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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 19, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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will it? >> an america tonight special report: "mining sacred lands". tomorrow, 10:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. tunisia's president visits the victims of wednesday's stack on the country's national museum and vows to fight terrorism. ♪ ♪ many of those killed in the attack were foreign tourists. international community is united in its condemnation. i am jane dutton in doha. also ahead. two al jazerra journalists are due back in court in egypt in the case described as baseless by legal experts. brazil's president respond to his a wave of anti-government protests vowing to stamp out corruption.
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plus. >> it cool just a few hours to cut down century old trees. find out what villagers here in southern den zen gal are doing to fight back against illegal timber smuggling. ♪ ♪ tunisia's president is vowing to, quote wage a merciless war against terrorism. he made the comments after a deadly attack on one of the capital's most popular tourist sites. two gunmen wearing military uniforms stormed tunisia's national museum on wednesday killing at least 19 people. 17 of them were tourists. hours later, security forces stormed the museum, which is next door to tunisia's parliament. and killed both gunmen. it's unclear what their motivation was. overnight dozens of people gathered to pay that are respects to people killed in the attack. they held flags and banners
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renouncing terrorism. let's go live to now. the president has been it'sing visiting the victim, but what is he doing to make sure the people are safe and this will not happen again jackie? >> reporter: as we heard he's made a very strongly worded declaration about his intention to fight the attackers and other people who might have the same kind of motivation. and certainly this morning in tunis, we are seeing a heavily-armed military presence on the streets. clearly sending a message trying to reassure people that the security forces are in charge. beyond that, it's very important for the authorities to send a message reassuring tunisia's foreign partners, investigators in particular tourists, this is a country whose economy relies very heavily on tourism. it's only recently started to pick up since the sentiment of instability that arrived after the arab spring. and now an attack like this obviously and against a
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specifically tourist site, is inevitably going to leave lead to a lot of fear, canceled books, something that the tunisian economy really cannot afford at this time. so it's very important to the authorities to be seen both at home and abroad to be doing everything possible to guarantee security. >> and shocking, obviously on so many different levels, jake, but until now identity neesha has been spared of the violence we have been seeing in places like libya, for example. >> reporter: yes, very much so. tunisia has been held as the one success story of the arab spring, a small country which has escaped a lot of the upheaval and violence that we have seen in egypt libya syria and other parts of the region and a country which successfully held its first fully free elects a month ago. it was very much seen as you like the poster child of the arab up rising, now this has happened, it doesn't reverse all of those gains but suddenly does give cause to -- pause to think.
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and i think that although we haven't had any clear statement yet as for what the motivation might have been of the attackers, we have to bear in mind that there has been a steady flow of tunisian recruits who have gone overseas be it to libya, syria or iraq to take part in fights, jihad as they would call it, against the regime and against some in cases western targets. now, it's understood that up to around 500 of those tunisians may subsequently have returned home. this is the kind of nightmare scenario that governments in the west have been concerned about. it was only a couple of months ago that we had those attacks in paris, there is a lot of concern about young people going overseas to fight returning radicalized with an intention of carrying out attacks on their home territory. these are the kind of issues that the government, that the authorities and security forces are going to be grappling with in the come is days and weeks. >> jacky rowland reporting live from tunis thanks, jackie.
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heavy fighting between rival groups in southern yemen has forced the closure of the airport in aden. forces loyal to the former president and backing the current president fought around a security forces base close to aden's air pours hardy insists he's the legitimate leader and is trying to build a power base in aden. an international coalition fighting boko haram has driven the armed group out of a town in northeastern nigeria. bordering niger it was retaken from the group over the weekend. 228 boko haram fighters were reportedly killed during the praying. sierra leone's president has sacked his deputy after he was kicked out of the ruling party earlier this month. the president says samuel abandoned his duties after he tried to seek asylum in the united states. he was expelled from the all people's congress political
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party on march 6th after being accused of instigating unrest. security forces have taken control of his compound in the capital freedown. now, they may be out of prison but the legal case continues for two al jazerra journalists in egypt. the retile of bahar mohamed and mohamed fahmy is said to resume in cairo their colleague peter greste was deport today australia last month. natasha reports. >> reporter: they have been in this egyptian court countless times before. they are hoping this time things will end differently and their names will finally be cleared. since mohamed fahmy and bahar mohamed's retrial began in february the all-too familiar frustrations have resurfaced. the court proceedings have been postponed three times during one hearing, the judge said their colleague, peter greste, had to be present. after spending more than a year behind bars, greste was deport today his native australia last
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month. at a sit sent of canada fahmy was hoping to be deported there. we were released but must check in every day. they are accused of aiding the now banned muslim brotherhood. legal experts have called the case baseless, despite living under the cloud of the charges mohamed recently says he feels fortunate to have been reunited with his family. >> i am happy that i am going back to my family. >> reporter: their hope is thursday's court appearance won't bring more delays, but will move their retrial forward and bring them closer to exoneration. natasha ghoneim, al jazerra. a court in myanmar sentenced two journalist to his two months in prison after finding them guilty of defamation, the chief editor and reporter from myanmar post were charged in february last year. a newspaper published remarks made by an unnamed politician
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about the level of education held by military representatives in parliament. two australians convicted of drug trafficking in indonesia will not be executed this month. a court in indonesia has postponed the appeal hearing for them. lawyers not two men are requesting a presidential clemency. they were arrested in 2005 as part of the so called bali nine group and they are due to be execute booed i firing squad. thousands of demonstrators have marched through caracas to denounce u.s. sanctions against venezuela. many of those rallying were government workers link today the country's state oil and utility company. last week the u.s. sanctioned seven venezuelan officials over the crack down on last year's anti-government protests. venezuelan president anything has maduro accuses the u.s. of plot to go out of the him. brazil's president has announce aid series of new mesh
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tours crack down on corruption. announcement came on the same day that new poles showed her popularity is falling, adam raney reports. >> reporter: respond to go a wave of anti-government protests brazilian president announced a series of anti-corruption measures on wednesday, if this passed they were bar those with a criminal record from running for office, and allow for the seizure of assets of those guilt i have corruption. >> translator: we have to open our eyes wide and say the time for brazil to put an i understand to this process to these crimes or these practices that continue to corrode our inside, the time is now. >> reporter: the announcement comes on the same day that new polls showed her popularity falling to a new low. according to a date poll. 62% that responded said the government was bad or terrible.
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that's the worst rankings for a president since 1992 when president fernando was impeached for corruption. also on wednesday there were fresh protests against her in several cities. >> translator: she is a manipulator and she's manipulated by former practice dill sen president. so the workers party can't continue in power. >> reporter: her popularity has crashed amid the a widening corruption scandal at the state oil firm. prosecutors have linked dozens of politicians and members of her own workers party or p.t. to bribes and kickbacks worth hundreds of millions of dollars. last sunday, dozens of protests were held across brazil in which more than a million people marched against her and the p. it. many protest calling for her impeachment. meanwhile proal.
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stay with us here on al jazerra, still to come. not changing their tune, russia reinforces its control of crimea. as people celebrate the anniversary of it's annexation. it's the stuff of science fix but robots not home and the workplace could soon leave people out of a job.
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>> the stream, >> your digital community >> you pick the hot topics and express your thoughts the stream it's your chance to join the conversation only on al jazeera america ♪ ♪ you are watching al jazerra. reminder of our top stories tunisia's president has vowed to
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fight a war against terrorism in his country. he made the comments after deadly attack on one of the capital's most popular tourist sites. nighttime individual ills were held for the 19 people killed. the retrial of two al jazerra journalists is let setoguchi to resume in cairo. bahar mohamed and mohamed fahmy are accused of aiding the now banned muslim brotherhood. charges they and al jazerra decide. brazil a president dilma rousseff vows to crack down on corruption. thousands took part of nationwide rallies demanding her impeachment because of corruption. the white house has criticized benjamin netanyahu for using divisive language during the israeli election campaign of a spokesman for president obama says israel's prime minister used rhetoric that sought on marginalize arab israeli citizens. netanyahu said if reelected he wouldn't allow the recreation of
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a palestinian state. >> reporter: glistening in the early spring sunshine the israeli settlement, and in the distance a cross valley the palestinian town of bethlehem. construction of this settlement began back in 1997 during benjamin netanyahu's first term as prime minister. desperate to shore up his white wing support he returned here in the last days of his campaign, with this as a backdrop he stated specifically the reason for its creation was to block palestinian access to southern jerusalem. for the first time stating publically what palestinians had argue today years that the creation of settlements is strategic, intend today block the establishment of a contiguous palestinian state. and later the same day he recanted his 2009 commitment to a two-state solution. >> translator: i think that whoever moves to establish a palestinian state orin tends to withdraw from territory is
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simply yielding territory for radical islamic terrorist attacks against israel. this is the genuine reality that was create heard in the past few years. >> reporter: basking in another election victory. the prime him minister went to pray at the western wall and ready to temper the fiery rhetoric of the campaign in which he labeled those israelis that a pose him as traitors. >> translator: i appreciate the decision, by israel's citizens to let me and my friends against all odds and in the face of powerful forces and i will do everything that i can to care for the security and welfare of all israelis. >> reporter: but in the wake of this election there there can no longer be any illusions about israeli acceptance of a palestinian state. the reality is the fact on the ground built by netanyahu and now endorsed by the millions of israelis who voted for him. mike hannah, al jazerra, in the occupied west bank. in pakistan the last-minute
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stay has beenish today you a men sentencesentenced to death at the age of 14, he's now thought to be 23 and had been scheduled to be hang odd thursday for murder, an inquiry will look at his age and the torture he says he suffered to pressure him to nba to a confession. there has been intense fighting near the eastern ukrainian city, that's despite there being a fragile east fire in place between ukrainian troops and pro-russia separatist heavy shelling and machine gunfire was heard throughout wednesday. the city is strategically important because it is home to ukraine's main chemical plant. thousands of people in crimea have gathered to celebrate a year since the region was an he cans by russia. people living in crimea voted overwhelmingly to become russian citizens in the referendum following the seizure but despite the vote being condemned by the u.s. and criticized by approximated eu many crimeians say they have few regrets.
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rory challands reports. >> reporter: crimea celebrations may well be stage managed but they are genuinely felt by the region's majority of ethnic russians. home of russia's black sea fleet and crimea's administrative center, the mood is jubilant. >> translator: we are very glad of we doubted a little in the beginning but now we are sure our future is with russia, despite all the difficulties we had this transitional year we have patriotic sentiments about joining russia. >> translator: i have lived here for 25 years, and during the ukrainian period, we didn't see anything good. now with russia, life is easier. you feel free. i can realize my plans. russia is a big state with a big future and powerful potential that can stands up for its people. >> reporter: there were big organized celebrations in celebrations in moscow too and of course a few boards
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for a man that boasted in a recent documentary that he handled the take over the crimea personally. >> translator: we will go forward. we will strengthen our statehood. trench then our country and overcome all difficulties which were so easily created for ourselves all the time recently. and of course, we woeufrl come the problems and difficulties that they throw at us from outside. these are useless attempts against russia. thank you for your support. long live russia. [ cheering and applause ] >> reporter: the kremlin says that crimea is russian now and will be forever more. case closed. effectively. but crimea is likely to be a gentlemen giordano owe owe geopolitical sore for years for come. western governments view it as
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an illegal land graham given only a veneer of legitimacy by a quick and dirty referendum. they refuse for recognize crimea as russian and seem to join kashmir and others. but crimea's leaders insist it won't share the same fate as those economically stunted territories. >> translator: crimea is not an autonomous region, it's an integral part of the russian state. we are the same russia as moscow and other parts and regions. we are part of big great country rich. >> reporter: but for the crimeian issue to be resolved, someone will have to change their tune. either russia has to hands it back or ukraine and the west must swallow their objections and recognize it as russian. neither of these seems particularly likely right now. rory challands, al jazerra
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crimea. the russian president vladimir putin signed a treaty to bring. [ inaudible ] under full russian control. the region broke away from georgia in 2008, after russia and georgia fought a five-day war. it will now be easier for people there to become russian citizens. our guy sought some of the strongest' at this tobacco laws in the world with tight retricks on his where cigarettes can be smoked and how they are sold. but in this report from the capital. the tobacco industry is starting for fight back. >> reporter: 80% of these packets are covered in warnings. rotting teeth sexual impotence damage to lungs and to unborn baby. for uruguay, they are part of a campaign it believes saves lives. but tobacco giants philip mores international, is suing uruguay for what it says are unfair trade practices. >> translator: many countries are waiting to see how this case end so that they can continues with their own anti-tobacco
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measures. but as we wait, thousands of people are dieing. >> reporter: the man behind the message is former oncologist and recently reelected president. who introduced uruguay's tough anti-tobacco laws in 2006, during his first term in office. the evidence says that they are working. that less uruguayans are smoking. >> translator: i couldn't sleep. i shook from the tobacco but i gave up. i did it. four months without smoking. now i feel fine. i want to live for my children. >> reporter: the city government runs this clinic to help smokers quick. and then stay off tobacco. myriam now 51 started smoking age 12. stealing cigarettes from her mother. oscar started smoking at 13. smoking more than 30 a day. >> i went five years without smoke, i quick smoking but i started again so i am back here
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trying to give up once more. >> reporter: uruguay is backed by the world health organization. many countries are watching with interest for the results of its war a smoking and its battle with an industry bigger than this country of less than 4 million inhabitant. you have to look hard to find a packet of cigarettes in uruguay the philosophy being if you can't see them, then you won't be tempted. let's see what they have in this kiosk. i've got two pac et cetera here, 80% of the packaging covered in warnings design today make smoke as unappealing as possible. the irony is that uruguay was the first country to legalize the sale of marijuana a measure in the process of being implemented but uruguayans, he especially young still smoke tobacco. >> in 10 years working here we never see youngsters, we need to
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find a way at reaching them too. >> reporter: tax on cigarettes at almost 70% is going up. and more warnings about the dangers of smoking is on the way. tobacco and tobacco industry and uruguayan smokers is still far from over. daniel, al jazerra. >> are. hundreds of flights canceled. they walked off the job two days ago over a dispute about pensions the strike will continue through to friday. 80,000 passengers have been affected. in senegal villagers and former rebels have come together to protect their forests from illegal logging. the black market for the timber trade it booming. a report from the project to save trees in southern senegal. >> reporter: 200-year-old tree cut down in less than an hour. this was a sacred forest to the
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people here. one that their an ancestorses protected. it's a symbol of time. of ancestry, and identity. a dead tree is a bad omen. >> translator: it breaks my heart. men cannot live without nature. >> reporter: it's illegal to cut them down unless you have a government permit. but no one is here to enforce the law. this region has been fought over for 30 years. a peace deal between separatists and of the government was brokered two years ago but tensions remain high. it's difficult to know who is in charge here. deep in the forest. former environment minister believes he was removed from his post because he exposed a black market timber operation that involved senegalese traders european ships asian businessmen and the gambian state. >> translator: in neighboring gambia it's forbid tone cut wood
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even for house how huge but the country exports lodge quantities of wood. i would like to denounce the european ships carrying timber from there to asia. they know it's illegal but they continues to do. gambian and asian traders profit. >> reporter: the u.n. estimate the trade in illegal timber is worth 30 to $100 billion. the damage is too obvious to ignore. an unlikely alliance of local villagers and formal rebels that fought the senegalese army are joining force to his protect this land. they patrol. watch and replant the forest. farming is their way to tackle the illegal timber trade. >> translator: when farming there is always someone on the ground keeping watch. it's a nonviolent way to tell the smugglers to back off. the lands is ours and it's in
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use. >> reporter: the project is small, but their ambition is big. it may take years for the trees to grow, but they believe they have planted the seeds to save their forest. nicholas hawk, al jazerra senegal. it is an appealing vision instead of having to two our own household chores and go to work, every home could have a robot to do it for us, but as this report shows it t* could leave people without a job. >> reporter: this is not a story about how one day robots may kill us all. it is a story about how rebots may soon take our jobs. this is her be, the home exploring robot butler. and he's here to help us. >> we are looking at put be herb in homes with elderly or disabled. >> reporter: it's a comforting vision of automation, robots enhancing our quality of life. productivity being spread across a population that would now have
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more leisure time or work in to you fu profession that his open up because of technological advances exempt that's now how things so many to be working out. >> it's true innovation creates job categories but out mission is eliminating jobs and we don't have new jobs fast enough. a study found that robots and artificial intelligence could soon replace nearly half of all jobs in the u.s. from transportation and logistics to administrative and service industry jobs. cash key melon university as led the world in testing several autonomous robots that roam the corridors without supervision they are called clock tiff robots. >> all of the jobs are navigation jobs, show me the moan lisa or take me to the radiology department at the hospital. or where exactly can i buy this thing in the supermarket.
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they are very like a good executers, they help you a the love. >> reporter: so depends on the person who owns the machine. >> yes. i guess. and programs it. and please excuse me, and when i get out of the way, it nicely says thank you. >> reporter: the eventual control of these machines is the key issue for those studying the social implications of bow botts i cans and the clear profit motive corporations have in invest this is this technology in order to replace us, so academics are looking at alternative models like teaching community to his master the new technology themselves. >> we choose community to his practice around the world and then understand their problems and teach them how to design new technology that helps them change the relationship they have in their quality of life so that they are not any longer victims, but rather inventors of their future. corporate american is not going to cancel that. >> reporter: for now these co botts need our help to use an elevator. but that won't always be a case,
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perhaps this is a good moment for work out guidelines how we all share the world in the future, al jazerra pittsburgh. job seeking robots to breaking news, you can find all of that by logging on to our website updated 24 hours a day the address me? >> put your hands up. >> what are you going to do? what are you going to do? >> get down on the ground. >> what would you do if you were a cop faced with a split-second life or death decision? tonight i'll take you inside the cost of injustice in america. from the hands on lethal force training that is unaffordable to many departments to the taxpayer funded reforms forced on broken police departments that can't fix themselves. plus americans wrongly convicted of crimes they didn't commit