tv Dirty Little Secrets Al Jazeera March 4, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03
to be displaced by their governments in one nine hundred twenty three. it was very greek and turkish villagers returned to their roots only a century later. and reconnect with the past they thought they'd lost forever. people shouldn't be forced to move from the land that were born which are. the great population exchange at this time on al-jazeera. and their marco island there are these are the top stories on al-jazeera syrian government forces continue to bombard the rebel held enclave of east and near
damascus. pictures published by syria's state news agency appear to show night operations by government fighters activists say government forces have taken almost complete control of the town of fallujah in the last two weeks more than six hundred people have been killed so hard i reports from beirut in neighboring lebanon. through or is desperate to use just one of about four hundred thousand people trapped in eastern huta which is under attack he is very ill and poor living in a besieged enclave means medicine and food are hard to find. the roads here and i am crying my children are cried because i am unable to buy anything for them my situation is very bad we have no money. and for the past two weeks this is what the people have been facing. the. airstrikes artillery shelling more
than six hundred civilians have already been killed syrian aircraft are dropping leaflets over the besieged rebel held eastern huta some provide information and what they call safe exit out of the enclave others urge rebels to lay down their arms promising amnesty if they turn themselves in the pro-government alliance has been calling on civilians to leave and blame rebels for using them as human shields . for many especially those involved in opposition activities crossing into government territory is not an option there are no security guarantees and people don't want to leave their homes. one of the older you russia is a terrorist state and it has carried out the massacres against the people of eastern the humanitarian corridor they talk about is aimed at displacing the people and changing that demography of this region. there are voices of defiance from inside the war zone but the suffering is immense it's not clear how long they will
be able to ensure the syrian national coalition the main opposition body in exile is calling on the united states to enforce a cease fire that was recently adopted by the u.n. security council it also wants washington to stop what it calls russia's monopoly of decision making in syria the us president donald trump discussed syria with germany's chancellor angela merkel and france's president and manuel mccraw they all called on russia to stop bombing eastern and to force the syrian government to stop offensive operations against civilian areas. destroying civilian infrastructure and making the lives of civilians unbearable our military strategy it has worked in the past it's now being applied in eastern huta . beirut. at least seventy nine people have been killed in the latest violence in the democratic republic of congo dozens of people were killed in the village of day
on friday more attacks were forces in three nearby villages on saturday. signs health ministries as a farmer has been shot dead by israeli troops near the gaza border he died whilst working on his land close to the border fence on saturday israeli military says the man was approaching a restricted area warning shots of first fired here's president stepped up his rhetoric in a growing global trade fight with a threat to increase taxes on european cars it comes off the european union warned it would impose tit for tat tariffs on american products if trump went through with a plan to put a twenty five percent duty on still imports canned have also made mattel or eatery threats the u.s. envoy is on a three day visit to bangladesh to assess the hendra crisis basic uscis who works on the white house national security council has arrived at a particularly tense time there are new accusations that man months army is bullying and intimidating will injure
a few g's near its border with bangladesh and vote counting is under way in germany social democrat party members will decide if they will enter a new coalition with chancellor angela merkel if they approve it the new coalition would take office in about four months time. those are your headlines i'll be back with another news update here on al-jazeera after rewind.
hello and welcome to rewind i'm richelle carey since we launched al-jazeera english back in two thousand and six our library of award winning documentaries has been growing year by year so here on rewind we decided to revisit some of the most important of those stories once again today we're rewinding to two thousand and ten and north korea for the past several months or korea's deteriorating relations with the u.s. and the administration and donald trump in particular have threatened to plunge the world into the darkness of a nuclear war earth korea's increasing military buildup and testing of missiles now presents an apparent threat to japan and beyond across the pacific as far as the united states president trumps belligerent response it even included the threat of overwhelming military action john yang's rhetoric is equally bellicose and though the regime claims that it needs a nuclear strike capability to deter the threat of u.s. aggression there is history here as well there are north korean still living who
have personal experience of american bombing during the korean war nearly seventy years ago back in two thousand and ten people in power travel to north korea to investigate claims that some of those bombs contained not high explosive but biological weapons insects deliberately infected with deadly diseases it's a claim that the u.s. is all. deny that filmmaker ten take had unique access to this extraordinary story traveling deep inside the country to talk to men who claim to be survivors an attack an american says never happened or start a little secrets. almost sixty years ago this peaceful lake was the scene of either a terrible crime. or a cynical hoax. each
of these old men is either a witness to that crime or a participant in that home. what happened or never happened here in nine hundred fifty two is the key to one of the most intractable international disputes today. the korean war was the first armed confrontation of the cold air. in one thousand nine hundred six the united states unilaterally divided korea along the thirty eighth parallel. when in one thousand nine hundred fifty north korean forces backed by the army of communist china crossed the border to unify the country america persuaded the united nations to support military action against what washington saw as the global threat of international compact. the fact that communist workers have invaded korea is a warning that there may be similar acts of aggression in other parts of the word.
over the next three bloody years an estimated two million soldiers died while many . at least two million civilians were killed or wounded and millions more were made homeless. but early in one nine hundred fifty two north korea claimed the villages throughout the country was suffering unprecedented outbreaks of bubonic plague anthrax and typhus. it accused the united states of bacteriological warfare dropping germ bombs containing insects shellfish and feathers infected with plague as well as anthrax and color. america angrily denied the claim. was just released films lay bare the shocking truth behind communist charges of germ warfare in korea and ever since the germ warfare allegations have been dismissed as communist propaganda from an
isolationist rogue state it was broadcast by the communist propaganda machine throughout the world. today north korea is the most impenetrable state on the planet. yes over the past twenty years professor mari musser taka a leading japanese academic has gradually won the confidence of paean young secretive rulers. a healthy boy he joined us. shows how was i not already saigon orders in person one of us so they must. now mari has persuaded pyongyang to allow our cameras to follow him through his latest visit it is an unprecedented step foreign journalists are routinely banned from entering north korea we will be working under strict control told where and what we can film and accompanied by government officials at all times. yet we will
also be taken deep into the heart of this most hidden country to meet men who claim to have witnessed america's use of germ warfare first hand. in the center of pyongyang the korean army maintains a vast museum dedicated to documenting its version of the war with america. inside professor morey examines a room given over to what north korea claims to be direct evidence of germ warfare by the united states including specimen jars filled with flies mosquitoes and fleas all allegedly infected with deadly pathogens is it the has what the busiest
typhoid cause there are pest like this are heavy diseases injects like a small boy says into the insects and any thoughts inside lead to small ones and drops into evidence is not. according to north korea american pilots dropped specially adapted bombs these carried no explosives but split open to release the infected insects which would then pass on the diseases to the local population so this is to joan joan long as it is i'd like to speak bombs they put some insects. i mean this thirty four kinds of insects. in a separate projection room mari is given a private screening of what north korea claims is new skill shot in one thousand nine hundred fifty two. the footage appears to show
masses of insects crawling on snow covered ground beside the bomb casings a highly unusual phenomenon. and also logic in. can children that doesn't even know any. and all sounds i said what i did notice and i thought i don't know. but i could have any do you think i want out you know the rest of this but humans from which country were these insects were dropped by american pilots or placed here by north korean propagandists. is this evidence of a war crime or is america claim is merely crude propaganda you don't even want you to meet. him and so they call it common density care are cut out ever she will kill me or status going to show he'll miss things that are
serving us sekai no. court orders let the national. or commision commissions that you know. some of his in a camp and out of new sewing room are sending the hoga in a quick start the. kids had attained to your discharge and. the. dawn of a pyongyang. at seven am government sirens wake the city summoning its people to begin a new day's work. mori master tucker is leaving pyongyang and heading out into north korea's rural hinterland in search of people who claim to have witnessed and survived germ
warfare. but the very nature of this country means that he is completely reliant on the p.r. nyang government to provide his transport and to put forward his interviewees. on the outskirts of bunging a village forty five kilometers east of pyongyang two elderly farmers are waiting to meet him young chan been an toxic lost their fathers during the war both claim that an american plane dropped a german bomb close to the village. then you go. you know do your. job. has been present over you must call it global q will you be telling me to bully.
has another. bore hole in the. road any in view limited to going to. you now in you. mind you're making a very probably twenty seven tomorrow night. with your mate during the war captured american pilots made filmed confessions in which they admitted dropping bombs filled with infected insects on north korean villages might never be clean. i mean not many but not. only will they didn't see any order in their own human being donna you're wrong medicine or your kidney month old girl came in he. saw me. crying the kid didn't hear them and
now you. to be there when i am or and there could. be. and then when. i have eyes in the arm of him i'm going to do what is in the. a poem. in the here in monotone. me me. it's a. second guy. and one goalie i love it all i never want to put it up to pay back your money. i give you mine they are our not going to do it. in their filmed confessions the american air force officers
expressed apparently genuine remorse for their actions i cannot go back and take my family and i live. out in our county thank god i am a criminal and i would imagine but when they returned home at the end of the war they all retracted their confessions. so where does the truth lie for professor mori at least the north korean witnesses are the more convincing the. know them and the code of medicine it's gonna. need some of the. night but the same things. terminal connecting these. little to him out.
mores mission is taking him deeper into north korea's rural hinterland and into the areas most heavily bombed during the war. there matter and village in the east of the country he meets jake young stock. in one nine hundred fifty two he was in his final year at school. of the chemical lab he could have been home building downtown hong kong you knew reasonable water. to take an interval going to school but he got it in. the to me. that it is but now there's a. apologizing to. kenya money to the needs of the road in a death he can turn in order that i can not again.
in march nine hundred fifty two this peaceful rural area was heavily bombed by the us air force. by then the war ground to a stalemate and. american military chiefs had already dropped thousands of tons of napalm and were considering a nuclear strike. but the people of mataram village claimed to have been the victims of a very different weapon lawyer. the google doodle could have me he told me he would he. could have been able to get put in there. who would dare make coins wouldn't he that. you would thing then there. would be wooers have it there so. you can book me can you get to.
do anything i can do i will you to get in there. none cause. if you give me that kind of content then don't already know somebody this. could be home since you. according to the villages within days many of them fell sick and began to die the symptoms apparently consistent with bubonic plague a disease with no recent history in korea. already killing your own one. on one of the people who got on. board one hundred more little over parking hubris from people who didn't know what hard work i thought would hold on i'm not sure how the loss will. be going to come true though. i'm going to law. there's all.
the time to work through. who want to rule we're not talking about right awful. special car to question. what. they be i can just sign a second single here yet they still have. the music on the play again with us no. no no no it's not up. so you are going to put you on with us now that i. i've got to set this set my knees and. but mari knows that testimony from north korean citizens will not be enough to convince a skeptical world that the united states used germ warfare in korea said your highest so i just saying now chores are a honey he i going to need in. he joins. us. in fact within months of the allegations being made the north koreans did invite an
international commission to visit the country. composed of scientists from france italy sweden the soviet union and brazil and led by a distinguished if left leaning british embryologist it toured the affected areas interviewed the sick and the dying and carried out a detailed analysis of their infections. the commission's six hundred page report included results of post-mortems on the victims these identified plague typhoid cholera and anthrax. it concluded the germ warfare had been deployed exactly as the north koreans claimed but despite its wealth of scientific evidence it was dismissed by america as communist this information. no. they're. going to snare and you know i got used pushed and you know i had
a chore son she know or. dyson that this was a calling out there's a kind of. my. whole attitude to what are you doing. today at the thirty eighth parallel korea remains divided north and south korea remain technically at war every hour of every day the border guards square up to each other across the symbolic dividing line under the constant gaze of american forces . but tucker's search for information about biological warfare in korea will take him far away from this disputed border. harbin northeastern china. in the one nine hundred thirty s. and one nine hundred forty s.
japan occupied this part of china. inside these brick buildings a division of the imperial japanese army units seven three one carried out grotesque human experiments as a result japan became the first country ever to perfect the technology of biological warfare. agents in this. chair and. they already said early. on the. fear. problems i'd only all. color to me. the trash the japanese experiments exposed to bare living victims insects or shellfish infected with plague anthrax and cholera while weapons experts
created unique bombs to deliver these pathogens to their target during world war two japan dropped thousands of these bombs throughout northern china infecting towns and villages with plague cholera anthrax and typhoid see. such a woman the powerful that they don't unit seven three one was run by japanese scientists and led by general shiro. yet despite clear. that unit seven three one used biological warfare on such an industrial scale after the war now the shira she nor the leaders of his germ weapons team was ever prosecuted for war crimes. it's a deal so when you're. doing. this on all the. we
are the core gotten. hurt or were there for so. the techniques and the germs used by unit seven three one match exactly the details of north korea's claims of american biological warfare and today chinese officials at least a convinced that there was a link between the two may be your wording and there was. show you all the details. yet. to selwood a that should. just. for professor mahdi the narrative he has heard amid the ruins of unit seven three one is deeply shocked. and i told a snail this or they can i you know or she should or innocent young innocent japan
khaleda doing us in their. own interest there. by. some your kind us and some nice continuous. but i see. no. nonsense and i know from. some of them another. says one hundred so that's the law it's not the particle to knuckle their knee so nor that the. how could he she escaped justice. did america really use his pioneering technology to wage biological warfare in korea. or were the convincingly detailed confessions of american air force pilots actually extracted under communist pressure. the truth may lie in another country thousands of
miles from here. too often on the streets of india. are victims but a new force is at play. female police officers are combative sexual assault and domestic abuse. but changing society is a challenge and so is life behind the badge for india. at this time. the nature of news as it breaks. is a sense of renewed hope with the president enjoys quite a deal with detailed coverage they are dodging distractions that appear to be hurting president trump's ability to manage the mideast peace crisis from around the world over one hundred thirty one thousand people are registered in
a south korean database for separated families. a survivor of the genocide there are people who beg me to kill them when they're suffering but i didn't have the heart who's dedicated his life to searching the woods for bones of the victims of the srebrenica massacre. you know in the here is neutral. you know hope of finally laying the past to rest and giving peace to the victims' families because if i could just find a finger i could bury him. at this time on al-jazeera. hello again i'm laura carlin there are these the top stories on al-jazeera the syrian government forces continue to bombard the rebel held and claim of eastern
ghouta a mask has these pictures published by syria's state news agency appeared to show night operations by government fighters activists say government forces have taken almost complete control of the town of fallujah and he's seventy nine people have been killed in the latest into ethnic violence the democratic republic of congo dozens of people were killed in the village of musée on friday more attacks were reported in three nearby villages on saturday a person's health ministry says a farmer has been shot dead by israeli troops near the gaza border he died whilst working on his land close to the border fence on saturday israeli military says the man was approaching a restricted area a warning shots were first fired into the air the planes at the farm did not stop so the sole soldiers shot him his present donald trump has stepped up his rhetoric in a globe growing global trade fight with
a threat to increase taxes on european cause comes after the e.u. warned it would impose tit for tat tariffs on american products if trump went through the plan to put a twenty five percent duty on steel imports australia and canada also made which had a tory threats vote counting is underway in germany in a balance of social democrat party members to decide for against entering a new coalition with chancellor angela merkel if they approve the union the new coalition would take office in about four months and no vote might force new national elections. he was a boy is on a three day visit to bangladesh to assess the range of crisis because his who worked on the white house national security council has arrived at a particularly tense time for new accusations that minimize army is bullying and intimidating range of refugees in its border with bangladesh the un estimates around seven hundred thousand range are being forced to leave mineral. since august last year and what isn't france have used tear gas on environmentalists processing
plants and store nuclear waste there it's in the northeast two groups clashed in a field near the proposed waste site environmentalists oppose plans to bury nuclear waste five hundred metres below the ground those are the headlines and back with more news are to get you back to rewind. november two thousand and nine and the president of the united states issues a stern warning to north korea over its nuclear program. north korea behaves in a provocative fashion. then. is willing to return to talks talks for a while and then leaves the talks seeking further concessions and there's never actually any progress on the core issues. while in pyongyang north korean officials
insist that talk about nuclear weapons depends on resolution of the fifty eight year old claims that america used biological warfare in the korean war. be. coming on. your own egypt so you money could be would be. good to you didn't know who were not. true were not. none would be. called power in which young call view. and. but while professor morey's inquiries continue in north korea the search for the truth about whether america did use biological weapons there moves halfway around the world. in the
u.s. national archives just outside washington d.c. two documents reveal a disturbing relationship between america and she is she the mastermind behind japan's biological warfare program unit seven three one. this show that after the war the american military intelligence shielded the leaders of unit seven three one from war crimes trials in return for their expertise in advancing america's then embryonic germ warfare plants information procured will have the greatest value in future development of the u.s. b.w. program so we decided that we're going to trade in this sort of of deal we trade issues non-prosecution for his cigarettes which is smuggled out arm and so the deal is made the trunks of of raw data arrive and in a sense we've sold our souls because we need to know that they were able to develop
weapons that were capable of killing hundreds of thousands of people these once top secret documents reveal that to speed its program the united states paid ishi and his top germ warfare scientists handsomely for their cooperation they were assisted by direct payments payments in kind food miscellaneous gift items entertainment. from one nine hundred forty seven behind this security fence at fort dietrich in maryland the u.s. army began work to expand issues use of insects to deliver bubonic plague anthrax cholera and typhus not very far from any. it would get historic frederick maryland other biological warfare laboratories. were working on delivery systems from planes and from missiles and from other paratus of both fleas but primarily mosquitoes it
was a very active program a well funded program a program in which we in fact were testing some of these delivery systems clowder biological warfare agent can be generated so successful was fort dietrich in perfecting the technology of biological warfare that in the late one nine hundred fifty one as american forces were bogged down in korea the u.s. joint chiefs of staff issued a top secret order to begin testing germ weapons on the battlefield large scale field tests should be conducted to determine the effectiveness of specific b.w. agents under operational conditions. at the time america was fighting only one and wounding korea if the order by the joint chiefs of staff was a bait and it was only one battlefield where biological weapons could be tested.
and video testimony given as he was dying by a japanese technician who worked to unit seven three one suggests that these trials may have been actively assisted by the original masterminds of biological warfare zero to zero two zero zero zero zero the he's only. solo. doesn't take being conned the only. one who is is in those who is ill. and she's on governor's on board that does our doors are new. to us is our nature to be so there. just look at who goes. according to north korea america began dropping bombs filled with infected insects in january nine hundred fifty two near the end of the korean winter. in support it cites what it claims is contemporary newsreel footage showing scientists examining
insects surrounding the remains of bombs on snow covered ground it's like a bomb casing from a standard leaflet bomb that was used to deliver pamphlets and that sort of information we showed this film to entomologist and biological warfare expert professor geoffrey lockwood it's really difficult to say what that is there's there's no scale so i can't tell what the size of those insights are given that appears to be snow i would guess that of the big it could be something like stone flies crawling around on the snout but for professor lockwood the problem is not with the insects the bombs or the snow it's with the veracity of the film itself it has to be almost certain that what we're seeing here is a a recreate of what the koreans saw or claimed to have seen the possibility of getting a camera film crew to an area where insects at this sort of density have been dispersed in time to actually film that converges on zero so what we're seeing is
is what they said they saw and this is probably as close as they can come to that does that necessarily mean that it didn't happen no it doesn't it doesn't mean that it didn't happen it's simply that this is not evidence that it did happen so this is is is i would gather this is their attempt to simulate the sorts of things that they that they saw in one hundred fifty two united states representatives took to the floor of the united nations it is no exaggeration to say. that that problem group is run now from the world. they denounced the north korean evidence as a clumsy fake and a lie. but in doing so they told their own lies undermining the credibility of all american denials of biological warfare some of the denial was just absurd almost laughable when when for instance one particular u.s.
official says we did not have any development of insight vector disease research in the united states at that time it's simply an absurd bald faced deception it's a lawyer working up to functions against chemical biological and radiological warfare is the responsibility of the army chemical corps were insects dropped over north korea and parts of china my sense is that there were incidents that involved. probably quite limited. but very very important u.s. testing of biological materials and how will the issue ever be laid to rest once for all i don't know of the issue will be later i mean our debate is with the smoking gun with with with definitive testimony from a u.s. official who was involved in the program and can say yes we did.
the key to the mystery may lie with the american efforts offices who originally confessed to dropping bombs. very few are still alive today. but we tracked down one of the survivors to this peaceful senior citizens community near houston texas. kenneth enoch is eighty five years old today he enjoys a comfortable retirement sharing wartime memories with his wife bob these are supposed to be bombs over here is that right those obama reserves way and i think it says if this man is hungry give him food. but from one thousand nine hundred fifty onward left tenant kenneth enoch was another gates on u.s. air force b. twenty six bombing missions over north korea all but one or two most of missions we flew at night by favorite target was trains we were in and i trains you know but sometimes the one would almost hit the engine. and actually if we drop net
napalm on the engine you know to try and discourage them i guess it was the you could feel the napalm go off on january the thirteenth nine hundred fifty two after fifty three night bombing missions the next plane was shot down and he bailed out over north korean territory and landed in the persian spillman i found a corner of a rice paddy. and it was snowy there were quite a bit of snow on the ground and i saw a dark bar over there on the corner and so i thought well that's a good place for me to be but in less than an hour kenneth enoch was captured by north korean and chinese soldiers it was the morning of this twenty seventh birthday down on a house and i had a place to sit. and they had a guard there and they handed me a piece of paper in english. said. don't worry about it and all that
we're going to send and anyway you know they don't want to trouble for awhile least but anyway. so i was. left in and would be held captive in north korea for the next twenty months but what happened to him and what he did during his time as a prisoner of which proved to be one of the most bitterly disputed pieces of evidence in the allegations of american biological warfare. that. there. was. no. there. on april the first nine hundred fifty two can if you know committed detailed confession that he had taken part in a series of biological warfare missions. on film and over eight closely written pages left hadn't he not described his biological weapons instructions.
or the techniques of dropping germ bombs yet they're. there for the for the. benefit. and the code word assigned to log them on his return three. or four. ordinary. in all thirty six american air force officers made written or filmed confessions of dropping germ bombs while in captivity. but when they were sent back home at the end of the war the us department of defense woman them that they could be brought before courts martial to face treason charges subsequently in response to identical questions each officer made a carefully worded retraction just released films lay bare the shocking truth
behind communist charges or germ warfare in korea and the so-called confessions of captured u.s. airmen each retraction was filmed by military cameras and handed to television news reel companies with their unit it is. time and. if you have. the basic germ warfare bombing the overnight. if you care to make a statement guarding it. if left in and kenneth enoch's retraction was typical. movie we're recording interviews. were forced upon me but johnny. said that due to my part humor due to my confession which was absolutely. in my confession i would now be branded by the people of the world as in fact a war criminal even describe that method you better find it. in your
statement. yesterday they use both physical and mental pressure they pushed me around. me attention for a long period. forced me to sit at attention. finally i could see that there was no alternative insanity or death they may threaten me and threaten me again that i should never leave alive if i didn't cooperate but nearly sixty years later kenny enoch now denies he was ill treated by his captors whatever actions these were very brutal thoughts no no no no no. no no no. but here i lay there one time they had me and i didn't the stay in the same place all the time and i can't recall one particular thing but.
maybe maybe they wanted to move somebody else you know how whatever they do so i got transferred to another building another house and home and it was cold. the so my room wasn't quite as big but it was it was all i needed you know. but they came with because it was so cold they came with a. part full of charcoal you know. and they put it in the room to keep me warm the second reason flight left tendency not gay from making his confession was mental pressure also forced to read their propaganda. to make a robot comment on it that is their. there are russian publications and so on on communism today once again his story changes try to let you.
know if you want to be that really hurts. that. they had already. i don't think so for dockery they had all kinds of books or if you want to go i guess and if you bought one you didn't like you know it just over here so why then did he make such a detailed confession today he claims that it was a deliberate deception there was four days for anything else i could think of he says that he booby trapped the document giving his fellow crew members the names of american cartoon characters there was a fellow named dick tracy dick tracy you know dick tracy over there. richard tracy what. you know and i was going to put a junior in there to you know what we're doing here tracy you tell you only does this make you always like. yeah but they were there i wanted them to be
recognizable. so i if i get tracy and jr that would been great except that you know you can't put too many people on one of them or it's worse or it would have been a real dandy probably would have had a president from where. the difficulty with this story is that many of the dates and places detailed in kennedy knox confession have since been confirmed as accurate. the only mention of anything approaching a cartoon character is a passing reference to his gunnery officer sergeant tracy. and then nearly sixty years on kenneth iraq seems to make at least a partial admission that the united states did deploy bacteriological weapons first of all i think you have to understand what what this. biological warfare or whatever or quark is
a pretty big field and it's health what you've got specialists and evil doctors and all of that nonsense but but there's the people who deal and they're don't have to go high and so as fairies we deal for them you know but they send you send it when you nevertheless he still denies that he personally played any part in the affair i thought want you to know i don't know where this thing or this flight you know i was just a passenger. official records of bombing raids over north korea held in the u.s. national archives one way to clear up the confusion about kennedy knox confession and subsequent retraction would be to examine the flight logs for his missions over korea. but they were removed from the files by the u.s. air force on march the twenty third one nine hundred fifty two two months after he
was captured and one week before he made his written confession. and after the war the u.s. military imposed a top secret classification on all documents relating to biological warfare in the far east. many of the flight records for korea have never been released. you saw you also know the danger she. will show it in its mother come up with a lot going on in the can it is someone you. wish is used in the. old order and you can i know a lot of fun out there it's the what if you use a sage brush that could develop in that he's got. more pull not nicholas until now they go and he's headed to the court and i says no juanita just look at.
washington remembers the korean war very differently to pyongyang. the united states still owners its military men and women as heroes who fought on behalf of the free world to hold back the march of international communism and yet when we asked both the department of defense and the state department for filmed interviews to discuss the allegations of america's biological warfare program both refused they also declined to respond to ten specific questions about north korea's claims . instead a government spokesperson issued a two line statement describing the allegations as baseless and the dissin from a campaign that refuses to die.
one thing is clear. until those allegations are laid to rest. and america's innocence or culpability is established beyond doubt perhaps by an independent inquiry. one of the most enduring cold war mysteries will continue to haunt its relationship. with the world's most secretive state. dirty little secrets from two thousand and ten a persuasive story but one that has been consistently denied by every american administration for more than sixty years in north korea though this story contributes to a profound suspicion of the united states and its intentions and southeast asia i'm joined now from u.k. by professor hazel smith the korea expert from london school of oriental and african studies professor thank you so much for joining us so if all of this happened with you know deadly insects biological weapons if all this happened it was more than sixty years ago but having said that is this still
a very real live issue for north koreans now the truth is about the korean war is that it was a very dirty war on all sides there atrocities by the north koreans by the south koreans there were many many people killed and many many orphans and many maimed so the whole of the war full remains controversial but sickly for north koreans and for south koreans because they've still got family members that have split since not fifty three once when the war ended there's been no communication between the two sides so the issues about. alleged germ warfare a part and parcel of the discourse which takes place in north korea this is a controversial topic at the time in the one nine hundred fifty s. remains controversial now there's still no smoking gun evidence this to took
place but it forms part of the official discourse it doesn't however form part of the day to day discussions of north koreans i lived and worked in north korea for two years all over the country not so different settings in farms and hospitals and . clinics and. talked to lots and lots of different people it was never raised once as an issue with me not even in passing where some other issues were race of course things like the fact that there were so many men killed in the one nine hundred fifty s. in the war that there were a disproportionate amounts of women left alive today for a brief moment there was a slight deescalation but obviously the tension is still there how do you see things playing out on the korean peninsula well there are different objectives the north koreans want to preserve regime security which for them means both territorial defense for prevention of military intervention from the outside but
also security for the current government and for those in power it saw what happened in iraq to saddam hussein and in libya to gadhafi and their argument is that if those countries had maintained nuclear weapons program or similar sorts of programs they wouldn't have been vulnerable to invasion from the united states and others although what's encouraging is with south korea and north korea after all the heart of the matter on the korean peninsula at least talking to each other now in two thousand and eighteen in a way that they haven't been for two. there are some diplomatic channels which will at least at this stage allow for talks. but there is a long long way to go before we can see an end to these conflicts thank you professor for joining us and that is it from us to check out the page at al-jazeera
dot com for more films from this series. thank you for joining us. welcome back and i will look at weather conditions right across the americas in north america this low pressure system which had brought severe weather across the northeastern part of the u.s. into canada that's clearing away so bright a conditions for the eastern seaboard but we have this system movie across some
parts of the rockies through into the northern plains but it's going to develop as we head on into monday some quite significant snowfall expected here some rain further towards the south fine conditions for the southwest meanwhile across the eastern seaboard weather conditions much they should remain dry i'm relatively fine but just six as a high in new york city down into the caribbean lovely weather conditions brisk winds plenty of sunshine showers few and far between possible bit cooler than that has been in recent days with a change in wind direction and then as we head on through into monday not much change expected the same really goes up through much of central america a lot of sunshine or own fine conditions across the whole of mexico with highs of twenty six in mexico city as we head down into south america plenty of showers across the amazon basin further south we've saw some rain a phase in parts of power why that seems to be fairly light and just a few showers are likely for rio de janeiro further towards the south it should be fine for bonus areas but temperatures falling here little bit as the wind picks up from the south.
an act of youthful defiance we've ruled your turn next doctor also on the school will they arrested me at home at four in the morning of electric shock treatment was the worse that triggered a revolution. the arrest of those children sparked it all of which became a battle without and that was the beginning of the armed struggle in syria. the boy who started the syrian war at this time on al jazeera new yorkers are very receptive to al-jazeera because it is such an international city they're very interested in that global perspective that al jazeera provides. this is al-jazeera.