tv NEWS LIVE - 30 Al Jazeera October 13, 2017 7:00pm-7:34pm AST
and no i'm maryanne demasi this is al jazeera live from london also coming up turkish troops move into syria's adlib province as part of a deescalation deal with iran and russia. we speak to a gym of a traumatized often losing her family and watching me i'm lost soldiers throw her baby into a fire here. with. two dead in kenya as police dispersed people defying a ban on election protests. and just two penguin chicks survive what scientists a calling a catastrophic breeding season in east antarctica. follow in the next hour u.s. president donald trump is due to give a speech laying out a more confrontational approach to him. iran is not expected to pull out of the
nuclear deal but he has decided not to certify iran as being in compliance with the accord he wants congress to toughen u.s. policy towards iran by requiring it to allow greater access to its nuclear sites he will also ask congress to find a way to punish iran for its ballistic missile program the current deal only covers its nuclear activities and his administration will punish some members of iran's revolutionary guard but it will not be declared a so-called terrorist organization so let's discuss this further with our diplomatic editor james bays who covered the nuclear talks extensively and so james it seems as though president trump wants to damage the nuclear deal but not kill it off completely. yes that's certainly what is coming out from the white house we'll hear the president himself we think in about forty five minutes time and he will explain this and some details but what he is doing is decertifying the
deal i need to explain that it's a little complicated the deal was done in july two thousand and fifteen in vienna not just with the u.s. there were five other world powers representing the international community negotiating with iran after painstaking negotiations they signed this deal now the deal was not called a treaty and that was quite deliberate because president obama knows the u.s. constitution says that if you have a treaty it needs to be rationed ratified by congress congress was not happy about this and not particularly happy about the deal so it immediately passed its own u.s. legislation its own act of congress in which they said well we're going to monitor this extremely closely and one of the provisions of that act is that every ninety days the u.s. president must certify if they still think that the iran deal is in the national security interests of the united states now president trump twice has signed uncertified yes what we now know he's going to do and he'll be announced as i say
in about forty minutes time is he's going for the first time d. certify the deal that doesn't kill it though it pushes it to congress and under that u.s. congressional act they have sixty days to decide whether to reimpose sanctions on iran the trumpet ministration don't want them to do that they don't want to kill the deal but they don't want to do nothing either what very want them to do is actually change that u.s. act of congress and add in some new tough measures what they're calling trigger points which will force iran on other issues beyond the nuclear program so just maybe tell us more about those trigger points how important were they to the two thousand and fifteen deal and why does president trant have a problem with it. well i think the key thing about the the areas that will be in the trigger points most of them are things that were not in the international deal the international deal was a very complex document one hundred fifty nine pages but the basic deal was quite
simple iran suspends its plans to get a nuclear weapon in return for the international community including the u.n. and the u.s. to suspend all the sanctions related to the nuclear program there are other things though that the u.s. doesn't like that iran's doing like its ballistic missiles program like its involvement in other countries in the region and the administration talks particularly about syria and yemen so those are potential trigger points they could put into new legislation also one of the things in the nuclear deal they don't like is the so-called sunset clauses some parts of the deal run out after ten or fifteen years so that is again something they want fixed by this new legislation that they want to put in place so what you can have is an iran nuclear deal and then the u.s. having its own separate additional legislation on top of that nuclear deal big
question if they go ahead and do that how is iran going to respond certainly not killing the nuclear deal right now but going forward could this move that's taken place and about to take place with a speech from president trump mean eventually it collapses all right james thanks very much james bays our diplomatic editor and so perhaps it's wire fence taking a quick look at the nuclear deal itself that was reached in july two thousand and fifteen but when iran in their so-called p five plus one the u.s. u.k. france china russia and germany after twelve years of talks iran agreed to get rid of more than ninety percent of its stockpile of enriched uranium which could be used to make nuclear weapons it also agreed to decrease its number of gas centrifuges which are used to enrich uranium and the limits were imposed. in the development of advanced centrifuges to avoid iran upgrading its enrichment capacity in return some of the toughest sanctions on iran which is one hundred billion dollars a frozen assets released if iran violated any part of the deal the u.n.
sanctions would come back into place for ten years but the possibility of a five year extension well iran says its ballistic missile program is for defense purposes only and the u.s. cannot evade its responsibilities by accusing others. joins us live now from the capital teheran so a great deal going on zain and expecting president to speak about his plan for iran about forty minutes time how is all this that's going on in washington being viewed way you are. in the same way that we've known where donald trump's position on iran is since even before he became president we have had an indication of what iran is expected to say there and to spreaded reaction is going to matter of public record for the last week all of the leaders from president rouhani all the way to deputy level leaders in the foreign ministry have been singing from the
same hymn sheet that they will not tolerate any new sanctions that they will not tolerate any sort of targeting of its revolutionary guard it is a very beloved. wing of the military assets that iran has president rouhani saying that it is in their hearts it is in the hearts of the nation just days ago so the iranian government has been very clear that it will not tolerate any sort of change to the nuclear agreement and it is expected to give a proportionate response steve said they've been quoted as saying it will be a crushing response but iran is also motivated to keep the deal in place it's been of political benefit to the government here and so what they've been doing is they've been pivoting away from the united states to europe. penalized to russia in hopes that these countries can help save the deal we've we've seen just this morning speaker of parliament ali larijani on his way or in mexico rather i'm sorry
apologize in moscow saying that he hopes that russia can help to save the deal the deal has been beneficial for iran in two ways it's welcomed the country back into the club of nations and it's also put iran across the table from world leaders at the negotiating table and it's giving iran a chance to. show itself as a country that has a thousand years or several thousand years of history behind it and one that can be dealt with through negotiations through through through talks as opposed to the two the threat of sanctions or force so in that way iran's government is motivated to preserve the deal but if it will in the face of the words words coming from the white house i guess we'll know in a few minutes tom we will and i i guess the difficult thing for iran is that so far they've been somewhat restrained and quite careful about not being provoked into
any rash response to that tougher approach that's been coming from that trump administration. in the last few months but this is going to now make perhaps life more difficult for the the water elements in the iranian political establishment. i think that's exactly what the government here is considering at the moment just just to distance the last hour we've received a statement from the foreign ministry spokesman and in the way the government is continuing to push its position that it is it is for regional stability that it does not support the development of destroy weapons of mass destruction and so the iranian government has has had a very measured approach to this but that's exactly right when the deal was signed two years ago. it was touted by ronnie's government as as the right deal at the right time that it was the answer to much of the country's problems but any of the economic benefits that they did have there have been economic benefits but those
have not been felt by the middle class or the or the urban or i'm sorry the rural population of iran and so. the average people on the street have not felt that the deal has necessarily benefited them in the last two years two years is not a lot of time in the sort of national fiscal sense but be that as it may the deal that was once very popular at home is not as popular as it is now and as trump's war of words continue to target sort of iranian national pride if you will that's definitely going to turn people away from thinking that this deal was a good idea in the first place which could mean a hit for the rouhani administration in domestic politics all right thanks very much zain will definitely get back to you with some more reaction from ron a bit later on but for now thanks.
turkish army says it started setting up observation posts in syria's edler province after sending troops to the area the deployment as part of a deescalation deal with iran and russia it was announced that the soldiers will advance south to central to fight the. but several reports suggest they are actually moving towards the town of at this puts them in close proximity to areas controlled by kurdish forces in the north of the region seen there read. reports now from the border with syria turkey's cross border operation is underway. these are soldiers from a special unit tasked with setting surveillance post in a province. turkey aims to enforce a cease fire agreement that was signed last month. president. said the move was crucial for turkey's national security.
is it our front here we have to take our precautions no one has the right to tell us why are you doing this we are the country with nine hundred eleven kilometer border with syria where there was that under harassment and threat no one has the right to tell us why did you do this. turkish soldiers are seen here in. the village on those border with. not far from areas controlled by the. syrian kurdish faction turkey has repeatedly insisted it won't allow fighters to expand further to worse the lot of western provinces of and. this is a delicate operation for turkey it live. he's boasted controlled by hate at the. for. if former qaeda affiliate. rejects the
deescalation agreement vowing to fight to the death it's not yet clear if the group will be turkey's next target turkey's main concern was all new. people but on the. referendum process there are some consequences of the kurdish movement in the. western border off to syria to turkey on thursday egypt and opposition fighters a cease fire agreement in the east of the. rebel stronghold in the syrian capital damascus the deal would allow the rebels to get humanitarian aid in their besieged areas but would also allow government troops to shift their focus to the east where they are on the move against isis the military campaign in syria poses many
challenges for turkey as a stated goal is to ensure a ceasefire agreement holds in but it's real motive might be denying the kurds access to areas like the coastal province of la taqiyya. on turkish border with syria when other developments kurdish forces have an iraq evacuated a number of villages to the south of kirk and it fears of an attack by iraqi government troops in militia fighters is believed or iraqi forces have now moved into these areas which kurdish forces have control to two thousand and fourteen occurred to make use iraq of getting ready to launch an offensive to seize kurdish held all fields around the city but baghdad is denied these claims tensions have been rising between the two governments since the kurdish secession referendum last month. there's much more to tell you about the program and a blow for jacob zuma as a south african court upholds a ruling to reinstate seven hundred eighty three corruption charges against him.
and fire crews in california battled dry windy conditions to tame more than a dozen wildfires as hundreds of people remain unaccounted for. hello and welcome back now as we look at weather conditions across parts of southern and eastern china and taiwan and the philippines where you can see this massive cloud which is responsible for an awful lot of rain at the moment across parts of taiwan but certainly further south the philippines has seen some localized flooding as a result of this particular tropical storm which is going to continue to move further towards the west across high none and then through into northern parts of vietnam and laos and again like the previous storm system which went across here there could be some serious flooding issues and obviously that will take a while for the previous rains to clear so this could cause some serious concerns
so there's the picture through south over some really heavy rain across lose on a clears away as we head on through into sunday at that stage we'll see some rain pushing into parts of hong kong and macau but for her noise should be a long dry at that stage still some showers across parts of laos meum are heading across into south asia we've seen some pretty heavy rain across southern parts of india bangalore seen some heavy rain over the last twenty four hours forecasts suggest more heavy showers continuing here some showers as far north as one point as far east as cocozza further north it should be fine and sunny in delhi thirty six. oh reefs the rain forests of the sea we continue on our current way we want to pole raise within twenty or thirty years from so you're essentially trying to recreate the ecosystem but under controlled conditions the money is the problem still has
a history. of the great barrier reef saveable but we're going to stop mail and we need to get everyone behind the solution no i think this time all gold is iraq. welcome back a quick recap of the stories making headlines this hour u.s. president donald trump is due to unveil a new tough a strategy against iran in about half an hour's time but he's not expected to pull out of the nuclear deal. the turkish army says it started setting up observation posts in syria's ablett province off to deploying its troops as possible
deescalation deal with iran and russia. and goatish forces in iraq evacuated a number of villages to the south of cocoa commit fears of an attack on iraq a government troops and militia fighters. unsung suchi has used a red televised address to call for unity to resolve the ranger crisis she's been on the pressure if i'm not condemning the army's alleged abuses against the muslim minority most of the refugees you fled myanmar for bangladesh are traumatized by what they experienced in a camp. jim met one woman who lost most of her family. for resume a big home there is nothing but pain. and. my baby was in my lap and when the soldiers hit me and he fell out of my arms then they pulled me closer to the wall and i could hear that he was crying in after
a few minutes i could hear that they were hazing him too she tells us soldiers for me and mars army had set a fire outside the house they were in and then the unthinkable. my baby was thrown into the fire and then they raped me these are pictures of resume a son sadik he was one and a half years old and very playful a happy child she still can't believe is gone. i feel like i'm pinning on the inside. then she breaks down. as she wails in agony resume screams out for her mother. a mother who is also no longer alive when her village of tula tooley in the district of rakhine
state was attacked resume says her parents two sisters and brother were killed as well. having fled me and mar regime and her husband are a feat now live in the long camp in bangladesh resume on refeed story is similar to what we've heard from many other survivors are refugees who shared their terrifying accounts of having been brutalized by soldiers and mia mars' army many described witnessing mass killings gang rapes beheadings and numerous other atrocities human rights investigators are accusing me and mars' government of carrying out crimes against humanity a charge me and mars government denies with more than a half a million rohinton refugees having fled me and more in the past six weeks medical aid and psychological support is in very short supply it's one reason rifi is so worried sometimes she says her head feels like it's twisting and that she can't
tolerate it sometimes she looks at the photos of our baby and she screams and cries every single day she. says that until they have money resume i can't get any more treatment for the head and jaw wounds she sustained when she was also beaten by the soldiers and so resume a sits alone and traumatised longing for a family that perished and a home that no longer exists. at the could to prolong camp in cox's bazar bangladesh now is to protest as have been shot dead in kenya after more demonstrations against the electoral commission police use tear gas to disperse opposition protests in the country's three main cities where protests have been burned kenyans are due to vote in two weeks time in every round of presidential election which was a no by the supreme court opposition nato pulled out of the race this week he says the election board failed to institute reforms to guarantee a free and fair vote for me to mirror has more from nairobi. the opposition says it
will continue with protests across the country that's despite a ban by the government on demonstrations taking place in the central business district of three cities including on the coast consumer in western kenya and the capital nairobi now we have seen small protests taking place on friday which were quickly dispersed by police using tear gas and the opposition says the banning of these protests is unconstitutional and it's their right to protest against the electoral commission that they're demanding reform of that commission and how it conducts the elections also they are waiting for the president's final signature on the newly passed amendments to the electoral law that would allow a president who can iata having victory ahead of these elections because opposition
leader raila odinga has withdrawn from the elections though there is some confusion around whether or not these new laws would apply given that it didn't go with to before they were paused now the opposition is also saying it will have a massive rally in the coastal city of mombasa over the weekend and despite this withdrawal by its leader from the election it's continuing to try to draw attention to the reforms that it once and to some extent garner more support ahead of an election that it doesn't plan to take part in south africa's supreme court of appeal is up held a high court ruling to reinstate seven hundred eighty three old corruption and four charges against president jacob zuma a date back to before he took office in two thousand and nine zuma says he's disappointed by the court's decision and denies any wrongdoing tanya page has more . it took less than fifteen minutes for the supreme court of appeal to reject the
president's latest attempt to avoid corruption charges. dismissed because. the charges relate to allegations during a multi-million dollar deal from the one nine hundred ninety s. they were controversially dropped in two thousand and nine clearing the way for jacob zuma to become president the reason given by the prosecutor at the time was that secretly recorded phone conversations showed political interference last year the high court ruled the decision to drop the charges was irrational and they should be reinstated some legal experts say with the supreme court now dismissing his latest appeal the ruling must be enforced is action over the last decade smack of a desperate attempt to avoid this eventually these actions of a man who knows he has a lot to answer so in this life. i'll be writing to the national prosecuting authority that's not the work of public prosecutions advocates they are.
insisting that in fact jacob zuma be served with an indictment and appears in court . at the soonest available. but the n.p.a. the national prosecuting authority sees it differently it says that because the supreme court didn't explicitly say the charges are reinstated that means it's able to reconsider the investigation. did you not instruct the m.p.'s it is one of the canals that we put them out on appeal that the court has not instructed to reinstate the charges it must be said the matter to the consideration this is an important decision because it's being interpreted differently by the opposition democratic alliance which is doggedly pursue the president and the n.p.a. it's not as decisive as it might same ultimately there are still several options available to president zuma who has always strongly denied the allegations. the
national prosecuting authority says it will do the right thing and follow the law but some opposition parties say its current here is an ally of president jacob zuma making the prosecution of a president who is facing mounting opposition seem unlikely tony a page al-jazeera from from time south africa. firefighters are continuing to battle wildfires that have already killed at least thirty one people across california dry windy conditions are making it hard to bring twenty separate blazes under control hundreds of people have been injured and four hundred are still unaccounted for around three and a half thousand homes and businesses have been destroyed what's being described as the most lethal fires in california history investigators believe they may have been started by toppled power lines last sunday i thought where you have to run you have to run the problem you know my choice we've not been you have to leave us there and so you have to leave when that happens save your life and you get flight
i just can't say enough about how grateful we are to the fire departments are phenomenal job they're doing. spain's economic growth could be at risk as uncertainty continues over catalonia a deputy prime minister says the national economy as a whole could expand less than initially expected in twenty eighteen so are signs to santa maria also pointed out that hotel reservations in catalonia currently falling by twenty to thirty percent voted to secede from spain two weeks ago in a controversial referendum that the national government in madrid ruled illegal. but it's called parties in austria holding their final campaign rallies ahead of the general election on sunday the current foreign minister and head of the conservative people's party's a bastion of goods is just thirty one years old victory in the polls and making one of the youngest state leaders in the world but neither his party nor coalition part of the social democrats are on course for majority they may need to then strike
a deal with the right wing freedom party that would see a far right party in government in austria for the first time since the second world war. now tens of thousands of penguin chicks have starved to death in antarctica and what experts are describing as a catastrophic breeding season it's the second bad season in five years for the breed of a daily penguin with all but two of the chicks dying experts say it's caused by unusually high amounts of ice late in the season with adult penguins having to travel further for food conservation groups are calling for urgent action on new marine protection in the east antarctic region home to about thirty six thousand came grains of this type al-jazeera spoke to the head of the world will fund and nature downey about the demise of these penguins. what we've witnessed is a really catastrophic breeding failure at one large adelie penguin colony on patrol island in east antarctica so colony that we know very well we've been supporting
research with the french antarctic program at this colony for the last seven years and so we know what that about eight hundred thousand pairs of adelie penguins attempted to breed at the colony and just two chicks survived the reason why this happened was that there was very extensive local sea ice this year at a really critical part of the breeding season it was just at the end of the season when the adult but birds go out to feed on krill and to bring krill which is a shrimp like crustacean back for the chicks to eat so the adults had to travel much further they were expending more energy and eventually they simply had to abandon the chicks. top stories this hour president donald trump is due to shore and they'll a new tough
a strategy against iran but he's not expected to pull out of the nuclear deal when he will do is ask congress to find a way to punish iran for its ballistic missile program in addition to the nuclear activities but he also wants them to amend or replace legislation which requires him to certify iranian compliance every ninety days same best rally has more reaction from iran the iranian government has been very clear that it will not tolerate any sort of change to the nuclear agreement and it is expected to give a proportionate response to say they've been quoted as saying it will be a crushing response but iran is also motivated to keep the deal in place and it's been of political benefit to the government here. and all the headlines the turkish army says it's began setting up observation posts in syria's ablett province turkey has deployed its troops as part of a deescalation deal with iran and russia it was announced that the soldiers would be advancing south but there are reports that they're heading east close to areas
controlled by kurdish forces. elsewhere kurdish forces in iraq have evacuated a number of villages to the south of kirkuk amid fears of an attack by iraqi government troops because of accused iraq of getting ready to launch an offensive to seize kurdish held oil fields around the city which baghdad the nine. a spokesman for me to unsung suchi has told the reuters news agency the defacto leader is a pole that the rancher crisis but needs to tread carefully to not inflame the situation. controls the government but not the country's military. and at least two protesters in kenya and that in more demonstrations against the electoral commission police used tear gas to disperse opposition party says in the country's three main cities kenyans a juicer vote in two weeks time in a rerun of august presidential election which was a nod by the c.p. . or you're up to in all of our top stories but of course if you
want to know more this is the place to go al-jazeera dot com is the address but coming up next techno looks at a new technique to save the world's coral reefs are we back off to that in about twenty five minutes time stay with us. coral reefs are the rain forests of the sea prize for their beauty and resources the world over. they are also one of the earth's most fundamental ecosystems a threat to climate change and no place better symbolizes their importance and their plight than australia's great barrier.