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tv   News  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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close to a deal, iran and six world powers are due to make an announcement on limiting iran's nuclear program. ♪ ♪ hello, this is al jazerra live from doha. also ahead on the program. burning anger greeks react to the bailout agreement with the european union calling it catastrophic and humiliating. iraqis used to come here for their poll hollidays now this resort town has turn ed in to a refuge for families escaping the fighting. debate over polygamy, we
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report on why somewhat the want decriminalized in the u.s. ♪ ♪ hello, it appears a historic nuclear deal with iran will be announced in the coming hours we are expecting a joint statement from iran's foreign minister and his e.u. counter part. they are now finalizing the pact with other world powers in vienna. let's go straight to vienna now. joining me is our diplomatic editor james bays, james, this is something -- this is part of a process that has been long-time coming. plenty of stumbling blocks along the way. what do we know at this point about the deal and what we can expect over the next few hours? >> reporter: i think finally and i will be a little cautious here that the deal is effectively done. formally it is not done until all the foreign ministers sit
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around the table and formally ratify it. behind the scenes they have been working all night long, i think that they have a text that everyone is happy with. there could be a last minute problem, a last minute glitch. but i think that's now unlikely. as they have now announced formally that we are going to have a meeting, which is going to be an hour and a half from now. with all the foreign ministers seven foreign ministers involved. and one side the p5 plus one the countries that have been negotiating with iran remember. the five permanent members of the u.n. security council as well as germany and on the other side the iranians, that meeting we believe will at least be part be televised live pictures of the meeting take is place. if they have done a deal it's a historic deal, which is supposed to limit iran's nuclear program only to civilian use. and in return, the deal for iran is those crippling sanctions of going to slowly be reduced. the timing of how they are going
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to be reduced that is one of the key stumbling blocks in all of this. and they have been trying to work out and finesse between the two sides. >> yeah, and james they say the devil is in the details. what are some of the potential hurdles in all of this? >> reporter: well, the whole lifting of sanctions and the whole lifting of iran's arms remember barring owe which was one in the u.n. sanctions on the nuclear program but yearly the arms embargo covers all sorts of conventional weapons as well as any nonconventional weapons. as well as iran's miss aisles which, of course, straddle both because missiles could be used to deliver a nuclear weapon, but clearly missiles have a much wider use. so those are continuer very shall areas as is the issue of access because the police force for all of this will be the part of the u.n. called the iaea, based here in vienna. they will send in inspectors to
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make sure iran is complying. where will they be allowed to go? we are hearing they will be all al jazerra loud to go to military sites but with advanced warning with advanced arrangement with the iranians this may be controversial on capitol hill. one more thing we think will be controversial on capitol hill is that we are hearing that the other thing they have been negotiating in tandem with this deal is the u.n. security council resolution, because that is needed to lift the sanctions. the only way you can remove previous security resolutions which put the sanctions in place is with a new resolution. that has been negotiated here. and we are hearing that it's likely that they will try to get a vote on that resolution this month at the u.n. in new york. now, that could cause problems on capitol hill in congress because there is 60-day congressional review which will start in this process. so if the u.n. approves this, ratifies it, makes it international law will have
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congress is finished looking at it i am sure there are some senators and congressmen who will be unhappy with that. >> indeed. for the moment, james bays live in ian a on that likely imminent iran luke lahr deal. once begin warning about a deal is benjamin netanyahu. >> prepreventing the islamic public of iran is from building nuclear weapon is his the paramounts challenge of our nation. this is not about partisan politics, this is about survival, this is about our few he friends israel and the united states are stronger when we stand together. our alliance is based on the common bonds we share. stay with us for the latest on nuclear deal. we'll give you all the information as and when it happens. now, to greece and hundreds of anti-austerity protesters rallied outside the greek parliament in athens on monday
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night. the protests were staged by greece's small left wing anti-' taillightist party. one protester burned the other party's flag outside party saying the leftist leg government had reneged on its preelection saying to end austerity. >> translator: expected it. within the eurozone there is no where we could get anywhere. they are gangsters financial murderers, there was no way. >> translator: ref agreement. one word, retched and treacherous. the greek people voted for something different and were presented something different. they are closely ignoring us that he do whatever they want no matter what we vote. >> to more on how the deal is playing out in greece, john is live for us from agent edges what, can we expect to see then? >> reporter: hello. well, today we know that the
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party bureaucrats are in conference to decide how to handle the vote that's coming up in the next 48 hours. in the course of the day we beckets toexpect to see two things happen, first of all a meeting of the parliamentary block. 149 members of mar lament. the prime minister has to massage them no nba to shape and get them to tow his party line the fewer deflections he suffers the less weakened the government will be by this divisive and controversial bill. the secretary thing expect to happen to todd is the bill will be sent to parliament at that points we'll look at all the measures that will be voted. we do know what from the agreement what's expected to be passed on wednesday, there are measures to make the pension system more sustainable, there are measures to broaden the tax base for v.a.t. and other measures that involve interrupting any possible deficits that might happen through an automatic mechanism. it's going to be a
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nondiscretionary mechanism now in the greek financial legislation that will prevent future finance ministers from making big holes in the budget come what may. >> it's going to be -- >> reporter: these are just up front actions. more will obviously follow. >> absolutely. and, john, i was going to ask you as we, just how difficult is it going to be to sale this not only to the greek people but to parliament? what are the chances that these measures will pass? >> reporter: that's the question, really isn't it? what you saw on the square there, was really internal greek politics. all of the parties of the left. and there are many in greece, several marxists and lennonist parties here are now vying for the votes. because they are sensing that they are beginning to lose their credibility as a true party of the left. it hasn't broken with the european forces of capitalism, hasn't gone against austerity
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it was in the end prevailed upon in order to keep greece in the eurozone it's beginning to enter that mainstream of greek political party who his have been hammered by vote force following these austerity policies. the communists were on the square a couple of days ago as you saw and they were demonstrating against austerity politics and these sorts of deals now others may follow. the point is this, they know they are going to shed its far left wing at some point. its internal opposition, it's back benchers are already saying the agreement should be withdrawn that grease has another alternative did & that this amounts to economic murder by the germans and other tread tours that is going to i think grow that voice of opposition within the party up to a head tomorrow night on wednesday night when we have the vote and whentheday after dead pending on the
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level he have deflection that his the party will i think effectively split apart. how big the split will be will be the question. one government minute star a cabinet minister has already resigned. he belongs to the far left, the so-called left platform. we may see more high-level cabinet deflections in the next 24 hours or so. >> indeed a tough sale ahead for the greek government. for the moment john joining us live there from athens. now, iraqi forces have suffered heavy losses after launching its new offensive against isil. at least 81 soldiers and pro-government fighters have been killed during attacks in and around fallujah city in anbar province. four civilians were also killed. isil fighters targeted military positions in residential areas. shia fighters, government forces and uniforcesand ubeforcesand sunni tribes men are involved in the operation. the army says it's made some gains and moving towards romadi
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which fell to isil two months ago. a new report by the u.n. says nearly 15,000 people have been killed in iraq during the 16-month period to the end of april this year. it says 30,000 others have been injured. jane arraf has traveled to anbar province where more than 20,000 people have sought refuge in a makeshift camp. >> reporter: this used to be iraq's nicest holiday resort. less than an hour's drive from baghdad a generation of iraqis holidayed at the tourism city. after it was built in the 1980s. but with fighting in anbar province over the past year, it has become a refuge of last resort. for 24,000 iraqis trapped by the conflict. and they are still coming to what aid officials describe as the worst displacement camp in iraq. he says almost 200 families have arrived over the past two days
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from nero mad near ramadi. he doesn't have much to give them. >> translator: in addition to being displaced there are no resources this camp is far away from the cities. it slows the efforts of organizes and makes it very difficult to reach here. >> reporter: a $15 million project to restore the hotel and chalets started and stopped three years ago. leaching only the roofs and walls. there are people living everywhere. this is actually a disco. nine families live in it now. the hotel had an indoor and outdoor swimming pool, a cinema, restaurants, tennis courts, a boat launch, it was considered one of the nicest hotels in the middle east, in fact, a lot of the people who are here now who have taken refuge here, used to come on vacation, the former 5-star hotel is now six stories of misery. most of its residents are from fallujah. they have lived here for more than a year without i electricity or running water. sewage leaks on to the roof.
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this family came 18 months ago after their house and shop were destroyed. when he has money he pays for power from a generator. when the children get sick from the heat and the dirty water he says there is no medical care. >> translator: there was no other place we could go. there are people with dollars go to erbil or outside eye rook. they don't know what it's like. only the poor would can't find any other place come here. >> reporter: but the latest arrivals are even worse off. ali and his family walked seven hours through the desert. after mortar bombs hit their neighborhood. they have been here for three days. there is only one mattress. everything here is so expensive they rely on charity for food. but it's when ali recalled happy memories here with his friends that he breaks down. all of that is gone, he says.
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s in other countries people dream of big achievements, iraqi just dream of security. but security has been illusive for many here this is a painful reminders of how quickly things fall apart. jane arraf, in the tourist village, iraq. we are going to take a quick break now, but when we come back, hopes for democracy after 50 years myanmar prepares for november's parliamentary elections. plus. >> reporter: i am faiz jamil where a national ban on a popular noodle product that was found to contain led has caused hundreds of workers here to lose their jobs.
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hello again. the top stories on al jazerra it appears a historic nuclear deal with iran will be announced in the coming hours, we are expecting a statement from iran's foreign minister and his e.u. counterpart who some been finalized the pact with other world powers in vienna. greek prime minister alexis tsipras is back in athens trying to rally support for the key bailout deal. but face a tough test to sale the pack tomorrow his only government and the greek people. iraqi forces have lost many in a new offensive. 81 soldiers and pro government soldiers have been killed during tacks in and around fallujah city in anbar province, four civilians were also killed.
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lets gets more now on the top story and the land mark deal with iran coming after decades of condemnations and sanction on his iran over its nuclear program. since 1970 it's been party to the treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. but in 2006, iran announced it would start enriching uranium and it's program sped up quickly. it has three enrichment facilities and i don't sites housing nearly 20,000 centrifuges but iran has always maintained its nuclear development is for peaceful purposes. let's get more on this now from teheran. i am joined by political analyst, thank you for being with us. now, obviously we don't know the details of this imminent deal at this points. but the main issues have been there. what are people saying about it in iran? what's the likely reaction there there? >> well, the psychological warfare is finally over.
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wished con garage the americans not the iranian on negotiating partners because the americans successfully managed to manufacture an unnecessary crisis and now they are taking credit for resolving it. a crisis that never existed in the first place. or rather threat. now that eye iranian government and the people are buying this psychological warfare. they have come to the conclusion that from now on the morning after iran will turn in to paradise. that's why we are expecting huge number of people, in fact, millions taking to the streets to celebrate this historic moment. and the biggest problem is that the interior ministry, even the police are buying this manufactured crisis and the resolution, they are also coming along with the people and have also said they will be part of this huge nationwide celebrations. but let's make no mistake, this is just the beginning. it's a difficult situation and the story has only just begun.
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we have to wait and see what the americans will do next. especially what congress will do next. the deal is not over yet. >> let's talk about the main issues particularly the ones that iran was in disagreement on, the issue of sanctions being lifted. and when those sanctions those economic sanctions would be lifted. what are people saying there about the time frame of that, when they would expect that to happen and what the effect of that has been on the iranian economy. >> well, that's an interesting question. iran's economy is in ruins. people's purchases power is down the drain the production sector is dead and nonexcess noni can sit tents. nonexistent. the biggest mistakes that made especially rouhani they promise today fix the economy. make no mistake power is local. iran's economy suffers from
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mismanagement and mismanagement of resources and, of course, the sanctions regime. so if they have promised that they are going fix that thing from now on, we have to wait and see. i think it is too early to celebrate. i think this deal came too little and it is too late already. we should have had it on the table 15 years ago when the region was not ungulfed in violence and flames when we didn't have the wars in syria. when america wasn't bawrchg result when europe had a funking economy now they are all bank result. in i doubters should ask greece they couldn't fix that economy. they are not going nix our economy any time soon we will have to problem for 10 years. >> good to speak with you. joining us there in teheran. tanks no your time. myanmar's president says he has not yet decided whether to seek a second term in office,
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elections are four months away but preparations have already begun, it's the first open vote since decades of military rule ended in 2011. florence lou a reports. >> reporter: opposition parties are going door to door to verify the voter list. the election is four months away and there is a sense of urgency. >> translator: there is little difference between the former military regime and today's government. >> reporter: from the national league for democracy or n.l.d. which is predicted to win big in the november polls. it says an error free voter list is one of its main concerns now. just recently, two n.l.d. members were charged with trespass while carrying out a verification exercise. they used the charges as a warning not to consider the exercise. the last time the n.l.d. won as election was in 19 nineties led by the opposition leader.
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burr the military rulers prevented the party from taking power. the coming election will be the first under a semi civilian government which took over in 2011. the president, who is a former army general has vowed to try to carry out the free and fair elections. but the constitution is still heavily weighted in favor of the military. they are guaranteed 25% of parliamentary seats. any constitutional amendment requires 75% support from m. ps giving the military an effective veto. parliament recently rejected a proposal to remove the veto among other calls for constitutional reform. the opposition leader says it's a minor setback. >> the people are with us and what has happened in the legislature has, in fact, raised the interest of the people in this issue. >> reporter: others are not so forgiving. students have protested the military's continued involvement in pour ticks.
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>> translator: looking through the voter list we have found that lots of people are not on it. >> reporter: shortly after the demonstration, he was arrested and remains in police custody. others have gone in to hiding. political analysts are more pragmatic. they pictures the military to continue to wheeled some sort of power after the elections. >> there will be some military representative in the parliament for some extends the time. but we may take time, you know, to reduce the military personnel in the parliament. >> reporter: but the pace of reform will be set by whichever party wins the next election. florence al jazerra. hundreds of contract work nurse india have been laid off after a ban on popular brands of instant noodles. samples made by its swiss maker nestly were found to contain led and taken off the market. faiz jamil networkers in the
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state. >> reporter: for the past six years, 30-year-old has been employed as a contract worker nearly every day at the local nestly plants. now he spends a lot of his time at home. waiting to hear if he will work another@another plant at least if a day. last month several samples of the noodles tested positive for led and m.s.g. a chemical used to enhance flavor. a country wide ban shutdown production and ended the employment of hundreds of contract workers. some have found other work. but the lack of eye regular salary has hit people, including he and his family hard. >> translator: it's really bad. it's causing so many problems, my kids school are opening soon how am i going to pay the fees. other jobs don't pay as much. >> reporter: after the lay off some workers left here for their home villages in other areas to save on rent. but officials say the local
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economy has not been affected as much. >> translator: there are about 100,000 workers here in different companies. so 1,100 doesn't have much of an i want pack. and they live throughout the area. so there is no specific area that has been greatly affected economically. >> reporter: some worn that even if the layoffs are only being felt by the workers now it could hurt the company in the future. nestly declined an on ram ca interview but in a statement said it's trying to find alternative work for the people who have lost their jobs as well as dealing with the ban on their product, business experts say this situation with the workers is only add to this company's image problem. analysts say other companies in similar positions have dunmore to protect their workers. >> sometimes give people paid holidays put them in training i am sure nestly would have to spends many, many times more to restore the faith of its employees in the company as a
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brand. >> reporter: despite what's happened. he says he will happily go back to the nestly plant if production starts again. because it have the best paying job in the area. with a 90-day ban of the noodles he worries the wait could be a long one. supporters of polygamy in the u.s. say they want it to be legalized. they argue the recent backing of game marriage by the supreme court strengthens their cause kimberly halkett reports. >> reporter: for 17 years in east central texas andrew has been raising his six youngest children with their three mothers. ann, cheryl and jenny in nba what they call their plural family. >> we have four parents it helps it thens share the load. >> reporter: polygamy is not legal so he's married zero just
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one of his three partners, but they are hoping that could change. >> having know redefined what we thought marriage was it seems they have opened the door to other people making other choices. in judge the highest court in the u.s. legalizes same-sex marriage expanding the definition i don't understand just the union of a man and woman to include other less traditional a imagine little, plural families argue that definition should also include marriage between more than two people. >> if you can allow two men or two well, you know, to be, quote, married i think that i should have that same right. >> reporter: that argument is gaining support. >> we are a plural family. >> reporter: a montana man recently applied for a marriage license to legalize his relationship with two women. arguing if marriage equality is grant today same-sex companies it should also apply to polygamist unions, it's a view challenged by same-sex marriage
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advocates. >> all the evidence that we have concerning plural marriage shows it's inconsistent with gender equality, given what we know about plural marriage and given what we know about same-sex marriage they should be treated very differently. it seems to me by the law. >> reporter: but these women bristle at the suggestion their level arrangement somehow puts them at risk. >> if anything, i would say my husband has given me more respect, because of my decision. i was not forced in to this. i love this life. i wake up every morning grateful happy fulfilled and in more ways than i ever thought possibleism empowered as a woman. ♪ ♪ >> reporter: a decade ago just 5% of americans approved of plural marriage. compared to 16% today. it appears to indicate that although it remains illegal tolerance in the u.s. is rising.
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kimberly halkett, al jazerra eastern trail texas. and a reminder that you can keep up-to-date with all the news on our website any time, get the latest on all of the stories we are following. i'm ali velshi. "on target" tonight, the big squeeze, how the pain of sanction he drove iran to the negotiating table. plus, rescued again, greece gets a debt deal but not everybody's happy about it. no deal yet, the united states iran and five world powers have hobbled through yet another deadline in the nuclear talks. that's where we stand 20 months after the