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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 21, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT

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>> north korea's leader orders his troops to be ready for war. >> we are in doha. also ahead, just hours after the greek prime minister quits, members of his own party announce plans to go it alone. >> the terror, the confusion. it was something unbearable. >> two years since chemical attacks in syria kill hundreds. we speak to survivors still waiting for justice.
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>> reporter: some of the refugees are at the greek island. to one is checking in for a holiday and no one knows when they will be checking out. jim kyung un ordered his troops to be prepared for war. according to state media, he's told the army's front line troops to be fully prepared to launch operations. earlier this month south korea accused the north of planting land mines. south korea restarted broadcasting propaganda across the border on huge loud
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speakers. the north fired missiles. the south fired dozens back. harry is near the border between south and north korea. >> reporter: here we are about five kilometers away from the demilitarized zone. there is an air raid shelter distance. there is a handful of people, mainly elderly people and children still underground in that shelter. they say there is a level of worry despite they are used to these warnings living where they do right on the edge of the border. they heard the retaliatory fire after the north korean rocket was launched on thursday afternoon. south korea says it will respond resolutely to any proof case. north korea says it's the south that's doing the provoking. it denies having launched rocket
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fire. it does say that south korea has to end loud speaker propaganda forecasts or there will be military action. the alert levels here remain high. >> bj kim is an adjunct professor. he says the war footing is unusual despite years of tit for tat attacks. >> we have had this before. we had occasional exchange of fires. in my recollection, however, the north korean leader raising the level of alertness for the military up to this, right next to the war declaration level is unusual to me. so, indeed, exchange has been there, they have been there before. but this kind of stated level of alert itself is quiete quite un.
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some people say we should offer reconciliation, not backing down on the military side of t i don't know whether that kind of solution would be realistic or not. there is conservative view that we have to do all we can to be tough on north korea's provocation here. the nation is divided in terms of its opinion. greece's rulinger is reis a party has split. they will form their own movement. there's been dissent since the leader accepted a bailout program with eu creditors. the split comes just hours after he resigned. let's get more on this from athens. what does this do for plans now that the decenting members of
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his party made it official and are now going it alone? >> reporter: as we have been saying, this split is one of the key reasons why the elections are taking place now. they have to clear its own house. they have to sort out who is going to be with him in the new government if he is re-elected to power roughly a month from now and who is going to go their own way into a pro national currency party, one that will presumably join forces with other left-wing parties, to clear the 3% threshold in the popular vote and oppose all austerity whether it comes with bailout money and reform or not. now, this 25 figure that you mentioned really stems from a list of mps who signed an article against the new bailout agreement about a month ago and who sided with the back ventures
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who were a very small number, about half a dozen. so it is clearly this third bailout loan that he signed on to and done its u-turn on austerity that caused the rift and caused up to a third of the 149 mps to part ways with the prime minister. >> how are people in greece reacting to all of this and the prospect of yet another electi election? >> it's not a welcome prospect to most people that i have spoken to. people do know that the average life expectancy of governments has fallen since the crisis in 2008. in fact, it's fallen by at least half. the conservatives ruled for two and a half years, but socialists before them for two years and there was an interim unelected prime minister for four months, if you remember, at the end of 2011, the last time that greece
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nearly dropped out of the eurozone. it's become the new normal, if you like. politics here are unstable, that governments are insecure and that the opposition to austerity which accompanies all of these bailout loans that greece's european creditors have provided is a growing camp. the trouble is that it's also introducing an asymmetrical triinto greek politics. the popular vote is against austerity on the whole. you saw that on the july 5 referendum. 62% of greeks voted against moral austerity. but in parliament, once people get to parliament, a compromise is made. lawmakers tend to opt for austerity in order to keep greece within the eurozone preferring to choose the responsible option.
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because nobody here really feels that they have got the political authority to take greece on the adventure that it would be to go back to national currency. that is unchartered territory. it's unclear that greece is in any state of preparedness for that venture. australia is considering a request from the united states to carry out air strikes against isil in syria. australia is already involved in an air campaign in neighboring iraq. the prime minister cited leg issues around his country's involvement in syria. but he also says he will carefully consider the pentagon's request. the decision is expected in a few weeks. the syrian army says an israeli air strike killed one of its soldiers and left seven injured. the army was responding to rockets fired into northern israel. the armed group jihad, but the
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syrian government was responsible. macedonia declared a state of emergency on its southern and northern borders on thursday. 42,000 have entered the country in the last two months. many are fleeing conflict in iraq, syria and afghanistan. a lot of those refugees have been arriving in greece. international humanitarian agencies are stretched to their limits and say they are not getting enough help from local authorities. we report from the island. >> reporter: the sea front at the height of the holiday season has become a refugee camp. tourists lingered here for the view, they don't anymore. outside the police station, frustration risings by the day. those with more claims are given
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priority and processed quickly. others fend for themselves. >> thank you, thank you, thank you. >> i want you to be quiet. >> reporter: international agencies are trying to speed up a process that's slow. they are getting little help from the local authorities. >> we have offered the municipal authorities our support. we can provide services. >> how quickly? >> we can provide it quickly. but we need them to provide us a site where we can put the tents. >> so the greeks are dragging their feet? >> we haven't received any information yet. >> contagious diseases, diseases that are coming from their countries, malaria cases.
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tb. >> could the authorities be doing more, do you think? >> they could help a little bit more. a little bit more. >> how long have you been here? >> 20 days, five day, ten days, 20 days. >> during that time have you had any help, any support? >> no. everything is very bad now here. >> where do you want to go? >> germany. >> germany? >> yes. >> germany. >> you? >> germany. >> germany. >> there was a day when multiple nationalities gathered around this pool, german, dutch, british holiday makers. now they come from nigeria, pakistan, afghanistan. the hotel captain offers holidays from hell. back on the coastal strip, the restaurants complain that the refugees have driven business away. in the mayor's office there seems to be a reluctance to
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offer more practical assistance. the tourists walk on in search of a place to eat with a better view. stay with us here on al-jazeera, still to come, low on staff and supplies, we are in iraq where the country's healthcare system is struggling to survive. and back bending and mind bending, we look at a circus with a difference.
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>> could normalization change cuba forever? >> i'm afraid for cuba. >> we ask cubans about their hopes and fears. >> i would love to see my business grow into a transnational company.
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>> hello again. the top stories, north korea says it ordered its troops to be ready for war with south korea. the south has also put its military on its highest alert level. greece's ruling party has split, 25 members of parliament say they will form their own movement. that comes hours after the prime minister resigned and called for new elections. getting reports that police in macedonia fired tear gas at thousands of refugees trying to cross the border from greece. macedonia declared a state of emergency on its southern and northern borders on thursday. 15 people have been killed in government air raids over eastern syria. medical sources said the planes target would a town in the countryside. it's under isil control and is a regular target. opposition activists say the syrian government is
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deliberately targeting civilian neighborhoods. two years ago as many as 1500 people died when rockets fill with sarin gas. the government denies being behind the chemical attack and survivors are worried they will never get justice. >> reporter: the dead and the dieing, there was no blood on their bodies, noviceble injuries. the attack is what they had seen before, rockets carrying chemicals landed in august 21, 2013. >> it took seconds before i lost my ability to breathe. i wasn't able to breathe or even to scream to alert my friends. so i have to like pound my chest really hard just to try to take a single breath. i felt like someone was cut
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canning my chest with a knife. >> reporter: he has a life in the united states, but he remembers that day clearly. >> it was a scene from judgment day. dozens of people, men, women, children running and falling on the ground, suffocating. the terror, the confusion. it was something unbearable. i just didn't know what to do. >> reporter: this man did, he was a photographer working in syria, he wanted to document the evidence of a crime he believed the world should see. >> i asked the doctor about what i need to know. so he show me the dark, the dark blue of the color that been changed. the eyes and the things coming out from their mouth. >> reporter: even though he covered the war for many years, he can't forget what he saw that day. >> i'm a war photographer. to me, to see a dead body with blood, it's normal. when you see them, you think
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like they are sleeping. then you realize after like one and two seconds, your reality becomes facing what's really going on. >> reporter: reality faced him before. he was an activist where he used to film the suffering of people who continued to live under siege. since the attack he tried to raise awareness even at u.n. and u.s. congress. but it has all been in vain. >> honestly, i feel like i did nothing. i feel like after all this talking, all the people that i met, i just knew like thousands there is no hope. >> reporter: they concluded there was sarin gas. but didn't have the mandate to accuse anyone.
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sri lanka's prime minister has been sworn in. his party won 106 seats in the parliamentary election. that was seven short of majori majority. >> reporter: taking orders, the prime minister of sri lanka and now the presidential secretary. he has his work cut out for him. he won the election with 106 of 225 seats. essentially that includes developing the economy, fighting corruption ensuring freedom for all as well as investing in infrastructure and education. but before getting on with that, the prime minister will have to stabilize government. he does have 106 seats, but
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needs the simple majority, the magic number of 113 in order to make sure his government is safe and stable. he does have the support. they have been bringing over his sri lanka freedom party and the united people's freedom alliance who agreed to create a national government to take this country forward for at least two years to start with. haiti's elections are about to be reheld. during the first round on august dead. it will be held in late october. iraq's top shia cleric warned the country faces possible partition. government reform issues need to
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be introduced immediately. it's one of several calls made by the cleric this month. more protests are expected across iraq after friday prayers to keep the pressure on the government to follow up on its promise of reforms. people are sick of power cuts and food shortages as well as violence. the health system is flat lining. >> reporter: at baghdad's hospital, this doctor doles out medical care and dispenses hard truths. >> tough the challenge s living in a city with violence, daily violence, living in a city with no infrastructure and trying your best to do the best for those patients, it's not easy. >> reporter: while this government run facility is cleaner and better stocked than other hospitals and clinics,
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it's not immune to the crisis spreading through a healthcare system here many consider decaying and diseased. the shortage of supplies and well trained staff is nothing new in iraq. but things are getting worse. even storing medicines at the right temperature is difficult. the medication stored inside here must stay constantly refrigerated. they have to keep working. during this record heat wave at a time when there are so many power cuts, this hospital and others are relying on backup generators. back inside, patients find that even on a slow day, wait times are long. >> translator: if i had a critical condition and needed immediate surgery, i would have to wait a month to get my turn and that's not practical at all. >> reporter: going to a private hospital would be far too expensive for this couple. the ministry of health isn't the
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only institution in the country struggling to deliver medical aid. the united nations recently announced a funding gap forcing 80% of front line health services in iraq to shut down. 1 million people are affected. >> it means the kids who were going to be imknew niced aren't going to be. the pregnant woman who needed help, they are not going to receive assistance. >> three million people are displaced inside iraq. >> it's painful, it hurts. the people who need us the most right now, we are walking away from them. when you are in a clinic that yesterday was providing antibiotics and today is closed because we don't have the funding, you have nothing but shame. you are ashamed. >> reporter: another blow to a country whose people need more help but are receiving less and less. peru's congress passed a law allowing military to shoot down
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any aircraft suspected of smuggling drugs. peru is the world's top producer. small planes are used to transport cocaine abroad. the speaker of brazil's lower house of congress and the former president have been charged in the country's largest corruption scandal. he's accused of taking a $5 million bribe. he's the first politician to be charged in the bribery scandal. thousands of supporters and opponents marched across the country. the unemployment rate is the highest in five years and the economy is sliding into recession. a former u.s. president
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jimmy carter is being treated for cancer. the 90-year-old reflected on his life and future in a frank and open news conference to discuss his recent diagnosis. >> reporter: former u.s. president jimmy carter has not shied away from criticism, visiting countries the u.s. considers unfriendly. he briefed the press on his cancer diagnosis, in the time he has left, he would like to see peace between israel and palestine. >> i think the prospects are more dismal than any time i remember in the last 50 years. the government of israel has no desire for a solution. the united states has practically no influence compared to past years in either
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israel or palestinian. >> reporter: his foundation had great success. with his health, the parasight found in water is being killed off. facing melanoma that has spread to his brain, he was serene about his prospects. >> i thought i had a few weeks left. but i was surprisingly at ease. i have had a wonderful life, i have had thousands of friends and i have had an exciting and gratifying existence. so i was surprisingly at ease, much more so than my wife was. >> that is his greatest accomplishment. the one thing he wish he did differently? >> i wish i sent one more helicopter to get the hostages. i would have been re-elected.
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that may have interfered with the foundation of the carter center. if i had to choose between four more years and carter center, i think i would choose the carter center. >> a center that has promoted peace, human rights and better health across the world. he will now focus on his own, beginning treatment soon after leaving the stage. saying he is not angry or sad, but grateful and looking forward to this new adventure. on the annual fringe is the biggest arts festival, most famous for comedy. but one venue has invested $1 million in two circus big tops. >> reporter: roll up to the big top tents where you will find a circus revolution in full swing.
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gone are the lions and clowns. borders and crossings are one theme. the palestinian troop exposed freedom mixed with security checks with acrobatics. with no tradition of circus, the two devised their own style. >> it's my role in society is to spread awareness to raise the question in the people not only to entertain the people, it's part of my job. but also through entertainment we could also go out of questions and the question our daily life; question ourselves. >> the belgium truth put the plight of the refugee onstage, depicting a crossing of the sea
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and the anguish of the most vulnerable. it's dark and disturbing. >> i'm pleased with the direction the circus is taking. i found it being a fresh new art form that was finding new ways to talk about quite hard topics. >> it's a huge financial gamble, but the promoters believe the festival should be a showcase for can i sirius in the same way it is for comedy and theater. >> this is the festival, you should push the boundaries. where stuff does evolve, new things come along. it's the right home to try something like this. so far the audiences have been receptive. >> with these shows, circus is being reinvented. there is spectacle and danger. there have been two accidents this year canceling shows. but there are stories being told and issues explored. with no rules, performers can jump from politics to pole
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vaulting. and no words makings this fresh new art form appeal to a wide ranging audience. leaving them all wanting more. lots more on our website as ever, explore. i'm phil torres. tonight sharks. both people avoid sharks. we're out to meet them. tag them. learn all about this pep. >> sharks don't eat people. >> five days and nights at sea on our especially rigged shark laboratory. exhort research is next. lindsay moran is an ex-c.i.a. operative, and dr. shay is an