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tv   The Stream 2018 Ep 48  Al Jazeera  March 23, 2018 5:32pm-6:01pm +03

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policy hardliner john bolton as his new national security advisor he replaces h.r. mcmaster that is the third appointee in just over a year bolton's been an advocate of military action on north korea and iran the us has complained to the world trade organization accusing china of theft of american intellectual property it comes a day after president donald trump announced that he was imposing sixty billion dollars worth of tariffs on chinese imports china is planning to retaliate with three billion dollars worth of taxes on american exports that include pork and steel share indices across the world to fall in as investors fear a trade war between the world's two largest economies peru's president has done about turn on his resignation but republican ski now says that he will face impeachment in congress because inskeep stepped down the wednesday following corruption allegations vice president monson was carter was said to be inaugurated as the new president syrian state television is reporting that rebels have agreed
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to surrender in a secondary of eastern ghouta rebels in the southern part of the old play have been negotiated with russia following a civil the a similar deal it had a day earlier. as the headlines more news on al-jazeera but after the stream thanks to. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it. will bring you the news and current of the matter to you al jazeera. and here in the stream valley live on due to the united nations estimates that by twenty twenty five two thirds of the world's population will face water stress conditions but for some people living in cape town south africa the struggle for
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water is all they've ever known. social activists former cabinet ministers. it's estimated that water scarcity impacts more than forty percent of the world's population and you don't have to tell about it to the people living in cape town they know what the struggle for water is like in fact an extreme drought could force the city to run out of water completely the crisis has already taken a toll on cape town tourism and agricultural industries it's also highlighting the gap between rich and poor and joining us to discuss this in cape town zambia limburg is a city councilor and chairperson of the water resilience advisory committee should know your highness an activist with the water crisis coalition michael hilo another member of the water crisis coalition and an organizer with the general industries
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workers union of south africa and kevin winter lead researcher with the urban water management research group welcome everyone to the stream. when we last visited this issue on the stream it was in december it looked like this is cape town facing a future. about the water the local government was warning of an impending danger varo may eighteenth by when the city was projected to be without water and since then that campaign seems to have been scrapped is there all still reality well there are many factors that influence. and really has been able to achieve quite a significant amount of things that have influenced day zero moving out quite substantially through see our consumption has dramatically reduced over the last six weeks in itself we've reduced our consumption by close to one hundred million inches of
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water and this is massive we all took the days marking which is to make to day zero to be in early april one of the other factors that have dramatically shifted is zero out is the fact that the agriculture sector has not fully utilize their allocation who are geological season and they're no longer drawing from the dams which is declined the rate at which dam evils are dropping and in addition to that we received from the clinton pharmacists the asian and that water supply has not reached dams within the city center circle boundaries and have provided additional suppliers who are about a full month period all of these factors including that ration niggles declining has shifted a zero out to the point where we don't see that there'll be a day zero scenario in this particular year michael you heard what it sounds like
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has gone right we don't see a day very oh dave's arrow scenario this year what do you make about. what. a plane to work.
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right so i haven't taken that in mind take a look here this is what the government is putting out a guide to fifty leaders or last per day this is what that looks like ten leaders for laundry for shower nine for flushes five for house cleaning you see cooking you see drinking it's all laid out there we can see what the guidelines are looking like but not too long ago the government was asking people to cut down their usage to eighty seven leaders per person what's next in a fifty liters enough is this going to get the job done is that we don't hit that day's arrow. well the teachers is really tough indeed and it's not easy for iss to operate at that level and of course the fifty liters is aimed at resistance and it doesn't really touch as seriously to the sixers in the economy many of them
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out try to make different arrangements to and manage their waters when they're on the cost of their water but there will demand has been placed tiley of the world demand in the at the moment the city is suggesting is well above the juicy was a demand and lists only around what the demand at the moment productions pull up a tweet here from melissa melissa i used to wash my hair three times a week now one time i can't shower every day anymore i wash my laundry even last i cook differently to use less water i think we need to change the sewer system to use seawater that are through one example that he gave but his are thriving her everyday life chanel you're joining us on the phone what does your everyday life look like. oh well firstly i'm from the cape and you know what happened to me recently about week ago. actually it started actually last year when my my my late grandfather passed away my gran we leave
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a mess the go eighteen thousand there were pensioners to pay and what happened was that go to our schools because of an underwater leak so in the case it's basically a teaching the way many displaced people are from colonial times apathic them stepping shift like everyone knows about africa the big gap between the rich and the poor. thing sound you find many stuff economic issues and one of the issues you know the message. and what happened was my my grandmother the freezing infants the bill you know on the you know so being being how can i think going to the tomb of a lot of a husband and what's expected. if not. be fine but what you find also is the increase of cattle in the state. we also find
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a situation which. is going not working so for example last week. we had we had issue with the pact system and we had to switch off our water supply so then see what chanel it seems to be describing there might be summed up in this comment we just got live via you to jakarta post says is this a natural phenomenon or a result of mismanagement is it true that scarce water has been directed to farming so she's talking about your perch an hour earlier talking about leaks massive water bills when the water wasn't actually being used and what do you make of criticisms like that. well the struggle as a result of climate change treaty received three years of below average levels of rainfall twenty seventeen was the worst level of rainfall in recorded history and this is obviously place great amount of strain on dam capacity but in respect
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to chanel's point the city of cape town actually has the lowest water loss rate in south africa at fourteen percent which is on par with international standards the average water loss rate in south africa amongst other municipalities is around thirty six percent and the city has been able to a juice of its water loss rate to this extent because our investment in infrastructure through maintenance and upgrading programs and this is a program that we are committed to ensuring we roll out to further minimise will tell us is within our system because of our water tomorrow management and water conservation programs over the last year decade and a half we've been able to become the more efficient in operations with the lowest water you spoke capita in cape town and this is a record for south africa as well and this is what we aim to pulled on but in
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respect to things such as leaks of private properties. it is an underground he quit your company and you require systems for painting and the amount of water that's been lost in the city does have a rebate program where you can make application particularly full of wonderful groups and pensioners this isn't it is provided really also cognizant of how water tariffs are costed and charged particularly for poor hostels so for poor indigent housel says israel charge in the first six thousand liters per month and in this way we ensure that we are who and how we cost charge full display six of us then pay you are not prepared us not like to the international community you are not. this they see you know has been designed and created when the privatization of water that this has been pretty healthy up to the cape flats and
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the township well meaning yes you know we have social economic inequalities that is not being that it created by a government who does not care about our constitution or that. you know we have a leak that now will in fact we have water management devices that you know about that's being illegally installs and forced upon the poor there's a water management devices i hope you can speak to that not everyone you know about what what the plans are but this was a management devices now only allowing c. and then fifteen being to stop work to our household according to government which s. the people in it however the hustles in the case as in the town just have about the same class individuals these water management devices do not even half the endurance of the leaders because some puzzles i don't have access to sanity liters of water once the work to stop the water is going to make an daisy go on
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a daily basis for people these management devices are not even being s.a.p.'s approved we also have evidence of thousands of these devices are cheating but should we really expect a little downtime not to be done speaking it's a showdown but michael chanelle should now finish i finish finish up you arsonist let's bring michael and go ahead thank you so much so basically what's happening to the the waste of the millions of fans being put out with what the management devices that's being installed and forced upon the poor you know once the water stopped completely it's basically making people prone to die from curable disease and people are dying from these i can help my god god would just apply my project and this is what the work has to be affected communities but what do you live. in be a community. priest accused of going to do monday but these workers. are
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actually where would they get their own work out of the p.p. because people like. sure you. shouldn't when it will be for them to. be. treated well actually if you are. not. sure that. i don't. so yes you can but i want to share with our audience what it is that we're talking about because we're talking about this water management devices people may have no idea what we're talking about take a look at this tweet for us from melissa she says poor people are more likely to
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have water management devices that restrict water supply they're also more likely to have multiple households on one property so you might find ten people using three hundred fifty liters a day and here is a look at what that device looks like this is pulled up from the city of cape town's website this device replaces a standard water meter and it's programmed to provide a daily allocation of water for you to use on your own property except some say in the townships and outskirts of cape town there may not be running water in people's homes and they go to stations outside of their homes to fill up their water says and the i know you want to respond to the criticism go ahead. so i think it's incredibly irresponsible to make statements to the effect that the city has created this water crisis and that the water crisis was created to privatized firstly the responsible for water provision is that of the national department of water and
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sanitation you know supposedly such as cape town are only responsible for ridiculous aging water and treating them to drinking standards but just to get it out is over ukraine pinera cannot ever think that is the municipality that was none other than have the answer and then we'll be back here but had no idea i did listen nation to which also respect i would resist the same respect so the city of cape town has gone above and beyond its constitutional mandate in responding to the stuff if the star was some fabrication of the municipality of cape town then we wouldn't have seen the national government to clear a national disaster in respect to the dropped the national department a couple of days ago to create a national disaster full of drought because there is a drought both in the eastern cape that you stink and the cocoa and the city has a cape town has implemented water restrictions it would have to manage the existing
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water far be too we've been rolling out to just like that devices for the last decade and a half and we're not the only municipality that has been in school to demand medical devices durban has been doing exactly the same particularly in response to their drought which they just over a year ago and these were to do monitor devices or sit in line with the current or existing water restriction levels and if they are more humans on a public not able to make a ition and now if they are just so i hear what you're saying then b. i hear disagreeing but i want to bring kevin back in here but this week we got this from solar energy per schools he writes waterloo. have been a problem ever since i could walk our infrastructure is old and outdated we need to hold our municipalities and leaders to high standards that standard being that we deserve better what's your take on mismanagement vs the drought vs how this water management device is working. yeah well i'm
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a scientist and so i look at numbers and i'm looking for the evidence so when i hear the stories and these are not the first time stories about complaints of the water them on measuring devices these restricted device do ices and also very importantly the stories of what i think is a national tragedy in what is happening to riggers in the surrounding farm and the areas where there is put production going on there let's go back to the real factor here in what i've been writing done as the conversations been going is is that the questions that i need to be are asking here and so while all these words of mine management systems there are more of them from what i'm told are approved by a significant bureau of standards so that they're not just in the devices it putting place there and if there is failure what little or failure are we talking about and what kind of failure are they responsible for for the result is resulting
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in the in the mill functional there and so this is the first questions i would ask i think everyone has to start recognizing that we do have to meter water and the slogan that i use often is if you don't measure something you can't measure it and so for the city to be able to have no meters and nobility to measure the water is extremely serious but i think when we come to what's fair and what becomes extremely difficult for these meters to operate in homes with air and water and for people and then there has to be a means by which that can be addressed and so i think there's a lot of wiggle around the fairness and the many cation of the instrument it's not that i want to know the knowledge was able to make up the engine that looks. and. to. have. progress the.
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quality. of the. attribute. to put. you know. reading that. out. loud to the. jobs. of the world. where well could. really try that work and. work has to do not. because what we see. but the problem that really put government. provincial government. shifting. the problem shoulders of reading and rampant. michael i want to
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share with our audience a look at what you're talking about just to give us live it more context i pulled up this headline on my screen here cape town farmers laid off amid a water crisis and that's we're looking at some thirty thousand seasonal farm workers who now have no jobs because of this crisis i hear your criticisms there and then i want to give you a chance to respond but first i want you to have a listen to this video comment we got someone from johannesburg this is official. they had to climb injustices registering in these communities the first based on heritage inequality in a part a job refused the day zero campaign of the da government is essentially squeezed these poor communities they carry the cost of this crisis the second injustice is the failure of the state at all three levels as the climate crisis failed state and these communities are bearing the brunt of it and finally the decisions made by trump and other petrol leads to continue extraction and use of fossil fuels as contribute to to this crisis as well as.
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so the particular drought to spain incredibly severe for all of the uses within the eastern cape supply system the city of cape town is one of many uses that draw from a collection of dancers at the western cape supply system at the beginning of the hydrological year the national department of water and sanitation imposed thorough restrictions targets on all uses that draw from the eastern cape supply system and so the city was given a forty five percent restrictions target by the national the popular vote and sanitation and agriculture received a sixty percent restrictions target which meant that they needed to operate with sixty percent less water than the previous year and this has had massive economic impacts fool those farmers many of the farmers operate outside of the city of kept
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out municipal boundaries but they depart the provincial government of the recent cape has put in place support programs to assist the star was during these times it has that everybody and their carefree are failing direction you want to caught your area if a protection you're speaking about agriculture so let us speak about the aquifers and i speak about the political will to come to india that the thirty and the provincial government is giving go in there or is not even wanting to protect the felucca you want a cultural issue which is that the charge down that has so much supplies ability to both that's being sold and that's the beauty of it is basically that it can mean this piece of land or ten thousand or pick this up around with mining and it is also a plaything with the balding of this eventually so why is the government not detecting agriculture even wanting to go ahead with mining forces on the land but this
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invention or the zoning i. why is that. taking and because while you know. so i hear you talking about al first i want to bring up this tweet we just got from this mind who says how does one manage a crowd of twenty thousand people lining up at a collection point for water how will the authorities police the collection of water from natural springs and what happens when the senate fails or diseases break out so kevin he's raising all kinds of questions there but the point about the natural springs the first others have raised the point of desalination are any of these potential solutions that you find in type thing. yeah i think there is a program which is on its rates and he starting to really get going with it the city of cape town was shown the national government to some extent and this is where moment twin cities actually take the lead and expect you know national
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government to follow this it doesn't really take the lead in circumstances like this because national government just operates austin has and doesn't do things at the appropriate scale this is the moment when we start to look to your government systems and the city is going to step up to the plate to actually take much war and a stronger leadership and to withdraw it so from the idea that national government is the only one that supplies water and what it does come from a variety of sources and ultimately if we are in to a city which becomes law more job prone then to descend this new it is the only way we going to be able to survive. with the size of the silicon i'm going to or as the autocrat is correlation and we completely reject the selling nation we've got a nation is extremely expensive it has the it's a mental impacts on both social and climate and the ecosystem so for example if you look at desalination you are expecting the suck out of the ocean what about the
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toxins what about the toxins these are the nation is extremely. delicate hot as i have to because if there i know that this allegation is a whole other topic that we can go into i partially we are out of time our thanks to than now michael and cabin for joining us for this conversation and of course it will continue online on twitter hash tag eighty three with a last time to take care. stories of life. and inspiration. and series of short documentaries from around the wilds. that celebrate the human spirit against the odds. is something someplace.
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al-jazeera selects changemaker this at this time. this is a really fabulous news for one of the best i've ever worked in there is a unique sense of bonding where everybody teens in that something i feel every time i get on the chair every time i interview someone we're often working round the clock to make sure that we bring events as i currently as possible to the viewer that's what people expect of us and that's what i think we really do well.
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in the foreign ministry. what makes this moment this era we're living through so unique this is really an attack on itself is a lot of misunderstanding a distortion of what free speech is supposed to be about the context it's hugely important to have a right to publish it. to be offensive or provokes it's all about eyes people do. setting the stage for a serious debate up front at this time on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera and live from studio fourteen here at al-jazeera headquarters in doha i'm come on santa maria.


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