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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 17, 2014 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

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down because we have a free camp site. >> unfortunately we're out of time, i want to thank you. what a wonderful conversation. until next time, we'll see you online >> our reach is long. if you threaten america you will find no safe haven. we will find you eventually. >> on a mission to destroy the islamic state in iraq and the levant. president obama vows to go after the group but rules out using ground troops. where. >> you're watching al jazeera live from doha. i'm jane dutton. on this program, important
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players are missing from an international conference in spain. d-day minus one, the final day of campaigning in scotland ahead of the referendum on independence. and cycling through central african republic, how bike riding is bringing a new sense of hope. >> the u.s. president said more than 40 countries have offered to help an u.s.-led coalition to take on fighters from the islamic state in iraq and the levant. but barack obama said that the united states won't fight another ground war in iraq. obama has been talking to military personnel at the command center in florida about his plans. we're joined from washington, d.c. what are his plans. >> reporter: well, jane, not much new in the speech. more of a pep talk to the troops. one the one item is he has no
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intention of sending ground forces into iraq. look at the backdrop of this. his top military adviser went before the senate just yesterday, and he said that if the strategy doesn't work he would not hesitate to tell the president u.s. ground troops need to go back in iraq. a little bit of back and forth there. obviously the pentagon does not like it. but at the same time let's remember the president is command center chief. he is the only one who can say that troops are going in, and he is saying right now that he will not. >> you spoke about general john alan, top commander in afghanistan. he'll be heading this. tell us more about him. >> reporter: well, i can tell you one of the big questions is what does this coalition look like? when you talk about planes in the sky, so far there are only two other countries.
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there have been critics who say that there have to be more. who will make this happen? let's listen to what the president had to say about how it's shaping up. >> yesterday at the white house i mend with commander john allen. he's going to serve as america's special envoy to build and coordinate this incredible coalition. i called on congress to make sure you got all the authorities and resources you need to get the job done. >> reporter: so basically what's going to happen here is general allen is going to try to work with the allies to figure out who gives what and how.
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he's obviously no longer a member of the military so he cannot direct airstrikes but he has that relationship. but the more important thing. for this strategy to work the president believes that the sunni tribes who are currently fighting along the islamic state group, general john allen has a tall task in front of him. get these countries to do more, and at the same time get involved in internal iraqi politics. >> thanks for that. now the kurdish forces fighting against the islami islamic state say they have launched an offensive. there are reports that 12 civilians have been killed in fallujah after heavy shelling and iraqi airstrikes. we're in erbil with more on the
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fighting. >> reporter: i have just come back from the front line just ten kilometers from the main border crossing from syria and mosul city. the kurdish forces are saying they don't have the ammunition or the weapons to hold the line there much longer. they say the attract are softening up those around them. but they need boots on the ground to help fight the battle. there has been one successful airstrike mission completed. over 20 isil fighters were killed in the bombing attack in tikrit. we're hearing reports that the citadel has been blown up by isil fighters there. one other explosion west of ramadi, killing seven people.
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>> in madrid to find a solution to the political crisis in libya. right now there are two comple completed governments official invited a representative from only one of those governments. the one they backed. we also understand that the promise of that government has announced a new crisis cabinet. the united nations said lynn i can't is on the brink of a conflict and civil strife. >> those groups want to destroy legitimacy. they want the fighting and the bloodshed to continue. this painful situation is creating increasing desire for revenge increasing division instead of unity. >> referring to an agreement between the leadership in egypt, he had this to say.
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>> the agreement draft is a violation to the sovereignty of the libyan state. and it opens the way for foreign interference. sect, the so-called government has no power to conclude any political agreement of that kind because such a strategic matter needs to be done by the permanent government. >> we have been following that meeting. we have more from madrid. >> reporter: once their message came out of this co conference is that they put their weight behind the libyan government, and perhaps two governments and the absence of the opposition government based in tripcally is something that will throw the effectiveness or whatever this road map is that they're talking about into question. when i asked the libyan foreign minister how they plan to achieve this, it's very clear that the opposition government has no intention of giving up power. he made it clear that they're against legitimacy.
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they're trying to empose ideology on the libyans. they're moderate and they're not used to any form of extremism. the elected government is the one, and should be the only one who has the use of force. certainly the road map they spoke of did not really layout how that would devolve. they talked about he's armament, but how would they do that in a country awashed in weapons. men heavily armed, different militias, it was not clear how it would be tackled. what is clear any resolution would have to come from libya. the politicians, the militia leaders, and those are the tribal leaders. only when they sit together at the same table really can libya's problems really start to be resolved. >> 13 people have been killed in a college in northeastern nigeria. 30 people were injured.
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condition men stormed the college firing at students as they tried to flee. no group has claimed responsibility. gunmen came into the college and fired on students. a few seconds after another gunman or another suicide-bomber walked into another class and exploded a device. the political commissioner, more than 30 other people have been injured. among the 15 are two suicide-bombers. abuja has been attacked by boko haram earlier this year, but kano has been quiet for some time now. they've had attacks, but this
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new development is raising fears that probably they have larger sleeper cells in kano. originally the security forces thought that the boko haram in kano had been dealt with, but now with this current attack definitely there is another think coming. >> calling for help against ebola. they welcome the u.s. plan to tackle the outbreak describing it as a significant moment. liberia has been hardest hit by the disease which has killed close to 1300 people there. the u.s. soldiers will help contain the disease. the world bank is warning that it could have a catastrophic impact. it could grow eight-fold, and
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drain billions of dollars from liberia, guinea and sierra leone. the world bank said it could be limited if quickly contained. >> reporter: afghanistan's worst year in a long time according to a defense minister. all summer afghan forces have been fighting. this operation is in the north. there are battle fronts in nearly every corner of the nation. more than 2300 police and army forces have died since march and almost twice that injured in taliban and other attacks. civilians are suffering, too. 559 killed and three times that injured in the past six months. when those numbers became public the parliament summoned the
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defense and interior ministers to explain. the defense minister blamed pakistani intelligence for some of the increased fighting. and the fact that forces are in charge for the first time as many nato troops have left. >> the enemies of the afghanistan people, the ones behind the war thought they wouldn't be able to defeat them, they don't have capacity or an air force and other problems that we know and talked about for a long time. >> but members of parliament were not impressed saying that that they were not answering questions. interior minister calmed things down explaining he understood there were many security problems that the government would like to fix but doesn't have the resources. the increased in fighting has been attributable to the political vacuum. april coincided with the on set of the fighting season. six months later there is still
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no president. afghans hope there will be a new president soon, and the fighting usually dies down as winter sets in. that should give afghan forces to exam lessons learned this year and prepare for next year's fighting season. >> early results in fiji's election suggests thi the win at the ballot box.
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al jazeera. u.s. president barack obama reaffirmed he does not intend to send ground troops into combat against the islamic state in iraq and the levant. on tuesday his top military commander said under certain circumstances u.s. ground forces may be needed. kurdish forces in northern iraq say they need foreign troops to help stop the advance of the islamic state in iraq and the levant. the peshmerga fighters struggling to hold their lines against the group. more than a dozen country have met to find a solution to the crisis in libya. the u.n. is warning that the situation could descend into a civil conflict. the military is continuing to launch attacks on several cities. activists say more than a dozen people were killed in an airstrike on a market outside of damascus. further north shelling and attract on thair strikes, these
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picks have been up loaded online and cannot be independently verified. the video shows a young boy being rescued after an apparent air bombing by syrian forces in aleppo. this video purportedly shows the rescue and again al jazeera cannot verify its legitimacy. syrian refugees putting a huge strain on communities. from beirut we have this report. >> reporter: thousands of refugees have been turned back. new rules on who is eligible for injury have been implemented, and a new strict criteria will soon be enforced.
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they say there is no room to take in any more. >> we have asked the u.n. refugee agency to remove from their list any syrian refugee who visits syria interio for any reason. >> syria still has cheap medical treatment for chronic diseases, for example. >> it's not about why they go. if they go there is no threat of persecution on them and they lose their eligibility to be refugees. >> for millions of refugees lebanon is the only place left, and it's effectively turning it's back on them. but even for the refugee who is are already in lebanon there is a new threat. an anti-syrian refugee sentiment that is spreadingout lebanon and making it difficult to survive conditions in a refugee's life. this father says he may have to
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sleep with his six children on this street after his landlord and employers threw him out. >> i can't go back to syria. how can anyone expect me to take my children to the bombings and death. >> reporter: they blame the 1.3 million syrians for their economic problems. this come said that security forces raided her home and arrested her four sons and husband. she wants the u.n. to help her find them and release them. the serge for suspected armed fighters hiding among the refugees are suspected and hundreds of syrian refugees are detained and questioned. >> where do they want the syrians to go. go to syria and be held there? we'll die of hunger. >> desperate they come to the u.n. as a last resort, but they
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say there is little anyone is doing to pull them out of this misery. al jazeera, beirut. >> final campaign pushes on in scotland. they say in 24 hours voters will decide whether they want independence in the u.k. opinion pole suggests it is a tight race. if the campaign wins they will end the union of 300 years. tell me about the role that media has had in covering this referendum. what is your take on it? >> reporter: well, the media has played a huge role in this campaign. one of the very interesting things i think this is a very unusual campaign. the range of news outlets would
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take a particular possession on the outcome of the board. in this case it's almost unprecedented that the whole of the mainstream media with one exception, a paper in scotland, have actually all supporting westminster campaign, the "we're together" campaign, it's very, very difficult in a way for the yes campaign to penetrate that. but what we have seen is social media, the social media campaign in the yes campaign has been much more active, and more spontaneous. one of the roles it's led in challenging the mainstream media, so we see the role of social media. if it doesn't pull out in the
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same way. >> from what you've said and the slant you're talking about, it really will expose how effective media's role is in changing people's opinions, directing their thoughts. >> well, as a media scholar, absolutely i've been looking at the way the media and people's attitudes and behaviors and how they would lean in an election like that. but then what you would have to then see is very interesting. the polls are predicting that it's going to be head-to-head. you have to be thinking i how the mainstream media and the support it's give the no-campaign may not be as effective as imagined. the mobilizing the support villa the variety of different groups
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involved in social media campaign, the campaigns have been very, very good connecting with the grassroots and doing the door-to-door campaigning that is so important. but what is also the case is that you're beginning from a possession of--and thi this is not peculiar to scotland, but there is a level of distrust in our mainstream politicians, particularly the politicians were westminster, and actually constructing the yes as avoiding the establishment. >> interesting talking with you. i look forward to seeing the headlines that are always so interesting coming from that part of the world. fiji's leadership heading to the election. fiji's first party has con
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secured 59% of the vote. it's the first vote that india indian-fijians have been able to take part. >> the interim prime minister has been fiji's biggest character for almost a decade. >> today is about democracy. >> free and fair election. >> until wednesday fiji's prime minister had never faced an election. >> he has ruled fiji since 2006, but he has never been elected. what he's looking for now isn't so much power as legitimacy. it was a coup eight years ago that put him in the top job, issuing decrees, leaned on the media and put allies in key jobs. fiji was suspended from the commonwealth, australia and
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new zealand withdrew investment and aid. but new chinese money kept the economy going. and the home then was that this election would be free, fair, and a return to democracy. joe is 23. so before wednesday he had never voted. >> we'll choose next in government. >> we appreciate the moment. >> i think this is a great moment and we need to make the right choice. >> was the election fair? some parties were banned from standing. the fijian media has been firmly behind the current prime minister. their verdicts will be delivered on thursday. as the votes are counted, fiji's
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first party took an early lead but victory will only be partial until the election is judged to be fair. other countries are keen to re-establish links with fiji partly to counter china's growing sphere in the pacific. >> in pakistan health workers are spanning to stop a hell crisis. it is fear that stagnant waters could spread diseases. >> reporter: this huge tide of floodwaters is now moving through southern pakistan. it's in the southern punjab area and causing a great amount of damage in areas.
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engineers come in and spread out across agriculture land and protect some of the main cities. at the same time, hundreds of villages are under floodwaters and waters are starting to go down. people are hoping in the next couple of weeks they'll be able to return home and see if anything is left. we're going now to take a look with me is the bola family. 15 people live here and they're farmers. what has happened to your farm and your house? >> we have nothing to eat.
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all of our crops are underwater and we have nothing to survive. >> giving people a sense of freedom and hope. here is the respect? immediate the members of bangui's bicycle club. these days the sound of gunfire in the capitol has been replaced by car horns. the cyclists still have to maneuver their way around market stores and dodge the many potholes. they ride out of the city and into the bush. this town is one of only two well-paved roads out of the capitol. lopez toyama started the club in 2007. >> when i feel completely fulfilled and stress free. when i have a lot of problems cycling makes me feel like the world belongs to me.
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>> reporter: in the past year and a half riders have been speeding up and down these roads. now the route is patrolled by international peace keepers, and it's peace again. >> reporter: in a country traumatized by conflict cycling gives these men and women a sense of freedom and hope. this is also a country recently divided along ethnic and religious lines but this club does not put up with intolerance. the youngest member of the team. >> here in our divisions here we don't talk about muslims or christians. we are one family. training sessions are getting more competitive with only six spots open outside of the central african republic. >> we identify ourselves with great cyclists.
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when you watch tour de france it is our dream to take part. one day one of us will do it. >> reporter: this is one of the poorest countries in the world. and the club needs equipment and money. for these passionate men and women they continue to show the world that sports can make a difference in people's lives. al jazeera, bangui. >> ferguson missouri, the spark for what would become daily street protests was the killing of an unarmed african american teenager. frican american teenager. gunned down by a white police officer on august the 9th.