tv News Al Jazeera February 8, 2015 6:00am-6:31am EST
the final day of a security summit gets under way in munich. iran's nuclear deal topping the agenda from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, i'm darren jordan. also ahead - the u.s. is deeply disappointed in nigeria's decision to delay the presidential poll and issues a call for calm. all the details from leaked conversations involving egypt's president abdul fatah al-sisi. it's one of the toughest and coldest events in the world. we head to the yukon in canada where athletes are preparing for an ultra marathon
leaders, diplomats and security experts from around the world are in munich for the final day of a security summit. it's tehran's nuclear programme topping the agenda. iran's foreign minister and u.s. secretary of state held talks. the u.n. threatened new sanctions if a march 31st deadline is missed. sanctions are the problem it's been said. >> sanctions are a liability, you need to get rid of them if you want a solution and unless they come to the realisation that sanctions are a ribilityliability, we will not have a solution. that is the single most-important issue. we have good head way in resolving that let's bring in zeina khodr. she has been there for us.
there has been meetings with the secretary of state john kerry. what are we hearing about that? >> well neither side is revealing the details of the discussions. what we do know is that both times they met, the discussions were lengthy. they lasted about 90 minutes, from the work of the iranian foreign minister the sanctions and the way they are going to be is of prime concern to the iranian side. he said that in november 2013 interim agreement, there was no mention of a gradual easing of the sanctions which seems to be the positions favourite by the obama administration. he said that the end of the nuclear talk resolution of the talks should bring a total listing of the sanctions. he underlined that the sanctions are only hurting the iranian people and are hurting the
global economy. shortly after he spoke, the cer took -- secretary of state john kerry took to the podium and did not mention iran at all. as we speak now, john mccain is speaking and has mentioned iran at length and has said that iraq continued to be a main threat in the middle east and around the world, and was the main sponsor of terrorism. what we are facing at the moment is a deadline looming on march 31st. by deadline there should be a political solution to the nuclear issue. by june 30th there should be the technical points of that issue, should be resolved. there is pressure to find a solution as quick as possible. specially that you have the u.s. congress preparing a draft bill to add sanctions to iran.
there'll be other rounds of talks in the coming weeks. >> zeina khodr, this is a global security conference and i.s.i.l. is a big issue. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been talking about the plans to get them. let's hear what he has to say. >> as dash retreats to syria, we continue the fight and to put pressure on the bashar al-assad regime there's no place for a brutal dictator. the fight against violent extremists will not be decided on the battlefield. we have to remain deeply committed to this fight. those not yet committed need to commit to the fight. it is unrelenting. >> sounds there like john kerry wants more countries to join the coalition in the fight against i.s.i.l. >> well certainly that's the message coming out of here that
this is a global threat and needs to be countered in a global way, that all countries are not spared from the threat and give a long list of achievements. so far there has been 2,000 air strikes, about a fifth of the territory is under i.s.i.l. chrome that it was lost by the group. he said that some of the controls have been retaken. he did say that unless there is a global approach meaning it has to start in schools, there has to be economical and political reform then it will continue and persist, and maybe the group will change into an area in the past where it turned into i.s.i.l. where every leader goes to there. >> thank you, hoda.
>> well, jordan has been increasing air strikes against i.s.i.l. in recent days we are joined live from imam. we understand there's a briefing shortly. what is expected to be said? >> we are expecting a military briefing by the army in about an hour from now. the army said it would talk about the results and the outcomes of the air strike that jordan has been carrying out over areas, hitting i.s.i.l. targets in the countries. that decision by jordan to carry out its own air strikes on i.s.i.l. captured by i.s.i.l. was murdered and burnt alive. that sparked waves of outrage and anger. the jordanian army said that it truck several targets, including
facilities and training camps. and are expecting to get more details about the tarts at the briefing. on saturday the united arab emirates announced that it would send a group, a number of f-16 fighter jets to the military bases in jordan which stepped up its fight. the strikes as part of the international community against i.s.i.l. since taken captive. it's unclear whether the u.a.e.le air force will be using the f-16s in jordan to carry out air strikes or whether jordanian pilots use them. we expect more details from the briefing. the u.s. criticized nijia for postpone -- nigeria for postponing presidential and legislative elections.
secretary of state john kerry issued a statement: well the electoral commission in abuja says the polls will be healed six months later than planned. we have the latest. >> nigerians have been acting to the postponements of elections by a period of six weeks by the electoral positions. from supporters the reactions have been angry with them asking whether it is enough to deal with the insecurity. the entire state in the country. many people are wondering how would the military the nigerian military deal with boko haram, for a series of six weeks, to guarantee the elections,
something they say they would not we able to guarantee on 14 february, which is the date elections should have been held. there has been angry reactions from the congress to the president jonathan goodluck his continued rule of nigeria, and the party called the postponement provocative. >> india's prime minister could be facing his first defeat since coming to power last year. polls for the elections suggest a victory for the party. the vote is seen to test. and election results will be announced on tuesday. >> australia prime minister tony abbott brought forward a vote deciding whether he'll stay on as leader of the liberal party. abbott wants to bring the ballot forward, because it's important to end political uncertainty.
states and remarks about the qatari royal family referred to as half state. >> translation: tell them we need 10 to be deposited into the army's account. what did i say? >> translation: 10 in the army's account. >> translation: when i win the election we will invest ultimately from the united arab emirates and others from the coup. and small portions into the bank. into the account until 2014. [ laughs ] . >> translation: why are you laughing? their money is like rice. the recording was obtained and broadcast by a pro-muslim brotherhood station in turkey. the brotherhood was elected to power following the 2011 resolution. popular protest and the group
ordered it out an associate professor of middle east studies says the tape may create problems in egypt's relationship with other countries. >> egypt has for the last six months or so seen a series of tapes similar, alleging collusion between the ministry of defense, and the interior ministry. some misconduct trying to direct local television stations to cover general abdul fatah al-sisi's bid to be president favourably and that in itself is surprising. it will make some personal relations a little bit tense. there has been speculation already that with the new king of saudi arabia the relationship between egypt and saudi arabia may change. that being said. more important than the personal relations or what "disrupt north korea project" said about the gulf states. many states yim rates have an
interest in egypt not being democrat. >> and an interest in the muslim brotherhood not being in power. it's not about them liking general abdul fatah al-sisi, it's about the largest geostrategic interest and that has not changed turkey's foreign ministry says they need more help to stop the fighters going through the borders. bernard smith reports. >> reporter: at the border crossing turkish troops are trying to keep dozens of armed groups fighting in the syrian war. among them kurdish separatists, rebels from the free syrian army and the islamic state of iraq and levant. now, the military says i.s.i.l. is heading this way, after being pushed out of kobane 60km north of aleppo an i.s.i.l. target. >> if there's another outburst of refugees at the border.
do they turn them away. they can't put them in. in that sense we need support and help from the european union. >> reporter: but in the eagerness to see the fall of bashar al-assad's government turkey has been accused of ignoring the flow of foreign fighters pushing into syria to join i.s.i.l. turkey said it strengthened its once porous border. on the other side of the trench is syria. and we heard the sound of fighting in the distance. turkey became a giant buffer zone preventing the fallout from the war reaching from europe taking in the refugee. trying to stop foreign fighters getting through. there's a feeling in government that the europeans do not recognise the cost and effort involved in maintaining the buffer. >> reporter: turkey stepped up scrutiny of passengers arriving
from overseas. partly because of pressure from the e.u. and the u.s. partly because turkey recognises that there might be a threat. >> they should have acted quicker. we are talking about damaged limitation. there's a history in 2003. we have bombings here in yist receiver, from people who had gone and de-radicalized. turkish authorities would have learnt from that that these people do come back. the mistakes the policy of willful denial haunts you. >> incoming passengers that fits a profile like these four men are taken for questioning. turkey says it's deported more than 1,000 people with links to i.s.i.l. according to the institute for strategic dialogue there's more than 3,000 fighters fighting in
syria and iraq to yemen, where houthi rebels remain after a coup on friday announcing new leaders. in a rare appearance the houthi leader defended the takeover telling the followers that this was a revolution. houthis said the president - his decision to step down created a vacuum. a yemeni journalist joins us on skype from there. we are hearing that the envoy to yemen is back in the country and reviving peace talks with the political parties. who is he talking to? >> they are the political parties in the country. but again, he's been doing that for the last couple of years, and the reason why we read what you read today is because of the unsuccessful negotiations that have taken place. when he was here two weeks ago,
and involved in the negotiations which were a waste of time. the houthi officials i talked to say that it was serious, and the main reason why the houthis did what they did is because of the opposition it was omar's way of dealing with negotiation. so as it is right now, the houthis are calling people back to dialogue but under their terms, under the negotiation, under their policy they refuse to go back against no declaration, so the opposition parties which is the whole country will have no other option other than to deal with the houthis, and coming apart from the government. >> and the houthi leadership says it's not a coup it's a revolution as they describe it. what is the atmosphere like in the capital. what are they telling you?
>> the people know that the houthis are sidelining every party in the country. the polls are powerful. they are armed, and they are not the only arming in the country. they have people on the ground. if they are forced to resort to violence they'd do that. this would cows more tension. people are worried if violence takes place, we'll lose electricity, no food water. that's where the country will be chaotic. >> there in sanaa. thank you now, environmentalists are calling an oil spill near the galapagos islands a catastrophe. an ecuadorian vehicle ran aground spilling more than 5,000 litres of oil. it is famous for giant tortoises and rare birds.
a volcano in guatemala has spooun ash into the air. people living in areas 40km west of the capital have been told to love. we have this report. >> reporter: thick black ash rose 5,000 meters into the fair from the fire vol cano. it's been rumbling for a few weeks. the government told nearly 100 people to leave. it's at the border of three states. the national border increased its alert level saying people should take shelter and cover tanks. and asked people in areas where ash is falling, to wear masks or wet cloths over the faces so they do not breathe in the contaminated area. people say the ash mixed with
rain reducing visibility. it's possible to see the 3,700 meter volcano as it rumbles in al jazeera journalist baher mohamed and mohamed fadel fahmy have now spent 407 days behind bars. they along with our colleague were accused of reporting false news and supporting the outlawed muslim brotherhood. charges they and al jazeera deny. peter is back home in australia after being deported from egypt following 400 days in gaol. baher mohamed and mohamed fadel fahmy are still in prison. al jazeera demands their immediate release. at least six people have been killed after a bus was attacked in bangladesh. bombs were thrown at the vehicle crowded with people in the northern city. 30 people were injured. violent attacks have been increasing across the country after a transport blockade was called for by the opposition
leader. the opposition wants the prime minister kicked out and is calling for free and fair elections. and in haiti there has been street protests against the press of fulfil 6,000 people marched from the capital. saying a recent deal between the government and unions cut fuel cost. demonstrators call on the president to stand down they are angry at him for delaying long overdue elections a new report from china shows demand for import is slowing in the second-largest economy. in january exports fell and imports tumbled 19.9%. causing a trade surplus of 6 billion. new figures could cause a headache for the government. already under pressure to do more to revise the economy.
>> now heading to the capital. in search of a better life. it's feared change is damaging close-knit communities. in the second part of the series. >> reporter: for all her children's life, this woman has been a mother and father-figure. her husband stayed in france even after they married. they facebook and skype, but see him once a year. she does not want to educate her children in france so her family tips to love separate lives. >> translation: he wishes to find work here. if there's jobs and salary because our needs increase it would be better for all of us if he could come back. >> reporter: this will area has
a harsh dry climate. there's a lack of water and facilities and no tourism. immigration is nothing new. in the 19th century people moved to tunisia's coastal cities. they went to places like algeria. most of the people in this town ended up in france. new villas on the hilltop from built with money from abroad. this man has seen his town change. there's an influx of money. there's a growing rift in society. >> translation: tunisian authorities and people in our town must educate and give people a sense of the cultural heritage so people connect with the roots, otherwise why would people that go paris, the city of lights want to come back.
>> reporter: this association connects those here to france. those abroad used to send money to wives and children. tore the first time entire families are joining relatives overseas. >> translation: we are a group of associations. we hear alarm bells. a goal is to bring the problems and dangers to the surface. >> the town's population halved in the last 30 years. during the winter people wait for the relatives to return briefly in the summer. they say that this town is losing its people and spirit. they can only hope that one day it will come back to life now, later on sunday about 100 men and women begin a gruelling set of races on foot mountain bike and cross-country skis. across the territory in yukon,
canada. competitors in the arctic ultra marathon face temperatures as low as 40 degrees celsius, and the prospects of snow storms. it will take 10 days. they'll sleep out in the wet and wild and get hot meals at infrequent points. we have this report on white hours, on how europeans prepare for an extraordinary adventure. >> minus 20 degrees on a winter's afternoon, this couple are training. in the early 20s, they are fit and run marathons and triathlons they are on their honey moon here. >> we go together. holding hands and enjoying the romantic trail there. minus 40. snuggling up in a bag, in a
sleeping bag. >> i'm starting to be scared a little bit. but looking for it as well. nice experience. >> reporter: what is that your house? >> yes. >> reporter: the sleds carry food shelter and safety gear to help survive unimaginable screens of cold and endurance. the real enemy is within. >> i know if my head would let me down i could be fit. if you had let you down there's no way to keep going. >> as we head north, the wind is blowing in our space. >> shelley features the clinic for races in the cold. they discuss the fears and the burden of being alone at night. >> it's not your fitness that will take you out of the race it will be something else - you make a poor decision you get tired or let the demops in the
brown overreact. and people misjudge. >> it's a race yes, but safety is everything. organizers make sure people have the right equipment and put first timers through mandatory training. a final test outdoors before the race. first timers lighting stoves and pitching tents. all the things they spend the next week or more having to do with staying alive. they'll carry satellite devices. the key is to be self sufficient to they won't have to. >> for their safety and for us. we have a crew out there, and, you know i want to be able to say that the people out there can handle themselves and don't have to risk their lives rescuing somebody. >> this is what it comes down to surviving the long dark arctic whether on foot skis or mountain bikes, it's a cold
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