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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 22, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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cultural history will be lost. >> a peace deal for yemen, government and houthi rebels agree to work together - but, will it end the fighting? welcome to al jazeera live from doha. i'm darren jordan. also coming up, more than 1,000 kurds flee into turkey to escape i.s.i.l. the biggest ever climate change marks, thousands drawing attention to rising sea lemps and temperatures.
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playing for peace can musical harmonies bring about political harmonies amid all the fighting in iraq. welcome to the programme, yemen's government signed a peace deal with hewittie rebels -- houthi rebels, following days of violence. shia rebels have been advancing for weeks and took over key buildings. the u.n.-brokered agreements gives the houthis and other factions more say in how the country is governed. >> reporter: it's a deal where a shia are likely to dominate the government for time to come. the houthis on sunday bombeded their way through sanaa, taking control of government buildings and the military command. by the time they completed the assault, a peace agreement was signed. the president called it
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historic. all the parties and factions supported by the international community, we have secured this agreement, which we hope will bring a new dawn to yemen. we commend the efforts of the u.n. suspiciously envoy, and i urge all to work together to implement the agreement. >> reporter: the u.n.-brokered agreement tackled all the major issues, but was short on specificses in crucial aspects, such as security and the houthi takeover of the capital. >> reporter: the president holds transparent consultations with all parties to establish a techknow accurate government within a month of the -- techknow accurate government within a month. the new government must be inclusive of all representatives of the society. the duties of the government will be delegated. within three days of signing the deal the president must appoint two political advisors, were
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from the southern peace movement. a new non-part stan prime minister must be appointed. >> another special body will be tasked with resolving the security situation in the northern areas, that are now under houthi control. the agreement did not clearly say when the fighters will pull out from the capital, or when they'll put down their arms. >> the houthis said that their campaign to topple the government will come to an end once the deal is fully implemented. 9 offensive started from a strong hold in the north. from there they surged south, taking a string of important cities, before reaching the capital. >> in sanaa, the supporters stabled demonstrations demanding an inclusive government and cuts to prices. some say the real goal is to
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cease power. >> the latest violence is the biggest challenge yemen faces in its transmission to democracy. the houthis refuse to turn into a political party. several peace agreements between them, and the yemeni governments crumbled in the past. sunday's agreement is no exception, in view of the circumstances under which it came to light. >> the u.n. says 100,000 refugees crossed into turkey in the past two days. turkey opened its boarder no north-east syria. i.s.i.l. fighters seized dozens, and tensions are high as security forces clashed with kurd protesting in solidarity with the refugees. >> australia is expected to resettle nearly 5,000 refugees from iraq and syria. the success in stopping asylum seekers boats allows it to welcome more refugees. andrew thomas sent this report.
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>> abdul never went to the gym when he lived in syria. in his new home in australia, working out is how he spends is big part of his day. >> translation: i'm in australia on my ob and loneliment the only place i can use my energy is the gym. >> before the arab spring, he ran a shop. he joined the resistance, and helped to get video evidence out of syria. in 2011 that got him arrested. he was held and tortured for 20 days before bribing guards to release him. within 48 hours he left syria to lebanon, there he applied to the unhcr. leading to a new life in australia. he is grateful, but lonely, waiting for an english course to begin, hoping that when he's better able to communicate,
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he'll find employment. right now, his days are pretty empty. >> i'm a refugee. home is where my family is. i'm grateful for the reception and assistance i have had here. >> he knows hundreds of thousands of fellow syrians are stuck in lebanon. >> with much fanfare australia committed to take 4,000 refugees, refusing visas to those arriving illegally by boat has, the government said, freed up spaces for more deserving people who apply through the unhcr. australia is not doing enough. >> we set aside some places within the programme for syrian refugees, compared to what other countries are doing, it pales in comparison. >> reporter: this man hopes members of his family will be able to join him as settled refugees. australia government has been criticized for the way it
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streets asylum seekers who make their way to australia by boat. the reply is by being tough on those that arrive through the back door, it can be more generous to those that apply through official channels, like hack im. >> more than 300,000 people marched through the streets of new york city, in what may have been the largest climate change protest history. among them ban ki-moon, former u.s. vice president al gore, and the actor leonardo gi caprio. christen saloomey reports. this is more than an action, it's a movement. it's led on the front lines by climate change. from coastal communities losing their neighbourhoods, to rising sea levels and extreme weather, to indigenous groups travelling interest the south-west of the united states. >> the delegation that we have brought, we are impacted by development. we have a boom of fracking going
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on on the reservation. history of uranium mining, and where i work it's cold country. >> we felt the negative impact. we are here to push for a transition. >> plenty of dignitaries on hand, including former vice president and climate activist al gore, and the united nations secretary-general ban ki-moon. ban has convened a climate summit in new york or tuesday. there are efforts under way to reach a binding international agreement by next year. nothing will happen in new york, the u.n. the big action is on the streets. this is a claing christopher gibson movement coming -- climate change movement coming of age, demonstrating it is a profound concern. it's the biggest political gathering about anything in the united states in many years. and that is the message above all that we need to get across.
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>> environmental activists have been down the road before. what is different is the broad coalition that is supporting that. from groups to labour unions. they are hoping to create a ground swell of support for action. major junions brought thousands of people, reflecting labour's position on how climate action will impact jobs and the economy. >> it will not hurt the economy. it's the only choice we have. if we don't combat climate change, our economy will be devastated. activists are calling for an agreement that will keep the rise in temperature under 2 degrees, and switching to clean energy by 2050. they say we must act now or pay the price later. u.s. secretary of state john
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kerry has been meeting iran's foreign minister in new york. the talks took place in a third day of nuclear discussions between iran and world powers. separating it apart from a nuclear issue, and posed a threat by i.s.i.l. the secretary and prime minister agreed to meet further, as needed whilst in new york this week. this is the founder and president of the national iranian american council. >> the topic has been discussed between the two sides from earlier in july, when mosul was sacked. it's important that it is a little out in the open. both sides need each other, and there is coordination taking place behind the scenes. there appears to be a greater comfort level, keeping the collaboration behind the scenes, rather than in the open. i'm not sure it's the rite track to go. there may be a need for an open policy about this.
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it's a strong common interest that the two sides have. it's about whether the united states, iran and iraq work in tandem with each other on the issue, rather than letting political issues get in between them. it is important, it's a strong threat to all three, and one thing that in the past has exasperated problems and created difficulty was when united states and iran used the theatres to compete, rather than to collaborate. the cost of competition is high. the benefits quite high. >> three year lockdown to limit the spread of ebola in sierra leone has come to an end. thousands of volunteers went door to door to educate residents. the deputy chief medical officer says 20 new cases were discovered. >> a spanish priest has been flown madrid for treatment.
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in afghanistan there were low-key demonstrations in the capital kabul after ashraf ghani was named the president-elect. a power sharing arrangement with rival abdullah abdullah solved three months of political deadlock. >> translation: we congratulate ashraf ghani and abdullah abdullah on the formation of a unity government and hope to have a peaceful government informant future. still to come - victims of crimes by african peacekeepers demand justice. plus date day. >> i'm in punjab, tens of thousands sick with abdominal problems and skin diseases after the floods. coming up, how doctors are coping.
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welcome back, a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. yemen's government signed a peace deal with houthis rebels, following days of finals killing people in the city. hours before, houthis took over government buildings in the city. i.s.i.l. fighters seized dozens of villages in nearby syria in recent days. tensions are high. security forces clashed with kurds, protesting solidarity with the refugees. >> more than 300,000 people marched in the streets of new york city on sunday as part of a global campaign to urge policy
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makers to take action on climate change. several countries around the world participated. let's return to the situation in yemen, and talk to peter salisbury. peter, the peace deal has been signed. what happens next, and is it likely to hold? >> well this is the big question here in sanaa today. what happens next. last night we saw this deal signed. but we also saw the houthis express reservations arrived security provision, military withdrawal from sanaa and other parts of the country. we have a deal that has given the houthis greater say in the way that government is run, probably a number of cabinet seats. a say in the way the prime minister is appointed, and a number of other concession, while at the same time they have said that they will not withdraw from sanaa, or other areas of
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the capital. the question now is whether anyone will fight back. the government is at peace with them, but the people, the forces who they fought against over the last 1.5-2 years, various tribal and islamist elements may be looking for revenge in the coming days, weeks and months. particularly al qaeda and the arabian peninsula, the local franchise. >> does that mean the houthis have got everything they wanted, and is there in any way that that could undermine the government and leadership politically, because they conceded too much to the houthis? >> well, the houthis have got what they wanted, and the issue is at the moment we have a caretaker government which we place within probably a couple of weeks to a month, and we have a prime minister placed within a mart of days, and they'll be replaced by people who the houthis effectively approve or
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nominate. the point is not so much the government will have a problem with the houthis, but they have a huge say in the way the government is run. so in terms of making the government look illegitimate or week, they are now part of the political system. it's yet to be seen whether that will be a good or bad thing, whether it will allow them to play a role in politics, or expand territorially. >> what about the situation on the streets. you have been covering the story, the fighting has been raging in sanaa. is the peace deal likely to stop the violence? >> this is the thing. when you listen behind me, and we have been doing lives, you hear gunfire and shelling pretty much at every moment. for the last 12 hours it's been quiet. houthis achieved their military aims, taking the camp that they wanted to take, and the defense
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headquarters effectively rolled over, allowed them to walk in, and the interior ministry told his forces to cooperate with the houthis. we have a situation where there is no more fighting, but it's not because there has been a peace accord, it's because the houthis won. >> thank you, peter. >> multiple explosions in china's xinjiang region killed two and injured others. it is home to muslim uyghurs, and there have been several knife and bomb attacks blamed on uyghur separatists. beijing has been accused of suppressing their culture and religion. typhoon phong wong left devastation in taiwan. one was killed after gale force winds and flooding. 4,000 were forced to evacuate their homes. doctors in pakistan's flood-hit area warn that a
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health crisis is unfolding as thousands become sick in temporary camps. abdominal problems and skin diseases are common. nicole johnson has this report. >> reporter: a baby girl born four days ago, and named after her mother. sama had to give birth on the banks of a flooded field. the family's home was swept away by the rising tide a week ago. >> translation: i was in acute pain laying on the bed. i can't afford to visit a doctor or get medicine. >> the weakest is suffering, especially children, pregnant women and the elderly. >> we count a dozen babies in this camp. children are developing source. >> translation: we need doctors, money, hygiene, food, clothes. the government has given us nothing. we are exhausted. >> 2.5 million people have been effected in one of the worst
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floods this region in pakistan has seen. many can't go back to their village, living in camps on the side of the road with no toilets and clean water. >> across huge areas of southern punjab floodwaters are slowly starting to recede. it's leaving behind dirty stagnant water, breeding disease and misery. >> people are using the water to bathe in and wash clothes and dishes. in some areas they are drink it. >> many people are already getting sick. >> they are living next to their homes, not inside, because there is water over there. their beds are right outside their homes on the road, and we have all the stagnant water, and insects around them. they are also around them. that is what makes it worse, and these are the conditions they are living in. >> this medical center for flood victims is run by a charity. it's in the middle of a major road. children have skin rashes, and
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infections. this woman tells us she is suffering from vomiting and stomach cramps. all of the women have the same complaint. doctors are treating around 2,000 people a day in this tent alone. >> most of the problem, latest issues are stomach, diarrhoea, skin diseases like scabies and boils, and there are more and more people showing up. more and more. >> medical staff are pleading for more helped. they say it's a crisis here. these flood victims have somewhere they can go for medicine, and can see a doctor. >> in isolated regions, there's no one. for now, the baby and her mother struggle alone. anti-government protests are continuing in karachi, in pakistan. the former cricketer turned
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politician imran khan told the crowds the protests will continue until the prime minister resigns. he's been accused of rigging last year's elections. human rights abuses committed by rebel groups in the central african republic have been documented. in the past year there has been concerns about alleged crimes carried out by african union peacekeepers. we have this report. >> reporter: robert reads out the names of people who are missing. on the list are two of his brothers. their wives and children. they were all staying at the home of one of his brothers. this man, self-declared rebel general maurice mcconnell, an anti-ballica leader. when they first disappeared, robert thought his brother might be in prison. >> if he was in prison, i would
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have been able to take him coffee, cigarettes and food. i have not seen or herd his voice, that means he's dead -- heard his voice, that means he's dead. >> reporter: in march an african union peacekeeper was killed here. there were reports that anti-balaka were behind the attack. soldiers turned up at the rebel general's house. this is the last place the general and his family were seen alive. witnesses say peacekeepers from congo based here took them away. the youngest person in the group was less than a year old. the african union replaced the contingent here with these men. they are also from congo, but are now under a u.n. mandate. the fourth commander will not comment on the incident and six months on there has been no conclusive investigation. the u.n. says the new mission
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will be different. >> the united nations has a zero tolerance policy for any violation of any sort. and that, i have briefed the african contingent commanders that includes sexual behaviour, and i think human rights is something that we have to uphold. >> but u.n. peacekeepers can only be prosecuted in their own countries. if this mission continues to act with the impunity that we saw with the contingent, that will delegitimize the mission, negating all the work it is designed to do. >> this is where robert wants to bury his family. he fears that their bodies will never be found. he'll continue to mourn in private. until he has answers and justice.
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u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon expressed concern in a meeting with egyptian president abdul fatah al-sisi. abdul fatah al-sisi arrived in the u.s. on sunday to attend a meeting of the general assembly. he called for the release of journalists undertaking a right to freedom of expression. it's his first trip to the u.s. he's not expected to meet u.s. president obama. al jazeera continues to demand the release of its journalists imprisoned in egypt. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have now been detained for 268 days. they are falsely accused of aiding the outlawed muslim brotherhood. peter greste and mohamed fadel fahmy received a 7-year sentence. mohammed got an additional three for having a spent bullet in his
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picture, which he picked up at a protest. the three are appeal their convictions. military commanders in ukraine are accusing pro-russian separatists and russian troops of firing at government forces. officials in kiev say they will not set up a buffer zone until all sides abide by the terms of a peace plan. >> iraq was once a sophisticated center for arts and learning. but more recently it's become recognised for political instability and fighting. on sunday, some of the best musicians tried to tran cent the violence with bows and strings. we have this report from the capital baghdad. this may be the least likely weapon iraq has deployed against i.s.i.l. this is the iraqi national symphony in collaboration with the baghdad youth orchestra.
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they begin with the national anthem, and officials say concerts like these are crucial in the fight against i.s.i.l., who swore to destroy anything that does not conform. that include music. a lot of people came to watch the concert. some say it's a reflection of a desire for more event like this. for the conductor, the attendance is less important than the ability to play. >> translation: for many years music has been nargeinialized by official dom and edilent declaring -- edicts declaring music forbidden. it's a serious ard, and a message that we can descend war and give peace and tranquility. the challenge of mounding a concert is many. electricity stops and the heat is stifling, but the concert is
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crucial, not only for their own development, but for the country. >> it's important in these difficult times because of what the world is going through in so many countries. i hope that the concert - to go through other people, and to be an example. even though we are living in rick, they are giving concerts, people are attending, that's the point, i guess. >> more concerts will require a big effort. iraq's art has declined. a lack of investment means this once grand building is in disrepair. under saddam hussein, concerts were common and well attended. >> despite the challenges, putting the concert on, it's a hopeful moment, a moment that they will want to grow into a bigger regular series of
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concerts, and get back the name - the cradle of civilisation. a reminder, you can keep up to date with the news on the website. there it is on your screen. the address that's