♪ >> this is "al jazeera america" live from new york city. i am richelle carey. here are today's top stories: two americans detained by north korea have been freed, and they are coming home. the president nominates the federal prosecutor to take on the role of attorney general. the debate over helping the homeless. why one city chose to make it illegal to serve the food under certain circumstances. >> this is the mass grave. they must be here. i feel they are here somehow. >> remembering and rebuilding one year after the most powerful storm ever made landfall.
>> either former president or high-profile diplomat on the fate of u.s. citizens. there is some speculation that by releasing the men, kim jong un kim might be trying to soften his country's image. north korea faces sanctions because it refused to stop the nuclear weapons program and the u.n. security council could soon refer kim and others to the international criminal court for human rights violations. bay, a christian missionary, had been convicted nearly two years ago for trying to convert north koreans.
miller was jailed earlier this year for disturbing the peace. neither will be prosecuted for traveling to north korea but the obama administration is warning other americans, it's not a good idea to visit. ross cylinder jordan, al jazeera, washington. >> joining us is isaac sto stonefish, a former beijing correspondent with newsweek. we appreciate your time. are you surprised by this? >> thank you for having me. i am surprised but a lot of what north korea does is surprising. it's the world's most opaque country. when they make a big statement like this, it's surprising to all of us on the outside. >> how do things like this happen? we know a little about what was going on. but what else might have been going on behind the scenes to make this happen? >> it seems like there has been a lot of backdoor diplomaacy between u.s. government and north korea' a. the timing is striking. it could be -- >> why now? >> hard to say but it could be -- it's a couple of weeks after they released the other american and kerry made a
forthright statement, you know, if you want to build good will, release the other two. it seems like they do want to build good will. it's also happening at the same time that beijing is holding its big coming out party for the global summit called apac and doing this right now and distracting from beijing is a slight insult against china and it seems like it is moving away from its relationship with china and closer to america. >> where does china fit in all of this? >> i think china has been relations between china and north kor north korea have been cold since december which kim jung in the north korean administration. chinese appear to be fed up with north korea's bad behavior. it seems like they are trying to not be that involved and concentrating diplomatic
injuries elsewhere. the united states seems like it's a little more willing to play ball with the north koreans and this happened. >> so if this was about the north koreans gaining good will with the international community, is that actually going to happen? >> it's hard to say. if you do that and make it right, do you gain about will? right, you are writing something you shouldn't have done in the first place. >> so it's hard to say but i think they are very nervous about kim jung ungetting referred to the international criminal court. there was a big report done in february by the united nations that outlined a lot of abuses that the north korean government committed against their people and it seems like north korea is the not the most concerned about its international image but this report seems to have got edge this worried. >> is there reason to believe that they would do something reich this again or that they wouldn't or is it just really difficult to know when you are talking about north korea?
i mean falsely i am prison people? >> they have been doing it for a while. i think it would be surprising if they stopped but predicting anything about north korea is so difficult. >> what do you think the freed hostage -- maybe prisoners would have to say? is there a lot of intelligence there the u.s. will be able to gather from them? >> i think very little. i think the experiences they had would be circum described. it's important to point out while hundreds of thousands of north koreans are imprisoned in gulags in atrocious it conditions, these were not. it seems like bay was mistreated and miller as well. the conditions they were held in is far better than the conditions a lot of north kor n koreans are being held in. >> a good point to make isaac stone fish. >> thank you. >> president obama nominated loretta lynch to be the next u.s. attorney general. as libby case reports, she was a new york prosecutor who knows her way around washington. >> president obama made the
announcement of his new pick for attorney general with the outgoing ag, eric holder, by his side. the president praised lor eta lynch for her experience as a prosecutor and for her ability to deal with politics. >> loretta might be the only lawyer in america who battles mobsters and drug lords and terrorists and has the reputation for being a charging people person. >> that's probably because loretta doesn't look to made make headlines. she looks to make a difference. she is not about splash but substance. >> she has been able to get through 7nate confirmation twice the. something the obama administration is enthused about. she serves as a u.s. attorney for the eastern district of new york. it encompasses all of new york city except for manhattan, the other 4 bore rows, millions of people in some high profile cases. shall received a law degree from harvard in 1984. she is 55 years old and from greensboro north carolina.
the president pointed out she is the daughter of a librarian and a baptist minister. even though she comes from outside the president's inner circle, she has experience with eric holder. she has chaired an advisory committee since early last year. there is a question of when her confirmation would happen. well, democrats are in charge right now of the senate judiciary and the senate overall. they may start the process, but the white house says it's not going to try to ram this in before the new year. so, it may end up bleeding over into the republican-led senate. the incoming majority leader weighed in on this pick saying ms. lynch will receive fair consideration by the senate and her nomination should be considered in the new congress through regular order. so senator mcconnell pushing there for republicans to work on her confirmation process in the lead. now, loretta lynch, for her part, talked about the moment in time, what it meant for her as an individual to get here with the help and support of family,
friends and al a lot of it colleagues. she fleeblthd on the significance of being part of the justice department? >> the department of justice is the only cabnanet department named for an ideal, and this is actually appropriate because our work is both aspirational and grounded in gritty reality. >> this is a land mark nomination. if loretta lynch is confirmed by the senate, she would be the first female african-american to serve as attorney general. >> libby casey reporting there. in afghanistan, the commander of nato troops is warning al-qaeda is still hiding out in that country. it is a startling admission, considering nato's mission in 2001 was to eradicate al-qaeda. sue turtin reports from kabul. >> on board a patrol six kilometers from the pakistan border, an area hotly con 2e69d by thetable, the local people here don't believe in borders. it's where afghanistan and pakistan merge in to one, an easy place for al-qaeda to still
operate. and as nato forces pull out of this conflict, it's top commander tells access the group they came to wipe out is still here. >> i think there continues to be an al-qaeda presence here i do think that there has been a continued fight over that against the last 13 years, a lot of damage on some of the senior leadership, al-qaeda presence in afghanistan. >> was the next to come and eradicate al-qaeda from afghanistan an impossible mission? >> i am not going to speak if it's an impossible mission. >> that's 13 years ago. i think the next over time has evolved. i think that we have continued to take a hard look at not only al-qaeda but other insurgents groups that facilitate them. you know, if you are sitting in the united states, if you are sitting in england today, you don't worry fort worth al-qaeda. >> but these afghan soldiers are worried. nair base comes under repeated
attack. they only held this ground now thanks to nato air support. >> translator: other only need is for air support for planes. whenever we go on an operation, we need to be in contact with the air. when we face the enemy, we need airstrikes because in the mountains, it's impossible to do the job without it. >> the air force isn't just needed in the fight but, also, to evacuate the wounded. general campbell says the afghan air force is growing in strength. >> we continue to train their pilots. we continue to train their nurses, their medics to be able to perform this care. i think they continue to get better and better. >> the new afghan president doesn't agree. he voiced his own concerns that if afghan troops were injured on the battlefield, his own air forces would not be able to evacuate them. >> i cannot look at an injured policemen or intelligence officer or soldier in the eye to tell him that i cannot evacuate
him. he could die from his injuries. our her rows in the national armed force need a strong air force. >> after 13 years of conflict, nato is now leaving afghanistan with the battle far from over. the most the afghan forces can hope to do is contain the taliban and the al-qaeda fighters still in the country. general campbell insists they are up to the task. sue turton, al jazeera, kabul. >> two faksz failed to reach a piece deal. they have been at war for more than a year now. more than 10,000 people have been killed in the fighting. the peace talks are mediated by a regional body. talks were suspended for two weeks and both sides were asked to cease hostilities in the meantime. the rebels are accusing the government of rye vating the peace fire. in yemen, a deal between the government and rebels is falling apart, plunging the country into deeper political crisis. a new cabinet had been formed to include members of the rebel
shia group that has taken control of the city of sanaa. now, the political party of the former president is rejecting the new government. rebel leaders promised to withdraw fighters based upon the deal. tensions escalated when the united nations aimposed sanctios on both groups preventing the former president from leaving the country. newly discovered human raichlz from the wreckage of malaysia flight 17 arrived in the nertherlands today found in eastern crain. for weeks, investigators have been blocked from the area because the fighting between ukraine and rebel forces. the remains were taken to an army base for dna testing. the commercial jet was shot down last july with 298 people on board. officials have identified all but nine of them. >> coming up on "al jazeera america," why feeding the homeless is illegal in fort lauder daily plus an activist facing jail time for refusing to comply. after anxious weeks of waiting and hoping, mention
kaningz want proof their loved ones are dead. >> hunting the hunter. >> we're gonna take down the bad guys. >> solving the crime. >> we can save species. >> tech know's team of experts show you how the miracles of science. >> this is my selfie, what can you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> don't try this at home. >> tech know, where technology meets humanity. tonight at 7:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
generous to a fault, a florida elder man is facing charges for his acts of charity. police say he broke the law by serving meals to the homeless in a public park. his story. it has a lot of people outraged. we are going to tell the entire story. it's pretty interesting, richelle. the incident in fort lauderdale is making headlines and the fact is, many u.s. cities are dealing with a similar situation. their homeless possession are growing, and some say passing new ordinances helped the homeless. others say it only makes getting aid to them harder. >> arnold abbott is 90 years old. supporters cheer him on after his run-in with the law this week after serving meals to the homeless in fort lauder daily beach.
police served arnold and two ministers with a citation that requires them to appear in court. >> they were very gentle, and i kind of think they felt a little guilty having to do their job. arnold. >> arnold began feeding the homeless more than two decades ago. he formed his own non-profit called "love called "love >> we feel if someone is homeless on the streets of fort lauderdale, we need to get them off of the street and into the right places where they can improve their position, they can
improve their situation. >> but a past offer with sanctuary church, who was also cited for breaking the offerednance points out shelters don't always offer easy access to fort lauder daily's 10,000 homeless people. >> you have people who can't make it anywhere else and they are living in this area. and this is about as far as they can get. >> as for arnold, he plans on defying the law and will continue to serve his meals on the beach. >> arnold and the two ministers charged face up to 60 details in jail and a $500 fine. arnold has been through this before n 1999, the city tried to stop him from public feedings. armed sued and won. he is begin planning to take the city to court, rishlt, at 90 years old. >> a rebel? >> pretty spry. >> great report. thank you. from washington, d.c. is michael stoops, the director of community organizing for the national coalition from the for the homeless. we appreciate your time. have you talked to arnold recently, since all of this
hoopla? >> i have known arnold abbot for at least 15 years, and i was in fort lauderdale in may, and he was there on a sunday morning, sharing food with homeless folks in the stranahan park in downtown fort lauderdale. he is the hero in this movement, the fact that he is willing, sharing food with the homeless and he is willing to go to jail if necessary to continue to make sure that homeless folks get food. >> are you surprised that it has come to this, or was it inevitable that it would come to this through threats of fines and jame times with the way laws have been changing the ordinances? was this inevitable? >> since 2007, there have been 71 cities in 27 states and puerto rico that have either attempted or adopted food sharing restrictions. fort lauderdale, since may, has adopted what we call "anti-homeless laws."
they have adopted five such law, a law against leaving stuff on a sidewalk unattended, strengthening a no public ur urination, defecation law no, panhandling or selling stuff on the median strips and of food sharing laws is the 5th one. i never have seen a city pass so many anti-homeless laws in such a short period of time. the reason they are doing this is they want to make the homeless less visible, and if they cut them off, cut them off from their food source, they hope that the homeless will simply go away, and i can tell you, they won't. they will simply disperse. they will go hungry. they will be arrested for sleeping. >> mr. stoops, let me ask you something. do any of these cities have a point? are all of their requests really that unreasonable? >> there is no city in the country that is able to shelter its homeless population.
nearly a third of the nation's homeless are unsheltered. it's nearly impossible for a homeless person to get three meals a day, seven days a week in indoor locations. you know, 1 in 6 americans go hungry on a daily basis. and i think that homeless people are probably the hungriest and it's just really ironic that the city is doing this as we approach the holiday season. they have going to put good is samaritans in jail for doing what their religion or what their morals tell them to do. it's wrong, and we are looking at litigation, organizing, boycott, nukind of strategy to get the city to declare a mo moratorium on not just the food sharing law but on the 4 other laws they passed since may of this year. >> mr. stoops are you just said yourself that basically, you and people like you, other activists are not going to back down, but having said that, might at some
point you have to rethink your approach? i don't know what the answer is, but migyou have to rethink your approach at some point? >> a compromise would be if the city of fort lauderdale and any city in their downtown areas would make sure there were indoor food sharing programs available three times a day, seven days a week. >> would reduce the number of people who are forced to wait for good samaritans to come by, hoping, hoping and praying that some group will show up on a weekend or a week day. >> uh-huh. >> so an indoor food sharing program would reduce how many people are waiting in the parks. there will still be people for whatever reason who can't make it to immediately programs and we have a moral obligation to share food with those individuals. >> well, people are not invisible. you can't make people disappear. michael stoop of the national coalition for the homeless, thank you for joining us today.
>> you are welcome. >> the mexican government says several suspects have confessed to the mass murder of those 43 missing college students. racial lavin am reports from mexico city. the families say they won't accept the news until they get scientific proof. >> these charred bones and teeth may be all that remains of the missing 43 university students. they were kidnapped by local police in the mexican state of guero and turned over to a drug gang nearly six weeks ago. attorney general jesus cordon played the video on friday. >> i know the information we obtained, causes pain to the members. the statement and information we have affects a large number of people. >> in this taped confession, members of the guero's game reenact the killing. they show invest 2k3w5i9ors how they lined up the bodies.
some were suffocated while others were shot. >> the suspects said they killed the survivors and throwed them in the trash dump where they burned them and took turns to make sure that the fire kept burning for hours. >> if these confessions prove to be true, this could be one of the worst massacre in decades of innocent people at the hands of local police and politicians working together with criminal gangs. president enrique perneto has been criticized for his handling of the crisis promise today punish those responsible. >> the government will do its best to clarify what happened, capturing the master minds is not enough. we will arrest everyone who participated in these abom-national crimes. >> hours after the attorney general spoke, the parents of the students held their own press conference and refused to
believe that their children were dead. >> i know and trust in god that they are alive. they said many times they are dead, but we have faith that they are alive. they are insist okay scientific proof and that independent for insek experts analyze the dna. mexico's attorney general says he has sent the dna samples to austria. it will most likely be a matter of days if not weeks before those results are given due to the terrible condition in which these corpses were found. racial levin, mexico city. >> more than 70 people have been arrested in connection with the disappear applications darren jordan spoke with perez fastio and he was asked how much of this case is a crisis for mexico's president. >> i really think we are confronting a before or after
moment for not only human rights but for democracy itself in mexico. this is the kind ofs crisis of no return. i think we reached the point with president bineto where his potential continuation in the presidency may be at stake there are allegations they are in collusion with organized crime. how much has that been highlighted in this specific case? not only do we have clear evidence, testimonies, film, et cetera, in terms of the participation of local police as integral actors but at the scene of the military, of federal police, and of state police. so
>> al jazeera america presents the best documentaries >> i felt like i was just nothing >> for this young girl, times were hard >> doris had a racist, impoverished setting had a major impact >> but with looks charm.... >> i just wanted to take care of my momma... >> and no remorse... >> she giggles everytime she steps into the revolving door of justice >> she became legendary... >> the finer the store, the bigger the challenge >> al jazeera america presents the life and crimes of doris payne fastio. welcome back to "al jazeera america." north korea has released the last two americans they had in detention. kenneth bay and matthew todd miller are on their way to the united states. they have been in detension for two years and was forced to serve in a labor camp. miller has been arrested for seven months. president obama today nominated
u.s. attorney loretta lynch to be his next attorney general. republican leaders promised a fair confirmation process but said it should wait until the new congressm is feet?ed januar. she will be the first black woman to run the justice department. the president travels to china today for a 10-day trip across asia. his first stop is beijing for an asia pacific summit. obama says he wants to improve relations with the chinese government after the apeck meeting, the president heads to buncha and will end his travels with the second trip to australia. over the last 24 hours, the fight against isil has intensified. a wave of explosions killed at least 48 people and injured nearly 100s. reports detail boobby trapped homes targeting civilians and police. in syria, kobane, the battle ground is desolate. the city has been caught in the middle of the coalition forces fight against isil. this is what is left. a shell of what it once was.
nearly 200,000 people from fled. in an airstrike attack, u.s.-led coalition forces hit a gathering of isil leaders. the strike happened late last night. 10 armed isil trucks near the city of mosul was tard successfully. they wouldn't comment which leaders were there isil's air attacks have indisriminate bombings and mass executions using the media to spread propaganda but as al jazeera's charles stratford reports, it isn't the only one using the air waves as a weapon of war. >> this program is for the liberation of mosul from isil, says the presenter. she ses she is taking calls live on air from people suffering under isil control inside the besieged city in northern iraq. nineva used to broadcast from mosul. the laugh left with ice ill entered the city in june. the channel broadcasts from a
villa in erbil now. the company ceo says the channel's mission is to spread the word that isil can be defeated. >> our aim as a channel is to show that isil doesn't represent anything to do with islam. we are the voice for the vulnerable in mosul. we are trying to lessen the fear about isil which propagated in the media. >> reporter: it's not justice ill that uses violent propaganda to spread it'ss message. this video was aired recently. he says it shows anti-isil militia interrogating and shooting dead a captured isil fighter. >> we are delivering the message of resistance and showing that resistance is legitimate. there is an argument as to whether we should show these videos. but we need to show that whoever cooperates with isil or subscribes to their ideas will be punished.
>> this is isil radio. the broadcast location is not known. we picked it up while parked in refugee camp in northern iraq. the presenter invites people living under isil to phone in with every day problems. he advises them on random matters such as where to get drinking water or about children's education. >> what i am listening to here is an isil radio show that is being broadcast across this area of northern iraq and it shows you the efforts that the organization is trying to make in terms of its propaganda and reaching out to people in this area. >> isil uses video such as these to pred its message. this video is part of a film posted on the internet called "flames of war." the video is showing the beheading of western journalists and aid workers has spread fear about the group.
but it seems that harnessing that fear among people and using it as a weapon of war through the media is not exclusively an isil tool. charles stratford, al jazeera, northern iraq. >> the speaker of iran's parliament confirms his country helped the iraqi government defend itself from isil. he said iran helped iraq before any other country joined the fight. >> we entered the scene songs responsibly. it was a major job and it is a great honor for the iranian nation. we do not need propaganda for what we did there. our stanchion on this issue in the past was the same as it is today. and i think there has been an awareness that iran has alleged honestly and responsibly in this regard. >> he made no comment on letters written by president obama barack obama urging such action from iran's supreme leader. at least 20 people were killed in car bombings in iraq today. this was the aftermath right here of a blast in baghdad.
the other bomb went off in ramadi. officials say the bombing operations resemble previous bombings by isil. five soldiers were among those killed. no one has claimed responsibility. the first part of the biggest economic summit has wrapped up in china. ministers agreed to forge closer ties to promote economic growth. china's own economic boom is leaving many behind with growing concern about the you know even distribution of wealth. rob mcbryan bride has more from beijing. >> reporter: beijing has been preparing for it for months, spending billions of dollars and this is the result. pristine facilities set amongst cable man cured grounds all ready to host the asia pacific economic operation forum or apec. but this is what beijing will not be showing the delegates: its gritty, poorer neighborhoods that the economicbook boom has largely left behind. ja ching shows us the two rooms he shares with his wife and
son's family. he earns $350 u.s. dollars a month, clearing garbage in his neighborhood in a city that is now home to more billionaires than any other mainland chinese city. >> they live completely different lives to us. they live in nice places and have money. but i don't know how i could live like them. >> conditions for the urban poor have been improving in recent years as a shortage of blue-collar workers for china's factories has been pushing up wages than for white collar jobs. it's in the country ce side where the wealth gap is still the most stark, with an estimated 100 million people living in poverty. >> with the potential for social unrest, the government is acutely aware of the discontent that wealth inequality can cause and has been trying to help the poor in the countryside. >> such policy like social security and some policy in the
rural area, they are really increased income of the rural household, more than in the urban areas. >> he moved here from the countryside six years ago when he could no longer support his family through farming. they recently got clean running water for the first time and at least now have enough to eat, he tells us, and he says, things for his children could well be better than he has had. rob mcbride, al jazeera, beijing. >> in spain, voters will take part in an independence refer endum. voters will decide their government and high court to vote on independence and possibly force a constitutional crisis. al jazeera reports most there live like they are in a separate nation. >> reporter: imagine a future in which cat lo catalonia becomes
nation. these children certainly can. >> translator: we want catalonia to be a free country, and we want the right to vote for independence. >> the dream is shared by many. on sunday, catalones take part in a public consultation on index after the spanish government blocked an official refer enda on the same day calling it illegal. but the despite madrid's resistance some have long flown the index flag n 2012, febraga declared his town free catalon territory. since then, 600 towns stopped paying taxes to madrid and send them to catalonias government instead. >> translator: what the spanish government does not understand is that the more it tries to stop catalons from deciding their future, the more we will
react and go to vote. >> while sunday's public be consultation is not recognized by the spanish government, many catalons around here is it is a refer enda in all but name. begin the number of banners, it is already clear many support independence. >> catalons have long claimed because of terrorist, culture, customs and traditions, they are a separate nation from spain. despite attempts by the government to stop them, they insist that the time for independence is now t al jazeera, barcelona. >> 25 years ago this weekend when thousands of demonstrators from both east and west germany began to destroy the berlin wall. the barrier had divided the country for neil three decades. tearing down the wall signaled the end of the cold war. al jazeera's nick speicer has more on that lasting moment in history. >> reporter: east germany built the war after a quarter of its population fled to west germany.
in a shining example of communist double speak, it said the barrier was to keep western fascists out. the east german people tore the wall down and the regime. what's called the peaceful revolution. now, days the wall is big business. trinkets and tour seem on offer everywhere. >> there is a checkpoint charlie site, the guard house isn't real. the soldiers are actors but tourists still pay $3 to get their picture taken. >> this is noire phony checkpoint located in the middle of a shopping mail in downtown berlin, proof if any was needed memories of the wall are good for business. the wall is a cause for retleks. if you are german, it's almost a place of pilgrimage.
people had to live under the communist regime, essentially locked up. >> so when the wall fell, i was relieved that there was now finally, freedom for all germans. >> for some tourists, the wall is a cause for faith in the future because it's hopeful kong hong or china other parts of the world that are suffering such a system or in a bad position, it's actually hopeful for them because there is age example set. >> the fall of the wall led to german reunification, the single european current cease and the treaty that created the european union. almost all of the wall is gone now. some fear its lessons are at risk of disappearing as well. >> there is a danger of that come placeancy falling back. you can see with ukraine, you
know, over there that's not to be taken for graftoned. >> on friday lights lit up 15 kilometers of where it stood, an art project that's parts of the commemoration, a pathway for people to wander and wonder at the power of peaceful protests and the changed brought to the whole world since that day in november, 1989. nick spicer, al jazeera, berlin. >> a deeper look at the impact of that historic day is coming up later tonight. for some, it was like watching communism literally crumble. join us at 8:00 o'clock tonight for a deeper look. follow the berlin wall. >> that's at 8:00 p.m. eastern, 5:00 p.m. pacific. to cuba where the medical system is considered innovative and efficient. the country's doctors are active in fights against diseases around the world but that battle has obstacles the relationship with the u.s. another. more from havana. >> ing a off theeagust i & o sas
best to happen. he was from angola and had an accident at age 8 having him walk with difficulty and unable to play football. the young real madrid fan says he hopes to be up and running soon he is one of thousands of fornz patients given high-quality medical care at cuban hospitals paid for by those who can afford it, free for those who can't. it has a spirit of solidarity. it helps our development. >> orth peeledic specialist alvarez went to school with fidel castro. he is one of the architects of coupe's health system. he treats patients from across the island, sends medics to africa and latin america and has opened hospitals across the middle east. triting all cubans and taking expert eats intrad.
it's a two-way process. they are hoping that by opening up their economy, they will be able to develop and enhance expertise like this. >> these are dr. alvarez's inventions on display at the havana trade fair. medical services currently earn cuba billions of dollars a year. the fair is designed to attract more foreign investment and increase the sale of cuban expertise and equipment intrad. >> cuban medics work in more than 60 countries. >> that's more than 50,000 health workers. >> while cuba wid abundant medical staff, medicines and equipment are often in short supply and infrastructure is crumbling. dr. alvarez blames the u.s. trade embargo in force for more than 50 years. >> we have had to look for markets intrad for equipment and medicine. we have had to go far. it's not the same medicine in the u.s. as it is in china.
>> when cuba set about revamping its health system, its aim was altruistic, to simply treat those in need. with its economy struggling, it must try to sell to the world what it does best. agost i & o is one happy customer. am al jazeera, havan a. >> cast row wrote an op-ed calling on the u.s. to work together on the ebola front. one of the scientists who discovered the ebola front, proser van der groin said they are not prepared for this type of outbreak and that amplifies the need for outside help. 38 years ago, he was part of a team asked to determine the mystery illness killing thousands in central africa and that's when they discovered the ebola virus. concern about the virus here in america is starting to fade. >> that's according to a new poll out today. it says about half of those surveyed now consider ebola a
moderate major public health threat to americans. >> that's down from 55% a month ago. so here are the latest numbers in the fight to stop the spread of ebola. 13,000 people have been infelthd worldwide. most of them in west african countries. 4,900 patients have died. one person here in america. in liberia, the country with the most deaths, almost 3,000 ebola victims there did not survive. the did debate over death with dignity was rekindled with who 9-year-old brit any maynard took her life. she moved to oregon, one of 5 states that permit assisted suicide. al jazeera's rob reynolds has the story. >> i hope to enjoy however many days i have left on this beautiful earth and spend as much of it... >> before she died, her video explaining her decision was seen by nearly 10 million people. in oregon where the death with d d dignity act has been in effect since 1997, more than 750 people have used a doctor to help them
die in relative comfort. pam wall's husband, ben, was one of them. he maybiated and in terrible pain from incurable cancer that had spread throughout his body, in may, 2012, ben wall told her he was ready to die. >> as for me, it was my last gift of love to my husband because it was his choice. >> following the strict medical guidelines in oregon law, the couple consulted with physicians including dr. david gru. >> he was really sick. i went to his home, met him in his bedroom with his wife, pam. he was competent. he was alert. he knew what he wanted. >> oregon law requires the terminally ill person to be mentally capable of making the decision and must take the drugs, themselves, without assistance. with a lethal dose of dr.-prescribed barbituates on hand, family and friends gathered to say goodbye. >> we sang songs, read poems.
i gave it to ben. he sat on the edge of the bed, took the medication, and he laid down and his last words were "thank you. ". >> reporter: opponents of the death with dignity act say it will lead to laws allowing people who are not terminally ill to demand physician-assisted suicide and that it degrades the values of the medical profession. >> dr. condition eth stevens has been a physician for 48 years. >> i went into medicine to help people. the message of those that promote us as a suicide and euthanasia is that doctors can do a better job with killing you than they can with taking care of you. dr. grube disagrees? >> suicide is a perm answer to a temporary problem. the people who use death with dignity, who qualify do not have a temporary problem. they have an end problem. they are dying. they are about to die. >> pam wald now speaks out on
behalf of right to die laws, including one under consideration in the u.k. >> i want everyone to have a choice, and i hope britain passes this law. >> after brittany maynard's death, tens of thousands of people commented on social media. most were sympathetic. i her final personal choice played out in the most public of forums. rob reynolds, al jazeera, paloma. >> oregon. >> just ahead, it's been a year since record-setting typhoon hyan slammed into the philippines. we will tell you about the struggle to recover and rebuilding coming up on ""al jazeera america"."
with anger over the government's response to the storm lingers on. >> the griefing doesn't stop. for henry monterosa and his wife, joycelyn, nothing has been more difficult than losing their two youngest children during typhoon haiyan. >> it feels like everything just happened yesterday. i still can't face it. the kids. they were in my arms when it happened, until the end. >> hundreds of people came to this cemetery in the central philippine city to look for unmarked crosses they could claim as their own. it's where most of the unidentified haiyan victims are buried no one here is sure who is lying where. all that matters is that there is a place to mourn and remember. officials led a march across the city early on saturday at the exact time the tie off and on struck last year. 90% of this area was damaged and thousands were killed here the
government released $15,000,000,000 u.s. dollars for initial recovery work and 3 billion more has been allocated to be spent over the next six years. bureaucracy and infighting among politicians is slowing things down. many are not happy with the government's handling of the situation. a day before the anniversary, protesters called for the president to step down. the city is run by a rival political family. president ak i & o went to another province to commemorate what happened and defended the pace of rebuilding. >> that is the strategy for building back better. we will not be caged in a cycle of destruction and reconstruction, then construction and deconstruction again. >> it's the cycle of life and death that's foremost on people's minds here now.
a day to remember all they've lost and pray for the strength to face the possibility that something like hi as ayan could happen again. >> al jazeera. >> dick kavet, the late night talk show host is out with a new book filled with anecdotes. he shares a favorite memory with arizona's antonio morro. >> he stayed at my house one night out in the country. my wife was in new york. she called, and he was alone in the house. i had gone to get his wife and bring her over. they were in a motel and they wanted to stay at my house. the phone ring. ali picked it up and heard, "darling"? and he said, this ain't darling this is 3-time heavy weight champion and i am lying in your bed and watching your t.v., lady. and she said to her credit, i am going to put a blaplaque on tha bed, mr. ali. it was more than she ever did
>> too much flower remembering an individual british soldier who died in the first world war. and there are 888,246 pop pishingdz in this dramatic installation entitled "blood swept lands and seas of red. for many of the visitors, an emotionally charged experience. >> it's an incredible concept for a tribute that i think is necessary at this time. i think i am struck by how many people there are here it's wonderful, emotional memory, i think, as well and seeing this poppies sparkling in the sun this morning, it's almost wrong that they should sparkle like here when they are here for the reason they are. >> i think most people have lost somewhere in the great war. it's a great tribute to them. >> along the railings, families created little galleries, pictures of men who never made it back from france connecting their loss to 100 years ago to
today'stributes. there are those who believe that over the years, the original meaning of the poppy has become subverted. >> the poppy has come to symbolize loyalty to the country than it has anything to do with rememberance. >> that's always dangerous, but it's particularly dangerous when we are having a toxic debate about immigration, when especially muslims are being targeted in british society to prove their loyalty and the poppy unfortunately is starting to become a vehicle for that. >> but that is very much a minority view. the field of poppies has become a national landmark attracting millions of people who want to come here to pay respects to the more than 840,000 british and commonwealth solids who died during the great war. each one of them individually remembered by a single poppy. >> peter sharptiously al jazeera, in london. >> richelle carey talked to al jazeera featuring dick ca cavett. check out our website.
go to aljazeera.com. >> people always say that nonsense, you can't speak ill. why not? >> brief en counters, conversations, magic moments and assorted hijinx is full of personal anecdotes. the host of the show has met and interviewed just about everyone who was someone. >> the phone rang. ali picked it up and heard, "darling?" and he said "this ain't darling. this is the only 3-time heavy weight champion in the world. and i a