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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  July 18, 2015 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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al jazeera america. >> a car bomb attack kills a hundred people during celebrations in iraq. hello and welcome to al jazeera. also ahead the u.s. and saudi arabia meet to discuss the new iran nuclear deal. germany's parliament gives the go-ahead for talks with greece on another bailout package. and more than a half billion muslims join festivities as they
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mark the event on saturday. more than a hundred people including children have been killed in a car bomb in iraq. about 30 kilometers northeast of baghdad happened at celebrated the start of eve. they overran large parts of the country. three days of mourning has been announced. we have the latest from baghdad. >> they have been expecting an attack like this. they didn't realize that this would be the kind of attack that would see as much people as we have seen killed and injured. to put it in context, we have to go to the years 2006, 2007, 2008, iraq was at the height of sectarian violence. whenever isil or al qaeda came
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under pressure, there is an operation against them, what they would do is mount attacks outside the area they were under pressure, to say we can mount these kinds of attacks. the attacks began at 5:00 a.m. they were under tremendous amounts of pressure. this is likely to be isil's response. they are under premendous amounts of pressure. we still have the capability of attacking you. the iraqis were expecting an attack like this. the size of this attack though will confirm many. this was a place where people would have been out to celebrate the end of ramadan to buy food, get ready to celebrate the time with their families.
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it was a key target for isil. what the iraqis have to think about is how much the fight is worth to them. they need to keep fighting and putting on the pressure knowing that there is historic precedence for this when it comes to isil and al qaeda in iraq being able to mount attacks elsewhere. this is a tough fight for the iraqis. and they were expecting this, but the size of this attack will shock a lot of people. >> syrian kurdish fighters say they were aim of attacks. there was a shelling of a village on the 28th of june. there was a sufficient case and burning of the eyes. it's unclear whether chlorine or some other gas was used.
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in yemen, there is a number of rebels killed in the south. a local armed resistance group said dozens were captured at the the palestinian group hamas says its leadership will be holding talks. the latest sign of a softening of relations. the relationship with saudi arabia is complicated. they had historical ties.
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relations soured after the deal with hamas fell apart. another complication with the close ties with the chief rival iran. that relation has been strained by the refusal to support the allyies. meanwhile, saudi arabia has welcomed tuesday's landmark nuclear deal with iran. that's according to the white house. that view was expressed during the meeting with president barack obama. >> the officials tell me both u.s. president barack obama met for an hour. the white house put out a statement that said both countries welcome the joint plan of action. basically the iran deal. the white house signaling they have the endorsement of saudi arabia. what we know is that the king of saudi arabia asked the president
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personally to take this meeting. they want to iron out the details. they want more than assurances, they want military equipment. they are providing special training for the special forces and also helping them build a missile defense system. that's what they have been talking about. we don't know what the u.s. promised to sell to saudi arabia and the other gulf countries. we should get a better sense when the u.s. secretary of defensively travels to the region. >> >> the visit by foreign minister having this in-depth discussion with president obama for over an hour means the saudis want to be
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compensated for what they see as a u.s. shift to include iran in a positive way in u.s. strategy toward the region. compensation package they look for and got from the president was an agreement for more weapon sales, more intelligence cooperation and more of a political understanding between the united states and saudi arabia. it will stand because the iranians have handled this in a smart way diplomatically. they received an assurance that the u.n. security council will endorse and make legally binding this iran deal. the u.n. is supposed to vote on monday to do so, to make this deal legally binding not just on iran and the united states, but the entire world. the deal should last. even if a republican president doesn't like it, he will have
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limited options to role it back or repeal it. >> to germany where the parliament has given the go ahead to negotiate a bailout for greece. we have more on the developments from berlin. >> reporter: less than a week after the marathon talks that pavedded the way for a bailout they were asked for its opinion. the coalition government's huge majority means legislation is easily passed. but not this time. friday was angela merkel's 61st birthday. her thoughts were on the present and potential for a rebellan among her own supporters. accordingly, she sought to soothe the fears of those who did not want more money to go to greece.
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>> translator: i know there are many doubts that this will be successful and if greece will have the strength. but one thing, we would be acting with gross negligence if we don't at least try this. >> reporter: but there is a vocal minority who is opposed to any more austerity to be imposed on greece. they say it represents a public affront to public opinion in greece. >> chief among the opponents opponents he says it would be the end of democracy in greece. >> translator: the greek government needs permission from the imf and ecb. only after this can they discuss it. then they need another permission to bring it before parliament for a vote. that is the factual be a bow list of the democracy that you have organized.
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>> but in wider society, there is growing unease about germany's continuing financial commitment to greece. recent opinion polls suggest three-quarters of germans do not trust the current government in athens. >> translator: i don't trust them much. if you take the last little incident into consideration, i feel sorry for the greeks, but it's hard to sort out. >> translator: i must say i doubt what has been agreed on will be honored. >> that is a doubt clearly shared by 69 members of the ruling coalition. they failed to vote for this enabling proposal. but more than two-thirds of the card did support it. now the government will flush out the details of the bailout before bringing the ensuing document back for final approval. >> an economics professor at new
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york security stern school of business says the eurozone's inherent flaws hasn't helped. >> the euro was set with a set of rules. the biggest country willing to stick with it is germany. there are finland and netherlands that can push hard for the strictness of the rules. the real problem i think of the euro is that if greece gets a deal that is way far off from the rules then other countries are going to demand the same. and very soon the rules will be completely different. that's the real problem. the euro was premature. there is no tax union, there is no transfer union in the european in the eurozone. so because of the euro and because the countries don't have flexibility to change their exchange rates, more or less they have to grow and the
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product activity has to grow at the same pace. you can have big be aer raises like greece where the productivity did not grow where holland and germany grew a lot. these are inherent problems of the euro t means that it's difficult and needs a lot of management. >> still to come, how a unique center is sparking debate about censorship and one step at a time how high altitude is bringing relief to isolated villages. do before what they ask me to do. >> can a family come together? >> do you think that you can try and accept me for me? >> life changing moments. >> my future is in my hands right now. >> from oscar winning director alex gibney.
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a ground breaking look at the real issues facing american teens on -
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>> good to have you with us. these are the top stories on al jazeera. more than a hundred people have been killed in a suicide car bombing at a busy market in iraq northeast of baghdad. isil says it was behind the attacks. president obama has met saudi arabia's minister to discuss a deal with iran. and germany's parliament has given the go-ahead to negotiate a third bailout for greece. a two-thirds majority voted for the bailout. china says four people have been shot dead by police in the southwestern province r it's
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accusing them of being fighters. there were among 553 who tried to leave the country. they are being forced to flee persecution. many travel through thailand to turkey where they have strong cultural links. we have the story of 109 deported from thailand last week who china says are threatening security. >> a new home where they can freely practice their religion. they settle into the city in central turkey. they come from a region of western china. >> translator: we were oppressed. we had to hide our face. we had to run through a difficult forested path. some people didn't make it and died. some abused by smugglers.
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>> many of the women had to leave their husbands behind. >> translator: we don't know where they are thailand or china. we don't know if they are alive. if they headed to china it's better to kill them. the chinese know how to torture. >> reporter: they had to leave china because of economic discrimination. >> translator: in january 2015 all types of worship were constitutionally banned, all symbols of the muslim faith even have a kuranic verse in
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your mobile phone was a threat. >> they go to turkey and head to the holy wars in syria and iraq, receive terrorist training and bide their time to return. turkey grants protection because of the heritage. they dress and eat as they would, a few trappings of home, except that here they say they are free of persecution. >> sir robertson is the deputy director of the asia division of human rights. he explains why china was taking such severe action. >> china is using allegations of terror to justify detention and criminal prosecution. we believe that part of the reason that the chinese are so concerned is that these people
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are taking with them information about how the chinese authorities are treating them. they are reporting about ethnic discrimination and religious oppression. they are talking about the cultural suppression that the chinese authorities have perpetrated against them. this is information that china doesn't want to get out to the world community. they see these people escaping as a problem for the chinese state. >> muslims are mark can the end of ramadan. they began with the sighting of the new moon. muslims in other parts of the world observe it on friday because the crescent moon appears on different days in different regions. people squeezed on to buses ferries and trains to return
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home for the celebrations. there was another course of celebration in iran, they coincide with the announcement of a nuclear deal between tehran and world powers. within the last hour iran's supreme power has been weighing in on that deal. he said iran sees the production and storage nuclear weapons as unislammic. a 6.9 earthquake has struck near the solomon islands. it was reported at 7.5 but was later downgraded. the pacific tsunami warning center said waves are possible along the coast. the u.s. wildfire shut down a
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major highway in california. the blaze broke out along the main route. burnt there 20-hectares of bush. dozens of cars were abandoned on the highway as people tried to escape the fire. people have joined the united nations to carry food to mountainous regions. from central nepal. >> in the district, they have gathered for the day's work. they carry food and items for the u.n.'s world food program. many of them have been without jobs since april's earthquake which killed thousands of people. he was a porter with the agency
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before. >> translator: my house was destroyed. we cannot afford to sit around, we need to work. >> more than 7,500 porters have been employed in the program. the association has been handling the logistics. >> we are not doing other activities just supporting it through the human transportation. >> these porters are going to walk for three days and cross a 3500-meter pass to a village. they earn $15 a day to carry 30-kilos. from the air landslides appear like scars on the mountainside. the team has to fix the trail as they walk. most of the houses in this village have been damaged. the village has always had
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problems with food. the main crop has been decimated by some kind of an insect which has made them completely reliant on food distribution. we saw the plantation. >> translator: after the earthquake, some kind of insect started eating it up. lo what it did. >> he tells me that they use fertilizer. it should have been ready by now. while the fields look lush, it's still not well formed. more than 200 metric tons of food have been carried by porters to 83,000 people living in villages like these. recovering from the earthquake. >> australia is home to an
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estimated 300,000 wild cattle, farmers are calling for culling because the numbers are getting out of control. >> the camel cut is a highlight of australia's camel calendar. the atmosphere is festive and the racing is competitive. >> they love to run. he just goes. >> most riders are experienced. but a few first timers compete as well. >> unusual things in this job. but riding a camel in a race? this is special. >> camel racing isn't much of a business. most celebrated here, the camel is far from universally loved. >> this is a unique and special event. away from the race track camels in australia are controversial subjects.
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>> camels were first brought to australia in the 1800s to carry questionment across the desert. when motorized vehicles replaced them, they were released. a million were roaming the outback. >> we had problems with the camels a lot of damage to infrastructure. which meant that we couldn't run our normal beef management programs. >> between 2009 and 2012, australia's government paid for a cull. almost 200,000 wild camels were shot and their carcasses left to rot. only after the cull did the original number of wild camels get revised down. at peak there were half a million with 300,000 left today. many think the original numbers were inflated and that shooting camels and leaving their carcasses to rot was wasteful.
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>> whether it's in tourism racing or for meat animals. they could put camels and yard and trucked them out. they didn't have to fly around in a helicopter and shoot. >> he butchers cows. >> this is the cleanest in the world. it is a good meat. >> he thinks the government should subsidize the capture and killing of animals for meat for which he says there is growing demand. here to, there is little support for a new cull to reduce numbers. many think the original one was a huge waste of money and opportunities as well as camels. >> now it may look like nothing more than an empty shack but in new york this wooden booth holds real life stories. there is a vintage typewriter.
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the stories are collected and shared on-line. let's take you to a writer's retreat in the u.s. state of pennsylvania. the city of asylum is a place for freedom. also, from the u.s., they are now being watched by their own government. >> this is going to be our new alphabet littery center. >> 11 years after establishing a refuge called city of asylum. >> these walls come out,. >> a restaurant, book shop and meeting space will be built here. it will give it a new source of revenue to help more writers but a once neglected part of pittsburgh will have a new cultureal center.
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the buildings have become landmarks of the first writing to seek refuge here. he wrote his poetry on the walls. the murals have multiplied since. >> translator: he's one of the current writers in residence. he spent 41 days in an iranian jail. he left for the u.s. but now he feels an unexpected form of restriction from u.s. publishers. >> they are expecting me to write about problems in iran. and i think it's a sort of censorship. it's a limitation for a writer. you would like to hear negative things about my country and conflict, about terrorism i hate it, writing about terrorism. >> there is some irony coming as it does at a time when u.s.
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authors feel the opposite pressure, the need to self-censor to explore issues on the u.s. 85% were worried about government surveillance. they are fiction and nonfiction writers avoided writing or speaking about particular topics because they thought it would subject them to surveillance. charles sealeds said he abandoned his research. >> i began looking at civil
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defense. in terms of googling words radiation. i was thinking this was candy for anybody interested in terrorist types. >> you think of it like a utility. it's always there. it can disappear like that. >> the expansion of his city of asylum. >> a reminder, you can always keep up to date with all the news on our website. >> i'm mary snow in for ali velshi. "on target" tonight. the cost of injustice. thousand the president wants to show mercy to people he says are just like him. plus an exonerated death row inmate learning just how little his life is worth. president obama went to prison this week to make his case for reforming the u.s. criminal justice system. he visited the el reno


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