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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 4, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT

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>> i. >> hi everyone, welcome to al jazeera america. i'm john seigenthaler. >> california burning. >> there is a large big pocket of green in here. if established it has a potential for a big push. >> a huge wildfire spreads. responders are now rethinking a key firefighting technique.
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g.o.p. showdown. the top ten participants have been revealed for the first republican debate. donald trump will take center stage. >> i will be the greatest jobs president that god ever created. >> and the others are already taking aim. plus not forgotten. a moving new exhibit. we'll talk to nasa about the lasting legacy of the the astronauts lost. >> a legionaires disease. there have been 86 confirmed cases and as those numbers grow so does public fear. it was first identified in the
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united states in 1976. they estimate 18,000 people are hospitalized with it every year. only 3,000 of those cases are typically reported to the cdc. that makes the mortality rate hard to track. but it is believed 5% to 30% of those infected die from it. >> nash's mayor seeking to quell fierce of the city in the city. >> there is no risk to our drinking water. there is no risk to our water supply from legionnaires's disease. it can be treated. it is treatable with antibiotics. >> a day earlier hundreds of residents pack this town hall meeting frightened by a cluster of cases in their bronx neighborhood and seeking answers.
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legionnaires's ski is a form of pneumonia. health officials are focusing on the water cooling towers. >> all the information we have suggest that we have outbreaks that are based on the cooling towers. >> more than 15 cooling towers have been inspected, at least five of them tested positive for the legionnaires' bacteria. anywhere between 1800 to 18,000 people are hospitalized. between 5% and 30% die. >> it can be quite deadly in certain patient groups. the elderly smokers those who have underlying lung disease emphysema. >> six months pregnant, adari wilson is on the way back from
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the hospital where she made sure she was not infected. >> me being a regular woman i'm going to panic. i wanted to take precautions rather than sit around and not do anything about it. >> others say there is not much that they can do. >> i don't have any idea exactly what it is. >> it concerns me, but i have to work in these neighborhoods. i have to make a living. >> health officials expect the number of people diagnosed to drop within the week. >> a 58-year-old michigan woman died on sunday less than a week after she was diagnosed with the disease. debra kidd's family said that doctors initially treated her for a migraine. days later she was hospitalized with a fever. she died from pneumonia when her lungs shut down. we go to the medical director in pittsburgh tonight. doctor new york city officials
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say that this disease is in the cooling towers, but you say there might be another source? >> yes, i respectfully disagree, although i don't have all the data but i will tell you that in the early 80s we reported where the source of legionnaires's disease came from and it came from the drinking water as opposed to the cooling towers. in the philadelphia hotel we know that the drinking water was the source. and in new york city they had a series of outbreaks. and again, it was thought to be the cooling towers, but the new york department of health now mandates that all of these hospitals check their water supply for legionela. >> that was disputed about what happened in philadelphia. not everyone agrees on that, and the cooling towers have tested
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positive in new york this time for legionella. we don't want to mislead people, right? >> yes but this is what i would like to do. first of all, you have to take numerous samples. we would like to have some of the samples sent to the special pathogens lab in pittsburgh. we'll do it gratus if they ship them to us. >> you don't think that they're testing right? >> well, i think we're the premiere laboratory for the testing of legionnaires's in the united states. and we test for hospitals all over the united states. i'm hinting that that might an reason. >> once you identify the source, whether it's drinking water or the cooling towers, how do you get rid of it? >> well, from the cooling towers it's very difficult. you can only get rid of it
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temporarily, but most of the hospitals in new york city, in fact all of the ones in manhattan are protected and they den infect the water supply. when the new york hospitals contracted the legionnaires' disease, it was thought to be the cooling towers, and later it was discovered it was the drinking water. >> if legionnaires' disease more prevalent than we realize? >> yes, we have to think about the disease. many people think it's a rare disease. so unless you think about it, it may not be diagnosed, and i think cdc estimates that only a small proportion of cases are actually correctly diagnosed. >> well, we'll see whether new york takes you up on your offer, doctor. good to have you on the program. an encouraging new study on oral contraceptives and cancer. it said that the pill has prevented 400,000 cases of
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cancer over the past 50 years. the findings were published in the oncology journal. they suggest that using the pill for even a few years provides long-term protection against cancer of the womb. now to california where 27 major wildfires are burning and considered uncontained. the biggest one is the 65,000-acre rocky fire north of san francisco. jake ward is there. >> john, we are here in the staging area just outside of that fire that you described one of 21 across the state. and it is a big bad fire. no question. some rain did come through here today, but the fire is still only 12% contained. that was the same number they had yesterday and so they're sort much stalled out in fighting this one. that said, the firefighters are bringing a secret weapon to bear on this, one that the rest of us could learn from. and that system bears looking a
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little deeper into. over 3,000 firefighters have converged on northern california to battle this 65,000-acre fire. they're from departments all over the state and when they get here they find out it's a different world. >> just being my fire engine we're working with five other crews. >> in the jurisdiction we're responsible for structure type firefighting, medical aids and vegetation. in this environment we're strictly dealing with the wild vegetation. this is why we're in the brush rigs that have four wheel drive and stuff. >> captain shuler drove 600 miles from san diego to be here. when he arrived he was checked in and assigned a new task immediately. >> so this morning we're headed out to interstate 20 near the biggest priority of the rocky fire. yesterday the fire jumped
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highway 20 burning north and it burned approximately 3200 acres on the north side of the fire bringing the fire to a total of 65,000 acres and 12% contained. >> there is a potential road back here behind road drop 10. we have to watch this push. there is a large pocket of green in here. if established it has a potential to make a strong push. >> firefighters work together to use an integrated command system or ics. it's basically an agreed upon structure, a way of bringing hundreds of departments together at a moment's notice. the system was born out of disasters like the 1991 oakland hills fire in which incompatible radio systems and incomprehensible codes which meant that firefighters from different districts could not coordinate or communicate. but now it's standardized. firefighters from connecticut to georgia to california all speak
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the same lang and procedures and equipment are the same everywhere and no one has to worry about who is paying for what. this is the equipment warehouse. if you need a nozzle, clamp or any piece of equipment you can come here. it doesn't matter where you're from. you don't have to worry about this budget. you can walk in and say i need a hose. you can ask for a hose. everybody shares everything. the whole concept is known as mutual aid. you come in at the beginning of the fire. you borrow what you need, and you bring it back as sort of emergency lending library for fighting wildfires. the system does away with rank and creates a hierarchy based on the skills need. >> fires are changing in the west and this one is
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unpredictable, occasionally explosive. >> we all know california has experienced such a drought and lack of rain, and it seems like every fire season starts with northern california, and they tend to get the dry lightening strikes that cause all the issues. >> in the changing climate where the violence and duration of fires is growing the ics structure is more important than ever. the choreography that allows thousands of people to work together to save property and lives. >> john, what is so extraordinary about the system is how applicable it is to everyone's life. management consultants making money selling theories, but this one really works. to see a group of people as totally far flung as they are to come together and fight something like this is extraordinary. that said this is a new kind of fire. firefighters here are 30-40 years of experience talk about how a couple of days ago they saw 20,000 acres go up in a matter of hours.
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that's an unprecedented fury. can this system cope with that kind of danger going forward? >> all right jake ward in california. thank you. attackers have been brought in to battle the blazes from the sky, but joie chen has more. >> the historic fire began in an unremarkable way. it was august 2013, near california's yosemite national park. >> getting really close within half a mile now. hopefully they bring the big heavies to dump on this thing. >> those big heavies are the largest fixed wing firefighters firefighting planes in the world. >> during the rim fire help came from ten thousand feet up. but got a closer look at albuquerque, new mexico, home base to the world's only
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firefighting dc 10. >> that has to be ready to go. in a half hour. >> it could be any one of them. we pre-flighted it. we're waiting for the phone call. >> how does it change the game of firefighters? >> primarily it's count. this is on the order magnitude of four or more times of any other tanker flying. therefore it gets there sooner, and that's a good thing. i never had an incident commander running a fire tell me that we got there too soon, and we brought too much. >> what about a homeowner. >> they said had that fool or that weapon not been available at that time the outcome would have been a lot worse. >> but after decades of air drops some experts doubt aerial firefighting even works. at the university of california-berkeley researcher bill stewart said that we should take a closer look at aerial
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firefighting to see if they're really worth it. >> when things are really hot there is such an up draft of hot air that it's hard for any material retardant or water to actually get on the leaves to put out the flights. >> it's an expensive flight. aerial assaults on the rim fire alone cost $11 million. more than 10% of the $95 million spent on the nine-week long fire fight. stewart said not only are there questions about the effective effectiveness of the tankers but it might an better investment to put more equipped boots on the ground. >> fire safety is the number one priority. but there is a question will we invest the next $10 million, how much that have is going to aerial suppression, how much is going to go to fuel management and ground suppression. >> in the aftermath of the rim wildfire the forest service spent $134 million on
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rehabilitation. and it's trying to tamper down fuel before the next fire is sparked. bill stewart said his goal is not to ground the flying firefighters, but to make sure resources are available to protect against future fires. joie chen, al jazeera. >> now to the debate over the iran nuclear deal and heavy lobbying in both sides. they're trying to court jewish groups and put pressure on congress. israeli prime minister netanyahu spoke out against the deal while president obama held private meetings at the white house. john terrett is in washington tonight. john. >> good evening to you john. vacation season is looming here in washington, d.c. in fact, the house has already gone. the senate is about to leave town. and so the race is on to plant iran messages in the ears of politicians, who will have to vote on the issue in the fall so they might ruminate while
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they're at the beach. the toughest critic is israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu addressing major u.s. jewish organization leaders villa video link from israel. his line, i accept a good deal but this is a bad one. >> don't let the world's foremost terrorist regime get its hands on the world's most dangerous weapons. oppose this bad deal. >> the white house continued to fight tuesday in support of its historic nuclear deal with iran. they attempt to ease concerns of the same organizations addressed earlier by netanyahu. white house spokesman josh earnest. >> this is an opportunity for the president once again to, layout his case to all of them about why he believes this is the best way to keep iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. >> on the airwaves the battle over the iran deal is heating up up too. jewish lobby groups putting out
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competing ads. this from the public affairs committee spending $20 million in key markets against the deal. >> we need a better deal. >> and this from jay street, which describes itself as pro-israel and pro-peace the group forking over $5 million to run this 30-second spot featuring military and leaders who support the deal. >> good for israel. good for america. and makes countries safer and more secure. >> meanwhile one poll suggests jewish americans are in favor of the deal by a wide margin. on capitol hill, the senate is gearing up for summer recess. in the fall it will vote for a resolution that do block the deal. senator mitch mcconnell warning democrats not to try to stop that vote. >> nearly every member voted to have this debate when they
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passed the iran nuclear review act. certainly senators would not block a proper debate from even proceeding. >> the senator from new york, a leading democratic and jewish voice on the hill is weigh his options. >> we're going to study it carefully. i'm not going to let pressure or politics or party influence my decision and then when i think my questions have been answered i'll let people know how i feel and why. >> so politicians are having bugs put in their ears ahead of their vacations and it continues tomorrow. the senate will have a closed door meeting with the heads of the nuclear watchdogs the iaea, and president obama heads to university here in washington, d.c. for a major speech on iran. and president kennedy went to the same place for a speech that was a big problem for him.
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>> john terrett, thank you. coming up next, the stage is set and we now know that the top g.o.p. contenders that will square off in thursday's primetime debate, and protecting history. what a town in oklahoma is remembering about the slaves who forged their own paths.
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>> we now know which candidates will take the stage in primetime
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on thursday for the president republican presidential debate. at center stage donald trump leeches the rest of the field to play catch up. >> john, a series of political polls to determine the candidate who made the cut for the first primetime debate. here are the top ten. perhaps the person who is breathingestiest on this easiest is been kasich. perry santorum and jindal will former in a second tier debate.
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there are challenges ahead. two days before the republican debate and by every measure candidates are in rough shape except for donald trump. >> i will be the greatest jobs president that god ever created. >> the latest poll suggest that trump is widening his lead among republican voters from 18% to 26% now. he's 11 points ahead of his nearest competitor jeb bush and 17 points ahead of scott walker. while the polls say that more republicans disapprove of trump than approve all of his competitors are also underwater. on monday night most of the g.o.p. field spoke at a policy forum in new hampshire. >> 71% of federal spending right now is between the entitlement and debt service. trump skipped the event calling it boring and insignificant.
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he brought headlines of his own with attacks on democrat hillary clinton. he hammered her assistant married to anthony weiner. a few have deployed their own stunts to try and break through. this week texas senator ted cruz highlighted his ability to cook bacon on the muzzle of a machine gun. >> machine gun bacon. last week mike huck huckabee invoked the holocaust. >> when someone says they're going kill an entire group of people we better take it seriously. >> last month senator lindsey
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graham hit hard at donald trump. >> i don't care if he drops out stays in the race, just stop being a jack ass. >> then donald trump gave out graham's cell phone number. graham releaseed a humorous video displaying ways to destroy your phone. the video got a million hits on youtube but did not help graham's poll numbers which are too low to qualify for the debate. texas governor rick perry also missed the cut. >> donald trump's candidacy is a cancer on conservatism and it must be clearly diagnosed ex-ized, and discarded. >> the effort to take on donald trump could be tricky for all the candidates on the stage and some of them said they will avoid any direct shots. meanwhile in the democratic nomination race the party is expected to announce the schedule of six debates
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beginning this fall. hillary clinton supporters say that the democratic debates cannot come soon enough. her poll numbers keep tromping, a and that has prompted her campaign sooner than planned to start running television ads in iowa and new hampshire. >> when i think about doing this i think about my mother, dorothy. >> polls indicate that clinton has reached her slowest favorability rate negotiation eight years. she may be a juicy target for all the republicans on thursday. donald trump is perhaps the more important one. the television star enters the debate with more support than his top two rivals jeb bush and scott walker combined. >> o'brien murray, a republican strategy and campaign manager he is in our studio. welcome. >> good to see. >> you the announcement of who the contestants would be on a program reminded me of
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"survivor" or ""dancing with the stars"." >> those shows have more theatrics to what the final ten were. we've known for weeks what this was. the only surprise was when the sitting governor of ohio, john kasich and becomes number ten and knocks off rick perry. >> donald trump is the main attraction. we talked about what if he set up with some tough questions on content. you say he's only really got to talk how many minutes? >> he has one minute for questions. 30 seconds for rebuttals. there is not a lot of opportunity to go into policy debates. >> they're not going to go very deep. >> they can't. each person will have eight minutes top. the goal is to get on stage get the message across, whatever that message is that each candidate has and make sure you get that sound bite. look at reagan, quayle. >> you try to get the sound bite
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that will take you through the next several glebe and you want to avoid the sound bite that will sink you. governor did not attack romney although he did so off stage about romney care. rick perry will have to take a shot in the pre-debate. >> we saw some those who took their shots at donald trump but it did not help them in the polls but it helped him. >> i don't know if it helped don't trump but every campaign is been expectations. >> what about the genuine donald trump versus the unauthentic donald trump. >> we've heard him pay off people's cars, mortgages. go by a donald trump construction site you would see him in a hard hat shaking hands
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with people. that's the true donald trump. >> as the voters get to know where he is on the voters he could fall off. when they realize he's pro-choice and not pro-life, that could be an issue. he's strong on the guns at this point. that's a major issue in the primary voter. >> what about jeb bush. what he do in this? there were a couple of questions about the performance in new hampshire that suggested he didn't live up to expectations. what did you think? >> i thought last night's format was very tough and thursday night is going to be tough. >> tough for jeb. >> anyone. you're coming off the bench coming off cold, you answer the question and then go on to the next. >> critics say that he's not ready for primetime. >> you can say that about a lot of these glandes but he's the one who raised all the money. >> that's the expectation remember in this game the primaries and debates it's not the win it's the spin. it's what you walk off the stage
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and what your people spin and what the reporters want to cover, and election night it's not if you came in first if they thought you were coming in third and came in second, that's a win. >> it's not the win it's the spin. well o'brien it's good it see you. >> thank you. >> ferguson one year later. the husband and frustration still being felt. thoughts from the mother of michael brown and the police officer who shot him. and the health rick risk to babies when parents can't afford to buy diapers.
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>> this is al jazeera america. i'm john seigenthaler. >> darren wilson speaks out. >> i saw the frustration. i saw the years of build up of the prosecutor not doing his job. >> and our tony harris talks exclusively to the mother of michael brown. poverty in america the rising
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cost of the banks. >> you have to make a choice between the food and the pampers. >> and the families forced to make hard choices that could put children at risk. freedom riders, civil war era towns settled by black settlers. >> they came seeking a new life. >> how they prospered free of prejudice and the new fight to preserve them. >> plus, remembering the challenger and columbia shuttle disasters. nasa honors the lives and the sacrifices of the lost. >> sunday will mark one year since michael brown an unarmed black teenager was shot and killed by a white police officer in ferguson, missouri. the killing sparked days of protest and forced the reexamination of race and police
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force across america. we sat down with michael brown's mother. >> what was your reaction to members of the ferguson community in response to what happened to your son? taking to the streets in some cases angryily? and in some cases vandalizing their own community. >> my response is now today i can see that happening. i see the hurt. i sue the frustration. i saw the years and years of build up of the process dutier not doing his job--the prosecutor not doing his job. the cops coming hours away to police a community they have no understanding. we saw--it was a cry for help. >> you can see the national network exclusive interview with michael brown's mother tomorrow at 7:00 eastern time
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4:00 pacific. we also heard from the police officer who shot brown in a "new yorker" magazine, deron williams said that he has been unable to get a job in law enforcement. he said that everyone is so quick to jump on race it's not a race issue. there are people who feel that police have too much power and they don't like it. there are people who feel that police don't have enough power and they don't like it. patricia bynes joins us tonight. welcome. what do you make of that interview that the officer did with, new york magazine? >> i did read the article that--the interview that darren wilson did. he should not be able to get a
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job in law enforcement. that's my opinion. he needs a serious career move. i agree with the sentiments that the police in this country have way too much power. we need checks and balances in place. >> a year later where is ferguson come? how far has ferguson come since the death of michael brown? >> i think that change is moving at a snail's pace. there have been some changes. change is very hard. people are under estimating that. but it's almost like it's a microcosm of change. we have an interim police chief. interim city manager. there are some steps like myself we're hoping in a year from now that we would be a lot further with things. but it's very emotional. there are lots of red tape and
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politics going on, unfortunately. and some people like things exactly the way they are. >> there are people in ferguson who don't think that they've got justice. and you've seen other i wants of police-shootings of unarmed black men and teenagers across the country unfold over the last years. how discuss ferguson fit in to this whole scenario? >> i think that ferguson is certainly a part of the conversation. it's hard for me to relate to a city the size of new york, baltimore, oakland. they sea them as much smatter cities. ferguson is a perfect example that this is not dependent on the size of your city. this has to do with policing and policy in this culture. it has to do with the
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prosecutors judges, all of them. it doesn't have anything to do with the size of your city. >> you know, we talked several times a year ago and it was an emotional time for you in your community. emotionally how do you feel today? >> well, emotionally while things in ferguson seem a little different, personally my family has been affected by gun violence. two weeks ago i had a 17-year-old cousin killed by a 5-year-old. >> i'm so sorry. >> thank you. the conversation about gun violence and the value of life, it's even more personal to me i understand, unfortunately the anger in the streets and i understand the frustrations that people are having with the justice system. it has made it very personal for me now and it makes me want to take the fight for justice to a
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different level. >> patricia bynes thank you for joining us. >> thank you. >> the baltimore is still feeling the effects of the fall out over the death of freddie gray. since then baltimore has seen its worst violence in decades. ten fbi agents have been called in to help. they'll help solve murders. so far this year 91 people 191 people have been killed in baltimore. the family of sandra bland has filed a federal lawsuit. the 28-year-old woman died inside of a texas jail cell. she was pulled over for failing to signal a lane change and then arrested. the police say she committed suicide in jail. family members say they need better answers to the details surrounding her death. >> the reality of it is that the investigation as going forward so far is one that we are
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unclear about. there are inconsistencies that have been documented that concern us. there are questions that we don't know that are even being asked right now that concern us. to that end we're very much asking. that the d.o.j. get involved with the situation. >> the wrongful death lawsuit was filed against the trooper and other officials involved in that state. the united nations is stepping up its fight against global poverty. a new plan calls for irradicating hunger and improved living conditions over the next 15 years. it calls to increase education. here in the united states poverty comes in many forms. in poor communities many basic necessities are priced too high for residents. that's often the case for disposal diapers a problem for
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small children. >> no matter how often this grandmother needs to change her granddaughter's diaper, she's forced to wait. >> when it got down to low, you have no money no way to get any participators, you have to let your baby-sit in pee. >> she often has to make the choice about food and necessities for grandchildren. >> you have to make a choice between the food, getting the bear necessity or the pampers. >> she lives in subsidized housing with she helps to raise her eight grandchildren. she said that diapers are always in short supply. >> i've seen that so many times. participators so full, but you have to wait to change it. those are bad times. >> and andrea is not alone. according to a yale university study, one in three low income mothers struggle to pay for
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diapers. and just to give you an idea of how much typers can cost, nearly $1,000 a year. if you're a single parent with a minimum wage job it means that diapers alone can eat up 6% of your salary. >> diapers, it sounds like something so incredibly small can impact a family's life in a very real way. >> joanne gold blum helps networks to collect store and distribute free diapers. >> to be able to take care of your body and your child's body, it's not something that we as americans really like to talk about. but most of us spend a lot of money on hygiene products, diapers included. and because it's expected. it's expected that your child is
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clean and dry. >> but the cost of diapers is not covered under most government programs such as food stamps. gold blum insist this is not about bad parenting. this is about bad policy. >> there are these little things that sort of almost too little for legislatures and regulate tours think about. >> but when parents cannot provide diapers the health consequences can be serious. >> diaper rash can turn to complicated and severe diseases. hepatitis like the health effects are real. unfortunately, we're seeing that in a lot of families that we serve. >> andrea worries about that adding to her guilt every time she feels forced to make two-year-old leila sit in a dirty dipper. >> i didn't feel like a grandmother or parent. it just takes from your
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self-esteem. >> that's why for this grandmother the best pick me up is getting fresh diapers free. >> it is a good feeling to go to the diaper bin and know that the pampers will last you. so for that time you feel good. this helps. >> al jazeera. >> and antibiotic resistant bacteria are blamed for thousands of deathser year, but stopping have superbugs may not take super effort. many cases can be prevented when facilities are alerted when an infected patients is transferred to those facilities. they could save up to 7,000 lives every year. prevention is one side against in the fight against superbugs. researchers are still trying to
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find ways to kill them. that is getting more difficult. >> the united states has a bug problem. multi drug resistant bacteria superbug that have learned to shrug often the antibiotics that we use to kill them plague the health system here. >> these organisms can be spread. these organisms can live on the skin, they can live on the surfaces of a desk or a bed or a stethoscope. >> the problem is that it takes days to identify specifics about the resistant bacteria. dr. lee reilly has just received a grant to develop a process that would identity the right drugs to fight bacteria in mints. >> if we can determine the organism before the patient leaves your office then you can give the right drug, then you don't have to worry about creating drug resistence. >> here in the u.s. and around the world companies simply are not making new antibiotics. it's just too expensive and too hard. in part because they tap out the
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micro organisms that can be easily cultivateed in in a lab setting. there are enough micro organisms in this handful of dirt to pursue countless lines of antibiotics. but it's only out here in narrow that they can thrive. >> as a result researchers are limited to the amount of micro organisms that can grow in a petary dish. . >> this dot is how much we have cultivated. >> he has developed an ichip that allows cells to grow in dirt like they do in nature. >> this will form a colony, and
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once it forms a colony we'll be able to work with that colony. >> this could slow deadly infections around the world. infections that our food and our hospitals seem to have help create. jacob ward. al jazeera. berkeley california. >> and coming up next on the broadcast, nasa's darkest days. wreckage from two shuttle disasters go on display for the first time. >> a forgotten chapter for the history books. oklahoma's all-black towns that continue to honor the tradition of black cowboys and the legacy of overcoming the greatest odds.
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>> oklahoma was once home to 50 all-black towns. founded by freed slaves in the mid 1800s. some of those communities remain. they're vibrant but their populations are dwindling. now the state is recognizing 13 of the towns and the history of those who forged their own paths in the name of freedom. heidi zhou castro reports. >> go get him.
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>> they call it christmas in july. the one weekend a year when this historically all-black town of clear view, oklahoma population 50, booms with a thousand inviters. >> it's really like christmas this time of year when you see all the people come back home, smiling faces. >> this rodeo honoring the black cowboy tradition was founded by romeo's father and uncle. >> they wanted a place where sons and daughters would have a reason to come back. >> back to a town where a tiny main street was once a daily sight. now where the homes were once picture fences. >> my grandparents on both sides came to clear view seeking a new
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life. >> alfred's grandparents were from mississippi. they heard about clear view, a town established in 1903, and they left the deep south for the promise of all-black utopia deep in the indian territory. >> they came to governor themselves and buy something and build something. >> this is a place where you can go and buy a piece of property or build a house. >> true freedom. >> true freedom yes. and then. >> shirley's family goes back four generations. now the unofficial town historian she offers tours of the town that once numbered thousands of residents. clear view had a baseball team, a train station, a college and a brick factory. it's families felt safe from the
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jim crow laws just outside of the town's boundaries. >> we would go in and trade in certain places. just make sure you don't get caught in there after dark. >> because it was dangerous? >> it was very dangerous. >> what would happen if you stayed after dark? >> you might get i did. >> almost as quickly as the community boomed, the city shank and the great depression forced most people to search for work in cities. >> the house sitting there, i was born in the house. by the time that nero was born in 1949 only a few hundred residents remained. that number continued to dwindle to the one dozen families left today. >> was it sad to see this town shrinking? >> it is, it was it is, to see it shrinking. i always hopeed that more people would want to come back here. >> i feel honored because i feel
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like i'm standing on the shoulders of giants. the people before me created a legacy that i just try to hold up. >> why is this town so special to you? >> why is this special to me? i've seen what it used to be, i have aspirations for what it can be. >> today's clear view is known for its rodeo. most of the riders are from this area. >> we're tough we're real tough. you want to see a radio? come to oklahoma and you'll see how they really get down. >> the history block book history books left the black cowboy out. >> you won't find much about clear view in those history pages, either an as the story has been largely left untold. but it's residents hope to
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preserve its legacy by remembering and sharing. >> now we turn to venezuela venezuelans are once again facing a shortage of basic necessities and the desperation is turning deadly. antonio mora with that. >> the situation in venezuela is growing increasingly dare. increasingly dire. it's got son bad that bakers don't have flour. most have been forced to get creative to provide a little relief for frustrateed customers. >> they promised us flour for monday tuesday wednesday we don't know when it will arrive. >> i feel to be living in such a rich country but where one can't find bread. >> in our next hour a closer look of how years of economic controls of the venezuelan government have led to this downward spiral. how some companies are shutting
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down operations. >> interesting story antonio,io we'll see you next hour. forhour. a part of an exhibit called "forever remembered," we talk with nasa about it in tonight's first person report. >> lift off by the space shuttle mission. >> i think its important to share this story with everyone. not just push it aside and try to hide it. these crews in these vehicles are part of who we are as an agency and a nation. >> nasa's desire to memorialize our lost crews to pay tribute to them and learn our lessons in the past to be more successful. you'll go into a space that is incident mitt. you'll be introduced to the
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crews of challenger and columbia and you'll understand the true sacrifice of what these folks were willing to give to help us in the future. we have the largest collection of personal artifacts from all of the crews. we collected artifacts from family members to tell the essence of who those folks were. >> it would be emotional to see but honestly i didn't expect to be so impacted by it, and i can't stop thinking about it. >> for example you'll see personal cowboy boots and favorite passage underlined. we wanted to show the artifacts the beauty each of those vehicles and the strength, you'll see part of the side wall of challenger, and what was
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beautiful about this piece is although the accident was very destructive you have a piece with the american flag left nearly intact on the wing, so it's a very beautiful piece to show. the columbia, the windows are said to be the eyes into the soul. we have the windows of the columbia so guests can look in those windows and get an essence of columbia and their crew. these folks are our fallen friends and heroes. they would help to call us of all of us into the future. we wanted to make sure not only for today but future generations that their memory and sacrifice would be preserved forever. >> the project was kept top-secret until the astronaut's families could see it in a private viewing in june. now it's open to the public. i'm john seigenthaler. we'll see you back here tomorrow night. the news continues next with
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antonio mora. have a great night.
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>> taliban turmoil, internal struggles threaten to tear the group apart. now a top official resigns days after an embattleded now leader was named tortured tait. disturbing video of the sun of late libyan dictator muammar gaddafi being tortured sparks international outrage putting on pressure. >> don't