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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 1, 2015 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT

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god willing, iraq will be liberated from i.s.i.l. and their crime. >> victory in tikrit. iraq's prime minister celebrates with his troops but the fight is not over. nuclear program, secretary of state john kerry continues his stay to continue negotiations. mayhem in turkey. three attacks on government buildings in two days.
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now, officials are vowing to intensify their fight against terrorism. palestine has decided to seek membership not vengeance. >> implications for israel and the palestinians. and with the new president. >> we, the grass roots we are sovereign in this country. >> nigerians are turning their hopes to the future. >> good evening i'm antonio mora we begin tonight with thousands of syrians lives in a refugee camp, many of them
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starving and with no medical carey. kim vanel has more on the besieged refugees and the ongoing violence. >> smoke rises from what is said to be yarmouk refugee camp. sounds of battle. activists say i.s.i.l. stormed the western part of the camp on tuesday, clark with anti antigovernment militias. that's the last yarmouk needed. >> remember amongst those are 3500 children and their lives are in danger. >> reporter: the palestinian refusingrefugee camp last been undersiege since 2013. women are dying in childbirth
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and children of starvation. i.s.i.l. has hit free syrian army sections before. but though i.s.i.l. has left the camp this time around, they're bound to return. >> i.s. and nusra now the other syrian opposition fighters like the free syrian army, the areas like east of yarmouk south of yarmouk south of the area. >> reporter: across the area, the syrian government is continuing its aerial bombardment. this is in the city of idlib. still using chlorine gas a
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claim damascus denies. united nations says 220,000 people have been killed in the conflict so far and the most vulnerable are often the victims. kim vanel, al jazeera. >> as the violence expands to new fronts it's becoming harder for slifns to civilians to escape. the syrian government protested the move. jordan said the border will reopen when it is safe to do so. the united nations relief and works agency says there are 12 camps housing refugees in syria. only 18,000 remain. 560,000 refugees have been living in the camps. 94% 480,000 are still there despite the war. the war forced 44% to flee to
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jordan, just yesterday the u.s. pledged more than $57 million to support palestinian refugees in syria. joining us from washington d.c good to have you with us. what do you make of i.s.i.l. striking here in yarmouk? i know force he hold some south of dmasks damascus. how threatened is the assad regime? >> this is a very scary situation indeed. it is important to know they haven't breached damascus itself, the government center of damascus which is pretty well fortified and chance he are they will have a lot of trouble breaching it if they try. however when it comes to a place like yarmouk where there are
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other rebel groups they are already a lot of pressure and they have been under siege for about three years. a lot of them literally go hungry, we are talking about fighters who literally go hungry not to mention disease and not to mention worry about their civilian families who are living among them. they are under pressure both because of the government siege because of government bombardment and also because of i.s.i.s. sometimes you get rebel groups that say you know either put their guns down or maybe pledge aleaningallegiance to i.s.i.s. just because they are tired to the situation because they don't see an end in sight -- >> because this group has been in the hands of palestinian militias who oppose the government. what is going on here? these are two sides on the syrian civil war who are fighting each other. >> not just fighting between
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i.s.i.s. and noni.s.i.s. antigovernment faction he but we are seeing fighting happening between noni.s.i.s. factions. and in the this in particular there's also a presence of quealt-affiliated japet el nusra nusra, that fend off the advancement of i.s.i.s sometimes i.s.i.s. manages to breach this. but at the end of the day this is about the weakening of structure around damascus even though damascus itself hasn't been breached. but it's ridiculously worsening humanitarian situation. in yarmouk but especially in other parts of syria. >> this is not the really more of an isolateghetto that is getting virtually no help. >> absolutely. i mean there was a time when
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yarmouk was the home of middle class palestinians and syrians there were schools and pharmacists and teachers and artists who lived there but because of the siege the situation there has deteriorated so badly that sometimes the sewage water mixes with drinking water, there's diseases, it's just -- it's ongoing and there's no end in sight. >> want to get a quick final question in. where do you see things standing in the civil war? has the coalition bombing had much of an effect on i.s.i.l? >> the coalition bombing does have a great effect on i.s.i.l. perhaps sometimes it's more psychological than anything. people often ask who is winning in syria and the only clear answer is it's clear who's losing and that's the syrian
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people at this time. >> thank you. iraq's prime minister took a victory lap as together with u.s. air strikes appear to have taken a toll on the rebels. the white house said today that the victory offers compelling evidence the strategy against i.s.i.l. is working. javal el shayel has more on the victory in tikrit. >> as iraqi soldiers hoist their flag atop buildings in the city of tikrit, the country hails this as a massive victory over the i.s.i.l. group. haider al-abadi promise he the return to normalcy as soon as possible. >> god willing iraq will be liberated from i.s.i.l. and their crime. >> the northern city of tikrit
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had been under i.s.i.l. control for several months now. it's seen as hugely strategic because it provides a gateway of i.s.i.l. stronghold to mosul where it believes the sensors are based. but the fight against i.s.i.l. is not so straightforward. as with much of iraq's conflict, sectarianism is rife. tikrit is a sunni city yet iraqi army used shia forces to enter it who in turn made their presence very clear raising flags with shia slogans. >> the pmf army now inside tikrit and it will be liberated fairly soon. >> a sign of how bloody the battle was. capturing tikrit is a major boost for iraq's army which had seemingly folded in the face of
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i.s.i.l.'s advances almost a year ago. but for many, this will not solve everything. i.s.i.l. had found some support in iraq's north because of the oppression felt by sunni residents there many of whom felt they were unfairly targeted buy shia led government and army that wanted to wipe them out. and there have already been reports that sunni homes were destroyed. jamal al shayal, al jazeera. the apparent victory in tikrit has government force he looking forward the battle to reclaim mosul. jamie mcintire has more from washington. >> one is the role of those shia militia, popular mobilization forces so-called.
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four star general in charge of the region for united states assured congress that shia fighters linked to iran would be out of the battle. but today we learned despite those statements by general lloyd awrch last awrch last austin last week, the explanation was that those iraqi shia militias were now taking their orders from baghdad not tehran. >> what the united states insisted on was an operation that was multisectarian under the command of the iraqi military. over the last few days i think this is a pretty clear piece of evidence that is -- that this strategy that we've laid out is one that has some potential in terms of driving back i.s.i.l. fighters. >> reporter: the next big objective is mosul iraq's second biggest city just 140
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miles up the road from tikrit. that offensive could start as soon as this month or next but now that seems unlikely. one thing though that does seem certain is that those shia militia, some of them linked to iran that helped in the offensive against tikrit will also be needed when the iraqi government decides to move against mosul. and again as in the case of tikrit u.s. led coalition air power will have softened up the i.s.i.l. forces before the ground troops move in. >> jamie mcintire at the pentagon thanks. more people than ever before are leaving their home countries to join groups like i.s.i.l. traveled to fight along i.s.i.l al qaeda and others. most of them end up in iraq, syria, afghanistan, the philippines, the number has increased by 71% worldwide since the middle of 2014.
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turkey's largest city remains intense tonight. officials are beefing up security after second evening of violence in istanbul. bernard smith reports the attack came a day after a hostage crisis ended with the killing of a prosecutor. >> a man and woman armed with what police call long ranged weapons approached police headquarters and started firing. killed the woman and wounded the man. he was managed to be caught. the woman was carrying a bomb according to the police forces. this comes just 24 hours after a hostage situation at the city's main courthouse where a prosecutor was taken hostage by two members of a band left wing group. they held him at gunpoint, the prosecutor was killed and those two gunmen also killed after the police stormed the room where the prosecutor was being held
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hostage. istanbul's police are saying that this city is on high alert after both of these incidents. >> at today's funeral for slain prosecutor government officials said dark forces were lind the killing. an axis of evil was trying to gain control. people's liberation front a group listed as the u.s., eu and turkey as a trosht terrorist organization. another day of talks over the iran nuclear situation ends without agreement. >> the will exists to move forward. >> can the parties put their differentials aside to find common ground. and the ramifications for the white house as the negotiations continue to drag on.
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>> in switzerland talks on
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iran's nuclear program will go on for at least one more day. officials say enough progress was made for further negotiations. >> how long are you prepared to stay here? >> well, as long as it's useful. and necessary. and we'll determine based on the amount of accomplishment that we have. >> but as simon mcgregor wood reports from lausanne, there are signs the talks may be stalling. >> you might remember the early hours of this morning there were some expressions of optimistic from javaz zariv and sergey lavrov, there was some momentum behind the process and we were hoping that by the end of the day atoday, wednesday we could get an expression of framework of understanding. that's not going to happen. when mr. zariv spoke to our
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colleague james bays, a sense that other powers are trying to put them under power. something he said to the iranian media on that issue our friends referring to the international powers need to decide whether they want to be with iran based on respect or based on pressure. i think that was a clear opportunity that mr. zariv took to come out here and say listen, these talks are not going well and not our fault pushing back on what he felt was undue pressure from the western powers. mr.steinmeier said new proposes are on the table and everyone is prepared to stay at least until tomorrow thursday. >> mike viqueria joins us now from washington and mike, secretary of state john kerry is staying in switzerland at least through tomorrow morning. what's the white house saying about whether that suggests there's still hope these talks will succeed?
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>> well, good evening antonio. you know in a situation like this high stakes end game a lot of reporters in a room all very anxious for information. so much at stake here. a lot of rumors start flying around. there are last minute gambits last minute ploys, it is hard to understand what's going on. i think that's another issue that we are all on now. another issue another delay. two days past the white house's self imposed deadline of march 31st to get an agreement here. while officials say they are making progress and that's the reason john kerry and his negotiating team have stayed on in lau san they say kerry will walk away from these negotiations if it becomes clear that iran is not serious about reaching an agreement an agreement that the white house desperately wants. what josh earnest the white house spokesman how he described the situation. >> if we are in a situation where we sense that the talks have are stalled then yes the
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united states and the international community is prepared to walk away because we've been very clear about what kinds of commitments we expect and we've been clear for those kinds of commitments for in excess of a year. >> those kinds of commitments. the white house wants as much specificity as possible antonio amid talk that iran is going for something much more vague before the june 30th deadline. remember they're operating under a regime where iran is permitted only a little bit of economic activity oil exports for example in lieu of the sanctions that stay on and the iranians clearly feel there is more room to negotiate. the white house really has only until april 13th when congress gets back. that's when there's going to be movement for more u.s. sanctions and perhaps other issues, antonio. >> because that's what's going to happen if negotiations fall apart. >> you're absolutely right.
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the white house listed those specifically today the president says he will join in congress if he's clearing the talks are not a success he will join with congress to impose more sanctions. and the last several weeks from president on down leaving on the table the military option if it ever came to that option, military strikes to take out those facilities as military facilities that already exist. >> mike viqueria in washington thank you. earlier we spoke to hans blix, head of the international atomic agency what it would mean if the talks fell apart? >> it means there would be no assurances, no commitments given by the iranian side and it will also mean that the liberal wing in iran which i mean this is also an authoritarian regime, is in power at the time. they would weaken i don't think that's anything that we would like to see. apparently we are seeing that
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iran is helping to suppress the i.s.i.s. in iraq and we don't know whether they would be very helpful in the future. they are also being helpful in the bringing about of assad to accept that he would do away with his chemical weapons. iran can be very helpful but if they are subjected to what i think they would feel is a humiliation then i think i fear i worry very much about what the attitude will be. >> ervanda berhamian is at barouk college if new york city. very good to have you professor. what is your thoughts about extension of these talks? >> the negotiators seem to have taken a vow of silence, they're keeping to that. we don't get many leaks of what's going on, what's happening. so there's a lot of speculation about what's the problems. but i suspect the problems are really on the install details that both sides have already
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come to an agreement. some months ago i think the u.s. and iran had pretty much an agreement. it was the french who threw the spanner in the works. and i think the last minute, basically, bargaining to get us the best deal they can from their side. the danger is, i think if the u.s. pushes too far that iran might walk away. but i don't think that's likely. >> because it does seem, we heard mike viqueria talking about it, we heard hans blix talking about it, that the iranians feeling they're not getting respect they are humiliated and it might make them intransigent. >> i think there's fear about the intrance gents in iran, that is mostly a bogeyman. they are committed to the supreme leader, the supreme
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leader has agreed with zariv and rouhani. >> despite his more visible comments. >> that's for internal consumption and so on. however the conservatives might dislike the deal put on the table, they are not going to go against the supreme leader. psychologically and ideologicky they captain go against the supreme letter. leader. >> we heard these comments coming out that iran wants something broad and washington saying no k no, no we need details. does that concern you that the sides are too far apart? >> they want details about how the sanctions will be done and the u.s. wants that left vague too. there are i think you can say issues that both of them have
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but i think again this is bargaining at the table, rather than actually saying, we're going to walk away. >> is it about politics? because we've got comments saying that the iranians, zariv said accusing the united states of siding with their european partners, and then the u.s. saying. >> they are tight-lipped, i would expect zariv's concern is the u.s. almost had agreed with iran and then the french problem came in. his complaint is probably the u.s. has been influenced by france or congress, and there are problems in washington rather than what's happening in the negotiations. >> if you were a betting man do you think there will be a substantial framework agreed to? >> i hope so. yes i would i would put my
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money on. yes. >> it's a pleasure having you with us. thank you. israeling appears ready to deploy a new defense system called david sling. developed with the u.s. successfully intercepted several targets mr. a recent live tests. israelis said it was meant to -- mock a possible palestinian attack. the international criminal court. elections behind them, nigerians turn their attentions to the challenges of the future.
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>> welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news, frustrated families appeal to a drug cartel to find out what happened to 43 missing mexican students. also an unusual display to help save birds. but first the war in yemen is now in its second week. the saudi led coalition today denied targeting a dairy plant where 23 workers were killed after an overnight explosion and fire. rising concerns in yemen have brought urgency for international effort to stop the fighting. russia is reportedly block anything that imposes a weapons embargo against the houthi rebels. the heaviest fighting is taking place in sanaa in the north and aden in the south. as hashem ahelbarra tells us,
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what's happening on the ground is less clear. >> reporter: this is what the saudi armies say are areas controlled by the houthis. the saudis say the houthis have acquired a huge number of weapons in the last couple of months. they worry these weapons will be used in revenge attacks against saudi arabia. all the targets are destroyed. the dairy factory became an inferno in the western town of hadaya. hit a refugee camp hitting many people. the united nations condemned the attack calling it a violation of international law. the houthis blamed the saudi led coalition for targeting civilians. accusations dismissby the coalition. >> the houthis were the ones that attacked the dairy factory.
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our sources confirmed the rockets were used in the attack. free them from militias that have dogged the country. >> reporter: air strikes have intensified in the sowrch parts of thesouthernparts of the country pnl force he loyal to ali abdullah saleh. a secessionist group says it has helped take over the southern cities's international airport and the surrounding area. the secessionists are just one of a number of groups now fighting the houthis on the ground. each has its own agenda. the players include forces loyal to president abd rabbu mansour
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hadi and his side. regaining yemen won't come easily but the region's stability depends on it. military intervention, foreigners trapped in yemen are desperate to leave. about 350 indian defense left for djibouti aboard this indian ship last night. for all those who remain, there are growing concerns about humanitarian crisis and no sign of a ceasefire any time soon. hashem ahelbarra, al jazeera. >> denouncing the houthis as aggressors. speakers at the rally accused saudi arabia of concluding with the united states against the yemeni people. president obama is commending nigeria on the presidential
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election. it is the country's first democratic transfer of power. he says he was impressed with how the people elected muhammadu buhari as their new leader. the pressure is now on for buhari to put his words into action. haru mutasa has the story. >> people would push and shove to get onto buses, for example they said muhammadu buhari took order in a military coup in 1983. now that he is back, some hope he'll bring that discipline to his new administration and tackle the many challenges in nigeria. >> now, this must stop because we are the grass roots we are sovereign in this country. >> reporter: nigeria is one of the world's largest producers
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but many don't have access to electricity. when buhari addressed the nation he called for all nigerians to unite and work together. >> this is not a time for confrontation. this is a moment that we must begin to heal the wounds and work towards a better future. [applause] >> we do this first by extending a hand of friendship, and conciliation across the whole divide. >> those who worked with buhari whether he was still in uniform said he was tough a disciplinarian and perceived to be less corrupt than others political leaders. >> they were tawn into taken into investigation and those who weren't found were left free. something was held up in the
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public square that look as a nation we cannot fall below this standard. >> but critics said he violated human rights and favored those from the north where he comes from. he says he's now a reformed politician. some call muhammadu buhari the incorruptible politician. they are ready to hold him accountable if he fails too follow through on his promises. what kind of legacy he plans to leave his people will depend on how he performance in office. haru mutasa al jazeera lagos. coming up at 11:00 p.m a united states senator under indictment. new jersey democrat bob menendez. we'll have details on the case and the senator's reaction
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coming up at 11:00 eastern 8:00 p.m. pacific. the main suspect in the murder of a russian option politician claimed his confession was forced. he told officials he was caught beaten and told what to say. he was the only one who confessed of the murder of boris nemtsov. the judge continued his detention but ruled three other suspects were illegally detaped. in context the palestinian authority officially joined the international criminal court. the icc has vowed to investigate both sides. jonah hull reports from the hague. >> the palestinian foreign minister remerged from a welcoming ceremony at the
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international criminal court in the hague yesterday. a further step to justice but it won't be quick. >> it is an anchor in which stability can be firmly established. >> do you accept this might take a long time to bring any action against israel here to the international criminal court? >> we are not going to alter the work and the mechanisms established by the icc. what we want to do is to cooperate with icc to provide whatever information available in our hands in order to really facilitate and accelerate the process of investigation committed done by the icc. >> in a preliminary examination of the facts on the ground, the prosecutors are looking at two potential areas of concern. first, israel's settlement building on occupied palestinian land considered illegal under international law and second, the actions of israel's army in the gaza war last year. it will be for chief prosecutor
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fatu ben suda to determine whether a a formal investigation should be launched and much later, whether charges should be filed. such is a happy political weight that the court will want to be absolutely certain of itself before proceeding. >> i think it is premature to speculate on the outcome of the prosecutor. but the process of analyzing all the relevant information all the relevant information the gravity of the crimes the alleged perpetrators. >> one potential problem for the palestinians is the question of palestinian war crimes. just last week amnesty international published a report into allegations of war crimes committed by hamas and other groups and the chief prosecutor here says she will investigate both sides without fear or favor. so by joining the icc the palestinian authority is taking
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action that could impact on israel and the peace process. but it could also expose palestinians to charges at the international criminal court. jonah hull, al jazeera, the hague. >> the international criminal court is looking at alleged war crimes in 18 countries all in africa including uganda, democratic republic of congo darfur kenya sudan mali. whether allegations could be elevated to full blown investigations, that includes the palestinian claims against israel in gaza, columbia, nigeria, guinea, iraq and ukraine. let's bring in al jazeera's faiza patel it's great to have you with us.
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palestinian leaders had promised this they wanted to bring charges as soon as they became members of the icc against israel. why are they backing off on that promise now? >> there's three ways a case can go forward before the icc. the first is if the u.n. security council actually refers the case and says hey icc take a look at this and this is what happened with darfur. this is not likely to happen because the u.s. has a veto in the security council. the second way is for the prosecutor to herself initiate an investigation. and when. >> -- that's already happened. >> that's already happened so that's already she's looking into the situation. and the security council can refer a case to the prosecutor, you need to look. number 2 has already happened, the palestinians could add onto that and request the prosecutor to look at the situation and
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that's what people are waiting to see whether that actually happened. >> the icc last been around for 17 years. >> uh-huh. >> very few investigations have really gone forward seriously. so is there anied likelihood any likelihood that this will move forward in the near future? >> define near. >> in the next decade. >> we have seen this for the tribunal for rwanda and these investigations take a long time. you have court investigators prosecutors sitting in the hague. all the wens are located in a far -- witness he are located in a far-way place in a conflict zone it takes them to gather all the information they need and move forward. >> could this back fire for palestinians? we heard about the amnesty international report saying
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serious are violations occurred especially with regard to hamas could this lead to charges on the palestinian leaders especially hamas? >> they can only refer the situation as a whole and already the prosecutor is looking into the situation as a whole. and i think given how politically sensitive this situation is they are going to be ultra ultracareful to look at all sides of the conflict. >> they have observer status at the u.n they have joined a number of other international treaties but they don't want anything having to do with palestinian statehood until statehood is sometime achieved, could this back fire in that way against the palestinian authority? >> it is hard to know. to change the legal facts on the
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ground right so they've obtained observer state status in the united nations guilty a intli a general assembly a couple of years ago. i don't think i'm telling you anything you don't know, doesn't seem to be going anywhere, but how that back fires i don't know. >> increased israeli settlements? >> they just announced you know a bunch of new settlements days ago. >> and israel has withheld tax funds to the palestinian authority, this is important money for the palestinians to pay their government officials and to govern in the west bank. >> that's actually i think a very realistic concern and that's obviously a risk that the palestinians have died to take, right? they new the israelis were going to do that and they did and they
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still went ahead with this. the other risk of course is that the united states may cut off aid to the palestinians and that may also be a big problem for them and there are provisions in the law that suggests once the case in the icc reaches a certain stage that aid would be cut off top palestinian authority and this could be really problematic as well. >> glad to have your insights on this thanks. in germany a certain town took a big hit in the germanwings crash. the victims were returning home from a class trip to spain. mourners packed the church and spilled out on the sidewalks promising to never forget. a massive fire on an oil rig off the mexican coast. coming up next the effort to bring the blaze under control. >> i'm fez jamile, i'll have the
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details coming up. s
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>> firefighters are battling amassive fire on board an oil platform. platform is located on the west side of the yucatan peninsula. state run pemex is mexico's largest oil producer. parents of some of the 43 missing college students in mexico are now reaching out to a local drug gang. many have lost their faith in the government's help, so they have started hang signs and passing out leaf lets. leaflet's. leaflets. some of the families don't buy the story that they
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more than 60 million receive social security benefits, imagine if the government needed to cover hundreds of millions of of people? in india they've announced just that. in tonight's off the radar segment fez jamil looks at the story. >> effective gave any thought to how -- never gave any thought to how she would support herself in retirement. >> i never gave a minute to retirement savings. >> she was able to invest in a private pension fund with the help of her employer. but for huns of hundreds of millions of others, financial security in retirement is often not possible. many low income workers rely on their children and families to support them in retirement. the government has announced its intention to launch a new
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pension initiative for these workers. it's not the first. previous governments have tried ocreate similar programs. but fiscal experts say the cost of running its successfully could significantly affect the national budget. others argue the program would come with long term benefits. >> it would keep them above poverty and make sure that their children will not need to support their parents when the parents are old. so the children will be able to devote 100% of their income in supporting themselves and their own children. >> reporter: nonprofits groups have also started pension funds for low income workers. some are warning the government not to take a one size fits all approach when it comes to low paid workers. >> all of them have income and their earning patterns are different.
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farmer gets his income twice a year a domestic worker works with someone else. >> contributing to their private pension and plan to start their own. for others, the new social security program is like to cover, fez jamile, al jazeera new delhi. >> if western leaders don't lift their sanctions soon, according to the bank's chief economist if things continue the way they are, russia's gross domestic product is likely to lower 4% this year. the u.s. and the european union say they will not lift the sanctions until there is lasting peace in ukraine. the white house says rising
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cyber attacks against the u.s. a rising emergency. the treasury department can now freeze the assets of individuals or groups outside the u.s. suspected of destructive online attacks against the united states. in january the u.s. used sanctions for first time targeting north korea after the sony hacking. mounting threats to the sounds of nature. coming up, speaking up for the song birds that are dying off by the millions. and an incredible image from space capturing the enormous violence and destruction of a storm here on earth.
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>> a global climate crisis >> two feet of sea level rise is projected... >> threatening america's coastline >> you'll see water in the streets without rain... >> now fighting back with a revolutionary new technology >> there de-watering the ground... >> this is the first time anybodies done this before >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is my selfie, what can you tell me about my future? >> can affect and surprise us. >> don't try this at home. >> "techknow" where technology meets humanity. only on al jazeera america. >> part of al jazeera america's >> special month long evironmental focus fragile planet >> astronauts on board the international space station have captured some amazing images of a powerful fine. the storm bearlg barreling towards the central philippines.
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already ravaged section he ofs of micronesia. >> in our global view segment germany's dergermany's der speaking el, a bad deal is better than none. denial of israel's right to exist cannot be overlooked but that a deal would be a step towards a quote more pragmatic policy that might one day lead us out of the spiral of threats violence and war. britain's the guardian focuses on yemen the paper writes that the hostility between the saudi arabia and iran is likely to escalate without a negotiated regional security agreement and its civilians will pay the price if no lasting solution can be found. and finally today's editorial
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cartoon in toronto globe and mail predicting an army unit being ordered to charge while trapped in a maze filled with skulls and bones. dhaings aboutchanges in an environment can provide weaknesses, drastic decline in the population of small birds. daniel lack takes us to toronto canada, where activists are finding creative ways to keep those birds alive. >> reporter: very public, not pleasant at all. but a powerful way to show how so many song birds are dying. volunteers for flap, the fatal light awareness program lay out a grizzly display of bodies, collected at the foot of skyscrapers. just a tiny fraction of those that collide with windows every
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year. these birds everywhere they turn are faced with some kind of threat badly in the urban environment everywhere they turn they can encounter a window. our compression impression upon the public this is how you can do to prevent the problem. >> many popular species have declined by 60, 70 even 80% in the past decades. buildings and glass oar major cause and scientists warn that the cost of so much loss will be far more than simply silent skies with no bird song. >> people describe birds as the most vivid expression of life but it is also important for environment. birds do tremendous good for us. they eatth sects you can't remember the numbers. to lose them we lose a little bit of themselves. >> birds hit glass because they see nature back at them.
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simply putting dots on windows help that. the founder of flach says he was -- flap says he was inspired by something he saw 19 years ago. >> i had an horrific warning that morning one escaped inside my car perched itself on my rearview mirror started to sing, fluffed its feathers out and dropped dead in my lap. that was the turning point to me that i could not walk away from this issue. >> toronto's skyline is soaring not all of these surfaces will be bird-friendly. a fatality, at least ten times worse than windows. cats. feral and tame. campaigners and scientists say unless something is done to curb that toll, the steep decline in some of nature's best-loved creatures will only continue.
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daniel lack, al jazeera toronto. a team of british scientists are using a medieval cure to treat a deadly infectious bacteria. the superbuck mrsa is immune to any antibiotics. copper garlic leek wine and cow bile seem to be a preventative. death of 27-year-old woman whose murder sparked one of the biggest protests in kabul's history. that's it for this edition of al jazeera's international hour. thanks for watching. antonio mora. "america tonight" is up next. i'll see you next in an hour.
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>> on "america tonight": >> the history books remember rosa parks single act was that she didn't give up the bus seat because she was tired. >> she was never tired. >> i think they will be surprised. >> i think they will be. >> gretchen and her