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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  April 3, 2018 12:00am-1:01am +03

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i really did bad thing. would i be able to forgive somebody like me a convicted war criminal seeks out the survivors of a prison camp to apologize for the crimes of his past i just can't get even better as showing. the unforgiven a witness documentary on al-jazeera my old team ask can bet. there's nothing left. hello i'm barbara this is the news hour live from london thank you for joining us coming up in the next sixty minutes. a key activist in the
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fight against apartheid who later became a polarizing figure in south africa winnie made it his element dies at the age of eighty one israel puts on hold a controversial plan to send african asylum seekers to western countries rather than return them to africa china hits back at the u.s. by introducing retaliatory tariffs on more than one hundred products the nigerian by the goody is targeted once again at least thirty four people are killed in an attack believed to be carried out by boko haram. pounce on hamas with all the day's sport including injury head south african cricket is on the verge of making history in day four of the fourth test against australia.
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tributes are pouring in for winning. the anti apartheid campaigner who played a leading role in the battle against white minority rule in south africa when he was married to the nation's first black president nelson mandela throughout his twenty seven years in jail and was alongside him on his release but she was also a polarizing figure in her legacy is controversial barbara looks back on her life. during apartheid the mother of the nation winnie mandela the former wife of nelson mandela spent years in the public eye as a campaigner. for the liberation of the african people for. working from one of the three of all the racial groups in this country she'd been suffering from a long illness for which she spent much of this year in and out of hospital she was revered and controversial in equal measure she has been with. all of the strongest
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women in our struggle. all suffered burns. have targeted the regime. who was in prison. who was banished. was treated very badly separated not only from her husband but for most children as well. during her husband's twenty seven year imprisonment in robben island when he played a crucial role in directing the anti-apartheid struggle. in one thousand nine hundred ninety now so mandela was freed and the world watched as a juror walked out of prison hand in hand but by the end of the next year when he was found guilty and fined for her involvement in the kidnapping of forced to wear to school children and the killing of a boy in a stumpy by had team of bodyguards the necklacing method in which he was burnt to death with petrol filled tires horrified south africans in one thousand nine hundred ninety two allegations of corruption and mismanagement forced her out of
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all executive positions in the a.n.c. but shortly after she was appointed as culture minister in mandela's unity government she was sacked a year later for insubordination but kept her position as a member of parliament and head of the women's league had marriage to mandela and that in one nine hundred ninety six when he however remained a strong figure in south africa's social and political circles although she faced controversy in the latter parts of her life for millions of south africans winnie mandela holds a special place her brave fight against discrimination and for equality. well know and if the good dean as a professor at the university of which waters ran he joins me now live via skype from johannesburg sir thank you so much for joining us here on al-jazeera what do you think winnie mandela as legacy will be. think that it will be
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legacy. symbol lines for me to carry this show group are a majority black people against apartheid. i think that one needs to remember that when nelson mandela and other leaders of the only way in prison was nine hundred sixty we mandela amongst many other people but she stood ours as a symbol of the a.n.c. and also the representative of nelson mandela. in the country. as a and the evil as it symbol of greatly of determination. one more need to remember that when men did it was imprisoned she had three young children and she suffered a stream lee at the hands of the security police and people living i mean by that i think it's also important for your viewers to the call. in the mid one nine hundred seventy s.
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and again in the ninety's before that it had its place you the spanish she was regarded by young black people as the mother's nation as someone who's. against the atrocities of her part that so in my mind that is probably what people will remember most now of course in the mid one nine hundred eighty s. and early one nine hundred ninety s. there the place she was cornish fire her association and the. question are watching the new innovations of the murder are some discipline and i think that importantly. it is one was only three members there it was a doctor was killed around the same time a doctor though who attended system p. and the children were spotted by the mandela put ballclub under the leadership of mandela but the upper us for. that those who heard this think that that is the player sion however i would say that notwithstanding that and that's an important
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limits on medication that notwithstanding there. she remained until the last year that was. when she became very ill someone who consistently stood with people with it was young black. people with this people in squatter cans in two thousand and eight when it was inappropriate pardons she bravely stood are and criticized as those people were kept african miters it was a sin to which notwithstanding the problems that were associated with in the in the late eighty's early ninety's that she was supposedly are people even more than her late husband not him and they are she was someone who came from the people who others examine prison was the they are they and suffered severely and i don't think
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and that is forgive me for interrupting him and that is obviously why we are seeing such an outpouring of emotion and now that she has gone i mean you mentioned her husband nelson mandela then her ex-husband it goes without saying she is a strong woman a strong personality a strong leader in her own right but how much do you think will her memory always be in the shadow of her then husband and then ex-husband who of course was south africa's first black president. well absolutely and it will be and that's because unfortunately it's the it's the it's a supposed to curse that women have to suffer this no doubt not from an earlier was an icon of the south african liberation movement and as the first black president understandably has achieved national and international iconic status but there is a problem there and that is you know while nelson mandela was in prison who took
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the civil years and that was a capable our ships to be we have to recall that he escaped. again behind me only on the last very orchestra so the one contact the hardship of thirty seven years of prison however while he was in prison we mentally and many other people particularly you know in this case and to indio sucking a cigar she was banished inside the country to a small group will each who eight years she was in prison also who will be years and sometimes an honor to become army so this is not a competition to suck up more the point i'm making is that it's unfortunate that someone who had their own agency who members struggled as much as the husband did continue to live in the shadow because of the iconic status that you're quiet in
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the one nine hundred eighty s. and when you become the president of the country nor a news update or so they're going to give me we're going to have to leave it there professor at the university of wit thank you so much for sharing your views and opinions on the winnie medical mandela who has died at the age of eighty one. now israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu suspending a deal reached with the un's refugee agency that would have seemed thousands of african migrants and asylum seekers resettled in western countries he made the u. turn within hours of actually announcing the agreement initially the government had wanted to send the migrants back to africa but then the supreme court suspended the patients last month to get more now from stephanie decker joins us from west jerusalem via skype steph do we know why benjamin it announced seems to have such a such a sudden change of heart. yes i think it's quite significant as you mention just around six to seven hours. when he actually came out and addressed the media as
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interim and address them and you also had press statement from the u.n. c.r. so the backtrack to scale just shows the kind of pressure particularly when it comes to his coalition his right wing coalition members of his own party seem to be unhappy about this they weren't consulted at naturally bennett his education part of the jewish home party and that israel would become let me say exactly said a paradigm for infiltrators in this is because this is these these are asylum seekers have throughout the course of the last eight years or so been called illegal in traitors by authorities here not my posts not asylum seekers and that's one of the points which today was interesting that the prime minister actually started calling migrants in starting to now move forward and not do this mass deportation plan which had come under such criticism it was hailed as six success by the n.g.o.s by the civil society to in argue against this however they did say
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be see how this will unfold one now in a dramatic turn i think it's safe to say it's important hold because of his right wing likud not happy about this saying that you know they need to discuss this further it will need to be consulted in the needs to vote on it in the cabinet stephanie they can with the latest from west to rue slim and following the story as a developer for the moment thank you palestinians injured during protests on friday say that they will march to the gaza israel border again to demonstrate against israeli land confiscation seven thousand people have now died after being shot to during the land they protests and hundreds more were injured leaving hospitals in gaza struggling to cope doctors are appealing for more medicine and supplies to treat patients or the bill hamid has more now from gaza. people here in gaza are pinning a lot of hope on the so-called long march of return which is basically staying
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along the border for dinnick six weeks or until may fifteenth which is actually a day the palestinians refer to as nec but look at that strophe because it is the day of the creation of the state of israel the cabman's are about five hundred to seven hundred meters away from the border fence which is just there in the background there you see some people have gone a bit further down and they are basically at the limit at the still called buffer zone about three hundred meters by israel they don't want the army doesn't want to see anyone in that area but you can see that some of the young people have actually gone defiantly a bit close to the border now organizers and the people coming here want to make sure that this remains a peaceful nonviolent sit in many people i spoke to said you know we had several wars here in the gaza strip over the past ten years there was
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a lot of violence we lost a lot of our own people we are going to try this new way and nonviolent long term protests in the hope that maybe it will change something many people will tell you that they are sort of fed up of living thanks to humanitarian handouts they want to take their own future into own hands they want to have life in the gaza strip like life anywhere else as specially they want to be able to have at least freedom of movement. reporting there will still ahead on the program all aboard for america where with a caravan of migrants who have angered president trump as they seek a better life in the u.s. or mexico. protesters are killed and injured as members of india's lowest ranking cast of rage against a controversial court decision and australia's cricketing nightmare in south africa
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gets worse details later in sport. china has imposed tariffs of up to twenty five percent more on one hundred twenty american products affecting three billion dollars worth of imports they are in response to the u.s. raising duties on foreign steel and last month investors are worried about the red rising trade tensions stocks on wall street have been trading sharply lower age of brown reports now from beijing. the list of u.s. goods targeted by china is in line with what officials here proposed last month that's when president donald trump applied new levies on chinese on a million and steel imports the latest measures would affect around three billion dollars of u.s. imports but that's less than two percent of the value of u.s. trade with china from monday the chinese government began imposing additional
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juvies on one hundred twenty eight kinds of products the highest tariff of twenty five percent will be on u.s. pork fifteen percent duty will apply to fruit nuts and wine but not soybean imports worth around fourteen billion dollars annually to the u.s. analysts say china's response appears measured i think the key here is targeted what they have done is a package i mean one hundred twenty eight or a rather small items but you'll notice that apart from the scrap aluminum they're mostly agricultural in areas that will then voted for trump i think china is trying to send a very measured response last month the trumpet ministration announced a second round of trade sanctions against china a twenty five percent levy on more than fifty billion dollars of chinese annual imports the white house has not yet specified which products will be affected but
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targets will likely include sectors like robotics artificial intelligence and electric cars industries at the heart of the new made in china strategy and chinese leaders say they don't want to trade war with the united states but won't sit back if the economy here is hurt for now though they appear to be trying to prevent tensions rising still further if it came to a trade war china would have more to lose as it exports far more to the united states than the other way around some chinese shoppers we spoke to though did not appear concerned would tradeable might help that play out if the u.s. wants to fight a trade war i will never buy their products no foreign products japanese korean american we have our own products. i think we should give up buying american products i'm chinese a muslim quarter our own products it is not a trade war yet but the coming few weeks could determine whether one really will
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happen adrian brown. well to talk more about this we're joined from washington by jeff shelties a senior fellow at the peterson institute for international economics sir thank you so much for joining us here on al-jazeera as we were just hearing from our correspondent it's not a trade war yet but one could develop in the next few weeks what do you think the next steps might or will be taken in the next few weeks could be that would actually lead us to a trade war well i think the report got it just right the chinese gave a measured response to the u.s. tariffs on steel and aluminum but the real danger lies ahead not in the couple of weeks but in a couple of months when the u.s. retaliation list on the other products chinese products the fifty billion dollars worth of goods is put together and enters a de force between that period of time u.s.
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and chinese officials will be sitting down and talking a lot about what they can do to resolve their differences or to or to constrain the scope of the actions. taken against each other's trade and so what do you think their main differences to resolve are. well i think these are very complicated problems the on the steel case it was an issue of overcapacity primarily in the in the chinese steel industry and even that is difficult to resolve in the short term but in the case of force technology transfer and the misappropriation of intellectual property we're getting to rather pervasive policies of the chinese government some at the provincial and municipal level that are very difficult to unreliable and and to discipline even even from officials even for officials in beijing so this is something where it's going to take
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a long sustained effort of policy reform in china to address the problems and one which i don't think u.s. officials have the patience to wait for the chinese to advance the reform a long way down the road i guess the some people who perhaps don't follow in a lot of detail it might seem that this all sort of started with president donald trump effectively almost calling for a trade war saying it wouldn't be that bad a minute maybe a simplistic question here but who do you think is that fall to because we are now seeing this potential trade war between the world's two biggest economic powers. well i actually it's a pox on both their houses but the chinese have been. taking actions that have been letting the problems fester in the steel industry and with regard to forced technology transfer for a long time they've made commitments that have only been weakly implemented.
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with with lots of backtracking on their reform programs so there's a lot of frustration in washington that previous agreements to move forward with economic reform to deal with these problems really haven't borne fruit and what president trump is now doing is forcing the issue in a rather dramatic and potentially costly manner will be very interesting to see how things do develop over the next few weeks will probably speak to you again before then jeff shot senior fellow at the peterson institute for international economics sir thank you very much now protesters have again forthwith security forces in indian administered kashmir after the lifting of restrictions designed to calm tensions. authorities that close the schools and block to the internet have to a weekend of violent protests and gun battles left twenty people dead doctors on
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monday said they treated a number of people without a injuries from being hit by gunfire protesters are demanding an end to indian control of kashmir. at least seven people have died in india during angry protests over cast the screamin ation members of the dalai group say a supreme court judgement last weekend's their protection the ruling made it harder to prosecute officials accused of the scrutiny against the group peter sharp reports of the was. the protests began in several major cities across central and northern india a stoush scenes of delegates members of india's lowest cost airlines and roads and attacked buses and government offices. of the they are enraged by a court order that they say dilutes legal safeguards protecting what is already a marginalized community hell i'd send money as this is most of the people every
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shuttle cost federal member of the country is protest against atrocities being inflicted on us across india there is resentment and anger time and that was visible across the state supreme job tariana and it was a pradesh i'm seeing security forces reacting quickly i was. was discrimination is not lord i'm remains widespread was as does the anger i'm a senior government minister appealed for restraint. c.s.t. activism i'm a review petition has been filed in the supreme court i will only appeal to all political parties and groups and not incite an act of violence and i hope everyone cooperates with this. but the effects of this day of confrontation quickly spread shops and businesses were reported to have shut down as protesters cut roads into the capital new delhi and industrial cities making it very clear that had enough we
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can go back to the old system where the minority that would be the upper caste in those they would dominate the way out i would save solidarity between dalit muslim minorities christian minority. and anyone who cared for equality and human rights and democracy in india monday's demonstrations were called by several groups representing the daleks once known as the untouchables they make up two hundred million of india's one point two five billion population and despite anti discrimination legislation going back seventy years still remain at the very bottom of the cost hierarchy. b. to shop for al-jazeera. the un has condemned the attack in northeastern nigeria that killed at least thirty four people and injured dozens more suspected boko haram fighters that anita bowls and opened fire on residents of two communities on the outskirts of my the gori city when the tourists reports. another violent
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day in the nine year old battle between nigeria security forces and boko haram. a familiar picture for people in the country's northeast what this is say five to strike the communities of germany and bali shorey with bombs and guns under the cover of darkness in the. uni heard gunshots we went out to school boko haram with their bombs people were running into each other and the bomb killed them. emergency workers were deployed to the scene hours later and started the grim task of recovery who saved them by came to bali sure. he'll. sheep two people. came to bali killed three people there. dozens of the injured and that up here there are fears that some may succumb to the severe injuries this sustained during the attack. the army issued
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a statement saying it killed thirteen attackers and that it lost one soldier although the government says book quite ominous been defeated its citizens continue to live in fear and pain. the government of misty to the fight is it's not certain if they will take a similar from the past failed to walk and it's even difficult now splintered and continues targeting isolated vulnerable villages. as people in this region mourn their dead they also wonder if and when the fighters will strike again hama did resist al-jazeera freetown sierra leone. if he has sworn in its new prime minister ahmed is the first member of the ethnic group to hold the position since the ruling party came to power and as the pressure going to aim now reports he's carrying many people's hopes for reform. it might seem like a contradiction to call establishment politician abi ahmed
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a reformer but that's exactly what many are saying about even e.o.p. is new prime minister abi has succeeded in creating an unprecedented level of. hope expectation. and optimism i think nor the prime minister no other head of state coming magine a very good. first day. he's made history by becoming the first member of his oromo ethnic group to serve in that role since the ruling party took control twenty seven years ago during his swearing in on monday he spoke about his vision for the country and the need for reform. it is impossible to think about democracy without freedom freedom is not a gift from the government to the people rather it is a natural endowment emanating from humanity it is therefore essential to uphold freedom especially freedom of speech and organization which are in shrine in our
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constitution. yet human rights groups say the government has cracked down on protesters demanding greater freedom since twenty fifteen the political instability has led to violence in february prime minister haile mariam resigned citing unrest and political crisis. afterward the government declared a six month state of emergency the new young prime minister has the support of many but it's contingent upon him delivering reform is what i'd be like oh do we have prime minister orders going to be put before the ruling party or something like that because a lot of the making it is but i think right now i can feel is joining is to use the state all fly to magnus in the country and to restore action it's question out of you know i mean. in the country that is very very important for at least one day much of the divided country was united on one thing the hope that it's tenure will
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bring change and peace to ethiopia natasha good name. it watching the al-jazeera news hour coming up on the program. for a normal life. a long journey. and then sports will show you the amazing play that these women. championship tight. hello there we've got yet more wet weather that's pushing its way across europe we haven't even got rid of the first system yet you can see it swirling away over the
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eastern parts of europe it is still giving us some strong winds some heavy rain and a lot of snow as well and there's only a small break before the next system is pushing in this is already giving us rain over the britain and ireland down through france and into spain and portugal as we head through chews day that will be pushing up into scandinavia still more rain and snow there and that cloud also dangles for the south through parts of italy and into the mediterranean as well in this whole region again still staying on settled as we head through wednesday so so rather messy temperatures not too bad though thirteen degrees as a top temperature day in paris now across the other side of the mediterranean we're also seeing some of that unsettled weather you can see the thick cloud that we're expecting of a parts about syria and cina sea of their own choose day that will be thick enough to give us the odd shower gradually that clears away though and wednesday does look brighter looks like we'll get to twenty degrees in the sunshine in algiers a bit further towards the south we have plenty of showers here as you'd expect some lively ones over the coast of west africa but also some further east as well all
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the way across into ethiopia some of the ones across uganda look heavy. a story fourteen hundred years in the make. the story of succession. tells the story of foundation and the emergence of an empire. the caliph episode one. when the news breaks. on the mailman city and the story builds to be forced to leave the room to be when people need to be heard women and girls are being bought and given away in refugee camps al-jazeera has teams on the ground to bring you the winning
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documentaries and live on al-jazeera i got to commend you on hearing is good journalism on air and on. welcome back is a reminder of the top stories on al-jazeera tributes are being paid to winning by the his element there who was who has died at the age of eighty one south africa's president has called the anti apartheid activist a voice of the fight against white minority rule israel's prime minister has suspended a deal with the un's refugee agency to resettle more than sixty thousand african
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migrants in europe and north america and china has imposed tariffs of up to twenty five percent on more than one hundred twenty american products in a growing trade war between the world's two. egypt's president. has been reelected for a second term in office after winning ninety seven percent of the vote it's the exact percentage that brought the former military commander into power four years ago says he was virtually guaranteed victory with opposition candidates in the supporting him a withdrawing running reports. it wasn't as much of an election as it was a referendum on the presidency of abdul fatah his sisi. i promised to work for all egyptians without any discrimination whoever renewed their trust in me and gave me their vote isn't different from those who did not egypt is for all egyptians as long as the differences do not corrupt the nation. essentially unopposed sisi had
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been hoping for a high voter turnout the only way to know if it gyptian approve of his leadership the election commission announced forty one percent of the sixty million eligible voters cast their ballots that's lower than the turnout during the two thousand and fourteen election that gave sisi his first term. one twenty one million thirty five thousand three hundred eighty seven votes which represents ninety seven percent of the votes the monument may have been me i'm the . egyptians voted over a three day period but many polling stations tended to look like this just a trickle of people streaming in state media try to increase voter turnout by telling people if they don't head to the polls they can be punished with a fine. eight summit gyptian say they received food
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payments and other incentives to vote it wasn't a competition there were no public debates and sisi was virtually guaranteed reelection because his only opponent. supported him was even part of the campaign to get sisi reelected other well known and popular contenders withdrew their names saying they faced intimidation they were either detained disqualified or forced to abandon their campaigns they said the vote was a charade and called for a boycott and judging by the number of people who went out to vote many may have heeded that call renee or their elders era. well earlier i spoke to a senior political analyst bashara he says corruption is still rampant under cc's leadership and the military still reigns supreme over the last four years a president has been long gone and promises short in the livery heavy on depression made good on freedoms began corruptions and giving the military more privileges in
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the economy and more shock therapy for the rest of the people especially the poor in the middle classes that basically suffer the last forty years. the question is whether we're going to see more of that in the next forty years the question is whether sisi now that he has his full hold on power whether he is going to change the constitution in order to guarantee for himself more than two terms in office as the current constitution stipulates you know if you are if you are only said i want to increase the commonalities on our bring it gyptian together that would have been fine but the had to add except when it corrupts the nation what does that even mean except to give him more leverage in order to actually say who is and who is not a theoretical gyptian who is and who is not a good egyptian and to give them more leeway to put more egyptians in prison if they oppose them let's all remember the thousands of people died already in egypt
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and there are some sixty thousand political prisoners in cc's jails if he expanded anything it wasn't the economy it was in the space of freedom he expanded the prison and the prison system within the country so really all in all while it's nice to listen to you know sober. nice. wonderful language about bringing the egyptians together but the election by themselves epitomizes a country that is on the siege by a military government saudi led coalition air strikes have killed at least fourteen civilians in western yemen ten others were injured in the raids which hit a camp for internally displaced people in the city of what data medical sources say six children and three women are among the dead. and that's going to air strike in . that least thirty four people there are conflicting reports about where the
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strike hit afghan authorities say the they attacked taliban fighters who were preparing an operation local residents those say the strike hit a religious school and that a number of civilians were killed several children have been treated for injuries forty eight girls from a high school in afghanistan are thought to have been poisoned the girls are in a stable condition in a hospital in lashkar gah a doctor says they complained of headaches and vomiting most of helmand province is under the control of the taliban which is opposed to education for girls. dozens of or henge of muslims have embarked on a long sea journey towards malaysia raising fears of another refugee exodus from the neighboring countries the sixty men women and children have stopped off in thailand hundreds of kilometers by sea from iraq and state after fleeing ethnic violence when hey reports. it seems desperation is forcing some
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revenge of back onto the ocean for a long dangerous journey to relative safety for the first time and at least a year a boat carrying ranger refugees entered thai waters those on board were looking for supplies and shelter from bad weather which were provided by people on the island of lent off thailand's west coast route one that they fled their homeland and had no food to eat they were soaked by the rain all night i knew they might be starving sorry rush to cook food for them the thai government and navy have a policy of pushing refugee boats back out to sea in two thousand and fifteen there was an exodus of ranges from rakhine state in western me and with an estimated twenty five thousand people fleeing violence in squalid camps they were forced into in the past many became victims of human trafficking networks prompting a crackdown by the thai government on this occasion the refugee said they wanted to go further south to malaysia and during their brief stop in thailand received help
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and sympathy from the community but all. at first they were afraid to eat our food they are scared of the police and military they worried about getting arrested and sent back to their country governments in the region will be worried that this may be the start of another influx of refugees given the dire situation the ranger face in myanmar and bangladesh if it is illing crease the pressure on the me and my government of aung sun suu kyi to find a sustainable solution on sunday she addressed the nation to mark two years in office and spoke of the challenges facing her country. not only recline which the world is focusing on right now but also in the whole country and we also need to peacefully develop the country physically and mentally let's try hard with the strength of unity. regarded as legal citizens in myanmar meaning they feel none of that unity when hey al jazeera bangkok. more than one thousand central
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american migrants to form the caravan. in mexico or the u.s. human rights activists arrange the journey every easter but it's enraged u.s. president donald trump was insisting mexico stop it before it reaches the border johore reports. become any which way they can put in buses and trucks central american migrants crossing into mexico looking for sanctuary here or in the united states they usually go in small groups but every easter activists organized this caravan to bring awareness to the plight of those fleeing poverty or criminal gangs in their homelands particularly el salvador and honduras. it started with threats and i'm a woman and well men can do more than me we couldn't figure out any solutions except to come here and that said look a little bit about the caravan organizers hope that the sheer numbers will keep them safe from the cartels which often kill and extort migrants and member of
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thirty's let them stay or pass through so far they've been granted free passage that's impurity to the u.s. president donald trump who tweeted mexico is doing very little if not nothing stopping people from flowing into mexico through their southern border and then into the u.s. that on the whole is not true over the last four years mexico has drastically tightened up its southern border with the help of funding from the u.s. usually migrants according to weber patrols and checkpoints there have been many accusations of humor. it's abuses the tolerance for caravans like this one is the exception not the rule something makes compare a minister louis speech highlighted on trump's preferred ground he tweeted every day mexico the u.s. worked together a migration throughout the region the facts clearly reflect this the government here would hope that its efforts to stop migrants heading through mexico to the
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u.s. would help the relationship with the northern neighbor but president trump doesn't appear to see it that way after learning about the caravan even threatened to call off a trade deal between the countries it's impossible to know how many of the tweeted threats will turn into policy but it's another headache for the mexican government and an unhappy signal for those who say going home is not an option john home of. mexico city monday is world autism awareness day intended to increase knowledge of a condition which is frequently misunderstood the brain disorder affects an estimated sixty seven million people around the world it has an impact on how people interact with others and how they experience the world now they may have trouble reading nonverbal cues facial expressions or jokes or become overwhelmed in social situations people with autism are often misunderstood autistic children may be misinterpreted as norty while it is the adults report discrimination and even
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human rights violations it's a spectrum condition meaning it affects different people in different ways and it can't be cured but advocates say that with education and proper support autistic people can live fulfilling lives well in many african countries autism is rarely diagnosed with only fifty child psychiatrists in a continent of a billion people autistic children and their carers suffer in silence they call a sack reports now from the senegalese capital. cares for her three autistic boys mostly alone sixteen year old do has the strength of a grown man but thinks like a four year old when frustrated he bites gropes and hits his mother these tran trims have landed in giant hospital her two other sons may not know how to speak or write properly but she says they have special talents fourteen year old chick has a knack for drawing complex designs twelve year old mom i do loves music but he's
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still not potty trained i truly. enjoy he says they are gifted in their own right it's just that her family friends and neighbors aren't capable of seeing it. any more than art has them it's the way that others look and treat us that is traumatizing i have cried a lot they need attention and i am overwhelmed of course there's been times where i've thought of walking out the door and never coming back but i can't i love them they are my children the developmental disorder affects the way a child communicates and sees the world it requires specialized care most africans don't have to look at these numbers there are only fifty child psychiatrists less than twelve specialized centers and just fifty three scientific research articles ever written on autism for a continent of a billion people autism is a hidden disability often misdiagnosed and brushed aside as mental deficiency in
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senegal this ward is helping medical staff and carers deal with the disorder parents that brought their children here don't want to be filmed they're embarrassed of their children's condition autism here in senegal and throughout west africa is still considered by many as a curse here most still see these children as being possessed needing not a doctor but a traditional healer to treat them these parents bring their daughter to pub and bang a healer who says he can cure mental illnesses in children. they say she no longer follows their gaze and just stares blankly. it is the devil he says it has come in your womb you must have sent with prayers potions and talismans she will be cured he says. mothers are responsible for their children's autism they have to hide their private parts and stop having sinful thoughts i may need to take more charge . so little is known about autism it continues to fuel fears not just in africa but
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in the west too where some believe exposure to chemicals or vaccination provokes the disability. for a giant living with autism is a daily struggle rewarded only by these rare occasions when her sons show for a brief moment their love for her. nicholas hawke al-jazeera the car. on the program we are in libya where more and more people are digging for their own source of water. and then sports. business updates.
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business updates.
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libya is said to have one of the largest irrigation projects in the world with three thousand kilometers of underground water pipes but many cities are still running dry so residents are finding alternative ways to quench their thirst. for the latest part of our series thirst. this is how many libyan serves food water. brahim ball how to dip says he used to buy water from tankers before he hired to this will drilling machine. now he can easily access water right under the basement of his new house.
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the man made the river water cut frankly for months so we had to hire this driver machine to get the ground water it is costly workers say the drilling process is not easy in the water from underground is in most cases mixed with harmful chemicals. and will experts lee managed to dig more than eighty meters to reach water for his farm but water quality differs from one area to another. about he was even less but we usually get more water from artesian wells here in misrata but besides it being costly the water needs treatment stations because it's mostly salty and contaminated with sulfur. experts say the more pressure increases in the pump that sucks water out of the will the salt your water becomes libya is in desperate need of alternative water sources dispelling
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nation plants would be a good start here in the city of misrata people can dig wills but in mountainous areas it's not easy to get a water supply in wissen hill towns people have no choice they dig not to search for water but to build water reserve was. here water tankers are common. experts say libya as he would network of water pipelines called the great manmade river is under threat inaugurated in one thousand nine hundred one nine billion dollars worth of pipelines are the carrying because of lack of maintenance despite that many parts of libya rely on the pipeline supply but in areas such as where it brought him and slay men live the great river has become a trick kill so they're searching for underground water resources will most likely
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continue. misrata. get all the latest sports news now and go to siler in doha thank you very much barbara wondered south african cricket side looks set to record their first home series when over australia in the early fifty years. playing with a broken finger kept in fast two places that made his way through two hundred twenty south africa the clearing at three hundred forty four forty six setting the new look australia side a world record chase of six hundred twelve warning wallkill who is playing in his final test match managed to remove both openness despite suffering from a size strain well south africans needing seven more were kids so for the final day to secure the history series win the asian champions league is
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a football tournaments as found itself on the political front line earlier said hosted you easily in a group a game ball was a large the second team from a blockade in country to play in qatar since the gulf crisis began in june of one scoring in each hall for the hosts as they won two one to advance to the not past eight i'll said there are at the top of group c. with twelve points from five. archers this champions league quarter final between every on the dotted and your ventus is a repeat of last year's final the spanish club claimed the trophy in cardiff with a four one win event to say they are not focused on or event to our real managers and it is a dance a last year's result is in the past ones looking almost to determine what we are going to try to do is play a good game a good football game because that is what we know how to do and it is being repeated we are reading it has nothing to do with what happened ten months ago what
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happened is in the past when we need to think about this qualifying round and try to play a great game tomorrow. by munich place even choose this other quarter final game underdog severe who are playing in the last eight for the first time a sixty give never met by but haven't lost at home in eleven matches against german opponents. him but their team and you always pick she was self qualifying for the next round we know how hard it will be in that we are favorites but we won't make it easy for them we will play with our style and try to take advantage of our strengths if that's enough to defeat the spying team then will be in the next round . west brom's is the latest premier league manager to lose his job the fifty six year old agreed to mutually part company after just over four months with the club west brom won just one out of eighteen league games on to his leadership and have lost their last eight e.p.l.
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matches in a row to be lost on the table he's attempts manager to leave or be sacked this season the biggest prize in us college basketball the n.c. the a championship is on the line later on monday michigan will battle it out with villanova whose coach admits to being completely shocked that his team has made it this fall villanova has sealed their spot in what will be their second championship final and three seasons villanova hot favorites for the game which is expected to be watched by millions of people are going to think about playing on monday night road and i was just looking at one day at a time let's keep it better look at how young the more he was looking how young dante dimensions it was playing three freshman you know how are we going to get them better so i really didn't think about being at the spot. spoke to sports legal analyst exam or pope he believes villanova will come out on top. they have the
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experience they are the players but michigan stuff they were able to beat down the loyal team and it comes to this game they're big size they play their athletic they're really fast so before it's a really exciting game coming on tonight well not as a put and epic comeback to win the women's and see double a championship title. a three point zero with just a tenth of a second left on the clock to left not today to the sixty one to fifty eight victory over mississippi state is the five second championship title. in poulter has secured the final spot of golf's u.s. mark says he did it by winning the houston open in the dramatic playoff against the boss there this was a porter's a final chance to earn himself a place at the first major of the get across that which starts on thursday and the forty two year old last won the title back in twenty twelve. you know all of the
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first women's golf major of the year needed an extra day in a playoff holes to find a winner for him it wasn't confident her thirty foot birdie putt would be good enough for the win but seven time major champion. missed her twenty four but it is the swedes first l.t.g. a tool victory i mean it's just her standards today i just felt this is this is mine i'm going to do this i just knew i could and i just kept finding her way and completing that last part when you know the first thing i said when i hold that last part i know even going to hold her. already thinking about the seventeenth home again she didn't that's mine. vinyls family and surf and make finding it is through to the fourth round of the farewell event that will sell for the tournament as bell's beta is the three time world champions final outing off to sixteen years on the pro to a fundie who famously punched the white chalk that has been mobbed by fans at the
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beach where he won his first professional title as a teenager. and that's it for me back to barbara amazing pictures some of us thank you and that is it for this news hour do stay with us though i'm going to be back in just a few minutes with more of that these things thank you so much for watching the suit by.
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going. the street is quiet the signal is given. out so it's safe to walk to school last year there are more than thirty metres in this community in one month the police say this area is a red zone one of several in some townships in cape town children sometimes caught in the crossfire when rival gangs fight so parents and grandparents have started what they call a walking us to try particularly gang violence i lost my. daughter years ago i also lost my there are more than one hundred fifty volunteers working for several walking busses teachers say it is working class attendance has improved the
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volunteers also act as security guards tracing the fall from prosperity to financial ruin this is. nothing worst first growth in the devastating impact. and the failure to prevent disaster banks and political leaders the people who. are gora from democracy to the markets on al-jazeera. a key activist in the fight against apartheid who later became a polarizing figure in south africa when. their lead dies at the age of eighty one .


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