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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  August 30, 2015 5:00pm-6:01pm EDT

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this is al jazerra. ♪ ♪ ♪ hello, i am marian, this is the news hour live from london. coming up in the next 60 minutes, europe's refugees crisis. human rights groups says hundred began vinnie plans to reform rights laws will encourage people smuggling. the warring sides in south sudan's conflict accuse each other of vie lighting a truce just days after a peace deal was signed. the centerpiece of the ancient city of palmyra, the temple of bell is destroyed by
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aisles. protests in malaysia are calling for the prime minister to step down. government says the rallies are illegal. i am raul in doha, i'll have the sport including banking the bank. manchester city sign the belgian international for $90 million nearly a year after he was discarded by chelsea. ♪ ♪ hello. our top story. human rights organizations say changes to asylum-seeking laws planned by hungary's government encourage more people smuggling, including the tightening of boarders and returning refugees to his serbia, the last border they crossed. further at this time mantling the overwhelming asylum practice test in hungary, from budapest andrew simmons reports. >> reporter: for now this is home for people who left war
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zones looking for sanctuary and they go go no further, many were not warned not to buy international rail tickets and police stopped them from boarding trains. this syrian mother spent the last of her savings on nonrefundable tickets, now she regrets not paying people smugglers instead. >> translator: i feel angry, all countries helped us, december 00 gare, macedonia let us cross, let us use the train going to serbia. every day we walked thousands reach the boarder and my feet became swole em. toyed carry my baby all the way, i am exhausted. >> reporter: she has lit help. there are only a few volunteers giving advice to the refugees. >> we cannot only blame the smugglers because we are giving incentive to the smugglers, giving them better business by not letting these people take a train. >> reporter: hungary's government significant knowinger all criticism about how they are
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handling crisis, it stands accused of stripping away the rights of refugees and preparing a raft of new sledge solution which could mean thousands of refugees are sent back to serbia. nearly all of the refugees here are crossed from serbia. hungary is defining its neighbor as a safe third country, one of several changes. >> any asylum seeker who crossed serbia will have no valid claim in hundred gare, their claim will be rejected at first sight without considering any protection, without considering why they left war in syria and afghanistan on iraq. >> reporter: most of the efforts to help refugees are voluntary. here donated produce is being prepared to feed more than 1,500 people. >> just couldn't stay at home and see what is going on. we, all of us here feel that we are human beings and we should respect and treat these refugees as other fellow human beings so that they would not feel that they are treated as animals and
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terrorists. >> reporter: the hungry are grateful for the help but it's going to get worse for them. there are plan to his clear so-called transit zones like this. and enclose people in fenced off off areas away from the public. these people came a long way to end up like this. and it could hardly be described as sanctuary or refuge. andrew has also been trying to get a response from the hungarian government. this is what he told us earlier. >> reporter: now we put the points raised in that report to a government spokesperson who referred us to a general news release from the ministry of interior, dealing with calls for these people to go to germany, austria, he said that as far as he was concerned, if they didn't have visas and passports they couldn't travel anywhere within europe, they could only stay in hungary if they have temporary residency permits which would be accompanied by an asylum application, they would then have to go to the asylum
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practice tess which will be speeded up and once that process was over, they would either be successful and stay here or leave. >> three syrian children pack ed in a van with refugees in austria have now disappeared from the hospital where they were being treated. the 25-year-old girls and six-year-old boy were suffering from severe dehydration, it's thought their families may now be trying to take them to germany. 26 people were discovered close to the border the day before 71 refugees were found dead in the back of a lory. the european union says it goes will hold a meeting to discuss how best to deal with the refugees. hundreds of thousands have crossed the mediterranean so far this year. many trying to reach italy. but their treatment is perhaps not what they might have expected. >> reporter: a cry for help from
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a refugees center that looks more like a prison. these are some of the 64 nigerian women rescued in july from the mediterranean sea. like thousands before and after them, they were hoping for a better life in europe. but their rescuers became their jailers. they are being held in one of italy's identification and expulsion centers. a one-stop shop before did he deportation.
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>> reporter: this is not officially a prison, but it certainly looks like one. refugees are locked behind bars and their freedom of movement is limited. we have been told that we cannot film inside the rooms, but the girls here told me that their room is overcrowded, they sleep on hospital beds. it's overheated. too many mosquitoes. there is a blood and the stretch keeps them away at night. human rights organizations are helping the women apply for asylum. but if they are freed, they say they risk going from prison to slavery. >> we are trying to as attorney whether they have been trafficked for purposes of sexually exploitation. in our experience, most nigerian women are trafficked to be forced in to prostitution.
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our main concern is that in the absence of proper protection, these women may be revictimized. either in italy by the same networks that have trafficked them to begin with, or back in nigeria for the same reasons that have forced them to leave the country. >> reporter: the outcome of their asylum status request will be known in a couple of weeks, in the meantime these women will continue to wait anxiously and impatiently for a better future they risked their lives for. to south sudan now where rebels in the army are accusing each other of violate a ceasefire just hours after it came in to effect. the fighting has been centered on unity and upper nile states, with both sides saying that their positions have been attacked. south sudan has been at war since december 2013 when former size president led a rebellion against the man that suck are sacked him the president.
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sin then 10s of thousands of people have died and 2 million otherhave fled their homes. the president signed the peace deal on wednesday which includes both sides including taking responsibility for the war. the other had signed it nine days before. >> reporter: there have been credible reports today that the ceasefire has been violated just hours after it came in to effect. al jazerra spoke to the president's spokesperson who claimed that it was the rebel side, the opposition who were the aggressors. >> well, it is a blaming game on the side of the rebels. the rebels did not have a ceasefire until yesterday. thus the rebel leader declared a permanent ceasefire and there is a question of whether he really controls them simply because the last two months, they -- the last two weeks or so, the 13 commanders denounced him and
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maybe these are the people that are still actually carrying out to fight because they say they will not honor what he says. >> reporter: for their part the opposition claim it's them who has been attacked by the government forces along the river nile. but what today has really shown is a very great need for a monitoring mechanism in place. at the moment it's almost impossible to say who was the aggressor and who is responsible for violating this peace deal. joining me now in the studio to discuss this further is michael, he is research associate for the center for african studies at the school of oriental and african studies near london. good to have you with us. both sides are accusing each other of violating the ceasefire, how difficult is it going to be to verify exactly who, perhaps, carries the burden of responsibility for this agreement not succeed something. >> yeah. with the best within the world the monitoring mechanism is never going to be able to police every single patch and are every single skirmish.
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so we'll have to treat, you know, any of these violations as unnecessary background noise. i think what really needs to happen is for the party to his concentrate on actually implementing the agreement. so, for example, in 30 days time, all of the forces need to kind of come together and put together a temporary military architecture that will prepare the space for permanent ceasefire. >> it didn't take long for this deal to breakdown. is there a genuine willingness on both sides to make this work, to turn this in to a more permanent ceasefire as you say? >> well, that is difficult to say. i mean, both parties, both leaders of both parties would really want to remain in power. and as it stands, if they can't call his troops to order even when he's actually implementing the agreement he's supposed to coordinate the whole agreement pacpack tickpack technical i.
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that's a big question, for example. we need to look to how the two parties can immaterial compliment the agreement as toss paper. >> it seems unrealistic at this point both sides are accusing each other for this not working. how likely is it that within the first 40 days we'll see forces coming tote to have a central army to demilitarize juba eventually. >> strategically the military chiefs can agree to form a cohort of a temporary architecture. then that should be in place. and then subsequently, be able to pull together the rest of what's on the rest of the agreement. >> do the leaders on both sides have enough control of their forces and fighters to be able to actually implement this
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agreement. will the generals take orders, for example? >> the generals assign barracks so it's easy to track their violations on the rebel side it's not easy to do. you can't even tell who they are acting on behalf of. we don't know what potential backroom deals may be. but there are certain things we can control really and certainly things which one has to be based on trust. so i think the main thing really is the commitment to attempt to implement the agreement. that's where we need to watch the space on really. >> thank you very much, michael, for sharing your analysis with us. appreciate it. michael from here in london. much more still to come for you on this news hour. push today the limit. yemen's medical community calls for more help to treat the sick examine wounded. rebuilding their lives, we meet the nigerian farmers who are
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finally returning to their forms after being forced out by thieves. coming enough sport we'll tell butt winnowers of the final event at the world athletics championships in beijing. ♪ ♪ now, fighters from the so-called islamic state of iraq and the levant have reportedly blown up part of the temple of bell in the ancient syrian city of palmyra. they are said to have used more than 30-tons of explosives to detroit part of the ynez co world heritage site. the simple was built in 32b.c. and is one of the most significant structure structuren palmyra dedicated to the symmetric god bell. coming two days after a french space agency confirmed the destruction of a nearby temple. joining me via skype now is journalist who specializes in syrian analysis. thank you very much for taking the time to speak to us.
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how important a structure is this in palmyra? >> these temples in palmyra attest to the extraordinary layers of history that existed in the area. a syrian, roman, christian and even islamic. but crucially, these layers of history were built on top of one another and these structured embodied and preserved them. obviously what the islamic state is doing is effecting as much hostility as these buildings have exhibited tolerance for over. [ inaudible ] >> this comes after the destruction of numerous artifacts in iraq, the nearby temple, how concerned are you about the fate of the other crucial artifacts in the city of palmyra and syria now? >> i think we are confronting a very troubling paradox when it
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comes to the state of these antiquities. namely if went to preserve them we have to buy them from the islamic state and we have been doing that over the last year and before that we were doing it when other groups, other islamist groups were smuggling these artifacts out of the country n doing so we of course further the islamic state war machine. the ones that are more mobile are sellable and the ones are not detroit in these spectacular acts that seven the people of syria from their own heritage and will raise a generation of children who are unable to relate what they know about themselves to what is around them, which is a terrifying prospect. >> you mention the only way to save and preserve these artifacts is to actually buy them from isil. what sort of moral, ethical dilemmas does that raise in your view? >> as far as the -- generally, as far as the owners of these markets and the guys that operate these markets in europe are concerned, very few once
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these objects arrive in usual, their provenance is no longer of any concern and once the deal is done the snuggler gets the cut and the islamic state against an enormous share and that's it. the ethics in my view, what the ethics are again remarkably complicated but definitely shows because we know that we can't deal with the antiquities problem without dealing with the islamic state problem of course, the two things are inseparable of course it's impossible to have a meaningful strategy as far as how to preserve the an at this time quicantiquities withog isil. >> thank you very much. three areas of ramadi controlled by aisles. al jazerra has learned this move is to allowed u.s. sunni-trained force to his target the area. there are doubts as to how successful they will be against isil forces dozens of soldiers have been killed in ambushing
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attacks in ramadi in recent days, local residents have accused the saudi-led coalition of killing 36 civilians during a strike on a bottling plant in yemen. the attack happened in the northern province. a coalition spokesman denied a civilian target had been hit and said that it was a bomb factory. well, with any war, it's civilians who pay the heaviest price in yemen's southern city of aden. hospitals are struggling to care for those caught in the cross fire between houthi rebels and saudi-led coalition air strikes. doctors and medical staff say they don't have the supplies and equipment they desperately need to offer adequate care. that tash gnatasha ghoneim repo. >> reporter: the war's casualties have packed aden's hospital beds. the crisis have overwhelmed yemen's already fragile healthcare system. it's also pushed doctors to the limits of the care they can provide. abdul was injured during fight, he lost his leg and needs
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advanced care, which is unavailable here. >> therthere is still shrapnel y body. we hope that the government considers our situation and sends us a broad for treatment to remove the that rail shrapned provides us with prosthetic legs. >> reporter: relative calm was returned to aden. but people living here say their healthcare system in the city needs help. many hospitals are closed. those that are open, are operating at capacity. >> translator: there is some improvement particularly in providing medications, but the big problem now is the wounded and their evacuation. >> reporter: humanitarian organizations including doctors without borders, are stepping in to fill the void. in aden and across the country. yet the security situation continues to hamper their
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ability to treat those in need. >> translator: as a happy city aden has lost its smile. however we the people of aden are holding on to the hope that the smile comes back amidst promises of the government to improve the situation. >> reporter: ending the war maya leave 80 the healthcare crisis, but doctors without borders says soaring unemployment and poverty will continue to be obstacles no yemenis who need medical attention. and for patients all they can do is wait and hope. natasha ghoneim, al jazerra. hleb needs security forces say 10 people were arrested during saturday's demonstration in the capital. it's the second weekend of mass rallies the dwell are demonstration has become a wider campaign against the government
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which protesters say is corrupt and ineffective. after months of uncertainty egypt has announced new paremelee elections. country will elect a new parliament in two stages between october and november. starting on the 18th of october. it had originally been planned for last march. al jazerra correspondent peter greste has called for the egyptian president to undo injustice and pardon him and his two colleagues. he's held a news conference in australia hours after being wrongly convict today helping the now banned muslim brotherhood. peter greste, bahar mohamed and month hammed fahmy were sentenced to three years in prison. they and al jazerra deny the allegationses. >> there has never been any evidence presented in the first trial or the second to confirm any of the allegations against us. in fact, i would like to publically challenge the prosecutor to present evidence of anything that we produced
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that was falsified. malaysia's prime minister has criticized demonstrators. they want him to resign and the amid corruptions allegations but the prime minister said their actions are not sensible. he's saying the street protests are not the right champion to voice their concerns. wayne hay reports from koala lumpur. >> reporter: they converged on the center in the 10s of thousands. calling for the resignation of prime minister. it hasn't happened yet. but the leaders of the owe called movement say their protest can be still be called a success. >> in the name of parliament for them to put in. [ inaudible ] in par lamb. this is really a message, a true signal to the prime minister that he need to go. >> reporter: behshi means clean. the protesters say the prime minister is anything but.
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they want him arrested on corruption charges. last month allegations surfaced that he had taken almost $700 million from the state investment fund. which he denies. >> they would it if he would step down, but i think most of the public realize it's not in their hands. >> reporter: this protest was also about the changing face of politics in this country. melees form the majority of the population but most demonstrators were young ethic chinese who are incresely bigging more politically active. 24-year-old ava says her and her friends are more informed and they feel emboldened. >> we are more educated and know all the news from the different parts, not only from the newspaper, maybe online and maybe on the international websites. >> reporter: they are also fighting for freedom of speech and the right to descent. this rally was declared illegal by the government because prior
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permission wasn't granted. the deputy prime minister said action will be taken in the days as. >> the people are right, the message is clear, i don't understand what the prime minister is trying to -- what kind of statement he's trying to do. is he threatening the people? i don't know. >> reporter: previous political rallies have ended in clouds of tear gas. but this was a peaceful gathering of malaysians who want to see change. it's certainly not the edge of the move for the leaders who say they won't stop until they zero form. but this country has been ruled by the same coalition for a 5080 year old so that change may not come so easy, wayne hay, al jazerra, koala lumpur. in tokyo 10s of thousands of people have been protesting against planned new laws which will allow the military to fight abroad. the contusion says it can only be used in defense. but the prime minister wants the military toy defend allies under tack. many japanese oppose the plan
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because the country has had a pacifist policy since the end of world war ii. calm has returned and some farmers are now moving back. ahmad is idris reports. >> reporter: for the first name three years, he can work on his farm. he is returning home after being forced out by thieves. for them tilling the land was impossible until a few months ago. >> we suffered and lost lives and property. we fled several times and decided not run think we can't run forever. we are still afraid, but where else can we can. >> reporter: hundreds are difficult across the region, families pushed in to poverty as thousands of cattle were stolen. communities are just beginning
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to rebuild. >> things are commo coming now. my people are coming back. no most it's a tough decision to come. we are trying to get back on our feet. but it is not easy. >> reporter: now a few are trying to raise cattle again. but the young also take advantage of the situation to have some fun at the river and these communities are less than two-kilometers from a regional security post. half the population of kuya are now back after imposed exile. for many years cattle wrestlers and bandits have terrorized these villages forces entire communities to leave. now in many liberated areas peace has returned. animals are stolen and taken far away to be sold. yet what many don't understand is how the animals are sold without anyone getting caught. the government assures those who have returned that they are
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serious. glynn where thi[ inaudible ] whs happened police posts will be there so the police can control the security of life and properties of the community there. >> reporter: but that has come too late for some. this village was raided by robbers two years ago. and the residents aren't looking forward to coming back to these ruins. mohamed idris, al jazerra, northwest nigeria. there is more for come for you on the al jazerra news hour. humane and inspirational just one of the many tributes paid to renowned neurologies and author oliver sacks month has passed away at the age of 82. mourning the missing. relatives marking mexico's day of the disappeared demands answers. and in sporting we'll tell you which all black made a miraculous recover toy make his team's rugby world cup squad.
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>> my life revolves around my kids becoming champions.
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>> i guess i just got tired of losing and then something just snapped. >> you know... concussions, fractured skulls. this is a scary situation. >> find out what happens when the gloves come off. >> go all out, make this a war. >> the highs and lows of kids' competitive sports. >> you can't go home wondering 'did i give it everything'. >> in the wake of the baltimore riots. everyday citizens are fighting to take their neighborhoods back. >> it's a movement to make a difference. >> educating. >> i feel safer in here. >> the library means something to the people here. >> healing. >> we really have to talk about how can we save lives. >> restoring. >> we given' a family a chance because some of the houses are bein' rebuilt. >> can they rescue their city?
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♪ ♪ welcome back. you are with the al jazerra news hour. let's take you through our top stories. human rights groups are criticizing plans put forward by the hungarian government which they say could leas lead to a rn people smuggling. fresh fighting in south sudan as both sides accuse each other of breaking the ceasefire after just a few hours. fighters from the isil have blown up parts of the temple of bel in the sane they want city of palmyra. the u.n. says hundreds of thousands of people have crossed the mediterranean so far this year. of those many have landed in greets yoingreece but with the s rising the government is struggling. >> reporter: these afghan children are having a little of their childhood extraordinary to them. the red cross has set up a at the present time for games inside a government-sponsored at
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the present time. they are here they have food and 24 hour medical care, but much has been taken from them. he was born in exile from his native afghanistan because his family feared for their lives. >> we are shia in afghan, there was some people that killed our people. that was what we my great today iran. iranian people was very cold actually. i am going to go to a place that accepts us, accepts us just like a person, like a human. >> reporter: more than 170,000 refugees have poured in to greece this year, most fleeing war or looking for a better life in europe. this facility is an improvement on the tent city that had sprung up in athens' largest park. local resident feared the health of public safety.
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and some 5,000 afghans that were here are been moved. the new facility attempt to strike a balance between the free for all that existed here and the policy of detention centers built by the previous conservative government. undocumented migrants were being detained indefinitely until they were agreed to be di deported tt left greece exposed yo under european law. they shutdown the camp and released its inmates but it's controversial and five other camps remain, it's the same across europe. a struggle to combine law and order with humanity. in greece the arrivals keep coming. the government has chartered this vice toll bring them from its eastern island close to turkey, these syrians, afghans and iraqis felt euphoria as they took their first steps on continent the europe sending pictures home of their save arrival. >> my family has lost more than 10 men, well, and children. because of either assad or the
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islamic state. in kobane there is nothing to eat. if you find food it is expensive and only for the rich. >> reporter: the sudden freedom is overwhelming. some families unsure of where to go. some get on buses, others head to the athens metro. on their long journey this is a respite from which they seek only a little comfort and human at this. john psaropoulos, al jazerra, athens. the death toll from the refugees crisis continues to rise. another boat carrying refugees have sunk off the coast of libya. that's according to libya's red crescent which says seven bodies have washed up east of the capital tripoli. it's not clear how many people were aboard but the coast guard has started a rescue operation. the 12-year-old palestinian boy who was pinned down against his broken arm by an israeli soldier on friday has spoken out about the incident. video of the soldier scuffling with women and children in the occupied west bank went viral after it was posted on line.
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the soldiers were reacting to stones that had been thrown at troops. mohamed's arm was in a cast when the soldier was filmed pinning him down as he tried arrest him. >> translator: i was watching when the youth threw stones at the army. and when the soldiers ban to shout a ran way. there were three soldiers. one caught my cousin, and another caught me. and i tried to runaway. but he caught me and threw me to the ground and started hitting my face with stones. and beat on my broken hand and smothered me. a french newspaper has published quotes from what appears to be a secretly recorded conversation between two journalists and a lawyer representing the moroccoan king. french journalists are being formally investigated for attempting to blackmail king mohamed the sixth. the pair were writing a book about the monarch and were arrested last week but have not yet been a charged.
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they claim one of the journalists described the content of the book and asked for 3 million euro, about $3.4 million. another round of colombia's peace talks to him do an owned sunday in huh van arm while the farc has been accepting the ceasefire the country is still at war. many residents are growing increasingly frustrated with the process. >> reporter: on the streets there are high end shopping districts, colombia long running civil conflict feels distam. here fashion rather than fighting at the forefront of people's mind. >> translator: because the fighting doesn't reach the cities a lot of people feel it's not their problem. it's somebody else's problem, that's how it works. >> reporter: some people say the talks only legitimize the farc, they are unhappy their government is talking those they consider criminals.
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>> translator: the peace process is a fraud. i don't believe in it. we would like to have a peace process, but a serious one. the government is surrendering to the grill actual thi gorillaa civil war, they are just criminals. >> reporter: when peace negotiations started 2 1/2 years ago a majority of the clock bee ans were supportive and optimistic, but as talks have dragged on, patience has ran thin. >> they say the government has done a bad job of communicating the difficulties they have encountered at the know,ing table and the types of successes it's had at the same time the farc has continue combating clock bee an security forces and the population, which has nope helped its image towards the population in general. >> reporter: today bogota is relatively safe but you don't have to look far to see the legacy of half a century of war. soldiers on the streets are still a common site in bogota, a
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reminder of the violent past. while the security situation is greatly improved here in recent jeers. elsewhere in the country the conflict continues to be a daily reality. southwest is a region which has long suffered from the conflict. like many in this area, maria is a victim of the violence. her son stepped on a land mine and survived. her brother wasn't so lucky. he was killed by the farc, still she says, it's now time to forgive. >> translator: we are still very positive about the peace talks, we hope we can get peace because we have lived too many years with the uncertainty of conflict. we are willing to forgive. it's better to forgive than to continue living with hatred. >> reporter: support for the peace process is strongest in those parts of the country directly affect the by the war. the victims of conflict remain hopeful that their patience will one day be rewarded with peace. al jazerra, colombia.
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venezuela, meanwhile, has deployed thousands of more troops to its board we are colombia as political tensions deeper between the two countries. i diplomatic row was caused when a venezuelan anti-smuggling patrol was attacked last week. venezuela's president blamed military groups in colombia. more than a thousand living there have since been deported. rallies are being held to mark the international day of the disappeared. in mexico at least 26,000 people have gone missing between 2006 and 2013. many of them were caught up in a struggle between the government and mexican drug cartels. and their relatives are now asking for answers. john hulman reports. >> reporter: 11 days ago juana castro rushed out the house to see her brother-in-law bundled in to a state police car with the license plate blacked out. >> translator: the government is meant to protect, but they do
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this instead. how is it possible that they could kidnap an innocent person? >> reporter: benito aguilar loved to sketch and tattoo. he gave juana these stars. now he's one of more than 5,000 people abducted here. more than anywhere else in mexico. not just the cartels but the armed forces smash people here. >> translator: maybe the kidnappings have gone down as authorities have fought them. but the police and armed forces like the army and the navy, have filled the gap, kidnapping more people. the torture them for information as tremendous try to infiltrate the groupings. >> reporter: ramundo has take own benito's case in the only human rights center left working in the state. everybody his small office was surrounded by marines last year. with activists and local media silent, government forces in the cartel's fight over a state
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that's a major transit point for drug smugglers as well as a route for migrants heading through to the u.s. border. honduran carlos found refuge in this shelter after being abduct and the stripped of all he had. he was let go. but many more have not been so lucky. >> translator: just leaving here makes me scared. i could be kidnapped again, every weekend the gangs hang around here waiting to see if you come out. >> reporter: many simply vanish on the roads. their bodies never found. this is juana's first protest outside the local government offices here. but mexican authorities have never shown much interest in searching for the country's 26,000 disappeared. here civil organizations estimate that 99% of the cases go unresolved. juana is just getting used to what thousands here have had to face up to. searching for her missing relative without official help. john hulman, al jazerra, mexico.
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the renowned neuroscientist and author oliver sacks has died at the aim of 82. he was an acclaimed writing whose book awakenings inspired an oscar no, ma'am nailed film it was based on his work with patience who he brought back to life after they spring years nay frozen state. joining me live from you nou from san francisco is oliver sacks' friends steve silverman, thank you very much for taking the time to speak to us a remarkably gifted man not just in neurology but in the way he looked at the world and treating his patients. just how important was his work in fostering a better understanding of disorders like epilepsy, autism, alzheimer's, schizophrenia? >> well, he was a wonderful clinical observer who had the skills of a poet or novelist.
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so he could bring both scientific rigorring and a profound humanity to his stories about his patients. and he illuminated what these conditions are like from inside. so instead of objectifying people with certainly disorders he human ices our conception of what those disorders are. what was he was fascinated by was the creative ways that people would adapt to conditions that are normally thought of as quite daunting. so he watched people's souls and lives develop while they had these conditio conditions in sug ways, he was just a beautiful, kind and, companionate man. >> tell us more about how he was able do that, how he was able to listen to what his patients told him and then imagine what i was lights to be suffering from a syndrome that he didn't have and convey it effectively in his
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writing? >> that's very well said. he would often say and not what disease the person has, but what person the disease has. so he primarily was engaged with the full humanity of the people that he was treating. one example would be temple grandin, who is now the most famous autistic person in the world probably. but at the time that he wrote an anthropologist on mars which contains his beautifully detailed and hilarious portrait of temple grandin. rain man it hart just shown the world the first autistic adult that almost anyone had ever seen even clinicians in his portrait of temple grandin he suddenly subverted the ideas that clinicians have about autism in saying that autistic people lack impact and i humor and
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imagination, he showed how she was very passionate and even capable of crafty subthat final and very, very funny and in doing so, really changed the lay public's understanding of autism in a much more companionate direction. >> you described the legacy of his work there and after witnessing the struggles of so many he described his own experience with cancer, i think he wrote in an editorial just a few months ago, he is coming face-to-face with dieing. but it's up to him how he choose to his live out his remaining months. just quickly tell us what that tells him, what that tells us about the man himself. >> i have to say he had a beautiful life and also had a beautiful death. i spoke to his assistants kate edgar this morning, he died last night with great peacefulness, he was surrounded by kate and his partner billy and he died at home surrounded by his books and
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his piano and the view of greenwich village that he loved and he and billy had traveled armed the world seeing places that they had always wanted to see. and so he gave himself a beautiful ending. as he -- as he faced the ultimate transition. >> steve silverman in san francisco, thank you very much. coming up after the break we'll have a look at sports news for you. mark marquez sees his world title hopes slip away as valentino rossi reigns at the british grand prix. details are coming up with raul in a moment.
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♪ welcome back. now, thousands of families in nepal are taking part in a festival to remember loved ones they have lost during the past year. the events which takes back to the 17th censure is a all the more significant given the 9,000 people who were killed in april's powerful earthquake. a report now from kathmandu valley. >> reporter: it's noisy and often rowdy. but this is the way that people in kathmandu valley come to terms with death. directly translated as the festival of the cow, people whose family members died this year parade around the old city to remember them. many believe these structures that symbolize cows help the dead cross over the gates of heaven. for the city, the festival is especially important this year, 343 people died here during april's earthquake.
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he lost his father and son as they were killed. >> translator: not a day goes by when i don't cry. my father had my son. both died here. but there are so many people out there who have also lost their loved ones, gives us a sense of peace. >> reporter: and that's precisely what this festival is for. the festival game famous during the reign of the 17th century king when his infant son died the queen was inconsolable with grief. to show that she was not alone the king ordered all those that had lost family members to come and parade around the city. in the old days, this was also a way for the kings to conduct a census. and over the years, the festival has developed in to a day of free speech. >> translator: when the dynasty failed, people could not freely protest. so people used the day to protest against the new rulers and tell them that this was a part of their culture so this
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day became a day of attire as well during nepal's a autocratic period this day was important to their self-esteem. >> reporter: but for those who are participating here, humor is just a side show. drowning their grief in the noises in the songs and dances most hope that they can finally cope with their loss. time no four sport now with raul. >> thank you very much. kenya finished top of the medals table at the world agent let i cans championships the final day in beijing was successful for ethiopia and provided two thrilling relays as richard parr reports. >> reporter: the 15th worked at electric championships closed with men's four-by-four hundred relay lesean merit anchors the u.s. for their sixth successive victory in the event.
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merit has involved in all of those campaigns. >> the four-by-four is the most exciting race of the championships. and it was definitely exciting with the young jamaican taking it out the way h he did. but that's the way he runs, if he would have ran any other way it wouldn't have been his way of running. you know, so he took it out and made it exciting. but as a veteran i kept my poise, you know, i kept calm and attacked when i knew i had to. >> reporter: jamaica had been overtaken after the last beans bends by the u.s. but it was the opposite in women's relay. mills beating francine to give the jamaicans the four-by-four hundred meters. canada got their second goal. derrick drouin won in the men's jump after he won in a jump off. >> i think i put more pressure myself that than i needed to. i should have made 236 and would have saved myself a lot of headache there. but it was an exciting way to get my first world championship and obviously wouldn't change anything.
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>> reporter: it was a good final day for ethiopia. dibaba became the first person from the african country to win the women's marathon. it was a podium sweep for ethiopia in the women's 5,000 meters. aiyana within it with a championship record time with 14 minutes, 26.83 seconds. it meant 1500 meters champion dibaba missed out on an unprecedented double. she had to settle for bronze after finishing behind. kenya and the championships top of the medal table. kiprop retained his men's 1500 meters title to earn his country their seventh goal finishing ahead of jamaica and the united states. richard barr, al jazerra. to football. english premier league leaders manchester city have confirmed the signing of belgian international kevin did h did.
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he joined from wolf berg, he was the bundesliga player of the year. making 21 assists, this will be his second stints in the premier league having been sold last year by chelsea for 25 million. duh browner now becomes manchester city's record transfer no mean feat when you consider how much money they have spent is recent years. $90 million, that's what manchester city have paid worse wolves berg for his services. making him the eighth most expensive player of all time. still not the most expensive british transfer that goes this angel did he maria, he cost manchester united $93 million when he arrived from real madrid in august it wouldn't are 2014 but that big price tag was a hipped dranthindrance he left ae season. both are torned by the $132 million real madrid handed to tottenham for gareth bai bald
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that's the most expensive transfer in football history. a good day for manchester city got even better when manchester united lost to swansea in the english premier league despite taking the league at the liberty tied yum. united went down 2-1. a result that means city stay three points clear at the top of the table. united are fifth. earlier southampton beat norwi norwich. they are tried everything to make a good result. lake we have done but in the identify minutes that they change the shape. the first five minutes, they scored two goals. it's a big lesson for us, we have to adapt much more quickly than we have done. to motto g.m. valentino rossi has won a thrilling grand pee. brad pitt was amongst those that braved the wet weather on sund sunday. the conditions proving too much
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for currents world champion mark marquez, as you are about to see he crashed out on the 13th lap with his hopes of retaining the world title all but va fan irvig as a result. allowing ross toy collect his fourth win this season. rossi is at the top of the world championship stands lings. >> whestandings. >> translator: whestandings. >> when i saw mark crash, i knew i had an advantage, but i think, you can relax, -- you can't relax, everybody want to beat you. [ laughter ] >> new zealand have named their squad to defend their wrigley world cup title next month including one surprise, being call up six weeks after he broke his leg, he had to travel to feeling toy receive treatment
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from a traditional healer. the all blacks now hope he will be fit to play their third game against georgia in rare did i have on september 2nd. >> one of the rewards of taking him. he's a try scoring machine. he's an x-factor, he brings something to the team that others in the group don't bring. and if he wasn't injured i think we would all be putting him in the team straightaway anyway. 10 i.the u.s. open begins on monday and the first day we'll see serena williams get her campaign underway to complete a sweep of all four slams this season. she'll attempt to become the first person to claim what's known as the grand slam since 1988 when the great steffi graph managegraf.the world number ones looking forward to the challenge. >> i love it here. it feels good to be here. it's a place building you just -- every play dreams of playing every year. >> belgian cyclist is in a coma after crashing in the eighth stage. he is one of several riders to
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crash with about 50-kilometers left in the stage, his team says he has severe fable trauma with several fractures and he's being kept in an induced coma. cricket after getting in a strong position india have gotten in trouble once again. after being bowled out for 312 india then dismissed sri lanka for 201. they lost three early wick nets their second innings closed 21 21-3. that is yule sport for now i have by bit more later on. back to you in london. thanks very much. remember you can find much more on our website al jazerra is the address. all the latest sports, news, everything that you need to know analysis that takes you behind the headlines, background on all of our stories and of course, blogs from our reporters on the ground, do check it out that's it for this news how but i will be back with a full bun tin for you in a knew moments time. time.
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tonight studies claim there is an em december i can of assaults on american campuses after a push by the federal government to fix that. schools have responded. more women are coming forward. more men are being punished but are students accused of sexual assault being treated fairly. should people in the u.s. illegally be appoint today government positions? and while there is a real wage gap between men and women it's not as big as many people believe.


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