tv Weekend News Al Jazeera August 16, 2015 8:00pm-9:01pm EDT
asia. the news continues now with dale walters. hello, dale. good evening, this is al jazeera america, i'm del walters, with a look at tonight's top stories. tens of thousands taking to the streets calling for the brazilian president to
resign finger pointing after the fall of an iraqi city. baghdad making an effort to reform the iraqi government and more on the bomb, and civilian rights. we begin tonight with a possibility that the days of president dilma rousseff could be numbered. tens of thousands marched in rio de janeiro, brasilia and sao
paulo. the protesters wanting her impeached. smaller gatherings are taking place in towns and city, the third time people have taken to the streets after protests in march and april. it's on political corruption, and they blame rousseff for the bad economy. >> reporter: the larger protest in
brasilia, the capital rio de janeiro. it's unclear if the turn out was as large as the protests in braz brazil in march and april. it is important because it will go to the appetite among brazilians for impeachment. at the moment there's a huge gap between the numbers put forward by the organizers of the protests, and the ones put forward by the police.
now, dilma rousseff is highly unpopular. she has the lowest approval rate ever for democratically elected president in this country, 7.7%, but that is not enough for impeaching her. you need to find - you need to keep the momentum for the organizers, bring more people on the streets and have a legal basis for that, at the moment none of the ongoing investigations have directly implicated her in any of the corruption scandals that have plagued the country. the economy plays a huge role as well. ever since the corruption scandals erupted, and the economy began to shrink, investors confidence diminished and people want to make sure that that could be settled as quick as possible. dilma rousseff at the moment has the support of the business community. this country has a long history,
not long ago. of political instability and turmoil that crippled the economy. many would rather see - make political fighting, but measures that will bring the economy back on track, rather than go through a process of impeachment with no guarantees that the outcome will bring the stability they are longing for. >> it was another deadly day in syria, government forces attacking a marketplace, killing more than 100, wounding 300 others, the attack taking place in damascus. there has been fighting across the country, and a deal to move thousands out of the worst conflict zones collapse said. zeina khodr has our story from beirut. >> reporter: the targets were two besieged towns in the opposition controlled northern province of idlib. a temporary crease nir collapsed.
rebels renewed an -- ceasefire collapsed. it has become difficult for the government to protect the people. that is why they want to transfer them to safer areas as part of the deal. but the opposition pulled out of negotiations. the ribbel group that was -- rebel group that was negotiating on behalf of the opposition said the main ally iran wants to petition the country. there were talks in recent days of giving rebels trapped in the town and countryside safe passage. iran demanded the town's residence leave as a way to get the sunni muslims out of the countryside and areas along the lebanese border. >> we have seen for some time that regime forces have been focussing on securing strategically powerful territory, and some is around this town and the transport
roots west to lebanon. we have seen since the summer of 2013 that policy taking shape. >> for the government and its allies, the town is important. recapturing it would secure the international highway that links lebanon and syria, consolidating their control of the enclave, including a rageon on the -- region on the border. damascus, homs and coastal cities home to the alawites, loyal to the president. >> the government and allies can no longer defend the country, forces have been withdrawing to lines they've been able to defend. even president bashar al-assad acknowledged that there's a lack of man power, meaning they have to pick their battles in areas of strategic importance. >> syria has been petitioned with front lines, separating people, according to sects and
loyalties. the deal to transfer the sunni communities may have fallen apart. but the fact that a poopulation swap was on the table shows that there is a new syria emerging, one with different borders, and where forced migration may be policy. >> in rick, i.s.i.l. fighters attacking forces. 15 soldiers are dead, 15 injured. many driving bombs. a gunfight followed, iraq roy forces died. meanwhile, there is political in fighting in baghdad concerning the advance. parliament recommending that senior officials face prosecution for losing control of mosul, the finger pointing including the former prime minister.
no one is above the law. >> a parliamentary panel recommended that former prime minister pierre nkurunziza be formally prosecuted for the fall of the city of moss all. dozens of other officials or former officials in a province where mosul city is. they recommended they be charged with the fall of mosul. this panel has in vetted in more months, made recommendations, passed it on to the speaker of parliament. who has passed on the recommendations to the prosecutor general, and it rests in the judiciary. what happens next up to the judicially in iraq. pierre nkurunzi nouri al-maliki has not made statements since the recommendations, he is draverling in iran. it is significant, this is the time that patient lobbed accusations at nouri al-maliki,
suggesting there's resentment towards the farmer prime minister for -- former prime minister for consolidating this uch power. it's interesting to see how it develops, although this parliament doesn't have that much power going forward. the fact of the matter is there's resentment. legal analysts believe that this is something that could be a lengthy process. if there's formal charges made, or a case this, is something that could take months or years to happen an outspoken part of the taliban and 16 others were dead, dying outside of the home office of punjab province. as simon mcgregor-wood reports, a group affiliated with al qaeda is gaming responsibility. the attack took place as a local political meeting was hosted. police said it was probably caused by a suicide box. the force of the blast was the building collapse, burying the minister, trapping main of those
waiting to meet him. local volunteers worked with rescue teams to bring in machinery. the explosion was very loud. after a while, i knew the blast targeted the home minister. while i got here, i saw his men working here, there were rescued bodies, injured. then the police arrived. dozens were treated in the hospitals, where doctors struggled to cope with sheer numbers. death toll rose steadily through the day. >> the whole concrete collapsed on the people. some flew in the air. at a distance of this corner to that corner. the roof fell on me. i was not aware of many underneath it. my son came, i don't know how he pulled me out of the rubble. >> this was a retired military man and ally. he was leading a crackdown
against militant groups, responsible for sectarian attacks in punjab. his tough approach earnt him enemies, and his name on the hit lost of a local group. al qaeda affiliated and responsible. its leader and two sons killed in a police operation. the punjab government could end the attack and announce a 3-day mourning period. there has been another round of fighting between indian and pakistani troops in kashmir. for seven days in a row, fire and mortar explosions could be heard. both claiming kashmir. and blaming each other for the latest round of violence. >> in the chinese port city, gas masks in tianjin are in high demand, four days after the explosions leaving 1200 dead. authorities don't know what
caused the blast. as andrew brown tells us, the concern about chemical contamination is rising. >> reporter: some compared the disaster to a nuclear explosion. close up, that's what it looks like. the toxic pool from survivors is still shrouding the zone. the government confirmed sodium cyanide was stood here. there was an added urgency to the search for survivors on this day as the toll for the dead and missing continued to rise. along with the anger among families of the missing, and those made homeless, for the second day they attempted to protest outside a hotel where government officials were briefing journalists. >> translation: we want is to be the truth and help us to find a proper home. >> what is needed most now is for the government to take care of us and keep us informed.
>> the government doesn't knew what caused wednesday night's multiple explosions, but officials admit that sodium cyanide has been occurring on two occasions. but the reading is outside on the exclusion zone. >> if you were outside the 2km zone, the numbers should be within normal stance. it should not have effect on people's lives. >> gas masks are the most precious commodity. these are for the military, but there's not enough of them, indeed, if there were, they won't protect from sodium cyanide. >> this is professional. it is very special material, protection, equipment. i don't think - i don't know. i don't think they can do that. china's well-oiled volunteer machine has moved into action, thousands came to the city from all over china, and here they are handing out water, food,
clothing, all needed. the list for the missing is getting longer. the majority are firefighters and police. officials say the explosions from so powerful. so far only a few bodies have been identified. villagers in papua province indonesia say they saw the plane crash into the side of a mountain, indonesian officials are investigating reports. the plane went missing this afternoon, search teams will work to verify reports on monday. 54 passengers and crew were on board. into distress call was made. political leaders across the country paid tribute to julian bond. dying after a brief illness. michelle obama and president obama released a statement calling him a hero.
he's remembered as visionary and tireless. a champion of human rights. >> i was hooked. >> julian bond says his moment of awakening came as a college student. it was the early '60s. civil rights movements was building and sit-ins taking place across the south. >> i was sitting at a drug store, having lunch. a student came up and said have you seen this hell of a newspaper. don't you think it will happen here. don't you thing we ought to make it happen here. he said you decide the drug store. we did, we started the movement. >> reporter: bond became an early layered of student nonviolent coordinating, or smik, a 1963 march on washington. in 1965, when the heels of the voting rights act, bond was one of eight african-americans
elected to the georgia house of representatives, because of a stance against the vietnam war, the fellow state legislators voted to bar him taking his seat. he persevered with the ruling, the ban violating his first amendment rights. he'd serve as congressman or senator, pushing for voter registration of blacks. in 1971 he co-founded the southern law center, serving as the president. cements his legacy as a civil rights icon. an interview with al jazeera, bond reflected on what has changed and what hasn't. >> i thought it was over, this would not happen again. i thought it was done. bond served as a mentor.
it reminds me very much of myself. i was there thinking i could change the world. >> he was a university professor, columnist and social commentator. i sent you on a package. >> i have a package of films, photographs of black people. julian bond helped to change the country for the better, said president obama in a statement on sunday. what better way to be remembered, than that loretta lynch calling bond an icon and trail blazer. julian bond was 75 donald trump laying out parts of his domestic and foreign policies, his vision for immigration reform, and a look at how the other candidates spend their weekend, plus millions of americans going to bed hungry, looking at america's food deserts - it's just ahead.
valley, a massive wildfire burning through the hillside, several structures gutted. one of several across the west. kevin corriveau will be with us in a minute. first, politics. donald trump outlining immigration policy, wanting to get rid of automatic citizenship for those born in the u.s., and reverse president obama's action on immigration, making the comments on nbc's "meet the press." we have to make a new set of standards. when... >> you'll split up families, deport children. >> no, we have to keep the families together. but they have to go. they have to go. >> what if they have no place to go? >> we will work with them, they have to go. we have a country or we don't. >> chuck goi -- donald trump sag he'd put troops on the ground to fight i.s.i.l. and charge saudi arabia for the protection they
get from the u.s. military. dr ben carson is upset with president obama over the nuclear deal, saying he believes the deal is anti-semitic, saying candidates he met through the trip to visual feel that president obama turned his back on israelies. republican presidential candidate will meet with israeli officials to discuss the nuclear deal. mike huckabee is against it, saying he iran can't be trusted democratic senator bernie sanders drew big crowds in iowa, in an interview with nbc's "meet the press", saying he doesn't owe an apology to black lives matters. he's been at odds with the movement senator mccaskill has celebrated hillary clinton as her emails are investigated by
the f.b.i. saying that allegations of wrongdoing is a political witch-hunt. as many as 60 emails may have contained classified information, according to a report today they are call food deserts, areas with limited access to nutritious feud. seven years later the problem remains for 46 million americans. as hendren reports from chicago, 800,000 people rely on food donations. >> here in chicago. part of the american farm belt, the hungry line up for food. >> we don't have enough food today >> reporter: no, how come? >> the plane didn't come. >> this is the face of hunger in america. >> it helps me out with my groceries when you are on a fixed income. and i have an 11-year-old and a 35-year-old to feed. >> reporter: in the world's largest food exploiting nation,
across town from where the commodity exchange sets food prices for the world, 311 wait for hours for free produce. >> this is not even feeding the people who are sleeping on the streets. at the bus stations. at the train stations. it's not feeding everybody, it's feeding so much because there are people in need. >> the produce truck drops the load 50 times a month. supplementing the food kitchens. this is an oasis with food kitchens. one out of six here has food donated, in not necessarily the people you think. one of two households includes someone working, most with a roof over their heads. >> it's not a small problem, it's something na in 2008 when the recession hit, we saw a spike, and unfortunately, it hasn't gone back down.
>> we are busy. we are doing a bling business. 200,000 pounds of food a day is leaving this warehouse and distributed to food pantries, kitchens and shelters. >> in chicago, across the united states, 46 million people received food assistance from the u.s. government. >> we have chronic hunger. people across america and across the world who regularly don't know where their next meal is coming from. we have other families across the u.s., who may experience hunger, because they run pay check to pay check. >> when times are tough, those americans join in lines like this. food security experts say they are growing longer you saw the wildfires burning across the state in california, now authorities say that the wildfires are spreading. several fires are burning in the western part of the state. 30 homes have been destroyed. 75 other buildings damaged or
destroyed as well. there's no reports of injuries, but a 70-year-old woman died when she fell. more than 60,000 acres have been burned so far. >> this is a live look at california, that massive wildfire, tearing across the hillside. and kevin corriveau joins us. this is what we get when it just doesn't rain. >> this particular wildfire started quickly, and is spreading quickly. the temperature here for the wildfire is - the area - just check the observation. current temp tur, 102 degrees. we have a draught situation, dry hair. the winds picking up in the later part of the afternoon. the problem is we have seen so many wildfires in the west of the united states, that the fire - the service is going to be out of their budget by next week, having gone through it 2015 allocated budget.
they'll pull in from other areas. i want to take you and show you where most of the wildfires are. as you see here towards california, this is the one you were looking at here, as we go to the north, it has particularly seen a large concentration over the last couple of days of wildfires across the region, it's not the temperatures, we are looking at average temperatures across the region, it's at about 88, 84. we see cooler temperatures up here towards idaho. it's dry conditions across much of that area. i want to take you and show you not the one we were looking at, but down closer to los angeles, this was the cabin wildfire that they got in control quickly, but we were looking at dangerous temperatures. high temperatures, los angeles 93, las vegas at 109. tomorrow a swarm day, but after that, we expect the temperatures to come down slightly, but we
anti-government protesters, thousands gathering demanding the resignation of president dilma rousseff, her approval ratings falling to a low of less than 8%. civil rights leader julian bond has died. he was elected to the georgia house of representatives in 1965. it took two years, and a supreme court decision until he was able to take his seat. he left politics in 1986, serving 10 years as the leader of the nwcp. he was 75. >> in syria, government forces attacking a marketplace, killing more than 100. 300 others wounded in the spring of assaults, happening in duma it is sunday night and time for a look at the week ahead. it's summer, and for most of us that means vacation, there's new studies showing americans don't know when to take time off for themselves, not to mention their
families, we end up throwing the days away. that's report showing unused vacation is at a 40 year eye. jennifer london explains. >> reporter: you may not be surprised to hear that americans use less vacation time than before. you may be one of those people logging long hours at the office, instead of the beach. there is a cost to the unused vacation time, and it's huge. according to a travel industry trade group u.s. companies owe their employees the equivalent of 224 billion in time off. to put it into perspective, that's half the size of the counter federal deficit. it's almost as much as the gross domestic product of portugal, and 24 times the annual revenue of the n.f.l. there's more. 52.4 billion. that is what employees like you are forfeiting each year in other earned benefits. a third of paid vacation days
disappear. they can't be rolled over because of use it or lose it company policies. david bowman is a human resources consultant, hard at work on a beautiful warm sunny morning. looking forward to time off next month. why do americans leave so much unused vacation time on the table, do you think? >> first of all, they are afraid of backstabbing, if i take a vacation time, what will happen, who will try to take my job, what will happen. they may be up for a promotion or a raise, and don't want it to look like they are lazy or not productive. >> reporter: here is what is harder to calculate. the human toll. america's work centric culture created a society of burnt out worker bees. >> if you don't take time out you begin to float. you don't have that edge, that creative edge, the engaged edge. they don't become what we call
in h.r. engaged. in other words, they are not interested, their passion is no longer there. effectiveness drops down. >> by comparison, european employees appear to have no qualms about taking advantage ever any and all paid time off. workers in france are given 30 vacation days, and report using all of them. same goes for employees in denmark, germany and spain. >> in europe, it's mandated, here it's not. companies say oh, well, it's not something we have to do. for the good of the company, the good of the employer and employer's family, the cap should encourage as much as possible, do take the vacation, and take it all and with a view like this, who could argue. now, there is no law that requires employees give workers
vacation days, but most do. in 2011 more than 90% ever full-time employees get the perk. we use 77% of that time off, and it's not tied to the recent economic downturn. in fact, vacation day usage is at its lowest point in 40 years, four decades. why do we do it, or in this case don't do it? >> some of us fear getting behind at work, others argue that no one else can do the job that i do or we can't afford an expensive trip. that's why many prefer stay occasions or staying at home or tour aring the city that they -- touring the city that they live in. the founder of work place trends.com, and a pulitzer prize winner journalist or online columnist, and the editor of divided, the perils of our growing inequality, joining us live from rochester. i'll begin with you, let me ask
this question. are either of you doing this interview on your vacation, are you wearing kakky shorts beneath the set. >> i wish. vacation is changing. the average work week is not 40 hours a week, it's 47. we did it too. multiple studies, people do not have enough time for personal interest, it's the abolishment of work-life balance, when i was on vacation in barcelona, i was on the beach but had to answer emails, you are a business owner, you are always on the clock. >> how did the people with you look at you when you answered the emails, do you get the looks of scorn? >> we did a study and found despite the increasing work say and workers getting work place burnout. what is happening is people are accepting of it. employees are happy, despite the hours that they have to put in for the same salary or less. >> this is truly an american
phenomenon, people in europe leave the job for weeks at a time. is it really fear, or do we feel that the office can't survive without us? >> well, as to your first question, no, i'm not on vacation, and since i'm no longer anyone's employee, except for my part-time job teaching at the law school, i don't get vacation as an entrepreneur. is the reason people are not taking vacation, i think there is, as the human resources guy who was interviewed by jennifer london said, a great deal of fear by people, that if they are gone, the company will see them as not necessary, they may get stabbed in the back, because there's a culture creating this as an underlying problem. in addition, there's an important roll by all the electronic communication. people go on vacation, and the box can text them, email them, phone them and say "can you do this little thing?", the engineer that i'm at in
rochester new york, is supposed to be on vacation, but is in here understanding the studio so i can talk. >> dan, more than half of americans have gone 12 months without a vacation. are we in danger of burning out? >> we are. over half the employees say they are burnt out, based on research. what has happened after the recession, companies are slow to hire, interview processes extended. they are hiring less and pressure on the people... >> people know the boss will fire them regardless of whether they work 40 or 50 hours a week. the recession approved that. companies said we can get by without you, employees know that. >> exactly. and it's all about pleasing the shareholders, talent if that is the most expensive resource, it looks better for the shareholders if you increase the profits. >> what is wrong with using vacation to do things around the
house, which is taboo in some cultures, some argue it's therapeutic to do the painting job or the honey dew list that the wife gives us. >> i am not sure that staying home is a problem. my wife is a c.e.o. of a large charitable endowment. she is about to take time off. we'll stay home, read books, maybe go to an afternoon movie, things like that. not taking vacation, not taking a break sa problem. it's part -- break is a problem. it's part of a culture in which workers have no power because of the decline of unions, the data we see on the average number of hours that americans are working, i suspect, is low, because lots of people work off the books extra hours, outs of concern, as deanne points out that their company will shed them. >> i was struck by what you told our producer, that the bottom 90% of americans have an average income that adjusted for inflation is the same as in 1956
or 1957, hard to do travel or taking a baseball game with flad incomes. the median wage has been unchanged now for about 17 years. half of workers in america make 520 a week or less. when you do full-time work, it's better, more in the neighbourhood of $40,000 than 28,000 a year. but without a question, the remuneration earnt by workers has been flat to falling except for talent. the u.s. government tracks 60 levels of pay, and in 2013 the only group that got more money than on average in 2012 was the handful of jobs, 100 paying $50 million or more. anyone under $50 million made less money in 2012 - 2013, than in 2012.
dan, it's just us. take a look at us, the average paid vacation days in europe versus the united states. germany and spain topping the list at 34 days vacation. france 31. by contrast take a look at this. u.s. workers, three weeks or 21 days. some corporations treat their employees differently, depending where they work, a computer employee in england may get more time off even though they are working for the same company, something is wrong. >> the culture in europe is different. st. >> it's time to take more vacation. >> is the culture of the fear to lose of the job making it that it's not a factor. >> it's the combination replaced by someone overseas, they'll get more productivity out of them. it's more than this. what is really happening is
aside from the pressure, they have all the competitiveness from the people around them. if they can't perform, they sink to the bottom, and their competitively - their peers will get the promotion over them. and that is a fear. >> is the issue of vacation something that slips understand the radar of trade agreements that we hear about, like n.a.f.t.a. and the t.p.p., is that by accident or design? >> well, it's not in those agreements. we haven't seen all of it. i'll be shocked if it turns out to be there. it's parts of a global change that is going on anywhere. the devaluation of currencies, throughout asia and china is connected with pushing down worker wages and workers don't have money to buy goods and services, and that is weakening the worldwide economy. it's an imbalance. in world war i, the french had people in some industries work
seven days a week instead of five to increase production. and it fell 20%. people need time off to recharge. >> let's close by answering this question, and i'll start with you, david. is the facts that u.s. workers are walking away from their vacation time, an indication that the so-called 1% has won. has u.s. workers bought into the mentality that the bottom line is the only bottom line. >> well, i think they have not organised and pushed back, and let me be clear, it's not the 1% that is a problem. it's the tenth of 1% and above. 2 million a year and upclass that is a problem. yes, i think that workers feel that they don't have any choice, and that is not a good thing. it's not market economics. >> dan, 20 seconds, your take. >> 100% accurate. people are more accepting that this is the knew reality, you know what, every year it will get harder on them. it's a tough time to be an
employee in america founder of workplace trends, and also an online columnist for al jazeera in rochester new york. thank you both for being with us. major british retailers are criticized for not paying certain taxes on duty free goods sold at airports. retailers pocketed the savings. passengers are fighting back. we go to london for the details. >> reporter: picking up last-minute bargains before catching a flight. for the past 15 years shops demanded customers show boarding basses. many thought it was to do with security, but now retailers are identifying people claiming outs of the european union and reclaiming 20% in value-added tax or sales tax included in prices. >> this is money that should go to the chancellor because you are flying within the e.u., and it's the legally due v.a.t., or
coming back to you, because you as a traveller are supposed to get the benefit of travelling without having to pay tax on your purchases, not the airport retailer. >> but now there's a revault by customers, refusing to show boarding passes. the campaign whipped up by social media across the u.k. . >> i was outraged that the shops seemed to be - one could almost say literally stealing the money from the customers in an underhand and in a way that is not transparent. >> they are taking my money, fleecing me and not paying it back. it's not good enough. i'm travelling friday and they are not seeing my boarding pass. >> retailers say they are not doing anything illegal, some claiming it would be impossible to have a dual pricing system. that's rubbished by consumer groups. >> it's one of the busiest times of the year for the british airports. every day thousands fly outside the e.u. for their summer
holiday. the idea that they may be rippeded off by shops at the airport is threatening to cause a consumer revolt. >> a spokesperson for heath row, the busy airport says where showing a border pass is not legally required and customers do not wish to share the information, passengers will be able to shop without the boarding pass being scanned. the u.k. government confirmed the v.a.t. relief at airports is meant to benefit travellers rather than increase profits for retailers. things may really only change if enough travellers save their money for when they get to their destination. a fierce dispute inside siberia, a look at what happens when reindeer herders face off against big oil in russia's great wide north.
this is another live look at the californian town a short while ago. a fire retardant plane flying over, burning more than 200 acres in the hill, north of the san fernando valley, this is the plane flying back over the region preparing to make another drop. it's one of a rash of wildfires burning out west.
kevin corriveau up in a second to tell us about the drought and how it is fuelling conditions out west. elsewhere the f.a.a. is working with ire lines to return to rock airlines to return to normal service. hundreds of flights were delayed because of a technical glitch at an air traffic chrome center outside of the washington d.c. the automation problem was fixed. departures from all three airports ground to a halts in washington r, new york was affected. good news on the weather front. there may be a cool down in the northern plains. not bad. it's cool, and relative to what is hot. >> a drop of 30 degrees is cool. >> that'll work. >> if you were with us last night we talked about major champions, in bismark, 99 degrees, right now we are at 62 degrees because a cold front is slipping down. not only do you see cooler conditions, but a 30 degree drop
in the area is considerable. we get the clashing of cold air and warm air, causing the thunder storms right here. that is the big problem through the rest of the evening. a big relief in temperatures to the north, to the south. it will be quite warm. this is what it looks like tomorrow. cool, but this front pushing through is going to start to really stall out, if you want to call it that. we'll see a bit of activity of rain to the north, and a lot of thunder storms down here to the south. then as we go towards tuesday, that will push a little more towards the east, look at the high temperature for tuesday. rapid city, high temperatures in the middle of august, seeing about 59 degrees. i want to take you to the atlantic. we have not talked about the atlantic. to the east we talked about the development. we talked about porto rico and
the -- porto rico and the drought situation, we need the tropics to heat up. those islands in are - a lot of them - are in drought. >> it's been a quiet season. thank you kevin corriveau japan is warning residents living near an active volcano to get ready to leave. the volcano is off the shore. it has been 600,000 residents, the government raising the eruption warning to the second-highest level. the volcano is 30 miles from the sindhi nuclear power plant that started last tuesday. >> in russia they are called small numbers of indigenous people. 40 are legit, many holding on to lifestyles despite government efforts and the spread of the oil industry across what is their homeland. rory challands spoke to a man fighting to keep his way of life. >> reporter: they tell many stories about this lake, that stone people have been pulled
from the depth, that the gods use it to reach earth. sergey has his own tale of how he became the sacred lakes guardian. >> translation: you need to feel it and it changes ever much before, a bear chased me. when i guarded the lake, he left me alone. after this, he went not for me. >> reporter: protecting the landscape is, perhaps, bringing sergey danger from a different direction. last year he tangled with men from the oil wells nearby. and he says he shot their dogog after it attacked his reindeer. the prosecution charge says he threatened to kill the men. he's facing two years in ol. >> a my ribs were broken, they haven't heeled. men dressed as police beat me up. >> by condition they n hunt nomads, fishing likes and rivers, herding reindeer across
the tundra. >> since the oil industry arrived in the 1970s. the way of life has been constrained by pollution, construction and official bureaucracy. >> it is, of course, possible that sergey has not been totally truthful with us, and that he is guilty of that which he is accucused. the judge will decide one way or the other. the sad reality of this is it's a case where it's one man versus a giant system, and the odds aristiced in the system's failure. >> sergey's lawyer hopes to dismantle the charges before they reached the judge. russians courts have a 99% conviction rate, and this is a region where states-owned oil companies have enormous influence. >> when a firm ensures financial security, it's a case of a little man against the company, the company has a significant
better chance of veiningry. >> -- victory. >> reporter: they can't stop the oil companies coming here, and when they come, the roads and everything make it impossible for the tribe to carry on reindeer herding traditions. russia enshrines indigenous rights in law. but the interests of the oil-dependent state are often in conflict with the people that lived long before russians arrived. sergey's case is a small example of this still ahead. uncommon commodes. they may be a staple of every day life. elsewhere, toilets can be a luxury. >> i'm in india, where the government pledged to construct separate toilets for girls in government schools. coming up, we see how construction is going, and why it's an important issue for
young women in india are dropping out of school because of a lack of rest rooms. a year ago the prime minister said he would fix the problem. we go do a school in new delhi to see if things have gotten better. >> reporter: they are learning the basic lessons, now the students can also take care of their basic demeeds at school things to this toilet courtesy of the government. it doesn't look more than a hole in the ground, but it's making a world of difference at this school. this girl says the old toilet was unusable, but this one is better than the one she has at home. >> translation: the toilet before this didn't always have running water, this one does. the old toilet smelt bad. not this one. it has the proper wash basin, unlike the old toilet. school officials say the grant from the government to build a
toilet means students don't skip class. >> translation: girls had to go home to use the toilet. that's why they needed one here, so they wouldn't have to leave school. girls have benefitted from this. >> it's a different story several kilometres away at another school in the same district. here there are separate toilets for girls, but a lack of maintenance make them less than ideal to use. many existing toilets are in this condition, or worse, with unreliable plumbing and smelling of sewerage, some organizations that have been building separate toilets for girls say the government's pledge is the right idea, but hard to achieve in a year. sanitation experts say another year is nigheded to ensure no school is left out and to guarantee the quality of construction, and that the prime minister's support made a notable difference. >> i never saw high officials running from this, pillar to
post, to get them built in the schools. everyone is trying hard to do it at the earliest. on the one hand it is encouraging that it is built, taking place. that is important. i certainly agree that this is the time for the companies studies show female attendance increase at schools that have a clean separate toilet for them, meaning the drive to finish building the rest, and maintain them has as much to do with education as it does with sanitation finally, disney's magic kingdom will be a portal to the star wars universe. disney announcing it is building star wars themes expansion at disneyland and world. they give you an idea of what is on the drawing board. the goal is to make you believe they are on a planet on a galaxy
far, far away. disnigh didn't say when the new attractions would be open. thank you for joining us, back with another hour of news at 11:00p.m. eastern, 8:00p.m. pacific. see you then. >> and the winner is...stephen boyer. >> the biggest goal of my life is that i'm gonna be this super filmmaker. my parents invested in a private school to get me into a top university. tri five. but the more i think about it, the more i realize i've been living a pointless life. it's made me question if i totally wanna go to college. >> i really liked asu. if i had the money i would go there. i grew up poor and i am poor. but colleges don't really give aid to undocumented students. i really need help to pay for my tuition. i'm looking for someone who may be willing to help me fund my education. i definitely am frustrated that