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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 1, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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>> a deadly explosion at a dairy factory in yemen after a week of saudi-led airstrikes attack houthi targets. you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. also coming up, nigeria's new leader says it's time to heal wounds and the people have put a one party state behind them. >> into extra time, talks of iran's nuclear ambitions are extended and the bargaining goes
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on in switzerland. >> at least 23 workers have been killed in yemen after an explosion at their dairy factory. it's in a city on the red sea under houthi control. residents say it was located near an army camp loyal to the former president, ali abdullah saleh. there are conflicting reports about what caused the blast whether it was an air strike or from a rocket fired from the base. houthi forces have come under fire from saudi led strikes in two provinces just the latest targets in the week long air offensive against the rebels. joining us here in al jazeera's hashem. let's start with developments from aden. the popular resistance has reportedly taken full control of
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the international airport after fighting with houthi militias. how significant is that? >> it's a sign that houthis are now losing some ground, particularly in the south. this came after massive airstrikes over the last few days. the militias or fighters that have now ended the control of the airport in yemen are loyal to president hadi. you see that flag is the south republic of yemen that existed until 1990. the problem is that once the dust settles, they will not break hadi. they would like to break away from the north. >> that is exactly it. there are many various military factions that are fighting for control of yemen. >> yemen is definitely fragmented and even if there's a settlement in the future, yemen is never going to be the same
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again, because of this political divide. you have in the south, for example, forces loyal to hadi, mostly from the power base, but we have secessionists in several areas. after the latest developments, they say it's our time to have a republic of our own and they might get support from key neighboring countries. in the north, you have forces loyal to the houthis to the deposed president ali abdullah saleh and to the family in bad terms with the houthis. the moment we start talking about future of yemen that's when each key factor or player will ask for a bigger say in the future of yemen. we will see more problems, more bickering in the near future. >> what is the end game for the
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saudi-led coalition in yemen? it's been a week since the airstrikes started. >> there will definitely -- it's going to be an extremely delicate situation. if you go to the capital sanna you will see the minister of defense, intelligence headquarters and many air bases located in urban areas with a local community there. if you talk of those areas the likelihood of targets civilians is going to be extremely hi. the saudi's say they will continue the fight until the houthis join the political process, did you say band and pull out of major cities. even to that point this will not solve the problem because you will have to start talking about the bigger picture which is the major issues yemen has been dealing with for several years. >> there's no let up in the number of refugees streaming out of yemen into the east african
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country of djibouti. around 50 refugees have been granted asylum so far. we have this report: >> boats carrying refugees have just arrived. women, children and men are all fleeing the conflict in their country. they are exhausted. they have been at sea in their old rickety boats for five hours and a half guiding the waters. fishermen fled, this man with his wife and five children. >> we never wanted to leave. we were forced to leave by the houthis who came to our town and laid siege to it. that we couldn't even go fishing. most businesses are closed and we couldn't buy food. >> their hosts offered them food and medicine before taking them
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to a temporary camp. they joined dozens of their country men who arrived in the past few days. they will soon be taken to a more permanent camp. >> we're prepared to host up to 5,000 refugees, for months we've prepared for the arrival of yemeni refugees, there's been a clear division of work among aid agencies and we're ready. >> it's not just yemeni refugees arriving at the port. hundreds of ethiopian migrants are now fleeing back. the international organization from migration set up a transit camp for the returning ethiopian. it also affairs transportation back to their country. >> the migrants come back very weak and dehydrated especially when they take the boat back to djibouti. it is a desert and they could get lost. we offer medical and
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psychological help as soon as they arrive. >> just as some returning to yemen are bussed back home, new groups arrive from ethiopia, they are oblivious to the dangers that lie ahead. al jazeera djibouti. >> the next president of nigeria says the people have embraced democracy and put a one party state behind them. muhammedu buhari, the former military leader who became opposition leader said it's time to heal wounds. ness victory speech, he thanked the outgoing president good luck jonathan for conceding defeat and not challenging the results. some celebrating the win held grass brooms to significant his promise to sweep out corruption from nigeria. ahead for the 72-year-old president elect are two big challenges how to handle boko haram on the effect of a slump in oil prices on africa's
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biggest economy. >> the good people of nigeria answered the call of history. when they account the moment, it will be said that it is the people themselves who led this nation to democracy. you waited patiently for hours through the rain and sun and then he in the dark to cast your votes. >> we have more on the challenges facing the new leader. >> some nigerians call muhammedu buhari the incorruptible politician saying because of his seemingly squeaky clean past he will tackle corruption. to the people, it's about the economy and the standard of living. this commercial hub you've got the paved roads but most places
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in the country don't have paved roads. that's how the majority of people live with poverty high unemployment and crime. they want him to do more to improve their lives. people say we want electricity you want power. you see that power station there, most people in the country don't have access to electricity, only a privileged few. it's erratic people rely on generators. they hope when muhammedu buhari is settled in, he will do conditions to the poor on the ground and not just for a few privileged through. >> talks on ires nuclear future are in extra time. diplomatics say they are making progress, but some key issues still need to be resolved. israel homes the talks fail. >> the concessions offered to iran in lausanne will ensure a bad deal that will endanger
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israel the middle east and the peace of the world. now is the time for the international community to insist on a better deal, a better deal would signify roll back iran's nuclear infrastructure link the eventual lifting of the restrictions on iran's nuclear program to a change in iran's behavior. >> simon mcgregor wood is in lausanne to tell us how much progress has been made after a initial deadline passed. >> well, there clearly has been interpreting the nuances of all the different statements and briefings that have been given overnight, there has been quite a lot of progress, but on balance, i would say not enough to seal the deal that everyone came here to do. there has been the closing of gaps on some of the big issues, but the british foreign
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secretary and others have said that there still needs to be detailed work on a number of other issues. what's happening right now, we understand is that john kerry is meeting with his iranian counter oh part in a one-on-one. john kerry is here, phillip hammond is here, the german foreign minister is here, but the russian chinese and french have left, perhaps giving you some indication of the level the delicate level of balance of these talks. interestingly in the last hour, the iranian deputy foreign minister here and very much involved in these negotiations has been talking to the iranian press. he he has indicated that by the end of today the intention is to issue some kind of press statement. he has also indicated that there are on going issues over sanctions and how quickly they should be lifted. we know that is a key issue for the iranians. he is also credited as saying iran is insisting still on the
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ability to develop advanced centrifuges after this 10 year freeze and that also chimes with what we've been hearing has been one of the key issues of argument in these talks. on balance it seems that by the end of the day the parties here want to present a framework of understanding, some kind of statement that suggests we're doing well, but we're not there yet. >> ok, simon we'll leave it there for now, thank you simon mcgregor wood regarding from lausanne. >> chaos in libya as the head of the tripoli based government is sacked. details coming up.
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>> part of al jazeera america's >> special month long evironmental focus fragile pl
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>> the top stories on al jazeera, medical sources say 23 people in yemen are killed after an air strike hit a dairy factory. the week long offensive in targeting houthi rebels. nigeria's president elect said his people have embraced democracy and put the one party state behind him. he unseated president goodluck jonathan by winning 54% of the 28 million ballots cast. >> talks on iran's nuclear future resumed in switzerland after tuesday's deadline expired. diplomatics say they are making progress but key issues still need to be resolved. >> the head of libya's legally installed government in tripoli
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rejected the decision by miss ministers to sack him. he was dismissed after accused of misleading parliament about government finances. he has been in charged of tripoli's installed government since last year. members of parliament voted to sack him. he refuses to stand down. >> a prime minister cannot be dismissed without being held accountable for wrongdoing. we were not called for an investigation and the government is not to be questioned before it receives its budget. >> he lost support of his colleagues following allegations he misled parliament about government finances. >> there was a request submitted by 70 members of the general national congress, calling on him to submit his resignation. there was also request submitted
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by 10 ministers are and deputy ministers from the government threatening to submit the resignations if the request to remove him is not met. >> it means more political turmoil in a country the u.n. envoy has already described as close to chaos. the tripoli based government is one of two rival administrations, the other the u.n. recognized government in tobruk. each is supported by armed groups engaged in daily fighting. >> violence and rivalries have deeply split people. in libya the country has fallen into chaos since the nato backed uprising that deposed muammar gaddafi. since he was force the from power. rival brigades have did he havified the state's authority. the chaos is made worse by isil stepping into an already crowded battleground. in an effort to address the country's political crisis, delegates from the rival
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governments have been meeting at u.n. brokered peace talks but so far there has been little sign of reconciliation. now, with political in-fighting in the tripoli based government, libya seems more chaotic and unstable than ever. al jazeera. >> the iraq prime minister confirms most of tikrit has been liberated from isil control. the provincial headquarters is now under its control and the push could be completed within hours. >> >> firing into isil held pockets of tikrit, iraq supreme court forces make a court advance on the city. progress is slow, soldiers face booby traps and suicide bomb attacks. at times this is a running speed battle that tarts and
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victory in this place a number of symbolic buildings. >> yesterday our forces were able to enter tikrit hospital and government offices from the south and they are now advancing toward the center. from the west, our forces will enter the neighborhood today. >> fanning out soldiers pinpoint a home they believe to be an isil hideout. inside they find a sack of improvised explosive devices. security forces are jubilant. >> thank god we took them by surprise and the iraqi forces with the help of the iraqi air force and coalition support have managed to deal heavy blows today on the enemies of iraq. our ground forces have managed to liberate land with the blood of iraqis, iraqis alone. >> isil fighters have been driven from the central city, although three neighborhoods remain under their control.
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as the iraqi advance continues shia militias have returned to their ate. the iranian back fighters that suspended operations claims the u.s. was planning airstrikes on the city. while a direct cooperation would be a step too far for washington and tehran, a victory in tikrit would boost hopes for mosul. u.s. led airstrikes in the de facto capitol can only do so much before ground troops are needed. >> palestine is now officially a member of the international criminal court. it's part of a move by the palestinians to put more international pressure on israel. al jazeera's jonah hill sent this update from the hague. >> with palestinian becoming the 123rd member state of the i.c.c. the mechanism is in place possibly one day to see israels in the dock here in the hague. there's a long process to come
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before anything like that can happen even before charges can be filed approximately the chief prosecutor must first decide that there is enough prima facie evidence to want to launch a formal investigation then possibly charges after that. two areas they may look into, settlement building by israel in the west bank and east jerusalem, land occupied by israel in 1967 considered illegal under international law and of course the actions and activities of israel's army in gaza last summer. there's no time limit for those decisions. the intense political nature will affect the decisions. the prosecutor said she will investigate both sides without fear or favor.
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>> going for a meal in malaysia has become more expensive because the good and services taxes. the government said it's a fairer way to pay. some business owners are refusing to put up their prices. we have a report from kuala lampur. >> the business owners are registered to collect the new tax. he decided not to increase his price and pass the cost on to his customers. many eating here are on fixed incomes and believe any rise in prices will affect the numbers coming through his doors. >> most of my friends from the smaller one who feel they wouldn't be affected by the 6%,
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they have already increased the price, because it is warned they can't increase the price after april 1, but why they do it, they have to beat the 6% increase that is going to be affecting them. >> his staff know they will lose out. muhammed has been working for three years. while there's no pay rise to off set the tax rise, he knows he'll have less money in his pocket. >> the new tax is a burden. it will take longer for me to save. i can see a rise in my rental and pay more for basics. >> it's not just restaurants affected. everything with a price tag is taxed. there are few exceptions. >> are you ready? >> trying to convince the public that while in significant taxes are being removed the tax will be fair to all.
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there have been protests like these against the new tax and the government handling of the economy. >> the auditor general's report has showcased so much the last few years ranging into billions of u.s. dollars. this is not the time to pass the burden to the people to pay off government debts. >> according to the government, the new tax scheme will raise approximately $8 billion, and it will hit middle income earners those that aspire to buy cars, motor vehicles and the fuel that they need. while government health care, public transport and some utilities will be exempt for the moment. >> the g.s.t. will be implemented april 1. while the date may be observed in some parts in the world as a chance to play practical jokes on friends not many people at this restaurant or in malaysia see the funny side of the tax. >> changes to milk quote at a across the european union are
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expected to mean cheaper prices in the shops but dairy farmers in greece say they are threatened to being driven out of business. >> recently, it invested $7 million in this state-of-the-art plant it sells all the milk dairy farmers can produce and pace them a few cents above the market rate per lighter. even that, its president confesses, may not cover their costs. >> the production cost in greece is higher because of the cost of cattle feed. in northern europe you have more green field so animals graze. here the animals are penned in and depend on the cattle field the farmer gives them. >> feeding milk producing cows is expensive. they require a high calorie diet rich in grains.
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he rents fields to grow some of the feed himself but now will lose more than $20,000 a year in e.u. subsidies. >> before the crisis, we got 53 cents for a liter of milk. now the going rate is more than 33 cents. thank goodness for the cooperative. it sells us cattle feed on credit. if it weren't for them, we would have shut down. >> greek dairy farmers are small scale. they satisfactory just half of domestic demand and their market share is shrinking because many can't afford to stay in the business. now liberalization threaten to say wipe them out. >> northern european countries will flood the market with cheaper milk. that could force the greek farmers out of the market. they could stand a chance in a for cooperative kind of market. >> warmers cooperatives maximize returns to their members their markets are local and loyal and
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might pay more for fresher higher quality milk. that price different could bridge the gap. while this cooperative cannot compete in europe, it may manage to hold its own against the coming storm. al jazeera eastern greece. >> obesity is a worldwide problem and scientists in qatar have made a breakthrough to cure related to something called brown fat. >> this is painstakingly delicate work. scientists dividing and sequencing fat cells for years. they say they've made a breakthrough which could change the way obesity is treated. >> the dream is to without changing the lifestyle of kids or duties, just give them a pill
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that can enhance the brown fat and naturally they are protected against obesity. >> having more of the so-called brown fat actually makes you skinny. with obesity at epidemic proportions, everyone wants a way to transform the white bad fat cells we all have into the brown kind, which burns energy all the time. >> this is called an incubator. this is where the cells are cultured. >> these researchers have both kinds of fat cells and ever proven contrary to what the medical world thought, one can change into the other. >> so we have white fat cells and we have brown fat cells. figuring out how to transform one into the other is one thing but taking that information and turning it into a possible treatment for obesity is quite another. >> that's exactly what the
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doctor has knots sights. he's already figured out how to turn stem cells into brown fat cells. the next step is to inject those into obese rats and hopefully watch them lose weight. eventually be he says there will be hope for humans, too. >> we collect the fat cells culture them in the lab then we will inject these cells into the same subject. >> diabetes sufferer ibrahim isn't kind. >> if you do diet and exercise, at least 70% of the people do not look like this. >> a traditional approach researchers say will always have its place, but a chance to give a helping hand and a pill shouldn't be ruled out. al jazeera doha.
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>> you can read much more about that story, as well as today's other top stories on our website, >> some leaders say a deal is close, but iran sees problems ahead. we'll take you to submitser land where negotiations are getting heated. >> for the first time in history, a sitting penalty has lost reelection in nigeria. the military man who will now lead the country faces major challenges ahead. >> arkansas now facing backlash after passing its version