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tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 12, 2015 8:00am-9:01am EST

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only on al jazeera america. >> hello and welcome to the news hour from doha. these are our top stories: >> >> two al jazeera journalists jailed for 411 days have been released on bail as their retrial begins in cairo. >> a breakthrough on the ukraine crisis warring parties agree to a ceasefire after hours of tough negotiations in belarus.
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>> the korean air executive who flew into a rage over a pack of nuts is found guilty over a violation of air safety. >> greeks show support for their new government, but debt talks with the e.u. have failed so far. >> first and eception court released to al jazeera journalists on bail, mohamed fahmy and baher mohammed were detained 411 days in cairo. they're accused of colluding a the outlawed muslim brotherhood charges they and al jazeera deny. their clothing, australian peter greste was freed and deported february 1. he'd suspended 400 days behind bars. the trial will resume on february 23. victoria reports. >> al jazeera english's cairo
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bureau chief mohamed fahmy and baher mohammed were arrested december 29, 2013 always peter greste correspondent. originally it was believed to be temporary and based on bureaucratic problems with media accreditation. within days, egyptian's top prosecutor announced they were held on terror related charges alleging they were aiding the outlawed muslim brotherhood. the al jazeera network rejected the charges. so did the global media month. protestors around the world demonstrated in solidarity with the three men. when the trial finally began in february the three pleaded inning. the proceedings were ridiculed by legal experts around the world. evidence presented by the prosecution included footage from a different channel music found on the journalist lap tops and some of peter's work in africa. on june 23 the verdict guilty,
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mohammed and peter were sentenced to seven years bore mohamed a decade behind cars. six others were sentenced to 10 years in prison in absentia. criticism came from around the world. >> we've been clear publicly and privately that they should be released. >> yet the men had to wait several months before their case was reviewed. egypt's court found the trial failed to prove the men had a link to the muslim brotherhood or that a terrorist act even occurred. the court order add retrial. the three men had been jailed for more than a year. a new decree by president al sisi offered hope for two men. greste and australian, and fahmy were eligible to apply for deportation, not available to egyptian baher mohammed. diplomatic efforts continued and
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february 1, peter greste was freed on his 400th day in detention. met by his relieved family, greste's unconditional release was tinged with sadness and frustration. >> amidst all of this relief, i still feel a sense of concern a real sense of worry because if it's appropriate for me, right for me to be free, then its right for all of them to be free. >> peter's release raised expectation that is fahmy's freedom was imminent. as days dragged on, it became cheer that he would be in court their future once again in the hands of the egyptian judiciary. for now they're back at home with their families. baher mohammed is an egyptian and working as a producer in al jazeera's cairo bureau at the time of his arrest. he's 30 years old and started his career as a researcher and producer for the japanese
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channel. he's worked extensively in libya particularly during the revolution and missed the birth of his third child while in jail a baby boy. he was born in august, 2014. >> on to mohamed fahmy he's an award winning canadian egyptian journalist who was our bureau chief in cairo in 2013. he worked for the new york times for cnn and the national committee of the red cross. easy 40 years old and has he degrees from montreal's lasalle college and vancouver university. he's an accomplished author who has written a book about his time working as in a interpreter in iraq in a 2002. he's co written a book on the 2011 egyptian revolution. during his imprisonment in cairo, he became engaged to his girlfriend, and they hope to get married soon.
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>> mohamed fahmy's brother has been speaking to journalists after the court adjourn. >> everything was possible, but we wanted to keep ourselves not too excited and just expect -- wanted to expect the worst but we got something. >> we can also hear now from mohamed's fiancee who was also in court to hear the decision. >> i just want to say thank you egypt, thank you for doing the right thing. i would like to thank my country that i love for doing the right thing. i'm very happy. i'm very happy and time for me and mohamed to be relaxed. >> al jazeera released a
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statement. it says bail is a small step in the right direction and allows baher and mohamed to spend time with their families. >> an al jazeera correspondent joins me now she's -- you've reported extensively haven't you, from egypt and you've been intimately acquainted with this whole case. i suppose, of course, this is a definitely a step in the right direction. these guys are at least going to be able to come out of their hospital or their cell. >> it's a soft, you understand why the families are so jubilant and thinking this is an exceptional thing to happen and we're all very relieved it
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happened but we are looking at the fact that they are only bailed. they are still part of the retrial. they are still charged with the convictions which we were all actually convicted with back last summer, and we still have an uphill battle to get those convictions completely quashed in the retrial. >> it doesn't offer too much optimism to us, their colleagues come february 23, we could see this trial completely quashed. >> it does feel like egypt almost feels like at last they're willing to look at the fact that the charges were trumped-up charges and there was no evidence, so yes, it is only a small step, you're right but it does feel like the tide maybe has now turned. we in fact all the way along the last trial asked for bail for the guys every single step of the way and it wasn't even considered. now we have the first hearing of the first date of the retrial
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and they are already out on bail, so it really feels like that something has changed and possibly the fact that the appeal ruling came out in january, and was so damming on the first verdict and said that they shouldn't even have been arrested never mind about convicted. hopefully, that means that this is the way the retrial is going to move and that we are going to be seeing a quick process not weeks and weeks and weeks of sessions and that hopefully they will be acquitted. >> i don't know whether you've managed to speak to peter, of course peter our third journalist in jail released over a week ago. have you managed to speak to him and find out what he said feeling at this moment? >> yes he's extremely pleased to see the guys following in his path really, that they're now going to be out. we don't know how long that's going to take. i think he's also extremely relieved. in some respects as peter walked out, it must have been incredibly difficult for him. i think he said watched over the last week or so that he thought
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that mohamed fahmyed be deported to canada quickly after his own release. of course that stalled. it must be difficult from afar, watching his two guys in that cell -- i'm sorry in that cage in the courtroom not to be quite emotional bit but now at least he knows they're going to get outside of the prison, they're going to see their families baher's going to hold his six-month-old son and family is going to be with baher. >> i don't know if he'd been able to absorb the detail that the cage has actually been refitted refurbished is now a thick sheet of glass so that baher could barely be seen. >> well, there are lots of times during the last trial that we were manage to go hear what the guys were saying and feeling in that cage, because when there was sort of break within the
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proceedings, they could shout out and obviously that was all getting reported. egypt's not used to having the world watching that's going in its courtroom. it's not used to long trials, to be honest. some of the muslim brotherhood reporters have been given their verdicts within 14 minutes. it doesn't like having what i suppose you could call its dirty linen washed in public. that's seem now that they've sound prove that had cage so anything they were reacting to in that cage we couldn't hear today. >> thank you very much. now we can talk to jeffery robinson a former u.n. appeals judge joining us live from london. thanks so talking to us again. you've followed this process right from the start. how much cause for optimism would you say this granting of bail actually is? >> well, this bail should have been granted 401 days ago. that's the bottom line.
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peter greste has been released, deported and let's hope that mr. fahmy in the next week or so between the next hearing an february 23 follows him. there's no logical difference between the two men the evidence or non-evidence against them is the same. they've both got seven years. mr. fahmy has now shed his egyptian citizenship so he's a full blooded canadian and as mr. greste is full blooded australian so there is absolutely no difference to i hope the decent and logical thing will be done in the next week and mr. fahmy on his why to his home in canada. today's proceedings do, for all the happiness i imagine that the families have that they are out on bail, mr. fahmy has to post $33,000, but that won't be difficult, i'm sure, for all that happiness we still face a
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cat and mouse game being played by the egyptian authorities successfully because they have suppressed any reporting of the opposition to presidency see's authoritarian rule, and that was the whole object of this frame-up of innocent journalists going about doing their job what the egyptian government has succeeded in doing is closing down a brotherhood friendly station in qatar and they have killed the reporting of any kind of opposition to authoritarian rule and that means that this on going farce is not funny at the end of the day because it is a chilling factor on responsible journalism. >> and on february 23, of course these two of our
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colleagues have to go back into the courtroom. they have to face egyptian justice yet again. what do you think they should they should be expecting? >> let us hope by that time, it's the al jazeera one and only mr. mohamed, who is egyptian, will be left. let's hope that they do the right thing and deport mr. fahmy. whether it's one or two the fact remains that this is a lower court with lousy judges who have in front of them the decision the written decision with reasons given by the egyptian court of appeal earlier this week that scrubbed out the convictions, threw it out and said that there was no evidence that these men were engaged in terrorism, the prosecution had brought no evidence that they were in any way complicit with
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the banned muslim brotherhood. there is as decision by a higher court, which ruled on the case that was brought against them and said there was simply no evidence so one would hope that by the 23, either the prosecution, which of course represents the government, owns up to the fact and withdraws the charge against the al jazeera one or al jazeera two, whatever it is on the 23rd and or at least that the lower court close it out. otherwise, we continue with this cat and mouse game that the egyptian authorities are playing with the journalists. >> jeffery robinson, thank you very much indeed for talking to us here at al jazeera live from london. >> now we're also going to be looking at other news in the program, including al-qaeda fighters who stormed two army
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brigades in southern yemen and we take a dive on a coral reef, and find out why it's under threat approximate in sport tiger woods said he's taking a break from golf in definitely. we'll have the story coming up in just a little while. bullpen. >> now a ceasefire's been announced from eastern ukraine after talks in the minsk if that the ceasefire is due to start in three days from now and heavy weapons to be withdrawn. >> we call upon both sides to hold the peace and two avoid unnecessary casualties and do everything for withdrawal of troops and heavy weapons will be conducted without unnecessary
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bloodshed. >> despite this deal, ukraine and russia are continue to go disagree on how to end the fighting around the eastern railway hub of debaltseve. the two sides also differ on the question of outname for eastern ukraine. >> we didn't agree about autonomy. we didn't agree on federalization. >> let's hear now from the french president hollande who said the deal wasn't perfect but was a stepping stone to peace in europe. >> even though we haven't accomplished everything, this represents serious hope for ukraine. it is also a big relief for europe and a good example of what germany and france condition do for peace. >> we can go live now to our
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correspondent covering those talks in minsk rory challands. rory, we can hear from him who's already filed his report. >> first of all the most important thing a ceasefire. that is supposed to take place on sunday, the 15th of february. we understand that there will be a pullback of heavy artillery that will begin two days after the ceasefire and should be completed within 14 days. all foreign military are to be removed from ukraine says petro poroshenko, of course by that, he means russian troops. we also understand that there is going to be the freeing of hostages. now, alongside that, the ukrainians are saying there's an agreement reached for the release of a ukraine pilot who is currently appearing in a russian courtroom accused of the
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deaths of journalists. we understand that the separatists, the separatists of the self pro claimed donetsk republic have signed this along with the contact group representatives which involves the osce and russian ambassador and various other european representatives, and also, there are going to be regular meetings of the four leaders who have been meeting here in minsk to make sure that all of these things are properly implemented. >> the ukraine president petro poroshenko is moving on to brussels. he's going to brief european leaders on this latest ceasefire deal. there's a summit taking place. that is due to begin within the next hour or so. our correspondent mcgregor wood is there for us. some arrived rather late, given that they've been up all night
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in minsk. >> that's right. three of the four minsk participants are due to arrive in the next little while. i think francois hollande has arrived and petro poroshenko and other e.u. leaders here have delayed the start simply because of the all-night marathon talks in minsk and they will be keen to hear it firsthand in brussels around the table here, a firsthand account of what exactly happened and some of the details of the agreement that was signed in minsk. i think there will be some relief that the european leaders here will not have to talk about the possibility of increasing sanctions on russia today. that was one option if the machine ask talks had not worked. i think we also detect here a great desire to understand more about the details and why this minsk agreement should work out any better than the old minsk agreement, which didn't work out at all.
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>> ok. we'll wait and see then, simon mcgreg wore wood there live in brussels as europeans take on that debate about the situation in ukraine. we can go to charles stratford our correspondent in the eastern part of ukraine in donetsk. i'm just wondering first charles, whether news of the ceasefire due to kick in in about three days, whether that is true to donetsk and what kind of reaction there might have been. >> well, there's already been some reaction from the respective leaders of the self-proclaimed donetsk and luhansk people's republics. i'll read out what's been said. we cannot deny ukraine the chance the constitutional changes, referring to potential greater autonomy for these regions. however, he did say we know the victory will be ours by political or military means.
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there was also a statement that has been given by the leader here in donetsk who said that all responsibility for breaking down or non-compliance with these agreements would be on ukrainian president petro poroshenko and said all points need further considerations and all talks continue. as we've been highlighting, this ceasefire is not due to start until 00 ours on the 15th. there's been an incredible intensity of fighting in recent weeks and some of these points are sticky, the withdrawal of heavy weapons, for example the rebels -- sorry the separatists seem reluctant to withdraw from original lines because of the amount of land that they had taken subsequent to the september -- failure of the september agreement. they apparently be going to be withdrawing that from that line
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and the military from the front of that line. this is some of the sort of problems that this ceasefire effort could face in the next few days. >> given that there has been an upturn in the amount of violence and lives lost indeed, presumably therefore opinions and positions are becoming ever more entrenched. >> positions and opinions are becoming entrenched indeed. no one can deny here, most people not all people that we speak to, they want some sort of peace. the shelling has been intense for weeks now. to give you an update on the last 24 hours, we were at a hospital early this morning here in donetsk. there were three shells that hit that hospital. one person had been killed. we know both sides have suffered indiscriminate shelling but that was an example of some of that
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shelling here. we went down to a front line south of donetsk today there was shelling we could hear in the distance there. speaking to a rebel commander down there, he said that they would not necessarily be -- they would be prepared to lay down their weapons but would wait for orders. it's important to know that some of the separatists over the last couple of months seem to be a lot more disciplined. there's a far greater command structure amongst them. we've also heard reports of a lot of shelling, certainly up until three hours ago in luhansk and then there's the on going battle for debaltseve, the very important strategic town that the military hold that the separatists say they've surrounded. while these talks go on and not due to start for a good 24 hours yet, the fighting continues. >> charles stratford in donetsk thank you for bringing us right up to date with events on the ground. >> in south korea a former airline executive has been jailed for a year all over a bag
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of nuts. she was found guilty of obstructing aviation safety. she'd force add korean air jet to return to the terminal and off load the steward because she didn't like the way he'd served her. we have more from the south korean apartment roll. >> in custody, she was at least spared the gauntlet of cameras at the western district court. she was brought by bus from jail to the back entrance. it wouldn't be long before she'd make the return journey as a convicted criminal. it's an incredible fall from her position as vice president at korean air just one arm of the giant family firm, putting her among south korea's elite. her lawyer said no decision had been made on whether to appeal after his client was found guilty of breaking aviation law by changing the flight path of a plane and interfering in the pilot and cabin crew's execution of their duty. on this plane on a new york
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runway she reacted with volcanic furry to being served nuts in a bag and not on a plate. she ordered the head flight attendant from the aircraft, forcing the fight to return to the gate. she forced them to kneel before her. she was sentenced to eight months for impeding the investigation, a transport ministry involved in the investigation was given a suspended sentence. it was for her the judge reserved his harshest language saying her expressions of regret were insincere and that she trampled on the rewards of fellow human beings. >> the fact that she only got one year for abusing power is just another instance of how much privilege these powerful people have. >> the court might have thought the sentence was appropriate but from an ordinary citizen's perspective, it is more.
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>> people make mistakes. i don't think this should have been viewed as an issue of the powerful versus the rest. >> as she erupted in indignant anger two months ago, she could hardly imagine it would lead to a one year prison material. she's come to symbolize the sense of impunity for families that have been getting away with this kind of behavior for too long. >> time for us to look at weather. what you are looking at today? >> we've had really stormy weather across the southwest and pretty horrible across parts of northern areas of africa, and in fact across a good part of athens pushing across into the levant countries. you can see the fair amount of snow here, the accumulation swirling away across that southeastern corner, a little area of low pressure very much in evidence here, has brought nasty conditions in. this, you believe was athens not
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too long ago. you see wet snow coming in here. pretty unpleadsant. i'm hopeful things will slowly but surely start to him proof as our snow why weather makes its way eastwards. you can see the snow making its way across the mountains snow for syria lebanon jordan, dry weather in behind. athens has been struggling to get up over four oh five degrees recently. nine degrees celsius through friday. much of central europe looks dry. here it's looking wet and windy. that's all going to continue making this east as we go through saturday. so some wet weather and into western parts but turning a little drier and warmer for athens. >> still to come, outrage after three muslim students were gunned down by a neighbor in the united states. the families of the victims call
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it a hate crime. >> in sport whether captain will be fit for the cup against england.
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>> another ceasefire's been announced for ukraine due to go into effect february 15. leaders from russia, ukraine france and germany have been holding talks in minsk. >> the fighting continues in east issue ukraine the sound of artillery fire can be heard in
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the separatist stronghold of donetsk. an egyptian court released two al jazeera journalists on bail. mohamed fahmy and baher mohammed has been detained 411 days in key re accused of colluding with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. their trial resumes february 23. >> on this particular issue, of course our journalists reds on bail today, we can talk more about it with an assistant professor of political science at long island university in the united states and she's also a member of the egyptian rule of law association. thank you very much indeed for talking to us here at al jazeera. first of all this particular moment in the case of the al jazeera journalists has been described perhaps as the egyptian state blinking first. is that how you see it?
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>> this case is far from over. they will be put back in court on february 23 and retried. if we think about the larger picture, the initial court statement that was issued on january 1 said that the cairo criminal court didn't meet its burden of proof proving that these three journalists were colluding with the muslim brotherhood, giving them assistance and disseminating false information. the courts also said that the cairo criminal court failed to investigate the fact that these three journalists were giving testimony under duress and finally, they said that the court can be cairo criminal court was very haiti in releasing its verdict and so there needs to abretrial because the initial legal parameters were not necessarily met. quite a while they are going to be released, mom familiar on
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bail and baher mohammed on his own recognizance, this isn't over. when they face retrial starting in about a week and a half, it's not clear that the egyptian court has actually had time to gather new evidence to meet the bare minimum requirements of actually trying these three journalists on what are extremely significant allegations. >> do you get a sense i might be fishing for good news, that there is an a amealorrization in the climate the court appearances today relatives were allowed into the court whereby they hasn't earlier and seemingly a more lenient environment at the moment. >> well, the relatives were
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allowed in today where they haven't been allowed necessarily in in the past. in the past, even the defense counsel was not really allowed in to hear evidence. i think this points to a larger problem in egypt, whether or not the judiciary is indeed independent or highly politicized. there's been a lot of international pressure not just from the campaign to release the journalists, but for many international organizations who have called this a sham trial. the egyptian government might be responding by actually pushing the court into a certain direction on how to rule. this leads us to wonder how independent is the egyptian judiciary, when the president can appoint the head of the court of causation when the president can appoint the head of the cairo criminal court can appoint the head of the appeals court and the chief prosecutor. so what we're seeing is the judiciary is in fact a de facto arm of the executive and that's why this case has been highly politicized.
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the fact that a such significant charges could be retried so quickly, it's not clear that this is going to be less politicized in the coming months. we thought that mohamed fahmy was going to be released last week after he renounced his egyptian citizenship. the fact that he was not deported to canada and is going to -- not allowed to leave basically until february 23 where he has to reappear in court means that the likelihood that he would be deported to canada mid trial is very slim. i hate to be more pessimistic but the fact that the case has continued to be politicized leaves this really out of the hands of the judiciary. >> all right. thank you very much, indeed for sharing your thoughts with us. >> well, as i mentioned earlier the wives and other relatives have been allowed into the court for the first time in many cases
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and baher mohammed's wife is one of them and she's been speaking to us. >> i'm really happy. it's a dream that's come true. we've been waiting for this moment for more than a year now. i can't wait to tell our kids and get them ready to meet their dad. i'm hoping that the official procedures are swept and easy so we can be reunite quickly. we shall carry on until all the charges are dropped. >> news is reaching more people than ever thanks really to the internet and social media but the latest press freedom report shows that journalists on the ground are worse off in two thirds of the world compared to the previous year. reporters without borders surveyed a 180 countries for its report, and these are the top five suppressed freedom no surprise really, all in northern europe, the bottom five the worst place for press
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freedom are china syria turk men stan, north korea and aritraia. egypt is also ranked low down at 158. that's just one place up from last year. a number of countries have become significantly worse since last year, the united states, russia and turkey, they've all dropped to lower places, venezuela, that's gone down, too, gone down 20 places and libya's gone down 17 places. >> lucy, program director at reporters without borders has more details. >> we've seen dangers targeting journalists we by ongoing conflicts, trying a wage a war on information and we're again taking collateral damage. we're seeing blasphemy as a way
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for political control plus also seeing journalists being taken into court in the crossfire in demonstration. whether it's happening in venezuela, brazil, greece, and many others, which prevents people from being properly informed of important social movements. >> another major story today is the greek proposal to revise its debt terms. it didn't make much headway with european creditors. the greeks held out hope there could be some movement, european ministers warrant not enough progress is being made. >> it was my ambition to agree on the steps to take next couple of days so we could spend them well and make more progress between now and monday.
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unfortunately, we've not been able to do that. we will continue our talks on monday and move on from there. >> our proposal is very simple, no unilateral moves no aggressive moves on our part. we are simply asking for some time to take those propose also here and be given a chance to agree with our progress, the fact that we have a freshman date doesn't give us the right to do whatever we want, but does give us a right to be heard. >> already let's go live now to athens, the great capitol and talk to barnaby phillips, our correspondent. however is the freak government prepared to give on its demand for a bridging loan is essentially what they're asking its creditors for.
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>> you remember during the election campaign, the greek government to be seriously then the opposition talking about the need for debt to be written off canceled and they were still talking about like that the first few days in power. they've modified on that and talking about debt instead being repaid in bonds linked to greek economic growth, prolonging the repayment process. there is some flexibility but in broad terms when the greek government says no more austerity and when the greek government says an end to the hated member random, that is the bailout agreement that greece has been under since 2012, well, they're serious and they're sticking to their guns on that. that is the basis on which they were elected and i think they surprised quite a few other governments in europe and financial institutions with their determination to stick to their core principles for better
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or for worse over the past two and a half weeks. >> and they are determined and equally so are the euro zone countries, the countries many of whom are meeting now in brussels, they're as determined, aren't they, not to let grease off the hook, not even really to reschedule but they -- it does seem as though they are prepared to give a little, just give a little to the new greek government. >> well, it's difficult to generalize about governments across europe and they are varying degrees of sympathy for greece but crucially there hasn't been much flexibility from germany the most important creditor of all. but at the same time, there is the potential for common ground, there is a mutually shared appreciation that greece being kicked out of the euro zone would be disastrous for greece, it would be disastrous perhaps
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for the wider euro zone, very, very damaging for the european union, and even it would have ram if i cases in a duel political sense that go beyond the e.u. itself. you've seen president obama telling angela merkel, asking her in so many words suggest to go her, that it would be very useful if germany and greece were to come to some sort of agreement. there's an awful lot at stake internationally, two sides do seem to be some distance apart and yet the reasons to remain optimistic are that they do have a shared interest in ultimately finding a compromise, but it does look as if it's going to the wire. >> all right. thank you very much, barnaby phillips. we'll revisit this of course on monday won't we? thank you very much. >> candle lit vigils have been held for three muslim students
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in the united states, their neighbor charged with their murder. there's a dispute over whether the killings were a hate crime. we have more now from north carolina. >> as church bells range out thousands gathered to remember the lives of three young and gifted students. the campus at the university of north carolina chapel hill has never witnessed scenes like this before but the loss of the three has shocked this community. living in this apartment close to campus, they were only married a few weeks ago. the couple's teenage sister along with the couple were shot and killed. >> we ask that you celebrate the members of our family members. we are still in a state of shock and will never be able to make sense of this horrendous tragedy. we appreciate your concerns in the outpouring of love and
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support. >> a neighbor, 46-year-old craig steven hicks has now been charged with three counts of first degree murder. police believe the long running argument over parking may be why hicks allegedly shot and killed the three students. their families say it was an act of i had red based on their children's religion. >> a hate crime from a neighbor, our children spoke about they were uncomfortable with. he came to their apartment more than once, condescending threatening, and did he say spicing and talking down to them. >> i'm a general student at u.n.c. and i need your help. >> all three students were heavily involved in charity work. their deaths have sparked wide debate on social media with many calling for their kill are to be charged with a hate crime. on campus, those are all faiths were determined to show unity.
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>> it's incredible how many people obviously care and want to do something. >> i just wanted to show up, show that, you know, we cared and wanted to come together as a community. i'm from chapel hill, so this really kind of hit home. >> whatever happens in this investigation is now out of most people's hands but what this community has done is show incredible solidarity, and come together to mark, mourn and remember the loss of three young lives. >> andy gallagher, al jazeera chapel hill, north carolina. >> still to come here at al jazeera, the coral reefs of indonesia are in danger. find out why. >> in sport find out if manchester city managed to close the gap on chelsea at the top of the english premier league.
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>> water which is too warm is threatening coral reefs suffering from bleaching instead of being their normal myriad of colors are turning white. we have seen how one of the world's most important coral reefs is facing destruction in indonesia. >> for decades this incredible underwater landscape has been the focus of study for martin. a marine scientist and conservationer he works to protect this diverse region. it's home to 75% of the world's coral species thee thousand different kinds of fish and a host of other unique marine life.
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>> it is the home for fish, feeding ground for fish. coral reef is like shelter in the desert. >> the climate change is warming the ocean causing mass cases of coral bleach be and die out around the globe. he will nino this year will further warm the waters, bringing it closer to distinction. >> if it disappear then fish also will disappear. >> there are other threats to the coral. a diver operator has been battling a mine that has set up shop nearby opinion protests last year turned violent with rocks being thrown. the mine is protected by local officials. >> authorities we're told have been very aggressive in keeping divers away from their operation. we're going to dive in here, swim over as close as we can get to the jetty underwater. >> the visibility is so poor,
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it's all we can do to stay together. when we find the reef, it's covered in layers of thick silt. even the visible patches are choking. after only a few minutes we surface. >> how is the coral here before? >> it was really beautiful healthy, lots of colors, lots of fish and now, it is nothing. >> not all is lost. while researches found that climate change isn't having as big of an impact on coral here, because the reefs lie closer to deeper colder water. to protect them from human destruction, community teams have been formed to guard the reefs. >> if we do something if we protect this coral reef, the coral will be still access, people still can eat for tomorrow and in the future. >> with the way currents carry
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coral throughout the oceans, he believes preserving this underwater paradise can ultimately save reefs worldwide. al jazeera in the coral triangle. >> now for more on this and lovely pictures, you can see the program on 101 east, the last reef on earth. >> time for sport now. >> tiger woods doesn't plan to return to golf until he is tournament ready. the 14 times major champion who had back surgery last year with draw from last week's open at torrey pines. he posted the worst score of his professional career at the phoenix open last month. wood has not won a major since the 2008 u.s. open. >> let's get more on this from our sports correspondent lee we willings live from london. we've seen tiger take falls
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before but he always manages to bounce back. do you think he'll do the same this time? >> well, tiger woods is animate that this is a short term thing. he wants to go away and practice. he doesn't want to be exposed on the golf course until he gets his game right but really, how quickly can tiger woods come back. he says he can be back by the end of february, but will he be competing anywhere near the level he wants to be never mind the level in which he dominated golf for many years. this is a man that has won 14 majors looked like a phenomenon called a genius, won over 100 golf to your knowledgements. the struggles he's had pareticological, i think but also the physical struggles he's had, whether with his back that has caused the most problem over the last 12 months to a couple of years is elbow. he had a problem with his leg that he did manage to battle back from and win a 40 in 2008, a major then. it's going to be a very
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difficult fart for tiger woods to get back. he finished 132 out of 132 in phoenix. he doesn't want that happening again. >> this isn't just a problem for tiger woods it's a problem for the entire sport of golf, isn't it? >> it is. it's a really big problem for golf and its sponsors and the television companies because there is as difference between very very good golfers pick a name and tyler woods. this is a superstar. he transcends the game. when he first emerged nobody has seen anything like it before and he was declared the greatest in history. that's quite a claim but that's what tiger woods was performing, and it brings in money. it brings in viewers to watch the biggest golf tournaments. golf has had to learn to cope without tiger woods over the past few years looks like they'll have to continue to do so. >> get to talk to you reporting
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live from london. >> cricket and australia captain michael clark is ruled out of the world cup opener against england saturday. he opened the batting in a warm up march against unit arab emirates wednesday. he is still recovering from hamstring surgery and the coach said while the captain wants to play he won't risk him. >> no, he's not playing so there you go. how's that? now pulled up and happy with his progress. he'll play against bangladesh. >> the opening ceremonies for the world cup took place in melbourne and christchurch. christchurch will host the opening match on saturday, while melbourne will be the venue for the final marsh 29.
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>> robbed this city of a chance to be part of the rugby world cup, so it's only fit that go this the cricket world cup would have its official opening and first match here in christchurch, and i know that's the official way of showing the world that crisis church is back in business! >> chelsea ever held on to their 7 point lead at the top of the english premier league. a last minute goal give them a 1-0 win. with my's effort coming moments after he was sent off. 4-1 winners away at stoke. >> every time i won a big title i had a couple of matches where we won in less minutes.
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was the first time this season, a very difficult match. a different element and that's a different element is a compliment not a critic. >> for more, check out back to you. >> thank you very much indeed. let's go to spain. it has one of the highest rates of organ donations in the world. as part of our special series on this issue we look at spain's model, which has been coveted in other parts of europe and latin america. >> when the telephone rings here it really can make the difference between life and death. >> now we have a donor and we have a liver emergency in one part of spain. >> people with organ failure in spain have a realistic chance of eventually getting the life saving surgery they need. when a family decided the
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medical staff to call through to here where the process of match ago donor with a potential recipient really begins. >> spain is a world leader in organ donation. few people carry donor cards here. the key to spain's success are on call transplant bank coordinators. it's their skill to identity potential donors which has turned around donation rates. doctors are trained to sensitively steer families towards donation if they're faced with the most difficult decision about a loved one. who may have been declared brain dead. this doctor devised the program. >> the most important is this critical moment, when a person is dying, but the heart is still beating, it's very complicated to explain to the family that this person is really dead, so
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to have the adequate person in the adequate place at the adequate moment is practically the main reason which makes the family say yes or the family say no. >> that moment can make all the difference. julio has had three kidney transplants. the first two from anonymous donors the last from his sister. >> it's very important for society to know what it means to be able to donate an or gone. it can save a life. it allowed me to grow up from a child to adult, to go to university have a family and to have a plan. >> for him the future looks bright offering hope to others who may also be pulled back from the brink by the kindness of strangers. emma heywood, al jazeera in madrid. >> we've got more to come here at al jazeera. i'll have another full bulletin of news coming up in just a minute or two so don't go away.
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all next week part of our special black history month coverage on al jazeera america
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>> two al jazeera journalists jailed for 411 days have been granted bail as their retrial begins in cairo. >> hello welcome to the world news at al jazeera. a breakthrough on the ukraine crisis a ceasefire after hours of tough negotiations in belarus. >> the korean air executive who flew into a rage over a packet of nuts has been found guilty of violating aviation