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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 10, 2016 2:00pm-2:31pm EST

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>> announcing a growing race to repel migrants on the day that five people, including a baby, drown trying to reach greece. this is aljazeera, live from london. also coming up, united states says u.s.-backed syria defense forces make territorial gains against isil in the north country. documents believed to contain recruitment details of isil fighters, and in canada, president obama greets prime
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minister trudeau. the u.n.'s most senior human rights official has accused europe of violating the most fundamental republicans of solidarity and resume rights in the race to repel refugees. plans to return them from the europe un to turkey may be illegal. james has more. >> reporter: this is a very strong rebuke to the european union coming from the u.n. high commissioner, the u.n.'s top human rights official, and his speech to the human rights council, his annual report on the state of hewn rights in the world, and the first thing he mentioned was the refugees in the eu. >> the eu's draft to turkey earlier this week raises various concerns.
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we do not yet have full details of this draft. and i plan to discuss my concerns during my visit to brussels earlier this week before the two day eu summit, which begins on the 17th of march. among my concerns is the potential for collective and arbitrary expulsions, which are illegal. border restrictions, which do not permit the termination of the circumstances of each individual, violates international and european law. >> he said that the situation in greece was dramatic, and he summed out serbia, slovinia austria for criticism, and he said that their border restrictions are lamentable. he plans go to brussels to speak about it, and he hopes that when the eu leaders meet together on the 17th, they will revise them and come up
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with something that's compliant with international human rights law. yet more lives. five people, including a baby from drown as the boat they were in capsized as they were trying to make the crossing from syria to greece it's a reminder of the interior minsters meeting in brussels some european countries closing their borders to refugees has led to thousands stranded on the border. >> the conditions are getting worse by the day. yesterday, we were calling it appalling and today there's no way to describe it. it may look less tents, but the tents were sinking in the mud, and we saw a lot of people remove them and relocated on the gravel between the rail track, and that at the moment
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being the best option they have here. many people are still trying to come to terms with the fact that the borders are closed. and trying to figure out what are their option, but after waiting for so long under these very hard conditions, they find themselves in a very vulnerable situation. many people are completely out of money, and actually, they have no other option at the moment than to wait to speak to the u.n. agency for refugees here, who would then relocate them somewhere else in the country. those who have money, a tiny minority, did take buses that would go back to athens, and once they arrive there, they are on their own. it has been very difficult. this morning, i was walking around and saying hello to people i knew already and they couldn't hold their tears. they said that they have reached a level of humiliation that they never expected specifically because they thought that once they were in europe, things would get much easier for them. >> describing europe's
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treatment to refugees and migrants as a violation of human rights. in the brief, where 14,000 people are stranded after macedonia. they said that it was unbelievable what's happening here. >> this is a very bad situation, and lots of people have no hope because the door is closed. >> the government and the opposition fighters. at least two people have reported to have died in shelling in dumas. and government forces are attack being the town of bala. it comes despite a truce, which started almost two weeks ago. and in the meantime, russia
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has been accused of carrying out airstrikes. there are heavy clashes. some have tried to push them out. the u.s.-backed defense forces are making new territorial gains in the north country. making other armed groups nervous. >> three weeks ago, the defense forces are controlling the northern city. and now they have acquired 2,000 square kilometers of land from isil. the kurdish group now controls 20,000 square kilometers of land in syria, between the two major strongholds. there are also oil and gas
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fields here. the city was once home to 40,000 people. but many left before the battle began. others left as u.s.-led on pace airstrikes were called in to prevent isil from taking the city back. >> some led to nearby villages. >> as they retake ground, the syrian defense forces were a professional fighting force. here, releasing the video, showing the help that it offers to an isil fighter. the u.s. government believes that the sdf has the most effective fighters on the ground against isil. but not every isil and anti-syrian government group is an automatic ally of the sdf. here, fighters from the free syrian army targeted vehicles in the town of aleppo that the group controls.
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it's because some sfa groups say that they're suspicious of the long-term ambitions of the territory that they control. >> an israeli security official shooting a palestinian man while he lay still on the ground. in a video, the person says to shoot him in the head. and another person yells, he's on the ground, and don't shoot! the man was suspected of killing an american fewerrist and stabbing self others on tuesday. f. >> a senior fat aofficial and ambassador at large in palestine, he said that he's not surprised by what the video appears to show. >> this is what we experience on a daily basis. number one, israel, excessive
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use of force of terrorizing the nation, and trying to inflict it's political agenda via the use of disproportionate power. if we -- if a billet is fired, they bring their apaches and f-16s. what on earth would justify shooting 50 bullets in this lying body, except for the mentality to make sure that this person has died. it has nothing to do with containment and rules of engagement or the threat of this individual, it's just a revenge, and that is very well rooted in the hate red. and we in palestine have -- israel, the occupier --. >> rejecting claims that the
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israeli officers used disproportionate force against the palestinian suspects. >> they are responsible for saving people being stab bid palestinian terrorists, who are focusing, getting up in the morning, lone wolves, lone individuals and terrorists, looking to stab and kill israeli police officers on the front lines. that's something unacceptable. and there has to be a rapid response by our police officers, and of course it's proportional. if there are attacks across europe, if there were attacks in the united states and public areas, you would expect from every police officer to react in exactly the same way. our police officers are responsible, and all incidents are looked into and examined as well. >> iraq's military is evacuating thousands of civilians held hostage bill the iraq state of lavant.
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it was taken back from isil fighters in december. iraqi officials said that an armed grown spearheaded it. germany's criminal police said that they have files containing personal information about isil fighters and they believe them to be authentic. they give names, telephone numbers, and even those who recruited them. dominic cane has this update from berlin. >> reporter: the developments regarding these documents that apparently refer to one of theas pir ant members of the isil, since then e. we have had confirmation from the interior ministry, and they're working on the assumption that they are genuine and they refer to individuals acquired by the islamic state. they give personal
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identification dates, and their reasons for joining the organization. clearly, the officials in the intelligence services and police services in germany are very keen to make whatever use they can of this information, because it's understood that news sources say that individuals from 50 countries are imp kateed from the documents. and clearly f. the officers are able to track down the individuals from germany and other european nations to travel to iraq and syria to fight with isil in iraq and syria, looking to return to this country and to the european union, it would be very useful for the police and the intelligence services to access whatever they can to perhaps try to intercept these individuals before they can do anything in the european union. the german intelligence and police services, regarding this matter, and they hope to be able to use this data to their
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utmost potential. >> still to come on aljazeera, myanmar's new leader, and natural talent, encouraging the einsteins of the future.
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>> now to the top stories in aljazeera, the human rights chief has announced a growing race, a baby drown trying to reach greece. allegedly shot dead a
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palestinian murder suspect as he lay still on the ground. the personal information of isil fighters, they believe that they're all authentic. the united states am bass zor to the u.n. has criticized the organization for not taking action for peace keepers. there has been a sharp rise in allegations of breaking news, from 1breaking news --bruce fro. if no move is made by their country to investigate serious allegations, the vote was supposed to take place on thus, but it has been postponed on friday. >> let me pose the question to the consecutive ticks, when governments attack civilians, it's our job. when non-governments actors attack civilians, it is our job. when terrorists attack civilians, it is our job.
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so why in the world when the u.n.'s own peace keepers are attacking civilians, and when they commit the sickening crime of raping children, why is it someone else's job? explain that. why is that the exception? >> the canadian prime minister, justin trudeau, is on a visit to the u.s. where he's trying to improve the relations with the two countries. he's the first in three years to come to a state dinner. live at the white house, so how much substance is there in this meeting? >> well, apparently, there's quite a bit coordinated, well in advance of trudeau's arrival here. you might think that with the world's longest and oldest undefended border between the two of them, that relation
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could be very very cordial. and that, by and large, is so. but under the previous government in ottawa, there was a rough patch, particularly after obama delayed and then rejected the cross border keystone xl pipeline. now, this government in ottawa, the trudeau government, regards that as something that is basically water under the bridge, and instead, they shifted and pivoted to talk about some real agreements on climate change and agreements between the two governments in implementing the paris climate change agreement. here's what trudeau said. >> the president and i have announced today that we'll take ambitious action to reduce methane emissions nearly by half from the oil and gas sector, reduce use and emissions of hydro fluoro carbons, and implement gas
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emission standards for heavy vehicles, to flight plan change. >> now, beyond that, there was also agreement announced on further streamlining the arrangements for border security, for information sharing between the two countries, and also for making it easier for both travelers and exercise to cross the border by advancing what is already in effect at airports, which is having people precleared before they even reached their destination in customs and immigration. in this case, this will be further advanced for land transfers. land traffic. so that's one more concrete achievement on the part of the two governments announced here so far.
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>> filing charges, referring to the ownership of the penthouse property. the alleged renovations were carried out in exchange for political benefits. wider investigation for favors offered to contracts for the state run oil company, petro. >> right now, a judge is trying -- there's a wider federal investigation that has to do with practices in regulation to the state owned petro graph company. and this is an investigation that's ongoing in sau paolo, where the former president lives, and the property in question is also in that state. so in many ways, it seems here that the supporters are saying that the former president is being persecuted and his
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opponents are trying to tie the noose on him any which way they can. and it makes the current president, his protége, in a very difficult position. because members of the party, the party that's ruling the country, are asking her to give the former president a cabinet position. because if he's a member of her be cabinet, he will be in some way be immune to state charges in sou paolo, and it will take the state supreme court to try him for any corruption charges, should those be put in relation into this wider investigation into petrobras. she won't allow it because her children have foreign ports. and one of her closest aids. >> this was another important
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step into myanmar's transition to democracy. members gathered in the capital to hear nominations for the next president. >> i'm happy because the hope for our country starts here. hope for myanmar citizens starts today too. and that's why i'm excited. >> she led her country's knock, but she's barred from being president. the negotiations failed. and the signs are that the political transition is not going smoothly. but the next president will come from the nld. the favorite is the lower house, 69-year-old, a trusted loyal ally of the party leader. the nld has not given up hope of suu kyi being president, and there's another push for a
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constitutional amendment in the next year. back to achieve that, relations with the military will need to improve significantly. and whoever is leaked by members of the parliament next week will have to stand aside and allow suu kyi to take over. >> we need an amendment to the constitution. we have to try to amend this constitution with full force. >> the military will also nominate a presidential candidate, and the two unsuccessful nominees after the vote will become vice president vicpresidents. >> hundreds of people have been appropriated in baca in support of the mangrove forests. the government is trying to build two coal sites. and they say that it will help
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to reduce poverty in a government where half of the people have no electricity. [ unintelligible ] the largest mangrove forest in the world -- they are heading to a 400-kilometer march, and their goal is to bring public awareness, and to persuade the government to stop the construction of two major oil-based power plants. they say that the power plants are going to hurt them and destroy the foreevidence forest. there's no backing down from it, the country needs power and energy.
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and it's the time. they said we have done all of the environment assessment and it's perfectly safe. but the environmentalists are saying that's not the case. it's going to hurt one of the largest mangrove and international heritage sites of the world and will hurt the diverse see and the ecology of the area. >> in southern be russia, they were forced to leave their mini bus as they tried to go to chechnya, their bus was set on fire. aljazeera's rory has more from moss couple of. >> reporter: six journalists, two human rights workers and their driver were in the mini bus when it was forced off the road linking chechnya, and 15 masked men stole equipment and beat them with bats. it seems the norwegian got the worst of it. got teeth knocked out and stab
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wounds, but none of the injuries it seems were life threatening, but then in the evening, the committee to prevent torture, the human rights group, was raided by more masked phen. underscores in the recent attack, how dangerous it can be being a journalist or human rights worker in parts of russia. the kremlin has called the european council of human rights, as called on russia to make sure that it's properly pro-ed. but in many ways, this region seems to operate outside of russia's normal and political framework. for months, chechnya's leader has been calling human rights groups and independent journalists enemies of the people, jackals, and they have not been noticeably condemned by the kremlin, and already, the authorities have pushed back against all of the accusations that this latest
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attack has anything to do with it, or if they have anything to do with it at all. >> one of the brightest minds krites einstein as an inspiration. in theert to nurture the future big thinkers of africa, a lack of cash shouldn't stop students from achieving their potential. reporting from senegal. >> he believes that everything, from the universe to the decisions fishermen take out in the ocean have an equation. he's the son of a peanut farmer, one of the brightest mathematicians on the african continent. >> what inspired me was the ability to question everything. to try to have another way of looking at everything. to not say there's a universal
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truth in a sense. >> he works in the african institute of mathematical sciences. top academics, including nobel lawyerettes teach african students who can't afford to go to mit or harvard, but are just as bright. he grew up in a remote village in zambia with nothing to eat. he spent time staring at the sky. and now he studies. >> we are going to invent -- [ unintelligible ] just wait and see. >> the academics behind the school have startled the next einstein forum, for bright young minds whose work is often neglected but needs to be highlighted.
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>organizers say that there's research discrimination, plenty of findings, but the work is often undervalued and overlooked just because it comes from the continent. 17 einstein fellows, as well as young researchers from across the continent are sharing their innovations from top policymakers, and business leaders and academics. >> it's something that the world of aids has totally overlooked. $1 trillion has been spent over the last two decades in aid to africa, and almost none of it on generating expertise in africa to design and implement its own solutions, and we're seeing the consequence. solutions from outside don't work. >> for him, being an einstein fellow is the opportunity to be part of something bigger. i hopes his market mall skills may someday unlock the biggest
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mysteries of this world and it's resources. aljazeera, senegal. >> any time on the website,, and you can watch us live by clicking on the watch now icon. >> for more than a decade, the world has witnessed seemingly endless violence in afghanistan. many tell me the daily reports of the attacks, and the daily killings have ceased to hold much meaning. but for those living in this land, torn apart by war, there's no more important of a time than now. after years of trying to drive back the taliban, most of the nato and u.s.