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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 22, 2014 11:00am-11:31am EDT

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one else will ask. >> real perspective, consider this on al jazeera america >> welcome to the news hour. we're here in do doha with the world's top news stories. houthi rebels with new found power, but questions remain about the fragile peace deal. kurdish fighters say they have repelled attacks, but thousands of people are still fleeing for their lives.
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good news regarding the ebola outbreak. the world health organization said it has been contained in senegal and nigeria. and playing for peace. iraq's arthriti artistic community are hoping to bring harmony amid the fighting. it's the day after a peace deal was signed in yemen between houthi rebels and government forces. the rebels are still guarding major government buildings of sanaa, and also raided the homes of government authorities and tribal leaders. rescue workers have found 200 bodies since the fighting began
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since september. we have this report. >> reporter: hours after a truce was agreed upon, yemen's capitol of sanaa remains tense. houthi rebels raiding the homes of top military and former political officials. the new deal will allow houthi domination in politics for some time to come. they have taken almost every government building. by the time they completed the assault the comprehensive peace agreement was signed. the president called it historic. >> with all the party and factions supported by the international community we have secured this historical agreement which we hope will bring a new dawn to yemen. we commend the efforts, we urge to implement this agreement with immediate effect.
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>> reporter: the new agreement has tackled almost all the major issues facing yemen but women short of specifics including crucial aspects such as security and houthi takeover of the capitol. >> the president holds transparent meetings with all parties. the current government will continue to run the country until a new government is formed. it must be inclusive of all of society. within three days from signing the deal the president must appoint two political advisers. a new nonpartisan prime minister must be appointed. >> but the agreement did not clearly say when the houthi fighters would pull out. they repeatedly said that the campaign from the top of the government would only stop once the deal is fully implemented.
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thein sanaa the supporters staged mass demonstrations demanding fuel to government. but some say the real goal of the group is to rule yemen with the alleged backing of iran. the latest violenc violence with treaty that is have failed in the past. sunday's deal is said to be no exception with many wondering if the new government will, indeed, be inclusive. >> we're in sanaa with this update. >> reporter: amid the calm it looks like the capitol of yemen every day. but when you go into the details. when go into the streets you see something different. the houthies are parolin are
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patrolling the streets. they're moving smoothly and without disturbance. we've seen one instance in which they were set in a checkpoint in front of the buildings. and you can see soldiers inside the ministry. the soldiers are just sitting there, and it is the houthies who keep that ministry under their protection. in other parts of the city is apprehension and very visible on the face of people there. there are fears of what may happen next. particularly the houthies have not rested on their lawyers. they're going place to place in selected areas, hunting down their opponents, we can see how they have taken some of the housing compounds owned by the army general who led all the wars against the houthies over
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the last decades and his cousin, and other generals who are opposed to the houthiess and consider them their enemies, they are being hunted down. many are very concerned, and we have been told that there are violations that they've seen already, and they're very concerned that the deal may not last. >> key areas of the capitol with strongholds in the mountains north of the country and from there they push out. over the next few months took control of key cities and towns. five days ago the houthies began their assault on the capitol. and soon they've taken a number of government buildings including the parliament and the defense ministry. other key fights were also taken. sanaa central bank and heavy
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fighting the yemen state television building. joining us, former adviser to the last three yemeni prime ministers, thank you very much for taking time to join us. it does seem that there is a tenuous peace being held on the streets of the capitol. is that what you're hearing at the moment? >> yes, for sure. there is a lot of previous confrontation and violence escalating over the past six days especially around the city, and all culminated by the dramatic events. we have heard that even the places or the government buildings occupied by the houthies have been handed now back by the officers of the defense minister and these places have been handed back to the military police.
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>> i think-- >> in this situation moving towards-- >> sorry, sunday we saw this peace agreement that was signed by leader in the conflict, but there is a problem where the houthies have refused the security appendix of the deal, which means they're refuse to go lay down their arms and leave the capitol of sanaa. how viable is this peace deal? >> well, we'll have to see. it will have to be tested by what's happening. let's not forget that there was a vacuum which was created over the past seven, eight months since the end of the dial-up conference. and certainly of the part of the implement which is very well haven't when they're going to pull out, the men as well as the
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supplementary clauses related to the army and the security. but let's not forget again that everybody is aiming at implementing the outcomes of the national conference, and the outcomes of the national conscience in three areas, the areas mentioned in the accord itself. one area related to the outcomes in relation to sadr, the othe third and the group working on the army and security forces. >> i want to bring that up because they really seal to have severely weakened by this whole situation. the suggestion that some parts of the security forces may have
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sided with the houthies. what is your opinion there? >> yes, for sure. one of the pi pitfalls, before we started the conscience the question of the restructuring of the armed forces and the security reform was going very slowly. and where they gave a lot of their power. also the government itself, and for the change of government there was refused, the change of the prime minister. yesterday's dramatic resignation was one of the requirements to sign the deal itself. so i think the formal forces
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where we're trying to resist any change which would have been very much relevant to the implementation of the outcomes of the national conference. eight months into the conference none of the accommodations were taking shape, and being implemented at all. i think yesterday's accord goes with that. to implement fully the outcomes. >> thank you very much for joining us there from london with your analysis. >> thank you. >> list get some reaction to this peace deal. we go to washington, d.c. what are you hearing from there, ros? >> reporter: well, the u.s. and other members of the g-10 are welcoming this agreement, and say it should underscore the
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fact, particularly in the u.s. view, that the president is the legitimate leader of yemen, and all sectors of yemeni society should rally behind him. that said, the u.s. is very concerned about the amount of violence that has continued i after the signing of the agreement in sanaa. they say there needs to be an immediate cease-fire, and that the only way the country can go forward and deal with ongoing issues is to stop the violence. >> one of the biggest issues there is the presence of the al-qaeda in yemen. that's a battle in the u.s. heavily invested in it. it worries that the government is now distracted from that battle. >> the u.s. believes that if t
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the, that it does ring that they are not paying attention to members of aqap, and trying to remove their grip from the northern part of the country. the u.s. has put a lot of time, money and advice to help yemen deal with aqap. but as we see in iraq the u.s. believes if there is not an unified government all the efforts might be for not. >> okay, roslind jordan joining us live from washington, d.c. thank you very much, ros. now foreign ministers of iran and saudi arabia have met in new york. they told local media that the countries could be influential in regional and global security. and russian president vladimir putin has met with his
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security council to discuss operating with other countries in the fight against isil. there is no word on which countries those might be. russia has not yet responded to u.s. calls to join an international coalition. a video was released condemning putin. groups advance has sent thousands of kurds fleeing for their lives. kurds now spread across large parts north. isil has surrounded dozens of areas it has been threatening the town itself. more than 200,000 people have fled from syria. more than 130,000 rafaels from syria have arrived in
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turkey over the last three days. calling for international support to help the country deal with the crisis. >> this scenario was released by isil. it says it shows its forces attacking villages in northern aleppo. the fighting has been so intense that it has forced thousands of syrian kurds to leave their homes. days before arriving to the refugee camp, but he does not plan to stay for long. >> i have brought my family here to keep them in a secure place, and now i will go back to fight against isil and liberate the areas they have captured. they are our lands. >> reporter: most people do want to stay, but they face an uncertain future. >> my husband is ill, we're thirsty and hungry. we are in a bad situation.
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we fled brutality, but where can we go? it's been three days of waiting. >> many have relatives and friends in turkey and will stay with them. but for others the situation is bad. they're stuck. >> reporter: tensions remain high. police use water canon and tear gas on a small group of kurds. turkey has been criticized for not doing more against isil. >> the numbers are too large. social and economic balance of these small towns have been upset. and people are explaining of essentially free roaming of immigrants into major towns. this is going to be another challenge which turkish government has to meet. >> the u.n. said the exodus into
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turkey is one of the biggest since syria's war began three years ago. and the turkish government is struggling to cope. >> michael: now i we go to the syria-turkey border. >> reporter: the little hill behind us is the turkey-syria border. and hundreds of refugees have crossed over here the last few days. but monday that number was lower. what happened when which arrived here was a stand off betwee with police. the turkish kurds are very angry with the turkish government saying they're not doing enough to protect them, and some say
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that turkey is helping isil fight the kurds. now the situation has calmed somewhat, but of course the fighting does go on. the syrian kurdish fighters have managed to repel them so far but certainly the concern is because that situation is very fluid there are many people who could cross this border. >> syrian government jets on the border between lebanon and syria. the air raids took place in the northeastern region. several people have reportedly been killed and wounded. director of the levant institute joins us now from beirut. who are these rebel groups being targeted in this region?
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>> these groups are part of the al nusra front, and one has to recall that they are abducting, like, the soldiers of the lebanese army. the bombardment of the syrian regime actually is complicating the situation. and it's emboldening the position of the fighters who are kidnapping the lebanese army soldiers. one has to keep in mind that the lebanese are divided upon this issue of the syrian crisis. there is no agreement inside the government on how to deal with this issue, like half of the government want to deal with it through negotiation while the other groups supported by hezbollah want to push the army in direct confrontation with these fighters knowing that the
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price could be very high in terms of casualty. and in determines of deepening the divide inside lebanese society and igniting the fire between the sunnies and shias inside lebanon. >> just to jump in, these strikes that are happening in this region are complicating the hostages, and soldiers that are being held by rebels. >> yes, they're complicating the situation because, as we were saying, emboldening the position of the kidnappers. the lebanese need to be at bay for what is happening in syria.
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it is well-known that the syrian crisis is over on lebanon. and since the lebanese do not support the regime, having today the syrian air force shellings these positions, i mean, breaching the lebanese sovereignty, there is no agreement inside the government. the syrian army has taken the initiative without the consent or coordination of the lebanese government. the lebanese government, the head--the prime minister is negotiating with turkey today in order to get the liberation--i mean, trying to get turkey to try to liberate these hostages. >> thank you very much for
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joining us there and filling in some of the details going on there in the lebanese border. plenty still yet to come on the program including technicians working in a combat zone to preserve ukraine's energy lifeline, and central africa republic peace keepers are accused of abusing the people they've been sent to protect. and in sport the u.s. team arrives in scotland ahead of its ryder cup match against europe. >> the pact by the country's rifle government. this resolves three months of political deadlock.
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jennifer glasse reports from kabul. >> in the first round of voting in april there were high expectations of big turn out and eight candidates. but the run off election in june it was down to two hopeless. however, no one expected the result to take this long. when the election continue finally announced it's results on sunday it did so without specific numbers naming only a winner and new president, ashraf gandhi. he and his rival, abdullah abdullah had signed to form an unity government just hours earlier. but the deal is flaw. >> part of it is not within the constitutional framework, therefore it will be two teams in one, and then how they manage that will be judged in the days to come. >> but after months of deadlock the announcement was also
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welcomed. many afghans here call the appointment of the new president and the end of the political crisis a relief. now they wonder if the new unity government will be workable. one reason for the concern was the inability of each candidate's team to agree on anything during the election stalemate. >> they have been hard on each other in the past few months. there are scars that need to heal, and i think people demand action soon because people are frustrated with the situation. >> the problems include a poor committee and difficult security situation. on top of that the taliban calls the new unity government a sham and said it will continue to fight. >> in his first speech as president election ashraf gandhi promised that he would serve the economy and promised to
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focus on the future. >> to the five countries effected by the world's-ever ebola outbreak, the "world health organization" said that senegal an has stopped the outbreak. they are requiring all schools to have gloves, sanitizers and screeners on campus. trained nurses are there to identify any student who might be sick. central african republic is being racked by years of conflict instability, but over the past few months there is growing concern about crimes allegedly committed by africa union peace keepers sent in to protect the civilians. >> robert reads out the names of
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people who are missing. on the list are two of his brothers, their wives and their children. they were all staying at the home of one of his brothers. this man, when they first disappeared in march, robert thought his brother might be in prison. >> if he was in prison i would be able to take him coffee, cigarettes and food. but i have not seen his voice or seen him. that definitely means he's dead. >> reporter: in march an african union peace keeper was killed here. there were reports that anti-balanc anti-balacka was involved in the attack. >> reporter: this is the last
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place thats general was seen alive. they say peace keepers took him away. the youngest person in the group was less than a year old. the african union has replaced the contingent with these men. they are also from congo but now under an u.n. band aid. their fourth commander won't comment on the incident, and six months on there have been no conclusive investigation. but the u.n. said its new mission will be different. >> there is a zero tolerance policy of any violation of any sorts. that i have briefed the african contingent commanders that include sexual behavior, but i think human rights is something that we have to uphold. >> reporter: but u.n. peace keepers can only be prosecuted in their own countries.
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>> if this mission continues to act with impunity as we saw, that will delegitimatize the mission and negate all the work they're trying to do. they're here to protect civilians, not abuse them. >> this is where robert wants to bury his family. but he fears their boyd wil bodies will never be found so he'll continue to mourn in private until he has answers and justice. al jazeera, central african republic. >> still ahead on the program we meet one syrian refugee whose made his new home in australia. plus. >> i'm nicole johnson in pakistan. since the flooding, tens of thousands of people have become sick with abdominal problems and skin diseases. coming up we'll find out how doctors are coping.
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