenthaler i'll see you at 11 event, eight pacific time with the news. we'll see you later. >> on america tonight: utter devastation already revealed. why the philippines now fears the crisis is about to get worse. also tonight: from saluted to shamed.
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on this veterans day, an america tonight exclusive. our investigation looks at those who have given all, only to find themselves abandoned by their country. >> they looked at me and told me i was a disgrace and should be ashamed for letting my family down and everyone else. >> the wasps, the bee. and extraordinary women. >> i never thought of myself as extraordinary, but i guess we all were. >> and good evening, thanks for being with us, i'm joie chen.
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on veterans day we honor those who serve our nation, a day off, parades. but beyond tonight, we ask some tough questions about defense department decisions that leave some vets abandoned and fearful for their own futures. in an in-depth investigation we probe the plight of americans, our america tonight exclusive report from correspondent sheila macvicar. >> this is iraq. are you can see his big teeth there, big smile right there, that was before his accident in iraq. >> jerald jensen joined the army when he was 34. much older than the average recruit. he was called to duty by 9/11, says his wife robin and deployed to iraq in 2006. sergeant jensen was the driver for a commander in his unit and by all accounts he was an
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exemplary soldier. in the fall of 2007 jensen's patrol was attacked, an explosive ripped through his hum vee, drove away from the attack saving his commander. that incident brought him a purple heart. >> you can see the stitching and then it goes all the way around. this was two months after that. and you can see he's had another surgery. >> doctors rebuilt his jaw with titanium. after two years and 16 surgeries, jensen volunteered for a second combat tour, this time in afghanistan. he was assigned to a remote outpost that faced nearly daily attacks from the taliban. soldiers called it barrel -- barely alive. six months later jensen fell and
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rebroke his jaw. doctors did their best to patch him up a second time. >> so they redid all the titanium. and before it was like right to here. >> half his face was permanently numb and now he had no teeth. >> are you beginning to think that maybe it's time for you to leave the military? >> yeah. >> that you just weren't on your game. >> right. >> you'd had this extraordinary career, these incredible experiences. >> my knees and things and my primary asked me if i had had enough yet. and you said yes? >> i said yes. >> he was transferred to fort carson unit warrior transition unit or wtu, a special unit set up to help special duty soldiers help them heal and like jensen whose military careers are over, help them transition to real
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life. once there, are his.officers were bent on getting rid of him. he had been tested positive for pseudoephedrin. >> they said i was doing ua, i'm all these medications and stuff. and i'm not doing anything illegal. >> jensen asked to be retested. but instead, wtu commanders told him they were kicking minimum out of the army for what they called, a pattern of misconduct. >> they looked at me and told me that i didn't deserve nor did i ever deserve and i was a grace disgrace and should be ashamed for my family and for myself.
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>> jensen's unit wanted him forced out with no benefits. >> not only did the army want to kick him out with no benefits, but with a dishonorable discharge. >> colorado springs gazette, jensen's home town. spent months documenting numerous battle-damaged soldiers forced out of the military without benefits. >> if they get forced out without an honorable discharge they get their educational benefits taken away, they can't even apply for unemployment and so they are really left with nothing. >> it's called chaptered out.
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tardiness or substance abuse or more serious charges like assault. some have traumatic brain injuries, both which can influence behavior and judgment. >> the number of soldiers getting kicked out because of misconduct have gone up every year since iran. the post that might be most affect by misconduct caused by ptsd, 67% increase. it seems to suggest that a lot of the misconduct is being driven by these constant deployments. >> since 20067600 soldiers have been chaptered out. say jensen's story is not uncommon. at fort carn carson they have sn case after case of wounded soldiers being chaptered out. >> the moment you stop individual treatment to an
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individual who is suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder, draw make it brain injury, that individual has a very high potential of developing are behavior problems. >> do you have any idea of why they are selecting individuals for these fast-track? >> these people become a better oburdenon these units. they can't replace them. they say they have a mechanism to replace them, put them in the wtu but the fact is you can't get into the wtu, they have tightened the parameters that nobody can get in. >> a wounded soldier can take up to 14 months, and a commander cannot get a replacement soldier fit and ready for combat no. the process is -- until the process is complete. >> we've been at war so long, and so many people have been funneled into that avenue that it is totally clogged. these commanders are stuck with
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if they try to get them out, they are stuck with them for a long time. if they decide to kick them out instead, they get them out in weeks. >> we asked for an interview, they declined. instead they gave this comment: the army will never discharge soldiers. whether assigned to a unit or to a warrior care environment. >> the army is on record saying that they will downsize the military by 80,000 if not even more and they're also on the record as saying 40% of the downsizing will be accomplished through administrative separations. so what we're seeing is part of their policy. >> similar cases have been reported at combat bases across the country from hawaii to texas to north carolina, and not just in the army. andrew long grew up muntin --
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hunting with his sister brandy. he was knocked unconscious when his hum vee ran over an ied and on return to the u.s. was diagnosed with ptsd and tbi. >> i felt as though my service over there was probably some of my best moments of my career. just how productive and how vital everybody's are service was. >> he was award he the purple heart and airman of the year but privately his life was falling apart. >> i was drinking pretty heavily and i knew there were things going on that could probably be looked into as far as the mental aspects of the effects of the deployment. >> less than six months back from deployment, long was involved in a d.u.i. accident in an altercation at a bar near his base. he enrolled in the military
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substance abuse program. military staff argued on his behalf but he said his commanders refused to connect his misconduct with combats related injuries. >> the soldiers they may be combat, combat veteran. they're not as sharp as they used to be. they want to get rid of them, the easiest way is chapter. >> america tonight spoke with a command are officer, he asked us to protect his identity out of fear of retaliation. >> if they have someone they don't like, they target him. they set up a couple of formations in a false place for that individual and they make the plan that that individual is going to show up there. and when they don't show up in the right place they're going to write them up. they'll see a soldier that is on edge, they'll push them to get them to lash out. >> a lot of these service
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personnel are being pushed out without any unemployment insurance, without benefits of any kind, access to the g.i. bill, any kind of support. what happens to them? >> the majority are homeless. if they don't have a family to go home to. i've seen soldiers actually taken out to the front gate with all their possessions and sat down. they don't have a car. they don't have a family. so they're out there with a flat screen tv sitting in the grass. >> in july, andrew long was charged from the air force losing access to benefits like the g.i. bill and unemployment insurance. his discharge form cites misconduct and drug abuse. >> there was no drug abuse found. i never came up hot on a piss test. when a veteran reads this they
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now look at me in a different light. >> do you think this is a deliberate policy on the part of the u.s. military? >> this isn't part of a deliberate policy but it's a result of a dizzy functional policy. -- disfungal policy. because the medical system is so clogged. because it leaves commanding officers stuck with officers who can't do their jobs. it creates an incentive at a ground level to get these guys out in another way. >> service personnel like andrew long has moved back to his parents' hues in oregon. for a while he was living on food stamps. >> jerry jensen's story doesn't end as badly as most. weeks before he was to be pushed out of the army, a general who had met and been impressed by jensen and his service intervened. she called for carson commanders. >> she called fort carson and said knock it off. let this guy out medically in a way he's earned.
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and they did. but the statistics show that lots of other injured guys like him didn't have anyone to call and they were just kicked out. >> today, jensen lives a short drive from fort carson. his health has deteriorated and he's still waiting for the va to approve of an operation that will give him some teeth. >> i don't think it means anything, because sometimes when i sit down with a soldier, they're so broken down by the things that have taken place, their dignity has been stripped and so when you sit down, and you talk to them, i have to remind them of who they are. you graduated from your basic training. you made it through the met station. you passed the physical. you passed the written test. remember that day.
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remember who you were then. >> joie, a colorado senator michael bennett has introduced a bill ordering a federal investigation as to whether the armed forces pushed the the soldiers out that could be related to their combat history or injuries. examined whether conduct and whether commanders and other officers have proper training to recognize and understand the impact of these injuries. because the senator has tabled the bill if it's passed it will take top priority by the gao and should receive top priority next week. >> unbelievable, hard to comprehend in all this. you talked about jerry having the intervention of a general whom he happen to know. >> yes. >> is there any way of appeal in andrew's case? >> there is an appeal process.
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there are so many soldiers, the military is downsizing to such an extent, there are so many personnel who are now leaving the service that the entire system is cataloged. if you get out and you appeal it can take a long time before they can convene a board. even though jerry jensen had his other than honorable discharge before they even wrote the paper it still took months and months for him to get all of the benefits he was entitled to. he is still short pay. >> is it like a subjective interpretation of who ought to be chaptered out? >> there is some anecdotal information that suggests that in some bases particularly combat base where there is a big push to downsize, that some jags, judicial officers have decided that chaptering out is an efficient way to get rid of troublesome soldiers. in many cases that we've looked at, soldiers had previous instances where, on return to
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the united states, they got caught drinking too much, or there was a behavior incident. and they were told at that time because there was a need for a large number of bodies for the surge in iraq, that, ignore it, forget it, you don't need to go to treatment, you don't need help. >> heartbreaking. sheila macvicar we're going to ask you to stand by. we'll take another veterans issue, and meet a veteran who is committed to a group, the largest group of are veterans is women, homeless women veterans safe shelter. want to point out, you're not in the same situation as sheila is talking about at all. a lot of niece americans have trouble recognizing that so many women veterans are now out and in need. >> yeah, you know, we have been serving for avery long time. and i -- for a very long time.
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and i think that stren excuse that we are the minority in a military population needs come to an end. you know we have been fighting for a very long time alongside our brothers dying following the same wars. but america still to that this day does not recognize that service and sacrifice as the same. and that has bed to the lack of supportive services and women veterans being the fastest growing homeless population in the united states. >> and the large number of that, veterans administration reporting that 26,000 veterans were at risk of losing their homes or federal vouchers to pay rent. that's an extraordinary number and women make up a large portion. is that a in particular issue for women reporting home? >> most of the supportive services are male-centric and half of the are female veterans
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are mothers. they only support a certain number of children or certain age of children. no veteran is going to want to imr be away from their children. we'll do whatever we can to stay with our children. >> finding work for veterans. over 30% of veterans aged 18 to 24, was unemployment in 2011. in 2012, 986,000 veterans lived in poverty. this is extraordinary. the women you worked with and those that chaz works with. >> airman of the year, andrew long when he returned home to his family's home in oregon, the only money he had was a food stamp card. that's it. jerry jensen and his wife they barely get by. there are many case where people are dependent on emergency room treatment when they have been
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pushed out. and in some case there are other issues. for many veterans there is are ptsd, many female veterans also report being victims of sexual assault within the military. and that adds another layer on to the kinds of problems many of them are dealing with. >> as you too, you were on food stamps at one point after your service. >> yes, i had just relocated to new orleans 2004 and got called up to iraq shortly after in 2005. i was training, hurricane katrina in august and was diagnosed with stage 3 cancer the very next month by the grace of god my cancer did go into remission but there was nothing for me. no supportive programs. had i been a male there were things open to me. but they are send everyone who
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has an illegitimate child. >> log on to our website al jazeera/america tonight. more information about our exclusive story as well as special veterans coverage. less. coming you here on america tonight. a desperate state in the philippines, typhoon haiyan. get them to lean where we want
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them to go but the us delegation that came in here, they told us that -- that quite the opposite could happen, that that could actually poison the well and make things worse, make the stress so unbearable that the iranians will see those sanctions as pure belligerence and then walk away. if that is to happen, it will be a dangerous situation because it means that the diplomatic path will have closed and what happens after that, well, you know, there have obviously been talks of a military option but the u.s.a. says that that should be the absolute last option on the table. they much prefer the idea of trying to talk to the iranians. they do not -- there has been no discussion of a complete lifting of sanctions. they say that possibly by easing some things, perhaps as the iranians would like to see an easing on the oil exports
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>> another mortgage has broken in the philippines and international aid agencies are racing to get aid to millions of people in the wake of the most devastating typhoon to strike the country. >> no power, no food, no water. homes, building, gone. bodies open the streets. hospital he overrun and medical supplies running out. so much of the philippines is cut off, so hard to reach, and the need is clearly overwhelming. >> we don't have homes. homes we need -- we need shelter, food. light. >> typhoons are a regular visitor at this time of year. but haiyan which the philippines called yo yolanda, was beyond
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compare. a supertyphoon it barreled through the central philippine islands. it leveled the city of tacloban. the united states has already dispatched foon food -- food and water. >> we have already begun to move supplies at the request of the philippines standing by to provide assistance. moved nearly 100 philippine military service members. >> even with more help on the way there's no question recovery is a long way off. with filipinos in america, watching carefully, offering prayers and whatever else they can. >> this parish is like 90% filipinos and many of them come from the part of the philippines, we have to do something more concrete by helping them out in whatever way we can.
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>> journalist maria russa. , where you are it is already tuesday, i'm sure they're learning more about the amount of devastation. what can you tell us now? >> it's the fourth day since the supertyphoon hit and still at this point the full extent of the damage is not known. you don't have real aid, food and water and necessities reaching the people that need it most. roads that are impassible, large swaths of this area is devastated, officials are estimating 90 to 95% of their towns are decimated, last night the official death toll was given to us as 1074 but as you know that figure may rise to over 10,000. >> this area of tacloban was
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extremely bad hit, is there some reason why that area was so badly hit? >> you have a category 5 storm. that area bore the brunt of the category 5 winds. and the bay itself amplified the storm surges, storm surge of ten to 20 feet high, hitting not only the bay area but higher inland. this is something that neither the experts or officials were prepared for. >> the philippines have seen many strong storms before. were they prepared for this? >> in the level of experience that we have had, yes, we get a an average of 20 typhoons a year and since 2009, every major storm brings major storms for this area. dumping more than a month's worth of rain in 24 hours.
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many don't know the worst typhoon last year also hit tie phone bofa we call it pablo here in the philippines we learned to deal with flooding but never winds of this speed, 315 kilometers per hour and storm surges this high. certainly, the government seemed to prepare given the experience we've had in the past, 800,000 people evacuated during -- in the coastal areas, we had philippine president aquino, giving a statement the night before but given the scale we have now it certainly wasn't are enough. >> journalist maria russa from the philippines vie skype. thank you.
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and to contact the centers and th
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>> now, a snapshot of stories make headlines on america tonight. you may already be aware of this if you have a teen aged movie
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goer but a new study shows that pg 13 films have become far more violent. gun violent have tripled, last year even more than r rated movies. fatherly advice from u.s. bishops straight from the vatican it was live simply, be pastors and don't preach ideology. iran has agreed to provide access to u.n. inspectors but future of iran's nuclear capabilities have stalled. earlier in this program we heard an on the ground report from the philippines after the supertyphoon struck there. although it has been four days, because of the isolation and level of devastation, relief and government officials are still struggling to get immediate crisis under control. downed communication and transportation links make
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recovery efforts very difficult. amid scenes of utter devastation, without food electricity medicine or other supplies how do other nation get that relief and recovery effort going? one person who knows some of the answers is retired lieutenant are general russell honore, after hurricane katrina on the gulf coast and he's the author of survival, joining us by skype, also is terry valen president of the national alliance for filipino concerns. terry i'd like to begin with you. have you had contact on the ground in the philippines? do you have any sense of the really urgent needs right now? >> yes, through our national alliance for filipino concerns we are in touch with community groups and organizations churches and n gos who are on
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the ground and also groups from across the country who are coordinating efforts on the ground. we have heard about the devastation, utter devastation of whole communities and towns that have been wiped out and folks right now who are finding ways to get aid to the areas that are hasheddest hit and hardest to reach right now. setting up are distribution points right now, through our coordinated effort called balsa. >> it is astounding. general honore, what would you advise, when things are so difficult how could you encourage them to do whatever is the first action that they ought to take? >> well, this is a logistics operation. and as we have said many times before, in the pacific, we deal with the distance, everything is
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long distance in most cases. in this case the nearest resupply point being in manila from the point of where the storm came ashore, this is a major problem. so, you got two approaches. you come by land, or across the islands for local redistribution, but the big challenge is how do you get ships there, and then how do you get the air field open so it's available for 24-hour operation. right now, we bring a c-130s in. we're going to have to up the game. get that air field open so we can bring in c-17s and large aircraft that can carry three to five times as much cargo because they're going to have a major problem with food and clean water. and once you get osearch and rescue phase done, then you can start coming in by ship with emergency housing and medical facilities. >> right. >> but it's a logistics problem is what we're faced with.
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>> terry, as the general pointed out it's a logistics problem. is there a particular, even if you can get the supplies in an aircraft on the ground, there people there who are able who have the availability resources to be able to get that stuff out to the individuals who need it? >> yeah, and that's exaggerate what we are able -- exactly what we are able do. these are people who are lived and worked in these communities and across the philippine islands and have survived several the typhoons and storms through history of the islands. what they are able do is find closer distribution points, from sabul and becol close are to the central islands that have been devastated. from mindinao, and having people
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on the ground who know the islands know the terrain, who have been living and working these communities, that's where our balsa effort is able to find distribution points as close as possible, people ready and willing and know the terrain and know the communities in particular to get it to those more directly in need. >> i have to ask, people in america get very generous and make donations. they north particularly the things that are most helpful. what do you tell those folks, hey i want to help, let me send blankets and comploating and so forth. >> we have done this in the past, we sent some material goods we sent canned goods and clothing and those things but it took over a month, the logistic things, getting a cargo container there, it may not be
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what is needed. our effort has been monetary donation he, to get it to folks who know on the ground what's needed. as we work through logistics then we will be able to pick up what those on the ground tell us are most needed at the time. but in the meantime monetary donations are coursed through folks who are there and know what's needed. that's our primary focus. >> general, can you underscore that point? people want to give. >> absolutely, we had that trouble in katrina, people wanted to send goods and it became overburdened. initially what you need is food water medicine. best thing people can do is donate. but in the coming hours and days, when the carrier george washington arrives tony grossi it will be a game changer. because it will come in with several dozen helicopters,
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spreading across the area, be able to go in and get philippine army in there to do the search and rescue and to start evacuating people. but the big thing is to get that air field open so it comes in with the supplies and they leave out with people. the injured, the elderly, and babies, that may be struggling with the help. so they will eventually shake this thing out. i only wish that those ships were on their way and they followed the storm in but that's something we have to work out in the world community. when we see a storm of this size going into the area like the philippines they need to be coming in by ship behind the storm so we can minimize the loss of life. >> terry is there any doubt in your mind that if people give resource he, and i think this is what people worry about most, whether cash resource he really will help out, really will reach the place it's supposed to? there's always been questions
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about corruption at the top levels of government and right now i understand the military is most focused on stopping looting. >> government efforts, efforts of other international aid agencies, i can't really speak to that aside from the fact that the philippine government is caught in a scandal of corruption, that even relief operations in the past and donation he that are supposed to go to the communities have been put into the pockets of the politicians in the philippines. there are a particular concern of people who are donating from the u.s. and around the world. our efforts are particularly we can assure folks that 100% of their donation are going to the ground in the philippines. philippine partners not profit ngos who are sending us reports of the accountability of donations that way. so through our website nafcon is
9:40 pm, in past relief efforts we have layered that the government in just this past typhoon were asking for the names of people. they had to register before they could get relief goods. and in a situation like pablo last year if people rose up against that effort to control the distribution of goods in a time when people are utterly devastated. that's what they were faced with. >> we got you terry we appreciate both of you being with us, terry valen and general honore. we want to thank them and you on this veterans day. >> and it's not looting, it's survival. >> we hear you on that. take a break more of america tonight after this.
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>> now to a veterans day story that came to our attention and you as well. more than 12 million viewers have watched the makeover of jim wolf, a homeless veteran struggling with addiction. if you haven't watched it, take a look. are have you seen it?
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it is incredible isn't it? the man behind that video is rob bliss, he joins us now. this is persuade extraordinary. tell us why you did this. >> hey, thanks for having me. so we did this project because we wanted to raise funds for a good nonprofit organization in grand rapids, michigan. we felt this would be good to raise funds for that organization but also raise that issue for veterans day.
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>> how is jim doing? >> jim is doing a lot better. it's the little things on top of the big things. everything from alcoholics now to, are i bought him tee shirts, two months later he still has the jacket i bought limb, so he is focused on tomorrow and not living on today anymore. >> is it possible for him to work? >> it definitely is. he has got job offers and stuff like this but this is the first step. the first corner turn. it is not the finish line. we'd be crazy if we felt one video was going to undo decades of substance abuse. >> there may be other veterans around who need this refocusing and help to get their lives back in order. >> definitely there are a lot of those out there. i reached out and said we needed
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someone who was a homeless veteran, someone who wants to change himself, believes in the vision and really wants to see that change with themselves as well. so he was the perfect fit for us from the start. he was always really passionate about making this happen. >> i saw him hug you. i mean he was really -- he just looked so excited and so grateful. what did he tell you? >> you know you can pick it out actually. you can read his lips and see that he said wow when he saw himself in the mirror and he said thank you, it was this huge hug, it was a big impact. i saw the emotion when he came off scene and gave me that big hug. >> what are his ambitions? >> you know that's a good question. i think right now in the past you know i didn't think he even thought about those things. it was simply what am i doing now? you know there was no thought about what is happening tomorrow. so i think really the focus now for him is just getting back on
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his own two feet. >> we see him there getting on his own feet and giving you that hug. is there a quick explanation about how he ended up in this situation? we heard about veterans really going off track after their service. >> and that is case. you know for the most part there were issues outside of that. and i don't know if that affecthim really but i do know that there are mrs. things that happened outside of that. for example he had a lot of medical issues growing up that made him tough for him growing up and developing as a person. and when his family died when he was in his 20s it really devastated him and made him difficult to cope. they were really his support system so when they passed away it was hard for him to stand on his own two feet which is why he fell into had alcoholism and addiction. >> rob thank you for bringing his story to all of us, really
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changed the whole picture of this incredible individual and your work as well. thanks so much. >> thanks for having me. >> still to come, the rise of some very powerful women. women who with grit and grace whether the storms -- weather the storms of world war ii. we'll explain.
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>> audiences are intelligent and they know that their
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>> body armor is the latest innovation by women in the military. which 2016 women will be totally integrated into the combat forces. some of the flyest girls you'll ever meet. al jazeera's chris bury in oshkosh, wisconsin. >> here at america's biggest air show, the annual extravaganza,
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in oshkosh, wisconsin, an unlikely figure draws an appreciative crowd. >> bernice b. hadoo is sharing the stage with an air force fight are pilot. 91 years old still proudly in uniform, bea is on a mission to tell everyone about the wasps, women air force service pilots. >> i didn't think of myself as gutsy, i guess we all were. >> this is the plane bea pilotduring world war ii. only a few of them survive along with a handful of wasps. >> zoot suits, early in the morning, before the break of
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dawn ♪ ♪ along came a pilot -- >> i think he started at the end instead of at the beginning. >> their voices a bit shaky now but their songs and stories are seared into the memories forged during the time they trained and flew together. a time when their country was under attack. >> everybody at that day and age wanted to do their part in the war effort. >> once i layered about the wasps this is something that if i'm accepted that i can do. and i would be able to be serving my country and doing something that i dearly loved doing. >> i wanted to do something for my country. that's -- and i wanted to fly, too. >> more than 25,000 applied. when, with so many male pilots overseas, the army air corps said it would consider women pilots. >> they're wasps, women's air force service pilots.
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>> only 1830 were accepted to be trained on a dusty air field in sweetwater, texas. >> it's pretty tough and it's not that anyone can't learn to fly because anyone can learn to fly. it's that some needed longer than others. those that could not live up to the timetable of the army air corps went by the way side. >> only 1074 wasps would earn their silver wings. at first the young female pilots flew in the face of sexual stereotyping. >> a blond her hair bleached by the sun you or i would judge by other standards. >> there was a lot of skepticism. it was the male ego that was injured. these women proved they could fly just as well as the men.
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>> they were sent to the b-26 school to be checked out on the b-26 and the male pilot stood in front of them and said, i'm not teaching any damn women how to fly. well, he had to, it was an order. but one of the women got even with him. she married him. >> even the commanding general, henry hap arnold acknowledged that the women were a success. >> if there ever was a doubt in anyone's mind that women could become skillful pilots, the wasps have dispelled that now. >> graduation day means they have grown up. >> the army became so eager to recruit women, it arranged this story on life magazine. >> on the cover is a young woman wearing braids looking young and innocent sitting on the wing of the plane. it really inspires the people in
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the country, we are really in this war now. >> their work was hardly glamorous. the wasps tested all types of fighters and bombers, they towed targets so the men pilots could practice with live ammunition. >> that was one of the most dangerous missions, these are men being taught to hit targets and sometimes they hit the plane not the target. >> for the wasp dying did she get military honors? >> no. >> the resentment lingers. >> parents had to pay for funeral. we did not get the flag. we did not have the star at the window saying somebody was in the military. so we were pretty much unflown. >> do you feel you helped win the war? >> yes. we were one wft units that
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helped. -- one of the units that helped. we relieved men for combat. we did everything at home that nobody took care of, we did. yes. >> home at last. >> as the war drew to a close the male pilots returned if overseas and the wasps would perform such vital roles stateside were suddenly disbanded. >> did you lose your jobs because men wanted those jobs? >> absolutely. >> yes, yes. >> we were winning the war by 19 no 44. by the summer of 1944, we didn't need as many pilots overall and the idea of women replacing pilots instead of releasing pilots, male pilots was unacceptable. >> for nearly three decades after the war the wasps were largely forgotten shoved in the back pages of history. they had to fight for the government to even acknowledge their sacrifice, finally in
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1977, the government officially recognized them. >> and in 2007, president obama acknowledged the wasps, the living and dead, the congressional gold medal. >> it was about time that the world knew there were women pilots that flew during world war ii. we were eliminated from the history books and it wasn't until 30 years later that our files were finally opened. >> and now when bea hazoo is honored alongside carolyn jen seng who flew combat applications over rawp iraq, the legacy is clear. >> did they pave the way? >> they absolutely did. i can be extremely fortunate that i could be a fighter pilot and not a female fighter pilot.
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i can be proud of their.time of need. >> they know discrimination in the military has not ended though their times were different. >> we were protectbecause we took our training -- protected because no planes could make an emergency landing, they just protected us from any event that happened during our training. >> and they are disturbed by recent allegation of sexual harassment of women. >> they are facing two enemies. they are facing the enemy in their front and they are facing another enemy at their back. i don't think the military has solved the problem of harassment. i think it's a disgrace to the military at this point that they haven't solved it. >> but now, in the autumn of their lives at least the wasps are getting the recognition and
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respect that was so long denied them. >> thank you so much. thank you. >> here, where airplanes and those who fly them are so admired -- >> how many mission did you do? >> bea hadoo and her fellow fly-girls are truly stars of the show. >> chris bury, we thank all veterans. log onto our website, tonight. join us we'll have more of america tonight tomorrow. tim ce
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welcome to al jazeera america. i'm john siegenthaler in new york. here are the top stories. >> the united nations says more than 600,000 people in the philippines have been displaced by typhoon haiyan. we are getting a closer look at the devastation tonight. it's estimated more than 10,000 may have been killed. 10 million have been affected by the storm. dozens of countries are answering the call for help. international aid is pouring in. the filipino military is delivering aid to remote areas since the storm hit. >> secretary of state john kerry says the u.s. and global powers were uni


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