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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 5, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EST

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"inside story," the news continues right now. >> this is aljazeera america, live from new york city. i'm randall pinkston, and tony harris has the night off. caught in the crossfire, u.s. war plane allegedly gun down people fleeing a hospital in afghanistan. and mystery, whether a bomb brought down the jet in egypt. a lawsuit happening in minute my. and the sun's impact on mars. nasa's new discovery.
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the latest in the fallout from the bombing at a hospital in afghanistan, the u.s. warship shot patients and staff members as they tried to escape during an attack last month that the pentagon insists was a mistake. 30 people were killed. and jamie mcintyre has more. >> reporter: well, randall, the report lays out the horrific events that played out in the early morning hours of october 3rd. the taliban had taken the city of kunduz, and the afghan forces were fighting back, and the u.s. military bought in a fearsome weapon. and instead, that gunship rained down on a hospital that was supposed to have protective
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status in war. the main hospital was pulverized in the unrelenting attack, delivered by a u.s. gunship. a converted cargo plane that fires a howitzer cannon and guns circling the target, and delivering fire up to 1800 rounds per minute. the report by the group, doctors without borders, which goes by its acronym, msf, describes a hospital still very active at 2 a.m. october 3rd when the attack began without warning. >> the hospital went up in flames, and patients that couldn't move, burned if their beds. the shrapnel bombs that they used amputated legs of doctors and nurses and even one of our staff was decapitated. and on top of that, what we heard from the staff, from the plane, people who are fleeing the building were shot at.
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>> 14 calls and text messages trying to get the americans to call off the attack. in one period, msf kabul exchanged these texts with the headquarters. 2:47 am, one staff confirmed dead. and many unaccounted for. at 2:30 am, we will contact ground forces. two minutes later, someone from the u.s. military texts, sorry to hear that, i still don't know what happened. 2:56, another frantic text, insisting that airstrikes stop and reporting heavy casualties. the response, i'll do my best, praying for you all. the report said that at least 30 staff and patients were killed. and at the time of the attack, it was treating afghan government troops, and to wounded taliban fighters, but a strict, no weapon policy was enforced. >> all of the rules that we
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have negotiated to have no arms in the hospital was respected first of all, and second, what we knew already, it was a full functional hospital, full of sick people. third, that there was no fighting in or in the near vicinity of the hospital. >> while the presence of the hospital in kunduz was well-known, the u.s. insists that night, in the war, the a c-130 gunship did not realize that it was leveling a hospital. >> we would never intentionally target a medical facility. >> the u.s. has two investigations underway. one is almost done. it will determine how many civilians the u.s. killed and how to begin making attempts to the survivors. the second is a more in-depth investigation to determine who is responsible, and whether any negligence was criminal or amed to a war crime, and if anyone should be court marshaled or punished. the pentagon says that it
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appreciates doctors without borders sharing it's report and it's working closely with the group to try to determine the facts. want u.s. commander on the ground, campbell, met with officials this week, and he said that he will fully repair the hospital. >> the white house now says that an explosive device cannot be ruled out in the russian airliner over egypt. he said, "there certainly is a possibility that there was a bomb onboard, and we're taking that very seriously. ." security is tight at al shaikh airport as the british government confirms that flights out of egypt will resume on friday, but passengers will only be able to take baggage. in london, al sisi, david
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cameron said that what brought is down was likely a bomb. what are the officials saying in the u.s. or the uk about a bomb or no bomb on the plane. >> the british are being more categorical if you will. and let's listen to what david cameron said about the possibility of there being an explosive device onboard the russian jet? >> we cannot be certain if the russian airliner was brought down by a terrorist bomb, but it looks increasing like likely that was the case. >> reporter: increasingly likely, so that's his language, and from the white house, there's a possibility. and the white house spokesman, josh earnest said that the white house has not reached any conclusion but alling options are open, including terrorism. we heard today from pat
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roberts, the chairman of the senate intelligence committee, and he said that the intelligence is coming mainly from the brits, and we'll have to see how things work out. but he said it's indicative of the level of threats that we see around the world that this could be a real possibility. but randall, a lot of different contradictory information, and no public conclusions, at least from the u.s. at this point. >> so we have comments today from london, from prime minister cameron, from president obama. and what do the russians have to say? after all, it was their plane that went down. >> reporter: absolutely, and they're intimately involved with the investigation of course. and they believe that the brits are jumping the gun. they're getting ahead of the investigation, and they're not happy with all of the talk of an explosive device as you can imagine, and in fact, a spokesperson for the foreign ministry said that the british have intelligence, and they have not shared it with us, and
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that's shocking. david cameron will be talking to the russian officials to tell them what the british have as far as intelligence. >> of course everyone is concerned about the loss of life and how it happened. but the egyptians are concerned about a major point of the economy, tour resists from the uk. >> as you know, there are 20,000 british tourists right now, and those are the ones that the british government are going to start bringing back. tomorrow, the egyptian government pushing back as well, saying again that it's too early to draw any conclusions, and al sisi who is visiting britain today, said that look, the security officials came down ten months ago and looked at our airport and said that things were good. so he's intimating that the security there was top-notch. >> thank you, lisa stark in washington. in brazil, rescue workers are searching for survivors after a dam burst near a mining
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operation. the authorities east of sau paolo said an unknown amount of people are missing, and dozens may be dead. one town near the dam is completely covered in mud. residents of the area are being told to move to higher ground. tells what tpp is all about? >> it's topics that are boring but crucially important. a recent poll says that 41% of the population hasn't heard about tpp. and it's one of those things that goes over your head. it's a giant free trade deal. it ties together countries that make up 40% of the world's economy. it's going to end up and
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dismantle 18,000 tariffs and duties on u.s. exports, allowing the u.s. to export more of its goods, and it has gotten 20 nations involved, including japan, and all of them are going to see the duties excluded so it becomes a trade mosh pit. the thing about it, it excludes china. and some lawmakers have seen it in classified meetings, but the general public didn't get the chance to see it until today. it's very hush-hush. 30 chapters, with plenty of side deals, and plenty of controversial material in there for democrats and republicans. but unlike a lot of releases, randall, this one didn't crash too many websites because people were trying to get at it. >> this reminds me of an earlier free trade deal, nafta, people windo were worried that s going to take jobs, and what's likely to happen with tpp?
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>> if you are in the united states, you have higher wages, and in some of these countries, lower wages or in mexico or canada. there's always the concern that jobs will move to places where labor is cheaper, and that continues to be a concern here. proponents say that's not true, we're going to manufacture so much stuff because of the lower duties and tariffs, we'll be able to create more jobs in america. in the past, these have created more wealth. and stock holders in the businesses, but they have resulted in fewer manufacturing jobs, and the loss of some jobs over seas. this is all going to play out in congress, and congress needs to pass the tpp. and bernie sanders and hilliary clinton and donald trump all
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oppose it. president obama is going to have to rely on republicans to get it passed in the house, randall. >> strange bed fellows politics makes, and what's tonight's show? >> tonight on iran, there are a lot of protests around the deal, the relations between iran and the u.s. seem to be worsening on the iranian side. iran is arresting more journalists, and one irany american citizen. so we'll look at the battle between the hardliners in iran. >> and you were just on the ground in iran a few minutes ago. we'll watch it all on target. right here on aljazeera america. as part of the transpacific partnership, vietnam has agreed to change some of its labor laws, and it allows them to be partly of independent labor
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unions, and former groups such as the aflcio. now, vite until he's workers have the right to strike and protest under their constitution, but the government has done little to protect those rights. still ahead, unique bond. president obama's relationship with native american groups, and how successful his policies have been for the tribes. >> i'm diane eastabrook in st. paul. still ahead, why some families in the twin cities are suing the state of minnesota over segregated schools.
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>> more than 150 native manner tribes came to the white house today. they focused on the native youth and the progress made by generation indigenous, a program law firm bid president obama last year. it aims to empower native american children. >> we talk about the future of any country, and we're really talking about the future of young people. i don't need to tell you the enormous challenges that they face.
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native children are more likely to grow up in poverty, and face health problems, and obstacles in educational opportunity. a lot of the young people i've met have gone through a lot more than anybody should have to go through in any lifetime at a very early age. >> the president said in a two-year budget deal, the government has $1.5 billion to invest in native american communities. the efforts to support native american youth. >> when you picture a school an native native reservation, this is not what you imagine. >> this wasn't here, just trailers? >> yes. >> just 14 years ago, it looked very different. >> there wasn't that school there. it was just the elementary school, a bunch of trailers for the high school. and that building was used, i
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think for first through third grade. >> savage was a student at the school, designed to provide a 21st century education for the students while immersing in their culture. in 2011, president obama pushed for schools like this, and since then, funding has increased. >> they do activities, they do a lot of trying to go back to the culture, which i think is really important. >> the president's push for education is part of a larger effort in native america, with jobs and healthcare to name a few. >> he did his part to help us succeed. he helped us with education, and infrastructure development >> reporter: but just two
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hours up the road on the reservation, the school is still waiting for help. >> it's all the way across, and it keeps going, doesn't it? >> reporter: built in 1984, the school doesn't just need repair, it needs to be replaced. >> our wiring throughout almost this whole building is outside,. >> this building was not meant to be a school. it was built -- it's a pool barn. as you can see, it's not really where i would want my children to go to school. >> right now, we're dealing with a problem. >> the home economics classroom can't use more than two appliances at a time or the lights short out. when it rains, buckets of water pourthrough the ceilings. here's another exactly. here's the computer lab. it's made entirely out of sheet metal. and you can see the wires running up through the wall. and it's so cold in the winter,
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they have to wear jackets through the entire school day. last year, the bureau paid $130 million for native american. 140 students nationwide. and to put that into perspective, the cleveland metropolitan school district has a budget of $1.5 billion, going to the same number of students in 96 schools. >> it's a disgrace. we're being left behind when we have more schools all over the united states being built. and our children have to come to school in a building like this. >> if you were in dc with the other tribal leaders right now, what would you be asking obama, what would you want to talk about? >> i would ask him now to give us the funding so we can build a school, and i would invite him here so he can come and see what our building looks like. >> it's the kind of plea native
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american leaders and youth hope the president will hear before he leaves office. >> the success of the reservation has to be with the education of the kids, and if the kids don't get a proper education and don't meet the standards of the state tests and stuff, what does that say about the future of these reservations? >> aljazeera, the fond du lac reservation. >> high schools that want to change native american logos that may be considered offensive are getting some big time help. adidas said that it will provide financial and design support to those schools. there are still 2,000 high schools with native american names and mascots. adidas said that it's making the offer because sports should be inclusive. years after brown versus the board of education, minnesota is integrating some of its schools. joining us live from st. paul,
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minnesota with more, diane, is this a problem throughout the state, or just in one or two cities? >> no, randall. the problem is really defined tkind tothe metro area. it has to apply to every child in the state. but the plaintiffs in the lawsuit said that that's not always the case. it's a two-hour process. first their dad drives them two hours to the bus stop. and then they hop onboard the school bus and travel another five miles to the elementary. the kids could go minutes from their home to st. paul, but it's in a poor neighborhood. and not as good.
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>> it's not as hard for us, because we know they're getting an education and they're happy in school. >> cruise is one of the seven plaintiffs in the class action lawsuit filed thursday, accusing minnesota of not providing an squat education to it poor and minority students. they set up boundaries that encouraged segregation, and failed to implement rules for integration. civil rights attorney, shulman, represents the families. he says that separating poor minority students versus white ones, sets them up for failure. >> they're told at an early age, you're different, you're not as good, and that starts them at the beginning of their lives and conditions their autograph for the rest of their lives. >> shullen represented the naacp two decades ago in a lawsuit that led to a school choice program. and he said that the situation
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has actually gotten worse over the years. the twin city's metro area is one of the whitest in the nation, but more than half of the elementary school in st. paul and membership minimum are made up almost entirely of minority students. the lawsuit says that it has contributed to lower test scores and graduation rates among minority kids. they it studied segregation nationwide. he said that minnesota once had a good track record on integration, but he said that it has fallen short in the last two deck aids. >> the state switched from one that was very proactive no saying that the kids can't do much of anything to integrate the schools, absent the potential for discrimination. >> the minister of education said that she has not seen the lawsuit, but in a statement said:
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cruise said that all of the kids should get the same education. >> when they get integrated with other kids, and they see the backgrounds, and the importance of education, that challenges them. >> the father of five says that he has always been committed to his own kid's education, and now he's making the same commitment to every child in minnesota. it took about five years to settle that previous naacp lawsuit, and attorney, daniel shulman, said that it could take about that long to potentially settle this suit. randall? >> diane, do the plaintiffs have ideas on how to it segregate the schools. >> he has not set forth any solid suggestions, one might be nag net schools, and busing is another possibility. and that was a dirty word 40,
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50 years ago, but he said kids here in the minneapolis, st. paul area, are all bucked anyway, so it doesn't matter if you're busing them from one place to another. >> still ahead, an expanding plot. new details about the illinois officer who committed suicide. and his plans to hire a hitman. plus, mafia -- the alleged mafia gang on trial in rome, and there's quite a cast of characters.
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>> cuban president, raul castro, is set to begin a three-day visit to mexico, emphasizing trade between the two nations. he will meet with the mexican president, and says that he wants to have the historically close ties with cuba. mexico has seen an uptick in the number of cuban migrants in recent months. an aljazeera contributor and freelance journalist based in mexico city where she joins us now, and amy, talk to us about the numbers that you've reported on in terms of the number of be cubans trying to get to the u.s. from cuba via mexico. >> yeah, thank you very much. as i reported with aljazeera, we're seeing a very big uptick in the number of cubans that are now traveling by land to
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get to the u.s. u.s. via mexico. what's very interesting, there has been a big surge that seems to be gathering in the last several months. most recently, the latest numbers from the mexican government show that almost 6,500 cubans were processed in migratory facilities in mexico in the first nine months of the year, and so that's 500 more than the same period last year. so there has been quite a phenomenal increase of cubans coming by land to reach the u.s. >> so amy, the traditional -- i shouldn't say traditional, but one of the ways that cubans had used in the past to get to america was over the water. why have they switched to land? >> . >> yeah, it's interesting. there are a number of factors that explain this trend. one of them is that the route by sea is considered a lot more
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perilous. usually cubans have to use vessels which are not very seaworthy and there's a lot of risk of death and injury, and also, we're seeing some of a crackdown by u.s. border officials, so it's very difficult for them to make that route. as a result of that, the prices have risen pretty substantially. so when i spoke with cubans that had made their way to mexico, many of them told me that it cost about $10,000 to take that trip, whereas going by mexico, which is a longer route, but safer, cost at the most 5,000. half of the price, so that definitely has an impact. and secondly, i would say an important factor, we have seen over the past several years s. cuba has loosened restrictions, travel restrictions for cuban to police the island. so a lot of them can hop on a plane to ecuador, and continue their journey going through
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south and central america. >> while you were talking, we saw some people on rafts going across a small body of water, and i believe that was from guatemala into mexico. and so tell me this. apparently the mexican government has facilities established for processing cubans, and how does that come about? and also, what is the impact of the so-called dry land rule that allows cubans to reach america, to be allowed to stay here legally? >> . >> yeah, i think it's important to put this in context. cubans are very unique in comparison to other migratory groups. as a result, the 1966 cuban adjustment act, that essentially means that when the act was create, they were seen as political refugees, and
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essentially all they have to do is touchdown on u.s. soil, and the fast track to the process of permanent residency. in relation to that, a lot of the countries on the land route now offer them transit visa, and in a sense, they come across from mexico to the migratory facilities, where they are given a transit visa to pass through over a 30-day period. and a lot of the countries on the land route now implement the policy as well. >> so a lot of cubans are worried that as the relations become better, the rules will change, but in america, the officials are saying that cubans will still be protected. to learn more about your article, go to a startling prediction from the european union. 3 million refugees may arrive by next year. they have seen an influx of
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700,000 this year, and the crowded isle of lesbos, a ferry worker's strike that's preventing refugees from leaving. meanwhile, asylum laws are forcing refugees out of the balkans back home in order to make room for others. aljazeera's lawrence lee reports. >> reporter: berlin, the multi-culti is what the germans call it. and they have been joined by
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those from the balkan countries, and they have hard choices from the german governments. they have left them trying to work out whether a hostile germany is any better than a life in poverty, where they came from. >> on the one hand, they see it's a much better life. they have security, they have hospitals, and doctors and all of these things for the children, but on the other side, they feel this homesickness. the kindness of strangers. >> the numbers suggest that even more cost to the albanians this year than syrians, and the numbers arriving here. the feeling has grown that economic migrants have used the syrian crisis as a trojan horse to come into germany on false claim. but the new asylum laws show one more purpose for german chancellor, angela merkel. for a start, they help her to keep the right wing together and germany is a soft touch for anyone who wants to come here, but merkel could argue that getting rids of tens of thousands of people from the balkans can free up money and space for tens of thousands of desperate refugees from syria.
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the removals are already beginning. the police arriving at apartment blocks to explain to serbs and albanians and others that they have to go. it's a really big job, and the immigration al authorities and the police don't have enough resources to expel all of these people, but there are trained police talking to them, hoping that they will volunteer to leave. we offer them money to return home. the claim by the government that all of the balkans are safe, and it's not shared by war zones, saying that they are at great risk if they are forced to return. i wouldn't say that it falls under the geneva convention, but what we have is the situation, if they go back to kosevo, it's a situation that wouldn't allow them to have a life and dignity. >> still the fact, nearly
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200,000 people from the balkans will be removed. however the desperate situation at home, whether they think themselves worthy of asylum, their cases are damage of the syrian war. aljazeera, berlin. >> the vice president of maladies was impeached. it comes after an explosion on the president's speedboat in september. the president was unharmed. and the vice president was arrested at the airport after returning from an official chip to china. he will be charged under a new terrorism law. if convicted, he faces up to 125 years in jail. it is one of italy's biggest mafia investigations, known as mafia capital. a one-eyed gangsters and others are accused of stealing $1 million from the city of
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rome. >> reporter: rome is on trial. it's the capital ofitly's criminal underworld. they said that they have evidence that the city is run by a network of criminals and businessmen who use extortion and racketeering to make contracts. the investigation was rebanded capital mafia. >> it's a classic mafia method. in rome, the criminals manage to condition the local politicians, and they corrupt the local administration to win service contracts, and if someone didn't cooperate, they would use violence. >> reporter: investigators say that the network was led by this man, a convicted criminal, nicknamed the pirate. after he lost an eye in a shoot-out with the police in
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1991. i and his alleged accomplices are accused of using millions of dollars that were supposed to pay for garbage collection, leaving the city with substandard services, and they also contract migrant centers, exploiting the growing refugee crisis in the mediterranean. a business so crooked that on a wiretap phonecall, they called it more profitable than drug trafficking. on thursday, the lawyers of the defendants did not deny the claims of corruption, saying that they should not be tried as mafia mon itsters. >> in this, they are not charged with blood or violence, it's very difficult imagine mafia monsters having to pay in change for favors. >> rome is in desperate need of solid leadership. the former mayor is under investigation over his role in
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the scandal. the new mayor, moreno, was forced to resign over a relatively minor expense scandal, though he handed over the rule to the authorities. though this is a fast track trial, it will be months before the verdict is reached. in the meantime, the hands the government are in the in national ruin. >> there's information about the illinois police officer who staged his suicide. the fox lake police department said that lieutenant joe glenowitz allegedly tried to hire a hitman to kill a town official who was handling the finances. he ode thousands of dollars before killing himself and disguising his death as a homicide, and he may have also tried to frame the
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administrator with bags of cocaine on his desk. his wife and son are under investigation as well. and i. >> donald trump and ben carson will soon be protected by the secret service. they are the first to be authorized for protection. ththe two are in first and secod place in the national polls, and so for no others have asked for protection. president obama's protection began in may of 2007, the earliest in history. and the last election, mitt romney's was not activated until 2012. >> it has doctors scratching their heads, a man with cancer from a paracytic tape worm. and why some high-profile senators want it to stop.
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>> the u.s. attorney attorney is investigating whether exxon mobile hid what they knew about the risk of climate change possibly for decades.
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they subpoenaed the company's records and emails, they allegedly paid groups that tried to undermine the science behind global warming. and exxon said that it denies anything. scientists say that a 41-year-old man died of a cancer-like disease that was transported to him by a pair side. he was living with hiv, and he developed large stomach tumors, but they came from a tape worm in the patient's gastrointestinal tract. and it's the first known of its kind. here with us, doctor gander, of infectious diseases in new york city. how common are tape worms, and how common this cancer causing
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tape worm. >> tape worm is common in developing countries where you have poor hygiene, and 75 million people worldwide are infect, but in some parts of the world, as many as 1/4 of the children will be carrying them. this patient had advanced hiv and a weak immune system. and that and the parasite developing it's own cancer. >> that's kind of unusual, isn't it? >> we don't go around looking for cancer in a parasite. so i think this is a manifestation of a cause of disease in humans, and that's why we picked up on it. >> so infections are able to cause cancer? >> there are a number of different infections that cause cancer, but it's usually cancer of human cells. so liver cancer, and human
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pathaloma can cause cervical or other cancers, and those are all human cells, but what's unique here, the parasite developed it's own cancer that spread into the patient. >> it's too late for this poor per, but was there anything that could have been done to help this person. >> this person had been diagnosed with hiv seven years earlier, and he went untreated for the hiv. on and off medications but not in an effective way. so by the time he developed this new infection with the cancer, seven years later, he had advanced aids, and we know, not just in this patient, but in general, the immune system has a very important role to play, not gist in infection, but with cancer. so had he not developed aids, this would not have happened. >> as scientists look for this, what should we expect next? will there be other studies to
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see if there are other cancer developed parasites that could cause us harm? >> i think what's more interesting frankly is the role of the immune system in controlling cancer, and this gives us words for that. and that's one area in developing research, how to harness the human immune system to fight cancer cellses. >> thank you for joining us to talk about this fascinating case. >> my pleasure. >> for a look at what's coming up at the top of the hour, we go to john seigenthaler. >> coming up tonight at 8:00, more questions about the crash of the russian jetliner, and david cameron weighs in on whether it could have been a bomb. and more questions about the flight over the sinai and questions about security in the u.s. as well. opposition to same-sex marriage has self counties in alabama refusing to issue certificates
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to straight and gay couples, and we'll hear from a probate judge. lashing out in a new book about george h.w. bush's book by john miami beach am, the former president has tough words for dick cheney and don rumsfeld, and we'll get to reactions in the bush administration. and also tonight, my interview with barbara koppel. now the filmmaker is putting a spotlight on veteran homelessness. we'll have those stories coming up in 11 minutes. >> thank you. it is common to see salutes to the military exporting events, but it turns out some of those appearances are nothing more than paid advertisements.
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>> saluting the troops is a regular part of sports matches across the united states, but teams aren't just holding the events out of love for country. they're accusing the pentagon of paying the teams to do so. >> there are a lot of things that professional sports do to honor the men and women who serve in the military. but these millions of dollars are not acceptable. >> according to mccain, the military has spent $1.3 million a year since 2012 on what he calls paid patriotism. that's almost nothing compared to the $480 million spent on all defense advertising this year, and the meant gone wants to spend more next year. they think that the teams should be picking up the tab for the family reunions and the color guards and the flag ceremonies. >> to find out that the taxpayers are paying for it, it
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cheapens it, and it's not right. >> and it raises a basic question. why is the military advertising in the first place? the pentagon calls it basic recruitment. and contrary to mccain's charge that this is an inappropriate form of outreach, marketing experts say that paid patriotism is a sophisticated way of building ties between the public and the military. >> the goal is to make people aware of your brand and service opportunities in branches of the military. and also to make them feel positively about it and make them want to find out more information. so i think it's incredibly effective and appropriate. and i think that it's more efficient and probably a better use of ad spending than some of the traditional advertising, which is also necessary. >> the sports leagues, for their part, say that they're reviewing their deals with the military and are promising refunds. since the senator has started
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complaining, the pentagon has outlawed paid patriotism, but it's still going to advertise to the country. >> up next, what happened to the atmosphere on mars? the new information on what the red planet may have looked like billions of years ago. and help wanted. what nasa is looking for in the next generation of astronauts.
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on. >> a big announcement from nasa today about the atmosphere of the red planet. aljazeera's jacob ward is here with more. >> reporter: randall, the announcement today describes the means by which mars has become a very very bleak and desolate place. turns out that it's leaking atmosphere at one quarter pound per second. and that's because much solar radiation that has been ripping away at the atmosphere. it's a look at the forces that have turned it into such a
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bleak place. >> when we look at ancient mars, we see a different type oof surface. one that had valleys, and flakes standing for periods of time. and we see an environment that was much more able to support liquid water. >> all of these things were really billions of years ago, and it turns out that it's the affect of solar radiation that had this affect overtime and really changed that climate as much as it has. >> does this story about mars tell us about the story here on earth? >> well, the thing that we really learned is that 4.2 billion years ago, basically the magnetic field that we have on earth disappeared on mars. they don't have the shield that we all depend onto keep our atmosphere intact.
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and so as a result, the solar winds, the sun began to chip away at mars, which was a warm and wet planet into the dry and cold and desolate place that we know today. so the question is, how did that happen over time? as it pealed wee and ripped the roof off of the planet, how did that change? it's interesting to hear the scientists talk about climate change, and i was struck by the announcement, that it's not just a political issue, and not something about uncomfortable temperatures in our lifetime, but it has to do with the forces that this spacecraft is teaching us can change a planet over billions of years. mars may have once been very much like earth, and now it's a desolate place. there's no chance that it will happen in our lifetime, but if it happened on earth, it would be billions of years from now, but a reminder that climate change is an elemental force,
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and it changes over time. >> does this discovery have any bearing at all of the intention of our nasa to go to mars? >> well, it does, because it raises all kinds of questions about how life may have lived on mars and when there was life there, and how it went away. there may still be life on that surface, locked inside of the planet. but it does. the question was asked several times of researchers, and the response was essentially yes. we're getting the sense that there were specific conditions for life on mars, and mars had everything that you need in terms of ingredient list. so why did that go away? so really, the desire to go there and explore more deeply, all of this an understanding of how water went away and life went away, and how it may relate to the life that we have on earth. >> thank you very much, jacob ward, telling us all about the new information about the red
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planet. every kid dreams of being an astronaut. and adults too, and for some lucky people, that dream may come true. nasa may take applications for the next space travelers. >> reporter: nasa is looking for a few people to make a very long trip. >> i want you to apply for nasa's astronaut tram. >> it's part of the space agency's exploration, that includes sending astronauts from a american soil, missions to the moon, and eventually the red planet. >> in the 2030s, the goal is do to go to mars and conduct experiments on the surface, and so now they're trying to show that they're serious about the plans, and they intend to use these people for decades to come. >> three years ago, nasa put out a similar request, and it got more than 6,000 responses. nasa has only grown in
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popularity in the social media using online tools to promote it's projects. from the or ryan be project to the first fly buy of pluto, but from 2011, there has been an exodus of astronauts and other agency being workers.
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randall, we begin with public comments on the russian plane crash. the president said there is a possibility that the jet was a bomb the suggestion that it is a deliberate act appears to be intensifying. lisa? >> well, john, there is no public consensus on what brought down this plane, and as the white house spokesman did say today, everybody remains on the table. that seems to be where the needle is pointing. >> security has now been tightened at the airport, asking that the british government will start flying stranded british tourists back to the u.k. on friday, passengers are being restricted to carry on bags, no checks luggage,