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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 30, 2016 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> the u.n. recognized government arrives in the capital of tripoli. despite warnings from the administration to stay away. watching aljazeera, live from london, and coming up in this program, the suffering of iraqi civilians, besieged in isil-held fallujah. leaders say that they're being scarfed. protesters agree to disburse after a three-day sit-in in support of an executed killer. and myanmar's civilian
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government is sworn in after 50 years of military rule. the european union foreign affairs chief said that the rival of in tripoli provides a unique opportunity for reconciliation. these are the pictures of the prime minister in the capital, he arrived by sea with a naval escort. the new government was formed after talks last year when the united nations tried to bring together the country's two rival administrations into one government. some members on both sides have disputed the deal. more from mahmoud, with the very latest in triply. >> it's really quiet here, though in the last couple of days, we heard shooting that was like the shootin shoot -- sg
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of muscles between the rival brigades, supporting the government and other brigades. the government of national court have finally reached the capital. and they're now in the headquarters, but until this moment, it is quiet. and it has not gone violent so far. but again, there's a lot of challenges facing this government, especially in the capital of tripoli. two major opponents, and this city, the members of theinential national congress and the national provisional government, they're both opposing the government of national accord. but now the question is, how this new government will manage all of these challenges. >> in pakistan, thousands of people have been in one of the
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main streets are slowly disbursing. islamabad, they are supporters of the man who was hanged on february 29th. over his call for blasphemy reform. 5,000 members of the security forces are standing by to remove the protesters if they didn't leave by government deadline. we have the latest. >> reporter: just before sunset on the fourth day of the protest, and it has come to a peaceful, of sorts, conclusion. now, the pakistani police force were ready to go in. you can see them over there, and that was a pressure tactic for the goings going on. the government said that the protesters are going to be allowed to leave. the protesters are saying that this is a victory for them.
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look, they are waving their flags and they're chanting. they say that what they have really achieved here is putting pakistan's blasphemy laws back on the agenda, and they say that these laws are casual to the future of pakistan. the pakistani government is being forced to look at these very controversial blabs femaley laws and figuring out what to do next. >> this is an argument about blasphemy. the man who was executed, the authorities say that they are not doing enough to punish those they believe are insulting their religion. >> absolutely. that was the moral high ground that they thought they were holding, and they also came because they wanted the government to declare him a martyr. they came in with all kinds of
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impossible demands, but however, while they started out in their favor on sunday, when they first came into islamabad with thousands of supporters, catching the government by surprise, a lot of people started to figure out that in the end, you had just a few hundred people. so there was no other way but for them to find a way to get out of this. now, importantly, there were negotiations with the government, but that was not because the government wanted to negotiate. it was a few who wanted to diffuse the crisis. they went to the government and came to an understanding. now, the interior ministry is saying there's no written agreement. we had an understanding, and the guys wanted a way out. we have given them a way out. but those people who have indulged in violence have caused damage to public and government property, they will
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still be behind bars. but peacefully. >> so what i'm wondering, there were several thousands of them out on the streets, making their point known forcibly. and the government said we'll bear in mind what you say. but is there going to be any change? any further enforcement, any stricter enforcement of blasphemy laws? is there a general feeling across the country that be that should happen? >> reporter: well, there was some support for this particular group. you have to understand that this is a particular sect of islam, and they have strong support in the punja, but they don't have overwhelming support across the country. so apparently, they don't have the other mainstream religious parties backing them. it was just one party that came to islamabad. it appears that everything failed. and the only face-saving solution was to get out of the
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city as soon as possible, because the interior minister, as you mentioned earlier, had called in over 5,000 policemen, and he had told them that no lethal weapons would be used, and if necessary, these people should be picked up and taken out of the venue. we saw just a few hundred people at the end of the days when the security forces were ready to go in and diffuse the crisis. one thing for sure, the people are heaving a sigh of relief, because in the last few days, islamabad was at a standstill. hundreds of thousands of people who commute daily were paralyzed because there was damage to the main bus service. but this particular group who came to blackmail the government, but as i mentioned, the inability of the government to control them in the first place, they have been discredited to a greater extent across the country. people don't agree with them.
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and they want these people -- this is the only way to deal with them. >> thank you. the context, as well as the headlines, thank you indeed. now, france is saying that it's going to end it's military intervention in the central african republic. after the swearing in of the new president. declared the winner in the second round of presidential elections and the parliamentary vote, the challenge is to reconcile the population. tribal leaders in the city of fallujah say that the people there are being systematically starved. the iraqi government soldiers are surrounding the city to cut off supplies, and it is thought that up to 60,000 civilians have nowhere to go, and they're stuck inside. >> reporter: fallujah, a broken city, caught between
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isil fighters and the siege by government forces, they are being pushed to the edge. >> families are dying from hunger, and people are wandering aimlessly in the streets out of hunger. please have mercy on us. >> the ones inside won't let us out and we have no solution. we call on the name humanitarian and mercy to have compassion on us. we don't represent isle or any other side. we're just ordinary citizens. airstrikes has been besieged in fallujah since last year. the goal, to break the city of the thousands of isil fighters inside, but civilians have not been spared. >> the delay in retaking the city has caused suffering and a severe shortage of food and medicine. the solution is to evacuate the
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civilians or drop in humanitarian aid. >> fallujah was the first iraqi city to fall into isil hands back in january of 2014. zoos are scant, and food is being used as a weapon. >> fallujah is being systematically exterminated in silence. there's death and starvation being carried out systematically, just like any other war crime against humanity. >> those stuck here are subsisting on dried dates and plants. and it's not enough, but they have no other recourse. >> countries offering to resettle syrian refugees. a conference in geneva, hosted
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by the agency, the secretary general of ban ki-moon suggested that the opportunities for work and it study could be set up. more refugees, but the u.n. wants to resettle almost half a million. >> the offer for resettlement, at least i would say 10% of the syrian refugee population, so it's about 480,000 people who we estimate are the very, very vulnerable among the refugees. so far, pledgees the amount to 179,000. >> in paris, they have been working to clear hundreds of refugees and migrants from under a railway bridge in the city. the authorities say this they have offered them temporary
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accommodations. here's emma haywood. >> early morning, the police in paris are moving the migrants. by daylight, some people were still at the station, which had become the temporary home. we visited the camp just a few days ago. residents from countries including sudan and afghanistan. conditions had become increasingly difficult. >> i want life, i don't want to die. people like me, i don't know what to do. >> many are fearing showing their faces, the conditions that they were living in in the heart of europe. fahrid told us that he worked as a translator for
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british-american forces in afghanistan where his brother was shot dead by the taliban. he was trying to reach the uk. >> i was trying to reach the uk. i was in calais for five months to go to the uk, but there's no way to there. >> local volunteers have been working to try to help those in need. the authorities in paris say more than 6 and a half thousand people have been offered temporary accommodations since last june. >> it's the duty and the honor of the state to shelter these people. they live in appalling conditions. i invite you to go see the condition of their mattresses and the rubbish on the ground. paris cannot accept camps under the elevated railways. the public space must be given back to the citizens, and for them, it's not a life. while the temporary shelter welcomed by some, a stable and
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secure future is what the people living under a bridge. really want >> a rebel group, negotiating to end the country's decades-long conflict. and inside of the refugee camp, kenya calls a breeding ground for al-shabaab.
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>> the headlines at this hour, the foreign affairs chief said that the arrival of libya's
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government with national accord at the capital provides a unique opportunity for reconciliation. thousands in pakistan, outside of the city of islamabad have agreed to disburse. and the central african republic, swearing in the president. the columbian government has started rec selliation with the second biggest group. the national revolutionary army. the presidency, the half century conflict with guerilla troops. in bogota, it's a much, much smaller group, and so how important is it to get them involved in the peace process that has been going on for a
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number of years now? >> it is actually very important. that's because the absence of the negotiating table was really seen as the elephant in the room. and the effort by columbia to finally bring to an end there the civilian conflict. and that's because even if they're much smaller, as you're saying, they have been able to continue their fight for over 50 years, just like they have shown their true resilience over and over again, and they have also shown that they have been able to inflict real damages in the areas of their influence. also, consider this. many in the government here fear that even if a deal was reached, there was a risk for the airline to be able to move in, the territory that's now under the control of the -- to adapt to the new situation overnight, and push at least
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some factor members. and we have heard the fighters under the control of the farc. >> because you're the expert, the eln based itself, or is basing itself on marxist ideology, the castro/cuban ideals, and to bring them together, would that be the end of farc? or are there others out there perhaps? >> there are no other rebel groups operating in the country besides these two. some splinter group could be created once they decided to give up their weapons, but if the government decided to work together with the marc and the
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el in the territory where they have had control for decades, they feel they will be able to for the first time bring if for the first time in columbia, and end this short-circuit of conflict in this region. so that's the hope here. the presence of the eln in the talks here makes it much more real and makes the people more hopeful of truly being able to end this long conflict. >> on the renewed peace talks involving another guerilla group in columbia. and in myanmar, after more than 50 years of military rule, a civilian government. tim cook has been sworn in as president, and his close ally,
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suu kyi, has been appointed to lead a number of ministries. >> reporter: an emotional moment for many in myanmar. after a long and difficult fight for democracy. a civilian president it in. witnessing a historic event, many who were jailed for years by the military. the new president is relatively unknown. he has been hand-picked by suu kyi, who has been barred from the office. because her childeren are foreign nationals. they will try to change this constitution. >> as the new government, we'll try to establish the constitutional principles, which are national reconciliation and the peace process for the union, and we'll try to develop the living standard of the people. >> suu kyi will be the foreign
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education minister and the head of the president's office. she's seen by many as the person who will in fact be exercising the powers of president. all eyes are on this lady, suu kyi, but they're not sure how much change she'll be able to bring. despite the excitement, celebrations throughout the country were subdued. >> i really wanted to make a big celebration, to celebrate this era, but i can't because i have to earn money for my children. chow is the last farmer after the military evicted hundreds to build the new city. he hopes that the new government will be less corrupt and compensate him for his land. >> we have lived in a dark era for a long time. we were always were afraid to do something, but this time we hope and believe that life will get better.
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>> reporter: but with the military playing a crucial role in parliament and in the new government, many are worried that expectations will be too high. the new president has asked the nation to be patient. for decades, the burmese have proven that this is exactly what they are. aljazeera, myanmar. >> france's president, francois hollande, has plans to strip citizenship from those on terrorism charges. >> these proposals to reform the constitution include not only the plan to strip nationals convicted of terror offenses, but also, a plan to make it easier for presidents to introduce a state of emergency. currently, the system is that parliament has to vote on that. >> the idea was that the
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president could simply bypass parliament in declaring a state of emergency. in the end, francoise hollande was not able to muster the political support for these proposals, and we have to remember as well the atmosphere in which this constitutional reform was first raised, when it was first mentioned. it was in the aftermath of november 13th. he was under a lot of pressure from politicians and the right wing republican party, the far right national france. a lot of criticism from security agency, why have they not anticipated these attacks? this populist opinion. but months later, you see there's not the support from the left-wing of the party, his own justice minister resigned on principle because she would not support the side there, and ultimately, when it came to it
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the numbers were not there. not in the parliament, the national assembly or the senate, which is why we see this climbdown by the president. >> refugees are concerned about the group, al-shabaab, and being able to stay away from its influence. our katherine was able to go there to the kenyan area. >> reporter: patrolling the refugee camp, one of five camps in northeastern kenya. at night, the young refugees will take over the operation, which is home to more than 100,000 somalis. just before dark, they map out their route. there used to be 400 volunteers like this, and now there are only 42. >> many people who join us give up along the way because there's no money. we try as much as we can to patrol all night. our aim is to keep everyone safe. >> reporter: safe from criminal gangs, or even armed groups. this is the largest and most
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dangerous camp. the security forces are reluctant to come here at night. governmental officials and aid workers have in the past been al-shabaab. and the residents say that they're also victims of al-shabaab. he came here until his father and brother were killed by al-shabaab in so many alia he still receives mysterious phonecalls from people threat thing to kill him too. he fears that those who call him are the same who killed his relatives. >> my life has become very difficult. and i suspect everyone when i move around the market. i live in constant fear. >> the government sees the cop as a security threat. >> militarily, [ unintelligible ] but in
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villages there are still a lot of radicals that come. >> al-shabaab fighters have carried out a series of attacks in kenya, most notably last year, where 148 people were killed, and another in a popular mall in nairobi. 67 people were martyred, and the security forces believe some attacks were planned. i asked if he thinks that the cops have been infiltrated by al-shabaab. >> the problem you're talking about is real, but i cannot talk freely and explain the details. that should tell you something. >> the refugees in this settlement are living in fear, caught between al-shabaab on one side and the government forces that don't trust them on the ooh. >> of a mangrove rainforest is under stress. in bangladesh, it is a world
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heritage site. but thereof been three major accidents in the last two years there. >> reporter: in the late afternoon of march 19th, a barge carrying more than 1200 tons of coal sank in a dolphin sanctuary. that's not what these men are working to salvage. instead, they're still painstakingly securing the coal from another spill in this area back in october of this year. >> we have to be very very careful when we're lifting the coal out. if you move it warned uch, it can start to dissolve and go into the water. >> reporter: the barge that sunk in the rainforest was carrying two times as much coal, and salvaging it is hard. more than two times, after the sinking, they announced a ban on the cargo vessels in the river. but a ban had previously been
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announced in 2014 after a large oil spill, only to be lifted last year. >> this is the only route that connects the river. it is the largest rainforest in the world, the focus of large protests. environmentalists are not just angry about cargo vessels carrying hazardous materials, but also about a coal power plant that will be built just 15 kilometers from the world heritage site. >> any project that is going to harm cannot be. >> the government said that the economic needs, competing with environmental concerns, the rainforest is the center of
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a tug of war between activists and the government. aljazeera, bangladesh. >> go to al aljazeera.ct all of the stories. that's >> two white police officers will not face murder charges in the shooting of 24-year-old jamaal clark in indianapolis. >> he doesn't have to support me. i'm not asking for support. >> the republican presidential capped dartle back away from their pledges to back whoever wins the nomination. global nuclear security. >> a case like this is a real punch in the gut for