Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 29, 2013 1:00pm-2:01pm EST

1:00 pm
♪ >> announcer: this is aljazeera. >> hello, welcome to the news hour from doha and london. time now for your top international stories. the egyptian interim president says that he vows to pardon many who were arrested because of demonstrations. also ahead, power play above the east china sea as beijing has had to scramble jets. >> we have the latest from europe as well.
1:01 pm
>> protesters in ukraine demand the resignation of their president after he blocks a deal with the e.u. and two men go on trial accused of hacking a british soldier to death on a london street. and a discovery that may just save lives, why cutting cholesterol could reduce the risk of breast cancer. we start in egypt, where there has been a development in the case of 21 young women and girls who were jailed for protesting in alexandria. it appears that they have the opportunity to be released. a statement from the interim president says that he will issue a pardon for them when the court process is over. 14 of them were sentenced to 11 years in prison. seven others, under the age of 18, are held in a juvenile
1:02 pm
detention center. their case is a part of a wider crackdown on protesters including new laws that ban unauthorized demonstrations. and the anger that those laws created led to confrontation on streets across the country on friday. in alexandria there were police who were firing tear gas at protesters looking to break up crowds. and in the capital, cairo, people had march towards one presidential palace but they were no match for security forces, and they were pushed into the sidestreets. now to our reporter live on the scene, from cairo. before we get into the protests that we saw during the day, tell us more about the potential presidential pardon of these girls who are in jail? >> reporter: well, as you said, it is a potential presidential pardon because the statement clearly says that after the
1:03 pm
judicial process is over, now we are just in the second step of that judicial process in the sense that, yes, yesterday their lawyer has put forward an appeal to the appeals court and still there is no date for that hearing. if the sentence is upheld in the court, well then the lawyer can still go further to another court and only after all of that process is over that the interim president would issue that pardon. all of it came really after several activists and human humn rights organizations here had called upon him here on thursday to issue that pardon. now the process could take about a year according to the lawyer, maybe even more quickly because if you look to what happened during the court hearing this time, it is only at the second court hearing that the sentence was handed over. so perhaps it would take a little bit shorter. the other issue here is whether or not the interim president will still be the interim
1:04 pm
president at the end of this process. according to the road map that was put in place when the former president, muhammad morsi, was ousted the interim period should last nine months which then is when egyptians would go back to the polls to vote for a new president and that could also be delayed because things are not going as smoothly as they should be and so perhaps by next summer the interim president would not be there, and whether or not the justice system is quicker than that, we have to wait and see. >> and despite these anti-protest laws in place we've seep more protests now on the streets of cairo. >> reporter: yes, absolutely. i mean, friday is is the usual y for the protests from those who do not recognize the interim government and those wanting a return of return of the former
1:05 pm
president, muhammad morsi, to be reinstated. they go through the streets. and they've said that they do not recognize the protest laws. on the other side they face the security forces who back the law. and this gives them a right to retaliate in a gradual way. minister of of the interior says that they've followed the protocol, first issuing a verbal warning to protesters to evacuate the area and that did not happen and then it escalates to the point of tear gas but certainly that will not talk down the situation and all week there have been other protests from other political parties with different political afillations who also went down to the straight to protest against the law as oppressive and to voice concerns that the
1:06 pm
country is returning to methods used during the mubarek regime. political tension continuing to rise in the disputed region of the east china sea, as the chinese air force scrambled jets to follow japanese and u.s. aircraft. the planes flew the new china air defense zone containing an area of disputed islands and the u.s., japan and south korea refuse to recognize the zone. a chinese foreign ministry spokesperson says that the actions of japan and south korea to fly planes into their air zone is unreasonable. >> china's establishment of the air defense zone was not directed towards any specific country or target, it is primarily to exercise the chinese rights to self-defense
1:07 pm
and will not cause tensions. as i just said that the flights in the past week have not been affected. >> an expert on chinese international relations at chatham house joining us now live from london. sir, thank you for joining us on the show. the beijing announcement that it had scrambled air force fighter jets to follow u.s. and japanese aircraft, it just does not look at all in any way that beijing wants to ease the tension that is already growing in the region over their enforced defense zone. >> it is certainly another turn of the screw but i think that beijing in a way had no alternative but to do something once the u.s., japan and korea had flown military flights in the region. they had to react with something more than simply let recollect, both for their own domestic public consumption and also to show that they were serious about the zone. >> and now this -- is there a
1:08 pm
possibility that perhaps china might have underestimated its own actions by enforcing this zone. it is a growing power in the region. perhaps it did not expect the u.s.a. to make a bold stand against this defense zone. >> i think it is the sort of heart of the problem, that none of the parties concerned really have a good feel for what the other parties might do. and this is what is the sort of dangerous part of all of this. we've seen a general ratcheting up and the chinese this time, they were careful not to engage the u.s. or japanese aircraft in any way, they just flew up there and monitoring them but it is adding to the danger of miscalculation and mishap. >> yes, it is. a number of people are saying that a possible accident might happen. next week the u.s. vice president joe bidden, he is
1:09 pm
expected in beijing, to south korea and japan as well and no doubt the defense zone will be on the agenda. do you think that vice president bidden will be able to persuade them to scrap the defense zone? >> i do not think that there is much of a chance of that because the chinese have committed domestically and internationally. but what they might be able to do, to do what the americans have south which is to get greater clarification from the chinese about exactly what it is that they mean about the implications of the zone and how they intend to enforce that. >> thank you for joining us. speaking to us live from london and chatham house. now for hundreds of thousands of syrian children, surviving war is just the start of their problems. forced to flee for their lives
1:10 pm
the u.n. says that a growing number of cat refugee children have to quit school and work as the sole provider for their families warning that a generation of children could become lifting casualties of the conflict. half of the syrian refugees are children. there are 1 million of them. at least 280,000 are in jordan where life is anything but normal. over half of them do not go to school and lebanon is now home to nearly 400,000 child refugees. the vast majority, in fact 80% of them get no schooling there at all. as we hear next, those who are lucky enough to get an education are still not out of danger. >> reporter: alia is 11, escaping the war in syria only to find herself facing a new danger in lebanon. her school is safe but, like her, many of these refugees have to work as well when classes are
1:11 pm
over. >> a man in a car with a syrian plate number approached me, looked scary and asked to buy flowers. i handed him those flowers and then he ground balled my arm and i ran into the supermarkets and he waited, and then followed us. we ran away. >> reporter: because of that, alia does not work on the streets any longer but her brother has no choice. their mother is a cleaner but her salary is not enough for them to survive and so every afternoon muhammad sells flowers on the streets of beirut. more and more can the children are forced to work. >> as family resources are depleted the children are sent out to work, some of them in very difficult circumstances, and in unsafe conditions. >> you can see the problem in almost every street corner in lebanon, these children live dangerously and are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse and
1:12 pm
many of them are worn down emotionally. these children are traumatized from what they saw in syria. they are scared to reveal their identities, even though it has been nearly a year since they fled the violence. >> we were in a vehicle, there was a check point and we saw someone kill everyone right in front of us and i saw the way that they all died. >> reporter: and those images are still clear in their minds and social workers say that there are many other children who are not getting the help that they need and also they face risks here in lebanon. >> they are traumatized by the violence in syria, in lebanon and some of them face sexual abuse in crowded areas where the refugees stay. >> reporter: and just by talking to these children, you realize how the war has impacted their lives. >> the people are killing one another and then people will take revenge and if one man loses a brother, later he will kill the one responsible. >> reporter: at the age of 10 this boy has an adult
1:13 pm
understanding of the tragedy of his country. "i am disturbed and frustrated" he says, he is among those who the united nations call a generation of innocence who are in dane remember of becoming lasting casualties of an appalling wall. news from europe just ahead and then frustration in nigeria where a state of emergency has been extended. plus they call themselves the black block and we'll tell you more about this youth group. still ahead in sport, one of the most decorated footballers in english premier league history celebrates a special milestone. the news from europe now, there is an agreement can the on closer ties with the ukraine but
1:14 pm
moldova and georgia had signed the agreements with the eu but then hopes of a last-minute deal with ukraine were dashed to the frustration of the eu ministers. >> i think that it is a great disappointment for many in ukraine who had hoped for the possibilities that would be in this agreement. the european union goes on. it was a very generous offer from our side and the president decided to do something else. >> we have this aljazeera update from vilneus. >> reporter: the summit meeting left two hours than expected and leaders left quickly. it seems that having signed up georgia and moldova fully to partnership agreements, just two of the six countries that they had hoped to get in altogether and a partial agreement as well set up with azerbaijan and realizing that they lost the prize of the ukraine with the
1:15 pm
ukrainian president showing no signs of a last-minute change of heart left very little to discuss. they would have heard the president's justification for his last-minute u-turn on the deal last week, telling them that he could not withstand russian pressure. that the eu was not offering enough to make up for what the ukraine would lose because of russian threat and on the table an as well was an eu condition that he release the former prime minister from jail and he showed no signs of wishing to to that. that was always a sticking point. the eu has made it clear that the offer remains on the table. there is another ukraine meeting in march, and possibly talks can continue behind closed doors. but there's no signs of ukrainian willingness to do that, as such. at the moment ukraine is very much locked in the middle of a tug-of-war between russia and the european union with russia looking to win back lost
1:16 pm
influence in this area that it considers its backyard and the eu looking to push european union trade rules and political rules, meaning democracy up to the border of russia a fight for the moment that russia will feel they are winning. >> and now to kiev, the ukrainian capitol. what do you think, david, is the mood on the streets right now? >> reporter: well, here in independence square where there is a pro european rally, it is an abundant, determined spirit as they've called for the resignation of the president of the ukraine. earlier though in the day there was a pro-government rally in stark contrast to what you are hearing and seeing in the square mind him. it was more subdued, organized very carefully. people were busted in from all other the country. and it was a very subdued rally. but we've been taking a closer look here at the mood of the
1:17 pm
people and all of the events during the day. a closer look now to what has been happening. the number of pro european protesters in independence square swelled into the thousands and growing tension evident amongst the ranks of the riot police. there was a van that was carrying sound equipment that was attempted to be blocked but then they withdrew and took cover in a network of tunnels leading to a metro station. opposition leaders call for the resignation of the president and the rally here in mark contrast to the pro-government rally taking place just 500 yards from here earlier in the day. in kiev the supporters of the president streamed into the city to mount a demonstration to show their approval for his decision, following intense pressure from moscow to retain ties to russia. >> this is -- >> there are reasons why the agreement was not signed.
1:18 pm
the eu refused to make any concessions to our demands and we do not want to be brought to our knees. we are a proud people. >> we need to finish our own reforms first, only then can we integrate into europe and then match their standards. just a few hundred meters away from the rally pro european protesters maintained their vigil in independence square, pledging to continue the demonstrations over the weekend. opposition leaders fear now that the president could order a crackdown on the rallies. >> how much will depend upon how many people that we have on the streets this night and then what happens next. because their line of argument, it is as much belief as possible and then see some violent provocations and clashes that could ensue. >> reporter: and the
1:19 pm
pro-european rallies are expected to continue throughout the weekend and the students say that they will continue to mount their own protests next week. >> there is real anger on the streets of ukraine but what chances are there of any change of heart by the government? >> reporter: well, the president is returning to a city that is still in turmoil. still, this is a battleground between the east and the west with the pro-government rallies and then anti-government rally and he now has made his decision and turned his back on european union's offer and he was determined to do that because of pressure put upon him by the kremlin and now he has to see if the kremlin will come up with their promises which could be a deal to fill a multi-billion dollar black hole in the ukraine budget. will the kremlin actually succeed in the hopes of the ukrainian president's hopes to
1:20 pm
fill that large black hole? we'll see. perhaps he will lower gas prices or make it a lot easier for the repayments of the loan, over a billion dollar loan to the ukraine from russia. but essentially the president's eyes now are on the 2015 election and many say that that is what this is really all about. he kept the former prime minister, his archrival, in prison and that is because she could possibly rally opposition forces against him. and he too will also make sure that that money does come through from moscow and only then does he think that he will be able to actually guarantee his reelection. everyone feels it is really a political decision but these protests will continue for a long time yet not just over the weaken as the crowds grow behind me but into next week as well with students promising to take action against the president and
1:21 pm
so there are many more turbulent waters here yet ahead. well the eu has accused russia of bullying ukraine of pulling out of the deal, crime line now increasingly concerned about the pled of the influence of the eu in former soviet states, we hear more next about the russian tussle with brussels. >> reporter: a monument that celebrates a communist fraternity that died over 20 years ago, dancing maidens of the soviet socialist republics and now they are all own independent countries in their own right going their own way, or at least trying to. the kremlin uses its control of the old soviet gas painlines to pressure its neighbors and armenia and belarus felt its wrath and in ukraine it was
1:22 pm
chocolate, one of their few successful exports and with kiev threatening to join the eu it was russia who banned the chocolates which overnight cost the country $200 million. >> it is a high stakes game and one for europe as well but the reality is that russia has more skin in the game, and ukraine is an important investment opportunity. >> reporter: and the nato steady expansion eastwards worries the kremlin. nato was formed in 1949 with ten european member states and by 1982 greece, turkey, germany and spain had joined but then in the last 12 years a number of other countries joined nato and belarus, armenia, azerbaijan, georgia and moldova are also
1:23 pm
considering eu ties and if they were to join nato that would leave russia exposed and joining nato is the red line for the kremlin. >> russia does consider potential entry into nato as a threat to its national security and potential membership will of course bring serious unrest in the ukraine and could eventually lead to a civil war. >> reporter: and what conclusion then could the kremlin planners draw from the ukraine sudden decision to turn its back on the eu? possibly that intimidation and bullying do work and for the other former soviet republics looking west a possible economic salvation, well, expect more off the same. >> more from europe a little bit later in the news hour right now. back now though to doha.
1:24 pm
♪ a sixth day of anti-government demonstrations in thailand, thousands have surrounded and occupied official buildings in the capital, bangkok, attempting to shut down the government as they call for the prime minister to step down staying that she has been controlled by her brother, a former prime minister who was ousted in 2006 and many marched to the u.s. embassy delivering a letter calling on the u.s.a. to retract support for the prime minister. over a thousand people rallied too at the army headquarters in the city. in afghanistan, a senior politician survives a suicide attack in the capital, kabul. the bomb was detonated near his home. he is the former governor of a province there. a number of bodyguards were wounded. no one claimed responsibility
1:25 pm
for that attack. one general has officially taken charge as the new army chief of pakistan, he took over from the former general at a ceremony in pakistan. the job is considered to be the most powerful position in pakistan. iraqi police found the bodies of 18 people north of the capital baghdad. gunmen in military uniforms abducted a group of men from one town on thursday. men appear to have been shot in the head, possibly the victims of execution-style shootings. u.s. scientists say that controlling or cutting down cholesterol could protect women against breast cancer. they say that it is down to a by-product produced by the body as it breaksdown cholesterol but this by-product mimics a female hormone and, as a result, it can fuel the growth and the spread of cancerous tumors. one doctor who is a research
1:26 pm
working on the study tells us more next. >> we know that obesity itself and metabolic syndrome increases the risk of breast cancer but something that has been missing is links between what are the events? what are those things that increase risk? what this study suggests is that it is actually cholesterol and actually the conversion of cholesterol to an estrogenlike molecule that play as significant impact in the breast cancer incidents and implications of our research, they are twofold with respect to human health, one is that it confirms studies done in the past that a diet that is low in cholesterol is beneficial to health and now it adds breast cancer to the potential benefits and the second i think was highlighted in our study, which was that lower cholesterol is likely to increase the efficacy of those therapies that women take for positive receptors of
1:27 pm
breast cancer. in our study there was a little bit of a difference and we took information from the human tumors showing that the processes that we had identified also existed in the tumor and another study was published by a group in dallas a couple of weeks ago showing that the molecule was extremely high in breast tumors. so i think that unlike most other studies this one will have a much more practical effect on our treatment and prevention of cancer. and still ahead, billions of dollars spent on hiv research. how does it change how patients cope with the disease? greek police on high alert because of a possibility of attack from extremists. we're north of england where the premier league cup football fans are unhappy and i'll explain why.
1:28 pm
1:29 pm
>> every sunday night, >> every sunday night, al jazeera america presents... al jazeera america presents... ♪ gripping films from the world's gripping films from the world's top documentary directors. top documentary directors. >> this is just the beginning of >> this is just the beginning of something much bigger. something much bigger.
1:30 pm
>> next sunday: do the math. >> next sunday: do the math. >> these companies are a rogue >> these companies are a rogue force. force. >> one environmentalist says >> one environmentalist says fossil fuels equal disaster. fossil fuels equal disaster. will his movement add up to will his movement add up to change? change? >> we will fight it together. >> we will fight it together. >> al jazeera america presents: >> al jazeera america presents: do the math. do the math. >> al jazeera america is a >> al jazeera america is a straight-forward news channel. straight-forward news channel. >> its the most exciting thing >> its the most exciting thing to happen to american journalism to happen to american journalism in decades. in decades. >> we believe in digging deep. >> we believe in digging deep. >> its unbiased, fact-based, >> its unbiased, fact-based, in-depth journalism. in-depth journalism. >> you give them the facts, >> you give them the facts, dispense with the fluff and get dispense with the fluff and get straight to the point. straight to the point. >> i'm on the ground every day >> i'm on the ground every day finding stories that matter to finding stories that matter to you. you. >> in new orleans... >> in new orleans... >> seattle bureau... >> seattle bureau... >> washington... >> washington... >> detroit... >> detroit... >> chicago... >> chicago... >> nashville... >> nashville... >> los angeles... >> los angeles... >> san francisco... >> san francisco... >> al jazeera america, >> al jazeera america, take a new look at news. take a new look at news.
1:31 pm
welcome back. a recap now of the top stories on aljazeera. the interim president of egypt says that he will pardon 21 women who had been arrested and can the charged with blocking roads and damaging can the property. chinese state media says that its air force has scrambled fighters to follow japanese and u.s. aircraft that had flown through an area of disputed airspace over disputed islands. thousands of people out on the streets of the capital of the ukraine to protest a decision by their president not to sign a deal with the eu. the president opted for closer ties with russia with commitments from georgia and azerbaijan to the eu. nigeria has extended a state of emergency for another six
1:32 pm
months of a government clashes with rebels. as we hear next, some residents are not pleased with the extension. >> reporter: this business has been ruined by a state of emergency. he used to sell up to ten cows a day and now just two or three. >> the state of emergency has not improved anything for us. it has brought about hardship. >> reporter: many cattle sellers agree saying that there were very few attacks and little fighting between the military of nigeria and militants and the analysts say that the military presence has been devastating. >> the military presence has
1:33 pm
added many pains to the state and socially people's free tomorrow to move around has been restricted. >> reporter: and phone lines were cut off for months. many feel that the state of emergency could be lifted but they also say that it could continue on here. the president of nigeria, he ordered the extension and he says that the army has achieved considerable successes but the group are still under threat but some feel that the extension could be government motivated. >> even if it is not that still there are many who are close to
1:34 pm
the president who are opposed to what is happening here. >> reporter: the president denies this. there have been a number killed because of a desire to have strict islamic law imposed. many though just want the state of emergency lifted but because of how close this locale is to where the fighting has occurred, it is all not likely to happen soon. the brazilian government is attempting to crack down on protesters who have been breaking the law. one group says that they will fight back against government brutality but as we hear next opinions on the street are divided about the methods. >> reporter: it is a common sight in brazil, street battles with the police. behind it the black pocks, a mysterious masked youth group
1:35 pm
that confronts police and destroys property and they've been called everything from vandals to criminals to anarchists but they rarely do interviews and so not much is known about how they operate and this man wanted his identity obscured and asked that we use just his nickname. >> black block is a method used by protesters to express the complete rejection of capitalism >> reporter: he is 21 years old, well spoken and last year worked in a bank and did a double major at university but then when witnessing a violent police crackdown against peaceful protesters in june he quit work, quit school and then became a block block. >> there is a group who attacks
1:36 pm
corporations and others who protect protesters with shields and another group that break property as a moons of distracting the police. >> reporter: on the streets, opinion of the tactics of the black block is divided. over 90% of those who were surveyed say that they oppose the actions of the plaque mock but protesters too have welcomed the presence of the members of black block saying that they act as a buffer between the police. the miss have been caught offguard. there was a plan to criminalize them as a group. >> block block as a strategy is successful because as they are
1:37 pm
criminalized their images are publicized which attracts more followers. >> reporter: they say that the black blocks will be on the streets during the world cup next year, in a scenario looking increasingly unlikely that the block blocks will go away any time soon. back now to london with more news out of europe. >> here in london the trial starts of two men accused of murdering a british soldier. the man was returning to his bare yaks in south london when he was run over by a car and then attacked with knives and meat cleavers and the two accused deny the killing. >> reporter: the defendants arrived at the central criminal court amid tight security to hear the prosecution describe their acts as a callus, cowardly murderer. the family of the slain man
1:38 pm
listened to the evidence but left the courtroom at one point before graphic descriptions of his final moments. on trial is a 28-year-old pictured here and a 22-year-old also pictured here who deny murderer. the court heard that they tried to justify their attack as a demand of the withdrawal of forces from muslim lands. according to the prosecution the soldier was mowed down by a vehicle traveling over 50 kilometers a hour and then was attacked by the defendants who were using meat cleavers and nerves in an attempt to decapitate him and the soldier was shown to have been hit and then subsequently put into the air and then the subsequent cleaver attack was described by one witness as a butcher attacking a piece of meat.
1:39 pm
one woman engaged an attacker in conversation despite him still holding meat clever and speaking of martyrdom and then there was more dramatic video that showed the armed police arriving and then one man being shot and the accused said i did it for my god. i wish that the bullets had killed me. this is one of the last shots of lee rig by, he was 25 and he had served in afghanistan, and he was the father of a two-year-old boy and the case continues. in germany a policeman was arrested on suspicion of killing a man that he met on the internet. policeman admitted to meeting the victim, chopping up the body and then burying it in the yard in his home. they had met in an internet
1:40 pm
chatroom. this was a greenpeace protest in international waters and the protesters were arrested in september after they tried to board a russian oil drilling platform. the french government has gundy baiting -- has begun debating a bill that would introduce a $2,000 fine for customers of prostitutes but then decriminalize the nearly 40,000 prostitutes in french. the eu is to provide $7.5 million in emergency funding to bulgaria because of syrians who are coming through turkey but bulgaria has denied that a new fence is designed to keep refugees out, the fence
1:41 pm
will cover much of their border and it will be three meters high and will be finished in february. >> the number of incoming illegal immigrants in bulgaria has been reduced several times and we've enhanced border patrols and surveillance backed by the presence of troops right here. the greek police say that they are on a heightened state of alert because of the possibility of attacks by extremist political groups. greece has a long history of violence by far right and left groups and last week there were two politically-motivated murderers raising concerns of more attacks. >> reporter: on an unremarkable suburban street a chilling crime took place, two members of the far right golden dawn were shot dead, right here, a third injured. all of it caught on cctv.
1:42 pm
it is too shocking for us to show. the killer ran away after shooting his victims at point blank range. >> he knew what exactly he was doing and he is a person who could be classified as a professional meaning it was a cold-blooded killer and probably he has done it before in the past. >> reporter: this is the site of a massacre on the edge of atens carried out by naysie germans against greek communists at the end of the war and two weeks ago the greek organization got a phone call telling them to come here and when they got here they found a bag on the floor right here. and inside that bag was a computer memory stick containing a proclamation by a group calling itself the militant popular revolutionary forces. this group says that it killed the golden dawn members in revenge for the killing of a left wing singer in september and it says that its campaign against golden dawn has only
1:43 pm
just begun. golden dawn has its own ugly history of violence but does it worry that it will be attacked again? >> we're threatened. all the time. >> reporter: are you frightened for your zest? >> no, we were -- for your safety? >> no, we are not frightened. fear is something that every person has and must have, otherwise he does no not have his or her senses but nothing will stop us from what we are doing. >> reporter: the greeks marched this month to commemorate the 1973 uprising against the then-military dictatorship and hatred between left and right goes back through decades but a majority do not embrace the extremes. >> right wing nationalism has never looked particularly good to most greeks. the communist movement collapsed. the anarchists have nothing specifically to offer and so there is nothing to motivate
1:44 pm
people around political violence. >> reporter: but the economic crisis has left many young people disgusted with those inner. some of them are looking for radical alternatives. there could be someone out there right now, somewhere in this vast pulsating city who is planning a new attack. >> and that is it from europe, back now to doha. >> thank you for that. well, still ahead in this news hour, we'll have news including the fatal crane collapse at a brazilian world cup stadium that was caught on camera. but organizers are still hoping to deliver the venue on time. power play
1:45 pm
1:46 pm
welcome back. over 34 million people across the world live with hiv. in the 1990s contracting the virus which can lead to aids can considered a death sentence but medicines have made a difference and as part of a series looking ahead to world aids day we look to the drugs saving lives. >> reporter: this man is a regular at this hiv clinic, he contracted the virus ten years ago and then it was considered a death sentence but now with the right combination of drugs he is able to maintain his health. >> my life changed quite dramatically more than other days pause many were -- because
1:47 pm
many were dying but now many more live. >> reporter: hiv drugs have halved a number of infections and now less than one in 20 catch the virus from their mother, a huge advance on earlier treatments and here it is the, the hiv virus and these show how it would bees, when it cops into contact with a red blood cell it uses the stalks and then overwhelms the immunity and the anti-virals make it so that the cell cannot reproduce in the patients immune system and they are able to recover. providing that you keep on taking the drugs the virus is kept at bay but then stop taking them and it will return in force and globally over $1.20 billion a year is spent on hiv research and now there are nearly 30
1:48 pm
different drugs to treat the virus and competition among with the production of generics has pushed down the can the price of the drugs. >> it has been miraculous because we've moved from where a uniformly fatal disease has come now to a point where now there are nearly 30 drugs where nearly $8 million people around the world are being treated. >> the united nations is hoping to be able to provide more antivirals by 2015 and they say that new and increasingly effective drunks hold the greatest promise and those with hiv will have a better, longer life and it will reduce the spread of the virus. >> time now for sports. >> thank you so much. two men accused of fixing
1:49 pm
non-league english football matches have been remanded in custody until december the 13th following a court appearance in birmingham, the two men originally from singapore were charged with conspiracy to defraud and they were not required to enter a play. two of seven people have been now accused of being part of an illegal asian-based syndicate fibbing conference level matches across manchester and the uk. while the barclays premier league has not been affected arsene wenger of arsenal says that authorities have to remain vigilant. >> not just a concern for me, for me it is a shame that once you do not know any more, then people see something absolutely disastrous and so i think that we have to absolutely fight against that with the strongest severity to get that out of the
1:50 pm
game. >> and ryan giggs turned 40 on friday and the welshman says that he has no desire to hang up the boots, he has made 193 appearances for the premier league champions, scoring 168 goals and he was a scorer in ine game against bayer leverkusen and there has been a lot of praise for his longevity in the game and there is just one place where he ranges amongst the all-time freights in the barclays premier league. >> undoubtedly at the top because of his longevity and the amount of time that he has played with one club what he has done in europe, in the premier league. i mean, every season you could look through look to his moments and i just think as well, when you look to him, how he plays at his age it is terrific, a great example to young players and how to dedicate yourself throughout your career and also to the
1:51 pm
players who are in their early, middle 30s thinking that it is could manying to an end, well, you know if you train well, look after yourself it could go on longer. >> people from hull have a lot to be proud of at the moment their city named uk city of culture and their football team plays in the barclays premier league but the fans are angry that the owner wants to change the culture and the name they've had for over a century, more on that story next. >> reporter: named uk city of culture for 2017, the city and traditions of hull have been recognized but fans of their premier league football club are not pleased after over a century of hull city fc their owner wants the team to be renamed the tigers and he is not backing down. >> the shorter the name the more powerful it is on the matches,
1:52 pm
twitter, google, apple, they are all one word. when i bought the club, there was no reason for me to shorten the name. only when you go premier league, that is your best chance to go global and generate income. >> reporter: cardiff fans were not pleased when their owner changed the kit from blue to red to appeal to asian fans but for hull fans the issue is in what is a name. to use an animal name formally, that is unacceptable to them. >> i think english football, you see it in europe, they to attach a hot to the history and heritage that comes from it. you do not get animal team nicknames in english football, not in england, italy, spain, germany wherever. >> there is a huge tradition in this city, and many will fight tooth and nail to protect that because they feel that that is what the city is built upon, its history, its tradition. >> after needing to heavy
1:53 pm
interin the late '60s, alam has lived in hull for over 40 years and he built the biggest generator business in the uk and he says that it is all just a part of him giving back to the community but the community has to understand that he is running it as a finish. >> whoever has the money to continue the football club, without money there is no football club, there is no name. >> and what manager steve bruce and his players want hull to be called is simply a premier league club, maintaining that status is their job, whether or not the club preserves its current name. what will the footballing club actually be called when the city celebrates its culture honored in the year 2017? the english footballing organization tells me that this is no guarantee at that they will allow the name to be changed because it would change the culture of english football. this week's fatal crane
1:54 pm
collapse at the sao paulo stadium increases pressure on british authorities struggling to have venues ready ahead of next year's world cup. the opening of the stadium has been pushed become to february. amateur video footage has emerged seeing the crane and accident involving stadium which killed two people. construction has been halted until at least monday. >> i do not even consider a plan b. if you consider a plan b, that means that you do not trust on your plan a. i tell you with full conviction that i believe that the arena will be ready for opening of the world cup. >> from football now up to speed on the latest motorsport news,
1:55 pm
lottous has announced that -- lotus has announced that moll -- that moldonada will be replacing kimi raikkonen for their team next year and there will also be a night race and the last two races have gone ahead in bahrain, this despite security concerns. and the final of the icc twenty 20 qualifiers, both sides have qualified for the world cup taking place in bangladesh next year it starts march the 16th and the semifinal in abu dhabi, they struggled and you can see the afghanistan bathsman scoring 48 and it
1:56 pm
was a seven wicket victory by afghanistan and they will face ireland in the saturday final. adam scott challenged by rory mcilroy at the halfway mark of the australian open, scott aiming for his fourth title in as many weeks down under and a shock of course opening it up here with a 2-under par 70 in wet conditions friday giving him a two-stroke lead at the course and the world number 6 stormed into the day with the day's best round of a 7-under 65. all of the c the day daytona -- all of the days big stories are on our website, visit and you can see blogs and more. >> robin, before we let you go perhaps you will want to hear this next story, 50 athletes
1:57 pm
from 18 countries brave sub zero temperatures to compete in one of the most extreme races in the world, runners were battling temperatures plummets to minus 30 for the and the arctic ice marathon and even though the cold was cruciating main challenge for runners was overcoming dehydration and here the first place competitor and in the women's race as well, a course record set by an uk athlete and the glory came for the rest by simply taking part. >> something i have to tell you about that more rathon is that andy richardson ran in it finishing it just over six hours and that is a program that will be on aljazeera in the next couple of weeks. >> yes, it will be very exciting. stay with us here on aljazeera, more news right at the top of the hour. we'll be with you soon.
1:58 pm
1:59 pm
2:00 pm
♪ welcome to aljazeera america. these are the stories that we're following for you. retailers open their doors early for the annual hoard of black friday shoppers. coordinated demonstrations targeting walmart across the country. protesters taking to the streets of cairo defying authorities. today is a day off for millions of americans and many of them spend it online or in stores looking for those great black


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on