kurdish forces strike i.s.i.l. targets inside kobane. the biggest strategy on how to defeat them is still in the works from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, coming up, [ chants ] ..protesters on the street at burkina faso, on what they say is a power grab by the military. plus... >> leaders must act. time is not on our side the u.n. chief talks tough on climate change as experts
deliver findings on what causes it, and a controversial vote gets under way in eastern ukraine. will it give the separatists the legitimacy they want well, let's start off with a battle against fighters from the islamic state of iraq and levant on two key fronts - kobane in syria, and rabia in iraq. for the first time iraqi kurdish forces known as peshawar joined the fight against i.s.i.l. in kobane and syria. they have been sent to help syrian kurds taking over the town. peshawar battle i.s.i.l. the town on the border is controlled by kurds. i.s.i.l. is launching regular attacks and using tactics to win it back. we have an exclusive report. first, to the battle in kobane.
to the turkish syrian boarder. >> it appears that i.s.i.l. fighters are coming under attacks from several directions and different fronts. now, on the one side you have the fighters combatting them for weeks. and now they have been joined by the peshawar forces that came from northern iraq through turkey. they are now fully engaged or to a greater extent. fire and mortar throughout the day, from the western side to the eastern side. they've been reinforcing positions with more weapons coming in. added to that is attacks from the air. it has been targeted i.s.i.l. positions. until now there has been no news of a shift in territorial control. there has been fierce fighting coming from our colleague in the town, and there has been fierce
fighting on the main road connecting the south of kobane. i.s.i.l. bombed the main hospital, reducing the building to rubble. despite this and the intensity of the fighting. many wonder how long it has taken and there are few left. how it's taken so long for a town to be taken away from a control. now the battle against i.s.i.l. and peshawar fors fighting for control of the strategic control. from there, charles stratford has this report. >> peshawar soldiers fire at fighters with the islamic state of iraq and levant or i.s.i.l. in northern iraq. they are defending the town of rabia, the syrian border is half a kilometer away.
>> al jazeera is the first reporting on the front line. fighting is intense. defending the position is vital for the kurdish forces. rabia is strategically important because it's the main route for i.s.i.l. between syria and the city of mosul. the peshawar dug in. they built high defensive mud banks, and said i.s.i.l. forces usually attack at night. around 70,000 people used to live here, and they fled while the fighting started. peshawar vehicles are part of those among the abandoned homes. the peshawar in recent weeks retook the town of rabia. with that, i.s.i.l. has rechanged their strategy.
they used to use trucks to ram front-line positions. peshawar now send groups of fighters on foot to infiltrate the camp at night. >> translation: they have tried to come in on foot. they thought they had deployed heavily here. they used grenades to repel them. they left many. the question now is whether the peshawar can hold the position in the coming months when cloud cover will make coalition air strikes difficult. >> translation: the air strikes are important. the second thing is antitank weapon systems, and night vision capability. we need engineers for clearing. improvised explosive devices, destroyed villages off the road. the peshawar saying they could never have retaken the town without coalition air strikes
and weapons. as winter draws closer. so the challenge increases to defend towns like this meanwhile inside syria, western-backed rebels faced a setback. the al nusra front, affiliated with al qaeda seized the town. affidavits. the withdrawal of an opposition group called the hassam movement, seen as a blow to western efforts to create and training an alternative force. people living there are protesting the ongoing violence caused by forces loyal to the bashar al-assad government and rebels. civilians are paying a high price in the attacks. the syrian observatory for human rights says the military is stepping up barrel bombings, dropping more than 400 in less than two weeks, saying 230
civilians have been killed since october 20th. now to breaking news out of burkina faso. we are hearing gun fire has broken out another the headquarters of state television in the capital, according to reuters newsagency. demonstrators returned to the streets of the capital, against the army's seizure of cower after the president resigned fleeing to the coast. here is gerald tan with for. >> reporter: a demand for constitutional order. protesters of burkina faso are back on the streets, react ght to the military -- reacting to the military appointment of isaac zida as interim leader. >> translation: starting today i resumed a responsibilities of this transition as head of the government. i call on the international community and friends of burkina faso to support our people in this difficult time. >> reporter: the unrest began this week when the president
tried to extend the 27-year rule. days of protest forced them out of the office. under the constitution, the head of parliament should have taken over, but the army did instead. >> translation: the political opposition in civil society insists that the victory of republican uprising belongs to the people. therefore the transitional government falls to them and under no circumstances should be brought by the military the country could face a coup. the african union and the united nations have announced concern. elections should occur within 90 days. >> if it lasts too long, it
could be, indeed, a real danger. >> reporter: a danger to democracy in burkina faso the united nations expert panel on climate science says it has conclusive evidence humans are altering earth's science. it is a compilation of three documents, touted as a comprehensive assessment of climate change. >> greenhouse gas and other pollutants have been the main cause. it is the key to limiting the risks. the impact of climate change is felt on all continents. the least expected are vulnerable. >> if we act now, immediately and decisively, we have the
means to be better and sustainable. many fools and sustainable. many fools and technologies are already available. the renewable energy sources, increasingly, economically, competitive. efficiency has approach of value. action on climate change can contribute to economic prosperity. better health. while reducing the lift of environmental degradation. climate change will make the disasters worse. the pacific island of samoa is preparing for the worst. this report from the capital. >> reporter: two years ago a cyclone brought trees smashing down on some of lester dean's beehives. rain pummelled others, so many
bees that survived were starved of pollen. that caused problems, vegetables were not pollinated for the next year, reducing the harvest. >> the vegetable and fruit farmers had to cash, nothing. natural disasters can have unexpected consequences so anticipating them makes sense. dean is keeping the hives away from trees and it should protect them from rain. >> 33 people were killed, survivors were moving to a new settlement. trees are planted along shore lines, protecting from ocean surges. crops have been put under plastic, trees planned to act as a barrier against flash floods. a scale model of the landscape has been built explaining what has been done and why. >> it can be scaled up.
climate change needs to be addressed. it is happening, it is unavoidable. and the project is a good example. >> the gradual effect of global warming mean habits need to change. they are experimenting to see which crops fair best in warmer conditions. then there are the big projects. physical barriers are the obvious examples of thinking ahead. this seawall was designed to stop a sea causing hav og. -- havoc. a push by the united nation assist to get insurance into pore places. the world's natural disasters caused $2 billion in damage. most losses were uninsured. >> 70% of the world has no insurance. in the pacific insurance penetration is 0.3%. i don't need to say how critically important it is to
have insurance change is making natural disasters frequent and severe. increasingly it pays to be prepared. we are getting breaking news reports that at least 20 people have been killed in an explosion on the india-pakistan border, said to have happened in a parking lot of the wagga crossing near lahore. the number of dead may be higher. rescue teams say 35 people have been wounded still coming up on al jazeera - we report from the neighbourhood in mexico that is living in the shadow of cartel killings. control of the u.s. senate up for grads. north carolina is where one of the tightest battles will be fought.
you're watching al jazeera, a reminder of the toppies. -- top stories. >> peshawar join the fight against i.s.i.l., hitting i.s.i.l. in the east. peshawar forces are discussing the wider operations with syrian kurdish operators on how to drive i.s.i.l. out of the town. in burkina faso, gun fire reported by state television. protesters on the street protesting against the new interim leader installed by the army the united nations expert panel on claims science says it has conclusive evidence that
humans are altering earth's science. it's presenting a report in copenhagen, the compilation of three other studies. voting is under way in eastern ukraine where pro-russian separatists are holding an election, denounsed as illegal by the west. the counter incumbent is expected to win. it is designed to bring legitimacy declaring the republics of donetsk and luhansk. >> reporter: there's a large turn out for the elections, and we have seen more people on the streets today than over the past week while travelling around the region, there's a large queue inside this polling station. we have seen similar scenes in the regional capital, where the people told us they have been waiting two hours to cast the ballot. this is the image separatist
leaders hope for. they said it's an image to show the world that has popular support. a lot people in this region left since the shelling started a few honths ago, while the -- months ago, white the separatists and the commugs said they'll be able to cast their ballot online or there's polling stations across the border in russia. there's an issue of international observers. the o.s.c.e. is not on the ground. however, there is people to form an agency for security and cooperation in europe. they come from different european countries, and they have been touring around the polling stations. they say they have seen no indication of vote rigging. on the day fighters who are usually dominating on the streets took a back seat.
it's an image that is choreographed to give the people sitting at home watching the conflict unfold, the opportunity to make their voices heard. >> sunday is an international day to end impunity. according to a u.n. report 91 journalists were killed. human rights and press freedom organizations have been meeting in doha to discuss the threat facing journalists. >> reporter: they have become factories in the battle over the future of syria. unintended victims in the war in gaza. and in afghanistan reminders that even covering an election can be dangerous. these are a handful of journalists who have been killed. so far this year, while doing their job. >> journalists, to me are the beacon of democracy, the voice of those that cannot speak in many countries. i think they deserve special
protection. >> according to a u.n. report almost 600 journalists killed in the line of duty from 2006 to 2013. most were men and local journalists. the arab region is considered the most dangerous. in egypt the government clamped down media. the committee says 10 journalists have been killed since the revolution began. three of our own have been accused of writing the outlawed muslim brotherhood. >> there's not an appreciation of the job that journalists do that they hold government officials accountable and the go. . the government doesn't necessarily want to be held accountable. >> keeping journalists safe was the focus of a 2-day conference for media freedom. they need to have government. living up to commitments,
especially if they are heralded. we can't sweep the culture of impunity under the rug. once the journalist was kill. families seldom get justice. 6% of the cases were resolved. >> al jazeera continues to demand the release of journalists. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed are accused of helping the outlawed muslim brotherhood. al jazeera rejects the charges against them. in nigeria, the armed group boko haram says more than 200 schoolgirls were kidnapped. the leader of the group denied agreeing to a ceasefire. more from the capital apuja. the video that broke many hearts. it showed a can, leader of boko
haram. more than 200 kidnapped have been onverted. >> translation: over 200 chick on schoolgirls converted to islam. >> he denies negotiations. >> translation: what negotiations. he did not negotiate with anyone. what is our business with negotiations. last week the government announced it reached a peace agreement with the armed group. raising hopes. kidnapped girl would return. because of the brief nous arrangements it did not translate. >> an official is hopeful the dialogue initiated weeks ago
will lead to a breakthrough. >> the bk dismissed talk of a -- boko haram dismissed talks of a ceasefire. people are thinking this could be a failed attempt to end violence that killed thousands, and displaced hundreds of thousands in northern nigeria. there has been breaches by the armed group, and territory has been taken by the fighters. with a new video released by boko haram. all nigerians can do is wait. wait for either a breakthrough or a decisive victory by the government right, we are hearing that 35 people have been killed and more than 70 wounded in the explosion. we were talking to you about on the indian-pakistan border. punjab place say there are initial indications that it was caused by a suicide blast. there's no final confirmation of that yet. the explosion happened in a
parking lot of the crossing near lahore, and we'll bring you details when we get them investigators are checking mass graves to see if they contain the remains of 43 missing students. criminal gangs have been dumping bodies in a neighbourhood, say town people, fore years. >> reporter: this poor but peaceful neighbourhood is where some mass graves outside iguala were found. a warm afternoon, friends, family. inside the tracks, people are afraid. they tell stories of horror and fear. >>: >> reporter: people around here keep to themselves. why risk crossing anyone, they
know the price they could pay. i asked a federal policeman on duty if he heard the same stories, that this had been a place where cartels buried their victims? >: >> reporter: police will not let us go further beyond this point. some of the graves here outside of iguala are 2km up this road. locals tell us that at any time of day or night for years. they'd see cars go up the hill full. but when they came down, they were pretty much empty. this man lived here for nearly three decades and he sleeps on a dirt floor. he would rather be poor than join the gangs. >>:
>> reporter: three of his nephews has been missing for years. he often writes poetry to deal with the pain of living amongst so much death. his latest poems are in honour of the 43 missing students. >>: >> reporter: a student's fate is unknown. this man, living close to death, can only imagine the worse.
just days out from the u.s. midterm elections, and one of the tightest battles for control of the senate is waged in the state of north carolina. democrats are trying to hold on to one of six seats that the republicans are trying to win, so they gain control of the senate for the first time in a decade. tom ackerman has more on the race. >> reporter: in north carolina, like most u.s. states polling stations have opened. democrats here have been anxious to bag votes early, before a republican head wind hits on election day. as president obama's approval rating sinks, thom tillis has gained ground by roping democratic incumbent kay hagan to obama's record as fightly as he can. especially to the president's unpopular landmark reform known
as obama care. >> senator hagon voted with obama, served as a rubber-stamped for his failed policies, promised to go to washington to get things done and civil. >> reporter: hagan indicated how many times she voted against the president. >> i voted against the president in relation to the keystone pipeline and trade tiles. i voted against my parties budget because it had too deep cuts to the military. >> reporter: six years ago hagan swept into office on obama's coat-tails when north carolina helped to put him in the white house. likely voters in north carolina and other battle ground states on the average became older, wider and more conservative. >> what would republican voters expect. >> i don't know off the top of
my head. in particular, anything is better than the nothing that has been going on so far. >> i'm fearful we will not get anything done. >> his hopes rest with a group providing a first margin of victory. her opponent wreaked anger. cuts to education, health care, benefits to the jobless and passing stricter voting requirements. >> we have a battle against extremists who want to go low, versus the rest of us who want to lift our politics for higher ground. >> earlier, barbara massed thousands to the state capital in protest at the cuts. now the challenge is to motivate discontentment for the polls. >> tom ackerman in north
carolina if you want to keep up to date with the election and other stories we are following here, head to the website aljazeera.com. you can see the front page with the lead story - the situation with the latest strikes going on. >> after 13 years, the american project in afghanistan is about done. at least this phase. did the country accomplish what it set out to do? a new afghanistan. that's inside story. hello, i'm ray suarez. spoke was st