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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 19, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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^ here scotland voters say no to independence from the u.k. >> the people of scotland have spoken. and it is a clear result. they have kept our country of four nations toot. -- four nations together. hello, i'm darren jordan with the world news. also ahead, ebola declared a
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threat to world security as sierra leone begins a 3-day lockdown. >> international flights are cancelled as rebel fighters advance into the capital. welcome to the programme. voters in scotland have rejected independence and chosen to stay as part of the u.k. it meant the end of a 300-year-old union between scotland and the rest of the u.k. scotland's alex salmond admitted defeat but called on greater powers to be delivered to scotland. david cameron said it was a clear win for the no campaign. >> let us also remember why it was right to ask the definitive question - yes or no. because now the debate has been settled for a general aches, or as alex salmond as said, perhaps for a lift.
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there can be no disputes, no re-runs, we have heard the settled will of the scottish people. >> i think the process by which we have made our decision was a nation, brings enormous credit on scotland. a turp-out of 86 -- turn out of 86% is one of the highest in the democratic world. this has been a triumph for the democratic process, and for participation in politics. let's take a look at the results with almost all of those tallied. 45% have voted yes to independence, while 55% voted no. barnaby phillips is at the u.k.'s parliament in westminster. let's cross to jonah hull. so a clear victory for the no campaign. there must be a sense of disappointment for the
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nationalists, who thought they'd win. >> well, i think there's pound to be a sense of disappointment, of course, among the nationalists. yes, you are right, within the last fortnight they had the first inkling in two years that they may win. they have not won outright. that will disappoint them. i think the disappointment will be tempered by the sense of what they have achieved here. alex salmond made the point that 1.6 million scots voted for independence. 45% of the electorate. an enormous chunk of people. six months ago the yes vote was behind. two weeks ago a poll came out, the firstingling that they may win. politicians were spooked. rushed up, made promises of extra powers to the scots. what they achieved now is the possibility, the likelihood of
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greater self determination within the stability and security of the union, and they have served notice, alex salmond, on the politicians in westminster, that they'll be held to account. i don't think many will consider that an outright defeat. >> the post mortems have probably started, but what does it mean for scotland and its place in the union? >> well, of course, it means that this 307-year-old union remains intact. does it mean there'll be no change in scotland? certainly not. there'll be extra powers, something that we'll hear from barnaby about the process. we'll have to start immediately. the scots will have the ability to have control over the way they raise taxes, spend money and forge policies.
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this is a country that has been through the ringer in the last two years of the campaign, it's acrimonious, it's been divided and divisive. there'll need to be a lot of healing down so people can pick up the pieces and get on with the result and move forward. >> crossing live now to barnaby phillips at westminster. they must be breathing a sigh of relief. as jonah hull said in edinburgh, there's a lot of work to do, promises in scotland. >> yes, promises made to scotland, and in the process of delivering those promises, politicians in westminster will have to answer other questions about how the u.k. as a whole is governed. one man who has been prominent is a guest, john redwood, a conserving member of the parliament. i know you are relieved at the result from scotland.
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is the u.k. stronger this morning? >> of course it is. the scots expressed a verdict and wish to stay a part of the u.k. we now need justice for england as well. england is about 85% of the u.k., and scotland 8%, and we need to live happily together, that's what we wish to do. it means if there's going to be more home rule for scotland, there has to be the same amount of home rule for england. >> so an english parliament? >> i think we parliamentarians at westminster, the u.k. parliament can do both jobs. all those of us at the big parliament in the u.k., who represent english parts of the union should meet on our own, and sort out the english issues whilst the scots have their own matters in edinburgh. >> sounds complicated, i see a u.k. government, labour, for example, the party in opposition, because they rely on scottish members of parliament,
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but england may be dominated by your party, the conservatives much that sounds complicated. >> it's not complicated. if we had the party, we'd be true to electors, and that is what happens in scotland. they have a scottish nationalist government. they'll never form the government of the u.k., because you only get them in scotland and they are 8% of the union, they make their own decisions on the matters devolved to them. i wish to do the same in england, if we have a conservative majority, i, as a conservative, will be happy. >> we saw an energization in scotland, a turn out of over 80%. do you feel that people in the other parts of the u.k., including england, feel involved in this same way. you are talking about an english parliament. what is the popular appetite there. >> there's a surge of enthusiasm
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for english votes and issues, for an english parliament. english people have a sense of fairness, we wish to be fair to scotland and honour promises made to scotland, and be fair to ourselves. fairness means english people have to maybe the decisions for england. >> thank you. as you can see, the political debate is beginning. back to you in doha. >> barnaby phillips in westminster. >> thank you. let's move on to the other story. a 3-day nationwide shutdown. confining people to their homes has come in effect in sierra leone. of the virus killed over 2,000 people, a third from sierra leone. health workers will go from house to house to identify andest late victims. critics say it is likely to destroy trust between doctors and people.
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seven bodies in neighbouring guinea have been found, after an attack on health workers. they were working to raise awareness, but wept missing on thursday. three journalists were killed also. well, the u.n. security council dislard the ebola -- declared the ebola outbreak a threat to peace and stability. our diplomatic editor james basereports. >> reporter: a unanimous vote on a rare meeting on a public health crisis. the resolution pledging support for the fight to stop the spread of ebola, a fight that the world is losing. the outbreak is the largest that the world has seep. the number of cases is doubling. through the cases in liberia,
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there are more. >> reporter: he's calling for a 20 fold increase to tackle ebola, a total of $1 billion, and a u.n. mission is being set up. >> this unprecedented situation requires unprecedented steps to save lives and safeguard peace and security. therefore, i have decided to establish a united nations emergency health commission. >> right now, as i speak doubt doubt. >> the security council heard first hand testimony from a doctor in liberia, who lost two of his cousins, nurse, to the disease. jackson namer said his hospital is having to turn patients away. >> we are trying to treat as many as we can. but there are not nearly enough treatment center and beds. we have to turn people away, and
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they day. >> the global effort to night the disease is stepping up. next week there'll be a summit on ebola, when world leaders gather in new york at the u.n. general assembly. >> the u.s. congress backed president obama's $500 million plan to train rebels considered moderates by washington. it's part of the strategy to combat the islamic state of iraq and levant, also known as i.s.i.l. the u.s. carried out more than 170 air strikes against i.s.i.l. in iraq in august. more are expected in syria. >> these syrian opposition forces are fighting the brutality of i.s.i.l., terrorists and the tyranny of the bashar al-assad regime. we ramped up assistance, including military assistance to the syrian opposition.
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with this effort we'll provide training and equipment to help them grow stronger and take on i.s.i.l. assistance in syria. it will be matched by support for the iraqi government and kurdish forces in iraq. >> the u.s. defense department told al jazeera air strikes killed around 40 i.s.i.l. fighters at a straining camp near mosul. another damaged an i.s.i.l. ammunition dump. elsewhere in iraq 22 have been killed, 50 others wounded in bombings in baghdad. two attacks happened in the shia distribute of kadamir. a car bomb exploded in the afghan neighbourhood. >> al jazeera demands the release of its three journalists imprisoned in egypt. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have now been detained for 265 days. they are falsely accused of aiding the muslim brotherhood,
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and are appealing against their conviction. >> still to come - about to strike it rich. the chinese e-commerce giant getting ready for a launch. dangers increased since the ceasefire last month. more on that, stay with us.
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. >> welcome back, a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. voters in scotland rejected independence and have chosen to stay with the u.k. scotland's first minister alex
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salmond accepted defeat but called on the parties to deliver on promises of greater powers to scotland. u.k. prime minister david cameron promised to honour the commitment made during the campaign, calling it a clear win. he said it was time to move forward together. let's bring the latest pictures coming in here to us. the final declaration from the highlands in scotland who again voted clearly in favour of rejecting independence. the latest pictures in scotland, voting in favour of staying with the union. for more on the scottish referendum, let's cross to london. >> thank you very much. obviously it has been an anxious night here in london. now, as you mentioned, the results are in, let's go over the results for the viewers joining us now.
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45% voted yes to scottish independence. 60% no. and with that latest tally that we saw coming in, that means over 2 million people voted to stay within the u.k. now, the turn out has been remarkable. around 86 per crept, as high as 90% in some parts. now to discuss the implications we speak to steven barker, political economist. we look at it now, 45 to 55, a 10 point difference, some opinion polls had the yeses in front weeks ago. and certainly it was neck and neck. what gave us a 10 point divide when everyone thought it would be so close. >> i expect this will be discussed for weeks and months to come. i wonder if there was a fair bit
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of no vote within the polls, it's wider than many expected. >> there were, some would say, threatening tactics from westminster, especially with firnal issues, over the -- financial issues, over the currency. do you think that played a big part, the economic aspect. there was a concerted effort from the parties. all three main parties, throwing everything they could at scotland to convince the scottish people to vote no, and the big uncertainty is what would happen to the pound, what currency would the scottish people have, and right up to the wire the main parties were clear, that london would not let scotland have the pound and the bank of england, the security of the bank of england. that was crucial. >> let's look at the market. some people were predicting carnage if there was a yes vote.
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>> the situation is different had it been a yes vote. the pound was up against the dollar. strong numbers that seem to have come back a little. early trading on the equity markets on shares. we saw some of that recovering yesterday in anticipation of a rejection of independents. >> scotland will stay in the union, and a lot of concessions made in words by the government here in london. what detail do we have about the concessions? >> we have little in detail. there were big headline promises of greater autonomy for scotland. people use the words for dooefo max, and it seems to have fallen out. def lugs max which seems to have
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fallen out of the language this morning. we saw david cameron making a statement, talking about a balanced settlement. it's no longer just about scotland, it's about england, and crucially about england. what settlement will the west of the u.k. have. it's about the fact that 45% of voters in scotland did vote to leave the union. what do you think - do you think westminster will take it seriously? >> i think they have to. there's a truth about referendums, they don't kill off an issue for good, as many expect. you only have to go back to the referendum on britain, the economic community in 1975 to find the opposition labor party pledging to leave europe. when you have 45% of the electorate, not just in a vague sense, but actively voting to leave, i wonder if it's an issue
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that will return. alex salmond talked about an issue gone for a generation or a lifetime, but i heard people talking about that in terms of 15 years, which is hardly a lifetime. >> steven, you are staying with us, i am sure you'll touch on the issues. steven barber from london, south bank. scotland will remain as part of the u.k. the union that lasted for 307 years will continue not as we know, there'll probably be changes, and we'll find out the details in the coming months. >> we'll see you throughout the morning. foreign airlines have suspended flights after houthi rebels have attacked. >> reporter: forced to leave the belongings they can take with them. these are people in a distribute
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of yemen. thousands of houthi fighters have been protesting in the city, demanding that the government resign, and advanced towards the airport after taking control of other areas in the capital. people say sa gathering of houthi surrounding universities and tried to storm a camp, as the conflict dragged on, yemenis are suffering. >> all in sit utes are shut down. unemployment here is worsening. the situation has had a bad impact on my life. i hope the government can solve the crisis and control the situation. >> soldiers are report to have left their positions in the north of the capital as fighters approach. there was more heavy fighting in the out skirts. more than a dozen were taken to hospital. what started as an anti-government protest has
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become a bigger conflict. critics accused the cleric of facing to leave. >> troops, loyal allies are in the thousand. they have not been seen anywhere white the hewitt yes continue to expand and he complains. it. >> reporter: the president's government is concerned about becoming involved in a prolonged conflict and hopes diplomacy will resolve the crisis. the leader of the fighters has been met by the u.n. they are trying to arrange talks between houthi leaders, yemeni representatives and head of security. for the numbers killed, a commitment by all sides for the moment seems a life-time. ukraine's president asked the u.s. congress for more
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fights against the pro-russian separatists. he asked for assistance, including arms, and asked for washington to pose more sanctions on moscow and to give ukraine special status. he got no weapons, but president obama blejed a package worth $40 million, and $7 million in aid. >> reporter: ukraine's president petro porashenko met with the u.s. president obama in the obviously office for an hour. when the media was allowed in, it was clear that the ukranian leader did not get what he came for, spelling out what he believed the country needed in a joint session to congress. >> please understand me. blankets, night vision is important. one cannot win the war with blankets. even more, we cannot keep the
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peace with blankets, and this is most important of our values, of our aid, not to win the war, but keep the peace. >> so far the white house ruled out providing that lethal assistance to the ukrainian military, fearing that it would escalate the situation, leading to a proxy war with russia. instead the ukranian president is heading home with an additional 46 million worth of nonlethal aid. >> chinese internet client alley backa is set to launch what could be a valuable share sale. it priced shares at $68. it's expected to tried on the new york stock exchange on friday. alley boba has been valued at close to 168 million, making it bigger than amazon. >> a lot of reason it's successful, they have gone after customers under served by the
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industry. in e-commerce, payments, taxi, looking at mutual funds, where they have the fourth-largest fund. i think they have developed good products and solutions. it's not that it was allowed to grow by the chinese governments, but they built products and services that the consumers wanted. >> home depot says 56 million debit and credit cards may have been compromised in an attack on its systems. the data theft happened in april and september. the home improvement chain says the malware has been eliminated. tourists are trying to leave the mexican coast after hurricane odile. the area has been without electricity and water for days. the mefl can government has been organising evacuation efforts. >> japan has announced cuts in
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the antarctic next year. the international whaling commission voted to impose limits on the scientific whaling programme. the rwc says japan should abide by a ruling and the hunt wasn't for search purposes. it was maintained that most whale species were not endangered. >> gaza's fishermen struggled to work under the blockade, restricting how far palestinian boats could sale. as charles stratford reports, fishermen are being shot, arrested and offered bribes to spy. >> reporter: this man and his crew set off from gaza's port. israeli gun boats could appear at any times. the gunmen ban fishing boats from sailing more than six nautical miles from the coast.
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>> the area is not big enough. we are about 5,000 fishermen. i need $2,000 every day to operate the boats. i can't cover my costs. >> israel's blockade of the gaza strip means fishing the waters was dangerous long before the war. mohammed shows me what he describes as bullet holes. >> this happened before the war. three israeli navy boats cut our nets, shot at us and confiscated my other boat. >> fish stocks here are deplead. the fishermen tell us since the wareneded they are suffering -- war ended they are suffering threats. one fisherman arrested and police says he was offered money to spy. this man was fishing within the area that israel allows when the israeli navy aarrested and
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confiscated his boat. >> translation: they handcuffed us, leaving us blindfolded in a room for three or four hours. they asked for names of people in hamas, offering me money to work for them. >> reporter: up the coast a naval vessel circles a palestinian fishing bolt. it's about 100 motors within the permitted area. after the israeli disappears. three fishing boats cross the boundary, venturing in, and turn back. this man lives on the coast inside the fishing exclusion zone and is in hospital after the israeli military shot him in the leg. >> translation: i have been living and fishing here since 1956, and was in my boat, 100 metres from the beat. the army shouted to me from a jeep -- shot at me from a jeep on the shore. >> mohammed and the crew are happy with their catch, getting
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around $10 for the haul, and risk staying out at sea all night. independence wasn't the only thing they have been voting on in scotland. the royal and ancient golf club in st andrew's voted to allow women members for the first time in his history. of the three-quarters, 85% agreed to allow women to join the club. a disease that used to kill peoples in the bunches is now threatening to kill in the tens of thousands. not just about the tragedy, but tumbling economies and the chance of weak states. ebola, is the inside story.