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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 2, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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decade >>...hurricane... >> we can save species... >> our special month long focus, fragile planet you are watching al jazerra live from our headquarters in doha. here is what's coming up. gunmen attack a university in northeastern kenya killing at least two people and injuring dozens of others. also ahead on the program. saudi-led air strikes forced heidi rebels to bull from the yemeni city of aden. isil fighters are pushed back from the refugees camp near the syrian capital. and learning to speak in their native tongue, how schools in bolivia are pushing indigenous languages.
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♪ ♪ we begin in ken i can't where gunmen have stormed the university in the northeast near its border with somalia. kenya's military has been deployed to the university, that's where police say attackers are hold up in student hostiles, crossing over to gentleman beauty where, mohamed ado youdow is standing by covering things for us, what are you hearing about the situation at the time university? >> reporter: the attack has been carried out by five men who were hooded. they carried out a dawn attack on the university college. just around the time muslim students say their prayers at the mosque and that's where they began the attack they are said to have fired in this community before proceeding on the dormitories where other students
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were fast asleep. and now this is one of the biggest institutions in that part of the country. teachers students, and also the workers of the university come from all parts of kenya and this might be the reason why those who attacked chose given the hallmark of the attacks have been happening in the area where people of a certain faith or from different backgrounds were being targeted for killing. now, the latest we are hearing from the police is that they have managed to push back the other tackers to one of the dormitories where they are said to be holding hostages. the military has been called n the police are also there and they have cordoned off the whole university compound and are not allowing anybody to enter or leave. >> mohamed, has there been a claim of responsibility as of yet? >> reporter: no. not yet. we have not had anyone claim responsibility for this attack. but it seems to have the
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hallmarks of attacks carried out by al-shabab and if at all it's confirmed finally that it is al thatal-shabab it shows that there is some sort of departure, you know, of the group from the attacks that we used to witness under the leader who was killed last year in an attack by the united states in somalia. the man who took over seems to be attacking more and more the northeast part of the country given the vast attacks that happen earlier a few months ago in which dozens of people were killed and also the attack at the quarry right on the border of somalia and kenya in, which also dozens more were killed just a week after the incidents in which the people were killed in the bus happened. so it seems that the attacks are becoming more and more in the
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northeast and this is mainly because it's very easy for those people from the other side of the border to mingle in because the entire population of the northeastern region is exclusively somali. and people look alike. and the border is long and porous. security forces who are manning the border also are corrupt and receive bribes from anybody want to go cross over. also the issue you of 500,000 people from somalia living as refugees just 100-kilometers away the town in the small city -- down there where half a million somalis are living. and the movement between the border which is only 80-kilometers away, and. [ inaudible ] is very quite easy. >> okay, mohamed he thank you very much. reporting from djibouti on the attack that's taken place at the university. well saudi-led air strikes
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are forcing houthi rebels back by forces loyal to the former president to pull back from the yemeni southern city of aden. the air strikes have now entered their second week. the coalition is demanding houthis surrender owe president mansour hadi is reinstated. now the latest. >> reporter: these are what the saudi army says are ammunition depots in areas controlled by the houthis. the saudis say houthi rebels have acquired a huge number of weapons over the past few months. they worry these weapons may be used in revenge a talks against saudi arabia. all of the targets are destroyed destroyed. the dairy factory became an inferno. dozens were killed. on monday evening an air strike hit a refugees camp killing many
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people the united nations can decemberred the attack calling it a violation of international law. the houthis blamed the saudi-led coalition for targeting civilians. accusations displayss dismissed by the coalition. >> the houthis were the ones that attacked the dairy factory. our sources concerned that the rebels used rockets in the attack and people were killed. houthis use propaganda to win the support of the yep own hes but they know our military intervention is to free them from militaries that have jacked the country. >> reporter: air strikes have attacked the southern part of the country. forces loyal to the deposed president and houthis are pulling out from areas there. intense ground fighting has moved to the port city of aden. a secessionist group says it has helped take over the southern city's international airport. and the surrounding area.
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the secessionists are just one of a number of groups now fighting the houthis on the ground. each has its ona general damn the players include forces loyal to president mansour hadi and various trials. the saudi foreign minister says regaining control of yemen won't come easily. but the region's stability did depends on it. the saudis are billing international support for their military intervention. foreigners trapped in yemen are desperate to leave. about 350 indian suttons left no gentleman beauty aboard this interim january navy ship last night. for all of those who remain, there are growing concerns about humanitarian crieses and no sign of a ceasefire any time soon. >> yemen's foreign minister says his government's main problem aren't the houthis but the foyer
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president sal los angeles. >> the main thing is if saleh forces stop fighting with them, i think that he will start to retreat. our main problem now is not the houthis, they are rebels, there are few they have only light we we weapons. but, being the saleh forces which have heavy artillery have all kind of weapons, they are the ones. >> joining us here on set is mohamed to talk about the situation in yemen. let's talk about this level of coordination and connection between the former president saleh and the used houthis. how much coordination is there from el sala? >> before the beginning of the saudi-left strikes we know that
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there was complete coordination we know the houthis advanced to central yemen because saleh's troops provided the cover for em them they opened the bases for them. and even sometimes gave them the military garments, the suits to put on before they entered cities. which allowed them easily to go to breeze their way in to many places in many areas. now after the strikes the two sides no matter how weak the coordination was between them. no matter how mistrust there is between them. now they find themselves in the same camp. so they have to work together. help one another. again their common enemy so to speak. it's clear from these attacks these hit and run situations around aden, it's clear the two sides are coordinating. we know there are more pro saleh troops than houthis because the houthis are not that many, they can't go to every spot in yep end and have enough men there the yemeni army, the section of the yemeni army loyal to saleh is doing the crucial job here,
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they have the heavy weapons the no how the skills, they know the area they have been in bases around aden. and the houthis are for saleh the houthises have always been the outward umbrella or the outwards aspect of the situation. he has been using them big time to achieve his goals. >> you mentioned the pro saleh units, is it surprising or is it rather expected that at this point, saleh still retains power among some army units? >> good question, because, you know the perception is that these troops are mercenaries and that saleh is pairing their salaries. yeah that's also true. he is paying their salaries, but are they actually mercenaries are are they people who are on the one hand sadies, he has been recruited only among them, so they are people not only pro saleh, they are also pro rudies. so it'size for them with help
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from saleh and the ideological orientation by the houthis they can continue to fight. >> reports now coming in that the houthis are being pushed out of aden. this is what we are hearing. what do you know about the situation there? when they are pushed back reportedly where do they go? >> the area is mountainous. the area is bushy in some areas. mountains, and also popular areas where, you know, if they put on civilian suits i don't know you can't distinguish them from the other yemenis if they change their suits you can't distinguish them f they disperse so the air strikes are not very efficient. if they actually displace in the place. this hit and run is suitable for them and not suitable for the
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allies. for the saudi-led air strikes. you need an enemy that regroups in one place, you need big bases, a big gathering of soldiers, a gathering of fighters to strike at them. but if they are disbursed then it is very difficult and it is clear from what we have seen the pattern of their behavior that they are ready to do this for a long time. they will just regroup when they see the air strikes are over and whether it's late in the night or -- and they are going in the night and do the offensive. most of the time it is a kind of punishment against the enemies in aden, people who are fighting against them. and so there is this question about centralized leadership among the pro-hadi pro-legitimacy side. we have the tribes and some army units who are fighting against the houthis but are they actually centralized? do they have one leadership? we don't know their leaders. the air strikes until there is something on the ground as seen
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in afghanistan and iraq, until there are troops on the ground the air strikes may continue for i along time without achieving the results. >> thank you very much. mohamed joining us here in doha on the set. gunmen have ambushed and killed at least five egyptian soldierses during two separate attacks in the northern sinai peninsula. egyptian security officials say the attacks also injured more soldiers and civilians. the region has seen an increase in the number of attacks against security forces since the overthrow of the egyptian president mohamed morsi. here is what's cooling up on al jazerra why nigeria's outgoing president hopes to set an example for africa and i don't understand. plus. >> reporter: i am faiz jamil in india where diarrhea caused by the roto vie us kills thousands of children every year, especially in poor areas like this one coming up we'll look at a locally made cheap vaccine that's aiming to change that.
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>> al jazeera america international news. shining a light on the untold stories. >> believe in yourself and you'll get there. >> making the connections to the bigger picture. >> shouldn't you have been tougher? >> get the international news you need to know. al jazeera america. ♪ ♪ the top stories on al jazerra. gunmen have stormed the university in kenya's northeast near its border with somalia. police say two guards were killed in the attackers are now hold up in student hostiles. the red cross says 32 people have been injured. saudi-led air strikes are forcing houthi rebels to pull back from the yemeni southern city of aden. the sought i-left coalition wants the rebels to vendor and for president hadi to be reinstated. marathon talks over iran's nuclear future are continuing in
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switzerland two days past their deadline. france's foreign minister says negotiations are close to the finishing line, but the final steps are the most difficult. world powers are trying to reach a ground-breaking deal aimed at blocking iran's capacity to build a nuclear bomb in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. our diplomatic editor james bays joining us from lausanne where the talks have been taking place. so when france's foreign minister james says that the final steps are the most difficult. what are the final steps that are not allowing them to come out and make the announcement of some sort of deal? >> reporter: well, we don't know the exact details. we know the stumbling blocks that have been there over the past couple of weeks in these negotiations. and those are about the time line of a deal. about the future research and development for iran's nuclear program going towards the end of that time line. and also about the sanctions relief. although we believe that some progress has been made on that
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last point. but we also, as well as all of that it's also argue i think about exactly what would be made public. what would be in any document that was released that we all saw. because the u.s. administration wants some concrete things in this to show to congress to try to stave off sanctions. i think the iranians want to keep the negotiations going until the final deadline at the end of june to see what more they can get in these negotiations. and i don't think they want to write down as much. i think that's one of the dynamics that's going on here. in negotiations which as you say, are going on and on and on, it's quite amazing in fact, the amount they have been meeting. overnight we had further meetings and in those meetings with the u.s. secretary of state and the iranian foreign minister they sat down effectively for about eight hours and only finishes their meetings just before dawn, just before 6:00 a.m. local time they are getting a little rest now but we
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believe the meetings will continues. it's not clear at this stage what progress they made overnight. nothing is being announced at this stage. we think it's likely, as those meetings overnight were just mainly with the u.s., the iranians and the e.u. that that some of the other countries involved were brought back in in the meetings that we are pictures to go take place short. shortly. >> so are either side feeling any pressure to concede at this point. seeing that they are two days past the march 31st deadline? >> reporter: yeah, we are past that deadline. and remember that was a very hard deadline for the obama administration. they had said there was no way we are going past the end of march. one of my colleagues was joking a short time ago here we find ourselves on march 33rd because they have gone way past that deadline here in lausanne. and i think that shows the importance for the obama administration in getting something concrete out of this. because the real deadline for
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the u.s. side is when congress returns the threat that they could be sanked. that's the 14th of april. i don't think anyone in lausanne thinks they will go that long. they are hopeful that they can try to get something in the next few days before the weekend but it's tough going. >> okay, james, thank you james bays our diplomatic editor reporting from lausanne. iraqi government force and allied groups have retaken the northern city of tikrit from the islamic state of iraq and the levant. the city was seized by isil last summer and the campaign to take it back has lasted more than a mom the iraqi prime minister visited tikrit other wednesday and promised to help displaced people return home. and isil forces in syria have retreated from the palestinian refugees camp after taking control of its western part. anti--government fighters defended the camp which is home to thousands of people.
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a report now. >> reporter: smoke riseed from what is said to be the refugees camp in southern damascus. those living nearby listened anxiously to the sounds of gunfire. activists say isil stormed the western part of the camp on tuesday, fighting with anti--government palestinian militias. it was the last thing the desperate people there needed. since early afternoon there were fierce clashes fierce clashes in the vicinity of the 18,000 civilians who were there. now, remember, amongst those are 3,500 children. and their lives are in danger. >> reporter: the palestinian refugees camp has been under siege since 2013. with tiny amounts of aid getting through. human rights groups say women are dieing in childbirth. and children of starvation. isil has fought with three syrian army around the camp
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before but was pushed out in to nearby districts. activists are concernedded that though isil has left the camp this time around, its fighters are bound to return in a bid to push in to the center of the damascus. >> there you can say besieged by the fighters and the other syrian opposition fighter like the free syrian army, islam,. [ inaudible ] the areas like east of the camp. and south of the camp. >> reporter: across the country the syrian government is continuing its air yep bombardment. this was the scene in the newly rebel-held city of idlib. activists saying the regime is still using chlorine gas a claim damascus denies. the u.s. says more than 120,000
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people have been killed in the con flick so far and the most vulnerable are often the victims. al jazerra. world leaders have been hailing nigeria's democratic spirit following the peaceful presidential poll. goodluck jonathan has been the first president to concede defeat in the election be there and he says he wants this to become part of big less is a legacy. a look back is the what may have caused advertise defeat. >> reporter: when he was elected president in 2011, many people were convinced he could physician nigeria's problems. he was the former vice president, highly educateed with a ph.d in zooology. but he inherited serious challenges. like corruption, and the boko haram crisis in the north that had been raging for two years. he promise today deal with them swiftly when i was campaigning but his chris i cans say the problems only got worse. >> the area that he did worse of all was the area of securing
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nigerians. it's a very sad thing that so many people died and it was simply a government that didn't care. but at the end of his tenure, corruption became the culture of nigeria. of course the oil sector became a al jazerra wash with corruption. >> reporter: thousands of people died under jonathan's watch and hundreds of thousands were displaced weeks before facing rehe legs the government says it reclaimed all the territories. >> president jonathan did not cause these problem. but there will always be security crisis. all the territory that his have been taken over by boko haram have been, you know, more or less taken back and the security forces ahead. >> reporter: when economy seed defeat. he said he will be remembered today seth the country on a path to true democracy.
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>> i promised free lexes and i kept my world. i have is also promised a democratic process, that is one legacy that i would like to see endure. >> reporter: jonathan will go down in history as the first sitting president in nigeria's history to lose an election and handover power. but also to have presided over the worst peace-time crisis in the country's history, boko haram. many of president jonathan afternoon old allies are now working with buhari. many people are hoping he can deliver what he has promised. abuja, nigeria. it's been more than a week since the nigeria military detained two al jazerra journalists. they were embedded with the military before they were detained last tuesday, they have been kept in their hotel since then. al jazerra is demanding their immediate release.
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u.s. democratic senator robert menendez has been indict odd corruption charges. he's accused of accepting gifts for politing the business interests of a friends he faces several charges including conspiracy bribery and fraud. the senator asserted his innocence saying that the charges were politically motivated. more details have emerged. the driver who tried to ram through the compound gates was a transgender prostitute from baltimore. ricky hall was killed when nsa police opened fire on her car a second passenger and an officer were injured. the fbi has confirmed a malaysia man they called one of the most wanted terrorists is dead. they said he was killed in a raid in the philippines in january. he is believed to be a member of an al quada splinter group and linked the 2002 bali bammings.
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mcdonald's announced its raising the hourly pay for 90,000 u.s. workers. the company says it will boost salaries by 10% start on the ground july 1st, employees had asked for 15% increase. the pay rise only applies to staff at 1500 company owned restaurants and not employees working at franchises. in bolivia spanish is promoted as the dominance of many official languages, in spied of that 10,000 people still peek inning doubling justice languages for the first time in its history bolivia is trying to promote those traditions. a report on how the policies are working in classrooms and beyond. >> reporter: a very basic conversation. but until recently spanish and perhaps english or french were the only languages taught in bolivian schools. this despite more than half of
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the 10 million population belonging to indigenous populations speaking two other languages. >> the idea is not to create an idea but fine-tune and consolidate the identity that we have. low biff vinnies have various characters, one of which is our identity. >> reporter: that search to reinforce the identity by he can arerecognizing the inning doubling toss heritage. bowbolivia for centuries that diversity was oppresss but not anymore, now us coming back and even being celebrated. at well as looking inwards bolivia is looking outward and all schools as well as spanish teach another european language, usually english. two are all right widely spoke then the home and the marketplace, is aim is to help
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nonspeakers recognize and understand at least some of what they are hearing every day. >> translator: basically, they should learn enough to go to the market to buy food. since many there are from the countryside and they speak it amongst themselves, but increasingly less, or those that speak that also speak spanish but not all that speak spanish know the other. >> reporter: those languages previously consigned to countryside are coming here with massive migration in recent years to the city in the plains high above la paz. >> the my grand here needs to know his identity and identity his language it's essential to culture and everything knows, if you don't speak your language you don't know your culture and you lose your identity. >> reporter: in the past, many people indigenous included, viewed the original languages as a sign of backwardness and implement aid three-language policy has faced obstacles.
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but martin believe that his with dialogue in spanish or any of bolivias indigenous languages those obstacles can being overcome. al jazerra, la paz bolivia. more news on our website >> tonight, wealth and power in america, the late steve jobs epitomized the ability to change the world from your garage but forget what you think of silicon valley. i'll talk to the authors of a startling new account that separates the man from the myth like never before. the titans of wall street, i'll talk to a politician, who says the bankers really run america. and a student debt strike against an institution that the government deemed too big to fail. i'm ali velshi, our special