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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 1, 2015 11:00pm-12:01am EST

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al-megrahi's guilt >> the most definitive look at this shocking crime >> the major difficulty for the prosecution that there was no evidence >> al jazeera america presents lockerbie part three: what really happened? >> hi everyone this is al jazeera america. i'm jonathan betz in new york. john seigenthaler is off. [ cheering and applause ] >> political titan. >> this nation is more a tale of two cities than it is just a shining city on a hill remembering the life and legacy of mario. fight for freedom, a new trial for three al jazeera journalists imprisoned in egypt for a year. >> peter is still there, and we are still fighting and it's 12 months down the track beyond ferguson.
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a case that sparked a national debate, and the impact it could have on policing in america. and cutting edge - some of the gis mos and gadgets that change the way we live in 2015 and we begin with the death of an american political icon. former new york governor mario cuomo, once a shining star died of heart failure. he served three terms as governor from 1983 to 1984, making headlines in 1984 speaking at the democratic convention. he became a front-runner for the presidency, a race he would never run. paul beban joins us on the life of governor cuomo. >> his son was inaugust raid today. -- inaugurated today.
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andrew spoke about his father earlier today. >> he couldn't be here physically today, my father but he is in the room. he is in heart and mind of every person who is here. he's here and here and here. and his inspiration and his legacy and experience is what has brought this state to this point. >> legacy and spirit. much of what cuomo talked about goes back to mario cuomo, the spell-binding orator. he was inaugust raid governor and -- inaugurated governor and would vault on to the national stage with what many would consider was the greatest speech was the keynote address, and a rebuttal to president regan's vision of america as a "shining city on a hill" much a shining city is perhaps all the
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president see froms the white house, and the verandah of his ranch, where everyone seems to be doing well. but there's another city. there's another part to the shining city. the part where some people can't can't pay their mortages and most young can't afford one he described how the elderly trembled in their basements, families trembling the poor and put into speech as relevant today as it was 30 years ago, and in some ways that speech was the high water mark of the mario's political career. as governor of new york his hope for amintishes and act visit government was swamped. to his frustration, he would never run for president or become the national leader. president bill clinton was poised to appoint him to the supreme court, but in the end he did not want the job.
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the "new york times" reports that cuomo was asked what he wanted for an enny tat -- enny tat and his anwas he tried. the governor tweeted to say his country and region lost a giant. he was a strong and eloquent leader. >> thank you. tonight president obama issued a statement of his on calling mario cuomo a determined champion of values: coming up at the half hour we'll look at mario cuomo's political legacy a retrial has been granted for plooe al jazeera journalists in prison in egypt since last december. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed remain behind bars tonight. word of a new trial is raising hopes their convictions could be overturned. the move disappoints those that hoped to see the men released.
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roxana saberi has more. >> the state department says it will urge egypt to release the journalists. in a statement they said: many supporters of the three men say they never should have been arrested in the first place. >> reporter: after a full year in prison the three al jazeera journalists start a new year behind bars. thursday, a top court ordered a retrial for answer peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed. -- for australian peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed. it denied them bail. outside the courthouse the supporters expressed disappointment. >> it's hard to see your loved one in prison behind bars for doing his job. i hope that - i believe there is a misunderstanding and it needs
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to be corrected. >> i was expecting yes, every trial, but i expected with that a release today. >> the free peter peter greste page posted a message by australia: peter greste was a correspondent in cairo for two weeks when arrested. the first trial was most unfair and unjust. there's nothing that can be guaranteed, even for a retrial. the three journalists were sentenced 7 to 10 years in prison. they are accused of supporting the now banned muslim brotherhood. an attorney for mohamed fadel fahmy said on thursday there's no connection. they assume if you work for al jazeera, you are a member it is not true.
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>> reporter: the journalists imprisonment sparked an outcry and on social media where the # free aj staff has gone wild. they said: press rights groups are reiterating that the journalists should never have been gaoled in the first place. >> today we are disappointed. we would have luked to see them completely free. at the same time we see the trial as an opportunity for the court, for the egyptian judicial system. that they are incident. >> egypt's president abdul fatah al-sisi said he's considering using his power to release the journalist. he said the legal process has to run its course andrew gresta brother of
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peter greste joins us via skype. how did the family react learning that a new trial was ordered for your brother? >> we were a little surprised at the speed of yesterday's decision, but over all we are - we think it's a step in the right direction to seeking justice for peter. it's a move that acknowledges that the first trial was flawed and we see it as an opportunity now for president abdul fatah al-sisi to step in and we'll make application for it to have peter deported upped the presidential decree that was announced in november. >> there has been a lot of take about the presidential decree that the president said he wished the president was deported instead of imprisoned. is that something you hope will happen, do you think there's a lot of hope there, that the journalist may be released soon? >> that's right. we think now it's a window of opportunity for that to happen.
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the president has made numerous comments that he wished they'd been deported and if he was in power. we see now that peter is - is - his circumstances changed from being a convicted person to someone that is being accused, and there is an county for the president to exercise his powers under the decree and have them deported. we think - we are confident that we might see some action on his behalf. >> have you been able to speak to peter, do you know how he's doing or what state he's in? >> no, obviously we know peter was anxious in the lead up to yesterday's court hearing, as we all were. mum and dad are over in egypt at the moment. they visit him on christmas day. we will not be able to see peter and gauge his reaction until sunday. we are hopeful that he's also pleased by today's outcome. >> what has the past year been
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like for you and your family. how difficult has it been to lead the campaign and get your brother freed? >> well it's been - it's been tough. it's been an arduous experience for all of us. particularly mum and dad. who are, you know elderly people, and it's been life-changing, i guess. i guess we had to deal with all sorts of new experiences and people and situations. and we are strongly believing that peter is an in the man, and we will not give up until justice is served until he's released. >> i know it's been a difficult journey, a long year for you guys. how hopeful are you today though. do you feel like change could be coming, or do you worry about getting your hopes up. >> we have been in this long enough now to still remain hopeful but cautiously
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optimistic. it's not over until peter's out. we are hopeful that this is a step in the right direction, and serving justice. i think there's a strong belief within the egyptian leadership for this to be - this whole case to end as well. it's not a good look for egypt. to have world attention focused on them and the egyptian system. i think that's why they are acknowledged by the amount of condemnation seen around the world from the u.n. to the president obama and countless world leaders condemning the first trial, and the convictions this they receive. >> a lot of outcries against the convictions, and possibly hope as well. thank you for your time. we appreciate it. >> more equipment is arriving in indonesia to help with the recovery of airasia 8501. the weather is a worry for teems there.
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john terrett has more. >> jonathan there are hopes that the bad weather getting in the way of diving crews may ease there are reports that the high seas may persist for the best part of a week. in the meantime more than 150 families are waiting for news of their loved ones. >> indonesia started the new year holding candles and praying for passengers and crew on board airasia 81. >> i hope the families left behind can stay strong and the search and rescue teams can find all the victims as soon as possible. >> this morning a sombre ceremony as the first victim is identified and returned to her grieving family. the coffin bearing her name was carried out of the hospital and transported home. other bodies recovered from the java sea arrived today at a military base. the coffins marked with numbers, indicating the latest victims taken to a police hospital. now the painstaking process
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begins to try to identify the dead. indonesian red cross workers are going through fingerprint and other passenger records. on board the airbus qz8501, 118 people including 18 children. skies cleared overnight in the java sea for a short time. >> we are working hard trying to recover the black box. that is the latest activity. >> there were reports that sonar may have detected part of the plane, something the c.e.o. of airasia disputes. >> nothing is confirmed here. there are lots of rumours going around. and until we have visual confirmation what you have heard is speculation. >> the malaysian navy released photos. it's unclear whether the slide was deployed or activated on exact.
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>> a reminder that the crucial black box flight recorders have not been found. experts say they have 25 days on battery life. none of the telltale pings have been heard either. >> thank you jirt in afghanistan-- security in afghanistan is in the hands of the afghan people raising uncertainty, especially for the economy and for afghans trying to build new businesses. jennifer glasse has that report. >> the factory in kabul produces it 150,000 juice packs, and the owner is proud his product is home grown. >> we are the only it company in afghanistan to use afghan fruits. there are two more companies, they are importing raw material from outside. >> reporter: we first met cedic two years ago after a suicide bombing destroyed millions of dollars of the juice pulp.
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he wasn't sure if he would rebuild. he has he's expanding. >> that's a business. it's no the a smart move at all. it's not work and with a high risk. but afghans, being an inhap tant of the country -- inhabitant of this country, it's a mart move. >> he employs 350 people to buy and produce the juice. he plans to employ 200 more works e and buy from more farmers to make twice as much juice. they had hoped the economy would improve at the end of the political deadlock but he says the government made no chance and the economy is at a stand still. this wholesaler nose it too well as he pounds the pavement trying to sell energy drinks. >> -- shopkeepers don't by
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anything, many closed their shops because of the uncertain situation. they don't want to invest anything. >> investment is out of the question the the store used to be three times as big. he's struggling to survive. >> 11 people depend on the shop to live we are operating at a loss. we are living off savings, and instead of expanding our business we are going backwards. >> nouri helps the new government will do something to turn the economy around. he's not sure what they can do and whether it will be in time to save his business. >> still ahead tonight. after michael brown and eric garner are people in the u.s. changing the way they thing about the role of police officers. millions of americans will get a bigger pay check this week.
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as we look back at 2014 one of the biggest fallalways was to african-american men killed by police officers. it opened old wounds starting a dialogue on policing in in country. ashar quraishi takes a look at the incident that started it all. >> reporter: 50 years after the civil rights act was passed old wounds were opened as racial tensions erupted on the streets of ferguson, missouri. shots were fired. stores looted. businesses set ablaze and cars destroyed. 3.5 months of fury had been simmering since a white police officer killed a black teenager on a warm saturday afternoon in august. michael brown had been lying in the street, shot six files. times.
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brown was unarmed. within hours, hundreds of outraged protesters took to the streets. soon some turned violent, looting and vandalizing 12 businesses. a gas station and convenience store was set on fire. more than 30 people were arrested. michael brown's parents protested peacefully leaning on civil rights act visits for support. >> no one has the right to take their child's name and drag it through the mud because you ain't. >> the st louis area has long been one of the country's most segregated regions, blacks had an economic disadvantage according to a 2010 consensus report. in 1980 ferguson was 40% black and 60% white. today near 70% are african-american. the police department has not
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kept up with the change. the city council is white. many of the police officers are white. >> nothing will change that. >> i don't want society to see this as just an african-american thing. we want justice period. >> the weekend of protests turned into days of anger and days for arrest of the officer who shot brown. police responded an armoured vehicles in full squad gear used to disperse demonstrators. many accused law enforcement of use excessive force. >> gunfire went off, molotov cocktails - we need to get everyone to calm down and try to bring some peace to this. >> reporter: some journalists covering the story were arrested. >> zip tied my wrists behind my back and put me in a paddy wagon. >> reporter: others were tear gassed including the al jazeera
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team. police took six days to release the name of the officer, darren wilson who fatally shot brown, and released civil was photos and video showing michael brown stealing cigars from a convenience for before the shooting. later there was more looting and violence. some weptnt here to the liquor store. some wept in another group tried to do that. >> the people came in trying to loot the store, don't do ta that's not what it's about. this is the civil rights movement. i'm antoine smith. local authorities sent the brown case to the grand jury. the department of justice issued an investigation. >> in ferguson the investigation will assess the police department's use of force, including deadly force. it will analyse stops, searches and arrests. and if will examine the treatment of individuals detained at the city gaol. >> in late november 2.5 months after the shooting the mistrust
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deepens, when the brown family and residents hears the decision. >> they are determined that no probable cause is issued for darren wilson. and returned a no cause bill. >> reporter: for some it was too much to bear the night erupted in violence behind anything the community saw. wrioos from ferguson -- riotiers from ferguson to dellwood damaging businesses along the way. business owners were left to pick up the pieces anger and frustration persisted. >> they told us that they would protect the businesses and everything. >> reporter: despite the hurt distrust and turmoil endured, many hope for piece and change in the -- peace and change in the new year. >> there's nothing wrong with falling. the problem is when you don't get up a policy and advocacy director at the ac lu - work focussing on issues that have a
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disproportionate impact on communities of colour. and she joins us. a lot of anger and distrust between the police and communities. how do you think that can be rebuilt here? >> the thing that needs to happen is our discourse around the ferguson incident and the incidents in new york and across the country, you need to go beyond the bad cop issue. we need to look at the structure of our policing, and whether or not policing as it exists today is aeffectuting public safety. so. much policing whether in new york or washington d.c. focuses on you know aggressive selective enforcement. low level, nonviolent offenses creating the type of distrust that black or brown communities experience with the plus. it makes it difficult for police officers to truly effectually
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public safety. >> how should the police be out there policing the streets? >> one of the things that happened through the war on drugs is police have become central in the public safety paradigm. in that paradigm police are not the only institution, they are mental health providers, services for children and families, there are, you know drug rehabilitation services. and much of the community policing models that purport to exist today. they have an idea about connecting police departments with other institutions. part of what needs to happen in community policing is that the police need to be decentralized. we need to ask ourselves whether more police makes the community safer, perhaps, you know when it comes to drug possession charges, we should focus on decriminalization, and bringing other professionals, and their resources and expertise to bear.
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>> break it down if i understand you correctly, sounds like you say the police are getting focused on low-level crimes, is that what you are saying? >> i'm saying that that is exactly what it is. washington d.c. is a perfect example. in the district of columbia we have 600,000 residents. we have 45,000 or more rests every year. >> washington d.c. is largely held up as a model of community policing. more than 96% of our rests are for nonviolent offenses and whenever we look and we see the type of racial disparity in the district of columbia, where more than 80% of people arrested are black people despite making up only about 50% of the population black on black crime is cited. there's a disconnect because how can the over-policing of black community be justified by black on black crime when you have a heavy selective enforcement of low-level
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nonviolent offenses. this makes the communities left safe. when people are subjected to regular interfaith with police and it feels punitive and racially bias the communities are not going to trust the police. the fact of the matter is that the number one victim of violent crime is young black men, so any notion of public safety if it's a legitimate one needs to take into account whether or not we are making young black men safer. >> do you get the impression that after the anger, the protest, the conversation, do you get the impression that a lot of police departments are responding and taking the concerns seriously? >> i think that it is such egregious circumstances around the recent high profile incident, particularly michael brown, where there are a number of witnesses or eric garner
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where there was a video. that being said it's easy for officers and police departments to say this is not the norm. most are not killing people who are unaround and most are not - you know behaving in a manner we saw in the high profile incidents. it's important to realise that the fast majority - though they may be extremely aggressive dehumanizing, and vial out rights do not result in a shooting or a death. it is that every day mannerism and the way in which policing is conducted in america that is really problematic. not to mention the racial bias involved. >> a.c.l.u. thank you for your time tonight and still ahead on al jazeera america - the passing of a political titan, rehabilitation to the teeth of
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former new york governor mario cuomo. plus the still growing ebola crisis in sierra leone. i talk to a doctor there, working to contain the virus.
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welcome back to al jazeera america. coming up this hour mario cuomo - remembering the life of an icon. >> hope for chicago, a city once pleainged by violence. and pay day - millions of americans are about to get a plagued. well starting today millions of americans will earn larger pay checks. congress has not been able to plagued the federal minimum wage many states have. >> give america a plagued. >> reporter: a command from the
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commander in chief to relieve the working poor. as the new year began, more than 3 million americans who earn minimum wage are getting a plagued. in total - 29 states have minimum wages above the federal rate of $7.25 an hour. washington d.c. has the highest minimum wage at $9.50. analysts estimate the increase add as many as a few pennies to a paycheck not much more than a dollar. >> if you rely on minimum wage as your earnings $0.15 is a big deal. $6 is a quarter tank of gas. that may be enough to get you through the week. >> the federal minimum wage has been stopped. congress has not been able to agree on increasing it. it prompting the president to order. and plagued the minimum wage of federal contractors to $10.10.
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>> if you cook our troops meals or watch their dishes you should not have to live in poverty. >> reporter: the wages are in effect in washington where the government contractors are restoring the capital dome. 45 million americans still live below the poverty line less than 20,000 for a family of 4. those americans include this fast food worker and single mother. >> it's hard. hard for us. sometimes you don't have the money. sims a try to give them a lot of things. >> closing the gap means increasing the minimum wage. we'd like to see it happen at a national level. creating more jobs is another step that would plagued wages. >> reporter: critics worry about the cost of businesses about to
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feel the effect of paying higher wages. that includes wal-mart. the company employs 1.3 million workers. they are adjusting the salaries of workers at a third of country stores. if you have 100 employees, that's a big increase in pay. you'll have to add your bottom line. something has to change whether it's more profitability, or maybe less manpower. >> and even higher wages are on the way. further increases will happen throughout the year. the minimum wage in washington d.c. climbs to $10.50 in july. >> triple a says americans saved $14 billion last year due to falling gas prices and the trend continues. the cost of regular gasoline drops for a record 98 days in a row. stix states pay less than $2 a gallon. missouri is the lowest.
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the national average down to $2.24, over a dollar less than a year ago. the drop attributed to a price war over oil prices. >> former new york governor mario cuomo was once a political rock star. the democratic icon passed away. he served three terms as governor from 1983 to 1984. his keynote address at the democratics national convention made national headlines, repelling the fiery speaker to front-runner for the presidency. mario cuomo would never accept the challenge to run, retiring after being defeated in an attempt to win a fourth term as governor. he died of heart failure hours after his son andrew was sworn in as new york's governor for a second term. mario cuomo was 82 years old. professor of political science joins us on the phone. the legacy - everyone talks about the legacy of political leaders when they pass.
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what do you think mario cuomo will be. >> mario is a giant of the movement. he is someone who famously coined the term us know a tale of two cities, as new york city mayor bill de blasio talked about. he talked about back in 20-30 years ago, in his famous 1984 address at the democratic national convention in which he took on then president ronald reagan. he is a progressive giant. he's somebody who, you know came out of nothing. if you think about where he came from, he was somebody who came from a family that grew up. he had, you know little when he grew up. he grew up and his son was inaugurated as second for the second term as governor for new
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york. it was an amazing legacy. 100 children and grandchildren, and a progressive giant in the nation. as mentioned, his son was inaugurated hours before. we have sound from him speaking about his father at the inauguration. listen. >> he couldn't be here physically today, my father. but my father is in this room. in the hart and mind of -- heart and mind of every person here. he's here and here and here. and his inspiration, and his legacy and experience is what has brought this state to this point. [ clapping ] hours after that mario cuomo would pass. talk about the family the legacy that mario cuomo built there. >> it's fascinating. the inauguration was a sombre
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ceremony, one of the first things people talked about was the fact that mario cuomo was absent. that he was not feeling well enough to be at his son's inauguration, the rest of the family was. he saw his son, who worked with him closely when he was governor priced to become elected in 2010 and to be re-elected overwhelmingly this year. one of the popular governors across the country, democratic governors, and talked about as a potential 2016 presidential nominee, and, of course mario cuomo himself was talked about as a potential presidential nominee, and famously kept you know - decided in 1988 and 1992 not to run, and was dubbed hamlet on the hudson for an advertising. publicly over whether to run or not, and ultimately decided not to. >> and why do you think he never did decide to run for president? >> it's unclear exactly why he
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didn't decide to run. he talked about at the time having a lot of work to do. he was governor at the time. wanting to run, but having a commitment to the state that he was governing. there's a lot of speculation as to why he didn't one in "88 and '92, in 1993 you remember he was talked about as a potential supreme court nominee, and pulled his name out of that when the then president clinton thought about nominating for a seat on the supreme court. it's unclear as to why he didn't accept that he felt like he had an obligation to the state that he was governing at the time. earlier we saw a photo of you with the former governor. you met him once. what was he like personally? >> he was lovely. i met him at an event. his son was also there, and, you know just a really generous very thoughtful i think, one of the things people remember most is the way that he spoke.
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he was an eloquent speaker. personally one on one, and obviously in groups. and his famous speech at the democratic convention in the 1980s made the case. he was very much that in person. eloquent, smart, generous and, you know very very easy to talk to and concerned about what common americans and common new yorkers were thinking and feeling, there to support his son. >> how do you think he shakes the democratic party in the years ahead. >> it's fascinating for me to look at the 1984 democratics convention speech and that he coined a phrase on the lips of every progressive on the lips in the united states. way back in the 1980s, when ronald reagan was a popular president. he stood up and he said "you know what, president regan, you see this as a shining city but it is a city of - it's a divided city", and that is something
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that people today really embrace and have repeated many times, and they owe that to former governor cuomo, and we heard major bill de blasio come out and call him a giant. he was, and will remain that. especially a giant of the progressive movement and the democratic party. >> we'll leave it there. thank you for your time. we appreciate it. >> thank you. >> the city of chicago is beginning the new year with hope. >> 2014 ended with fewer murders than the year before. illegal guns and shooting are a problem. diane eastabrook has more on that. [ siren ] >> reporter: chicago closed another violent year marked with crime scene tape arrest and 7,000 compensated illegal guns. but the city the fbi labelled the murder capital three years ago says it got safer in 2014. >> right now we have the fewest murders to date since 1965 - 49 years ago.
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over all crime is down 12% from last year and down 27% from two years ago. >> still police superintendent gary mccarthy admits chicago faces challenges. there were fewer murders in chicago last year there were over 300 more shootings, and some parts of the city was dangerous. the increase in the west is up 13% this year over last. and some residents say they are afraid to leave their homes. hertz barber shop is in the middle of the war zone. gun violence is a common topic of conversation among the regulars. >> now it's like at any moment you have to know that someone will come out and start to shoot. >> they speculate about possible causes. >> time is different. you have parents at a younger age, for one.
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as opposed to when i was growing up. >> reporter: and solutions. >> there should be a better cordial relationship between people, the police officers and the community. >> there's no real love for the police. that has to change. >> illinois state representative represents the neighbourhood and sits on a violent provision tasks force. police need to build more trust with residents to slow the flow of ilguns and -- illegal guns and shootings. >> people call the police and want to help them be successful. the city has put more police on the streets. it helped to stop the violence. the answer is tougher gun laws with chicago set up with sequence like this they'll have their say on whether the crime fighting strategy is working. city-wide elections are coming up in the new year. diane eastabrook, al jazeera, chicago. >> ebola deaths have risen in
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west africa. according to the world health organisation, nearly 8,000 people have died of the disease. since the outbreak began in december 2013, more than 20,000 have been infected. the w.h.o. says the number of new cases is declining, guinea liberia and sierra leone are the hardest-hit countries. >> dr seussan donovan is a specialist at u.c.l.a. medical center and spent time in sierra leone working with the world health organisation to contain the outbreak. thank you for being with us. >> thank you. >> give us an assessment of what it was like on the ground in sierra leone. >> when i was there, it was when the epicentre of the outbreak was on the eastern border. and it was a difficult situation. most of the medical leadership died. the nursing and medical staff in the unit that i was working in were no longer present because they were either infected had
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died or left because of fears of their health. it was a difficult situation, before international resources had been deployed. we lost a lot of patients when i was there. >> in the time since, do you feel more resources have been devoted. that doctors and health officials are slowly getting ahead of the disease? >> without question there has been a tremendous increase in international efforts in west africa. the bed capacity has expanded tremendously, and the ability to have a rapid diagnostic test results dash which is so important, in isolating patients quickly and letting them know if they are not infected - all of that improved. there's a lot of areas that we need to work on. one of the big areas is just having the bed staffed.
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there's still difficulty in deploying health care workers to the area certainly the quarantine. the laws had been implemented in the united states telling us what had been a tremendous obstacle for many workers. >> explain to us why we are seeing the obstacles and difficulties, a lot of people in the u.s. watch the news or see all the resources, they are seeing the aid groupers helping, why can't this get under control? >> i think it is getting under control. i'm cautiously optimistic that the cases will continue to decrease. but if there's anything we learnt from what happened last spring it's we can't let our guard down with this disease, there'll be intense transmission and we have lost a lot of leadership in africa. the health care system in west africa imploded. it's not just about ebola, it's children and adults dying from
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malaria, there has been an implosion of the infrastructure of these countries, so it's not just a matter of taking care of ebola, but supporting the countries on the road to recovery helping them with their economy, making sure that all the different areas of the country have the support they need. >> so when you think of the fallout of ebola in west africa what do you foresee as the big issues? >> i think one of them is a tremendous number of orphans left in the country with no one to care tore them but the -- for them but also the any has been destroyed in these countries. they are ready, have been tremendously impacted by civil strikes before ebola was recognised last spring. when we see a decrease in cases, everyone is concerned that all the resources will be pulled out of west africa and the countries, with limited
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resources prior to ebola, will be left rebuilding the health care systems, and their economies with little help outside of africa. >> progress is being made clearly a long road ahead. dr susan donovan with the u.c.l.a. medical center - thank you for your time tonight still ahead on al jazeera america, an olive branch of sorts to kim jong un's neighbours to the south. a look back at the conflict in gaza where things stand between israel and the palestinians, and what could happen in 2015.
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north korea's leader kim jong un used his knew year's speech to strike a conciliatory tone. >> translation: if the atmosphere and environment there, there's no reason not to call a high manufacture level summit -- high-level summit. south korea's president park geun-hye is willing to meet kim,
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and wants to see the north take a step towards dissolving the programme. last high-level talks happened in february. >> last summer's war in gaza took a heavy toll. the kidnapping and murder of three teens led to many events. it saw a cycle of attacks. and lead to the deaths of palestinians. this department building collapsed because of an israeli air strike. nick schifrin was there for much of the war and filed this report. for 7 weeks gaza was at war, and war spares no one, not the gazan cameraman and driver killed side by side. not the family kid as they slept on the blanket in a school supposed to be a shelter. and not the israeli communities where missiles became the sound
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track. where bomb shelters were terrifying. from late june to mid august the israeli military invaded and bombed gaza. they dropped approximately 20,000 tonnes of explosives equivalent to a small nuclear weapon. this gassan posted a facebook photo to acknowledge after three wars in six years he had seen things no teenager should have to see. >> guys like me getting murdered and bombed in their houses. so i ask myself will i be next or what? it's tough. in the middle of residential neighbourhoods allies launch 4,000 rockets, deeper into
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israel than ever before. palestinian fighters used unprecedented tunnels to it sneak into israel. israeli residents living closer to gaza were traumatized. >> my second is suffering. he was holding his head saying it's in my head i can't get the code red out of my head. >> the war lasted longer than the two previous conflict combined. in part because people on both sides supported if. in gaza palestinian fighters launched rockets. inside the schoolchildren cheered. they told me they hoped they land in the united states. israel rants to take the weapons from our fighters. if the war is two months or a year i'm in favour. five miles away in israel they provided the best views of gaza some view the onslaught as a spectator sport.
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"i wanted to see how we strike back", he says. the strikes were asymmetrical. crude rocket struggled against the iron dome. in gaza there was no iain dome no bomb shelters. all gazans had were ground-floor apartments, where this man thought his kids were safe. in the worst areas, survivors were dwarfed by the destruction. streets closest to the israeli border were gosh. this was the war's epicentre. the israeli f-16s dropped thousands of bombs. the green hamas flags fluttered from homes. >> this is a u.n. school. it's been completely gutted by an israeli strike. if you look down here you see how empty the neighbourhood is and you hear the sound of israeli drones. across the street from the school you see this - a house.
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it's been destroyed. hamas fought the war in part to gain international attention. four months later the stroip is as neglected as ever. tens of thousands are homeless. neither side wants to start gain, but the peace is fragile the vice president was on damage control duty in brazil. joe biden attended the reinauguration of brazilian president dilma rousseff. his mission - to patch you relations. edward snowden revealed that the u.s. was snooping on dilma rousseff's emails text messages and telephone calls. still ahead - cutting edge technology that you'll see more of in 2015.
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2015 is going high tech look for technology to keep us healthier and make life easier. we have a preview. >> reporter: flexing its muscles for the first time this fabric has fibre optic centers woven into it. it can monitor the wearers health and motion much the developers say the technology is almost invisible, making it easier to integrate into normal clothing. opening up the possibility of it being used in more areas, including fashion garments. >> fashion changes radically and
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quickly. fab bricks can be up -- fabrics can be up dated. >> reporter: taking off in 2015 the use of drones. small unmanned remote controlled aircraft. as prices drop they ball popular. not just with government agencies and professionals like film-makers, but hobbyist. >> very very few drones are licensed, which these are the prospects of 12-year-old boys using these things at the top of blocks of flats, which as we have seen with drones being close to customer aircraft there's a lot of concern. >> reporter: from the smart wheelchair which monitors the user's health and the mechanical chair to smart cities where the data from millions of censors analysed and responded to helping to manage traffic and the use of utilityies like
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water. 2015 is expected to see hundreds of millions of devices, and a boom in what is called revenue streaming. when the people use the internet to connect with others to offer a service of some sort. it could be a ride in their car. >> or letting someone else use their home or flat. >> the software matches demand to apply, allowing people that have a home that they don't use, or you know they can go away for the reasoned and monetizing that. 2015 is the year that biometric readers are introduced for banking, and there'll be a huge increase in the encryption of personal data. both boosting online security in our increasingly collected world. and finally, now to tonight's freeze frame, from a
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small coastal city in jp yn west of tokyo. the men are riding a shrine. it is a new year's day tradition. people are carried during a festival wishing for calm waters and good fortune. happy new >> if we don't have a verdict by one o'clock it's gonna be another day. >> well it's either gonna be before noon, or they get to come back at one thirty. >> the waiting is what will knock you for a loop. if she goes to jail again i think she'll come out in a body bag. >> are they out? we are sitting right there in my office on pins and needles. >> the fact that they have been