militias in libya say they are sending forces to battle isil allied groups. ♪ hello from al jazeera's headquarters in doha. i'm jane dutton. also ahead, ukraine's ceasefire is marred by fighting. pro-russian separatists claim to have captured the town of debaltseve. thousands of afghan refugees have been living in pakistan for decades are now being deported. and we look at some of the most simple yet innovative inventions that could change the future of healthcare. ♪
in libya, people are marking four years since the uprising that overthrow moammar gadhafi, but this year's anniversary is being overshadowed by a growing crisis following the egyptian air strikes. caroline malone has the latest on developments in libya. >> reporter: people in tripoli celebrate as they remember the start of an uprising four years ago that helped push gadhafi out of power. but many are also angry at the egyptians from air strikes. militia militiamen say they are heading to a city. the militia want to tackle isil affiliated groups there themselves and are against the
intervention that killed civilians on monday when egypt struck training bases and weapons storage areas. >> translator: we strongly condom the egyptian aggression on the city of duma and consider it to be a violation of our libyan sovereignty. we also condemn the terrorist attack that targeted a number of egyptian nationals in libya. >> reporter: libia's political leadership is fractured. egypt is calling for a u.n. resolution to intervene in libya. it's not just egypt that is concerned about unravelling security. the european union is planning to hold talks with the united states and egypt on how to deal with groups linked to
isil. >> it is clear that it is a complex situation. so far it has been so mainly for the migration routes. now obviously there is another dimension that should push all of the sides inside libya to realize that daesh is a threat to the entire country, so all of the libyans and that would require a joint action to face the threats. >> reporter: france and italy are also campaigning for a coordinating an international response. warning if left uncheck, isil could be at europe's doorstep. egypt's foreign minister is in new york at the u.n. lobbying for support to take on isil. let's go to james bayes at the u.n. talk us through the case for intervention james. >> reporter: well the case is
being made very forcefully by the egyptians, but as you have heard in caroline's report everything in libya is so complicated in a country where there is so much disorder and to rival governments, but the egyptian case needs to be a coalition that is going to take on isil. it wants u.n. backing for the coalition. that's why the egyptian foreign minister is here in new york. he's having a series of key meetings. he is meeting members of the security council including we know members of the permanent five the ones that have the real power in the security council, and the potential to veto things you particularly have to look at the russians which are somewhat nervous about any international intervention in libya. he is meeting with the secretary general in about five hours from now, and immediately after that meeting, we'll go to a meeting of the arab group of ambassadors
to try to get their support for the egyptian plan and then in just over 24 hours time the next phase is to take that plan to the security council. we understand that egypt has been working very hard on this. it has come up with a draft of some sort of resolution. diplomats are telling me there's no way when that meeting takes place in just 24 hours there will be a vote this is very much the starting point. but things are moving very fast. one of the reasons for that is the egyptian foreign minister and some other leading figures from the arab world happened already to be in the united states because there is on wednesday and thursday and big summit on isil taking place in the white house. >> if they decide to stick with egypt's plan for some sort of coalition force, any idea what it could look like? >> no. that's not clear. and what is the scope of the action? is it simply to deal with isil?
or it is to try to deal with the wider problems of libya? i think if they do try to intervene in the wider problems where you have these two rival governments there will be some objections to that. on the whole you find that russia and the chinese are opposed to the idea of international intervention and they will need some real convincing. worth bearing in mind one key player is the country that is the current president of the security council. this month it is china. >> james bayes thank you. reports of a blast in nigeria's northern town. police say a suicide bomber blew himself up in a restaurant killing three people and wounding 13. it follows several explosions at an opposition rally in the south of the country. it happened at an all progressives congress party.
>> reporter: according to eyewitnesss we spoke to these explosions hand just by the end transof the venue where the opposition party, the all progressives congress was holding a rally. and when the explosions went off there was pandemonium, and there was a mini samptampede. it is not clear whether anyone was actually killed by the force of the explosions. this happens where the wife of president goodluck jonathan comes from. it has been under her husband's control, and some supporters were chased away by villagers who didn't want to see the opposition complaining in this area. we have seen preelection violence already. at least 58 people have already been killed in preelection violence. elections are due to take place
in about six weeks from now, and the human rights council of nigeria is concerned that we could see more incidents like this in the run up to the polls. as many as 20 people are feared dead after an attack in borno state. it was being manned by joint task force sponsored civil fighters. two members of the boko haram group set off at least two explosions at the post. many of the injured have been taken to a hospital in the town. there are conflicting reports out of eastern ukraine. ukraine's defense ministry say pro-russian separatists are fighting to take control of debaltseve. earlier the separatists claimed they were in control of the strategic transportation hub, and they had a large group of ukrainian soldiers trapped. paul brennan has more from donetsk. >> reporter: debaltseve because
journalists and even the international monitor are being prevented from going in there. but the fact that the defense ministry in kiev [ inaudible ] separatists fighters have begun moving into town and [ inaudible ] street by street combat. i think it mean there is a new phase of the battle for that strategically important town. previously the separatists have been content to land artillery shells on the ukrainian soldiers inside that town. now they appear to be very keen to try to roust the soldiers who are dug in there, and reclaim the town as a separatists town. it is crucial because unless the guns fall silent then the other aspects of the minsk peace agreement, such as the withdrawal of heavy weapons back out of range, that can't happen.
there just isn't the trust between the two opposing fighting companies -- fighting sides. stay with us here on al jazeera. still to come how traders in senegal is looking forward to getting back to work as ebola loosens it grip on neighboring countries. we take a look at the inexpensive technology that is reshaping of lives of almost everyone on the planet. ♪
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libyan militias allied to the legally restored tripoli government say they are heading to the city to tackle isil affiliated groups head on. the move comes a day after egypt launched air strikes on libyan soil targeting isil. and 13 have been wounded and 3 killed in an town. it happened in an all progressives congress rally. one policeman was killed. the situation in the eastern ukrainian city of debaltseve remains unclear. russian separatists claim they have seized the town. that's denied by kiev. the ukrainian foreign minister say separatists are fighting for control of the strategic train station. russian president is in hungary for talks with the prime
minister. we go live to robin forrester walker. what are they talking about, robin? >> reporter: hi jane well vladimir putin came in this afternoon and has been having talks with the prime minister and he is expected to address the press any minute now, and we are anticipating the hungarians are saying this is a big deal for them. they have been looking for gas supplies from russia. their contract expires this year and they depend on russia for its gas. 80% of their supplies come from russia so we think this is what the prime minister is going to say has been agreed. and the government here has been maintaining all along that this is about economics, not about politics and this is what is best for hungary, but of course it has been a pretty controversial decision by him to
invite a man who is let's say persona non grata in most e.u. cities. >> so what is the significance of their talking? >> reporter: of the gas deal? well the critical voices particularly in the west let's aconsider that doing this kind of a deal makes hungary more dependent on russia. they have also signed a multi-million dollars nuclear deal with russia and this has been let's say cast as a -- as a -- as a way for vladimir putin to exercise some degree of control over eastern european countries, particularly like hungary, bringing that dependancesy make them, perhaps more susceptible to russian policy. and therefore, divide the e.u.
particularly when it needs to show unity on issues like ukraine. and the hungarians have been criticized about being a little bit ambiguous and disrupted sup place of gas that they have reexported to ukraine. of course ukraine needs gas because it has had its supply cut off from russia. there were about 2,000 protesters that koim -- came out yesterday to say they are unhappy with the way the government is behaving. the prime minister himself has said he would like hungary to be seen as an ill liberal state which seems at variance and the
e.u. and chancellor merkel has said that that wasn't go together liberal and democracy, but that's what seems to be happening in hungary. >> thank you, robin. taliban suicide bombers have attacked a police station in eastern afghanistan killing at least 20 officers. the attack took place just south of the capitol. there were two explosions, one at the gate and another inside the compound. another suicide bomb has killed at least seven people. the taliban splinter group has reportedly claimed responsibility. pakistan is carrying out mass deportation of afghan refugees but many are also leaving because of alleged harassment. afghan refugees say they have experienced more hostility since the school attacks in december.
as nicole johnston reports. >> reporter: beneath the gum trees this man has put up a tent and made a home for his family. he escapes from afghanistan 35 years ago with one son. on his way, his other five children and wife drowned crossing a river. in pakistan he remarried, had more children and grandchildren, also 16 of them are now back in afghanistan. he says the pakistani police detained him, and then his son, until they agreed to leave. >> translator: they gave us this document saying you have only three days you have to leave. what can you do in three days? i was selling things in the street. some people owed me money. i left it all behind. >> reporter: he still remembers his home in afghanistan and its orchards. it's the first time his sons who were born in pakistan have ever
been to afghanistan. >> translator: our first few days were tough. i wasn't relaxed. now my heart is aligned to my own country. here no one calls us refugees. >> reporter: in the last month, more than 3,500 afghan families have left pakistan. that's more than the entire number who crossed in all of last year. thousands of afghan refugees are entering behind me at the crossing and many of them are accusing the pakistani government of carrying out raids on their homes and detaining the men until they leave the country. they say this is happening even if they are registered as u.n. refugees and have the proper papers to remain. there is about 1.6 million registered afghan refugees in pakistan. the pakistani government has given them until the end of the year to leave. there's also another 1 million
unregistered refugees. and pakistan wants them out now. so in this bush camp people are getting by. children spend their days making up games. and when the winter is over they will pack up the tents and travel to their ancestral village, hoping that will be the end of a journey that began more than three decades ago. thousands of people have marched through the streets of niger's capitol in support of the country's military. the army is currently involved in the fight against boko haram in the region. boko haram has been carrying out a series of attacks and suicide bombings along the border with nigeria. it looks like early signs that west africa east ebola outbreak is slowing may have been are premature.
the w.h.o. says the number of new cases in sierra leone and guinea has risen for the second week running. 65 confirmed cases were reported in guinea in the first week of february alone. sierra leone had 76. liberia, though which was the hardest hit has seen a significant slowdown in infections. this week it reported just three cases. more than 9,000 people have died of ebola in all three countries, and cross border trade has also been severely disrupted. senegal has decided to reopen its border now with guinea. nicklas reports. >> reporter: it's a long and dangerous journey for mohammed and his men. they have travelled from southern guinea across ebola-infected regions, carrying two tons of fish. >> translator: we don't want to hear about ebola anymore. it has destroyed everything. including our trade. >> reporter: they are heading to
senegal where they hope to sell their fish. they are not sure if they will be allowed in. for the last eight months senegal has closed his border with guinea to prevent ebola from spreading. the route is used by traders out there west africa and the closure has hurt trade. >> closing borders is not a good thing even to fight against disease. you are causing panics. you are causing a lot of stress on the economy and the capacity of people to go through in moments of tensions such as an epidemic, so there are also technical medical reasons to criticize the border closure. >> reporter: senegal says it has put measures in place to prevent the virus from spreading. customs officers do a thorough inspection of their load. >> translator: we have seen so much traffic coming through.
they are carrying coffee spices honey, fruits and venning vegetables. >> reporter: their destination is one of the largest wholesale markets in west africa. in reopening its border senegal is boosting trade with countries that have suffered economic loss because of ebola. it is also sending a strong message to the rest of the world, saying it is open for business and it's safe to come here. there is no ebola in senegal. but just 400,000 tourists came to visit last year. not enough for a country that relies on tourism as its main source of revenue. >> reporter: ebola is as much of a health crisis as an economic one. it will take months if not years for some of us to get over the economic loss ebola has caused. >> reporter: he and his men hope people won't be afraid to buy their fish and as ebola continues to spread for
senegal, the risk of reopening its border outweighs the cost of keeping it closed. at least for now. nicklas hawk al jazeera, senegal's border with guinea. at least 18 people have been killed during the street carnival in the haitian capitol port-au-prince. it happened when a singer was struck by a low-hanging power cable, which electrocuted people on the float. >> reporter: carnival early on tuesday morning. a succession of musical floats makes its way through the streets. among them this float. but as the bus heads down the road it becomes close to some electrical cables and then a man is struck by the cable. the man who received the electrical shock is now in a
critical condition. many other people were killed or injured, both on the bus, and on the road when people were trampled on as they tried to get away. the casualties were taken to the city's general hospital. as >> translator: as you can see some are critical. we have stabilized them. there are also some who are relatively stable and some will be able to go home soon. >> reporter: the president issued a statement on twitter expressing his sincere sympathies to the victims. tuesday's incident happened on the day of mardi gras. for more than 200 years haitians have celebrated carnival. it's normal practice for the open-top buss to have someone on board who lifts power cables out of the way, but it seems on this occasion that did not happen. two al jazeera journalists
are out on bail after 411 days in jail in egypt, but their fight for justice isn't over yet. they are still charged with colluding with the banned muslim brotherhood. their previous conviction was thrown out, and their retrial is set for february 23rdrd. peter greste was also charged but he is now in australia after being released. baher mohamed spoke to al jazeera about being reunited with his family after more than a year in jail. >> it's hard to describe that moment. you can see it. you can feel it. but to describe those moments with words, i think -- i can't. but it's -- it's finally i'm home. the children was different. they was like -- it was something different. as soon as they saw me -- they saw me on the stairs. they suddenly jump -- jump on me. so i took them and started hugging them. and we start playing and i start -- and i think i start crying and this is the first time my children start telling
me, stop going to work. don't leave again. you spend too much time at work. don't go again. we want you to stay. new technology is reshaping the lives of almost everyone on the planet including health care. and it's not always the most high-tech devices that are the most expensive. tarek bazley has been to a showcase of some low-cost but high-impact technology here in doha. >> reporter: improving the health of the world's poorest people doesn't always involve high-tech solutions. this sterilizer is made from a bucket pressure cooker and dozens of pocket-sized mirrors. >> it enables nurses to sterilize their instruments on-site. it takes about an hour and they will be able to treat patients. >> reporter: another challenge is getting simple materials to remote areas for example
intervenous saline fluid. the bags are expensive to transport and prone to leakage. one u.s. start up wants to use osmosis technology developed by nasa. >> it's basically a filter ration system that you put water on one side and it uses a catalyst to pull the water through the filter who create an fda level sterile solution for the patient's use. >> reporter: and there is an acute need for affordable surgical drills. this drill is not particularly safe for parents and drilling the holes can take an awful long time. that's why this group has come up with a very simple solution. they have taken the electric drill you might find in a
hardware store, wrapped it in a housing, and now they have a machine that does the same job as a $30,000 surgical drill. >> the bacteria that one person carries with them can be transmitted to the next person. you don't want that to happen. you need to cover the drill machine, so our barrier, the fabric and the metal part prevented any bacteria transmission. fighting bacterial infection infections is also critical at childbirth. the team behind this $3 kit, made in india hope to address this. >> it is also about access and the need at the right time again, i think it comes down to the whole packet being available at the time of delivery. >> reporter: those at the showcase are hoping their products can be proof that low-tech high-impact innovations
can solve some of the world's most pressing healthcare challenges. tarek bazley al jazeera, doha. that is the end of this bulletin, but if you want to find out more about what is happening in the hot spots around the world, go to our website, aljazeera.com. ♪ ♪ ♪ hi, i am lisa fletcher and you are in the stream. an an expert that embedded with fighters. tells us what works and why the west win doesn't seem to know the difference. muse treatment and tripping. >> masterful mystery tour pack to the 60's. >> and lat