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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 16, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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>> iraq's prime minister orders a trial for abandoning positions in ramadi. hello. we have the world's news. also, the death toll rises in china after the tianjin explosion. fears that toxic chemicals are leaking. tempertempers flare as migrant's
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frustration. we follow the trail of poachers in a national park. iraq's prime minister has ordered military commanders to face trial for abandoning positions in ramadi. >> reporter: coming on ratifying recommendations that have been made to him by members of iraq's investigation about soldiers abandoning their post. anybody, officer or above, who is a member of the iraqi army must be court marshalled. what's not clear is when they will happen or if any court
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marshals have happened at this point behind closed doors. this is following up on hours and hours of investigation by the military. they came up with the recommendation. it was previously recommended by the previous prime minister, members who had abandoned their post should be court marshalled. it looks as though that may happen soon. fights have broken out between migrants. hundreds of migrants have been arriving every day in boats from turkey. greek officials are struggling to cope with the influx. >> reporter: it's unclear who started it. but there was no holding back. anger, frustration and suspicion boiled over under the intensity of the summer sun. many had come hoping to get the
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papers to allow them to leave for the mainland, but the police station was closed. and disappointment and desperation turned into chants of freedom. some here say others are getting preferential treatment. the situation is becoming increasingly urgent. even a loaf of bread is precious. some people have found shelter and even a shower. but the facilities are being criticized. >> there is no electricity, no water and food. no food. [indiscernible] >> reporter: hundreds of
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migrants are being moved on this boat. syrians given priority have started. it will act as a floating center. many cross the short distance from turkey. greece was not prepared for this and athens has called for help from the outside world. it is still waiting. three hundred migrants rescued off the coast are on their way to italy. 40 people were found suffocated below deck. hundreds of migrants have been trying to board a train. in china 112 people are now
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confirmed dead in wednesday's explosions in the port of tianjin. there are fears that toxic chemicals are leaking in the area. one warehouse was holding 70 times more cyanide than what it should have been holding. >> reporter: the volunteer machine is a well-oiled one here in china. thousands of volunteers have come to the city to help, here they are handing out clothes, bottled water, food. but also the most important commodity of all, and that is gas masks. we saw some of those handed out a short time ago. we are now inside the exclusion zone and epicenter of wednesday night's explosions, it's about 1.8 kilometers from here. this is about as far as it's safe to go at the moment.
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here you can see the apartment blocks that were vacated, people were evacuated from these apartment blocks on thursday and also late on wednesday night. more than 6,000 people have been moved. many are now being housed in temporary shelterings across the city. this morning some of those people came to protest outside of a news briefing in a building being given by government officials. they are demanding the central government do more to help them. they say only the volunteers have been giving them assistance. government leaders have come to the city to see for themselves the scale of the destruction. the death toll is continuing to rise. we know that 95 people are still missing, 85 of them are firemen and 58 people remain in hospital seriously injured. it is shaping up to be really one of the worst industrial accidents in chinese history.
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hopes are fading that somalia will hold full elections next year because of continuing violence. the government insists some voting process will be held. there is no voter registration system. regions have to rely on traditional methods. >> it's election time. in the pearl city, members of parliament are voting for the president. the public has no role to play in this process. the candidates make their pitches for the mps and ask for their votes. >> it needs security, it needs full voter information awareness. i think all these infrastructure pieces have to be built up. in terms. people, we are willing and ready. >> three years ago he was elected by a parliament selected
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by clan elders. he promised to complete the transition to democracy by 2016. the next president of is a mall yeah will be elected through popular elections. but it will be difficult to hold elections after all. the plans for a full election next year means that progress on important issues such as security and the threat from alshah bob fighters have not been as quick. now the government is under intense pressure to select members of parliament who will elect the president. >> they have to come up with a system other than the straight traditional leaders selecting the next parliament and then those electing the president. that system is no longer acceptable. >> they are looking at a process
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for next year. this is a former constitutional affairs minister. >> instead of 135 male elected parliament, maybe we'll have 27,000, 28,000, 30,000, the whole country. that's 80,000 can elect the president. >> reporter: back in the parliament, a winner is declared after one round of voting. enter the president, he retained his seat. members celebrate the outcome. they may not have had a say in the polls, but they were invited. a park in senegal started out as a hunting reserve in 1926. since then attitudes towards hunting have changed. illegal trade is worth billions
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and led to large scale poaching. preserving global heritage, we join rangers trying to protect threatened species. >> this is an important operation. it's home to rare animals and plants. the park is under half the size of belgium. so finding poachers is difficu difficult. but this morning rangers receive a tip-off. on the grounds some clues, fresh bicycle tracks and signs of wild animals. these are the latest pictures from a nearby camera used to track animal movements. here the west african lion, worth hundreds of thousands of dollars on the black market. barely visible, one of the poachers. local tribes were forced out of
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the area to protect annals from beak hunted. but some are known to work with traffickers. >> we are not surprised. locals have the best knowledge of this park. it's so lucrative, it's tempting to want to hunt here. >> reporter: we slowly approach the spot. poachers are armed. rangers worry about a gun fight as well as being attacked by dangerous animals nearby. suddenly he spots them. they launch an ambush. as expected, local villagers. on them weapons and food rations. he says he was hunting bush meet. but the park rangers don't believe him.
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most of what they kill is smuggled out of the country to asia. poachers are after big cats like this. rangers found this one as a baby. >> despite the efforts to prevent poaching, there are a number of animals on the verge of extinction. this world heritage site is in danger. rare antelopes, elephants, none are spared. rangers say poachers kill, using automatic machine guns. >> we are supposed to protect the site. it's a difficult task. >> worth $19 billion a year, the global trade is booming. and despite local efforts like this, it continues to grow.
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still to come on the program, struggling to avoid disease. we look at efforts to find clean drinking water in south sudan. and brazil's president faces growing calls to step down.
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>> our american story is written every day. it's not always pretty... but it's real. and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. >> welcome back. remind you of the top stories, iraq's prime minister ordered military commanders to face
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trial for abandoning positions in ramadi. isil fighters took over the position in may after months of fighting. fights have broken out between frustrated migrants. syria seems to be getting priority. they are coping with large numbers. in china 112 people are confirmed dead in tianjin. there are fears that toxic chemicals are leaking into the area. progovernment forces are battling houthi rebels. fighters say 50 houthis have been killed. main security headquarters was retain by pro government forces on saturday. pro government forces are also in full control of a province
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that has substantial oil reserve. they hold five of yemen's six provinces. sri lanka will vote in elections. most of the focus has been on the former president. he lost in january. now he wants to be the next prime minister. >> reporter: elections are about national issues and who can best deal with them. but there is nothing usual about this one. >> translator: when you see what's happening in the country, we are unable to stay away from politics. you should question whether the actions are people friendly. >> reporter: the former president is attempting to come back. this time as prime minister. after years in the political shadows, he built a common
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opposition. >> translator: he decided the future of this country on january #. now must decide your family's and your own future. >> reporter: he has the support of the president who urged people to carry forward the change that began in january. he wants his return. the new government has brought change. a level playing field for this election is one example. >> and new rules have empowered the election chief. >> if anybody tries to influen influence. >> analysts also say stability will be an important factor. >> the majority of people did make the point that they wanted a single party to be able to have sufficient seats to be able
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to governor with stability. that's a concern as far as the waters are concerned. look, we have to give a decisive result. we have to get on with the business of government with governance. >> reporter: many say the root cause is war, the economy and foreign policy are among a number of areas that must be addressed. problems, solutions and policies have taken a back seat in this election which has been dominated. the more that go to the polls on monday, the choices whether to return him continue to put their faith in the politicians who defeated him. the u.s. presidential election is still more than a year away. the frontrunners are working hard on the campaign trail. leading republican contender
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donald trump and hillary clinton were in iowa. >> i find it somewhat curious that jeb bush is doubling down on defending his brother's actions in iraq. but if he's going to do that, he should present the entire picture. the entire picture, as you know, includes the agreement that george w. bush made with the government in iraq that set the end of 2011 as the date to withdraw american troops. that was done under george w. bush. >> you know, he made staples over the last couple of days that are incredible, trying to justify the war in iraq. then he said skin in the game. i don't know if you saw his recent statement. he said the united states has to prove to iraq that we have skin in the game. we have spend millions of
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dollars, thousands of lives lost, he says we have to prove we have skin in the game. we don't have to prove anything. >> strong winds are fanning several wildfires. one of the largest is in idaho. they are also sweeping across california and washington state. there is extreme heat and gusty conditions. south sudan's government says it will push on with peace talks to end a 20 month civil war. they are hoping that the president will meet with the rebel leader in the capital. rival camps are facing international sanctions. while the talks continue, 40 people have died i in a cholera
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outbreak. >> this is the neighborhood bore hole and primary source of water in a country where 45% of the population doesn't have access to clean drinking water. the family of 12 canada afford to buy purified drinking water. >> if we can afford to get water from a tanker, we will. otherwise, we have to get it from the bore hole. yes, we get sick. >> it supplies the capital with its water. they pump water from the river and then drive to neighborhoods. the government can't afford to treat water with chlorine.
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rising fuel means these tankers are providing less water and not making deliveries as often. they now only seawater tankers once a week in their neighborhood. the lack of access to clean water is causing cholera outbreaks. almost 1400 people were infected, 41 dies. her nephew was on the vorring of dieing. by that time her daughter was also sick. she says sometimes the whole family has to drink untreated water. >> translator: the problem is the government knows how much we are suffering. we are living in a bad situation. >> reporter: aid groups say ending the civil war and building essential services must go hand in hand with better education. >> lack of clean water and latrines.
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it's endless. >> reporter: for now the families will have to rely on the neighborhood dong can i and risk getting ill. a recent case of child sex abuse in pakistan has turned attend to the plight of the country's many street children. we don't to the city to hear some of their stories. she sent this report. >> as dusk falls, a park starts to fill up. men and young boys hang around. every evening is the same. you can hear this all over the park. street children give massages, too, in a city with thousands of homeless kids, it's a way to make money.
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it's also how some of these children resexually abused after being sold for sex to customers. >> the kids are of different ages, 7, 8 and 9 years. they abuse them. sometimes they are paid, sometimes they are cheated. that's what happens here. this park has a very bad name. >> people in the park told us that gangs of men befriend children who run away from home, both boys and girls. they give them gifts and later they are sold for sex through the teenage years. a lot of this place place here. >> that's what happened to alley. we are not using his real name. he's 21 years old. he's been living on and off the street since he was 7.
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>> reporter: i was a student and a friend betrayed me. after my parents found out, they disowned me. i want to leave this, but i can't because there is no other option for me. >> he says in pakistan many boys and girls roam on the streets without their parents and end up in trouble. >> translator: these kids can be protected. if we give them no care, they will become wasted like me. >> reporter: there are some organizations trying to protect street children. the government run child protection bureau looks after 1,000 children. they have been removed from the streets or rescued from homes where they have been abused. >> no one is looking after them.
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the children, took them from street and they came here. they have medical facilities. we are trying to give them a social, normal, healthy life. >> reporter: this is the only province in pakistan with this type of refuge. with the scale of the problems so great, most realize for every child they help, many more are on the street and on their own. huge protests are planned across brazil on sunday to call for the impeachment of the president. her approval rating has nose-dived together with the country's economy. >> reporter: it's a message that resonates among many brazilians, calls for the ousting of the
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president and her workers party. less than a year after she was re-elected, the approval rate is at about 8% only. >> it's because of the corruption of the government, of this government. but it's not only that. look at our economy, how it's weakened in the last, i don't know, couple of years. >> brazil is marred by corruption scandal, at the same time its economy began to shrink and so far this year its currency, the real, lost 30% of its value. prices of basic goods have gone up. and with them popular disconte discontent. >> translator: in the past i used to be able to fill a cart with 100 real. now with the same money i barely fill up a bag. everything is very expensive. i now look for the cheapest products. >> ask anyone here and they will tell you the same story.
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it's the private sector suffering the most. this is the scene you see more and more often these days, shops that had to close down over the past 12 months and many blame the president for this. or, in this case, the political ally calling on them to leave the government. an estimated 1,200 shops, 30%, have closed down since the beginning of 2015. he owned two bookstores. he had to close one of them a month ago. >> translator: when a country is in crisis, people tend to consume only basic things. it's not only books considered extra, there are other products, even restaurants. >> reporter: brazilians are used to the background noise of corruption and scandal. these days it's more difficult to tune out the reality of what
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is happening on the street. you can find more on this story and many others on our website. all the news all the time on afghanistan's future grows increasingly uncertain, as years of foreign aid and intervention come to an end. in the jostling for money and power, competing forces are fighting for the wealth buried deep in the hindu kush mountains. that wealth is precious rubies, which fetch a handsome sum, especially when smuggled across the border. i'm steve chow. on this edition of 101 east, we look at the lives of afghan ruby miners who are risking it all chasing crystal dreams.


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