tv Partition Borders Of Blood Al Jazeera February 2, 2018 3:00pm-4:00pm +03
the wind returns to the story of k.k. the girl from wang joe. at this time on al-jazeera. they're the children of jailed chinese criminals with nowhere else to go one. is giving them a home one of the children growing up with their parents behind bars at this time on al jazeera new yorkers are very receptive. because it is such an international city they are very interested in that global perspective. hello adrian figure here in doha with the top stories on al-jazeera al-jazeera has obtained a u.n. report which says the saudi led coalition bears the greatest responsibility for the deaths of yemeni children last summer it blames the coalition for killing sixty eight children between july and september the document shows that there were at
least thirty coalition raids every day some targeting schools and homes but it also says that the fighters killed children too suzanne megan is a protection and advocacy adviser on yemen at the norwegian refugee council she says the international community must do more to stop the conflict. this report details children who have been killed in attacks in violence but it doesn't account for the millions of others that are affected by the conflict including thousand that have. hundreds of thousands that have been affected by cholera children that are not able to go to school children that are on the brink of dying of starvation so i'd like to think it'll be taken seriously but it remains to be seen i it is astounding to me that we have a united nations security council that has not commented on yemen in now more than seven months that the scale of suffering in yemen is incomparable and we have
twenty two million people in need of west peaking to families who are fleeing their homes because of violence in constructing houses out of plastic bags and people don't have enough to eat they're forced to eat whatever they can find this this sort of suffering is inexcusable and we'd really like to see some action taken from the u.s. the u.k. and the united nations security council that we're seeing that all parties to this conflict have complete disregard for the impact of the conflict on civilians. the numbers might be increasing or decreasing but we can never be absolutely sure what those numbers are because some of these areas are so hard to reach in any case any attack that impacts the civilians or forces them to leave their homes is clearly in violation of the rules of war and something we call on parties to to stop immediately. the united states is taking a tough stance against suspected chemical weapons attacks in syria the trumpet
ministration says it's not ruling out the use of force to the syrian government forces the u.s. says that it's extremely concerned about a suspected chlorine attack on the duma on thursday if confirmed it would be the third chemical attack a month five migrants are in a hospital in northern france with gunshot wounds from a mass brawl in cali police were called in as afghan an eritrean refugees forth the two hours on the outskirts of the city the tasha butler has more from cali. well there is no doubt continue to be something of a pressure cooker refugees continue to arrive all the time in this northern french poor they mostly want to go to the u.k. of course and cross the english channel but security is very horrific it's becoming more and more difficult to do that and they get stuck here and most of them then very grim conditions they are sleeping outside it is very cold food and clothing all those sorts of things well they have to rely on the kindness of strangers and it was interesting before because we heard the french interior minister saying that
the charities in fact in the activities are working with the refugees what they got the best some responsibility for the violence that took place on thursday because by giving these food handouts they are in fact encouraging people to come to cali and they are encouraging large crowds of refugees to gather while the charities have hit back they think that is unfair and they think they are doing the important humanitarian work that the fridge state is failing to do for the ninety migrants feared dead after their boat capsized near the libyan city of samarra the international organization for migration says that only three survivors of them found from the group which was trying to cross the mediterranean to italy ten bodies of washed up on shore so far survivors say that most of those on board were pakistani. britain and china have agreed to take the first step towards what they're calling and ambitious post briggs's trade deal britain's prime minister to reason may and china's president xi jinping say that they will that there will be a joint trade and investment review has been on the third and final day of visit
august donna claimed the front photo of british pop as mr jinnah governor general of the new dominion arrives at the constituent assembly in karachi. august nine hundred forty seven. a century of british rule over its indian empire comes to an end guest of honor in the muslim capital while older laid him out of bed carrying out one of our loves buys regal guilt is all the partition of india took effect. the new nation of pakistan his school. meanwhile in the stage was set all british road to give pays the bill dominion of india. a date leader across a newly drawn border leader to celebrate the birth of the republic of india. freed from colonial rule the creation of these two countries completes
a long struggle for independence years ago we believe that we did any. and now the time can then been shown to be mild. but even before the celebrations are over chaos erupts. panic and fear sets in as neighborhood turns on neighbor unleashing mass violence. millions flee their homes. the celebrations were or was marred by blood they took place against the backdrop of perfect violence. and. people who a year before we tended to each other's wedding parties drink each other raping each other's daughters roasting each others' babies on the spit. with human passions are unleashed. none of us can can foresee what could happen. while
historians recount the horrors of the past for those who lived through them it's like yesterday. we're going to the world to move or have been lucky though when the yardbirds or our monday we're going to monitor. the eighty six year old joginder singh called it was a young teenager in india at the time. seventy years on he still remembers how muslims hindus and sikhs turn on each other. or when they walk you know wonder if you would go if you. they really do think. with the word in the out. again the little girl you've already been to would want to be would want to go to. the local.
would you know they walk all over or. when they're. who or what do. we want. or who are here to learn who will go in the. ground who are. on the other side of the border in pakistan the memories are just as strong in one nine hundred forty seven saladin colleagues family were muslims in india he's never forgotten how he escaped the killing but others didn't. we were staying in our. house on six september one thousand nine hundred eighty seven six o'clock when my mother was saying a spear i heard
a shriek cowing somebody. i turned and i saw it with a sword in the hand coming in my sister's body and. it was the enter the. room of my mother killed her and they ran. toward us this is the house saladin fled his home in fear of his life when he returned the horror lay in front of him when i enter the house it was just making here are the. holes nothing sort of holes. then you see your own mother. drenched in blood. and stomach open. then starting coming up i would.
how did it all come to this. many point the finger at india's then colonial masters. when britain ruled india it was the jewel of the empires crown plundered for its natural resources. but in the devastating aftermath of world war two britain had its own problems on the home front. the list was returned to london with renewed feeling universal opinion in the country and bankrupted itself fighting itself to death of the nazis. and so british authorities say that it was the exhaustion of them power and the bankruptcy of the mother country that led to the realization that the simply no way the british could keep this enormous empire in chains the moment to come to head back home to a land of rationing drizzle low light and leave the exotic plagues of india behind . after decades of crushing
any movement towards indian independence postwar britain had not had the wheel or the might to fold on to its calm. there is massive demonstrations across india. and there was. an awareness that the leaders the figure struggle could call strikes and protests which would paralyze the country. seizing the moment of british weakness three leaders spearheaded the push for independence. you are allowed nehru mohammad ali jinnah and one hundred gandhi. at first they shared the goal of a free and united india one country one people regardless of religion. thousands of national great term to hear the message of gandhi. leader of the demands for india's independence. was mark mcgann you mobilize the masses who gave
them the language of things like civil disobedience and nonviolence who spoke of the national the struggle is a struggle for truth he gave it a strong modernistic fervor and he completely inspired the masses to rise up behind him a gandhi himself a lifelong preacher of nonviolence and gandhi when tom fairly quickly to establish himself as the spiritual leader of the indian national congress led freedom struggle. the indian national congress was a political party made up of the elite of hindu and muslim society. it had been pushing for self rule since the turn of the twentieth century. with gandhi's mobilization of the masses the party transformed into a populist movement and attracted new leaders with new ambitions men like to warlow any rule never was very attracted to my gandhi and gandhi was very impressed
with and he was gone these hand-picked provision to lead the the sort of political party the national movement gandhi himself never took any political position didn't want one and mirrored everything from leading the indian national congress as one of its youngest ever presidents to becoming eventually the first prime minister of independent india mr nestor presided over the first cabinet meeting both nehru and gandhi were hindus but the third member of the influential trio was a muslim mohammed generally one of the legion or was an extremely interesting man educated very anglo file in fact culturally far more on your file than the new the nehru of gandhi. over his dressed in western clothes had western habits in your discussion and his source agism as ham sandwiches. he wasn't particularly strongly observant muslim and
a man who was hailed. as the ambassador of hindu muslim youth. a lawyer jinnah began his political life within the hindu dominated indian national congress . later on he also joined the muslim me a group protecting the muslim minority. both parties were fighting for an independent india which at the time was gina's ultimate goal jinnah in strongly opposed to the idea of a separate muslim nation and indeed he is saying this is british divide and rule they want us to be divided we've got to stand together we've got to fight for our freedom if we don't fight for our freedom to get that we will never be free but he increasingly gets sidelined by a new younger generation of leadership among whom particularly there is there is never who is his nemesis handed now who calls for an indian republic is accused by the league of working for domination over the muslim minority but are making
everyone with britain's grip on india weakening nehru and the indian national congress grew in power nehru wanted a new india to have a strong central government run by his party this alarmed general who argued muslim majority regions should govern themselves. it was a losing battle you know realized that given the imbalance in political support between the league and the congress the only way the league was ever going to actually come to any significant power was by advocating a separatist plan. thousands of kilometers away in london records revealed deeper insights into the fallout between geno any room and this is one of the repository of which there are
a number in. at the national archives private letters jinnah sent to british officials shows a relationship beyond repair at this point is extremely suspicious of the congress and he feels as it's proper it would be prepared to seize power by force that the maven infiltrated the indian national army. and that's he regrets that's the muslim league haven't organized in the same way so we're talking a serious mistrust at this point yet i think this in the case complete breakdown in trust between between the two policies and the and the you know it's the leadership of those policies new delhi and although the scene looks quite gina and nehru had first come together to fight the british now they were fighting each other disturbances against the muslim league to reach the end of life by nine hundred forty six any hope of a united india had evaporated order with god but beneath the surface enmity between muslim and him the breakdown at the top of indian politics was mirrored on the
streets as tension spilled over into violence. chaos erupted in major cities first because of a grim audio post by british an indian probe during the worst drought in the history of calcutta. road vantec in many places higher pitched battles continued between muslims and window for muslims the fear of being ruled by hindus convinced them they needed their own separate nation. even jinnah the men once hailed as the symbol of hindu muslim unity now demanded an independent pakistan. after a sentry a british power in india the empire's was finally forced. charged with overseeing the withdrawal was a decorated while officer one who would go down in infamy. not batter.
new delhi airfield and the arrival of the viceroy designate mo batten is a sort of vaguely comic character looking back. prancing peacock who loved his roads and costumes and loved to appear as the viceroy not particularly. a man of some christmas. of great sort of personal self-worth he was received i think he you know whatever little homework he did was fairly modest and when he got to india i think it was a crash course he started meeting the various leaders had his own likes and dislikes inevitably but very quickly decided that the thing had to be the hot potato had to be dropped as quickly as possible and mr byrd his hands and those of his or those of his masters as his in the english government lauder led him on battle have taken their places on the throne and mountbatten became viceroy of india in march nine hundred forty seven britain had originally planned to leave
india more than a year later in june one thousand nine hundred eighty eight but mountbatten wasn't going to wait that long monbiot misheard to accelerate even faster partly because he found his control on the control of the british soldiers over india slipping and so here are a tribute to august fifteenth one hundred forty seven and with that headlong rush into disaster happened with the british unable and unwilling to prevent some of the horrors that were unfolding before their very eyes horrors unleashed by hastily drawn lines on a map the north west state of punjab was home to hindus sikhs but mostly muslims it was split with one side forming the bulk of pakistan in the northeast of india the state of bengal was cut into the predominantly muslim eastern half made up another part of pakistan separated by nearly two thousand kilometers of indian
territory it would eventually become the independent country of bangladesh was it well father was ill thought out. when the british had to draw a line they pulled in the civil servant who had never been to india before and was sitting in his cotswold garden when he was told that he had to fly next week to india and divide the country into. and no one was pleased with the line he drew inevitably. the stage was set for british road again in august one nine hundred forty seven as the flags of india and pakistan were raised ordinary citizens were left in the dark as to what this meant for them. on that day of partition in august that show boundary had been announce a b. with a no whether they were in india or pakistan where they could stay where they lived for centuries where they'd have to move and it's only after the people tune into
their ideas to hear whether they will now be part of pakistan or india everyone. suddenly people found themselves on the wrong side of a new border muslims in india are hindus and sikhs in pakistan. there had been ethnic fighting between muslims hindus and sikhs before the partition set off an unimaginable massacre out of the hordes on fires like the blitz the the villages are all burning hayricks are on the platforms are literally washed with blood because hello to hindus waiting on the platform to travel to india to be massacred on another platform was covered in blood because the training just arrived from india full of dead muslims. total chaos. in the
rural areas hideous scenes of pregnant women lying with their bellies ripped open the babies literally rested on the spit journalists in ninety four the seven who had covered the opening of the nazi concentration camp there were two or three journalists who had covered that and then they ended up covering partition and they said that they saw more gruesome things in the punjab punches side than they ever did in the concentration camps muggle born white the photographer writes a graphic description and she says you know i saw us for years but what i saw in the punjab was a million times. at the time the british estimated two hundred thousand died in the violence the consensus today among most historians is that the death toll was at least a million and the british had lost control long before partition and that became clearly evident and visible in ninety seven but in a way more terrible than anyone had ever expected it was
a complete and utter mess total mirth some suggest that britain was aware of the impending horrors that would come with dividing up the indian subcontinent it was a mess made worse by britain abandoning its colonies so quickly in the stockmen which is which is a telegram from the foreign office to its evidence in the national archives suggests british leaders knew months before that ethnic violence was spiralling dangerously out of control they say over it over ten thousand persons have been killed and many more injured over the last six months of the previous year had been extensive communal violence to be actually use the words civil war yes yes they mention here. widespread recrudescence a man single most an organized and spontaneous civil war. the british were pretty much aware well through the forty's that the communities were on a but they didn't want to get involved in what they regarded as the sub continent
pretty arctic descent into communal frenzy candy famously goes on hunger strike begging for peace and nary was weeping and broken but. there are no images that think about bassett in head bowed in. tears on his cheeks. history is so often told through the eyes of leaders. but in amritsar india just thirty kilometers from the border with pakistan this old building is being transformed into a new museum keeping alive the memory of those who suffered the most partition is not about the political events that led up to partition it's about the impact
on each person who went through it and what it might have felt like for them to leave behind their homes to leave behind their friends to leave behind a life that known and to move to a new land you know and to have to rebuild afresh it was less migration of people of partition of assets it was this collective migration of sorrow while you've done a lot in just a few short months mallika. is the driving force behind sars partition museum so it's really shocking because if you think about the fact that within a few years of nine eleven happening on nine eleven museum was there and they are now numerous holocaust museums as an up beautiful apartheid museum so countries around the world have work to memorialize these events that have shaped them and i think it's it's very sad that. you know this hasn't happened so far in the
subcontinent. and survivors want to tell their stories. but the system here. looks one he remembers the day violence arrived in a door step. they need the motive but it's even. made of fun to play the. mama. fiend of a sunday event there are states and i live in the me you give the. me. what they see in the me. back door. it much maybe. it could learn but they live in the love they need to see fully made a big business that. they would be in big need to be compared to one. another but if. it's stories like these the museums curator is hoping to capture
before it's too late my granddad ninety three now and we've seen over the last decade so many of his friends leave us you know and so there's a realize ation that within a few years all these stories will unfortunately last. but they are tales not just a form. they're also collective kindness where muslims sikhs and hindus protected each other. america believes a full recounting of what happened in partition would you all. and dissolve the hatred between pakistan and india that exists today. i think it's really important that we highlight the stories of humanity and we highlight the stories of you know friend helping friend neighbor helping neighbor but also a stranger helping stranger. and that those narratives shouldn't get lost because i
think a lot of people who did make it to safety made it through the help. of someone they knew. hopefully one outcome on this would be that we remember our shared humanity. the shared history. the palestine national locust was first founded in the one nine hundred thirty s. but has had to be revived in two thousand and ten all was very important thing in palestine now musicians from all over the world come together to perform in the occupied territories so good for the theme it's like every palestinian living in the us poor felt it was the first time they perform using their identity al-jazeera world hears music as a force for unity the diaspora orchestra at this time on the river nile is
a vital source of sustenance to the countries and flows through this normal thing called on who can lay claim i'm a bit late but isn't it good given the resources we found board for it but with this comes a destabilizing rivalry both countries suspicious of each other's intentions in the battle for control of the record and transparency consultation was not up to me to get hunters because of some fear of struggle over them at this time on al-jazeera. hello again adrian finnegan here in doha the headlines on al-jazeera al-jazeera has obtained a u.n. report which says the saudi led coalition bears the greatest responsibility for the deaths of yemeni children last summer it blames the coalition for the deaths of sixty eight children between july and september the document shows that there were
at least thirty coalition raids every day some targeting schools and homes but it says that the fighters also killed children. the united states is taking a tough stance against suspected chemical weapons attacks in syria the trump of ministration says that it's not ruling out the use of force to deter the syrian military the u.s. says that it's extremely concerned about a suspected chlorine attack on duma on thursday if confirmed it would be the third chemical attack in a month five migrants are in a hospital in northern france with gunshot wounds after a mass brawl in cali police were called in as afghan an eritrean refugees fought for two hours on the outskirts of the city hundreds of migrants remain near the port hoping to cross the english channel of the so-called jungle camp was demolished two years ago france's interior minister has visited the scene can see that your loss here we see that we have reached a new level of violence tonight an escalation of violence that has become
completely bearable for the people of color and for the migrants we can't allow a sense of the survival of the greatest in our country so yes we will do everything we can more than ninety migrants are feared dead after their boat capsized in the libyan city of the international organization for migration says that only three survivors have been found from the group which was trying to cross the mediterranean to italy ten bodies of so far washed up on shore survivors say that most of those on board were pakistani. tens of thousands of protesters are rallying in pakistan for a second day demanding the arrest and execution of a police officer accused of an extrajudicial killing kiba assured was shot dead during a police operation in karachi on wednesday his family denies that he was a criminal and britain and china have agreed to take the first step towards what they're calling an ambitious post brings it trade deal britain's prime minister to resign may and china china's president xi jinping say that there will be
a joint trade and investment review may has been on a three day visit to china will be back with a new sound for you and a little over twenty five minutes for the let's get you back to partition borders of blood. i. every evening here at the wall the border soldiers from india and pakistan put on a display of showmanship nationalism and hostility. seventy years ago the british drew a line on a map dividing their self asian empire into tunisia. it led to the biggest most violent migration in human history
a million people. for survivors like joginder seen call the forgiveness is the only way for over a million over about all. the little world will move will go from here go through to. get out who were going to go would we go we would all maybe of all noble. very. important or one of the other the good part one negative. or another going to look. good in the wall going to we hear only. we're not heard niggardly able to go out of the room. but politicians on both sides haven't forgiven or forgotten.
seventy years on this case the division of britain's empire continues to drive a bit of a still between india fact. and nowhere is animosity as fierce as you catch me. a picture rest territory turned around. today it's one of the most militarized regions in the world. where pakistani and indian troops face off day of. the. border and sleep about here in pakistani administered kashmir and few foreigners are allowed in. but we've been granted special permission. to keep.
this mountainous region looks peaceful but it's a highly volatile area where fighting can break out at any time. over the last seven decades up to one hundred thousand people from sars have been killed. on the deadly violence began from the moment the two nations of india and pakistan were created by. the accession of kashmir is the unfinished business of politicians. the feeling was just on that kashmir would naturally sheet to pakistan. kashmir was a muslim majority state ruled by a hindu maharajah had troubles in kashmir where india supported the project in many
ways it should have gone to pakistan because it had a muslim majority but it is hindu my raja chose for it to come to it it was a choice forced on the maharajah when weeks after partition pakistan sent in fighters already the rebel forces have left a trail of bloated and burning villages on the way the pakistanis simply sent in a large number of troops in fact many of them the so-called irregulars armed tribesmen from the north west into kashmir to seize the territory and overthrow. the. rampage and eventually that prompted the maharajah to call upon the indian government to send in the troops reinforcements continual to pardon as the indian troops consolidate. and india are promptly paratroop to the soldiers. they beat back some of the invasion but a ceasefire was called leaving pakistan in control of roughly one third of the
western side of kashmir. and leaving the rest to me. that ceasefire in one nine hundred forty eight has resulted in what is now known as the line of control today's frontline it remains the big hole in. the bone that neither dog will that. india and pakistan have far too brutal wars over kashmir and the battle rages on troops against troops. and civilians against some. to pakistan india is a ruthless occupying force in a muslim majority blame. for india pakistan and its military and. teligent serpent's the i assigned to be carrying out a campaign of terror on its territory for decades the indian army has always faced
. determined intelligence effort to. send militants across the border into kashmir to train up. many of them have been armed trained financed equipped and occasionally even offset by the pakistani military the pakistani i.s.i. has embarked upon what has been described in pakistani literature as a war of death by a thousand cuts we learned never to underestimate the enemy for general assad to ronnie the former head of pakistan intelligence using any means to defeat the enemy is justified for me any yes it can be thought of particular purpose. durani served in the military for four decades and as the intelligence chief he was responsible for pakistan's strategy against india. every yes
if you do not have enough conventional a suit because of a lot of your enemy. you do not rely on a conventional response. and among those assets mujahedeen fighters allies of pakistan who in one thousand nine hundred eighty s. had been waging war in neighboring afghanistan when the soviets pulled out of afghanistan a lot of the would have been with nothing else to do were diverted by their pakistani handlers to perform meant violence in kashmir and they principally are the ones responsible for the destruction of kashmir. armed by pakistan to battle hardened muslim fighters poured into indian administered kashmir. india hit back hard crushing the armed movement and anyone thought to be supporting it kashmir is
remained pretty neutral until the one nine hundred ninety s. when excessive violence by indian security forces which in many cases raped kashmiri women behaved in a terrible man and they were terrible torture chamber set up in kashmir with electric shocks being used on the genitals of young kashmiri kids i mean lots and lots of horrors took place and kashmir is today of a very alienated very very elated from india not all of them want to be part of pakistan either. i certainly would not suggest that indian forces have been. always shall we say of the most that followed diplomatic in the way in which they've conducted their or their operations historian shushu to rule is also an indian opposition member of parliament you can imagine the enormous pressure they're under in a conflict in which. a hostile neighboring state is funneling armed
people weapons bombs counterfeit money all sorts of resources that's very very hard to to maintain self-restraint in the face of all of that in the mean. innocent ordinary human beings are suffering at both ends the suffering terrorist violence intimidation and menace on the one hand and the inevitable repression that comes on the other side. seventy years on kashmir is no closer to peace it's been. a worsening spiral of pakistan encouraging militancy indian state cracking down the crackdown then creating more resentment some of the ones or resentful going often and and getting training and equipment coming back to the militants on the cycle keeps going.
in islamabad pakistan's capital we come to a rally condemning india's presence in kashmir. it's run by a group india and the us consider a terrorist organization. firing up the crowd is how feast of dual brenden morrow leader of. a group the un says is a front for lashkar e tayyiba responsible for deadly attacks in india something the group has always denied. is. up. as the rally breaks up we make our way back stage to try and speak with matty.
by the us has put a two million dollar price on his head. it's not surprising that that he's well guarded can you truly say you're not sending fighters weapons into kashmir or beyond into india can you truly say that. there's a home game and the big secret neighborhoods are bought out give our military here heavy equipment more not for just for example done poorly. many get back i'm done i'm into. but indian officials say mac used group is far from peaceful. they accuse them of masterminding the deadly attacks on indian soil. in two thousand and eight heavily armed gunman entered the city of mumbai
killing one hundred sixty four people and injuring more than three hundred. after initial denials pakistani officials confirmed the attackers were all from pakistan and all linked to lashkar e tayyiba. even then it took almost a decade before pakistan put a piece saif the group's leader and mackie's boss under house arrest has your group not sent fighters into india. yes a lot of people. here will. do. was frightfully. every day in school to use more me you cut it a lot of people up there. instead mackey blames hindu nationalists for carrying out a campaign of violence against most. in india over the past twenty
five years there have been major outbreaks of religious violence that have killed thousands mostly muslim. in from. ram medevac is the general secretary of the ruling party the hindu nationalist b j p he's also a former spokesman for the r.s.s. a right wing group often accused of encouraging violence against muslims nor heard from our government. from the government. and the country they're committed to maintaining the i'm going to harmony because. rights groups say since the b.j. p. came into power in twenty fourteen the attacks on muslims have served. it's a charge rejects totally false in fact that black three of
how been the war would be here when it comes. but for some the reality is starkly different. we've come to the region a main water which is predominantly muslim it's communities like these that are starting to feel the heat from the more violent elements of hindu nationalists. you know news. of the old one most in the. dairy farmers you should come on his father and some neighbors were returning home
from a cattle market with two cows they got. suddenly they were attacked by hamada vast being by. the embargo i would like very guarded local. noons of all of a sudden hum milissa lake i see that her heart of. gold. which. for hindus cows are secret recently there's been a spate of attacks by hindu vigilantes targeting those they suspect of slaughtering cattle. marty marty. or margaret got there so many. jackie yes some of their gear poncho logan. or cats cats got part of. it got better get
a car boiling away. or. managed to escape with his life he was lucky his father died from his injuries two days later devastating the family. that i. didn't call. you should not only lost his father he says he also lost his old way of life one where muslims and hindus live together in peace is god. they were not can go to him. when they cut i'm going to be in the muslim monica. are going to be very clear. but it is going to the money from others who didn't do
them nor. about it. despite the government's assurance the confound is still waiting for justice. months after your shots father dart his alleged killers are yet to face trial. increasingly hardliners in both india and pakistan are still really just and political division. in mumbai we find these prejudices alive in the younger generation. i go to some. distance.
so what did your grandmother see when you first said that you want to. get over my dead body that they're going to make the pakistani activist the car you want to change those negative attitudes. in many ways that thing that this generation is far more hardline and antagonistic and more partitioned than the generation in one thousand forty seven because even though a lot of families you know who who migrated who suffered partition went through horrific tragedies there was also co-dependence was also coexistence for the younger children today there's no court system in pakistan you don't come across an indian let alone in the world. according to a it's a situation made worse by governments censoring the story of what happened in nine hundred forty seven the state has emphasized and reinforce certain partition arthurs over other partition so much of the invading in textbooks or in the media
narrative that that also state sanction is a lot of into going islam and hostility and only narratives of bloodshed and i have expenses of my own grandmother you know for twenty five years of my life only spoke of the last or did you have a hindu or a sick friend and all this story started come out and she said you know you know a sick family help save my sister partition so no i didn't know you know these stories have escaped generations. the absence of these stories from official history has come at great cost to young child who is hearing that you know hindus are responsible for genocide and hindus must never be trusted and must never be friends with how do you expect their child to think anything else these are children that are going to school and i'm memorizing hatred. oh my god we've all become so tall and now i'm is now working with young people in both pakistan and india to help build bridges between the two countries. she invites us
to an online chat between students in karate pakistan and mumbai india. it's i think we have some questions for you what is. this is the first time some of these teenagers have ever spoken to someone across the border mongolian gang is there anybody in this flooded street food so you've just made you can find whatever you want any of it so what i'm trying to do now through our work is get them to talk to each other and get them to access these alternative history is that whether through skype exchanges over those two through talking to my own students you know and working through the sewer to have some challenges. but we haven't heard good things about just on.
the anybody is going on since for that but to be honest it's the same on this oh we're not. good things about india. these casual chats may not seem like much but they have a big effect meeting people and you live in that there too are people just like us has been. really important in it shaping my view of what india is they're just as into our culture and they're just going to our musicians our movie that we are into this. now i know how just like i was and there's no point. here it was made in a spot but to go to everyone cordell and we were to go order for. i am i think it's very important to let them express that hatred you know because i don't they we can move on from partition because partition isn't a static of and because the continents to shape us it when continent empath us. a
nominee these students are trying their best to reach across the divide yes. but seventy years of hostility are difficult to overcome. the violent birth of these two nations is a legacy seared into their collective memory. and as long as their teacher it burns on. reconciliation remains a distant dream. nice
pink skies by the taj mahal. or is the sunsets in the city of angels. we've had more very heavy rain just around the border between bolivia and argentina northern argentina big areas of clouds swelling away because this is the bolivian. pressure which often fall brings. pressure in and therefore we do get the error allowed to rise cool condense and form some rather less high lively downpours this is been the case recently in the past thirty degrees celsius the showers never really to far away from this region as we go through the next few days showers continue to across a good part of the amazon basin further south it's generally looking for i want to say was around twenty seven celsius but to push up towards the northwest of austin the back into believing i'm afraid the right and the big showers the big downpours
all set to continue least for the next few days but downpours in places i have crossed the caribbean it's lossie fine and dry some lovely sunshine coming through for the most part a little more cloud just drifting towards a western parts of the cabin so there's always a chance of what it says showers into panama nicorette to a costa rica a little further north as well up towards guatemala but for the greater antilles it looks fine and dry should be fine and lots of course a less around to this time just in case and it's thirty degrees celsius have a touch cooler at twenty five. there with sponsored by cattle and nice. never get this risk. but nothing can stop them in their tracks chasing the american dream escaping poverty. is their only option and their hope for a better life. in trouble braving tough conditions generally.
put their lives in danger just to make. this time one zero zero. february on al-jazeera south korea has the twenty eighteen winter olympics can records be broken down to zero by. the latest from pyongyang china the big picture examines the present day crisis in venezuela by exploring the divisions rooted in its past senior officials will meet to discuss the biggest security challenges facing. will be nine from the munich security conference partition borders of blood looks at the troubled legacy of the events that shaped the indian subcontinent and in a series of special reports we look at new trade and travel rates which i pulling up the old february on al-jazeera. it was oil upon which modern day venezuela was a stop list. for over a century this lucrative resorts has divided the people both less than cursed with