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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 16, 2014 8:00pm-9:01pm EST

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we'll keep the focus on sex crimes on campus. join us as we report on what makes a difference in stopping it. that's "america tonight". thanks for joining us. this is al jazeera america, i'm richelle carey in new york with a look at the top stories. i.s.i.l. beheads american aide worker peter kassig and a dozen others, in what president obama calls an act of pure evil. world leaders promise to boost their g.d.p. on 2 trillion into global economy. al jazeera waits at ferguson, missouri, as they await the grand jury ruling in the killing of michael brown and in "the week ahead", the showdown over the keystone
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pipeline. we start tonight with a new public and brazen atrocity by the islamic state of iraq and levant. in a video out today i.s.i.l. claims to have beheaded american hostage, along with dozen syrian captives. peter kassig was captured last year while helping wounded refugees in syria. imran khan has more. >> the video shows - it's gruesome - showing 12 soldiers, and peter kassig himself. i.s.i.l. say in the video that he was beheaded because he was an iraqi war veteran who came to iraq during the war to kill muslims. he, himself, had converted to islam during his captivity. now, this is, again, as i say, a brutal video. it's the type of propaganda that
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i.s.i.l. want out there. they want people to see the video, and what they are capable of doing, the message to the americans is one that you can't bomb us without impunity, that you will be affected. there are other western hostages. this is not just about western hostages. i.s.i.l. killed 17 iraqis, 20 syrian journalists, there are 80 people that have been kidnapped. journalists in iraq and syria, whose whereabouts we don't know. i.s.i.l. says they are holding a number of iraqi journalists and aid workers and beheading soldiers from iraq and syria, it's a tactic they use. the west concentrates on the names, the westerners, but it cuts across iraq and syria. >> imran khan reporting there. mike viqueira has more from washington d.c. his family.
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let's talk about kassig's family. what are we hearing from them? >> for most of the captivity of peter kassig, his mother, father and family tried to keep quiet in an effort to increase the odds that he would ultimately be released. they were home in indiana, and had a year, 13.5 months of agony, today they learnt the worst. they released a statement when it became apparent that their son was murdered. the statement reads in part: you recall a few months ago one of the captives held by i.s.i.l. within syria escaped and committed to memory a letter that was dictated to him by peter kassig. he talked about his love of his family, reminiscing about his
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childhood, but he said in anticipating his ultimate demise, i went out as a result of trying to alleviate suffering. >> that he did for sure. what is the white house saying? >> well, president obama is on his way back. of course, he's been in asia and australia on economic summits over the course of the last several days, they have released a statement to the white house under the president's name a few hours ago. by the way, confirming the fact that the white house believes that peter kassig was murdered in this fashion. it's called an act of evil by a group bent on death and destruction. he goes on later to say today we grieve together. we recall that the spirit of goodness and perseverance that burns brightly. combining humanity, ultimately
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will prevail over the darkness of i.s.i.l. >> this is the third american. two journalists and an aid workers, peter kassig murdered at the hands of i.s.i.l. >> the list that you gave us, the videos and tapes, could this affect the u.s. strategy against i.s.i.l. >> i don't think it will affect the strategy, there's a lot of questions here in washington as a political matter, and within the coalition that president obama, and the administration sought to build since the outset of the care campaign, over the course of the last three months. many believe it is a provocation, trying to get the united states to go further. the united states acting through others, carrying the fight, no ground troops for americans. this is viewed as a propaganda effort on the part of i.s.i.l.,
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repeated videos that have come out, an effort to bolster the standing among other radical groups, with which they are in competition. >> a recruiting tool. mike viqueira live from washington. thank you so much those who knew peter kassig were embarrassed by his generosity. zeina khodr has more on his life and work. >> he helped save the lives of syrians during the war, and it's what he did before he decided to help those living inside syria. he left in october 2013, only to be captured by the islamic state of iraq and levant. a week ago his friends in tripoli added their voice to an international campaign to persuade i.s.i.l.
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even close friends, a syrian from homs, had hope, but now he is lost for words. >> what i should say to his family, that we are sorry because your son die in my country. who tell them? i don't know. they are not even muslim. >> reporter: this is one of many clinics where kassig treated patients. while in lebanon, peter volunteered with humanitarian workers. they used the media to try to tell peter's captives about how he helped the syrian people. it didn't do anything, and the beheading video didn't refer to peter as an aid worker. it identified him as a soldier.
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some of these people knew kassig well. those that didn't, know of what he did for the revolution. they believe it made no difference for i.s.i.l. if a person is a charity worker or not. >> they are doing this to muslims, killing anyone they feel is against them, not just americans. most likely they'd kill me as well. >> reporter: kassig was a former soldier, that is not how he'll be remembered. >> at early age a son was inspired by his grandfather to do humanitarian work. when he saw the suffering of the people he went to turkey and founded an organization. peter kassig was not the first western captive to be murdered. there were four others before him. unlike in their videos, he didn't speak. i.s.i.l. showed what he believed to be a mass beheading of a dozen soldiers as well. this is a group the united nations accused of committing
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war crimes in areas under its control. peter kassig and the soldiers are unlikely to be the last joining us here in the studio is retired air force pilot talking about the latest development with the tapes. mikey, thank you for joining us. there are analysts who say that this tape, to them, reflects desperation and an attempt to provoke the u.s. what do you think. >> i think a tape of this nature is provocative. the first thing to say is what has happened is traumatic, it's brutal. we must remember that peter kassig is an incredible man with a huge hart. it's important to support the family when we speak of peter in a context. the other important thing to say
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is as tragic as this is, there are hundreds of thousands within syria, civilians brute lived. murdered. under not just i.s.i.s. but the syrian regime. this has been going on for three years now, and i think it's important for the west to step back and look at... >> how so. >> look at the bigger picture. we have to look at what the root of the problem is with i.s.i.s., why did i.s.i.s. come about. i travelled to lebanon. i speak to a sheikh, and he gave an insight in why these frictions occurred, and it comes back, stepping back to bashar al-assad, coming back to a brutal dictator and people in the country being unhappy with the way they've been brutalized. this, in a way, is the way that they have risen up.
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it's not right, but we have to address the root of the problem. it's about getting to people's hearts and minds. does that mean sending additional advisors and ground forces that the president gave approval for. would that make a difference? >> what we are talking about there is we are talking about do we arm rebels, do we put boots on the ground. do they have to be western boots on the ground. how many boots on the ground would do the job. we have 150,000 coalition. that didn't cure the problem. i don't think u.s. or western boots on the ground in significant numbers are the answer. what i think is identifying a rebel group, someone like the peshawar or the kurds that you can invest loyalty in, that have good intentions, and their intentions are to ensure ensure
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whole organization is not overrun, and the primary aim is not to overrun bashar al-assad. that's what we have. there's a primary objective there which has been there before i.s.i.s. came about. and we have to different between that and understand and support those that hit i.s.i.l. hard. wt pure intelligence can be gathered from the recent tape. what does it tell you? >> that is a good question. there's a number of things about the tape that is fascinating. it occurred in a location called the beak. >> it is an interesting location. prophet mohammed said once roam fell, the day of judgment has come. one is allah mack and the other is the beak. what this does is potentially tells the west that i.s.i.s. is more of a cult than a terror
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organization. the fact that it's using murders, what that does is whilst it's terrible, it it's binded to the occult. which it is hard to get away from. when someone joins, we know when people manage to escape. people that have managed to escape, people that have found it hard to escape: it needs to be building on and identifying the chinks in the armour t will lead to their denies. >> thank you, retired air force pilot. >> the state department shut down an email system after a hacker attack. officials say no classified
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documents were compromised. if follows hacks. chinese hackers are suspected in those attacks. >> the c.d.c. is on the scene when 172 people got sick. the crown princess pulled into port. >> there were 4100 people on board, all the passengers were treated on the ship and did not have to be hospitalized. there was a similar outbreak on the same ship in april. the keystone xl pipeline is a step closer to approval. coming up in the week ahead, the pros and cons of the pipeline, and the chances of it becoming a reality. the g20 comes to a close in australia, and we sit down, one on one with the mayor of ferguson, missouri, as they
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await a grand jury decision, and the shooting death of michael
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pass president obama is returning from australia in the g20 summit with an agreement to increase the global g.d.p. the summit closed with the obleg at tri photo. you see the world leaders. it was not on the official agenda, there was talk about russia's involvement in ukraine. scott heidler reports from brisbane. >> reporter: at the end of the two days an ambitious plan was announced - one, they'd boost the global economy by $2 trillion. this will happen by increasing in trade and infrastructure over the next five years. >> this year the g20 delivered real practical outcomes. because of the efforts that the g20 has made this year, culminating in the last 48 hours, people around the world will be better off. that's what it's all about.
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>> the prime minister said climate change would not be discussed at g20, but it made its way into the plan. >> prime minister tony abbott stuck to a promise that a communique from the g20 would be three pages long. some feel what is in the document will be difficult to implement. if you have to stuff everything into an arbitrary three payments, inevitably you say everything in gernality. >> reporter: with the leaders of the powerful countries under one roof, geopolitics entered the conversation. russia's involved in ukraine was condemned. >> we'll continue to maintain the economic isolation while maintaining the possibility of a diplomatic solution. it is not our preference to see russia isolated the way it is. the much talked about confrontation between tony abbott and vladimir putin never
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happened. the ukranian situation in my view has a good chance of a he's lugs. the sanctions hurt those they are imposed on. later in day, they are tasked with their own problems. joining us live from brisbane, australia, is dr ello wees weber. from the university of queensland, australia. climate change was not really supposed to be on the formal agenda, but president obama tried to push it front and center. what hope do you have leaving the summit believing that the international community will take concrete steps towards solving the issue. >> i think president barack obama's commitment to the green
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climate fund is a concrete proposal, and together with the agreement in china, i think the key issue of climate change - it's been the item that pivoted the business as usual agenda. >> let's talk about vladimir putin, the way he interacted with leaders and the way he left early. what do you make of that and the pressure that world leaders were putting on him? >> i believe he was subject to pressure, and i think he had a four-hour meeting with angela merkel of germany. i don't think he left early, i think there's a significant debate and discussion around geopolitics which is not meant to be on the agenda. >> let's talk about development. a key issue. in his closing remarks, tony
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abbott pledged for economies to grow by 2.1% by 2018. can you put it in context for us for the global economy. >> sure, the objective of enhancing economic growth, i have to say, is not knew to the g20 agenda. it's been on the g20 agenda since the inception 10 years ago. much of what is on the agenda in terms of detail comes from the 2013 petersburg farm. >> these include economic trade, enhancing conditions for investment and competition. particular aspects of this focus on its on here that is creating an infrastructure hub, supporting growth and trade,
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including financial instruments, to support small and medium enterprises and so on. the commitment to growth is an aspiration. we have to remember, these are mere aspirations. we cannot deduce concrete outcomes. >> having said all of that, what is the biggest take away from the g20? >> there's two things, one is the issue of climate and climate change, that is central. that said, the commitment to economic growth has not been discussed in relation to climate and climate change. that would be one. the second point is there's a focus on development. including employment and so forth in the g20 commes.
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i would argue that it is highly problematic. the conditions of employment, indeed. whether the growth is sustainable going back to the issue of climate change. inequality and continues to which it has been produced, through the institutions of governance were not subject to discussion, but were taken as given, as the solution. >> okay thank you so much for joining us from brisbane, australia. rebel controlled areas in eastern ukraine have been hit hard by the battles between the government and pro-russian militias. the humanitarian convoy arrived in luhansk. they contained supplies to repair the electrical grid. video of the aftermath of the crash of mh17 has emerged. it appears to be cell phone
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video and shows local residents leaving their cars, moving closer to vet the burning debris. it was uploaded to youtube by a russian news organization. it looks like 20 years of negotiation has gone to waste. victory was declared in an election for the governor of the japanese island. he vows to deny construction permits. an agreement was reached last year in the u.s.-japanese talks in 1996. dozens of protesters blocked the streets, demanding justice for michael brown. coming as a grand jury will indict darren wilson. activists have been in the area mapping out plans for protest. al jazeera asked the mayor what he hopes the grand jury will do. >> i don't care one way or the other what the outcome is, as long as it's the legal and fair
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outcome under the law. no matter what happens, the city will work to move forward. >> what's been the hardest part of it for you. >> the hardest part is seeing the community that i have gone up in. i love the community that i have been sitting, to serve. to see it embroiled in this kind of racial tension. >> with that grand jury suspected any day, groups in the area are helping people come to terms with the ent in the town. >> reporter: this father says the world has his eye on ferguson, and he altered his sermon on sunday to reflect the mood in the town. ahead of the grand jury decision. >> i believe ferguson is the new bethlehem. >> 2700 parishioners heard how what happened in ferguson in the summer could happen in any american city or town.
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>> you can't go back. that means it's not just ferguson, but across the country. we have a hard time owning that. if we say it's your problem, we can put the lid on and go back to normality. >> reporter: father says a failure to address the issues from the civil rights movement that he witnessed. >> this is unfinished business. >> outside the safe in the first snow, congregants explained what they took away. >> instead of praying for us, we'll get through it, we think about what her response as it happens in your area. >> i think the community can heal, it can heal itself. it needs to be done from the inside, not the outside. it needs people together. >> prayer, peace, faithfulness, people need to love each other
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and forgive. that's what it's all about in this world. >> reporter: after mass, a pancake basis. real food, food for thought that they have received upstairs. >> two n.f.l. teams were hit with surprise drug inspections. federal drug inspectors made upannounced visits. it comes months after former players accused the league of supplying prescription drugs. drug creator or killer. the cove -- job create or or killer - the keystone pipeline and screenings for travellers entering the u.s. from ebola-stricken countries.
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>> welcome back al jazeera america, here is a look at your top stories. the white house confirming the death of a 26-year-old aide
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worker, an iraqi war veteran. the news came in a video released by i.s.i.l., also showing the killing of 12 prisoners. the g20 summit in australia ended with an agreement to boost the economy by $2 trillion, it will be by investing in infrastructure and trade and other new measures. protesters are blocking streets demanding justice for michael brown. the grand jury will decide whether to indict darren wilson, the officer who shot and killed the unarmed man. >> sunday night, and time for a look at the week ahead. the house of representatives passed a billion friday abowing president obama -- allowing president obama to move forward on the keystone pipeline. a pipe line running a candidate from the gulf of mexico. the senate is expected to vote on the bill this week. we start with this report from david ari oweso. >> reporter: for more than half
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a decade plans for a pipeline has pitted energy producers against farm exercise environmentalists. [ chanting ] >> reporter: the controversy has been virtually unprecedented for a pipeline, known as the keystone xl, straining trade relations with canada and assuming center stage in politics. >> i do want to be clear. allowing the keystone pipeline to be built requires a finding that doing so is in our nation's interest. canada is the 5th largest producer sending almost all producers to american refineries. they have four major pipelines from alberta. it doesn't include a slew of secondary pipelines crossing to miami, colorado and other places. why such a concern. part is the location.
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it will travel under an abbing wife fer, a mass of -- aquifer, used by farmers, who expressed concerns about a spill. >> if our water is contaminated, we have no water for the cattle. >> it would create incentives to mine oil sands. analysts say it contribute to greater carbon emissions than traditional oil production. a review found that it would not. crude from canada's oil sands would reach u.s. markets anyway, most likely by rail, if the pipeline is not built. you have to ask what will happen if you don't do it. if you are not doing that, you are importing oil from other countries. the decision rests with the state department. it crosses international borders
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much the keystone passed the house 252 to 161. it's the ninth time the house passed the bill. it's being delayed by a court battle in nebraska, and president obama wants to solve the legal issues. it moves 830 barrels a day. farmers, ranchers and environmentalists were concerned. the state department argues that the oil will be produced regardless of whether it geese to the keystone pipeline. another and the native communities. it runs through a patchwork of land belonging to 38 tribes in oklahoma. each has sovereignty over land and affairs, something disrupted by the pipeline's construction. to discuss the plans and
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controversy, let's bring in alex, an author and president from the center for progress. and anthony swift, an attorney at the resources and defense council. it has gotten pass the house. president obama indicated that he will veto it. he hasn't said for sure. indicated as much. do you think it's ever going to come to fruition? >> i can't read his mind and read everyone's mind. i hope it does. at the core, the pipelines is as on expanding access. if we want access to water we build pipelines. if we want access to oil we build pipelines, more people can nigh and drive. more people can have food. i think the benefits of oil far outweigh the risks and side effects.
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>> you made your case and we'll drill down on that - no pun intended. do you think it will come to fruition? >> i think the major disadvantage will be its undoing. the president made it clear that this is a decision for him to make, if the bill find its way to his desk. it's in the determination process. the president has to outweigh the climate impacts, the likelihood that the tar sands will be exported, and the impact to the water supply. all of those factors would compel him to reject the pipeline application. >> there are issues that the gentlemen outlined. it's political. let's dig into the politics of it and kick off on the other side. mike viqueira has that report. >> reporter: the campaign trail led to the floor of congress.
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their leader harry reid had a choice - anger the democratic voter base which stay the away on election day, thereby handing control of the senate to the republicans, and allowing the republicans to expand the majority, he'd anger them from allowing a cot from someone in the past. ohelp mary landrieu in the run-off. the g.o.p. congressman bill cassidy. the first day back when the senate was in session. mary landrieu rose to the floor, asking for consideration of a bill improving the keystone pipeline. there was a second choice that may have factored heavily. he faced opposition in his bid by backing mary landrieu, building moral and support. and decided his fate.
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reid was successful. president obama repeated tended the process. the bill passed the house on friday, backed by cassidy, mary landrieu's opponent. if the bill was to pass the senate in a vote this week. it's a big if. taking 60 to 100 senator. it would go to the president's desk for his sit. instead it's expected to issue a veto. >> i want to go back to you. this is clearly become, for lack of a better term a political football. do you think some people are forgetting the issues, because it's a political tool. >> i think it is certainly the cas. one of the things to keep in mind is it is a pipeline that does not have a route.
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nebraska, district court invalidated the route and in all likelihood a supreme court ruling would uphold the rout-voiding, and that means transcanada is going to have to go through a new process to establish a route through nebraska. that will take time. so the real point here is that nobody is waiting on the federal decision for keystone. transcanada cannot build the route through nebraska, and as far as the national interest determination goes, it makes sense to let - you know, the administration which has the experts necessary to evaluate the core issues, the job issues, you know, the climate impacts of the pipeline, and the export impacts of the pipeline, rather than having it moved to congress, which is not a permanent body. >> you mentioned the jobs and the c.e.o. of transcanada was on
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tv, making the case for the pipeline. jobs being part of his kids' point. let's listen to some of that, and we'll pick up with you. >> it will be used in the gulf coast. 100% of shippers say that the oil will come out of canada, be delivered to the gulf coast, creating 9,000 jobs. we'll hire those people to construct the pipe line, and the department of state's report says it will create 42,000, 3.5 billion increase in the economy, 2 billion in wages. >> it's a lot of great numbers. in fact, some politicians framed it as a jobs programme. the state department said when all is said and done there'll only be 50 permanent jobs. >> for me jobs is a secondary issue, a job is good if it's productive. president obama helped to create a lot of inefficient jobs by
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subsidizing green companies. that's not a good thing, that should be called welfare work. this is a good thing. the pipe line is an efficient way of transporting oil and is a valuable product. it can do so many good things. 9,000 people, if they are involved, great. if nine people are involved with that, great. >> there are risks to a pipeline. it's not 100% safe. >> compared to what. >> i know what you are going to say - trains and trucks - less risks. >> there are also risks. so there are risks in a water pipeline, but you choose that because it's efficient. >> water is not going to damage the environment the way oil can. >> water can dam. >> obviously, i believe you understand my point. oil will be much more damaging to the environment if oil leaks to a water pipe. >> i think you have been subject to the manipulation of n r.d.c. >> with all due respect.
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>> oil is not a particularly toxic substance among those we use. let's take the dirty oil sands. >> they exist naturally in many bodies of water. the river in canada is coated with the stuff. people get fresh water from the river. oil sands have been demonized which groups praying on the public's ignorance on how it is in naturally existing substance. you don't want to spill it. but it's not a catastrophe. that is the essence of this attack. >> do you want to get in here? >> certainly. one of - it's interesting that we mentioned the river. we are finding that among the indigenous people that live in the area, they are seeing cancer rates higher than you expect in other communities. tens of times higher. we are beginning to nail down significant impacts associated with tar stands production in alberta. there's no question that oil
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spills have significant impacts to human health and to the environment. we found that with the tar sands spill in 2010. that spill showed that tar sands have some of the most damaging qualities, when they hit water bodies. in 2010, 830,000 gallons of crude were spilled in michigan. over four years later, that oil spill has contaminated 38 miles of that river, and over 1 billion spent in attempting to remediate the spill. once a tar sands spill happens, it's difficult to bring it back to the state it was before the spill. >> you touched on this. doesn't this really come down to how you feel about oil. that's the bottom line. >> 100%. that is the issue. the issue is is it good for n r.d.c. and other groups to
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deprive the group of oil. which is affordable power. could it be more expensive. for transportation, or anything in the world to be more expensive. we see it thrive on oil prices. if the pipeline is built, it will do what for the economy. that is debatable, how much it will save anyone any money. >> it's like saying we shouldn't build farms. the point is we want to add more supply to the system. it will make it cheaper. this is why president obama's statement is crazy about it might be going to other countries. it's a global market. more produced, more prices go down. that's why everyone's prices go down. >> do you buy that? >> not at all. if you look at the tar sands, it's environmentally damaging to
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produce and it is expensive. the break-even price for the project is between 85 and 110 a barrel. that is how much the price of oil has to be before the projects break even. they do not fit in a world of cheap energy or cheap oil. that is one of the reasons why in the last six or seven months, without sufficient pipeline access, numerous tar sands projects have been cancel. it's too expensive to get it out of grounds and use substitutes like rail. rather than choosing between an expensive mode like rail and pipelines, they are cancelling the projects. this has been years to get to this point. thank you very much. appreciate the discussion. >> thank you with the u.s. senate preparing to vote on tuesday, we'll examine the issues surrounding the pipeline in our
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special report: before we go, let's look at other event coming up in "the week ahead". monday - foreign ministers begin talks on increasing sanctions against russia. it comes after vladimir putin walked out of the g20 summit early, the summit in australia. tuesday - international negotiators meet in vienna. the talks come a week before the 24th deadline to secure an agreement. tuesday - word of the year for 2014. last year's word was selfie next on al jazeera america... >> local government should be compensated for fighting contagion. >> cities to be paid for treating ebola patients plus, it may be a recognisable hat and after the
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auction, one of the most expensive sold pal. -- sold as well.
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- o the world health organisation says its concern with mali's read niness failed to diagnose the religious leader that had the ebola virus. it was not detected until a nurse died. 400 people came in contact, with confirmed and suspected ebola patients. the potential for an outbreak in mali raised concerns. starting monday, travellers coming to the united states from mali will be screened for exposures. there are no direct flights from mali to the u.s. officials say 15-20 a day come from mali to the u.s. from other counties. 20 soldiers left fort bragg to help fight ebola in west africa. they'll set up a secure communications network for human
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tarrian workers in senegal. they'll have little to no contact with ebola patients. the soldiers have not been informed when they'll return home. >> u.s. senator chuck schumer said the quarantine of an ebola patient in new york city cost $20 million. dr craig spencer was isolated after being diagnosed with ebola on september 23rdrd. the federal government should reimburse, he says, and the city of new york for spencer's treatment. >> local governments should be compensated for fighting containing un, just after helping localities. cities need to know there'll be reimbursement there. so they don't skimp on what is needed to be done. they do this for tuberculosis, that's no reason they shouldn't do it for ebola. >> he added that new york city spent millions monitoring
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traffic, and the efforts are protecting the country. displaced people in libya are in need of shelter, understood, water. the fighting between rival militia groups have been forcing thousands from the home. it's been suggested that more than 100,000 people have been displaced in the past month alone. half are from benghazi. in the east, thousands fled in the south-east, and in the west. >> it is difficult. people are spread out across 35 towns and cities, and are in need of help where fighting is going on. there are civilian populations. that makes it a tough job to get humanitarian help. we had convoys going in. in august and september, those bringing in supplies, for two months words of help for a number of thousands of people. it's a drop in the ocean.
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we are trying to keep in contact with people, through social media, through other means, through our partners there. this is incredibly difficult situation, and a crisis which to some extent is being overlooked. >> two other migrants are safe thanks to a newly lunched operation. a portuguese group saved a group, 45 miles off the cost of libya. they were taken to sicily. portugal is one of 19 countries participating in operation triton. thousands of those rescued have been children, often orphans, a few of them have been placed with families, and the rest are growing up in group homes. a support group trying to change that will change it. government funding has not come through. sue turton reports on the
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italian island of sicily. >> reporter: a kick about between gambia, senegal, ghana, nigeria. all the crossings from south africa without parents and relatives. all hoping to be fostered by italian families. this man's family were killed. he fled to libya and was rounded up and forced on a boat. 120 people. >> reporter: crammed in. >> crammed. >> reporter: you didn't ask to get on the boat. >> we didn't know anything. we start going until morning. i saw myself in the middle of the sea. i said "god, is this how i'm going to end my life. i think i'll die." he is from senegal. he game over on a boat carrying 740 passengers. he said over 100 on board were killed by the traffickers.
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he was beaten and put in hospital after being rescued. both his parents are dead. and she is separate to find a family. if i want, i happy, i want family. i feel sad. i feel sat. >> over 1300 unaccompanied minors have arrived on italy's shores. over 3,000 have since disappeared. it's feared many have been forced into profit it use or slave labour. this center has been home to 100 aged between 15 and 18. promised funding from the interior ministry failed to observe. and it's been forced to close next tuesday. >> for 11 months we provided for the youngsters, without getting a single euro, we cannot do this any more. we have provided for them to give them back the dignity that no one else has given them.
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>> thousands are trying to cross the mediterranean to get here. the vessel saved 200 eritreans, somalians and libyans. many italian families want to take care of vulnerable unaccompanied children. the bureaucracy is stopping that happening. >> reporter: these kids are like us, they need to be in a family. if a family is prepared to foster, they should speed up the bureaucracy. >> for many youngsters, this house is the first time they felt safe since fleeing. now they want to start a normal life with a family to call their own this wednesday is designated world toilet day by the united nations. it may seem like a joke, but the u.n. is trying to raise awareness on an unglamorous topic, sanitation.
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2.6 billion, a third of the world's population do not have access to proper facilities. a billion people are forced to go tout in the open. women face an added threat of sexual violence. the lack of sanitation causes a host of diseases. 2.2 million deaths a year are linked to poor sanitation, that's more than aides, tuberculosis combined. >> we go to the toilet every day and grow up thinking when you have to go, you go. for a billion people worldwide, that is not easy, they have to wit until it's late at night. that's for women and girls, because it's graphiembarrassing through the day. they go behind rivers and bushes. it has profound effects on
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dignity and economically. it's costing the world a lot, that people don't have toilets. >> false sanitation costs $260 billion in health care a collector in south korea spent $2.4 million for a hat. not just any hat. richard martin reports. napoleon bonaparte was a great general history. as leader of france he can toured much of europe, and is it so wearing one of these hats. it was sold outside paris to a south korean collector for $2.2 million, almost four times more than its estimate. the black felt is a little weathered by age and youth. no one has worn the hat since it was received from the leader as a gift. >> translation: we know there are few of napoleon's hats left. today we document 19 of them,
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and 17 of those are in museums. this is unique. it's completely symbolic. it's part of an napoliionic collection. they are having a clear out, making way for the restoration of their palace, wanting ta make sure the its were not locked behind closed doors. >> we understand that underbutter feeds, enemies, calling the bats, because he has that silhouettes. it was the only in that side, at that time. it was to wear the hats. he wore the hats. it was unique to have this look. >> the collection contains dozens of treasures, many were
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ceremonial. or gifts. others like the hat were saved from the heat of battle. the sale will make millions for the grimaldi family, proving a lofting legacy thank you for joining us, i'm richelle carey in new york. have a great night. a global finacial powerhouse >> the roman catholic church, they have an enormous amount of power >> accusations of corruption... >> there is a portion of the budget that takes care of all the clerical abuse issues. >> now we follow the money and take you inside the vatican's financial empire. >> when it comes to money, this is one of the sloppiest organizations on earth... >> al jazeera america presents... holy money only on al jazeera america
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>> next on al jazeera america presents... >> the catholic church of the 21st century is a global financial power. the pope might just be one of the biggest landloards in the world. the church is now spending heavily on political lobbyists. >> 21% of the dioceses told us that they never audit their parishes. we found that 85% of the dioceses had experienced an embezzlement in recent years, many more than one.