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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 30, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EST

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>> the borderland thanksgiving day marathon. on al jazeera america. bringing french fighters to syria. meet the senegalese man considered the number one recruiter. >> translator: his videos are very basic but they have had a big impact on young people in france. ♪ ♪ hello and welcome to al jazerra live from doug doha. i am veronica pedroza. also coming up on the program. large protests in egypt after a court throws out murder charges against former president hosni mubarak. and quitting the force. the officer who shot dead a
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black teenager provoking rioting in the united states resigns from the police. ♪ ♪ the united nations is warning that the fighting in syria and iraq is attracting foreigners on an unprecedented scale. most of the recruiting is being done by the islamic state of iraq and the levant. it's estimated that of the 31 and a half thousand fighters in iraq and syria, at least half of them are foreign, omar better known as omar on him - omsen iso be the number one recruiter of french fighters. al jazerra has obtains an exclusive interview with him. zeina hodder reports. >> reporter: it was early in 2012 when foreigners joined the fight against the syrian government. some are mobilized by the suffering the syrians, for
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others it was a religious duty. >> reporter: omar is according to french government authorities the number one recruiter of french fighters. the senegalese born french national has given interviews before. but this is the first time he revealed his face. al jazerra obtain aid tape in which he explains how he convinced people that traveling to syria is migrating to the lands of islam.
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>> reporter: he used the internet to reach out to potential recruits. it's not clear how if a man who is not a cleric and spent time in a french jail on criminal are criminal charges was able to come to this points. he's now based in the syrian country side. today some experts believe he has little influence online and on the ground. >> translator: his videos very basic with old archives from films of news reels in france that call for knee happened abroad. through they have about a big impact. that has what has given him his legitimacy. omar's group attract far fewer militants, they have less presents pr*epbs online, they are quite isolated with very young followers. they also fight very little.
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>> reporter: today most of the recruiting is done by isil, and french nationals have appeared in the group's propaganda videos. according to the friend of government, france is the birth he felt single european supplier of fighters. authorities there say that more than 1,000 of its citizens have left or plan to leave to join isil. on the surface the message in their videos may not be any different from what omar used to recruit, but he didn't recruit fighters to join a specific group. but rather to join a cause.
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>> reporter: but get are rid of the assad government is clearly in the his only goal. there is no going back he says for those who have chosen this path. >> reporter: it is also a message that is well understood and conveyed by isil, a message that those who join the fight seem to clearly understand. zeina khodr, al jazerra. al qauda-linked fighters
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have car i had out a suicide attack targeting pro government forces near aleppo and syria. the nurse rah front reportedly seized control of two entrances to the towns. they are home for more than 40,000 people who are mainly shia muslims. opposition activists say the syrian government has been recruiting fighters from the town and launching attacks from there. in the syrian town of kobane, isil says it's detonated a car bomb at a border point. the group also says a separate attack targeted a border crossing building with tanks, kurdish fighters say suicide bombers who attacked a border post on saturday crossed from turkey, but turkey denied accusations that isil fighters launched an attack from it's a territory in to syria. syria's foreign ministry says turkey has to tighten its border or isil will not be defeated. also criticize the u.s.-led air strikes again the groups saying
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they haven't been effective. this video is said to shown the aftermath of a syrian air strike. iraq's anbar province has seen fierce fighting between government forced there and isil fighters. the iraqi army has been defending government-held areas of romadi city. it's within of the last major urban areas in anbar still under baghdad's control. to egypt where security forces have used tear gas and water cannon to clear thousands of protesters from the streets of the capital. two people died in the violence on saturday night sparked after a court threw out the murder case against former president hospital any mubarak. he was also acquitted of corruption charges. gerald tan takes up the story. >> reporter: cairo's square, the genesis of the 2011 revolution that brought down hospital any
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mubarak. on saturday a site of confrontation once again. protesters chanted slogans calling for a new revolution. security forces fired tear gas and water cannon to disburse them, several are arrested. the december strayings a whiplash to what's been called the trial of the censure any egypt. one with a controversial verdict. three years after being forced out of office and one retrial later the murder case against mubarak has been thrown out. the long-time leader had been charged with conspiring to kill protesters. back in january 2011. more than 800 people were kill killed. >> translator: it is not suitable for a former president to be taken to a criminal court, upholding to the terms and the conditions of the criminal law or to consider the things that he did wrong within his
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political responsibilities. even those crimes mentioned in the accusation list. >> reporter: the court also cleared my bar he can's much-feared interior minister, along with six of his senior aides. outside the court the verdict drew a divided response. from the victims' families and mubarak supporters. the verdict is wrong, we don't deserve this from the egyptian judiciary. >> translator: thanks got, now president mubarak got his rights back. >> reporter: the court also cleared mubarak close aides and two sons of corruption charges. mubarak is currently under house arrest. serving time for a separate em bays bezzle. conviction. he's long denied responsibility for the protesters' deaths and repeated his position to local media after the hearing. >> i felt i did not wrong at
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all. i was waiting to find out what they would come up with this time. it was an innocent verdict. i did nothing wrong another all but west not change destiny when i heard the previously ruling i laughed. this time i was just waiting. i felt indifferent. it is all in the hands of god. >> reporter: those that challenge the independence of the judiciary say the case was weak. >> the prosecutor general was given by mubarak himself. it was obvious. it was an obvious case of trying to rei'd have a real conviction. >> reporter: abdel sisi won the presidency in june, many egyptians had feared that mubarak and members of his regime would walk free. the verdict on saturday brings thor fears a step closer to reality. the question is what willie gyppings do about it now.
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gerald tan, al jazerra. al jazerra continues to demand the release of our three generally yojournalists who havn held in prison in egypt for 337 days. peter greste mohamed fahmy and bahar mo happen he would ar moh. they are appealing against their convictions. the policeman who shot dead an unarmed black teenager provoking rioting in the united states has resigned. protests were sparked last week when a grand jury chose not to indict officer darren wilson over the death of michael brown. daniel lak has this report. >> reporter: in his resignation letter darren wilson said that he was quitting the police department because he was worried about the safety of his fellow officers and of the community. and he also said he wanted to give the community time to heal. he also mentioned that he has been thinking about this for quite sometime. he wanted to remain a police officer, but it just wasn't
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tenable in hess circumstances. now, what's going to be interesting is the impact of that upon the protest that his have been taking place and in ferguson this day we saw some civil rights groups come together, launch a peaceful protest march that will last a week a seven-day march all the way to the capital of missouri. it's the national association for the advancement of colored people, a civil rights group and my colleague reports. >> we are going to survive and get justice. >> reporter: a blessing before a long march to demands change. in 1965 martin luther king, jr. led a march that led to legislation on equal voting flight 2014 civil rights activists hope their 193-kilometer, 7-day march from ferguson to the governor of missouri's mansion will also lead to a change in the law. >> looking for legislation to end racial profiling. it's a bill called end the
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racial profiling act that we are looking to pass. putting body cameras on police officers. >> reporter: it's an ambitious goal particularly as polls show a majority of white people in the u.s. don't know what all the fuss is about. don't you get the sense sometimes that the white effluent communities this is what they want. they want to keep black communities restricted? >> well, here is the question that i would pose. how good has this michael brown tragedy been for business in the greater st. louis area? it cannot be reasonably argued that children losing their lives as a consequence of the most under whelmingly of minor offense is his good for anybody. >> reporter: later in the afternoon, a meeting has been convened bringing together the numerous activist says groups have that have come together since michael brown's detective. the question that's been tabled, where do we go next. >> we need to keep the
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motivation and know duh that we have -- >> reporter: someone well placed for map out a strategy is the referent dr. william barber. he has amassed a social move in carolina now in its 75th week of frost. >> i met a woman from green peace and said she was glad to they are together. those attempting to deny healthcare. those attacking minimum wages, those who are attacking women's rights and lbgt rights and immigrants' rights, what you are hearing in america now with all of the different movements, is prophetic mourning. >> reporter: for bar berk it's the universality of the activists struggle that will make the difference. >> yesterday on at the plane a lady said we are landing in st. louis i wonder do we have to go through ferguson with fear and i turned around and said to her, yes, because ferguson is not just in missouri, every city you go through has some element of ferguson. >> reporter: al jazerra,
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st. louis. the world health organization says nearly 7,000 people have now died from the ebola outbreak in western africa. the number of deaths has leapt by 1200 in just four days since the laste lasted with last w.h.. it has mostly affected guinea, sierra leone and liberia where workers are going house to house to track down suspected cases,. >> reporter: when he's on patrol he gets straight to the point. he asks whether anyone has died here recently. >> no way. never. >> reporter: or whether anyone is sick. it's a routine he'll repeat every day. until this entire county in liberia's northwest is declared ebola free. >> translator: in my county, i am assigned to 40 households in
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block "c," but there are two of us. for me i have 20 houses i visit daily. among those 20 houses, i have come across three people who were sick. >> reporter: he is an active case finder. one of a thousand locals recruit today find those who may have ebola and to teach people about the disease. >> officials believe communities have the power to lower rates of infection. even by simple means. >> translator: since i started this awareness, it's encouraging. people are accepting it and some are going by what we are telling them. some forgot about using buckets to wash their hands and by my awareness going around talking to them, they have start today use buckets. >> reporter: but the ebola virus is still one step ahead of efforts to contain it. in liberia, it's thought just 23% of the people who have ebola are being isolated.
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and burial teams in liberia, guinea, and sierra leone are still in short supply. >> no secret barrier because. [ inaudible ] dead bodies,. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: the u.n. has put $250,000 towards training these ebola detectives. on the frontline battling myths that are still rampant across west africa. >> it's there for you to make the opportunity to believe that ebola is real. >> reporter: it's hoped that they'll prove an effective weapon. kim vinnell, al jazerra. still to come, we'll bring you the latest from istanbul where the head of the roman catholic church is trying to heal an age-old religious division. this is the scene right now at the church where pope francis is. and government workers in kenya pack their bags for fear of further attacks from el that back fighters from somalia. stay with us.
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for a historic meeting with kubli kahn, leader of the mongolian empire. relive this epic odyssey. people encountered. discoveries made. and now, questions answered. al jazeera america presents "marco polo: a very modern journey". the series continues. tomorrow. 9:00 eastern.
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hello again, you are watching al jazerra. quick reminders of the top stories. the unites nations a saying the fighter in ear gentleman and iraq a attracting foreign fighters. on a large scale. most is done by isil. in egypt, two people have been killed after security forces tried to disperse thousands of protesters. they were rallying the in capital coul cairo after the cot
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threw out the murder case against former president hosni mubarak. he was also h acquitted of corruption charges. ray policeman killing 18 ager in united states resigned. protests were sparked last week when a jury did not indict him for the killing of michael brown this pope francis is trying to heal a religious division which is almost a thousand years old. this is the scene live in istanbul. we are in the orthodox church of st. george. the patriot reaction bartholomew the first greeted francis for this ceremony. it was an important feast day for the orthodox church. the two churches, the cat licks and the orthodox split a thousand years ago in 1054, to be precise, over the prime is a of the papacy.
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pope francis' activities are the main reason for the visit. trying to build bridges between the two parts of the christian church. later on sunday pope francis is said to be planning to meet with a few dozen young refugees being cared for by a catholic religious order. turkey is currently hosting about 1.6 million refugees. they have had to flee fighting in neighboring syria, of course. well bring you more from the pope's visit to turkey as it happens. on saturday the pope visited istanbul's famous blue mosque. bernard smith reports. >> reporter: walking in to sultan mosque pope francis did as millions of visitors before him have done. he paused to take in one of the greatest masterpieces of on the
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monarchy texture. guided through the mask, this was the pope concentrating more on relidge issa fairs, on the second day of his visit to turkey. both men stopped to pray facing towards mecca. it was for the pope, a moment of silent adore action according to the vatican. presenting the pope with a gift of a blue tile he told the pontiff we are in need of prayers, the world really needs prayers, outside curious corists and a few turkish christians waited for a glimpse of the leader the world's roman catholics. >> he is bringing the message of peace. and we all in turkey believe in living in peace and we are very blessed that the pope visit us. >> reporter: security has been tight. local media reporting that 7,000 police officers were on duty for this visit.
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this part of the pope's visit were rich in symbolism. his every word and geez turan closely scout en sizize the as the pope tries to build bridges between islam and christianity. once this was christianity's most significant church in what was the capital of the business an teen empire, it was turned in tie mosque in 1453. today it's a museum. as the pop left, more symbolism, this time modern, he's been driven around in a modest saloon car, the famously frugal pontiff turning down the offer of an armored turkish government mercedes, bernard smith, al jazerra, istanbul. ray ken than policeman has been shot dead with the another critically wounded near a ref knee camp in the northeast, police believe al shabab has behind the attack. it happened a week after they a tapped taxed a bus.
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catherine soi reports on government workers camped at a military base waiting to be evacuated. >> reporter: he has walked as a government for five years, he now wants out, his friend was killed on the bus that was recently ambushed by the fighters from al-shabab not far from here. >> yeah, i feel like my life is in danger. the areas are different from other areas. this is not the first incidents people have been killed here. people usually die, but nobody talks about it. >> reporter: this is the main station the attack is back on the road think many nonsomalis are too afraid to travel this way. one of the few who have opted to take the bus, dozens of other civil servants are camping at a military airstrip waiting to be evacuated from the area.
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>> translator: we just game her looking for jobs. i have nod not decided to come back or not. >> reporter: the passengers have the protection of this man, police are now escorting buses. >> al-shabab, you know, militia has very well integrated with the locals, so much so sometimes it's not very possible for us to be able to, you know, to identify very easily who is al-shabab and who is not al-shabab. >> reporter: and because of that, there are numerous checkpoints along the ways. these people are going to pass through many security checks before they get to nairobi in about 36 hours. the idea is to make sure that no illegal immigrants get in to the city. those fleeing mandera say the a tacked are take sangster shape. it's believe the people killed on saturday perceived to be not nonplunonmuslims.
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the government says this will be safe. the people are not so sure. spanish protesters have marched in madrid against government cutbacks, high unemployment and corruption. the jobless were among the crowd, saying four years of governmental austerity measures have failed to help many. in haiti thousands of anti-government protesters took to the streets. they were demanding the regular resignation for president for failing to have elections. uruguay's former president is the favorite to win sunday's presidential election, whoever wins will be expected to follow a progressive and fiercely independiente general duh. daniel reports from the capital.
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>> reporter: then it was voting rights for women. better working for women and education for all. more recently the outgoing president oversaw the legalization of same-session marriages and abortion, and a percentage campaign of his was to provide syrian refugees with houses, jobs and education. >> translator: what we are spending now on bringing them here will be repaid because they are going to work to pay to taxes. so really this is not an expense, it's an investment. >> reporter: another ground breaking policy was for uruguay to become the first country in the world to legally produce and sale marijuana. >> ther >> translator: there are so many interested parties, economic, political. moral. so many people worried about the consequences so we are happy the government has been taking its time, it's is taking care.
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>> reporter: all growers and users are being registered. marijuana will go on sale shortly at pharmacies, the country is fighting a determined battle against tobacco use. it's not always easy being the smallest country in the neighborhood, having to find and assert an identity and avoid being overshadowed even bullied. however, being small and manageable can have its advantages. uruguay has been forced to assert itself politically and economically. and on the international football stage winning two world cups. it's loudly proud of its footballing heritage. whoever wins sunday's election, the governor broad front or the opposition national party's luis will have to deal with several problems, including rising crime and poverty and trade disputes with its neighbors, but he'll have to deal with them in uruguay's unique and very particular way.
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daniel, al jazerra. and a reminder that you can keep up-to-date with all of the news on our website as you can sey just a minute is the maisee egypt is the mainstos >> june 2010, fighting erupts between the uzbek and kyrgyz communities of southern kyrgyzstan. the violence spreads from osh to nearby towns. >> they came and started looting houses, killing people. systematic theft, destruction, and brutal mob violence.