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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  December 11, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

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>> this is al jazeera america live from new york city. i'm tony harris with a look at today's top stories. george zimmerman has once again walked free in florida. he was booked on several charges after his girlfriend accused him of pointing a gun at her. she has now told the court she doesn't want to pursue the case. a jury acquitted him in july on charges of second-degree connected to the death of trayvon martin. the house votes on a bipartisan budget bill could come as soon as tomorrow. president obama said he'll sign the spending plan as soon as it's on his desk. thousands waited in line to pay their respects to nelson mandela. saturday he'll be taken to his home village t on sunday to be
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buried. bulldozers have been withdrawn after clashes with protesters in the ukrainian capitol. secretary of state john kerry said he's disgusted by the crackdown. private companies will now be able to grow pot. the government will oversea the sale and the law goes into effect next year. "inside story" is next on al jazeera america. >> the ukrainian crisis and a country caught in the latest version of the east-west superpower struggle. i'm ray suarez, and that is the inside story.
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>> the latest trouble in ukraine is brewing for weeks. the crisis approached the breaking point overnight as police moved against the protesters in the ukraine capitol kiev. it was the rejection of a deal for closer economic ties with europe that sent protesters into the streets. it's a high-stakes drama and a flash point of the larger power struggle between russian president putin on one side and the united states and europe on the other. on this edition of our program we're going to dig in to why all this matters for america. but we start on the ground in kiev's independent square. >> for more than two weeks
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demonstrators have rallied against the government in the ukraine's capitol kiev. in the middle of the night riot police moved into independent square. >> we're standing here, but we're moving. we're moving forward step by step, we're going forward. everyone makes a big effort for our country, for our families, and the whole world is watching ukraine. >> in freezing conditions the police pushed and shoved their way in the square trying to remove barricades and tents. protesters pushed back for hours chanting shame while those in occupied buildings dumped ice cold water on approaching police. finally the authorities pulled back. the government claimed they only wanted to restore traffic downtown. protesters are protesting against the decision of
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president yanukovych's decision last month not to sign trade agreements with europe. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: following her meeting ukraine's president, the secretary of state victoria youlin sai said she told presidt cayanukovych. >> i told him it is impermissible in an european state, in a democratic state. >> reporter: ukraine is in on the brink of bankruptcy, and it is home to more than 40 million people. as the country wrestles with its economic problems it's caught in a new post cold war struggle between russia and the west.
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al jazeera's robben forester walker is in kiev tonight. >> reporter: tens of thousands of ukrainians are packed back in to independent square. developments are moving along the president yanukovych said he is willing to sit down to talk to have a national dialogue with leaders of the opposition and those political parties. but they're dismissing these proposals. >> those talks, should they happen, will be closely watched in brussels as well as moscow and washington. joining us now damon wilson executive vice president of the atlantic council and former senior director for european affairs for the national security council. from stanford, katherine stoner political scientist and senior fell on democracy, development and rule of law at stanford
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university, and back in the studio, william miller, u.s. ambassador to ukraine from 1993 to 1998. let's go back to the 90's, mr. ambassador, it looked like for a while the ukraine had managed the trick of making the transition from a post self yett state that could stand on its own. they worked out deals with the arsenal, soviet navy, territorial pursuits, the ukraine for some time looked like it was ready to become an independent country. >> it was first in line, but unfortunately the politicians in charge tried to play both sides against each other. east and west. and they lost their way. but more significantly the leadership of ukraine initially was soviet.
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soviet in background and soviet in mentality, and soviet in behavior. and it's only now that we're beginning to see the generation that it was born after independence. it was not brought up in soviet ways, and is definitely on track to become a democratic nation. >> katherine stoner, are we watching ukraine art the precipice trying to figure out if it wants to be more like poland or it's next doo next-dor neighbor belarus. >> it's broadly reflective of the country, which in and of itself quite divided, east and west. the eastern part of ukraine is drawn more towards russia and is
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predominantly russian speaking. the western part speaks ukrainian, which is a distinct language from russian, and it is more european minded, considers itself to be part of europe. in part that is part of the struggle here. the other thing, too, is that this is a deal that was in the works for a number of years, about five or so years. and throughout this yearn coyanukovych, the president, sad repeatedly that he would sign it. why you're seeing this rush to the street is that it's the change of heart seems quite sudden, and it seems as though it's a turn towards russia, as you said at the beginning of this segment. >> what is at stake? why is it so important for the world, and why is russia so keen to have ukraine back in the fold. the e.u. looking at ukraine to look out for itself, and the
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secretary of state giving a stern lecture to the president. >> there is a lot at stake. ukraine, as in your introduction, it's the largest country by geography in europe. 46 million some people. this is a major player, a major country. what is a stake where vladimir putin can succeed in reconstitute a more modern version of control and influence over the former territory of the soviet unity, what is at stake is whether a post soviet country can succeed in creating it's path and moving towards europe. for many years ukraine was moving in that direction, and then president yanukovych reversed that direction and stopped it. whether russia will allow countries on its borders who used to be part of the soviet
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union, pick their own destiny, pick their own relationship, or try to pull them back to the eurasian authority. >> you'll see clothes factories, industries, and the system that gave a lot of jobs to russian and ukrainian speakers, those are not 21st century industries. won't they see a future that involves a frightening transition to this new borderless capitalism? >> no doubt there is a short-term challenge. in some respects that's what forced the hand of president yanukovych. he's weighing short term, ukraine could go bankrupt in the next couple of months, and the crisis could only accelerate that. he could turn to a country like
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russia even china, to get short-term cash, reduced energy prices to sustain the industry you've referred to. that's a matter of short term paying off some of the structural pain of trying to adapt ukraine's economy to a global economy. that's the prospect of the deal he had with europe. yes, it was going to require transition but it offered the prospect and lots of research has shown that it offered the sustainable growth and jobs over time and he has been weighing off the short-term costs and pushing away--pushing back on exactly that fear of having to take painful decisions which would have come in the context of a deal with the international monetary fund, higher energy prices. >> katherine stoner, you wanted to say? >> yes, the other issue, too, well looking at the european
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union, which has its problems, the irarussian economy has its s as well. they believe that it has reached its maximum productive output. it has gone from growing 8% to 10% a year between 2001 and 2008 to growing about 1.4% by the end of this year. russia has obviously some big things to offer in particular ukraine's gas supply. and it's not afraid to turn the gas supply off. it has done that in the past with ukraine. it could also jack up those gas prices. so here we are in the middle of december, and ukraine gets pretty darn cold over the next month or so. gas is turned off, that means home heat something turned off.
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yanukovych, i would say, has been black mailed into this situation by vladimir putin and his administration as your other guests mentioned has become increasingly bullying in its determination to reconstitute some eurasian union, not exactly the soviet union. over formeother former self yets has been bullied. moldova did not, and their wine imports to russia were promptly stopped at the border. so they're not allowed to come back really to rejoin the russian market having chosen europe. ukraine looks at that and yanukovych is concerned about this. he's up for re-election in 2015, so the fact that the ukrainian economy is in the tank. unemployment is likely to go up
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is a big concern for him and perhaps why he's more focused on short term rather than long term. >> when we come back after the break we'll talk to ambassador mill behavior the tough choices facing all the players in this triangle. you're watching inside story. have been telling you in the san joaquim river, freeze warnings in effect. never seen too much in terms of rain. los angeles, you are going to be seeing some beautiful weather all the way
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to sunday even into the low 70 did or high 60s, partly cloudy conditions, overnight, about 44 degrees. texas also dry for you as well. we saw rain showers and a mix of precip just a little bit up here towards the north. temperatures for dallas at about 42. san antonio at 55. for houston, well, you are going to be seeing rain by the time we end the week. 59 degrees there. that will will last one day. your weekend should look better with a high of 63. over here towards the southeast, some rain showers pushing through orlando right now. atlanta is going to be about 56. an american auto maker making history. the newer ground general motor is making as it names its latest ceo.
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>> welcome back to "inside story." i'm ray suarez. on this edition of the program we're discussing the political unrest in the ukraine and the east west tug-of-war. right now john kerry has, to say the least, has a lot of o a lots plate. the united states is engaged in much of the rest of the world. is washington interested in leaving this one to the europeans? >> no, kerry expressed very cogently, he was disgusted by the behavior of the yanukovych government. terrorizing it's own people. there are really deeper reasons for this up rising in this stage of the continuing revolution in ukraine, and it's reflected in
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the kids on the street, and their parents who have come with them, and their grandparents as they did in 2004. it is a belief that ukrainians deserve to have a government that abides by the constitution and the rule of law, that is not corrupt, that isn't infested with cronyism and alleger guycal tendencies where the rule is self interest rather than national interes interest. that's what the kids are saying, and that's what they want to become. they're saying yanukovych and his ilk are finished in the
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minds of the kids on the street and their parents and i think the majority of the country. >> earlier today the state department said all policy options remain on the table. but what could those be? what kind of leverage does the united states have in the outcome in the ukraine? >> well, it has the leverages that it's used in other circumstances, sanctions on individuals for abuses of the law, international law. certainly the case of ti tymonsn ko put out of the way because of a rival, that's understood, this is what the e.u. and the united states put forth very plainly to
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yanukovych, that this is unacceptable behavior for a 21st century, decent nation. >> katherine stoner, beyond making public declarations, deploring what is going on, does the united states have access, the kind of push that putin, who is increasingly estranged from the united states, is actually going to listen to? people who are inside kiev oriented to moscow are going to listen to? >> so, unfortunately, i don't think we do have very much leverage with mr. putin. i think he's quite heady over his success with the syrian chemical weapon deal. there is talk with iran, we're going to pause the sanctions on iran as we try to get them to move away from militarizing their nuclear capacity. he has played a role in that as well. you know, we have cooperated in
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some areas with the putin regime in terms of the northern supply network into afghanistan, which actually runs u.s. military supplies right through downtown moscow on trains. that's pretty significant. that said, we can't force mr. putin to do anything. you know, this is happening at the same time that he himself is cracking down in various areas in his own country, and has done that for the last eight or so years, including cracking down on civil society organizations that take any money from non-russian sources. they can be branded foreign agents if that is found out to be the case. recently there have been arrests for the last year or so in russia of protesters for participating in protests against him and his re-election to the russian presidency as well. so this is something he supports with yanukovych.
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russian has very important strategic interest in ukraine. it is the home of the black sea fleet for russia. russia needs ukraine to cooperate with it in terms of leasing lands and access to the black sea as a result. again as i say earlier mr. putin and many people like him view ukraine as a natural part of the traditional ira russian empire. to have asia and the united eure united states behind europe to bring the ukraine further into their orbit is a threat. and they'll encourage that. the threat is very high. >> hold that thought, everyone. we'll be right back. this is "inside story."
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fight drug trafficking and forbid marijuana consumption, or let the
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>> you're watching "inside story." i'm ray suarez. we're talking about the protests in ukraine. the white house strongly condemn the action against demonstrators and urge the country to return to the path of integration. we want to hone in on the story and whether outside pressure--as we heard we have a society divided against ethnic russians, and ethnic ukraines, mod dennizers versus traditionalists, and those who want to move towards europe
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while others want to stay in the russian area. >> what we see coming out now not just in the secrets of kiev but across the country, an overwhelming sense of yes, the ukrainian people want the opportunity to have a less corrupt, more democratic society, governed by rules of law moving towards europe. yanukovych himself was preparing his country for that deal with the european union. and many thought he was ready to support the deal with europe. the ukrainians are driving this debate, but the outside world, the united states, europe, they do have influence. and if anyone understands this, it's yanukovych. in 2004 then candidate for president yanukovych he won
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through fraudulent means. that's what sparked the first ukrainians out on the street. the pinpoint when the u.s. and colin powell went out and said the united states does not recognize the president asan co-simple as president of the ukraine. he had to come and strike a deal. >> well -- >> he understands the power. >> but i think this is a rather different situation because we don't have--he was actually quite legitimately elected i in 2010, and sampled those elections as free and fair. >> i think professor powers said
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no one has called that election into question. but whether it was a sign of strength or weakness that he didn't drop the har hammer overt on those protesters and route them, as we have seen again and again, but went softly. >> i'm not sure that he went softly. i think the militia who were after all the parents of some of the kids on the street, were inching their way like sent centipedes going step by step. >> reporter: you could tell they had been given orders or had no stomach for a violent eviction of those protesters from the square. >> yes, i think it's the latter. they didn't have the stomach to kill their children. i think that's an aspect of decency and hope that yanukovych
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will submit to reason, and change his approach. but i think the issue has been decided by the ukrainian people. they don't want people like yanukovych running their country. and i think if he doesn't leave before the elections in 2015, he will certainly lose the election at that time. >> professor, we're very close to the end of our time, if you can give us a quick response, that would be great. >> sure, i was going to say from my understanding from civic activists on the streets is that many of the security force who is have been brought in are actually from the south and east of ukraine and are russian speaking and don't necessarily know the kievites out on the streets. that would be in favor of the
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opposition, certainly one of their strategies to try to get the militia to turn towards opposition to yanukovych and do what the ambassador is indicating, which is to withhold violence. i think there are different ways out of this. one is possibly turningan co-simple turning to the public and said, let's have a referendum, and if the referendum is in favor of the european you association, he can throw that back at putin, the other is spilling blood. he doesn't seem to have a tolerance for doing that yet. another thing that the protesters can do is call a national strike, and i see that happening next. >> we'll have to leave it there. thank you to all of my guests for the conversation. from washington, i'm ray suarez.
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>> in the early hours of april 16th 2009, bolivian special forces burst into a hotel in downtown santa cruz. within minutes three european guests had been shot and killed. when news of the raid broke, the bolivian authorities said little - except that the


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