Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 23, 2015 6:00pm-7:01pm EST

6:00 pm
ink, you know, i don't believe them. so, it became personal absolutely. >> ali, what an honor to have such a good, long opportunity to talk to you? >> thank you, brother. . >> uncertainty in the middle east. saudi arabia's farewell to a king. his elderly successor promises that his u.s. ally that they'll stay the course. in yemen the rebel up rising threatening to tear apart the country. the isil threat. the deadline for two japanese hostages expire.
6:01 pm
>> the civilized world will not cower in the face of this vie glens and weapons in the air the record 23,478 of firearms found in luggage most of them were loaded. >> this is al jazeera america live from new york city. i'm stephanie sy in for tony harris. world leaders converged on the saudi capitol to pay their respects to the royal family. king salman promises to ton his brother's policies. >> many arrive to pay their respects to a leader seemed by
6:02 pm
many as a reformer. among them, the prime minister of egypt. just after they arrived for riyadh they attended a simple funeral lasting less than an hour. other international leaders have also passed on their respects, and in a statement u.s. president barack obama said as a leader he was always candid and had the courage of his convictions. one of those convictions was his steadfast and passionate believe in the importance of the u.s.-saudi relationship as a force of stability and security in the middle east and beyond. and a similar sentiment from the former president of israel simone perez. >> this is a real loss in the middle east. and a real loss for peace in the middle east. he was an experienced leader and
6:03 pm
a wise king. >> the u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon said as a driving force, king abdullah left a tangible legacy that can still point a way towards peace in the middle east. and it's a legacy that stands out in saudi history. >> he unleashed a foreign policy that was far more dynamic interventionist and militant in some ways than any previous saudi king. he sent troops to bahrain to stop the up rising and many things like that around the region. this is very unusual for saudi leadership but this is one of the things that he has done. >> the new king salmon has said he would steer the same course as his predecessors. >> we're diagnose to continue with the approach of father, king abdullah assis who is followed by his sons we're going to continue to implement the qur'an and the character of
6:04 pm
prophet muhammad into our legislation. >> there is no former swearing-in ceremony for king salman but he'll be greeted by other members of the royal family and saudi arabia to show their allegiance. the former king has now been buried in a simple, unremarkable grave. >> now the saudi king's relationship with two american presidents at times generated headlines, but not for the reasons they might have wanted. king abdullah's government began a deck raids-long relationship between the u.s. and saudi arabia. libby casey. >> reporter: good evening stephanie. this relationship is important to both countries, president obama saying in a statement that he appreciated king abdullah's perspective and valleyed their friendship, which he described as farm warm and genuine. but the premiership between the united states and saudi arabia
6:05 pm
also holds undeniable tension. it's a 70-year alliance that dates back to frank lynn roosevelt and king abdullah's father and continues to today. >> the president expressed his deepeth sympathies and condolences to the family of king abdullah and to the people of saudi arabia. the president enjoyed a genuine and warm friendship with the king. under the king's reign the united states and saudi would strengthen their partnership and work together on a number of challenges. >> reporter: their relationship tensioned over issues like iran. the saudis upset with negotiations with their mine rival. and syria where president obama backed down from the red line and strikes against the assad regime which saudi wanted to see toppled and in egypt where the obama administration supported the democratic election that led to the muslim
6:06 pm
brotherhood's brief rise to power. to try to smooth over the disagreement, president obama paid a visit to king abdullah last spring, but it was meetings between president george w. bush and then crown prince abdullah that showed the countries' dependence. the relationship between bush and abdullah strained at times too. 15 of the 19 hijackers responsible for the september 2011, 2001, terror attacks were saudis. and during the iraq war in 2003 abdullah refused to allow u.s. faces into the area. it is oil that serves as the glue and source of friction between the two countries but both recognizing a need for each other on issues beyond oil. >> in his work on interfaith
6:07 pm
understanding i remember as a young senator meeting with him listening to him and being encouraged by his commitment putting together an inter faith conference and efforts to bring people together to create better understanding. >> the new king is expected to maintain strategic policies similar to his predecessor stephanie, that extends to the are pratt of the united states and. >> ceo of the gulf tank, he told me why the succession line was decided so quickly. >> that is the story of the day that the decision was made or announced really before the king king king abdullah's body was
6:08 pm
buried. give the urgency of the times in which we live it was not surprising perhaps that the decision was made to go ahead and announce the designation of the successor to the successor. >> the deputy crown prince, which would be the next successor. i know you met many members of the saudi royal family. have you met king salman? what can you tell us about him. >> he is a distinguished individual with oodles of experience over theears. i first met him when he was governor of riyadh years ago and he always struck me that he would put the interest of the family and country above all else. >> there are rumors that he is in frail health. are those rumors true? >> no one really knows but the rumors that we zoo in the papers that he has dementia or alzheimer's disease are all false.
6:09 pm
there is no indication whatsoever that he suffers from such a debilitateing disease. >> would you expect more social or political reform under king salman's rule? >> think king salman will really continue on the pace his his predecessor has created. change does not happen quickly. it is more gradual and takes time but change does occur in the kingdom, a lot of it has been occurring during the past few years. the national dialogue sessions and the role of women and the role of education, and more importantly the way the religious establishment fits in the system have all been discussed very openly. under king abdullah, a great deal of reforms have been introduced. >> how much that have is due to the domestic situation in
6:10 pm
saudi arabia unemployment, a very young population. half the population is under the age of 25. how inevitable is change in saudi arabia's future, and could that be destabilizing in the same way we've seen in other countries in that region? >> although saudi arabia has challenges mostly economic for the reasons you've just described, all of these challenges are manageable. and it seems to me the challenges that the kingdom faces, the faster the reforms will occur. >> you're saying that saudi arabia does not face the same political turmoil that we've seen in neighboring yemen that has led to the toppling of several governments at this point? >> i'm quite optimistic about the future not only of saudi arabia but even of yemen. i think what we're seeing in yemen, we're seeing in iraq and syria lebanon to a certain
6:11 pm
extent and egypt as well, these are the difficulties that have been created after the so-called arab spring in 2011. true there is a war going on against isis in iraq and syria primarily, and there is a war going on in yemen as well. but the solutions for both of these are political. the overwhelming majority of arabs want to have progress and peace. they don't want policies that will take them back to the 14th century. that's where the arab world is going. on the contrary the arab country is moving forward. >> and yet in saudi arabia, women still cannot drive. >> it is true. this is a segregated society and women do not drive but women have made strides in saudi arabia and i will wager that women will drive in
6:12 pm
saudi arabia sooner than people assume. >> there have been an arms deal with saudi arabia, and on that front the country's corroboration, the fact that the u.s. is now less dependent on saudi oil, is it getting harder to make the argument in the u.s. that saudi arabia needs to be a close ally. >> the united states is a global power. it does not necessarily have to import the oil itself to be interested in secure energy sources in this part of the world because the rest of the world depends on it. the question of energy goes beyond the immediate import of a particular country. it goes to the stability of the initial markets. >> meanwhile, the january security forces tear gassed
6:13 pm
anti-government protesters. political instability in yemen threatens to tear that country apart. the parliament is scheduled to meet on supplied to approve the president and the cabinet's resignation. houthi rebels are in firm control of the capitol leading to the dividing of the nation. >> several are calling for the government's return. >> we demand president hadi go back on the resignation. >> houthi rebel supporters held a counter rally. houthies are now in complete control of sanaa. parliament and the presidential palace are surrounded.
6:14 pm
houthi leaders were allegedly targeting two bombings of the capitol today. a large blast was reported in the northern city of asn a a. asanaa. >> i want to assert again that the crisis cannot be resolved other than what you agreed upon through the outcomes of the peace and national partnership agreement. i call on you all to have wisdom in national spirit and use dialogue and political action to resolve any disagreement. >> the two sides appeared to have struck another deal earlier this week that would have ended months of political unrest, but the governor later backed out of the deal in protest, and resigning. destabilizing the fragile economy.
6:15 pm
>> they are destroying all the values of our peaceful revolution and the most important thing that they destroy was. >> houthies want greater autonomy and a say in central government but the rebels are accused of working with deposed president saleh and being spurned on by iran, which the houthies deny. >> based on what we know right now, it is not clear that iran is exerting any sort of command and control influence over the houthi rebels. we're certainly aware of the reports that there are ties between the rebel group and the iranians. we're concerned about that. >> a key question, how this instability will effect the u.s. partnership against al-qaeda in the arabian peninsula. president hadi had international backing because of his support of western airstrikes on the armed group. the chaos created by his departure give al-qaeda an
6:16 pm
opportunity to effect more than just yemen's future. the japanese government is trying to figure out if two japanese individuals captured by isil are still alive. isil wanted $200 million for their release. the group set a deadline for that ransom to be paid. and that deadline expired several hours ago. let's go to jamie mcintyre. is there any indication that the hostages are still alive? >> reporter: well, stephanie the short answer is no, there isn't. but there is also no indication that they have been executed yet by the isil fighters. a pair of japanese officials have traveled to oman jordan, to see if they can negotiate their release. they're very pessimistic at the meant gone. isil fighters in the past have shown that they're willing to carry out executions. they also don't think that japan will pay a ransom.
6:17 pm
the u.s. has a policy of never paying ransom, and there are limited options. the only thing that could be done is a military rescue, that's very risky and it would require intelligence that the u.s. does not believe exists. >> the u.s. has been touting the success of its air campaign against the islamic state in iraq and the levant, how much progress has the u.s. actually made? >> well, you know, stephanie every day pretty much the pentagon the central command puts out a statement saying what the airstrikes have accomplished. the latest one today lists more than 2 dozen targets of buildings, heavy weapons bunkers, but the real question is how much is this war of attrition moving iraq and the u.s. towards victory? >> this u.s. central command cockpit video shows a nighttime airstrike in iraq, the targeted leadership of isil that is referred to by the acronym
6:18 pm
daesh. it's one of 2,000 airstrikes that the u.s. and coalition partners have conducted since august in iraq and syria. speaking at the world economic conference in davos switzerland switzerland, secretary kerry said that daesh is on its heels. >> no one can move without worrying what will come down from the skies now. >> reporter: claiming 6,000 isil fighters killed, and half of its leadership wiped out. but at the pentagon outgoing defense secretary chuck hagel who like kerry is a vietnam war veteran dismisses it. >> it is a measurement but i don't think it is the measurement. i mean, i was in a war where there were a lot of body counts every day and we lost that war. >> but pentagon sources paint a
6:19 pm
picture of degrading isil's capability and cutting it's supply lines. iraq's new prime minister hireddal bady said that an iraqi army will retake mosul. >> if we're talking about eliminating daesh from the face of the earth that will take a long time. but if we're going to push daesh out of iraq that, will take months. >> the area controlled by isil, only 270 have been retaken by iraq just over 1%. >> i think we all recognize that it's a small percentage of the total right now but we're only six, seven months into this thing, too. >> u.s. snarl command central
6:20 pm
commander said that experienced fight necessary iraq, including peshmerga and trained sunnies will be ready by the spring, but he stressed that iraq remain in charge and any offensive comes on their timetable. >> with their ground forces jamie mcintyre for us at the pentagon. thank you. saudi arabia is the world's largest oil producer, so a change in leadership is bound to make markets a little nervous. patricia sagba is next. andand a prosecutor accuses argentina's press of a cover up.
6:21 pm
you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> don't try this at home. >> "techknow" where technology meets humanity. tomorrow at 7:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america.
6:22 pm
>> the death of saudi arabia's king abdullah raises questions about the country's oil policy. so far the saudi message appears
6:23 pm
to be business as usual. patricia sagba joins us now. what is the message coming out of saudi arabia on its oil policy. >> the message was continuity. we're going to stay the course through the current policy. nowthey're going to keep they are current oil minister, one who has been made minister in 1995. he is also the architect of their current plan. they're not cutting back production, and because they're keeping taps open, that is adding to an oil glut that is in the market that is seriously depressing oil prices. the saudis have said that they're doing this to defend market share against up starts especially american oil frackers, but there is a school of thought that the saudis are getting this massive benefit because it's really, really putting pressure on iran.
6:24 pm
iran needs oil to be trading at $140 a barrel. you can imagine iran's economy was already hurting now it's really getting hammered. >> they're going to allow themselves to hurt so their rivals hurt. >> but it's not that much pain for saudi arabia because they have $700 billion in cash to weather this storm. and don't forget they can produce oil more cheaply than anybody else. when it comes to price nobody can beat the saudis on price and they have this massive war chest. >> some analysts, in light of the king's death say that saudi arabia has lost some of its influence in washington because the u.s. is no longer as abandoned on saudi arabia's oil you mentioned fracking. >> you can easily argue that the given the security situation in the middle east, they more than make up for with the fact that
6:25 pm
they're a known commodity in the neighborhood that is rapidly destabilizing. of course, we have isil, iraq and syria. libya is a mess. yemen is a mess. we know what is going on in saudi arabia in terms that they're trying to put the succession in place. the message out of riyadh is that we have the succession in order. of course, saudi arabia is a blacks box and we don't know what is going on there but the mention is message is that we're stable. and you want a known commodity. >> thank you. the price of oil has been a big topic at the world's economic forum this week. the chief economist said that the huge drop in prices is only temporary. ali velshi shot down at the world economic forum in davsos switzerland.
6:26 pm
>> the forum woke up to the news of the death of the saudi king. when i asked a number of experts, they said this is just noise in the oil market azzur most of the small gyrations in the world of oil. most experts do see higher price of oil in 2015 and higher yet into 2016. one of those experts the chief economist at the international energy agency. >> expectation is second half of of 2015 we will see the start of an upward pressure on the prices for two reasons. one, in 2015 the investment in oil production will the cut. second lower oil prices mean lower gasoline prices, and this is awkward pressure on demand growth. >> he says that the consumers of the world will generally win as a result of the lower oil prices
6:27 pm
but countries like iran and venezuela are certainly the biggest losers. >> you can see more of the interview at the top of the hour on "real money with ali velshi." argentina's government suspect rogue agents killed prosecutor who was found shot dead in his apartment on sunday. he was investigating the 1994 jewish center bomb income buenos aires that killed 85 people. before his death he accused president christina kirchner. coming up, what critics say need to change. and the number of people who tried to bring guns on to planes last year.
6:28 pm
6:29 pm
6:30 pm
>> the new monarch of saudi arabia king salman promises continuity following his brother's death. the king died at the age of 90. he was laid to rest just a few hours ago. roxana saberi has more now. >> reporter: king abdullah made modest improvements in human rights. this year when there are municipal elections, it will be the first time that women will be able to vote. but some activists say that some restrictions remain and they call on the new leader to tackle human rights abuses. king abdullah built an university in his name. for the first time men and women can study side by side.
6:31 pm
the activists say that the kingdom is still stifling and harsh. women can't travel or mary without permission of a male guardian. and saudi arabia is the only country to ban women were driving. a ban that some women have challenged by climbing the heightened wheel. the time has come for women to take charge of everything aspect of their lives. being allowed out is the very least of which going from a to b is minimum human right. there are reported discrimination. just this month, a woman in mecca accused of murder beheaded with a sword. if all this video a blogger writes he's accused of.
6:32 pm
>> he made promises but didn't follow through. >> activists have condemned the nothing. so have the state department. many activists say the u.s. is afraid of letting human rights upset its relations with one of its strongest partners in the unstable middle east. >> not that our concerns have changed, but we're going to give them certainly a period of time before we engage in diplomatic discussions. >> in 2007 cable released by wikileaks provided insight into the stance king salman may take. he claimed for social reasons reforms cannot imposed by the saudi arabia government, or there will be negative reactions. instead, changes have to be introduced in a sensitive and timely matter. >> whoever is king has to operate within another constraints.those constraints but what we would be looking for is some leadership.
6:33 pm
>> two saudi women have been referred to a terrorism court. stephanie, activists say that thou no the u.s. is less dependent on saudi arabia for oil, it should be more willing to criticize it for human rights apewses. >> we'll get more into this now with the director of the center for democracy and human rights inside saudi arabia. joining us from the west coast today. thank you for being with us. king abdullah was known something of a reformer, at least by saudi arabian standards. is that how you would characterize him? >> i'm not really sure what by "u" is aer saudi arabian standards.
6:34 pm
what he did that none of his predecessors have done is humanize the royal family a little bit. for example he wore an oxygen tube to let him breathe which none of the royal family would have done because they always presented themselves super human. he also introduced reform this illusion of reform. >> why did you call it illusion of reform. was it not real reform? >> no, it's not.
6:35 pm
they have no jobs, there is no election and they're lost in the audience. there is nothing that has impact the processes or given them assignment jobs to do. so it was illusion. but the part of that is that the saudi arabian people themselves know that this ising is something that they had a chance to do. they know they could vote, and discuss the platforms and that psychologically speaking is very very helpful. >> is that enough? is that enough for the citizens of saudi arabia, or do they want more reform? >> no, no, the saudi people are just like all people, especially the younger generation, 60% to 70% of the saudi population is below the years of 50 years. they're disconnected from the tradition. they didn't see too much hope for them now. they compare themselves with all
6:36 pm
the young people all over the world, including the people including other states, and they find themselves on the short end of the stick. >> why haven't we seen changes in the kingdom? >> well, that's a good question. they tried to do that in 2011 but the time the people got up in the morning the roads were filled with tanks and the air with helicopters and soldiers were all over the place. the mosques were closed to them, so people could not even move from their quarters to demonstrate in the streets. it's an absolute police state. >> and an absolute monarchy. what do we know about king salman's view on reform compared to his predecessors.
6:37 pm
>> he's against--he has not even mention modernizing institutions. he is very--ex-an extremeist in his views. he said of himself and i have documentation on this, he thinks that wahadi islam is the true islam. he supports the islamic universities. >> so you would expect him to roll back the reforms? >> he has already started doing that. his son is defense minister and nephew crown prince second line up. he's going to solidify all the power under his wing of the family and that is going to
6:38 pm
roll things back. >> thank you for your insights. >> thank you. >> egypt's president says he wants the case against three al jazeera journalists resolved, in his words as soon as possible. president al sisi was asked about the interfere. >> which don't have any interest whatsoever to put any citizen under detention journalists or otherwise outside of the rule of law. but there is a point also i would like to highlight here, which is we are trying very hard after four years of turbulence to regain rule of law and uphold the independence of judiciary. >> our colleagues have been hyped bars in egypt for 391 days. mohamed fahmy, bader mohammed, and peter greste were falsely accused of colluding with the joy outlawed muslim brotherhood
6:39 pm
charge they continue to deny. al jazeera continues to demand their release. rebels say they're looking to expand their control over the eastern part of ukraine. charles starter stratford is in donetsk. >> the rebels at this checkpoint said that we could go no further. ukrainian military had retreated from this village only hours before we arrived. the rebels were in control there now. this is the village about 30 kilometers north of donetsk and up until yesterday it was occupied by the ukraine arm. pro russian rebels have taken over in the last 24 hours and all that remains here are the bunkers and their dead. the ukrainian military commitment, a few personal belongings scattered around the trenches they had dug.
6:40 pm
>> this is our motherland. we try to help them. >> this rebel shows us a video he says he hot of ukrainian soldiers they had taken as prisoners of war. >> i want to put this on the internet so their families know that they're still alive. >> he takes us to a house and shows us graffiti that was written by the ukrainian soldiers. it reads russian alcoholics get out. there are still a few people amid the destruction most are reluctant to talk. >> i don't support either side, this lady told me. i just want peace. >> rebels tell us that the ukrainian military retreated to three kilometers down this road. as we prepare to leave explosions could be heard in the distance. the rebels say they expect ukrainian forces to try and retake the village at any time. charles stratford al jazeera, eastern ukraine.
6:41 pm
>> the court said it will take on a cause of a controversial drug used in death row executions. the justices agreed friday whether to review the sedative is strong enough to kill without causing pain and suffering. lawyers for several inmates say that the drug is experimental, and it is not approved by the fda. last spring it took an inmate in oklahoma 43 minutes to die after being injected with the drug. talks between cuba and american diplomats wrapped up in cuba. they say the talks were productive but there are obstacles to overcome. >> reporter: as the delegation arrive there were high hopes. but after two days of negotiations no agreements were announced between the two countries on reestablishing diplomatic ties after 50 years. instead, cuba's record on human rights and freedom of expression was an issue of harsh contention. >> we do have differences in
6:42 pm
that subject profound differences two the cuban government and it was part of the conversation today. thank you very much. >> i think i can say that their response was that they had differences with us on that subject. >> the cuban government has long been criticized for restricting freedom of expression and jailing dissidents even though 50 were released earlier this month. at the conclusion it was top diplomat leading the talks shot back at the u.s. >> cuba reiterated what we said before that the united states government have a respectful dialogue to address our positions on human rights and democracy. cuba also has concerns about human rights in the united states. >> nothing concrete was announced on the opening of embassies, the long-standing embargo or cuba still being included on the u.s. list of state sponsors in terrorism all key issues.
6:43 pm
but foreign cuban diplomat to the me despite apparent lack of progress the talks were progressive, but the path ahead will not be easy. >> if the talks show anything, do they show this is going to be a long, difficult process or not? >> i don't think anybody had any doubts that this was going to be a long, difficult progress, but there is a political will on both sides to identify the problems and address them. >> at the end both sides said that this was a constructive first step even if there was little tangible to show for it. the announcement by abraham and raul castro last month about reestablishing dimming ties between the two countries was maybe the easy part. clearly more meetings are needed to now implement it with the disagreement over human rights being just another barrier to overcome. al jazeera havana. >> the first trial of ebola
6:44 pm
vaccines were september to west africa today. 300 vials were sent. officials expect to give them to people over the next two weeks. it's the vaccine's first field trial. liberia had more ebola infections than anywhere else, and the outbreak has reached a turning point now that fewer people are getting infected down from 300 a week to 8 a day. >> the tsa said a record number of people were stopped trying to bring guns on planes. the most popular excuse, most passengers forgot they packed their weapons. lisa stark has more. >> reporter: the transportation security administration snagged 2,212 firearms as they were screening passengers at check points last year. that is a little more than six firearms every day and it's a big jump from the year before, 22% higher than what they found
6:45 pm
in 2013. in fact, the tsa said that the number of guns confiscated at the check points has gone up every year since 2005. now, of the fire arms discovered, 83% were loaded although most of the people tell the tsa they simply forgot the guns were in their bags. they found the guns at more than 200 airports, by the way. the biggest offender were charges at dallas/fort worth 120 guns confiscated there. if a gun is found the airport police were called and they before interview the passenger to determine if the passenger should be arrested. funs are not the only thing that tsa has uncovered. they found a grenade an assault rival and 12 calgary gun hidden in a playstation 22. we should point out most
6:46 pm
passengers are not carrying things on that they shouldn't. the tsa screens more than 650 million people a year. that was the number last year, any way, and on most of the passengers have no criminal intent but it gives you pause to think about all those guns that could have gotten on airplanes, loaded guns on airplanes. stephanie? >> lisa stark, thank you. coming up, scientists are trying to figure out how tiny particles on the ocean surface can lead to huge storms. the techno team is in next to explain.
6:47 pm
6:48 pm
>> you techno met up with researchers who suspect small particles of ocean waves could be playing a big role.
6:49 pm
>> every 20 minutes they pump a large number of water out of ocean, and we have our own piece of it right here. >> we're in the hydraulic lab where they brought the ocean inside. as you can see this 44-meter loom mimics sea spray to better understand how the ocean influences our climate. >> we go out and measure the property of the waves there and the waves here. the 44-meter flume holds water pumped in from the pacific. a hydraulic paddle sends waves down the flume where they hit a board and crash. oceanographer studies the waves. >> the effect between the air and water and there is a lot of
6:50 pm
special chemistry that goes on there as well. >> since the ocean is 71% of the earth's surface sea spray is one of the major sources of salt that fill the globe. >> we have reproduced that natural process. >> we fill this tank with seawater. >> we're running current. >> katherine is a staff research associate at scripps. >> we're trying to generate bubbles, and we can get a few size out of that bubble jet. we collect the bubbles that come up to the surface. we sample them out of this tube here and in the open ocean we have a range of temperatures from the arctic to the antarctic, and if the temperature matters we're going to change the cloud-seeding properties, and that has an affect on our weather
6:51 pm
appearance. >> this will help deal with problems ranging from drought to severe storms. >> look at the results we learn here to do a better job of predicting weather on our planet. >> turning to us now is techno reporter. not a lot of conclusions i'm hearing. will scientists have a greater understanding of weather once they learn what is inside those tiny particles? >> the thing that really comes to mind when we talk about extreme weather is extreme prescription extreme rain, snow sleet hail, those types of events. the key factor there is this
6:52 pm
will inform us in what we think of extreme weather. >> how does climate change factor in to the study. >> if you think about it, clouds are a major--we know that clouds are a major factor in global climate appearance. association covers 70% of the earth surface and there are a lot of clouds formed from the ocean surface. clouds provide a cooling effect and also a warming affect. understanding these particles how they interact with the formation of clouds and the behavior of clouds is potentially a big unknown here in terms of what we know about the climate patterns. >> let's talk about what this could potentially lead to. do these researchers believe that this could prevent weather or help bring rain to drought-stricken places like
6:53 pm
california? >> yes preventing weather is a tall order. that's a pretty big deal. but the goal here is to provide data and information that will help us understand how we get rain how we get snow. to help us refine climate models and predictive models so we can better prepared, we can better predict for them, and down the road better make decisions that might impact things like water management down the road for drought or severe prescription events. >> all right thanks so much, and check out the rest of the report this weekend on "techknow" tomorrow night at 7:30 eastern 4:30 pacific right here on al jazeera america. >> the patriots did use under inflated balls last weekend. and then david shuster on "real
6:54 pm
money." >> coming up a grand new >> we look at what a new man at the thrown could mean to america. and energy prices worldwide. all that and more on real money.
6:55 pm
6:56 pm
>> india relies on coal for most of its power but that could soon change. >> he spent $1,500 setting up this solar you want but he said that it's worth it. >> you save $400 every year. that means you recover investment in four to five years. after that it's all profit.
6:57 pm
>> but you saw the long-term benefits and wases willing to make the investment, but not everyone is. electricity is still relatively cheap with nearly two-thirds of india's power needs being met by readily available coal. but advocates for solar power are convinced that the preference for coal-generated power will change. >> they may have higher footprint but it reduces in cost. >> the hope in several indian states is for fields of solar panels like this to be the more common site. the state already produces 900 mega watts. the government aim for solar energy to contribute 8% of india's solar energy by 2022. >> as the government and private sector invest to bring it into
6:58 pm
the main treatment, but there are challenges in developing this technology. including figuring out long-term affect effects. >> traditionally it requires a lot of land. critics worry that it will encroach on agriculture and eco-sensitive lands. >> i thinkbut environmentalist says interest is no such thing as wasted land in india. he recommends building smaller rooftop units for family homes and government buildings. >> it should be on existing land use, which means large solar base plant which will require a huge amount of land is not something that india can forward. >> but the government is trying to respond to criticism with this project solar plant being built over an existing canal. but right now there aren't many
6:59 pm
plants like it. still, experience suggests that no matter how small the power plant it pace to go pays to go solar. >> there is evidence that the new england patriots used under-inflateed football in their afc championship game. but the league said it's not clear how those football were deflated. they set no timetable for their investigation and the patriots have offered their full cooperation. some say that deflated football are easier for quarterbacks and receivers to grip. josh earnest taking a shot at tom brady. >> one thing that i can tell you is that for years it's been clear there was no risk that i was going to take tom brady's job as quarterback of the new england patriots. but i can tell you that as of today it's clear that there is no risk of him taking my job
7:00 pm
either. >> i don't know, you can never count tom brady out. i'm stephanie sy. real money is next with david shuster in for ali velshi today. thanks so much for watching. . >> a brand new king takes the throne in saudi arabia. we look at what that could mean in america and the price you pay for gas at the pump. ali velshi peeks with tony fernandez will leadership and recovery after tragedy. plus the blockbuster that makes a bet on inflation. i'm david shuster in for ali velshi and this is real money.