>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello for our news centers here in doha and london, this is the al jazeera news hours. coming up in the next 60 minutes, desperation in the philippines. people are still struggling for the basics seven days after typhoon haiyan destroyed everything they had. anger in v -- sri lanka.
i'm barbara in london. i'll tell you how one french town is bucking the national trend against the roma community. ♪ first to the philippines where seven days after the strongest typhoon on record tore through the country, thousands are still without food, fresh water and shelter. french and south korean rescue teaming have now begun delivering aid. and aircraft areas are dropping water and food to isolated communities, but it is not getting to the people who need it fast enough. communications are down, roads are blocked and airports are damaged. the main disaster agency
estimates over 3.5 thousand people may have died. after seven days the situation remains dire. margo has the report. >> reporter: everything changed here seven days ago, and since then very little has. dead bodies still litter the roadside. while the living struggle for basic necessities. here people are taking carcasses from the slaughter house hoping they will still be safe to eat. and petrol is in high demand. this sports coliseum was supposed to be refuge. but it is also next to the water
and haiyan created a surge that reached the coliseum's third level. killing many people inside. pregnant with her third child, janice says singing helps her hope. she and her family are staying outside of the coliseum because the stench inside is too bad. police inspector was brought in to keep the peace in places like this, but his mind is on his family just north of here. >> translator: it is hard being away from family they are also victims. >> reporter: many people here are also beginning to worry about what lies ahead. >> translator: god gave us a second chance to live. i will do all i can for all of
us to survive and keep the family together. we're all suffering here, even the rich. >> reporter: a crowd gathers as another dead body surfaces. many say they have to leave the future up to god. >> let's speak now to the emergency communication officer for care international. she is on the line in a port near the city. you arrived by boat there. what did you find? saundra, i don't know whether you can hear me. are you still on the line? it appears we have lost saundra, which is a shame, because she has got quite a story to tell actually abher arrival.
saundra can you hear me? it's adrian finnegan here at al jazeera, you arrived by boat to the city. tell us about the situation you found there. we're not having a lot of luck here, are we? sandra can you hear me? it's adrian finnegan on the line. i'm being told that sandra is on the line, but she can't hear us. we'll maybe come back to saundra in a few minutes. this town was the first to be hit by typhoon haiyan. aid is now beginning to reach that area. >> reporter: this used to be a tourist town with a 16th century church has one of its main attractions. it's all gone now. it's in the east of the island,
which was the first to experience the fury of haiyan. >> only the toilet almost [ inaudible ] in the toilet -- >> reporter: what were you thinking? >> i think this is my first -- my first -- my last day of my life during the typhoon. >> reporter: this town is totally in ruin. the place where the supertyph n supertyphooninging landed first has to begin from scratch. it took five days for aid to arrive. the u.s. military is air lifting relief around the clock. they have taken control over the destroyed airfield. and also medical personnel are setting up field hospitals and people are queueing for hours to be treated. >> we are worried about infection disease obviously, because people are displaced and
there is no electricity and lack of running water. people live in makeshift villages with plastic sheetings, and they want to open the schools, but families are really cramped together. >> reporter: this man's house who hah was completely flattened said he has not received any help except for two kilos of rice. >> i'm asking the help and it must be directed [ inaudible ] for the people here. >> reporter: one week after the disaster, the people say their main feeling is one of intense sadness, for lives lost and an ancient town gone forever.
now to the rest of the day's news. david cameron's motorcade has been mobbed by protesters in sri lanka. they held up areas of missing loved one. he is there for a three-day summit. talks have been overshadowed by claims that the government has failed to investigate allegations of war crimes. >> reporter: a dramatic first day. shortly after the opening ceremony. david cameron traveled north of the country to meet with political leaders, and indeed to meet with journalists who say they have been attacked since the end of the 26-year long civil war. however, as he was traveling his car was surrounded by people holding photos and letters of
loved ones they say who have disappeared over the past few years, and wanted the uk prime minister to bring up the issue with the president. the president was due to meet with the media on friday evening, however, he pulled out of that briefing at the last minute. his spokesperson saying he was extreme extremelydy -- busy with all delegates. but he has opened himself up to questions that he doesn't want to have to answer. the un says that thens of thousands of ethnic tamels were killed during the civil war. >> reporter: a silent protest. they have been told they will never get their land back. >> we are frustrated. we have lost our home.
>> reporter: this man says he has lost his heritage. he showed al jazeera the fence that marks the high security zone enclosing 2,500 hectors of private home. most thought they would get back their homes. a lucky few did. but the military is now formally acquiring private land. land is not the only problem, hundreds of families say their loved ones are missing. this woman's husband was brought out of the battle zone for treatment. two hospitals confirm they treated him, and then the trail goes cold. >> translator: we must know either way. is he alive or not? are they keeping him or dead? my children are living for their father's return. they must give us answers.
>> reporter: they accuse the sri lankan army of committing war crimes in the last years of the war. this couple says their 25-year-old grandson was abducted two months after the end of the war. >> translator: a white van with two people in black sunglasses took him. five months later during an inquiry, i pointed out one of them, but he said he had only just started work in the area. >> translator: i want to see him with my own eyes, only then can i die in peace. >> reporter: the military fought a bloody conflict and hundreds of thousands of civilians was caught in the middle. the government has denied any wrongdoing. >> if there is any violation, we'll take action against anyone. >> reporter: while politicians
and diplomats argue, the tamel community continues its desperate search for answers. lots more still to come on this al jazeera news hour. more than 50,000 people in sew mollia are in need of food and water after being hit by a powerful cyclone. and in sports we'll tell you whether there will be one last swan song for this man. ♪ china is reportedly loosening its one child policy. there are all rights that the ruling communist party will abolish its controversial labor camp system.
>> reporter: this isn't official abolition of the one-child policy, but it amounts to the same thing. if either member of a couple were a single child themselves, they will be able to have more than one child. back in 1979 china had an exploding population, and it was a relatively poor country. now ironically it faces the opposite problem. it has an aging population. the abolition of labor camps is also in response to growing discontent that people can be thrown into these camps without due trial. it was initially set up in the 1950s, to force people to do labor if they can't agree with the government. over the years it has been used
to throw anybody into a camp who didn't agree with local policies. this is a way to show people things can change without the need for political change too. somalia's government is appealing for aid to help the victims of a devastating cyclone. mohammed is live for us in a small village. is any aid getting through there to people who need it? >> reporter: adreedian know, the biggest difficulty is getting aid to where the people are. some of the villages where some of the people have been effected by the flood died.
some of the villages where some people lost their livestock are, it has -- getting aid has forced some of the people to come out of their villages [ technical difficulties ] >> reporter: help begins to rife for the ravaged population. authorities say more than 50,000 people are in need of food, water and medical supplies. a few aide agencies are still trying to reach the stranded villages. >> workers and later volunteers, all in standby in one of the
places. from there they are going to carry the kids and walk in the bush, walking -- they are going to reach all of the villages, and they are going to treat the patients in those villages by -- through walking. >> reporter: the damage done to the infrastructure is massive. this is what the floods that follow the cyclone do to the roads. long queues of stranded vehicles wait. after waiting for the flood water to receipt, people can now cross on foot. no aid can get to those who need it most unless these roads are repaired. this is the only earth moving machine available and it is tuck in the mud. >> translator: we need help from the international community, and islamic countries. we need food and any effective
means of getting aid to the people stuck in villages. >> reporter: survivors have been telling tails of entire families wiped out by this. >> translator: my neighbors a family of seven were all killed. we found six of the bodies, but their mother is still missing. we have no food or clean water. i have to stay here with my sick son. >> reporter: thousands of livestock are also considered dead. but for now it's the toll on people that is immediate concern here. now if the destruction, particularly livestock, that is going to see people like the ones in this camp right now behind me that is going to -- that people are going to need help for a very long time. we are speaking to familiar list
who lost their entire hut of [ technical difficulties ] >> health workers and relief workers can get to them with the help that they need. >> thanks, mohammed. the latest from europe now from barbara in london. >> adrian thank you very much. let's start with a story that is becoming all too familiar along europe's southern countries. 12 migrants including four children have died as the boat
they were on sank off of greece's west coast. the migrants who were in an inflatable vessel were thought to have been traveling to nearby italy. 15 people were arrested. migration remains a highly contested issue in europe. in france, some are expecting an increase in roma immigrants. are expected to want to join the members of their community already living in france. the current roma population is estimated to be between 15 and 20,000. the government began to dismantle illegal camps. thousands of roma people have also been deported back to romania and bulgaria.
but a small town in western france is focusing on integrating roma. >> reporter: hard at work building a new road. he has held down this job for four months now. it's a big achievement for him. as a roma immigrant, he is more used to asking for handouts than earning a wage. >> translator: now that i have a job, i don't cause trouble. >> reporter: he was among a convoy of 50 immigrants that arrived here. the mayor sound a solution. he provided mobile homes for five families and persuaded neighboring towns to accept the rest of the roma. in most towns shortly after a group of roma arrive, you can
expect the police to show up and move them on. and a town that is doing more than just accepting the roma. local volunteers have set up a cooking project that provides a small income for some of the roma women. they take orders on line and once a week they cook and sell meals to people. >> working here is good for me. i can make 30 euros. you won't make 30 euros begging in town. >> reporter: but they have set up rules. one is that they must send their children to school, and they must learn to speak french. >> translator: it's no different with the roma than with any other immigrant groups in france who have gradually integrated
over time. it takes several generations and it will take time before generations of roma feel completely french. >> reporter: this is the next generation, and they already speak french like their classmates. the experience of this small town seems to contradict the theory of some politicians that the roma do not want to integrate. it all depends on the will of national government, the local community and the roma themselves to make it happen. serbian prime minister has personally urged the serbs in northern kosovo to take part in a rerun of elections there. he attended a rally. many serbs don't want to vote because they refuse to recognize the 2008 split from serbia.
and now to the long-returning dispute between the uk and spain over ji brawl ter. attentions flared earlier this year, when the uk accused spain of providing overzealous border controls. but the un commission says there is no evidence that spain has broken any laws. britain says it disagreed with the findings. the dutch prime minister has met the president in beijing. he hopes to build on an already strong relationship between the two countries. the netherlands is the second largest trading partner. at least three people are v
been killed in the libyan capitol after gunmen opened fire on a group of protesters. 33 others were injured. the demonstration came after clerics urged the people to stand against the government. socialists in chile is being tipped as a strong contender. a former president is promising to raise taxes and overhaul the education system. the closest candidate not 14% in opinion polls conducted in october. daniel reports from santiago on the main issues in this election. >> reporter: this is a 20-year-old engineering student. like tens of thousands of young chileans, she had no choice but
to take out a loan if she wants to go to university. >> translator: if i don't have a loan i can't study, but when i have finish my career i have to pay it all back plus interest. this system must change. >> reporter: education health care and employment are major topics of conversation between nicole and her friends. >> translator: previous generations were scared and kept quiet, but my generation can change things. >> reporter: started by students three years ago, these protests are now a common site and they have attracted other disgruntled sections of society. arguing that chili ranks among the worst in the world for the
growing gap between the rich and the rest. and the rest live in places like this. not shanty towns, but places where people are simply trying to earn a living, educate their children, and have what they feel is a fairer share of the cake. democracy was restored in chile more than two decades ago. but many complain that little has been done since then to fmly reform the system. >> translator: we're optimistic. the students have demonstrated that we can move the goal post. that has come about through collective auction. >> reporter: nicole has two younger brothers, they both are in low-paying jobs. >> translator: our wages are ridiculous. without the loan we would have to choose between educating them or not having enough to eat.
that is our reality. >> reporter: a reality which with so many ur grant calls for a fairer deal for every chilean. now a war of course never a place for children, but the sad reality they have often been exploited in conflict zones. coming up, we speak to a form child soldier who tells us how he escaped but will never forget what happened to him. and in sports just one place in the world cup finals. jo will tell you about a big european football clash. ♪ al jazeera investigates a man with many enimies... >> they told me they did not find anything... >> ...dies with no medical explanation... >> no liver cirrhosis...
no traces of cancer... >> was he murdered? don't miss, what killed arafat? tomorrow at 3pm et/12pm pt and sunday the rivieting conclusion... >> one other thing points to this being an assassination... >> killing arafat sunday at 3pm et/12pm pt on al jazeera america >> al jazeera america is the only news channel that brings you live news at the top of every hour. >> here are the headlines at this hour. >> only on al jazeera america. power of the people until we restore ou
all vitally required. >> the australian medical team arrived. >> this is a government warehouse that is preparing relief for the families most effected. >> al jazeera america is there with continuing live coverage. >> the water rose to half-way up to the second story. >> to find out how you can help, go to aljazeera.com. welcome back to the al jazeera news hours. thousands of people are still without food and water in the philippines. emergency aid is beginning to arrive, but rescuering are
struggling to reach some of the more remote areas. china is relaxing its one child policy. couples will now be allowed to have two children if [ technical difficulties ] sandra bulling is the emergency communications officer for care international. she is now on the line with us from allmark. tell us about the situation you found when you arrived there. >> reporter: when i arrived on monday morning, i saw a complete different scene of what i saw today. when i arrived there was a lot of [ inaudible ] on the road, rubble everywhere, electric
poles on the street. there were people outside trying to dry their clothes. it was very difficult to get through. but now five days later, it is almost a different scene. like the roads are clear. i see some shops opening again. i see people cleaning up the houses and the men are on the roofs trying to repair and give their family a roof over their head. so it is a sign of hope that people seem to have, and hope that their rives can be rebuilt. >> so aid is beginning to get in to the area now, and people are setting about the task of clearing out. what about areas further in land? >> this is a huge challenge now. here for the past two days, i have seen aid trucks driving through the city and unloading sacks of rice or a basket of bananas or all kinds of goods into the townhalls, but now
these goods have to reach the remote villages. they are starting now the relief distribution, but we still have to reach those remote villages who haven't received anything. it's now a race against the clock. >> care national, what is it able to do in this situation to alleviate people's suffering? >> reporter: care has been working here in the philippines since 1949, and we have a strong network of local organizations who are able to secure relief items such as food in manila, which reshipped over here, and which we are already starting to distribute. so we're focusing first on getting basic food items like rice to people instantly, but we're already finding shelter materials two we can help people
build a roof over their heads, but while we're doing this instant emergency aid, we already have to think about how to help people in the long term. shops have been completely destroyed. i saw an area where shops are no longer standing. the coconut trees are broken down, and people have lost their livelihoods, and they need help from us over the next years to rebuild their lives. >> saundra thank you very much. the number of child soldiers in the central african republic has almost doubled in the past year. there are estimates that there are now more than 3,500 children who have taken up nararms in th
are area. >> reporter: in december last year, pierre was separated from his family. he thought joining rebels would help central african republic. he was 15 when he was recruited by the coalition of armed groups that swept through the country, take control in march, but he soon realized he had made a mistake. >> translator: it's true, i fired my weapon, but i don't know if i hit or killed anyone. i saw people killed. i witnessed [ technical difficulties ] >> it has managed to release more than 150, but admits there is a long way to go.
we filmed several children in uniform at this government base in buah, it is clear that security forces still have children in their ranks. it's not just boys who join armed groups, 40% of child soldiers around the world are girls, like sophie. she says girls are also trained to fight. >> translator: they fired rounds at us all the time to stop us from being scared. we would sleep on the floor and they would fire blanks above our heads. >> reporter: sophie was raped by her commanding officer. she is now back living with her family, but reintegration is always difficult. >> translator: the children tell us they are addicted to drugs, because in the armed groups they see killings, they smell rotting bodies. they are constantly in contact with blood, so they take drugs.
sometimes the children kill people, and when they leave the armed groups the memories come back to them and they take drugs to forget. >> reporter: some are forced to join, others join because they have no education and have no hope of finding work. either way they experiences will stay with them forever. take a listen to what this young man has to say. he is a former child soldier from see area leon, he says that any effort to remove children from the battlefield should focus on the systemic regions behind it. >> when while you are running from it, you begin to see the world you lived in no longer existed. the way you trusted each other is no longer the same. the community structures collapsed, so you have to learn how to adjust yourself and be able to live in this condition.
so when you are forced into fighting. it's the only choice you have. when you are part of it, you can gain access to the resources that are available, but you normalize the balance. you learn not to allow sudden emotions to come out, so you will be able to live through the day-to-day things that you see, and that you yourself are forced to participate in. in my particular case it was the fact that if you leave you will get killed. and they made examples that if you did not do what you were told, you will get killed. so there is that coercion, but there is also a rhetoric of revenge. if you joins, when we make you join us, you can avenge the debt of your families, and make sure what happened to you does not happen to somebody else. so all of these things, and of course you get addicted to the drugs, and you know this is a way to survive in this kind of
madness, and you have become conditioned to that. there were children who were inaddicted differently. that they will be forced to inflict violence on their own communities, so they belong to the group that forced thoem do that. every minute that you live in a war requires somebody else to die on your behalf. either you do that killing, or somebody else does it for you. and of course if you are part of the fighting, then you have to do the killing now. the first time you shoot
[ technical difficulties ] >> and trying to keep the relationship on a more chordal note. but there is a lot of resentment, and tension regarding the [ inaudible ] between the african nations and the security council. >> what options does kenya have now? >> well kenya has said -- can basically say well, we tried to go to though
security council. they wouldn't listen, the next option is to take it to the assembly of state parties that is taking it to the hague where 122 members can come together and talk about sort of amendment to the -- the -- the wording of
the statute there, and they can appeal to those members with some kind of concessions and also put their case forward for the kenyan trial to be deferred again for 12 months. unlikely to be given at that stage, but it certainly gives more forums for discussions. however, because they did force a vote here at the security council, that may not be looked favorably on. a lot of countries feeling like they
had their hand forced here today. >> all right. many things. let's return now on the news hour to barbara sarah in london. adrian thank you. water pressure is on the minds of those attending an international conference in the netherlands. let's take a look at some of the worrying statistics that members
will be trying to address. 783 million people around the world have no access to clean water. that translates into roughly 11% of the global population. and supplies are being impacted. we'll have more shortly, but first the second part of our series on water and peace. ania reports from istanbul on a water dispute between turkey, iraq, and syria. >> reporter: turkey has been abundance of water, 25 river base ins. some of the biggest schemes on are the two rivers, but when turkey is finished with that water, it flows to syria and iraq. and how much is left is a source of tension between the
neighbors. >> iraq cannot complain about tygrus much. >> but it does. >> yes, it does. >> reporter: water is useful as well as precious, but when turkey looks across at iraq and syria, it sees waste. years of chaos in iraq mean the country's way of managing their water is outdated an inefficient. 40% of the river arises inside iraq, but it still blames turkey for taking too much. this man who has written the book on water law says turkey is not the problem. >> iraq and syria are passing through abnormal times
continuously. most of the water is wasted actually. so it was like that in iraq war and now with syrian civil war. they try to hide their wrongs, but what they are doing wrong at home could be curtailed by actually accusing turkey, not giving enough water. >> reporter: but in the near future turkey is going to start taking much more water for agriculture, and that means new disagreements. >> turkey believes it could be managed efficiency, equitably, in a fair way. >> reporter: war, pollution, and climate change continue to mud y the waters. we have someone from the peace conference. thank you for joining us.
first of all coming off of that report we just heard, i would like to get your views on this particular issue. where do you stand between turkey, syria, and iraq? who is right? >> who is right or who is wrong may s maybe not the right question to ask. i'm sorry about that. the tygres, eufrates is one an area where we like to talk about the conflict. flip the coin and talk about those countries a few years ago. they wouldn't even sit in the same room together. and now after lots of efforts from outside mediators and facilitators, and the goodwill of those governments, they are starting to sit together in the same room, at least undertaking
joint research, the process of resolving than conflict related to water take a long time. so it is just normal -- the process we're going through is just normal. but we are going in the right direction. they are talking to each other. what needs to be done to go a little bit further is to level the playing field between the three countries, build trust among them, and encourage the dialogue they have already started, and we will eventually get to a peaceful solution that is mutually acceptable to the three countries. >> building trust and cooperation in this case definitely helps, but can you foresee a future when water ultimately will be a finite resource and there just won't be enough especially in these areas of the world? >> well, there is enough water
for the world's population. it is true that there is more and more competition over the water resources. one needs to know that -- that the same amount of water exists on the globe since the time of the dinosaurs. the only problem is that the population is growing a lot, so there is more competition. there is increasing pressure on the water resource, and therefore, people talk about increasing conflicts on water resources. however, it's not the quantity, but the governance of the water resources and the capacity of the water professionals -- >> forgive me for interrupting you, we're just running out of time. you mentioned population, which keeps on growing. at your conference what kind of solutions or ways of app approaching the problem with you have come up with? >> the main one is to build capacities of future champions who can build a bridge between the policy makers and the
here is jo. >> thank you. we begin in [ inaudible ] where [ inaudible ] continues his fairwell to cricket. it wasn't quite the flourish the thousands gathered in mumbi had been hoping for. >> reporter: hundreds of die hard cricket fans lined the streets outside the stadium here in mumbi this morning to welcome the indian cricket team. this was nothing compared to the rousing welcome that master [ inaudible ] received as we walked into on the chicket pitch this morning. the stadium was full of celebrities, devoted fans, and of course his family, his mother, elder brother, and his wife cheering him on from the stands. it can only be described as a wall of sound that greeted him. commentators said they literally
couldn't hear what the person next to them were saying because of the amount of noise and cheering going on. everybody was cheering him to score a century. they wanted him to reach that milestone as he played his final match. capping off a 24-year long career. at least it was not to be, one of the greatest batsman in the history of the sport was balled out for 74 runs. at that moment, there was a stunned silence that descended on the stadium. people couldn't believe their eyes. they were in shock for a moment. finally realizing that perhaps this was the last time that they would see this wonderful, remarkable cricket player in his career, the consummate professional didn't miss a beat. he just slowly walked off of the stadium, pausing only for a moment to wave to his fans.
so india is still well on top after day two. they were all out for 495. the west indians slumps. there's plenty more on his final test match on our website, check out aljazeera.com/sport. the moscow drug testing la borer to is facing suspension ahead of the winter games. it may mean all testing would have to be done outside of the country. meanwhile extensive security checks have been put in place for those wishing to buy tickets. for the first time, spectators
will be issued a security pass which requires personal photo and data. they have pledged to make these the safist games in history. >> of course this might stop some people to go to the olympics from other countries, but this kind of measures cannot [ inaudible ] henrik is heading towards an historic ending in dubai. the swede is attempting to be the first player to win the fedex cup and race to dubai in the same season. stenson followed his opening 68 with an 8-under round of 64 on friday. defending champion, has grabbed a share of the league at the australian masters. scott who won last week's
australi australian margin finished up 5 under par. on friday two of europe's best players will face each other with only one of them reaching the finals in brazil. the top scorer will spear lead portugal in lizbin. they have done well under pressure in the past, reaching both the 2010 world cup, and 2012 european championships. >> translator: it will be a match between two teams that will try to do their best, and in which we will try to be superior, before a difficult and well-organized opponent. we will try to get around the swedish team so a player
like,braham cannot reach his potential. renaldo and his side will go up to sweden's player who himself had a hat trick over the weekend. >> of course, he is in really, really good shape. he is important for us. so that is important. he is believing in himself and feeling strong, yes. well, france are looking for their fifth successful appearance in a world cup finals, and they get ready to face the ukraine in the playoffs. the first leg will take place in kiev on friday. they failed to overcome spain for top spot in the qualification group. they won their last three
matches. iceland could become the smallest nation to ever qualify for football's biggest tournament if they can beat croatia. jeremy lin has made a triumphant return to the new york knicks. his start with the knicks two years ago, he soon became an interna international sensation. lin finished with 21 points. you never know, we might see a return to [ inaudible ]. >> we may. jo, thanks indeed. stay with us here on al jazeera. the day's top stories just ahead. that will do it for the news hour, though. thanks for watching.