tv Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Al Jazeera January 8, 2018 11:00pm-12:01am +03
hello there and you know when donald in london the top stories saw announces iraqi government forces in syria stepping up their offensive with a two pronged attack against opposition fighters in it the largest remaining off position stronghold in the country and eastern goosestep supposed to be a deescalation zone set up last year with the backing of russia iran and turkey but
the deer up here is to have crumbled president asset backed by russia is bent on taking back control of the area to cement his grip on power for civilians though the onslaught is causing misery in freezing winter conditions explains. the sound all too familiar to many syrians as the war enters its eighth year the concern in the adler province is just how large the scale of the death and devastation could be. syrians here remember what happened in two thousand and sixteen when government forces regained control of aleppo once syria's biggest city . i'm not them the mold i was tempted you bashar we will look leave we will die in syria we are all civilians why do they do this then america then the arab league then the security council i don't think it is the largest remaining rebel stronghold in syria during peace negotiations it was designated
a deescalation zone or safe haven for civilians. has been anything but since the government began its offensive in october to recapture the province civilians have been killed in increasing numbers one of the latest attacks was a car bomb explosion killing at least thirty people. in the last week alone the turkish human rights group i h h says more than one hundred thousand people have been forced from their homes. in this is. the story of this union cut. or not it's not what the syrians it's music mean more regional agreement on the first one. the syrian observatory for human rights says in the last two weeks the government has regained control of sixty villages in it live including singe on. the field but that's just becoming we have liberated singe are
fully and this is since our school and these are grain silos sindar has been liberated from the gangs of job out on the road. the syrian government is keen to make gains in northern syria the kurds control all but a small area of territory in the north and dream of it becoming their homeland they're also hoping for a seat at the negotiating table during russian sponsored peace talks later this month the success of those talks is already in jeopardy more than forty rebel groups including previous attendees say they won't be going natasha. thousands of nigerians who left the country for a better life in europe are being flown back home from libya by the nigerian government also travel to libya in the hope of eventually making their way to the european mainland instead they were sold into slavery tortured and abused they see people have been killed after protests broke out across a dam over the rising price of bread one of the victims was
a high school student who was killed during protests in the city of janay now police have arrested a prominent opposition leader and confiscated newspapers and it clamped down on the rest. there are fears that an oil tanker burning in the east china sea after colliding with a cargo ship could explode one body has been recovered but thirty one crew members remain missing the tanker was carrying about a million barrels of oil. rights groups have been protesting against the u.s. government's decisions and the temporary protected status of more than two hundred sixty thousand immigrants from el salvador they've been allowed to live and work in the u.s. since two thousand and one when and salvador was hit by two major earthquakes well you can find out much more about the stories we're following head to our web site the address is. al-jazeera dot com. those are your top stories on al-jazeera stay with us next up it's face to face malcolm x.
and martin luther king which looks at how black equality gave rise to historic gains in american civil rights will see a bit later. freedom is not free. every day people die for freedom freedom is not free and in these two guys these two men died just so would we could have basic rights just so i could walk down a street. and not be arrested be able to you know do normal things like everybody else these were the watchman of the ta if they came and they received a life when you told martin if you go out and speak to your people you go to dad martin still had the determination to dad for what he was going to say they told malcolm the same thing if you go out and speak to your people you're going to die
but they had determination to look death in the face and say i am going to speak in spite of that's right you can get into your true nature you look like you act like malcolm you mean you act like you ready to that which you believe there are because you know it's you know great a calls them for you to be to the greatest human being that god placed on this plane that is trying to kill you i shot. someone one hundred sixty four new york is in the grip of riots clashes between white police and inhabitants of black neighborhoods have turned violent ten years of struggle for civil rights have not brought an end to the injustices and racism suffered by black americans. anger boiled over after a police officers shot dead a black teenager. in harlem the
indian nation and revolt was embodied by one man. x. in photographs he projects a role intensity to match his stated indignation at the abuse that american blacks have suffered. malcolm x. was the spokesman for the nation of islam the black muslim movement that preached supremacy of blacks over whites. at the start of the one nine hundred sixty s. the media were constructing a combat that stirred the civil rights debate malcolm x. versus martin luther king leader of the civil rights movement who was fighting against segregation in the southern states. martin luther king the hero of nonviolent resistance was a favorite target of markham acts white men revenue martin luther king subsidized revenue. so that revenue looking can continue to think the negroes to be defense.
martin luther king never responded to malcolm's attacks he never agreed to debate with him the only time the ever met in washington the two men shook hands but barely spoke to each other. but one photo remains edged into memories an image that brings together the two opposing dreams of the black calls. hang on a let nobody turn me round to me round turn me round and go on and live nobody turn me round i'm gonna key bano walk again keep on walk on up to freedom. the civil rights movement was the singing movement. we were in the deep south and african-american people were church going people
and for the most part we're in christian churches one thing martin luther king brought me to was a preacher that is preaching a message he brought was we must take the church out of these four walls that's a direct quote from martin. martin luther king underwent his political baptism in alabama one of the most races states in the south where many whites continue to behave as if slavery had not been abolished a century before. in montgomery king organize a campaign to boycott the buses it was the start of a major struggle against laws that kept whites and blacks apart in public areas and the denied blacks their right to vote. for a right we have a duty to. call when you said above and you. were given bad because you have a duty to sit down and merely because you have
a right you have a duty to step back across the land if you see them that bad you have a bent. and if you let the right man get into you. about. him was workin take down side now. that prevented black people from ride in buses where they wanted to and to ride and train public transportation prevented them from voted in and all of those things that black people were prevented from doing and the south but not in the know not blacks of our ways could vote but as malcolm said you may have the vote but you end up voting for nothing because they've already decided that you're not going to have any power but.
i moved to harlem in the summer of one nine hundred sixty two and i are moving in on a friday night saturday morning we got up instead of unpacking all of that we decided we were going to walk down the main street in harlem which is linux avenue which is now malcolm x. boulevard. and she would just look at the community when we got down coast in an exam know we saw a crowd gathering so we said oh i was going go and he said malcolm x. is going to speak. we've heard of him you know to boogie man he was the boogie man and lead in violence and shouldn't kill white folks and all that kind of stuff but that's mainly what we had heard so we said listen we've got to say it is time for you and me to figure out that it is time for you or me to hear for ourselves and it is time for you and me to fight for our set we don't need anybody today speaking for our thing for us or fighting for it he spent a lot of time talking about the psychological attacks of white supremacy the
attacks on our minds and that to me was like completely eye opening when i begin to hear and i begin to cause to realize all the things that have been happening to me as a child growing up and other things that i now realize were a part of that site the movies you know that all of those things were part of that psychological attack to make us feel inferior one has to rely on that to collar person black kinda fifty's and sixty's was in in south and thing to did it was mathematics who i am most single handedly transformed their racial crouches snippets of black people. so that they no longer were ashamed of being black the honorable elijah muhammad is that the one stealing.
and we did steal he stopped us from gambling and is that the one line stealing runs rampant you know game only runs rampant in her own title evils in places that care product immunity run record in a home. in harlem everyone knew the story of malcolm little the young hoodlum who discovered the nation of islam and its leader elijah mohammad while in prison it was muhammad who made malcolm x. the spokesperson for this black separatist movement with its racial vision of a world where black muslims would live apart from whites thanks to markham x. the nation of islam became popular in the ghettos of the northern states but organization was always one there was concern about offering an an option an alternative to black americans you know here's and here's something what we're talking about in terms of the goals and objectives we have as far cry which you hear you know you following christianity for example well as connected to the slave
trade that's connected to your slave holder you know he does not have your best interests in mind he's given you a religion it's that tamps down your your potential for violence and raising up. mr x you have described a muslim moment as a religious organization and you've said that there are a great many misconceptions about your attitude and stated views can we press for a very simple answer to one question do you hate all white people i don't think it's a fair question. headed to the right my head in the white man doesn't even come into my attitude he did mr mohammed teaches us to love our own kind and let the white man take care of himself for the right man to days after kidnapping millions of black people from africa stripping them of all human characteristics and relegating them to the rule of channel or cattle or animals commodity merchandise that could
be bought and sold it will in then one hundred years since the emancipation crowd proclamation using every type of deceptive method to further us into slavery call second class citizenship i think that it would take a whole lot of nerve for white people today to ask negroes do they hate it ok malcolm spoke to the white media but he was not trying to convince still white media then that what he was saying was true because he knew that they were going to distort what he said. but caving around of the hand and artists of the spoken word he worths try our way stranded get the attention of the media to use the media to support he is non violent approach to social change was after seeing the repeal of segregation laws in the alabama busing
king pursued his action in other states the son he emerged as the leader of the civil rights movement. we do not want to wait fifty years for our rights we don't want to wait twenty five years for our right we don't want to wait ten years for our rights we want all of our rights we want them here and we welcome now. the young pastor became a celebrity the media hailed the effectiveness of his nonviolent approach king and his lieutenants used television to effect in front of the cameras they saw to provoke the violence of the authorities demonstrators were told to show no hostility towards the adversary but to resist peaceful. method of hundreds systems is one of the most if not the most overt weapons.
all in the freedom. in the cities of the north nonviolent resistance was a message that fell on deaf ears in new york malcolm x. famously visited a police station to denounce the violence i'm not satisfied with the fact that the police in this downtown area has punched one of our brothers in the mouth and their brother wasn't breaking any law he was only selling papers and it would be dangerous for them to get the impression that we endorse martin luther king the last of the of turn the other cheek malcolm represented the kind of attitude and political perspective of many of young black so-called militants and radicals coming out of urban areas in the north they have a different coming attitude it was hard for them to swallow this notion of nonviolence you know so i go inside my head then retribution is coming i can
see myself falling down on my knees and given any kind of extra advantage to my enemy malcolm says somebody hits you you send him to the cemetery the nonviolent strategy of modern new thick king jr from now come back was a week philosopher it was a philosophy of turn the other cheek it was a philosophy of not hit in the back and now come comes from a black nationalist tradition that does not believe that you can and can't show freedom yell seth respect yo get me to buy sit play the lead in somebody's head beat up on you and you not shy
to defeat in yo say that's why he malcolm emphasizes seth defense. but. emphasize nonviolence because if blacks had responded trying to defend them sad that would a brought down the pole lease department down our own those demonstrators and whites would have loved to have the chance to kill black people in distress. so king and malcolm had that tension. i am happy. with you. will go down in the rear. the greatest demonstration read on and the history of. television played
a central role in the african american struggle for equality in one thousand nine hundred sixty three a series of events covered by the national networks reveal the scale of inequality in the south to millions of americans well they're right now in one thousand nine hundred sixty three was the year of martin luther king's try and his relationship with president kennedy who had been in power for two years was key to his strategy but it was this alliance which ween king and washington this idyllic picture of reconciliation between blacks and whites that provoked the ire of marco makes it all started in birmingham alabama in the spring of one nine hundred sixty three king and another pastor ralph abernathy were filmed being arrested for organizing an unauthorized demonstration the arrest was part of a strategy that king would use in future campaigns it was important that the cameras captured the unrest birmingham was a city that embodied
a southern racism where whites like to repeat the governor's slogan segregation now segregation tomorrow segregation forever can believe he that alabama would not and could not polisi it seth and that what he wanted to do was to show that so that the federal government would have to become involved and their body make a family a law that would over rod anything that any of that jim crow laws that's in birmingham alabama in one thousand nine hundred sixty three it was in prison where martin luther king wrote the text that encapsulated his struggle the letter from birmingham jail king wrote the purpose of a direct action program is to create a situation so. crisis pact that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation.
president kennedy intervened and king was soon free and a few days later king and his followers found a way into the national consciousness. one of his lieutenants suggests well why don't we have school children they don't have jobs they don't have mortgages. a lot of controversy about that within king's circle. but the decision is made and so we have hundreds and hundreds of children marching. and that's also the moment where the bull connor the public safety commissioner decides to bring out attack dogs and high powered fire hoses
a spectacular story. malcolm x. is quoted in the media being very very critical about king and the movement allowing children to march and be arrested and be brutalized that was our main crucible berman here. i mean the fact that it would you the children would be put in this and after what i understand even some of the king people kind of you know had a problem with that initially they misled they had a problem with interesting lee it's it's at that moment that the coverage of king starts to change because very shortly after this particular
campaign it it's now it's called the children's campaign very shortly after that the white power structure in birmingham basically collapses a green is to basically agrees to king's demands the media coverage of king then very quickly changes he's not the militant anymore he is the hero two days after his victory over the local authorities martin luther king was the target of an attack several buildings were burned down by white extremists leading to riots in the black community in the face of the unrest john f. kennedy sent the national guard to the outskirts of birmingham in harlem markham xscape full voice to his anger we are not integration. and we believe that your little to try and mix with someone who doesn't love you well that doesn't mean that we in any any way condone what those friends are doing in birmingham alabama
people should know that it is no accident that long balls were writing negro women negro babies a negro children kennedy said nothing it was only after the negro began to strike that. it was then it was then that kennedy called ending on don't you be going by kennedy don't you people by the don't go down negro free just want to tell i thank you you get that good i get the like you don't. after the events of burning martin luther king and malcolm x. were interviewed a few days apart for a program about the race issue brings us an interpretation it was an opportunity to share their opposing vision was to put the black caucus malcolm x. has said of your philosophy that it plays into the hands of light and practice that
they are happy when you talk about love for the oppressor because this is far from the negro well i don't think of love as in this context as emotional bond i don't think of it as we all but i think the love of something strong and all the nice south and powerful i direct action and i think some of the criticisms on nonviolence of some of the critics fail to realize is that we are talking about something very strong and they can few. non-resistance with nonviolence is. king assumes that people are reading know that he is right about what he is sand so he is using the intellectual tradition of why it's in order to
make his point malcolm does not use the intellectual tradition of whites to make his point malcolm uses the experiences of black people in the ghetto the people that he's talking to reverend martin luther king. preaches a doctrine of nonviolent insistence upon the right of the american negro what is your attitude a lot of white men have been martin luther king subsidize luther king so that government luther king can continue to teach the negroes to be defenseless that's what you mean but not about that we defense must be defenseless in the face of one of the most cruel be it had ever taken the people into captivity after the american way. it's unbelievable it sounds like an agreement between criminal bosses trading in stolen goods that have
been taken by the place if anyone ever comes to ask the question then sort of throw their hands up in the air and say i don't know i was just nominee director we're doing investigation in. ukraine would you say bribes you've been corrupt or are corrupt did just the presidency council zero investigation the only dogs this time the latest news as it breaks the government of mali so mikey has pushed to have a series of laws that it says will make argentina's economy more competitive with detailed coverage in two thousand and sixteen when the government stops us doesn't the cost of college or jumped by sixty percent the queues disappear at least for a year from around the world the military and the establishment in the capital bangkok know that it's very difficult for them to win support in parts of thailand like this. education with a difference interpretation of islam is absolutely different from mine as
a muslim woman a taliban school for girls in afghanistan reveals a way of life rarely seen. your goal to not only tell them about their bills and regulations but to teach them about. an exclusive documentary gains access to the goals of the taliban. at this time on al-jazeera. hello there i'm going with donald in london the top stories here on al-jazeera government forces in syria are stepping up their offensive with a two pronged attack against opposition scientists in the largest remaining opposition stronghold in the country and eastern ghouta it levis supposed to be a deescalation zone set up last year with the backing of russia iran and turkey for
civilians though the onslaught is causing misery in freezing winter conditions the u.n. is deeply concerned for the safety and protection of tens of thousands of people in southern italy in rural hama in northern syria northeastern syria where ongoing hostilities are reportedly calls hundreds of deaths and injuries of civilians tens of thousands of civilians already in dire circumstances have been recorded is displaced since the first of december due to the fighting with the onset of winter save shelters among the biggest concerns is many families are fleeing into areas that are already at full capacity into communities with depleted resources of these two people have been killed after protests broke out across sudan over the rising price of bread one of the victims was a high school student who was killed during protests in the city of janina piece of arrested a prominent opposition leader and confiscated newspapers in a bid to clamp down on the unrest demonstrations began in the southeastern city of
some out on saturday after bread prices there doubled there are fears that an oil tanker burning in the east china sea after colliding with a cargo ship could explode one bodies been recovered but thirty one crew members remain missing the tanker was carrying about a million barrels of oil products. rights groups have been protesting against the u.s. government's decision to end the temporary protected status of more than two hundred sixty thousand immigrants from el salvador they've been allowed to live and work in the u.s. since two thousand and one and el salvador was hit by two major. french president. to move. china into the twenty first century during his first state visit there mccall met chinese president xi jinping in beijing after starting his trip in the capital of shale on china and the e.u. to work together to share the benefits of increased trade. your.
malcolm x. and martin luther king two legendary figures with opposing visions for american civil rights and into their rivalry plays out on prime time television in the united states from the. king is equality and all right citizenship for negro league all of dr martin luther king is to give negro the chance to sit in a segregated restaurant saying white man alive four hundred years the goal of dr martin luther king is to get negroes to forgive the people who have lived them four hundred years but by lowering them to sleep and making them forgetting what they've done to them. criticize martin because he was
trying to we end our ballo to sick nakes to why people are in a restaurant but man says i mean that's not freedom sitting next to white people is not freedom said whites freedom is black people having their own self-determination where they can buy their own restaurant and they don't have to worry about whites not serving them. june eleventh one thousand nine hundred sixty three mocked a major victory for king and his movement president kennedy gave a televised address in which he presented the plight of southern blacks as a moral crisis affecting the whole country but are we to say the world and much more importantly to each other that this is a land of the free except the negroes that we have no second class citizens except negroes we have no class ok our system no ghettos no master
race except with respect and it goes. now the time has come to this nation it will fill its promise events in birmingham and elsewhere and so increased the cries requalify that no city or state or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them. a few days later at the white house civil rights leaders submitted their plans to the kennedy administration for a major political rally in washington their aim was to draw attention to the injustices that continue to affect twenty million blacks the administration was afraid the unrest would spill over onto the streets of the nation's capital king reassured the white house and the event took place but on the terms set by kennedy .
on the day of the march the whole of america could follow proceedings lines on t.v. thanks to cameras set up along the route the three national networks gave wide coverage to the event which was the culmination of a decade of intense struggle for civil rights. what you see is an emphasis on black and white together. the march was about three quarters african-americans one quarter white but if you look at the coverage you would think it was almost fifty fifty so one way that television news was framing this monumental phenomenon is of blacks and whites coming together each see images of marchers and the emphasis is always on dignity. so you see these framed
portraits of marchers. you know the t.v. cameras are always looking for well dressed marchers and this was part of the organizing of the march where your best clothes right you're going to be seen by the nation so the impulse seems to be on the day of the march to portray this for television viewers as non-threatening and you know this is the ideal this is what integration looks like that to me was i was like a picnic it had almost like a picnic like atmosphere to i of this like totally unimpressed and although i was you know i had already accepted brother malcolm interpretation of it from listening to him speak but but. to me it was it was i was out when you look when you when i
was there and i will say to myself why would anyone object to this this is a great this is great. for the kennedy administration makes them look as though they're doing something and something major is going on and i have a three. time fire formula. one day live in a nation where they will not be deterred by the color of their yes but by the content of back eric i am was now you have two hundred fifty thousand people you know gathered in one place seemingly on the same page. see many there to idolize the kind of iconic value that dr king represented at the end and even the people who organized the march recognize that king would be the centerpiece you know a philip randolph in
particular you know exactly what he was doing that dr king would come on and move that crowd is such a way that no other speaker in this country could do on capitol streambeds one day i home it out about mom with that finish races. with the governor having him conniptions tripping with the words up into position another fictitious one day right hand in alabama the little black boy was in fact won't be able to join hands i'm afraid bob and right at the seven brothers not free. everything is i have a dream. i have a dream i have a dream and and to me the greatest lines from that speech that should be embedded into the minds of especially of young black folks is the full fathers of this
country gave us a promissory note and we have come here today to cash that check that to be that's so bothered me and in terms of an image created in the mind that was a powerful statement. totally even though. we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is backed. by we refuse to believe that out i in the kitchen found a crate of opportunity a bit late so we have come to cash this check check that will give up the problem demand the riches of freedom and the security of stuff. from uncle max the march on washington was an event to be rejected in a famous speech he attacked what he calls the farce on washington.
the click to put kennedy in power during the march on washington is just like when you got some coffee it is too black. which means it's too strong what you do you didn't agree with cream. it used to be hot it becomes cool it used to be stronger becomes weak. it used to wake you up now what you just did. this is what they did with the march on washington they joined it became a problem it took it over and there they took it over the last its militancy. they seized me angry they seized me hot they seized me uncompromising why even seized to be a mom she became a picnic a circus were nothing but a circus with clowns and all. they control it sucks to be the title of
negroes one time to time. how to cook. where to start. hearing. that song the same. speech they could make in with a speech to cover me and then told them to get out of town by sundown. the march on washington sealed an alliance between king and kennedy. from now on it was king who had the ear of the white house. according to the media the two men were going to write american history but it would be written without kennedy. monday nov twenty fifth one thousand nine hundred sixty three america is in shock following kennedy's assassination as the nation watches his televised funeral king and the black cause have just lost their most powerful political ally but malcolm
x. upsets the mood of mourning. when kennedy is killed. because the grief for the nation was so intense any quote or sound bite that seems to be critical of kennedy. is just not going to be tolerated malcolm x. second in command of the black muslim movement expressed joy at the assassination of president kennedy at a manhattan rally last sunday night and said that the killing of the president was an instance of the chickens coming home to roost he added and we quote being an old farm boy myself chickens coming home to roost never make me sad they always make me to let in chicago today a larger mohamad the leader of the any white muslin movement suspended malcolm x. and this about his state you know you little chickens out in the morning they go
around and they always come back. what it was what chicken was basically words was the same as saying what you reap is what you sow and brother malcolm position was with dedicated it ministration had allowed all of that violence to occur in birmingham in other places and had not done very much about it but the way that the media of course takes up that quote is malcolm is saying kennedy deserved to be shot i personally wish he had not sit now because it was not true because i believe every word of it but i because he was able to it brad ammunition for his enemies both in the you know in the larger world and in the nation of islam to use it against after three months of silence imposed by elijah muhammad malcolm x. was finally banished from the nation of islam from now on he had to speak for
himself you consider yourself a militant. i consider myself malcolm. i think when he left the nation of islam in march of one thousand nine hundred four he felt it too was a great degree i feel a kind of a liberal tory he felt liberated in fact he had some point said something about the straight jacket is no longer on him now he can move and become more political because understand that the nation of islam tended to tamp down any kind of political expression to stay clear of that that's what god malcolm in trouble when he said something about kenny's assassination you know about the chickens coming home to roost got him into deep water so and inept precipitated a number of other moves but he was already as far as i'm concerned he was beginning to step outside of that any way he saw him saw of in
a larger picture and making a greater contribution. what will be the difference between your new movement and the nation of islam well the basic difference will be probably more flexible and it's not my intention to teach among muslims those who are already muslims but to take mr mohammed's message out among non muslim so called the world or your work then with negro groups that are working for integration but we won't be joining them nor will they be joining us but we will work together on any objective that we haven't come all that will be for the common good of the negro community. in washington martin luther king continued his political work with a group of senators sympathetic to his ideas he joined the debate on the civil rights draft bill initiated by kennedy the bill was the most progressive legislation yet regarding african americans during
a press conference which he gave him capitol hill king saw an unexpected visitor at the back of the room it was markham x. . malcolm x. always wanted to meet king. and debate with me. but king our ways refuse to meet with. largely be cowards he knew that if he met with america support from the white community would be our most eliminated so king had to carry himself in such a way that the support for which he gat from the world why community would not try. after the conference the two men
met face to face. this encounter that king had always avoided it unfolded in front of the press and photographers. the meeting only lasted a minute but these images that capture them side by side like this photo what is smiling became a strong symbol of reconciliation between two opposing visions of the black caucus those two people martin and malcolm symbol live is something that is in our our african-americans each of us has a little bit of martin add a little bit american and us see malcolm represents that blackness enough's that sand's that we are all white even messing with us
we are the david now come represent. that fayyad that fight that refusal to let any bad a define who we are can represents our desire are to get along with everybody and could implies our desire are to want to create a society for all people define by nonviolence love and care for our people and the society. on july second one thousand nine hundred sixty four the civil rights bill was signed at the white house what king saw come into being that day was a federal law that punished all racial discrimination in the u.s. he appeared alongside president johnson as a victorious hero at last this law was washington's response to king's dream.
a few days later america was caught up in another crisis following the acquittal of a policeman who had killed a black teenager riots broke out in new york for two days and nights violence reigned in the black neighborhoods king's lieutenants try to ease tensions but to no effect. one rioter was killed one hundred eighteen injured and nearly five hundred were arrested several police officers were also injured from marco max it was a sign that blacks were no longer prepared to turn the other cheek the spiral of violence had begun sixteen hundred was the donkey. and said he'd keep six people mostly. in
a dizzying hundred however the nigger. least that was my name. in a t.v. sixty how was the negro. and then roll them out all came along. and then some nigger shouted down them down. but the bitter truth lives on. on february the twenty first nine hundred sixty five malcolm x. was assassinated at the start of a political meeting in the audubon theater in harlem three men shot him at close range. one of the killers a member of the nation of islam was arrested the same day his violent death abruptly ended one of america's most famous political debates. martin luther king gave his public reaction a few days later i think malcolm x. . think he played a role in pointing out the problem calling attention to it but his
great problem was an inability to emerge with a solution he had slogans that. were captured and that people listen to but i don't think he ever pointed out the solution to the problem. what king didn't know was that in death marcum x. would become much more than a rival he became a memory the revolutionary consciousness for a generation of young blacks. word of his death spread through the ghettos and resonated like a revenge on king. six days of rioting in a negro section of los angeles left behind scenes reminiscent of war torn city more
than one hundred square blocks were decimated by fire and looters as the national guard moved in restore comparative calm in the second half of the one nine hundred sixty s. america entered a long cycle of race riots media attention shifted from the south to the ghettos of the north king following this movement he campaigned to denounce the economic injustices that blacks faced in america's major cities. king described riots. as temp attention of children i'll people who don't have an option can put that effect cry out to say i am somebody adult here listen to me you know what you don't want to me and can i understood that and he realized that the sang.
staff. of resisters dead he it used in the south would not work in the know it is that everyone isn't in washington i senatorial committee was set up to investigate rising violence in the ghettos king was summoned to put forth his position on the talking basically. economic and social yes that's correct senator of cava i think. that it is necessary to see at this point that the issues which we confront all the hard. core economic issues for about a decade we worked on public accommodations and the right to vote and as i said earlier it was necessary to do this an audit to remove a stigma or an audit to remove the humiliation of a caste system but now we moving into an area where
we must demand basic reforms that will deal with these basic economic issues our whole problem of housing and education and i think we've got to see that this is much harder it was easier to integrate public facilities it was easier to gain the right to vote because it didn't cost the nation anything he was moving into the arena of economics. at konami justice. and that was a whole different arena and a lot of people who supported him in trying to get rid of the laws about sitting on the back of a bus and being able to eat at the lunch counter when he thought talk about economics boy some of those people who stop pulling away could this is that there was a new ball this is another ball game when you see the king in his later life he begins to refer to all these radical black sand i tradition who are so challenge
the government and so you see king talking about they've turned man dream into a night man he begin to take a stand against the war in vietnam he began to pull out and as a poor people's campaign and fight against poverty that king was the king who became the radical king and that's when he began to move toward malcolm x. . on april fourth one thousand nine hundred sixty eight martin luther king was assassinated in memphis. a few days later at his funeral the black community was not only mourning its national leader three years after the violent death of malcolm x. it was laying to rest the two dreams that it shapes the history of african americans.
welcome back well the really hot weather across the strait here particularly sydney is just easing slightly is still pretty warm temperature thirty two degrees there same as for brits been elsewhere we've got a southwest césar temperatures significantly lower in melbourne and some heavy showers around northern parts of australia with the potential for tropical cyclone development in the coming days pushing towards the kimberley for perth should be a largely dry wanted to showers around but for much the time fine with temperatures
of twenty four degrees as we head across into new zealand here we've got some showers on the western side of the south island the north island is looking dry and fine and then we're going to see temperatures taking a bit of a tumble for christchurch as the rain becomes more persistent during the course of the day on wednesday but still for current drive fine highs of twenty five putting up into northeastern parts of asia we've still got fairly cold air in evidence an air of low pressure pushing through on its northern side plenty of snow for tokyo though the south westerly wind is going to be quite mild though fifteen degrees as the high but colder air tucking in behind is ahead on through into thursday so temperatures will be falling away very cold air in across the korean peninsula those are my soul temperatures minus six for pyong yang and for beijing also looks like being quite a cold one temperatures here remaining below freezing. unbelievable
it sounds like an agreement between criminal bosses it's like trading in stolen goods that have been taken by the place if anyone ever comes to ask the question then sort of throw their hands up in the air and say i don't know i was just nominee director we're doing a investigation into. ukraine could you say bribes you've been corrupt and i've been corrupt i did just what the president says the challenge is here investigations the only go at this time. this is al jazeera. and that i'm tim mcdonald this is the news that i'm far from up and coming up syrian government forces ramp up the pressure on its lebrecht two of the last two rebel held areas. trumpet ministrations has more than two hundred sixty thousand
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