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tv   Partition Borders Of Blood  Al Jazeera  February 7, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03

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a young so molly refugee. thrilled to gain u.s. residency in twenty sixteen. i was told i was lucky to get to i was really really high. but with anti immigrant sentiment under the trump presidency al-jazeera well to ask sally was when his american dream is still alive . in america at this time on al-jazeera. you all just their homes the whole roman into hell these are all top news stories the syrian government backed by its key ally russia has been pounding rebel held areas in syria rescue workers are scrambling to keep up with the onslaught in the damascus suburb of eastern at least one hundred thirty eight people have been killed in the past forty eight hours but it smith reports are obviously supposed to
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be a deescalation part of the russian life true story of the territory held by anti-government forces and syria. but if anything the bombing is escalating here in eastern guta in a mask. the un's head of the international commission of inquiry on syria says the government siege of the area involves the international crimes of indiscriminate bombing and deliberate starvation of the civilian population. there are reports that at least three hospitals have been hit with the help of the russian air force on the iranian backed groups syria's president is pursuing the last major pockets of territory held by his opponents in western syria. the offensive intensified after fighters from one rebel group shot down a russian aircraft on saturday. now the syrian army says it's deployed add offenses
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and anti aircraft missiles to its front lines in aleppo and it led to cover northern airspace i had there from the us four hundred a russian and they are controlled by the russian intelligence not the syrian regime so this is russia we need to understand there is an direct confrontation between the u.s. and russia that it's dangerous because at the same time turkey is trying to force its presence in the area northwestern syria is where turkey is carrying out an operation to push kurdish forces out of afrin it's using syrian airspace and has got russia's agreement to do so but at the same time the syrian government has threatened to shoot down turkish jets turkey also wants to wipe e.g. out of another northern syrian town damage but there are u.s. forces there too much to the irritation of the turkish president begin your producer now that you can why are you there go ahead and leave who did you bring there the y.p. g e p k k you took them there and you're still telling us not to come too many we
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would come to malaysia could deliver the land to its true owners. as ever across syria it's civilians who are caught in the middle the un wants fighting across the country to flee suspended for a month to allow the sick and wounded to get out and aid to get in. al-jazeera. a magnitude six point four earthquake has hit east in taiwan killing at least two people and injuring more than two hundred others on the island the quake has brought down a hotel and several other buildings were also severely damaged the lawyers for the kenyan opposition politician and goodman guna have told al-jazeera that he's been deported to canada after being charged with treason he was arrested after taking part in a mock swearing in ceremony for the opposition leader. the gouda seen here on the left was next to last week when he declared himself the people's president rejecting you who can unite us reelection now the us secretary of state rex
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tillerson has that colombian president appointed manuel santos in bogota the country's peace efforts with rebel groups was one of the topics discussed as was the crisis in neighboring venezuela we had a very extensive exchange on how we can work together along with others in the region through the lima group all to move through the oas to restore democracy in venezuela and there is this is our only objective is to save it as well to return to its constitution return to duly elected assembly and to hold free and fair elections and give it as well and people the right for their voices to be heard in elections. shares on wall street have been seesawing rapidly between positive and negative territory after some losses on monday which caused fulls in markets around the world the dow jones industrial average open two percent down to seven days for one half percent but stocks that are stabilized those were the headlines here on
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al-jazeera be back with more news in thirty minutes next is partition borders of blood.
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august donna claimed the front photo of british pop as mr jinnah governor general of the new dominion arrives at the constituent assembly in karachi. august one nine hundred forty seven. a century of british rule over its indian empire comes to an end guest of honor in the muslim capital while older laid him out of bed carrying out one of our love by his regal guilt is all the population of india look at that. the new nation of pakistan is cool. even mildly stage will set all british role to give place to the fuel dominion of india. a day later across a newly drawn border leaders celebrate the birth of the republic of india. freed from colonial rule the creation of these two countries completes a long struggle for independence and here is the gore we believe that we did
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anyway. and now the time can then been shown to be mild. but even before the celebrations are over chaos iraq's. panic and fear sets in as neighborhood turns on neighbor unleashing mass violence. millions leave their homes. the celebrations were or was marred by the blood they took place against the backdrop of perfect violence. and. people who a year before we tended to each other's wedding parties in each other raping each other's daughters roasting each others' babies on spit. with human passions are unleashed. none of us can can foresee what could happen. while historians recount the horrors of the past for those who lived through them it's
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like yesterday. we're going to lord a move or have been lucky though when the yardbirds or problem of their will to monitor. the eighty six year old joginder singh kohli was a young teenager in india at the time. seventy years on he still remembers how muslims hindus and sikhs turn on each other. or when they were you know one who would go if you hear oh they rated movie. with the word in the out. again that of the moon. or when the world was he would want to go to. the locus of. the world would you they walk all over or. where you. were for drug or.
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who or what do. we want. or who are here to learn who will go in the. ground who are. on the other side of the border in pakistan the memories are just as strong in one nine hundred forty seven saladin colleagues family were muslims in india he's never forgotten how he escaped the killing but others didn't. we were staying in our. house on six september one thousand nine hundred eighty seven six o'clock when my mother was saying to us prayer i heard a shriek cowing somebody. i turned and i saw a stick with a sword in the hand coming in my sister's wedding and. was the enter the.
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room of my mother killed her and they ran toward us this is the house saladin fled his home in fear of his life when he returned the horror lay in front of him when i enter the house it was just making the euro the. holes nothing sort of holes. then you see your own mother. drenched in blood. and stomach open then started coming up how would. how did it all come to this. many point the finger at india's then colonial masters. when britain ruled india it was the giulini empires crown
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plundered for its natural resources. but in the devastating aftermath of world war two britain had its own problems on the homefront. was returned to london with renewed interest in the community and the country and bankrupted itself fighting itself to death of the nazis. and so british authorities say that it was the exhaustion of them power and the bankruptcy of the mother country that led to the realization that the simply no way the british could keep this enormous empire in chains the moment to come to head back home to a land of rationing drugs or low light and leave the exotic plagues of india behind . after decades of crushing any movement towards indian independence post-war britain had not had the wheel or the might to fold on to its common. there was massive demonstrations across india
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and there was. an awareness that the leaders the finns struggle could call strikes and protests which would paralyze the country. seizing the moment of british weakness three leaders spearheaded the push for independence. you are allowed nehru mohammad ali jinnah and one hundred k. gandhi. at first they shared the goal of a free and united india one country one people regardless of religion. thousands of national proud the great turn to hear the message of gandhi. leader of the demands for india's independence. was mark mcgann you mobilize the masses who gave them the language of things like civil disobedience and nonviolence who spoke
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of the nationalist struggle is a struggle for truth he gave it a strong modernistic fervor and he completely inspired the masses to rise up behind him for gandhi himself a lifelong preacher of nonviolence and gandhi when tom fairly quickly to establish himself as the spiritual leader of the indian national congress led freedom struggle. the indian national congress was a political party made up of the elite of hindu and muslim society. it had been pushing for self rule since the turn of the twentieth century. with gandhi's mobilization of the masses the party transformed into a populist movement and attracted new leaders with new ambitions men like to warlow ne root never was very attracted to my gandhi and gandhi was very impressed with and he was gone these hand-picked provision to lead the the sort of political
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party the national movement gandhi himself never took any political position didn't want one and nearly everything from leading the indian national congress as one of its youngest ever presidents to becoming eventually the first prime minister of independent india and mr nader presided over the first cabinet meeting both nehru and gandhi were hindus but the third member of the influential trio was a muslim mohammed ali jinnah one of the legion or was an extremely interesting man educated very anglo file in fact culturally far more on your file than the new the nehru of gandhi. over his dressed in western clothes had western habits and enjoyed his caution and his source agism as ham sandwiches. he wasn't particularly strongly observant muslim and a man who was hailed. as the ambassador of hindu muslim unity. a lawyer jinnah began his political life within the hindu dominated indian national congress
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. later on he also joined the muslim me a group protecting the muslim minority. both parties were fighting for an independent india which at the time was gina's ultimate goal jinnah in strongly opposed to the idea of a separate muslim nation and indeed he is saying this is british divide and rule they want us to be divided we've got to stand together we've got to fight for our freedom if we don't fight for i've read together we will never be free but he increasingly gets sidelined by a new younger generation of leadership among whom particularly there is there is never who is his nemesis handed now who calls for an indian republic is accused by the league of working for domination over the muslim minority but are making everyone with britain's grip on india weakening nehru and the indian national congress grew in power nehru wanted the new india to have
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a strong central government run by his party. this alarmed general who argued muslim majority regions should govern themselves it was a losing battle winner realized that given the imbalance in political support between the league and the congress that the only way the league was ever going to actually come to any significant power was by advocating a separatist plan. thousands of kilometers away in london records revealed deeper insights into the fallout between juno and nehru and this is one of the repositories of which the number in. at the national archives private letters jinnah sent to british officials shows a relationship beyond repair at this point is extremely suspicious of the congress
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and he feels as its purpose it would be prepared to seize power by force that the may have been infiltrated the indian national army. and that he regrets that's the muslim league haven't organized in the same way so we're talking a serious mistrust of this yet i think this in the case complete breakdown in trust between between the two policies and the and the you know it's the leadership of those policies new delhi and although the scene looks quite gina and nehru had first come together to fight the british now they were fighting each other the servant is against the muslim league to reach the danger of life by nine hundred forty six any hope of a united india had evaporated autoworker god but beneath the surface enmity between muslim and him the breakdown at the top of indian politics was mirrored on the streets as tension spilled over into violence. chaos erupted in major cities
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first pictures of a grim audio post by british an indian probe during the worst riots in the history of calcutta. road vantec in many places higher pitched battles continued between muslims and windows for muslims the fear of being ruled by hindus convinced them they needed their own separate nation. even jr the man once hailed as the symbol of hindu muslim unity now demanded an independent pakistan. after a sentry a british power in india the empire's hand was finally forced. charged with overseeing the withdrawal was a decorated while officer one who would go down in infamy louis malle batter. new delhi airfield and the arrival of the viceroy designate mo batten is a sort of vaguely comic character looking back. prancing peacock who loved his
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robes and costumes and love to appear as the viceroy not particulate matter. a man of some chrisma a man of great sort of personal self-worth he was received i think he you know whatever little homework he did was fairly modest and when he got to india i think it was a crash course he started meeting the various leaders had his own likes and dislikes inevitably but very quickly decided that the thing had to be this hot potato had to be dropped as quickly as possible and mr byrd his hands and those of his those of his masters as his the english government lauder lady mountbatten have taken their places on the throne because mountbatten became viceroy of india in march nine hundred forty seven britain had originally planned to leave india more than a year later in june one thousand nine hundred eighty eight but mountbatten wasn't going to wait that long mountbatten decided to accelerate even faster partly
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because he found his control on the control of the british soldiers over india slipping and so here celebrated to august fifteenth one hundred forty seven and with that headlong rush into disaster happened with the british unable and unwilling to prevent some of the horrors that were unfolding before their very eyes horrors unleashed by hastily drawn lines on a map the northwest state of punjab was home to hindus sikhs but mostly muslims it was split with one side forming the bulk of pakistan in the northeast of india the state of bengal was cut into the predominantly muslim eastern half made up another part of pakistan. separated by newly two thousand kilometers of indian territory it would eventually become the independent country of bangladesh wasn't well thought out was ill thought out. when the british had to draw
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a line they pulled in the civil servant who had never been to india before and was sitting in his cots well garden when he was told that he had fly next week to india and divide the country into. and no one was pleased with the line he drew inevitably. british in august one nine hundred forty seven as the flags of india and pakistan were raised ordinary citizens were left in the dark as to what this meant for them. on that day. in august that show boundary had been unsuccessful to know whether they were in india or pakistan where they could stay where they lived for centuries where they'd have to move and it's only after the people tune into their ideas to hear whether they will now be part of pakistan or india everyone.
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suddenly people found themselves on the wrong side of a new border muslims in india are hindus and sikhs in pakistan. there had been ethnic fighting between muslims hindus and sikhs before the partition set off an unimaginable massacre out of the horrors of fires like the blitz the the villages are all burning hayricks are on the platforms to literally wash with blood because hello to hindus waiting on the platform to travel to india to be massacred on another platform was covered in blood because the training just arrived from india full of dead muslims. total chaos. in the rural areas hideous scenes of pregnant women lying with their bellies ripped open babies
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literally rested on the beds and journalists in ninety four the seven who had covered the opening of the nazi concentration camp there were two or three journalists who had covered that and then ended up covering partition and they said that they saw more gruesome things in the punjab punches side than they ever did in the concentration camps muggle born white the photographer writes a graphic description and she says you know i saw usher's but what i saw in the punjab was a million times. at the time the british estimated two hundred thousand died in the violence the consensus today among most historians is that the death toll was at least a million and the british had lost control long before partition and that became clearly evident and visible in nine hundred forty seven but in a way more terrible than anyone had ever expected. it was a complete and utter mess total mirth some suggest that britain was aware of the
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impending horrors that would come with dividing up the indian subcontinent it was a mess made worse by britain abandoning its colonies so quickly in the stockmen which is which is a telegram from the foreign office to its evidence in the national archives suggests british leaders knew months before that ethnic violence was spiraling dangerously out of control they say ever over ten thousand persons have been killed and many more injured over the last six months of the previous year had been extensive communal violence to be actually use the words civil war yes yes they mention here. widespread recrudescence a man single most an organized and spontaneous civil war. the british were pretty much aware well through the forty's that the communities were on a but they didn't want to get involved in what they regarded as the subcontinent periodic descent into communal frenzy gandhi famously goes on hunger strike begging for peace and mary was weeping and broken but. there are no images i think about
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basset in head bowed in. tears on his cheeks. history is so often told through the eyes of leaders. but it can restore india just thirty kilometers from the border with pakistan this old building is being transformed into a new museum keeping alive the memory of those who suffered the most partition is not about the political events that led up to partition it's about the impact on each person who went through it and what it might have felt like for them to leave behind their homes to leave behind their friends to leave behind
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a life that known and to move to a new land you know and to have to rebuild afresh it was less migration of people or partition of assets it was this collective migration of sorrow while you've done a lot in just a few short months. here is the driving force behind sars partition museum so it's really shocking because if you think about the fact that within a few years of nine eleven happening on nine eleven museum was there and they are now numerous holocaust museums as an up beautiful apartheid museum so countries around the world have work to memorialize these events that have shaped them and i think it's it's very sad that. you know this hasn't happened so far in the subcontinent. and survivors want to tell their stories.
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but the system here. looks when he remembers the day violence arrives in your doorstep. just. you. they need the treadmill but it's even. made a fun little. mama. but one defeat the states and i live the. legacy to live in. what they see in the me. back door. it much just maybe. it could learn but they live within the love they need to see plainly made a big business that no need to. even be compared to one. another but. it's stories like these the museums curator is hoping to capture before it's too late my granddad ninety three now and we've seen over the last
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decade so many of his friends leave us you know and so there's a realize ation that within a few years all these stories will unfortunately last. but they are tales not just a form. they're also collective kindness where muslims sikhs and hindus protected each other. mallika believes a full recounting of what happened in partition could you all. and dissolving hatred between pakistan and india that exists today. i think it's really important that we highlight the stories of humanity and we highlight the stories of you know friend helping friend neighbor helping neighbor but also a stranger helping stranger. and that those narratives shouldn't get lost because i think a lot of people who did make it to safety made it through the help. of someone they
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knew. hopefully one outcome on this would be that we remember our shared. humanity. the shared history. the scene for us whether online what is a very new site in yemen that peace is always possible but it never happens not because the situation is complicated but because no one cares or if you join us on set there are people that there are choosing between buying medication and eating this is a dialogue i want to get in one more comment because this is someone who's an activist has posted a story join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera. gets good news i'm scared. for what is right on the shores of paradise
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progress for some can create a living hell for others challenging his government and big business one man risks his life to save the community he cherishes the news not to be that someone can do news then. that's what. the opposition a witness documentary at this time on al-jazeera. oh you watching al-jazeera arms the whole romney and these are all top news story syria's rebel held region of eastern guta has enjoyed its deadliest day in more than a month russian and syrian government air raids killed at least seventy one people choose day an estimated one hundred thirty eight people and being killed in eastern good and province in the last forty eight hours also
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a magnitude six point four earthquake has hit eastern taiwan killing at least two people and injuring more than two hundred others on the island the quake has brought down a hotel and several other buildings were severely damaged lawyers for the kenyan opposition politician good to have told al-jazeera that he's been deported to canada after being charged with treason he was arrested after taking part in a mock swearing in ceremony for opposition leader raila odinga seen here on the left was next to it in the last week when he declared himself the people's president rejecting hudak and yet as reelection the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson has met the colombian president juan manuel santos in bogota the country's peace efforts with rebel groups as one of the topics discussed as was the crisis in neighboring venezuela. we had a very extensive exchange on how we can work together along with others in the region through the lima group optimally through the oas to restore democracy in
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venezuela and there is this is our only objective is to save it as well to return to its constitution return its duly elected assembly and to hold free and fair elections and give it as well and people the right for their voices to be heard in elections shares a wall street have been seesawing rapidly between positive and negative territory after sharp losses on monday which calls fulls and markets around the world the dow jones industrial average open two percent down to add to monday's full of four and a half percent but stocks that stabilized. a british court has turned down a request by the wiki leaks founder julian assange is to have his arrest warrant canceled lawyers for stone shoes in the ecuadorian embassy in london say they'll continue to fight in the cold sand to seek assurances that he will not be sent to the u.s. originally went to the embassy to avoid being extradited those were the headlines
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i'll be back with the al-jazeera news in thirty minutes we continue with partition borders of blood. i. every evening here at the wall the border soldiers from india and pakistan put on a display of showmanship nationalism and hostility. seventy years ago the british drew a line on a map dividing their self asian empire into tunisia. it led to the biggest most violent migration in human history a million people. for
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survivors like joginder seen call the forgiveness is the only way for over a million out all. the little boys will all go from here go through to. get out. with regard to go would we go we would all maybe vulnerable. parts of iraq one of the other the good part one negative. or another going to look. good in the wall going to we here only. we're not her new gig only able to go out of the. but politicians on both sides haven't forgiven or forgotten. seventy years on the face the division of britain's empire continues to drive
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a bitter a still between india tax. and nowhere is animosity as fierce as the kashmir. a picture rest territory turned around. today it's one of the most militarized regions in the world. where pakistani and indian troops face off day of. the. border and sleep about here in pakistani administered kashmir and a few foreigners are allowed in. but we've been granted special permission. to keep. this mountainous region looks peaceful but it's
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a highly volatile area where fighting can break out at any time. over the last seven decades up to one hundred thousand people from saudi have been killed. in. the deadly violence began from the moment the two nations of india and pakistan were created by. the accession of kashmir is the unfinished business of politicians. the feeling was part of pakistan that kashmir would naturally sheet to pakistan. kashmir was a muslim majority state ruled by a hindu maharajah had troubles in kashmir where india supported the project in many ways it should have gone to pakistan because it had a muslim majority but it's hindu my raja chose for it to come to it it was
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a choice forced on the maharajah when weeks after partition pakistan sent in fighters already the rebel forces have left a trail of bloated and burning villages and await the pakistan army simply sent in a large number of troops in fact many of them the so-called irregulars armed tribesmen from the north west into kashmir to seize the territory and overthrow the . rampage and eventually that prompted the maharajah to call upon the indian government to send in the troops reinforcements continual to pour in as the indian troops consolidate. and india are promptly paratroop to soldiers. they beat back some of the invasion but a ceasefire was called leaving pakistan in control of roughly one third of the western side of kashmir. and leaving the rest to me and. that
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ceasefire in one nine hundred forty eight has resulted in what is now known as the line of control today's frontline. it remains. to. the bone that neither dog will that. india and pakistan have fought to brutal wars over kashmir and the battle rages on troops against troops and civilians again sold. to pakistan india is a ruthless occupying force in a muslim majority blame. for india pakistan and its military intelligence service the i.s.i. are have been carrying out a campaign of terror on its territory for decades the indian army has always faced . determined intelligence effort to. send
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militants across the border into kashmir to train up. many of them have been armed trained financed equipped and occasionally even offset by the pakistani military the pakistani i.s.i. has embarked upon what has been described in pakistani literature as a war of death by a thousand cuts we learned never to underestimate the enemy for general assad to ronnie the former head of pakistan intelligence using any means to defeat the enemy is justified for me any yes they can be used for a particular purpose. durani served in the military for four decades and as the intelligence chief he was responsible for pakistan's strategy against india. every yes. if you do not have enough
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conventional a suit because of a lot of your enemy. you do not rely on a conventional response. and among those assets mujahideen fighters allies of pakistan who in one thousand nine hundred eighty s. had been waging war in neighboring afghanistan when the soviets pulled out of a gun stand a lot of the would have been were nothing else to do were diverted by their pakistani handlers to for meant violence in kashmir and the principally other ones responsible for the destruction of kashmir. armed by pakistan the battle hardened muslim fighters poured into indian administered kashmir. india hit back hard crushing the armed movement and anyone thought to be supporting it kashmir is remained pretty neutral until the one nine hundred ninety s. when excessive violence by indian security forces which in many cases raped
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kashmiri women behaved in a terrible man and they were terrible torture chambers set up in kashmir with electric shocks being used on the genitals of young kashmiri kids i mean lots and lots of horrors took place and kashmir is today of a very alienated very very elated from india not all of them want to be part of pakistan either. i certainly would not suggest that indian forces have been. already is shall we say of the most that followed diplomatic in the way in which they've conducted their or their operations historian shushu to rule is also an indian opposition member of parliament you can imagine the enormous pressure they're under in a conflict in which. a hostile neighboring state is funneling armed people weapons bombs counterfeit money all sorts of resources that's very very hard
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to to maintain self-restraint in the face of all of that in the mean. innocent ordinary human beings are suffering at both ends the suffering terrorist violence intimidation and menace on the one hand and the inevitable repression that comes on the other side. seventy years on kashmir is no closer to peace it's been. a worsening spiral of pakistan encouraging militancy indian state cracking down the crackdown then creating more resentment some of the ones or resentful going often and and getting training and equipment coming back to the militants in the cycle keeps going.
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in islam a bar pakistan's capital we come to a rally condemning india's presence in kashmir. it's run by a group india and the us consider a terrorist organization. firing off the crowd is how feast of dual run then mark leader of. a group the un says is a front for lashkar e tayyiba responsible for deadly attacks in india something the group has always denied. is. up. as the rally breaks up we make our way back stay there to try and speak with ninety . five
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the u.s. has put a two million dollar price on his head. it's not surprising that that he's well guarded can you truly say you're not sending fighters weapons into kashmir or beyond into india can you truly say that. metal as a home game and the big secret needn't bother to give our military here heavy equipment nor not for just for example down the borneo. many get back i'm done i'm into. but indian officials say mack used group is far from peaceful. they accuse them of masterminding the deadly attacks on indian soil. in two thousand and eight heavily armed gunman entered the city of mumbai killing one hundred sixty four people and injuring more than three hundred. after
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initial denials pakistani officials confirmed the attackers were all from pakistan and all linked to lashkar e tayyiba. even then it took almost a decade before pakistan put a piece saif the group's leader and mackie's boss under house arrest has your group not sent fighters into india. yes a lot of people. here will. do. was frightfully. every day in school to use more me you cut the top people at the head. instead mackey blames hindu nationalists for carrying out a campaign of violence against most. in india over the past twenty five years there have been major al breaks of religious violence that have killed
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thousands mostly muslim. interested. in from. ram medevac is the general secretary of the ruling party the hindu nationalist b j p he's also a former spokesman for the r.s.s. a right wing group often accused of encouraging violence against muslims nor heard from our government. from the government to promote any government on the contrary they are committed to maintaining the uncommon and harmony in the country. rights groups say since the bee j.p. came into power in twenty fourteen the attacks on muslims have served. it's a charge rejects totally impact the black three of how been the war to be would be here when it comes to that
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a community in india. but for some the reality is starkly different. we've come to the region the main water which is predominantly muslim it's communities like these that are starting to feel the heat from the more violent elements of hindu nationalists. you know news. of the old clinics and the. dairy farmers you shut car his father and some neighbors were returning home from a cattle market with two cows they got. suddenly they were attacked by hamada
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vast being by. the embargo i would like very guarded local. of all of a sudden hum milissa look i see that her heart of. gold. for hindus cows are secret recently there's been a spate of attacks by hindu vigilantes targeting those they suspect of slaughtering cattle. marty marty. or margaret got there so many. jackie yes some of the dickie having a poncho logan. or catch catch got a part of. it got better get a car boiling away. managed to
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escape with his life he was lucky his father died from his injuries two days later devastating the family. would. get up. and he. was going to look at a couple he. didn't call. you should not only lost his father he says he also lost his old way of life one where muslims and hindus live together in peace he's got. it when i can go talk to him come out for the incubi i'm going to be in the muslim monica. are going to be very clear. but it is going to do the much for mother who didn't do them nor.
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despite the government's assurance that confound me is still waiting for justice. months after your shots father dark his alleged killers are yet to face trial. increasingly hardliners in both india and pakistan are still being really just and political division. in mumbai we find these prejudices alive in the younger generation. and. i go to some. distance.
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across the border in islamabad we find more kids passion for the same sport and harbor the same future. oh. what if. they are all going to listen to monitor. to be. going to. go on. so what did your grandmother see when you first said that you want to. get over my
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dead body but the only. pakistani activist zakaria wants to change those negative attitudes. in many ways i think that this generation is far more hardline antagonistic and more partisan than the generation in one thousand forty because even though a lot of families you know who who migrated who suffered partition went through horrific tragedies there was also co-dependence was also coexistence for the younger children today there's no court system in pakistan you don't come across an indian let alone in the world. according to a it's a situation made worse by governments censoring the story of what happened in nine hundred forty seven the state has emphasized and reinforce certain partition artist over other partition so much of the invading in textbooks or in the media narrative that that also state sanction is a lot of into going ism and hostility and only narratives of bloodshed and i have
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expenses of my own grandmother who you know for twenty five years of my life only spoke of the bloodshed the last or did you have a hindu or a sick friend and all this story started come out and she said you know you know a sick family helped save my sister partition so no i didn't know you know these stories have escaped generations. the absence of these stories from official history has come at great cost to the young child who is hearing that you know hindus are responsible for genocide and hindus must never be trusted and must never be made friends with how to expect their child to think anything else these are children that are going to school and i'm memorizing hatred. oh my god we've all become so tall and now i'm is now working with young people in both pakistan and india to help build bridges between the two countries. she invites us to an online chat between students
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a karate pakistan and mumbai india. i think we have some questions for you what if. this is the first time some of these teenagers have ever spoken to someone across the border mongolian gang is there anybody in this flooded street food so you. think you can find whatever you want any of it so what i'm trying to do now through our work is get them to talk to each other and get them to access these alternative history is that where the exchange is over those two through talking to me. you know and working through the sewer to have some challenges. but we haven't heard good things about. the anybody is going on since first of all it to be honest it's the same on this oh we're not.
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good things about india. these casual chats may not seem like much but they have a big effect meeting people and you live in that too are people just like us has been. really important in it shaping my view of what india is they're just as into our culture and they're just as into our musicians our movie that we are into this. now i know how just like i was and there's no point. here that it was made in a spot but to go to everyone who are a lot of time. i think it's very important to let them express that hatred you know because i don't they we can move on from partition because partition isn't a static of and because it continues to shape us it will continue to empath us. a nominee these students are trying their best to reach across the divide yes. but
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seventy years of hostility are difficult to overcome. the violent birth of these two nations is a legacy seared into their collective memory. and as long as the tree burns of. reconciliation remains a distant dream. hello
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there we've got more rain and snow galloping its way across north america at the moment has that system here gradually working its way eastwards and behind it it's cold for many of us in the northern parts of the south it is mild we're looking at a top temperature in atlanta there seventeen degrees on wednesday and that's despite the rain and you see how heavy some of that what weather is going to be turns to snow eventually as you make your way up towards the northeastern part of the u.s. and eastern parts of canada the whole system most are fairly quickly it's largely gone by the time we get to thursday lunchtime but it's still dragging its feet towards the southeastern parts here mostly cloud rather than anything particularly heavy rain wise though it wasn't off west of one another weather system working its way in here so lots of snow is expected for the southwestern parts of canada that's edging its way eastwards now for the central america's largely fine and settled for many of us here but we do have a few showers here and there want to around the uk
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a temperature and there's a stretching down towards costa rica and i think we'll see a few more showers here as we head through thursday on thursday there were also going to see more wet weather beginning to gather over parts of mexico so particularly in the eastern parts as we head down towards south america the rains hey continue the heaviest at the moment around the eastern parts of brazil more still to come. the read so that i could read every man's. tax returns to activism with a new mission. like. build software for. digital dissidents within the technological. race to get security patients in their fields on the captain this part of the record. this time on al-jazeera.
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winning these breaks when people need to be heard. and the story needs to be told asia's largest catholic country is witnessing a dramatic rise in teenage pregnancy al-jazeera has teams on the ground to bring the mood winning documentaries. and live news on air and. it was upon which modern day venezuela was a stop list. for over a century this lucrative resource has divided the people both less than cursed with the world's largest reserves charting the impact of industrialization and the legacies of its prominent leaders we shed light on the troubles afflicting venezuela today the big picture the battle for venezuela at this time on al jazeera . in twenty twelve al-jazeera traveled to iraq people here are definitely scared to
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speak on camera saying that if they talk to us they think they'll be arrested down the line to take the pulse of a country ravaged under us occupation some of these graves are completely destroyed it's one of the most holy and sacred sites in all of iraq could turn into a battleground between the mighty army and the americans six years on rewind returns to iraq after the americans at this time on all g.c. . this is al jazeera. this is the al-jazeera and use our life my headquarters here in doha coming up in the next sixty minutes.


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