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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 31, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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> >> the international dispute over the south china sea, the u.s. defense secretary takes aim at china. >> the united states will not look the other way when fundamental principles of the international order are challenged. hello, i'm here in doha with the world news from al jazeera. also ahead - celebrations in malawi after a winner is announced after the bitterly disputed elections. his opponent says they'll fight on. >> we are not taking that laying
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down. plus... ..the first suicide attack by a u.s. citizen in syria. he took his orders from a group linked to al qaeda. and how police are getting a bird's eye view of criminals in mexico, where crime rates are soaring. u.s. defense secretary chuck hagel accused beijing of unstabilizing the area in the china sea. chuck hagel warned that the u.s. would not ignore action that could threaten long-term process. >> china called the south china sea a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation. that's what it should be.
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in recent months china has undertaken destabilizing actions asserting claims over the south china sea. we oppose any effort by any nation to restrict overflight of freedom or navigations, whether from military or civilian vessels, or countries big or small. the united states will not look the other way when if the add principles are being challenged. >> scott heidler has more. >> reporter: the lang im from the u.s. -- language from the u.s. secretary of geps, chuck hagel - -- defense, chuck hagel, the united states seeing this as possibly having having international ramifications. chuck hagel welcomed a move by japan, where they said they want to be more involved in peace in the region.
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they are an ally of the united states. they are upping the pivot to asia. in six years 60% of air force and navy will operate out of the region, it's something important moving forward. china's territorial claims led to tension with several countries. recently there has been a confrontation with vietnam after an oil rig was put off the coast in areas that both countries say are theirs. china claims a you-shaped swath, overlapping with areas claimed by other countries, including vietnam, indonesia, malaysia, brunei, the philippines and tai wap. in the east china sea, japan and taiwan are over a group of islands, sack u in japan and diaoyu island in china. china requested all aircraft in
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the areas identify themselves, from march. that overlapped japan's air zone. dr evan resnick is a foreign policy and security expert. he joins us live from singaore where the summit is happening, a summit that chuck hagel is attending. and we have heard strong words from chuck hagel there, but will it be followed up by strong action. tell us what can the u.s. actually do to stop china's aggression? >> well, thank you for having me. theoretically the u.s. has plenty of military assets in the region capable of dealing with chinese provocation. the u.s. continues to be the dominant military power, and that is set to increase over the next half a decade as the air force and navy re-orient the
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resources from the navy to the pacific. the u.s. has ample capabilities to make good on pledges, but it is whether it has the resolve to do so. >> will there be a confrontation between these two, the u.s. and china, given everything else involved, all the allies involved in that region? >> yes. in fact, two of the key claim apts -- claimant states involved in the maritime disputes are the philippines in the south china sea and japan, and they are u.s. freighty alloose. in the event of a war in china and the countries, the u.s. is beholden to enter the conflict on behalf of the partners. at the same time asian members are reluctant to antagonize chipee. beijing is -- china.
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beijing is a partner, but how much support will they give in terms of countering the china aggression. >> reporter: the asean countries are trying to strike a middle ground. they are away of a war. they try to serve as a buffer, a venue in which the various parties try to resolve their disputes in a negotiated manner. asian is really betwist and bebetween the two collosi of the region, the u.s. and china, trying to do its best to steady nerves and resolve the problems specifically. >> they are, indeed, and they are in a difficult position. if they had to choose, we'd know about china's influence in asia, particularly in south-east asia is engrained. we have the soft power, the economic power. how much of a threat is the u.s.
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to asia, to beijing's presence in the region? >> well, yes, the countries in the region, especially the asian countries are increasingly economically dependent on the china, that doesn't necessarily mean if china throws its weight around that they'll fall into line. many of these countries, including singapore have a long-standing strategic partnership with the united states. china has to be careful to use secretary hagel's terminology because it can push the countries in the middle into the arms of the united states, which is much further away than china, and also of a threat to the countries of the region. >> great getting your insight. thank you for that. >> evan speaking to us from singaore there. malawi now president is to
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be sworn in, hours after being declared the winner of a bitterly disputed election. peter mutharika was the main target of vote print-out, from the opposition party. the current president did try to have the current vote scrapped, and have new polls, promising she wouldn't stand again. the high court overruled "borderland", and the counting went on. on tuesday the election commission ordered a total recount of votes. on friday the hewitt stepped in, refusing to delay results. minutes later the winner was declared. we have had report from the capital. >> reporter: security forces in malawi tried to control an ecstatic control, from the democratic progressive party, celebrating good news - their
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man peter mutharika celebrating. >> people are happy. it's been a long day. happy that n.g.o.s cannot be mistaken. >> in the tellie center officials were overcome. a person was shot by police. officials appealed for calm as the win are of the election is announced. >> do you hereby declare candidate professor peter mutharika and mr lazarus chakwera of the democratic progressive party as president-collect and vice president-elect, respectivelily... [ cheering ] >> reporter: supporters
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seemicly can't wait to enjoy the victory. others are not impressed. joyce banda believes they were rigged. people wanted a recount. >> what is it that they are hiding? why the hurry, it is disappointing to say the least. all i can say is we are not taking this laying down. the court has two of them. like they say, we can appear within the next seven days. >> it's expected the president-elect can be sworn in. in the case of political opponents trying to stop it happening. >> the u.s. state department says an american has carried out a suicide bombing in syria for the first time. he is believed to have detonated his explosive in idlib province, attacking a restaurant popular with syrian government troops, making orders from al nusra, a
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group linked to al qaeda. >> we are concerned about the flow of foreign fighters into and out of syria. it is difficult to provide that level of analysis or a precise figure, but we are engaged in a focus outreach effort with governments concern the area of flow from foreign fighters to the syrian conflict. >> u.s. president barack obama will meet the new president collect. petero poroshenko is coming into the top job as ukraine's government promises to consider the photo against pro-russian separatists. we have a report from slovyansk, where the situation is tense and dangerous. >> reporter: it's these me the president-elect vowed to punish, the contight of fighters defending slovyansk against kiev's assault, who brought down a military helicopter with the service-air missile killing soldiers and a general.
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within minutes of the team arriving. seven more tar shells were fired. above the barricades, the flags of russia and their self-declared republic. the fighters are becoming battle hardened. they built bunkers, they can take shelters when the mortars rain down. the families here are most at risk. the russians said that the ukranian government in its latest military offensive is breaking the geneva convention, failing to protect the lives of civilians. evidence here that the more tar barrages are random, not aimed at targets. this is a maternity hospital. the nurses showed me the deadly shrapnel blown through the wards after an attack on thursday night. it was a miracle that nobody was
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killed here. the bar ards of shell sent glass. one nurse showed me a base where the children took shelter as the mortars rained around the hospital. we found a mother nursing a newborn baby, terrified. >> translation: of course we are afraid, especially when our own tomorrowy is attacking us, surrounding us. >> several hundred children have been evacuated. the streets are emptying, the sense of fear overwhelming. more to come on the prom. we report from tunisia on a generation of jobless young men and women who say the system is stacked against them. graffiti artists in brazil are ready for the world cup. unlike the stadium.
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families ripped apart... >> racial profiling >> sometimes they ask questions... sometimes they just handcuff people... >> deporting dreams... destroying lives... >> this state is literally redefining what it means to be a criminal alien fault lines al jazeera america's hard hitting... >> they're locking the doors... >> ground breaking... >> we have to get out of here... >> truth seeking... award winning investigative documentary series
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cl welcome back. the top stories here on al jazeera. u.s. defense secretary chuck hagel accused beijing of destabilizing the south china sea region, and warned that the u.s. would not ignore action from china that could threaten the region's long-term progress. malawi new president will be sworn in in the next hour or so. on friday peter mutharika was declared the winner of the his opponents say the vote was rigged and will challenge the outcome in court the us state department days an american carried out a suicide bombing in syria for the
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first time. he is believed to have detonated his explosives in idlib, attacking a restaurant pop ou loor with syrian troops. the u.s. secretary of geps had strong words on thailand's rulers, calling for democracy to be restored after the coup. the dieding market -- deciding factor is farmer president thaksin shinawatra. we trove to his home down. >> reporter: if you don't read thai, the posters say it all. this is a personnel matter for this man, they are loyal to that's correct sip and his sit -- thaksin and his sister yingluck shinawatra. this man watched them grow um.
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they are joined by the united democracy against dictatorship, known as the red shirts. this man was detained for five days in the arrests following the military coup. >> we have to wait and see if the army general who staged the coup can deliver what he promises, in bridging people together with no shirts. i wonder how he could make it happen. there are hardly any soldiers to be seen. >> life in the city goes on. scratch the surface and the nature of the political battle is apparent. >> the military in the heartland of support for thaksin shinawatra refused to say how many they detained as part of a crackdown. >> the military is going ahead with the contradictory campaign. they are offering medical services to people in red villages. nobody is enthusiastic.
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no medical notes are taken nor follow up offered. >> as a udd supporter i will watch to see what will happen in the next 3-6 months. we'd like to see if what he delivers is worth a military coup. >> no one but the general is now in charge, knows whether scenes like this will be repeated in the city. protests and media should down and unknown numbers arrested for unknown reasons. tuckey's prime minister urged young people to ignore calls for protests. demonstrators plan to mark the first anniversary of the that's correct sim square protests. last year's campaign against plans to redevelop istanbul's gezi park turned to mass rallies.
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a number of people died in the crackdown against them. >> al jazeera is continuing to demand the release of its journalists detained in egypt. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have been held in prison for 154 days, the trial due to resume on sunday. they are accused of conspiring with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. al jazeera rejects the charges against its staff. a fourth journalist has been held in a caro prison without charge for nine months. the law filed a third grievance with the attorney-general, demanding his release. he's requesting a medical report to document his poor health. the head of the organization that provide medical care to u.s. war veterans resigned. eric shinseki apologised for a massive cover up, and in many cases paperwork was altered to
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conceal the waiting times. >> reporter: this is how a u.s. president ends a scandal harming his reputation, with the announcement someone has taken the fall. >> a few minutes ago secretary eric shinseki offered me his own resignation. with regret, i accepted. . >> until friday morning ship was the head of the department of veterans' affairs, known as the v axe. doctors shortages, increased demand and the push to get veterans seen created a storm on ship's watch. in phoenix managers lied to headquarters about how long patients had to wait to see a doctor. 40 people died whilst waiting for an appointment. eric shinseki thought the cover up was a one off, but his review found 64% of centers lied about their scheduling performance.
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a separate audit said the phoenix problems were more serious. 1700 people called for appointments that were not schedule the, leading eric shinseki to apologise to veterans. >> we are apologising to the veterans waiting for appointments to bring them the care they need and deserve. we'll continue to access care for veterans nationwide, utilizing care in and outside the v.a. it was. >> reporter: it was too late. democrats and republicans spent the week calling for him to go. analysts agreed with the president - this is about politics. >> the president can talk about what he wants. the press said "we'll only talk about the issue that interests us, which is the hot issue of conditions in the veterans durings. that is what viewers and readers are interested in. so the press effectively said we are not going to cover anything else, and for the president, he said this had become a major
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distraction from what he wanted to talk about. >> president obama may have replaced his v.a. chief, but will need to do more to fix the problems at the agency and silence the question about his open management skills. a weapon in the fight against crime has taken off in mexico. police commanders hope it will make cities safer. >> reporter: it's the eye in the sky. the latest effort by police in the state of mexico to hunt down and capture criminals. from hundreds of metres above, the police force monitor neighbourhoods for suspicious activity. >> before we started the fly overs criminals would escape, scale walls and rooftops. when we arrived, it was too late. with the helicopters, we can pick up the trail and arrest them. >> the pilots are in contact
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with officers at the command center the the officers on the ground monitor the city streets with the help of security cameras. when they suspect a crime, the payments are called in to back up the operation. homicides are down 12% on a national level. not in the state of mexico. murders rose from 303 to 374. extortions and kidnappings are up dramatically. some government officials believe the spike in violence could be a result of cartels looking for new territory as the government pushes them out in the neighbouring state. the surge in crime worries mayors like that who use the plan. >> we see killings and kidnappings that we didn't see before. we are trying to take the measures so it doesn't spread to other cities. >> the president announced the plan to bolster security in his
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open state, sending in military and forces. extra boots on the ground may not be enough to curve the violence. it is important for the federation to help out the state of mexico government, because on the one hand federal forces are well trained, well paid, and well organised and work well together. however, the only way that crime levels in the state of mexico call in the meed yaum and long -- medium and long term is through municipal and state police departments, and judiciary. >> for the officers, fighting crime from the sky gives them a new perstective and a problem perspective and a powerful tool to make their city safer. >> in brazil the race is on to get sao paulo stadium finished for the world cup, which kicks off in two weeks. the area around the ground is looking ready, thanks to the graffiti artists.
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daniel schweimler has been taking a look. >> i'm in sao paulo, a short distance from the stadium, a main stadium in the world cup, where the opening match will be played between brazil and croatia, five others, and a semifinal, a long, very boring road. railway track and road on the other. a long, long wall, 4km of it, very dull that needed to be livened up. the authorities contracted graffiti artists to do their work, showing every element of football - compassion, emotion, disappointment, tragedy and victory. >> translation: this here is a 4km graffiti wall, the largest in south america. it involves 70 artists, my proposal fun watching the game, an anmags of the wall, a flip book. expressions of fans during the
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knam, starting -- game, starting with the beginning, tension, suddenness, until the goal. those driving down the road have the sensation of watching an animation frame by frame. >> reporter: nobody expected themselves on the football pitch better than the brazilians. the world cup is providing inspiration. >> they are a generation that challenged tooupizia's regime -- tunisia's regime. more than 20% of people are out of work. in the third part of the series, we have this report from north-west tooupizia. >> reporter: on the outsecurities, this woman is going door to door. she's a volunteer educating women about their rites. she has a degree in agriculture, but cannot find work. a problem is we don't have
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factories. there are only three. they don't pay well. the salary is $100 a month, you can't live on that. >> this is close to tunisia's border with algeria. there's participation for frayed and tourism. there are historical sites. the people here accuse the government of neglecting the region of. >> many left for tunisia's coastal downs or headed to europe. it estimated 60,000 crossed the mediterranean in the past three years. many behind spend their days in cafes, some giving up hope of finding work. >> mohammed says he understands why young people are not motivated. since graduating he can't find a permanent job. >> i know graduates who have been unemployed for five or six years. my message to government, civil societies is unemployed are the
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ones that created the revolution. >> reporter: this man is trying to raise money for a local historical walk. >> it's an element of our identity. >> reporter: it would create jobs and investment. he says he's blocked by unfair rules. >> the state is interfering asking where is your authorisation, whenever we try to do something. the administration process is hell. either they work with us or not, that's it. >> reporter: this festival is about celebrating freedom and culture. it was a new generation that challenged an old regime, leading to the arab spring. now, tunisia's government is spending more than it takes in. reviving the economy, and creating jobs is not going to be
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easy. and on sunday, here in al jazeera, youths in bank tell us the better their education, the higher the chances of being unemployed. and you can keep up to date with all our news on our website. >> it didn't take long. just a matters of days after the president publicly supported the secretary of veteran's affairs an efforts to fix the problems in the medical care, erik shinseki is out. that's the inside story. >> hello, i'm ray suarez. the veteran's administration