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tv   Counting the Cost 2017 Ep 52  Al Jazeera  January 2, 2018 8:32am-9:01am +03

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any future peace talks of course that would complicate an already very complicated situation israeli prosecutors have charged a palestinian teenager on twelve separate counts after she was filmed slapping and kicking two israeli soldiers in the occupied west bank sixteen year old i had to me was arrested two weeks ago after the video was posted online and remains in detention she could face up to two years in jail charges have also been filed against her mother and cousin pakistan has hit back at criticism from u.s. president donald trump who tweet to the country has given nothing but lies and deceit in exchange the billions of dollars in aid is not a bad says trump trying to blame pakistan for the u.s. failure to win the war in afghanistan. new rules making it legal to buy marijuana for recreational use have been introduced in the u.s. state of california about ninety stores were allowed to start selling come of this on new year's day but those were the headlines the news continues here on
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al-jazeera after counting the cost staging that sort of life up. news has never been more enviable but the message is simplistic and misinformation is rife the listening post provides a critical counterpoint challenging mainstream media narrative at this time on al-jazeera. hello i'm sam is a than this is counting the cost of al-jazeera the weekly look at the world of business and economics this week flying taxis megadeals and management shakeups will look at the flight plan for global aviation in two thousand and eighteen after a turbulent year here in the crowd also this week sales there on the rise find out why what that tells us about the state of the global economy going into the new year. plus
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a matter of life and death on the nile but for which country by egypt's call on the world bank to help settle the dispute the longest river in africa. has two thousand and eighteen gets underway a couple of big multi-billion dollar deals are in play which could change the face of entire industries now there's one blockbuster deal that could reshape the global aerospace industry aircraft maker boeing is held multibillion dollar talks for a takeover of brazil's embraer now the deal should it go ahead would combine the world's largest aerospace company with the third largest passenger jet maker the brazilian government would have to sign off on it and the two players have only confirmed they've had private talks but the move is being viewed within the industry as significant with advance of consolidation wave sweeping through the aerospace sector now you might remember knocked over european rival airbus secured
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a controlling stake in the c. series jets from calendars bombard. and there was also in focus this week here in the middle east demanding an apology from the united arab emirates after the u.a.e. banton is in women from flying to the gulf state or transiting its airports in retaliation to buy based emirates airlines has been banned from operating flights to and from tunisia charlotte ballasts reports. this was the scene at tunis airport on friday as women turned up for flights the start of a u.i. travel ban against women and girls of all ages to be given to it was really nothing if i came here and found chaos and they're saying to an indian woman under the age of thirty cannot board emerick plane family member money but i arrived here only for a man to come and tell me that any woman who holds a tunis in passport is banned from boarding as airline. two days later the u.a.e.
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explains the temporary travel restriction is for security reasons the minister of state for foreign affairs posted on twitter they had communicated security information with tunas here and that the u.a.e. appreciates and values to his young woman. but outrage across china zero and elsewhere grew with claims of discrimination and racism to his ears governments took immediate action the ministry of transport has decided to suspend emirates airlines flights to and from tunisia to the latter finds a suitable solution to operate its flights in accordance with international regulations and conventions emirates didn't respond to our request for an interview to do confirm via twitter they were instructed to stop services to tune a spy to newseum authorities a fictive to seen between the fifth children as young as two years old were being barred from flying i mean not many people would consider the threats and officials
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were even informing families that even if you were a one month old female baby you wouldn't be allowed to fly and you wouldn't be allowed to enter the territory emirates is the only airline that flies you a direct meaning it severed the transport link between the countries it's unclear if the diplomatic link will also be cut. to his ear has been trying to repair relations with the u.a.e. after its twenty eleven revolution its biggest political party has strong ties to casa currently under blockades by the u.a.e. and three other arab countries emirates will remain suspended until feels it can operate within international regulations the sudden and vague ban that museum woman face now turned on the line or joining us from london is peter morris peter is a chief economist at global flight good to have you with us now from emirates air flights to tunis here to cut the railways flights to some arab destinations it
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seems like you went a little ban happy in the middle east in two thousand and seven how did that impact the region as a travel harb. well i think you've probably got to take the camera back to some extent and look at what's happened in the industry overall and then within it what's happened within the middle east and i think the first thing it's interesting is if you actually look at the end of last year after was looking at about five percent or so traffic growth for the year in fact it's turned out to be more than fifty percent higher than that or at seven a bit percent so overall the global industry's really done pretty well and profits of maintained the same kind of level that they had been twenty sixteen so you know overall in st feeling good about itself however what happened in the middle east and there's been a succession of issues that started with the u.s. administration introducing certain visa rules followed by laptop bands and so on
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all of which impacted potential demand on an important network for gulf carriers in particular but what's happened is that there's pretty much been a hand brake stall on the kind of levels of growth that you've seen from twenty to twenty sixteen which are around ten to fifteen percent or so for at yad for qatar and for emirates and those of drop to pretty much one to two percent or so year on year and it's going to be even less when you roll forward into twenty eighteen to what extent do you think it's going to impact those gulf carriers in two thousand and eighteen and beyond. well i think what's interesting to look at that in the background of an industry that without doubt those go carries profited from the economies of scale that they changed and particularly developing markets to north america europe to asia pacific and so on and so there is been
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a certain degree of scrabbling necessary given the sudden changes that occurred on the political front to try and find new markets to adapt to the capacity that's coming on stream will they are find ways to slow down well i mean it's pretty much you've got to. what you're finding is certain carries are being excluded from certain markets for whatever reason and so that where they were looking at ten twelve percent growth they can't be looking at that in fact they're looking at no growth at all on those particular markets so we've got to look at alternatives now if we broaden it out a little bit and talk a little more global we've got buying a stake in bombardier boeing possibly doing the same with embraer is the market they're heading towards consolidation well it's interesting that. bombard there were pretty well. dependent on that delta deal than if the delta deal fell through
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my particular if these terrorists are three hundred percent or whatever the figure was going to be brought in clearly or made the whole deal in feasible so air bus to some extent have helped them out but i think that there is a real advantage for air bus in looking at having a plant within north america that will actually have a lower cost of operation annoyed the europe or canada so it's not just philanthropies that's taking place by bus and indeed in the case of boeing it's a question of whether they could be looking at the kind of potential they could have in terms of outsourcing certain elements to brazil where there's a low labor cost and there is a highly trained workforce as well on the aviation what are they getting perhaps lower production cost but ultimately what does it mean for consumers as these companies get bigger and bigger well i think you're seeing a transition phase that moment where the. body and then both have kind of top of
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the range bottom of the narrow body range in terms of the kind of standard seven three seven or eight three twenty so that what they're doing is bringing in an airplane that much more economic but it's still got a certain capacity limit in talking about the future in airbus is supposed to start testing its air taxi service in two thousand and eighteen you've got that joint effort by and brian nasa will be testing those in two thousand and twenty to what extent do air tanks you think represent the future of the taxi business well i i think you're talking nice there aren't you i mean there's been the whole sort of very light jet. phase in which you are talking about. two to six people type jets that could operate at a much lower. cost but nonetheless that's only been
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a nice market i think the economies of scale are such that you see something happening at the narrow body level the sort of one fifty two one seven five seat and that's a kind the sweet spot in terms of economics of operation if you look at the wide body sinless sweet spots around three fifty four hundred type seats and i think it's very very difficult to get the economics right when you're talking about one pilot and possibly even two pilots flying six people you know the economics just don't stand again i don't think i want some pointless served line goes to be highly less. you know is the autonomous plane the way forward. i think is a lot of psychological barriers probably the technical barriers have all been solved to some degree but the psychological barrier is for the passengers and for the airline operating those particular vocals will always be challenging to some
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extent you can imagine the situation if there is some kind of problems that occurs and the excitement that will be in the media about that even though you know aviation is the safest form of public transport but nonetheless you're going to see an intense focus before those pilotless aircraft are going to be permitted and even looking at moving from two pilots to one pilot is a considerable challenge for airlines so moving from one to zero it's not that the problems are really technical the problems are almost certainly psychological and regulatory who wants to be talking to a machine when they're up in the air anyway thanks so much. there. ok now two thousand and seventeen was the year the driver's current trucks became a reality we saw them being tested on roads in the u.s. and u.k. developers say more than a million lines the year could be saved without humans behind the whales accidents
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would be almost eradicated but that could also mean a loss of millions of jobs lawrence lee has more in this brave new world of dance official intelligence the first direct effect on all our lives will be in transport it's already begun and it will change humanity in many ways it's well enough known by now that driverless cars and lorries are being trials the future we're told may involve our children not having to learn how to drive please press the automation button to raise the car window to me to never say never again was this one even sitting in a simulator you feel a lack of control if you don't grip the wheel or press the brakes dragging on for real involves a leap of faith to reassure you that it's true that the thing to the steering wheel you are now free to engage in other times the engineers here assure the technology is good enough for driverless travel on motorways if not in congested cities because there's too much going on. you know this is extremely busy and complex
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environment with lots of potential who destructors people running across roads. so i think that's probably too complex we've certainly tried contemporary think automation both on the motorway and in urban environments. they don't work at all in urban environments and even on motorways they require regular interventions by human drivers. the future it seems may be a combination of systems moving us from port to driverless poled monorail systems near airports are driverless and people use those quite happily the paths of the cars through space would be similar to if there were you know some physical guide to them so i think in some cases so long as the as the speeds are fairly low it's probably a safe proposition. true believers in driverless transport say we will be able to sleep or work nob vehicle but if that sounds good it will also mean the loss of
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millions of jobs and i wonder trades unions want to know how those jobs will be replaced we're looking to see massive massive investment in electric vehicles driverless vehicles future mobility we need a great leap forward it's easy to understand this concern in the u.k. there was a massive shock when car factories which had traditionally employed thousands of people all shut because of foreign competition this used to be the jackie were factory in the west midlands now it's going to be a warehouse the advent of driverless cars and wide automation could be a far greater shock still the british government reckons that driverless cars could create up to thirty thousand jobs in the u.k. which sounds ok until you hear evidence that says that in this part of england alone automation could cost three hundred thousand jobs it becomes pretty clear that governments like the one in britain with a job strategy for automation and quickly were asked to consider
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a world in which no humans at the wheel of a vehicle means accidents will not happen more than a million lives will be saved every year driverless vehicles will be on the roads and soon but will human souse jobs rely on transport except them and can we learn to trust the machines to safeguard the lives of those we love still to come on counting the cost how intrapreneur as from a refugee camp are turning all tents into a thriving bank business. the river nile is one of the world's most important water resorts says nearly a quarter of a billion people depend on it africa's largest hydro dam the grand ethiopian renaissance dam is set to begin filling up this reservoir in the new year and it's not clear what that will mean for other countries downstream so the four point eight billion dollar megaproject. it is raising massive concerns about water rights egypt calls it a matter of life or death but so does ethiopia which needs the dam to transform its
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economy. says previous agreements on water sharing our outdated and now egypt as i asked the world bank to step in as a neutral party. we usually work and cooperate to avoid any kind of tension and there are some issues that should be taken away and separated from others and i think the water issue of egypt sudan in ethiopia should bring us together in the union because it's the issue related to the future and the interest of the three countries. will not bring any significant harm upon the egyptian side and we are working at the state of the us we are trying to be very transparent the important thing here is that if there are any concerns that come from the egyptians we are working very closely to solve. for more interviews and explain is on the dam and the history behind access to now waters take a look at our previous shows on hydro economics at al-jazeera dot com slash
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counting the cost it's a story that's likely to top government agendas and several african countries in the year ahead this is that planting season left a path of death and destruction in the u.s. in the caribbean it cost an estimated two hundred billion dollars in damage coastal communities were the worst hit severe weather is being linked to climate change and is jacob ward reports from california rising sea levels are also something to worry about if you live by the sea. for years scientists have been warning us that by the end of this century climate change will bring more storms more forest fires and drought as well as rising sea levels but a new report from the union of concerned scientists is getting specific revealing the exact neighborhoods block by block that the union says will be repeatedly flooded within the next six decades alameda in northern california is one of them
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the services go beriah is hopeful that this former naval base could relieve its overcrowded housing market but if the projections are correct that is not going to work out so this would be underwater this would be one of the first neighborhoods in alameda that would see chronic flooding due to sea level rise what's chronic flooding by that we mean flooding on average every other week every other week twenty six times a year while dr christy dall co-author of the report says that having seen the data she feels we must rethink where we live when we first set out to research sea level rise so we had fan pression that a lot of people do that it's something that won't be affecting us until the end of the century perhaps but when we started to look at not just what's going to be permanently underwater but what's going to be flooded often enough that functionally it's unusable that's when we saw that this problem is really going to start affecting communities decades earlier than we had anticipated it waterfront
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house has always been a symbol of success but as the water rises it may yet come to symbolize the very real dangers of climate change. global arms sales are up according to the latest reports from the stockholm international peace research institute its latest report shows that u.s. group lockheed martin is now the world's top arms producer and brings it didn't seem to have an impact on the arms sales of british companies the a ranks number four in the top one hundred list of global arms for juices russia has been selling more aggressively in the past few years and chinese companies too are exporting more the report also said south korea is becoming a bigger player among so-called emerging produces. earlier i spoke with peter way xmen senior researcher of the arms the military expenditure program at the stockholm international peace research institute i began by asking him what the size of the global arms market tells us about the state of the global economy i
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think on the one hand it's a significant in the industry and we talk about for example that total sales of those hundred largest are producing companies in the world amount to something like treatment and seventy five billion a year that's a significant amount on the one hand but on the other hand we really look at how that compares to other industries let's say the car industry if you look at the largest arms producing company in the world which is located mark martin in the u.s. they have a turnover of about forty billion in two thousand and sixteen a company like fox by then has a turnover which is easily five times as big things a bit in perspective the arms industry is important the arms industry has an impact but in terms of the economical impact it is actually not that large we don't talk about a very large percentage of the world economy other than instability what other factors
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are linked or driving the global increase in demand for arms well i think ron is the perception that military capability is important for security perception which of course is it's kind of driven it's kind of supported by the industry itself they do what they have to do as an industry they will try to sell their product and try to explain world that their core product is needed to create stability and security on the national or regional or even the global level and that is a very important fact factoring into the other one is economic developments states that have more to spend are tend also to spend more on all arms and finally there is of course that that idea and. i'm not saying it is true but there is the idea that investment in the arms industry can lead to technological development of a country that's a very questionable pieces to make but i think it still is an important one which
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is being used by the arms in this treaty to to sell their products and finally the plight of refugees is something that's likely to remain the focus in the year ahead and one country on the front line of the refugee crisis is of course greece jonah hill has this report from athens on how entrepreneurship is an important key to integration. while busy continues to store those on the refugee route into europe in a little warehouse north of athens some lives a changing for the better right know yes. i'm. happy now i'm ready to have you have. come a spring. here refugees from afghanistan pakistan and iran run a business making bags and backpacks using old tents and other material from the camp they want lived in i can't afford like
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a movie i take care of my children better as long as i have a job here. i am happy to stay here lisa campbell founded the ngo that set up this business what it does is give them a reason to be able to stay here because they are safe here their kids can go to school here they have medical care here there are there are reasons to stay angry if you have a job. the greek government has closed a number of refugee camps on the mainland preferring to try and integrate refugees into society all that remains of camp is the sitemap and whatever these budding entrepreneurs could salvage this is a pile of beds recovered from a recently closed refugee camp this canvas will soon be turned into designer items it is if you like upcycling of the refugee crisis this business turning a lot of misery into
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a little bit of hope and happiness made in greece here at least the exercise in integration is going well. i think it's a great improvement for the area and people can get to know what these refugees and organizations are doing but lisa campbell knows they're really only scratching the surface of a much bigger problem i want to know that i've done made a difference in these lives. and maybe the example somebody else can pick up or maybe other people can do the same thing to help those thousands upon thousands of dollars. but it's a start and the bags are selling like hotcakes online and that's our show for this week but remember you can get in touch with us find twitter use the hash tag a.j. seton c when you do or drop us an e-mail account of the cost down to zero dot net is our address there's more for you on line that al-jazeera dot com slash c.t.c.
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that will take you straight to our page which has individual reports links and entire episodes for you to catch up on. for this edition of counting the cost i'm sam is a dance from the hotel here thanks for joining us and al-jazeera is next. cut . and under pointed one of. us and british companies have announced the biggest discovery of natural gas in west africa but what to do with these untapped natural resources is already a source of heated debate nothing much has changed they still spend most of their days looking forward to for the dry river beds like this one five years on the syrians still feel battered or even those who managed to escape their country
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haven't truly been able to escape the war. you are making very pointed remarks when they're on line the main u.s. response to drug use and the drug trade over the last fifty years has been to criminalize or if you join us on say no evil person just wakes up other than the morning and say i want to color the world in darkness they say is a dialogue and that could be was leading to some of the confusion the lie was about people saying they don't actually know what's going on join the colobus conversation at this time on al-jazeera. al-jazeera. where every. they say walls years in palestine they also have odd. architectures use use by our that's where the video visor reveals the role of architecture in his
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radio queue page everything in this panel rama to use a tactical tool with n.p.r. the picture of the patient just need to know how to decode the architecture of fine that's part of the rebel doctor series this time on jersey. hello i'm daryn jordan in doha with a quick reminder of the top stories here on al-jazeera south korea has proposed holding high level talks with pyongyang on jan or the ninth the offer comes a day after north korean leader kim jong il and raise the possibility of dialogue during his new year's address. and we look at the improvement of relations between north and south korea cannot go separately with the resolving north korea's nuclear .


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