Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 9, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

3:00 am
we are well aware of the support that iran has been giving to yemen. >> the u.s. warns iran over supporting houthi rebels as saudi-led air strikes enter a third week. ♪ ♪ with. hello, you are watching al jazerra. i am live from doha. also ahead on the program. guilty on all 30 count the surviving boston marathon bomber waits to hear if he will face the death penalty. plus president barack obama's visit to jamaica. can he convinced the caribbean to reconnect with the u.s.? and education emergency. we look at why i understand indonesia's
3:01 am
report card is so bad. ♪ ♪ hello, we begin with the war in yemen. a saudi-led campaign against houthi fighters is entering its third week. iranian warships have arrived in the gulf of aden adding to the already heightened tensions in the region iran says the ships are there as part of an an eye piracy mission. they have been and they are obviously surprise coming from iran, there are a anybody of flights, every single week that have been plying in and we trace those flights and we know this. we are well aware of the support iran is giving to generally. and iran needs to recognize that the united states is not going to stands by while the region is destabilized or while people
3:02 am
engage, you know, in overt warfare across lines international boundaries in other countries. >> intense fighting taking place in the port city of aden where rockets have reportedly landed on houses. the world health organization says at least 643 people have died and more than 200200 have been injured since -- 2,200 have been injured since inch 19th. the first medical surprise have arrived. doctors without borders says they have made it to some of the hospitals in aden. >> reporter: war planes strike houthi positions in the capital sanaa. building near a tv channel owned by the houthis was hit. the saudi-led coalition has stepped up its military campaign to prevent houthi fighters from capturing the port city of aden. street battles show in signs of
3:03 am
stopping. forces loyal to president hadi are trying to repel a push by houthi fighter to control the city. but the houthis backed by army units loyal to former president saleh hold ground. the saudi-led coalition has warned its military campaign won't stop until the houthis disband. in the meantime, iran has deployed two navy vessels near yemen, it's a move that is likely to create more tension in the region. saudi arabia accuses iran of delivering weapon to his the houthis to destabilize the region. but for teheran the ships are part of an anti piracy campaign and diplomacy is the only way to solve yemen's crisis. >> people in generally should not suffer from aerial bombard think. we need to filed a political zukauskus in yemen a comprehensive political solution
3:04 am
lead to go an inclusive government through em eny dialogue. through pima wrong yemen and we agree that you need to put an end to the fighting and to what is happening today in yemen. >> reporter: air strikes have now entered a third week. it's aim, according to saudi army officers, is to destroy military capabilities of the houthis and their allies. >> translator: army commanders and units loyal to former president saleh have told us that they have decided to join the legitimate government. they are based in a province and the coalition welcomes their decision. >> reporter: the saudis are hoping for massive as within the army to isolate former president saleh, who remains powerful in yemen. all the border crossing with saudi arabia, there are still people trying to escape. international aid agencies are
3:05 am
concerned about yemen's deity or eighting humanitarian situation. the first boat carrying medical surprise to hospitals in aden have arrived. doctors without borders say almost two-tons of medical surprise have been delivered to local hospital,. now three attacks in egypt's sinai have killed 11 civilians and two soldiers, houses in a town bordering gaza were hit by mortar fire. another missile land odd a house in another village the third attack on a military vehicle. the surviving boston marathon bomber has been found guilty by a u.s. federal jury. dzhokhar czar nigh he have was convicted on all the charges he faced which includes killing three people using weapons of mass destruction and conspiracy. now the jury will have to decide if he will face the death penalty. alan fisher reports. >> reporter: the verdict was never in doubt. as the trial began lawyers for
3:06 am
dzhokhar tsarnaev admitted that he was one of the boston bombers. it was him they said, in opening statements. now, the jury has delivered its verdict, guilt on all 30 charges, 17 carry the death penalty. but one of the victims said the jury's decision doesn't bring this to an end. >> we are all going move on with our lives and we are going to get back to some sense of normalcy hopefully when this is all done. so closure i guess i don't think so only because it's forever a part of our life. >> reporter: the defense knew they would never clear their client their intention was to save him from the death penalty. they want the jury to see him as someone who acted under the influence of his older brother tamerlan. >> what the defense team has done is that it's allowed the jury to start building trust with the defense attorneys. so that after this almost inevitable conclusion of guilt the jury will then be able to work -- to work through the
3:07 am
evidence and decide whether or not he's actually culpable to the level that he should be given the death penalty or whether he should be given the sentence of life in prison instead. >> reporter: much of the harrowing evidence of the trial has not been challenge the by the defense the prosecution case is dzhokhar tsarnaev was a violent, deadly young man who knew exactly what he was doing. but his brother, -- with his brother they bombed the marathon killing three wounding hounds the jury saw graphic pictures the injury the victims suffered, handled replicas of the homemade bombs that caused the carnage and saw picture of the blood-stained note the deft wrote while hiding. a police officer was also killed in the hunt was was joe czar tsarnaev's brother. in u.s. federal case likes this, once found guilty the injury jury must decide on the sentence but some are wored that the injury is already weighted towards the death penalty.
3:08 am
>> if you say you cannot impose the death pepping at this you are excluded from the jury f you are looking to have a jury that can express the conscience of the community and two-thirds of the community say they are opposed to the death penalty most of those potential jurors may be excused and that raises a real concern about whether the jury that ultimately gets impaneled is capable of expressing the conscience of the community. >> reporter: it's almost inning end table that the defense will appeal that, could take several years to make eights way through the system then boston can put it's a a nightmare behind it, alan fish, he al jazerra. barack obama has become the first u.s. president in more than 30 years to visit jamaica. he's meeting with jamaica's prime minister and other care caribbean leaders. the u.s. is looking to revive its influence in a region where china has expanded its economic alliances from. hero bomb applies to panama to attend this weekend's summit of the americas and there he will meet rube an leader raul castro for the first time since washington and havana announced plans to normalize relations in
3:09 am
december. now, there are growing signs the u.s. is ramping up its focus on the caribbean as venezuela scales back its oil production. our latin america editor lucia newman reports now from panama city. >> reporter: for the last 10 years the united states has watched as venezuela has gained friends and significant influence throughout the caribbean through all generous program of oil. it's donated or at least sold oil at cut race prices to the tune of $50 billion through a program. now the tables have turned. the price of oil has plummeted venezuela is deeply in debt and forced to cut its shipments to the caribbean by almost one half including to its ally cuba according to barclays bank and that's why president obama is visiting geneva, the second largest island in the caribbean he is the first american president to visit the island in 33 years. and he will be discussing
3:10 am
energy energy security the white house is keen on trying to wean away the caribbean's dependence on venezuelan oil and also wants to recover a lot of its own lost clout. president obama will also be meeting with members of all of the association of kay ryan caribbean nations but they are really probably more keen on securing their own fuel independence, they know depending on either the united states or venezuela comes with a high political price tag. two venezuelan officials sanks by the u.s. have been promoted to the cabinet. press nicholas maduro announced they will be given vice ministerial positions last month washington imposed sanctions against seven venezuelan officials accusing them of human rights violations and corruption. now greece is due to make a loan repayment of $501 million to the international monetary fund. that's according to the bail-out agreement's terms. and that comes hours off the
3:11 am
greek prime minister visited russia. moscow is offering what it terms long-term cooperation but no financial aid on the table. rory challands has the latest from moscow. >> reporter: alexis paid his respects at moscow's tomb of the unknown soldier well aware that europe is watching his visit closely. this is useful geopolitical theatre for both greece and russia. greece shows europe it has options beyond the euro zone. russia shows the even u. its unity is fragile. vladimir putin denied a greek bailout was on the cards though assistance in other forms was discussed. >> translator: the greek side has not addressed us with any requests for aid. we discussed cooperation in various soak tours the sectors of the he tonight my including energy project. >> reporter: before coming here greece had been warned not to
3:12 am
break the line of the approximated even u sanctions. russia has long complained its weak are weakness following the collapse of the soviet union was exploited by the west. now that it senses fragility within the european union at any point to throughs for its own benefits, greece is one opportunity for russia, but there are others. hungary's prime minister welcomed vladimir putina to budapest in february. he's described the e.u. sanctions against russia as like shooting one's self in the foot. then there are the far right european partys like france's front national. a russian bank with links to the kremlin has lent marin le pen's party nearly $10 million. the final figure is rumored to be far higher. >> it's opportuneism not ideology. so you can have an alliance with a right wing party like los angeles men's in france or greece but the fact is that these are party that his need friends, that need financing that need backing.
3:13 am
and at the find it more easily at moscow at a better interest rate than they do at home. >> reporter: europe may not like it but russia is certainly not the only country practicing the noneyed local cal arts of real politics as russia tries to show it's a global power once more it's doing the logical thing making friends and influencing people rory challe around, al jazerra, moscow. one. two mena kaousdz of poisoning main in london said the former russian agent may have killed himself accidentally. russian businessman said he was already ill when the two met in 2006. he says he may have unwittedly handled the radioactive material polonium 210 british police are treating his death in november 2006 as murder. much more adhere on al jazerra. when we come back, they have been forced to leave yemen because of the fighting. now these indian workers face an
3:14 am
uncertain future. plus. hopes for peace in the central african republic after rival groups sign a ceasefire deal in kenya. takes us inside the violent world of kids behind bars... will a new experimental program be their last chance? >> i have to do my 100% best so i don't end up in a place like this again.. >> al jazeera america presents... kids behind bars: a soledad o'brien special report only on al jazeera america
3:15 am
3:16 am
>> al jazeera america international news. shining a light on the untold stories. >> believe in yourself and you'll get there. >> making the connections to the bigger picture. >> shouldn't you have been tougher? >> get the international news you need to know. al jazeera america. hello again a reminder of the top stories on al jazerra. the saudi-led air strikes against houthi fighters in yemen are entering a third week, iran says it's september 2 warship to his the gulf of aden as part of an anti piracy mission the u.s. secretary of state john kerry has accused iran of providing support to houthi forces.
3:17 am
the surviving boston marathon bomber has been found guilty boo i a u.s. just i. dzhokhar tsarnaev was convicted on all 30 charges he faced which includes killing three people. now the jury will decide if he'll get the death penalty. u.s. president barack obama is in jamaica trying to attempt to wean the region from its recipients re lines on subis a surprised very swa lan oil. the war in generally has faced thousands of nationals to leave. many from the our state in india. as faiz jamil reports once they arrive home the hardship is not over. >> reporter: they cannot forget what she saw in yemen.
3:18 am
all these people that had to leave were from the same neighborhood and saw the violence first hand. >> i was working in thei.c.u. and every day i saw injuries and dead and burned bodies coming in. the whole hospital was shaking from the bombings. we all stayed in a bomb shelter and were praying we didn't think we would make it out alive. >> reporter: she and her husband also made it out of yemen. >> i had to leave everything and come here. i have over $12,000 in loans. i don't know what to do now. if things get better in two or three months, we would both like to go back. >> reporter: but it's unlikely the couple will be able to return any time soon. the government of india still focused on removing its people from yemen. >> translator: whoever wants to come back we are helping them. we have evacuated people in large numbers and we are sending them back home through planes. and then we will scale down the operation. >> reporter: thousands of
3:19 am
indians have return today worried relatives since the saudi arabian-led bombing began while their return is a happy occasion most left behind good-paying jobs they can find in india. the pima driving here now are among the last said to return to week, many talked about the difficult situation, but even though they are home now their troubles are not over. those who have returned from other recent middle east conflict zones say they are still struggling. this nurse returned from iraq last year and says she hasn't been given any help find being a new job. >> translator: when i watch these people returning from yep even on tv, i feel bad for them. i was in the same situation a year ago. nothing so far has happened for me and i don't think anything will be done for them either. >> reporter: these people say they still want to go back to yemen. >> the houthis have no problem no sir indians, they are very good with indians. and we are afraid what there is.
3:20 am
[ inaudible ] tomorrow, after the war, there is nothing, you cannot go and complain for anything when they start looting there, you know, houses. >> reporter: as their debts grow these people wonder how long they can survive sitting at home. faiz jamil, al jazerra. warring parties have signed an agreement that could end the fighting in the central african republic. from the anti-rebels and ex-president signed the deal in nairobi. kenya's president and his deputy finalized the deal. warning the two sides to stick to their end of the bargain and avoid being thrown off track by outside forces. presidential elections in sudan are due this month but many people there are afraid for voice their opinions in public it's estimated 200 people died during street protests against the government's austerity mesh nurse 2013. natasha ghoneim reports now from
3:21 am
the capital khartoum. >> reporter: an activist says he expected hits participation in peaceful protests would eventually get him arrested. he describes what happened when security forces picked him up last year. >> very poor -- >> translator: they mit me continuously, they used hands steal batons and wires for hours. >> reporter: human rights attorney says everybody the elderly aren't spared. he's defends two activists in their 70s and 80s. they are sick, impressed and facing terrorism charges. >> most of the people do not feel anything other than despair. they just see the government doing whatever it looks like. >> reporter: human rights activists say since security forces killed an estimated 200 people during protests in 2013, there has been a chill on the streets. they say the government is also targeting the media. last month, 14 different
3:22 am
newspapers were confiscated before they were distributed. in order to promote freedom of expression among activists human rights groups and journal assists the u.s. eased some of its sanctions two years ago now people can easily by american made products, like smart phones and encryption software. getting required permits for protests is the law. but admits permits are frequently denied. regarding media freedom it points to a variety i of both government and independent outlets repeatingly criticizing the president and his government. >> the freedoms of people are affected. the conditions in sudan are complicated due to the war. we need the government, the commission and international group to his come together to solve the problems. >> reporter: with the election days away, he doesn't anticipate large protests against the government, but he says that's
3:23 am
irrelevant. >> translator: the movement to destabilize and topple the government won't stop. >> reporter: activists are simply looking beyond the election. al jazerra khartoum. north korea supreme people's assembly is set to hold its first meeting of 2015. leading kim i don't think un is expected to appoint new members of the national defense commission and the cap natural. the assembly with 687 members meet in the capital just twice a year their main task it "america tonight" to approve the budget and other decisions made by the ruling party. the united nations has released a new report on the state of education around the world. it evaluates goals set 15 years ago to achieve primary education for all. subsahar an africa is one of the success stories. 84% of its children are expected to be enrolled in school by the
3:24 am
end of the year. but as many as 58 million children around the world are still being kept out of the classroom. indonesia's education minister says the school system there faces an emergency. less than half of the teachers have proper qualifications and students score among the lowest in the world in reading mathematics and sign tests step vaessen went to west java to discover why. >> reporter: a few hours from the capital jakarta and schools are in a deplorable state. holes in the roof, buildings half finishes, putting children at risk. first java decided to build their own school after the government refuse today provide one, money ran out before they could even finish it. many are out of school before entering high school now that's one of the teachers. >> my main problem is understand the learning material it's hard for me to explain things to the
3:25 am
children. >> reporter: the school's principal says only once a school inspector visited the village but never any funding was provided. >> translator: why do i keep trying although my means are very limited? the reason is i really want to help these children. they are also indonesians. we have been living in an independent country for many years, but still children are learning and living like this. the government should really pay attention. >> reporter: to reach the school the principal walks every day more than two hours a road has yet to be built. the school system has been in cries face many years and this is the reality due to a lack of proper school buildings and professional teachers indonesia's workforce is among the least educated in the region. in the past decades indonesia has successfully managed to reduce ill literacy and increase school enrollment but a newly appointed minister of education
3:26 am
admits quality of both primary and secondary education is still very poor. he says he wants to train 1.7 million teachers in the next five years. fating what he calls an emergency he asks parents and business leaders to help. >> i would like to call upon the business community to jump in and help us. the business community is the recipients of our education product. the graduates are our schools are going to be the private sectors, so we are calling the private sectors to jump in. >> reporter: education activist says say the government should do more to tackle this emergency. they are asking the president to step in. >> translator: our school system is facing an emergency. and something needs to be done fast. so if the government talks about an emergency what concrete steps do they want to take? we need a huge emergency room to fix this. it can't be done sporadically
3:27 am
anymore. we need a nationwide effort. >> reporter: many teachers are paid only 100 to $200 a month like this teacher in west java. the government says more money has been made available for the salaries, but teachers need tomorrow prove their qualities too. the future of 50 million indonesian school children is in their hands. step vaessen, al jazerra west java. thousands of patients in peru are hoping the courts will allow them to have access to nonbranded generic drugs known as bio similars, they are supposed to produce the same results as more expensive versions. mary an a sanchez reports from the pa rao*u prove vinnie capital lima. >> reporter: carlos' life is on a countdown. his colon cancer has expanded to his liver. doctors hem him the only chance to live longer than two years may be with a biologic medicine treatment. >> translator: the problem is i am being treated in a public hospital and they are telling me that they can't give me the
3:28 am
treatment because it's too expensive. >> reporter: the 50 doses of biologic medicine he needs costs more than $20,000. but the bio similars, mainly produced in india china or south korea cost at least 30% less. carlos and thousands of cancer patients like him can't get them either because many bio similars can't be sold in peru. a group of international pharmaceutical companies who produce biologic medicine have presented an en junction in court to restrict sales of some bio similars already in the pa peruvian market and ban the registration of new ones. >> translator: we don't want the state to give a green light to products that have no proven safety and effectiveness. >> reporter: but critics say many of those drugs have already been certified by the u.s. food & drug administration. they say the pharmaceutical heres are only protecting their patent at the state's buyer agency try pun tribunal.
3:29 am
>> if we were absolutely sure that this agency white sox reliable not allowing itself to be pressured by lobbyists then we will feel comfortable. but that is not the case. it's been proven that their decisions are biased in favor of others. >> reporter: as a result, peru's main healthcare system is hard hit. if they buy 75% of all oncology medicine and treats 95% of all cancer patients in the country. the high costs of biologic treatments have pushed the system to the brink of collapse. critics say for the first time here a healthcare policy is in the hands of judges and not medical experts. as a result, the state is prevented from buying medicine at low cost in order to treat more patients. a verdict that may allow bio similar sales is months away. carlos is now in to his second year with cancer. he says that whether it's biologic or bio similar he
3:30 am
needs the medicine sooner rather than later to have a fighting chance at life. al jazerra lima peru. and a reminder as always there is lots more on our website get the latest on all of the stories we are following there. where the police guilds can trump the skin color of the men and women who wear badges. i'm david schuster in for ali velshi. the cost of injustice begins. >> the bigger challenge how to make good decisions under