Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  February 19, 2015 11:00am-11:31am EST

11:00 am
>> the notion that the west is at war with islam is an ugly lie. >> president obama hosts a security summit aimed at stopping what he calls violent extremism. ♪ from al jazeera's headquarters in doha we also have ahead. [ gunfire ] the u.n. recognized government in libya asks the security council to lift the arms embargo against the country. germany rejects greece's request for an extension to its
11:01 am
e.u. loan program. and al jazeera investigates the massive scale of rogue reporting in cambodia. ♪ president obama says the u.s. will continue to fight against al-qaeda in afghanistan's tribal regions and against al-qaeda-linked groups in yemen and somalia. the announcement came at a white house summit. obama also promised to restrain their movement into iraq and syria. >> obviously there is a complicated history between the middle east the west and none of us i think, should be immune from criticism in terms of specific policies but the notion that the west is at war with islam is an ugly lie.
11:02 am
and all of us regardless of our faith, have a responsibility to reject it. >> our correspondent rosiland jordan is standing by in washington. rosiland this is the second time president obama is addressing this three-day summit. what was his main message today? >> reporter: it was that we all have to step up to the plate, and we all have to engage our local communities, our members of civil society in order to deal with the scourge that is represented by al-qaeda isil boko haram, by aqap by any number of groups that have been launching these deadly attacks on people both in the middle east and in countries around the world. the president's message was perhaps more heart felt than his message on wednesday, but i think what he is trying to do is underscore the importance that his administration is putting on this matter of trying to disrupt
11:03 am
the flow of young people from countries that are not inhabited by these organizations from joining these groups and essentially taking up arms on their behalf. it was a very passionate and stern speech and the president also noted that this is not work that is going to be solvable in just a couple of years. >> rosiland he also spoke about the need to fight the attraction to extremist ideology through social media. >> reporter: that's right. it's something that the obama administration made a priority back in 2011 when they created the center for countering -- for counter terrorism -- excuse me -- the center for strategic counter terrorism communications. they saw that groups such as al-qaeda, and now isil were basically on social media, putting out very seductive and
11:04 am
attractive videos in online publications and all sorts of manners to try to attract disaffected young people to try to take up their cause, that if they did so they would be on the right side of their faith and the right side of history. the president has now put in a new person to essentially ramp up this center's efforts and to work with other countries in trying to basically counter message, trying to counter the propaganda. some critics would suggest this is the u.s. getting into propaganda, but officials have told us they believe this is a matter of trying to basically secure the -- the people's safety not just in the united states but in countries around the world, and they say that when you are confronted with an enemy that is doing a lot of damage and could potentially do more you have to confront the enemy where the
11:05 am
enemy is, and thank colludes going face-to-face in the realm of social mee -- media. >> thank you rosiland. libya's u.n.-recognized government has asked the security council to lift an arms embargo to help in the fight against isil and other armed groups. but western diplomats are cautious. the fight in libya is drawn between two main coalitions. the first one backs the u.n.-recognized government which is based out of tobruk. their main bases are in the east of the country. the second one, fights under the libya dawn banner and is supporting the rival government based in tripoli. control of benghazi is split
11:06 am
between rival militia groups. the growing divide between both camps has given isil a chance to increase its influence. it has recently gained ground in three areas. but as our correspondent reports, other armed groups are fighting back. >> reporter: these are fighters. they have been given orders from the legally installed government in tripoli to deploy in the city of sert. their mission is to take on isil. fighters from the area instrumental in the 2011 push by rebels to depose libyan leader moammar gadhafi. >> translator: we should secure all of libya. we should not keep silent after we have made ak sacrifices. >> reporter: a tough task ahead. the men will have to launch an offensive to retake government buildings occupied by fighters
11:07 am
affiliated be isil. while they do that the coast guard patrols a coastline. it's somewhere in this area that isil recently killed 21 egyptian coptic christians. egypt then launched air strikes in the north. the egyptian military said it carried out raids against isil camps, training centers, and weapon depots. there are thousands of egyptian workers in libya. these people arrived in the country illegally, caught by the authorities, they are bound to be deported. >> translator: regarding the seven fishermen who are with us from the illegal immigration department, they came by sea. they do not have documents. we transferred them in preparation for their deportation. >> reporter: there are hundreds of thousands of migrants in libya who have come mainly from
11:08 am
africa. many have already left the country because of the ongoing violence violence that only seems to grow worse by the day. germany's rejektd -- rejecting a greek request for more time to pay back its loan. they submitted a letter earlier on thursday asking for a six-month extension. >> reporter: there is a stalemate between the greek and german government at the moment. the greeks have said that they have submitted their request to the euro group for an extension of the loan agreement. they have said that the euro group meeting tomorrow has only two choices, to accept or reject the greek request. now we will discover who wants the solution and who doesn't. this in response to a german statement earlier in the day that the greek request was
11:09 am
inadequately phrased, quote it is not a proposal that leads to a substantial solution. what was the greek request? they have asked for a six-month period. that means they would meet greece's debt schedule the repayment of the debt owed to the central bank and other european countries, and they would allow greece that grace period to renegotiate several things. the germans have rejected that and the greeks are saying well let's see what happening in the euro group. in an effort evidently to see if they can isolate the germans. there has been more fighting in eastern ukraine despite efforts to maintain the truce agreed in minsk last week. as many as 13 ukrainian soldiers
11:10 am
were reportedly killed in the town of debaltseve. that was taken over by pro-russian separatists on wednesday. paul brennan is at a check point and filed this report. >> reporter: i'm about five mill keet -- kilometers from debaltseve. the road is mined we're told by the separatists fighters. but i wanted to give you an example of how desperate the conflict has been in the last few days. the trees are shredded by the shap shrapnel and bullets. here is a burnt-out ukrainian tank. there are two bodies still lying in the open over behind the camera there as well. now the president of ukraine has
11:11 am
said that he wants the ocse monitors to be allowed in. the osce wants to get in. and the other suggestion is that the u.n. peace keepers can get in and try to bring some degree of calm to this tense situation here. but as you can hear from the distant sound of fire there is still no ceasefire in place. the continuing violence has prompted further international efforts to reinforce the minsk agreement. rory challands has the later. >> reporter: we have heard the things that the leaders who had a phone conversation earlier on thursday -- we have heard these things before. they were talking about a ceasefire being implemented along the entirety of the front line in eastern ukraine. they were talking about the
11:12 am
withdrawal of heavy weaponry the release of prisoners, and allowing the osce in to monitor and facilitate these measures. despite the fact that the fighting is continuing around the town which is down on the seacoast near mariupol. i went to a press briefing of the russian foreign ministry earlier on thursday and asked the press spokesman there what this fighting meant; whether the russian government thought the separatists were trying to take more territory. his response was that the seep are only responding to aggression from the ukrainian army. so the russians are very clear about where they think the fault lies. now ukrainians themselves have been trying to count their losses after the bedockel of
11:13 am
debaltseve. they say 90 soldiers were captured and 80 are missing. the separatists say they have captured some 300 ukrainian troops and thousands more have been lost either dead or injured. now what today feels like really, though is essentially a collective drawing of breath where everyone pauses for a moment and tries to work out what comes next. still to come on al jazeera, she may be denying corruption but now she has been charged. we have the latest from thailand on the former prime minister. and declaring war on waste, how a growing scheme in germany is making the most of leftover food. ♪
11:14 am
11:15 am
>> there's more to financial news than the ups and downs of the dow. for instance, could striking workers in greece delay your
11:16 am
retirement? i'm here to make the connections to your money real. >> "real money with ali velshi". tonight at 10:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. ♪ you are watching al jazeera. a reminder now of our top stories. president obama, says the u.s. will continue to fight against al-qaeda and its affiliates in afghanistan, yemen and somalia, and announced the creation of a joint digital monitoring center with the united arab emirates. and germany has rejected greece's request for more time to repay its massive loan from the european union. the euro group is meeting on
11:17 am
friday to consider athens demand. the united states has identified 1200 syrian fighters that it can train to take on isil. this is part of a military program expected to begin next month. washington says it will send more than 400 soldiers to train the fighters. turkey saudi arabia and qatar have offered to host the program. meanwhile fierce fighting continues in and around the syrian city of aleppo with at least 70 pro-government fighters and more than 80 rebels killed since tuesday. both sides are trying to expand their area of control, wliel the u.n. is trying to broker a ceasefire. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: once a thriving tourist destination, this part of aleppo is now a battlefield. in the told city they fight
11:18 am
street by street and snipers watch for targets. >> translator: we are here to fight on the front to prevent the regime from moving towards our area. this area is important because it is the regime's lifeline. >> reporter: on the outskirts of the city in the south, every sort of weapon is used on both sides. [ explosion ] >> reporter: the most serious fighting is on the road that leads to the western parts of the city. >> translator: our main duty here is to monitor the movements of the assad forces and how they mobilize their forces where they launch attacks. our mission is to liberate the area of the 80th brigade, so we can move towards the industrial come pound. >> reporter: the fighting in aleppo isn't just on these fronts. it's a deadly battle on 40 different fronts and while each of the battling sides tries to make gains. the u.n.-backed ceasefire plan
11:19 am
looks unlikely. unrest appears to be spreading in myanmar's northeast. the government is accusing three more rebel groups of fighting the army. a state of emergency is being enforced. government troops are trying to drive out mmdaa rebels but other ethnic groups are also fighting for autonomy. it's forced thousands to seek refuge in china. our correspondent reports. >> reporter: they are supposed to be celebrating the chinese new year. instead ethnic chinese in the border area of myanmar are either trapped by fighting between an ethnic minority rebel army and the myanmar military or fleeing for their lives. now that marshall law has been declared people are worried it sets the stage for a new push by
11:20 am
the army to end what they see as a threat to national sovereignty. >> translator: we ran away. we were so afraid. >> reporter: the new battle between the myanmar national alliance army and the [ inaudible ], is just one incident of decades of fighting between the two sides. the government has agreed ceasefire with some groups but the reality on the ground doesn't match the peace rhetoric. >> we have a ceasefire with the government since january 28th but this has been violated by the burmese army about 400 times. in 2/0/14, alone, first january to 30th november there have
11:21 am
been 102 factions. >> reporter: questions are being asked about what marshall law could mean for other areas. >> it can happen in any ethnic area given the fact that they are expanding their presence their control in almost everth nick area that they have ceased fire. >> reporter: there could be serious implications for neighboring countries as the struggle continues. the prolonged fighting has meant that hundreds of thousands of people have left the country, not just to china, but also here in thailand. there are possible political consequences too. this is a crucial election year a test of the true depth of reform in myanmar, but the ballot can't be held in areas under marshall law. al jazeera has sought
11:22 am
reaction from myanmar's government on the recent events but so far they have not responded. al jazeera has discovered that many journalists in cambodia are engaged in blackmail. some rogue reporters are unearthing evidence of crime, and then demanding bribes to cover it up. we have the story from cambodia. >> reporter: often in cambodia what doesn't make the news has become more important than what does. many journalists search the country for stories, only to demand cash to bury evidence of crime and corruption. this man and his team of freelance reporters often blackmail illegal acts. he receives 6 times the average wage in cambodia. occasionally he files a story. >> translator: we're all the
11:23 am
same in this country, but there are different ways of giving and receiving bribes. sometimes if they are discrete they put the money in an envelope everyone benefits from illegal business. we don't bother people who are not involved in illegal business. it's simple. we only come in when people break the law. >> reporter: increasingly his team faces violence and retaliation. >> translator: sometimes journalists ask for a little money for food. i'll give them what i can. if they want more i can't afford it. i can only fight them. >> reporter: last october, journalist was shot dead while investigating a logging company. he was accused of extortion. he says they used to work together. tonight he is with another colleague who's car has been smashed by illegal loggers. >> they got angry, because i
11:24 am
caught them in the act. >> reporter: the information ministry acknowledges that it is easy to obtain bribes. >> translator: journalists has become a business. anyone can be a journalists. if you want qualified journalists, they will need training courses. if you apply that condition, there will be very few of them left. >> reporter: but the lack of professionalism, creates a a -- murky news industry. thailand's former prime minister has been charged with negligence over a million billion dollars rice sub sid rice scheme for poor farmers. she faces ten years in prison if she is convicted. >> the most important thing is the first court hearing.
11:25 am
the decision will now depend on the judge's consideration. >> reporter: the former prime minister has reaffirmed that when she gets a copy in detail of the indictment and the first hearing is set, she will be present in court. an australian who spent five years behind bars in guantanamo bar has had his conviction overturned in the united states. his conviction has now been thrown out on a technicality. andrew thomas explains. >> reporter: an innocent man after 14 years. labeled a terrorist, and held at guantanamo bay, david hicks has finally cleared his name. >> relieved. also exhausted, because it has been a long time. >> reporter: the australian was seized in afghanistan in 2001, shortly after al-qaeda's 9/11 attacks. he had been getting military
11:26 am
training at a camp associated with the taliban. flown by the u.s. government to guantanamo bay, hicks spent five years at the prison camp before in 2007 he did a deal to secure his deportation. he pleaded guilty and agreed never to appeal his conviction. but back in australia, hicks said he was innocent and only agreed to the deal to get out of guantanamo where he was being tortured. the u.s. government now accepts that what hicks was convicted of was ant crime in 2001. the deal to stop hicks appealing too was invalid, his convictions vacated. hicks is officially innocent. >> it's unfortunate that because of politics i was subjected to five and a half years of physical and psychological torture that i will now live with always. >> reporter: hicks says he wants an apologize from the australian government, but that is not
11:27 am
likely to come. >> he was up to no good on his own admission, and look i'm not in the business of apologizing for the actions that australian governments take to protect their country, not now, no ever. >> that is the wrong reaction from the australian prime minister should be saying we made an error. we allowed australian citizens to be taken beyond the law. we allowed them to be storetured. >> reporter: david hicks says he is not chasing compensation but he wants australian's government to pay the treatment for health conditions he says were caused by five years at guantanamo. food waste is a global problem especially in developed countries where hundreds of millions of tons are thrown away every year. but in germany some activists are managing to redistribute
11:28 am
used food using sharing websites. >> reporter: wide -- riding to the rescue this student is riding to drop off some bread a bakery couldn't sell. and some food from his frig. this tea shop is one of scores of drop off and pick up points in berlin for food that would otherwise go to waist. this is one of the founders of the food-sharing website. he says the focus is not primarily on helping poor people, but on saving food with volunteers or food savers. >> you don't have to be poor you don't have to be rich you just have to be aware of the normal rules, like being clean with the place where you rescued the food. be nice to the shop owners and employees as well as to the other food savers. >> reporter: this bakery is one
11:29 am
of 270 businesses in berlin using the website. because the site is in german that means businesses in the austria, and the rest of germany can always use it. he gets the day's delivery unsold bread and sandwiches. he uploads pictures to the website which lets hungry users know when and where to get it. it also tells you when you have to make a pick up and where to leave it or how to get food yourself. he is back at the tea shop for another delivery. he says the actions are local, but as germany imports lots of food, the effects reach wide. >> every time we throw something here away we are contributing to starvation in the world, and by reducing the waste, we can really help also on a global scale. >> reporter: a final food rescue takes place with leftovers from a school cafeteria.
11:30 am
the food is free however, the real satisfaction is not in the eating but the sharing. if you would like to find out more and the latest news analysis and stories, you can always go to our website, at >> june 2010, fighting erupts between the uzbek and kyrgyz communities of southern kyrgyzstan. the violence spreads from osh to nearby towns. >> they came and started looting houses killing people. systematic theft, destruction, and brutal mob violence. more t