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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 1, 2016 9:00am-9:31am EST

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time. we will see you then. have a great day. 130,000 in just two months, refugees keep arriving at europe is divided on what to do with them. hello live from doha. it's described as one of the most important days in the race to the white house, voting gets underway and super tuesday is crucial to the candidates' hopes. >> it's a sad story and it wasn't of much interest to me. a senior sat ken official dismisses allegations that he
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covered up child abuse in australia. fighting and corruption, the push to revive the controversial case against south africa's president. 130,000, that's the number of refugees and migrants who crossed the mediterranean sea so far this year trying to get to europe. that number exceeds the total arrivals for the first half of 2015 and many are heading for the worsening bottleneck that formed on greece's border with macedonia. police chief from greece and several balkan states have met. macedonian forces fired tear gas to disperse people who tried to breakthrough the fence close to the border. in northern france, refugees and migrants have been evicted from
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their makeshift camp. police are dismantling part of the camp in calais which has become known as the juggle, home to thousands hoping to get into the u.k. in a moment, we'll hear from our correspondent in calais. first, though, we have this update from the greece-macedonia border. >> certainly on the macedonian side, more forces were deployed. we watched that happen throughout the day yesterday. after that riot that happened in the morning, we saw actually helicopter overflying at a quite low altitude over the border area and we do know more forces were deployed. this morning, there's also water can nance stationed all along that fence that separates both sides especially in that area where those riots happened. yesterday, there are many fewer people there, those who vowed to
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stay until the guys open, they have been removed. greek police managed to convince them to go back to the crossroads where they usually have their sit in and call for the borders to be open. >> day two here of the operation and no word yet of the kind of stone throwing and tear gas from riot police that has been seen in monday afternoon's episode the clearance is on going. although the authorities pledged its only vacated shacks would be demolished, we did see evidence today of resistance from at least one couple who got on to the roof of their accommodation and pulled down by police. people clearly reluctant to be moved elsewhere. the options facing the migrants and refugees are three fold. he can either move to the new
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heated container accommodations or to the center as well and claim asylum. those are the options facing them. not everyone wants to take those options. there are still a number of people here dead set on trying to reach britain, which is their ultimate ambition. the iraq army reports that a suicide bomber north of the city of fallujah killed 20 of its personnel. it says that ice i will is has blame for killing eight soldiers just a few kilometers away near the dam in anbar province. the attackers are said to have been friday. >> in russian uniforms. syria's border to turkey it is said should should closed. some say it will cut off
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supplies to terrorists within syria. on the ground, a truce has been breached in some parts of syria. this is video set to show fighting in the northern province. the main opposition accused the government of violating the agreement there. these are pictures from syria's military purportedly showing fighters fighting isil in the northwest. isil isn't covered by the cessation of hostilities, but opposition groups who are say the army is targeting them, as well. the u.n. says it's waiting for syrian government approval to deliver aid over the next five days to around half a million syrians. our correspondent has the latest from the turkish side of the border with syria. >> the u.n. said there are 40 pending requests that the syrian government needs to approve before the u.n. manages to send aid to syrians in besieged
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areas. there are also plans to reach some half a million syrians in besieged areas. the u.n. did in the last 24 hours manage to send aid to one area, however that area was agreed on that the u.n. will deliver aid to it prior to the cessation of hostilities. now the u.n. is waiting to get approval from perhaps in the coming days. they need to reach half a million syrians and they are pending approval from the syrian government. one final point is the aid that was delivered in the last 24 hours did not have food items or medicine. they had water, sanitation and they had kits for survival, which the syria opposition and the people in those areas say
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they need more aid coming, including medicine and food. the holes have opened and voting is underway in a dozen u.s. states. people are selecting candidates they'd like to see run for president in november. voting's already taken place in four states, placing the businessman donald trump as the front runner for the republicans and hillary clinton as the favorite for the democrats. today is known as super tuesday. it's often a make or break moment for many in the race for the white house. al jazeera has more on the day's importance. >> super tuesday, the day when multiple u.s. states decide who they want as their party candidate. for the democrats, it is a straight battle between former secretary of state hillary clinton and senator from vermont, bernie sanders. after her landslide win in south carolina, clinton has a strong lead over sanders with 544 delegates to his 45.
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she needs 2,383 to win the nomination. 1,237 is the magic number for republicans. donald trump remains in the lead. there are 595 at stake tonight. 12 states are involved. we've seen in recent weeks anything can happen, so join me as those results start to come in and we examine how the 2016 u.s. election race is shaping up. you heard there, one of those states voting in super tuesday is alabama and our correspondent andy gallagher is
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there in the city of camden. give us an idea of the demographics. what kind of state is this deep south state of alabama? >> this is the state of around 5 million people, the population here is 25% african-american and one of the biggest issues here among civil rights campaigners changes to the voteri d. laws. a couple of years ago, they changed the law that said if you want to vote you have to have a government i should photo identification. the problem civil rights campaigners have with that rule is in rural areas like this, very poor areas like this, they say black voters don't have access to driver's license offices, they don't have the information or the money to get those photo i.d.'s and they say that change in the law means poor black voters are excluded from the process. >> can i give you a flier before
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you get out? you may want to leave it in the car. >> campaigning in supermarket car parks is sometimes the only place to meet voters. this is a sparsely populated part of the state. >> well, i ain't voting for either one of them. >> where half the voters african-american, there is anger to the voting change laws. ballots can no longer be cast without a state i.d. >> you are taking advantage of the weak when you do that. some of them just don't have one, can't get one. all of this we done gone through and we're still going through the same thing. i feel bad about it. >> compounding the new voter i.d.'s laws is the closing of 30 driver's license offices, many situate in overwhelmingly african-american counties. without them, getting photo i.d. just got a lot harder. >> alabama is the cradle of the voting rights movement, decades of work has now been undone,
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forcing poor black voters to get photo i.d.'s faces another obstacle between them and the ballot box. some say the consequences are all too real. >> this is kind of a lifelong fight. >> for 30 years, ralph has worked for voting rights. >> we will be fighting for the rest of our lives. there are people out there who will never let it go. they will never let it go. >> you mean never stop trying to suppress the black vote. >> never stop trying to send us back to africa. i'm not going. >> the legacy of voter suppression in alabama has a long and dark history, but it resulted in the passage of the voting rights act. accusations that part of a that legislation are now being undone are flatly denied by the state's governor. >> we will go to people's houses to have their picture made if they don't have a photo i.d. in
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the state of alabama. we are not going to do anything to keep people in the state of alabama from voting, for them to jump to a conclusion like this that is politics at its worst. >> civil rights activists say they will continue to campaign for change. >> the voting station opened here about an hour ago. we are expecting over a thousand people to cast their ballots. let's look at a broader picture of why super tuesday is so important. this is when the nomination gets more nationalized. we've had small races so far in iowa and new hampshire where the candidates have been able to press the flesh and show space time. for the republicans, half the available delegates are up for grabs, for the democrats, about a quarter. this is where things get very, very serious. for people like hillary clinton who has plenty of state recognition, in states like alabama, there is a clear
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designation. watch particularly for the accident, a state with 155 delegates and a state ted cruz has to win because that's his home state. by the end of super tuesday, we are bound to get a far clearer picture of who the nominees are for both the republican and democratic parties. this is an expensive race, a time consuming race, but for all the candidates and the presidential hopefuls, this is an essential day. super tuesday is essentially a super clarifying day. >> andy gallagher life in camden, alabama, thank you. >> still, we have more to come here at al jazeera, including the record breaking orbital mission that hopes to pave the way for living in outer space. >> i'm aidrian brown in china, where legislation that's been 20 years in the making is finally about to outlaw domestic violence. critics say it doesn't go far enough.
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the u.n. says more than 130,000 refugees and migrants have crossed the mediterranean sea so far this year. that far exceeds the total for the first half of 2015. meanwhile, police chief from the balkans have been meeting to discuss the growing tensions on their borders. >> this is the scene in france, in northern france in calais where these are dismantling on a second day a makeshift refugee
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camp. tensions have been high as refugees and migrants have been staging protests. there have been water cannon deployed on those who want to delay further destruction. >> the polls opened, voting is underway in a dozen u.s. states. people are selecting candidates they would like to see run for president in november. lawyers from the main opposition party in south africa were in court on tuesday in an effort to revive corruption charges against president zuma. he was charged with corruption over a $4 billion arms deal 11 years ago, but those charges were dropped. we have this report now from pretoria. >> jubilant supporters greeted jacob zuma when corruption charges were dropped the first time in 2006. when the charges were reinstate and dropped again, the final hurdle was cleared for him to become south africa's president.
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zuma has been charged with 783 counts of corruption in relation to tax evasion, fraud and a corrupted arms deal. why the charges were dropped is controversial. it comes down to what is known as the spy tapes. secretly taped phone calls, a prosecutor and the head of a special investigations unit are among the people recorded talking about the timing of the charges, and how to maximize the damage from them. >> the acting national director of public prosecutions at the time dropped the corruption charges because he said the spy tape showed political interference that meant zuma couldn't receive a fair trial. he did say there had been a valid case against zuma. >> that's why the opposition democratic alliance pursued the case so vigorously since 2009. it wanted the prosecution
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resistance set aside and charges reinstated. >> this was a politically inconvenient prosecution and they latched on the one aspect that could marginally justify the dropping of charges. >> zuma is already losing support both within his party and the public. >> it could strangely damage his chance of being able to shall we say influence who his likely successor is going to be and of being able to influence what happens during the rest of his term in office. >> president zuma's office said the decision to crop corruption charges will with stand scrutiny and that the democratic alliance is abusing its power and trying to win votes. zumas supporter are paying
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attention. a vote of no confidence is being debated in parliament. he is expecting a tough week. tanya page, al jazeera, pretoria. >> a new political party has been launched in the battle in zimbabwe, the zimbabwe people's party. >> it remains a news around our neck at that system destroys any hope for the people of zimbabwe.
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this is a dynamic party. the national democratic party in germany wants the consist cour--constitutional coo throw a ban out. the n.d.p. is accused of violating the constitution with its anti immigrant rallies. claims that a pedophile priest a cardinal said was a sad story that didn't involve him
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decades ago. examining of these cases, dating back to the 1970's and 1980's, gerald tan reports. >> on the second day of testimony, australia's highest ranking catholic denies knowledge of sexual abuse by australian priests. >> i couldn't say that i ever knew that everyone knew. i knew a number of people did. i didn't know whether it was common knowledge or whether it wasn't. it's a sad story and it wasn't of much interest to me. >> cardinal george pell was speaking via video link from rome. the inquiry focuses on a priest who was convict of offenses against more than 50 children in the 1970's and 1980s. pell couldn't return for the hearings, blaming a health problem. that didn't stop 15 victims traveling to rome to witness his testimony. donations funded their journey. >> he is an ignorant buffoon.
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it's unbelievable that a man of that intelligence was so unaware was what was going on around him. >> pell was a priest in the diocese where the abuse happened. he said he was dereceived by bye priest was moved from parish to parish. >> we are calling on the pope to intervene, that he make and ask the cardinal pell to actually be more honest about what went on. >> since sex abuse scandals appeared in the catholic church, pope francis that promised publicly those accountable for
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crimes will be brought to justice. israeli soldiers injured during unrest. the palestinian victim was a 22-year-old student. it is report that had two soldiers accidental drove into the camp on monday night after following their mobile navigation unit. that apparently caused fighting to break out. >> also in the occupied west bank, a million children have no school to go to, because 20 those teachers walked out three weeks ago. their strike over higher pay and better benefits is in defiance of a warning that it's banned by law. >> so you will your partner has become a crime in china. it's hoped the new law will encourage women to overcome the stigma and that i can their violent spouse to court. they've been waiting 20 years for the law to come to their aid. we have this report from
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shanghai. >> she spends a lot of time alone, but at least she's safe now, safe from her husband who thought it acceptable to regularly beat her. >> he hit my face. his mother was there and did nothing. people from his province think it's normal for a husband to beat his wife. >> he was careful not to mark her face, focusing on her arms, legs and back. she went to hospital twice and gave up on the police. >> i went to the police and reported this incident, but the police told me this is family issue, so they did not take any action. >> there is still a stigma attached to domestic violence in china, which makes her a brave woman. until now, she has not spoken publicly about her abusive marriage, which had begun so
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happily. after filing for divers, her husband and mortgage came and took her son away. >> he and his mother took my son from me by force. they beat me up in my neighborhood and grabbed him from me. my son was only two. i haven't seen him for two years. >> most survey show one in four married women in china suffer violence at the hands of their partner. the real figure is probably much higher, because reporting abuse is still so rare. victims of domestic abuse will be able to seek a restraining order that could force the abuser to move out of the home. courts will have just 72 hours to make a rule. critics say the legislation still doesn't go far enough, since it fails to outlaw marital rape and doesn't place emphasis on health and social services.
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>> this lawyer has been dealing with domestic violence cases more than 20 years. he said the new law will help but says there is too much onus on the police to responsibility. >> this new law will play an important role in reducing domestic violence cases. more importantly, we need to see results soon. >> the new law came too late for her and for others like her. forced by tradition to suffer in silence. adrien brown, shanghai. two spaceman are about to come book to earth after spending 340 days living in the international space station. scientists will take a close look at their physical and mental conditions, nasa plans a trip to mars within 20 years. tom ackermann reports. congratulations for your year of service on i.s.s.
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>> over the past 49 weeks, scott and his russian comrade have taken more than 5400 spins around the earth. they have taken part in six space walks and conducted experiments like growing vegetables in zero gavery conditions. it's how their own bodies have weathered the long spell of radiation exposure and weightlessness that researchers will be giving the most attention. kelly said he feels fine physically but has a keener sense of the social isolation of space travel. after spending almost half the time in a box the size of a phone booth, kelly points to the planning a human journey to mars human journey to mars that could take 500 days or more. >> making that, you know, that private area as perfect as possible, i think will go a long way towards reducing fatigue, reducing stress. >> while scientists will collect
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data from the two astronauts, the american will be subject to closer examination to compare to his identical twin brother, retired astronaut, mark. >> i've provide samples, blood, saliva, other things i am not going to go into, and be there for m.r.i.'s and ultrasounds. >> they will be compared for vision, the interactive system of bacteria within each human body, the chromosomes that determine aging and immune systems after both receive the same flu vaccine. >> we are using our latest technology for gene sequencing to really identify each t. cells in mark and scott and try to see how they react to the flu. >> kelly said he could have spent another year on the space station if necessary, but back on the ground, will continue to be a close study to researchers
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charting the next frontiers of of humankind in space. you can find more on on the front page, it's super tuesday in the u.s. we are going to make america great again, greater than ever before. >> they've been after me for 25 years and i'm still standing! >> it is super tuesday, the front runners look to lock in the nomination in the race to the white house. >> the candidates are in a fierce fight for delegates from the accident. we are live with what's at stake there. apple versus the f.b.i., two faceoff at a