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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 7, 2015 9:00am-9:31am EST

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>> insiders are expecting a quarter of restaurant to close in the capitol of 2016.
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keep watching to find out why. >> we start in nigeria where 10 people have been killed in three separate explosions in the northeastern part of the country. the first blast took place in a market in maiduguri. an hour later two bus stations were attacked. we get the latest from abuja. this is distressingly familiar. >> yes, familiar in maidugri, which has seen attacks on several occasion this is year. on one of the locations attacked by the suicide-bomber at least 15 people witnessed there--a
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witness said that at least 15 people died in the incident, and this shows that as time goes on we'll probably hear of more deaths, including those of the market in maiduguri and the bus station also in maiduguri. we hear of more people killed by these attacks today in maiduguri. >> how does this fit in by claims of the government that they're having successes against the boko haram. >> well, the nigerian arm in conjunction with their neighbors of cameroon and shad have chad have retaken areas in the north northeastern of the country and
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they've pushed boko haram fighters into maidugri, where you have refugees in those areas taking refugee in the city. so basically you can't isolate incidents like this when you have so may be people with questionable character coming in to the city, targeting civilians and the military as well. people think that most of the people who are carrying out these attacks may be boko haram fighters re recaptured, and who have fled into the city of maidu maiduguri. >> thank you. reports of isil fighters destroy destroyed ancient remains of a 2,000-year-old city. >> another ancient city destroyed. this one hatra south of mosul. on the list of world heritage
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sites it was on that list because it's a unique confluence of greco-roman and you could see it in the walls that still remained. even people who don't follow archaeology knew that city from the "exorcist," which was shot there. that fight begins isil is proving difficult. iraqi military forces backed by shia militias still have net to reach the city of decrete days after declaring a major defensive. they've heard towns and villages along the way but they're not yet in the city. the middle said that it and it's iraqi partners have taken back the town of al baghdadi. it's close to a military base where the u.s. and other
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coalition members operate, but sources on the ground there including provincial and local politicians say that it has not been entirely freed. that there is still fighting going on around baghdadi. all that is due to be discussed by general martin dempsey the top military official who comes here for talks with iraqis on how the fight something going. as we've seen in tikrit, militias have made clear that it has and wants to remain a key partner in this fight particularly in places like western anbar. >> the u.n. envoy to libya has warned all parties against carrying out attacks while sensitive negotiations are taking place in morocco. we go to the country's two rival governments appear to be making proking. >> factions have agreed on a road map to peace and stability in that country.
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it has been beset by violence and stability and civil war. basically they have agreed to form a national unity of government. then they will implement a peace fire across the country. they'll disband the militias, pull them out from the cities, set up a new national army that will take over security arrangements across the country. now, we have to wait and see what happens in the coming days because both delegations from east and west libya will travel back to their own areas consult with their governments if they get the go ahead they'll come back for a final agreement. this is very crucial for the international community. quite significant for the libyans as well. the feuding factions are not able to sit together to come up with a final political settlement, and this is something that plays into the hands of groups like the islamic state in iraq and the levant, which is expanding further
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controlling oil installations. something that the international community want to come to an end. they're looking to see an imminent political deal. >> a fisherman has been killed up the coast of gaza by israeli naval forces. it happened when four boats strayed out of the israeli designated six-mile fishing zone. they said that the vessels were fired upon when they didn't reply to calls to stop. gaza is kept in a tight coastal blockade by israel. >> negotiations with iran's nuclear program are entering a critical phase. secretary of state john kerry has met with his iranian counterpart in the talks process
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process. they plan to make a final agreement by the end of june, but kerry said it must not be rushed. >> we're not feeling a sense of urgency that we have to get any deal. we have to get the right deal. and it is, frankly up to iran that wants this program that wants a peaceful program, that asserts that they have a peaceful program to show the world that it is, indeed, exactly what they say. >> brazil's supreme court has approved an investigation into some of the country's top politicians, who are accused of taking bribes in exchange for petrobra. >> among the 54 people accused of taking bribes, the former president and speaker of both chambers of congress, and all
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but one of the governing coalition. investigators alleged private firms pay corrupt officials in order to get lucrative contracts at petrobras the state-owned firm. the president has been cleared of any involvement in the scheme. speaking before the list of names was released, she said her focus is on fixing brazil's struggling economy. >> we're now entering a new phase in confronting the crisis in which a number of different measures will be needed a new trajectory so we can grow. >> but the scandal has shaken the political of establishment and undermineed the president who has just-newly re-elected last year. >> the pressures, the president
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is under enormous pressure, pressure of public opinion to take this seriously. this is an enormous corruption scandal involving the largest company in brazil that happens to be a state country. >> the scandal has been developing for months, and some are calling for lawmakers to be held accountable even before the investigation is completed. >> you wouldn't necessarily wait until the end of the investigation or for the sentencing process. if there was evidence against that member of parliament it would go to the ethics board and then to the floor for an open vote by the chamber of deputies. >> under brazilian law elected politicians can only be tried by the supreme court which now will decide, with the help of prosecutors, whether it is enough to put them on trial. >> nine people have been killed in a nightclub in a mali.
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gunmen threw grenades as they storm the club. two suspects have been arrested. south africa is prepareing to take hiv testing into the classroom. the government is offering voluntary testing and counseling at all high schools. an survey found an overwhelming 70% of teenagers supported the idea. >> south africa's children learn about the dangers of hiv at an early age. it's crucial in a country where more than 6 million people are living with the virus out of a total population of 51 million. in terms of numbers it's the world's worst-infected nation. as a mom of a 12-year-old boy she wants her son to be well-informed. >> i think its important that the children are educated, they know what hiv is, they know the dangers, they know how to look
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after themselves as well. >> but he said that getting sex education from his mom was a little uncomfortable. >> i would get it from school because it's kind of weird to hear your mom talk about it. >> getting lessons on hiv is only part of the picture. if teenagers want to know if they have the virus they have to go to a clinic. these teenagers that she has talked to tell her that that is not an option they're comfortable with. >> going in to test with the facilities does not offer the privacy that they want. they say they go there the your mom, the laid next door see you. >> more than three-quarters of teenagers say they would rather be tested in school.
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thethe school said that parents and counselors must be part of the process. >> let's bring parents on board. let's make sure that the services are available for people, and the psycho-social fallout can be managed timely. >> the ministry of education says it now plans to introduce hiv testing in all of south africa's secondary schools within the next five years. it will be voluntary and parents can be present for the test. that's how some prefer it. >> being tested at school. >> research and survey say this is a far better and informed generation of any that has come before them, and arming them with more knowledge and more awareness these young people present the best possible solution to stopping the spread of hiv.
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>> still to come here at al jazeera we step back in time for the man who marched for civil rights nearly 50 years ago. >> nearly a year after disappearance, many hope that they're closer to finding the truth.
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>> hello again. you're with al jazeera. these are your top stories. in nigeria 42 people have been
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killed in a suspected boko haram attack. the first blast took place in a market in borno state. and then an hour later two bus stations were attacked. libya's rival government is said to be close for a deal. the envoy to libya has warned against carrying out attacks while negotiations are being held. isil fighters have destroyed the ancient remains of a 2,000-year-old city of hatra. it's one of several sites targeted by isil. the destruction is refocusing the world's attention on protecting cultural history. that is something that afghanistan has been struggling with for many years as nicole johnston reports from the national museum in kabul. >> it takes a light touch to patiently remove centuries of dust. this is part of a world painting
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from a province once home to afghanistan's giant buddhist statutes. studio institutes statues. >> when the russians came we moved all the museum pieces to the king's house. then during the war the staff could in the even get to the museum. but the real travesty was in 2001. everyone knows what happened then. >> what happened, the taliban blew up ancient statues of buddha. the largest was 50 meters high. the taliban control large parts of the countryside so the cultural history has not gone away. in fact, the museum is so concerned that it doesn't allow cameras into its store room. it doesn't want the taliban finding out what pieces it has
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from the buttest buddhist period. it has 50,000 pieces cataloged it's taken five years to get it done and it's his job to photograph them all. >> the artifacts are not kept in proper conditions. the store room does not have a humidifier. >> they're restoreing the wooden carverings, wiping away the grime, it's skilled work. yet the conservationists are missing basic car pen try tools and the device to hold the panels in place but right now what they need more than anything is some electricity. >> egypt has carried out the first execution.
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hang nored for an incident where children were thrown from a building. the execution comes after a month after the high court held up the sentence. an egyptian media said that a police officer has been killed by a roadside bomb north of cairo. we have reports. >> the threat of bombing is becoming more frequent for egyptians. this latest bomb killed one policeman and tore off legs and burned several others in the city of mahalla on friday. they called on an end of a military coup that led to el-sisi being elected. the protest came on the heels of
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a new presidency. since the beginning of 2014 amnesty international said that 121 people have died in police stations alone. the cause of death lack of medical care or torture. [ gunfire ] >> human rights groups say there is zero accountability for abuses committed at the hands of community forces. police stations and military posts have become common targets for bombings by armed groups. during a human rights council meeting earlier this week, the human rights commissioner said that he believed the assault on human expression would bring more extremism. he cited political activists and dissidents imprisoned. there was disagreement with the commissioner's findings.
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>> egypt will build its constitutions based on the rule of law and based on its determination not to repeat the errors of the past. >> reporter: yet many human rights activists, some sitting in prison, say it is the present that has become worse than the past. >> now thousands of people are expected in the southern u.s. city of selma to celebrate what has become known as bloody sunday. patty colhane reports on one person whose life was changed by those events. >> this was a final significant step of the civil rights movement in 1965, a push for voting rights. but when marchers tried to walk across this bridge in selma alabama... >> i was just horrified. it just stunned me. >> for clark olson those images
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not only horrified him it changed his life. he heard the call for dr. martin luther king for ministers of all religion to come to selma that the police would attack the clergy. but they took a wrong turn and ran into a group of white glen they came across the street rather hurriedly. one of them was carrying a club. we whispered to each other just keep walking. we turned around and saw the man swing the club. i heard the sound that have hitting jim's head. a sound that i will not forget. and then i ran. >> his friend jim reed died two days later and his death would do more to galvanize the country than the horrific images of so many blacks being beaten because reed was a minister, and he was white. americans protested across the country and on the day reed was
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buried president johnson introduced the voting rights act, insureing african-americans the right to vote. >> one good man, a man of god was killed. >> it has been half a further since olsen held his friend's hand and watched him slip into unconsciousness and into the pages of history a moment and a story he has told many times since. >> at this time in my life i've had so many opportunities to talk to people about this. my god, that's just--it's a gift. it's a gift to me. >> he never crossed that bridge in selma with the others back then, but this saturday, 50 years later, he will finally get his chance. patty colhane asheville north
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carolina. >> vigils will be held on the eve of the disappearance of flight 370. >> it's the only way to remember those still missing. many have gathered in areas like this to meet for those on flight missing 307. >> it was suggested at one stage to join in the last 12 months in an open press conference that the plane had been taken over. yet we see a statement from the department of civil aviation that it was an accident, yet we have no evidence of where the
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plane is, the black box recorder recorder or any records. >> it was declared an accident. that is important. if the plane takes off from the airport and could not reach a destination after the search and rescue period, we have to announce the plane lost. >> such words do not sit well with those who have loved ones on the plane. sara is still waiting to her from her partner philip wood, a passenger on that flight bound for china. >> as far as we can see from what has happened in throughout the situation there are--there is abject corruption and incompetence at the highest levels. i'm very clear to separate that from the average malaysian or average malaysian airline employer. i think they're victims in this.
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i think they've done their best. >> she's not the only one looking for answers. this pilot reflected the feelings of many working in the aviation industry. >> we're asking what happened, what actually happened, why it happened, and why militia airlines. that's what everybody is asking. why this? >> all the people here can do is show their support both young and old light candles say prayers and sing. [music] hoping that the light they hold will guide mh 370 back home to malaysia. al jazeera, kuala lumpur pure. >> now 25 years since communism collapsed urban russians have developed a taste for dining out. moscow now boasts 11,000 eating establishments, but problems in the wide be economy are taking their toll, and it's feared that a quarter of these restaurant
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could close this year. >> he makes a fine pizza and pasta, too for that matter. for 11 years it has been serving italian food. but now its doors are closing. factors have taken their toll, factors like the inflation that caused a weakened ruble. >> after the embargo everything became expensive. in four months our ingredients got more expensive also the rent. they've raised it two and a half time. >> for svetlana, it's crushingly sad moments. this was a family restaurant. >> can you imagine what this means for our staff? some have gone from waiters to managers. we're closing with tears in our eyes.
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>> it's not just this restaurant. it's been tough times. a number of industry experts say more than a quarter of eateries will shut their doors in 2015. but restaurant owners are telling us that with russia's worsening economic situation diner's eating habits are changing. people seem to be sharing food rather than ordering their own and drinking water instead of ordering alcohol. in short they're spending less. but the situation is not as bad as all that say some in the business. yes, times are tough but tough times result in better business models. >> the market has to renew itself any way. businessmen should look for mu market models. if isn't doesn't work you have to look another way. it's sad that some lose their businesses because they cannot fulfill their obligations pay their salaries and rent.
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>> if svetlana can find a place with lower rent, they'll reopen. if not she'll close. >> you can find more on the latest suicide-bombings that hit the town of maiduguri. this week on "talk to al jazeera" - actress and comedian rain prior. >> i was born - you know, i think what they did was that they raised a child to have confidence in who she was. i didn't have to be a part of a group, you know, i didn't have to be black, i didn't have to be white. i had to be rain. >> she is the daughter of icon richard pryor. >> my dad threw me out.