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tv   Weathering The Extremes  Al Jazeera  May 1, 2018 1:32am-2:01am +03

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never having a nuclear weapons program one hundred thousand secret files prove that the second even after the deal iran continue to preserve and expand its nuclear weapons nor for future use why would a terrorist regime hide and meticulously catalog its secret nuclear falls if not to use them later. i still says it was behind a double suicide bombing in the afghan capital kabul which killed at least twenty five people nine of the dead a journalist and an al-jazeera cameraman is among forty five others who were injured a b.b.c. afghan service reporter was also killed in a separate assault in the eastern province of haast hours after the kabul attacks at least eleven civilians including children were killed when a suicide bomber detonated his colony a religious school in kandahar the attacker was apparently targeting and they took convoy. and u.s.
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president donald trump has once again reaffirmed his belief in a border war with mexico one of the key policies of his election campaign it comes as a group of hundreds of refugees and migrants from central america a stock just across the southwestern border a so-called migrant caravan has been making its way north across mexico for more than a month the u.s. president has ordered border security to stop them from entering america but says more than it measures are still needed well those are the headlines much more news coming out from doha in twenty five minutes time that's it for myself and the team here in london earthrise is next. on counting the cost why iran's nuclear theo and all the powerful factors are at play in a new game of the oil it could mean steeper prices at the pump. and into korean summit what would a saw in relations mean for their economies. counting the cost. the
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conditions for existence on us a sustained by complex web of climatic processes. i mean the rains predictable seasons and consistent temperatures all allow life to flourish. but over reliance on fossil fuels is causing the delicate balance of our planet to shift. instances of extreme weather you speak of rather but now deadly heat waves wildfires powerful floods hurricanes and droughts are becoming the norm
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and. the question is no longer will they happen but when and how we can cope with them. i'm tony in kenya to explore a high tech solution that is helping her to survive on going to. a number of to create in myanmar where drones are helping to protect coastal communities against extreme weather events. two years pena has been in the grip of a devastating drought amongst those worst affected are kenyans over five million pastoring for whom finding fresh water and lush postulants is critical for the survival of their herds but something has been developed could something like this hold the key to getting heard is around the country through these difficult times.
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today and app called every scout is being launched in the town of. they'll be heard from all over the region who've come to learn more about the app and take that information back to their villages i'm interested to see what they make of the new technology. every scout is the brainchild of project concern international p.c.i. and committed to helping. nearly four thousand people around africa use it so far and today it's been officially rolled out in kenya. i mean. i think what. p.c.i. hopes to revolutionize how hurt is find water by using something eighty seven percent of kenyans already have in their pockets. a smartphone well. the app access to satellite maps which detailed the water conditions throughout kenya every ten days or.
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you could all see the five or so c.d.'s i was now trying to write using its head is can see instantly way to target migration and avoid using dry areas which need time to complete i. to find out more about how the app can help it is i'm off to southern kenya with some aside i have lost both huff their cattle. joshua and dusty ruin it has been using a few scout three months. joshua yes thank you so much allowing us to come to your home and join you today these are your animals yeah these are my animals is my father says it to me. is my brother.
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is my it's a pleasure to meet you all so we're going to get started are we going to walk now or. process house and. we will. be. a bit wild when you go. for the. five hundred dollars that market even move. something simple but it's really not. a good rhythm. to make it.
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so when you have a drought like kenya is having now how does that affect your cattle. where they might get to. fifteen. i mean i know today we're going to take a trip i'm hoping. that makes it. that
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will be making. us. wow. to go. yes go. are accustomed to booking as far as it takes to find good pasta. when the conditions. this is what. when i was
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moving. we tried to help. you. and some credit. so you had gone to try and look for water and passed just for the cows but the cow just couldn't make the journey and the cow just collapsed here yeah it was a big call to. be. in the morning six. in the event so it was a real lust for you. and just it brings back home just the thought that it's such a difficult way of life because you have to keep on the move to find the water and to find the grazing lands but in order to move these animals use so much energy to go from one place to another so if you don't know where you're going and you're just trying your luck wherever you can it's incredibly hard for these animals.
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with almost thirty percent of his livestock already lost to drought it's even more pressing for joshua to keep his surviving cattle in good condition which means finding ample water during the training flow we have won't be the. point somewhere here we needed. according to the app it's thirty kilometers from where they start. is a really popular place to come into someone else's. can we find a place under the tree maybe have a bit of a rest. so can we see this watering hole on the map this is immoral we can form this. summer here you can see it from somewhere here. knowing the location of attempting to source like this could mean
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life or death for a herd. well you got a weather was. nice it was a woman the app can make all this much simpler and that's what you've. got to you do not just don't allow you teach him how to yeah ok because at the moment when you need to look for water for your cattle for pastures what do you do you just go blind and so you think you might use it. and does it sound interesting does it something something you would use and you could. it's been ten hours and we're into what should be good posture that. this is where you are in the morning. and we have on the way from what i want to carry we maybe. maybe have an honorary myside
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maybe. numbers you can see the difference. yeah yeah it's so much better. so the cows will be able to stay here they'll have enough food to eat they would stay here oh almost one month and then left the day i was. going to come up i mean . i've had a wonderful day thank you so much i'm tired and i've had a wonderful story and i must thank you now we can move to the homestead because the sons. of a couple. yeah. yeah i could use one. for her for the herders with access to satellite maps livestock mortality has really hard. since joshua has relied on i feel scout he hasn't lost any cause to drought. to him he has been real. excess.
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yeah now that i love that man oh yeah that was then i'm having the. extreme weather reference and now a regular occurrence around the world. scientists have found that human caused climate change is at the root of over two thirds of them the result is often human suffering. and twenty seventeen hundreds were left dad and many thousands homeless by a unusual weather conditions. the hurricane season in the caribbean caused unprecedented levels of destruction. devastating floods swept across southeast asia tornadoes hit the south of the us and california was roasted by a heat wave. since two thousand and nine one person every second has been displaced
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by disaster. it's predicted that by twenty fifteen they'll be two hundred million environmental migrants. what the country observed is stuck people migrate temporarily and there was a short distance internally between their countries if there's a drought or an environmental stress you move you temporarily move to thunderstruck expectation of new incentives and the reality that people come back or they might see in the future is permanent migration and longer distance cooperation you might see how communities having to relocate because their life records are no longer have sustainable it might be an entire nation states that have to move.
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mangroves are among the most fired up. first habitats on the planet may play a vital role in the lives of coastal communities but these forests are facing deforestation thirty five percent of the world's mangroves of already been lost and here in the irrawaddy delta only sixteen percent of bridgend cover is left and in myanmar where local innovative project is combining grassroots conservation state they are drawn technology to take mangrove regeneration to new heights. jamar is vulnerable to cyclons which strike every few years in two thousand and eight the worst ever cycle nargis claimed more than one hundred thirty thousand lives. experts now believe that mangroves hold the key to saving thousands of lives when the next big storm hits.
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find out how i've come to be a local coconut farmer who agreed to show me his mangrove forest. these are proper trees. the tallest man groups here reached twenty five meters and a sturdy forty centimeters in diameter the force was planted after a cycle in one nine hundred seventy five. these trees here did you plant them we had to deal with. you can imagine these incredibly. violent storms that blew in here and you start to understand how these mature forth actually have the capacity to break that wind and stop some of that storm surge making its way into these settlements and farms and
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maybe some of the other farms where there's no mangroves do you know of any farms that suffer because of the storms. because you don't you are you dead. dead line and look at it yeah oh my. god you know i got michigan yeah maybe here yeah i mean you got to go. i mean i get up there so it's a protection yeah. so if mangroves is so effective at protecting against storms why if one million hecht is being cut down since one thousand nine hundred eighty eight leaving the population here unprotected. i'm meeting with a known and ecologists with thirty years' experience in forestry to find a. willing o.r.u. thanks for me. and they're going to do it thanks so much.
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when heads the world few international foundations man groups regeneration project here and i'm not. going. to get. the feet that come. with it if it is. that good. oh. wow. at the moment this segment grocery all over this mental condition is seriously degraded right in the cost eighty are sixty percent of the villages they don't have
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a million jobs they're trying to find out their money from there. and they're going to come in three within that one hour while they can get money for their livelihood you know i understand so you're talking about really a negative feedback psycho yeah it's this confluence of the environmental stresses and the economic stresses that has driving people into the mangrove yeah yeah i understand. shrimp and rice farming as well as charcoal production and strip myanmar of mangroves leaving it critically exposed. if action isn't taken soon the communities who live here in danger of being decimated by the next big storm. there are still trees here yeah yeah there is this intrigue ok this is a war going to be ok from there to evolve in fifteen. when
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one hundred locals and systematically planted four hundred thousand seedlings by hand here in the last three years. that all the way through doesn't it yeah. yeah. but the job is far from complete ok so we've come right into the thick of it here at work that we can hear in the background that's a lot of chopping and preparing of the ground before three hundred thousand seedlings or more are going to go into this model so it sounds like there's a lot of hard work going on so we should maybe go on try and lend a hand. so can you tell me and you move you from this area you know i know there are all of them are literally. well i don't even know why it all loaded i'm on all the you know females will. all get. there indeed it is
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a. little you feel some way you're. giving something back when you know i lose i get out on. you know on the glory of cold while you're here do you like the look people are going to nominate me we've. got all my d.v.d. of you know he made me mad he got a mom who they know they'll be able. to. mom of the dollar. you know. yeah i understand you show me. i am a complete no of it just. can't. get it get the hang of it i feel it's all about the angles to get. just like that. the team of thirty five thousand hectares of coastline to plant. the
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racing to do it before the next big cycle. this is an incredibly complex ecosystem that was looking at you as an ecologist it must be incredibly challenging. to move towards restoration to win this turn to the latest technology. business. we're trying to. make their money find room and they are they working today they. don't want him to be here. today the oxford based team of scientists will be testing with their double propeller of course through coke to groom for seven thousand seeds in an hour is so cutting edge to stand back. and reena for the rink who heads up the project.
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so as this haven't been done before anything like this you know of no two thousand knowledge we are definitely the first one and it's going to be our largest experiment is it just we can have a look at one of the poets just to kind of get a sense of what you were actually dealing with here so what is what is inside this they're made from by the great evil plastic and all natural material and society also while you have local science and you have local minerals and natural materials it looks like we're nearly there i just saw a green light. ok well good. the test will be successful if one show into the ground. imbedded in the soil deep enough for growth to occur it works the team returned in
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a few months time to time twenty fold believe. that is. i have never seen it from a guy before yet. the drone has a preprogramed flight path to see to penetrate the soil the chance of each of these pods becoming a tree is greater than if planted by nature or hand because the depths will be to move the system to it goes. down and the team are happy the seeds are in the ground and it's time for nature to take its course i was just thinking inside this thing i mean it's there's so much more than just seeds it's insta future it's a but then szell to save a life because it's to live in a shield they protect people from the ocean they protect people from tsunami from here against and we have to do it now and we have to do it at the massive scale
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because from today to maybe six not months from now maybe one year from now is maximum we will have a growing shield already so if the cycle hits next year people here will be protected and when you when you put it like that you know all of a sudden something so small can seem very significant indeed so i'm actually going to put that back in the ground where we found. the scientist test is finished. but for women his team is just the beginning. they wanted to the seeds progress carefully. and fall goes to plan many more trees will be planted by drone here in the near future helping to safeguard the coast from extreme weather.
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all over the world people are having to adapt to unpredictable climate and weather patterns. in canada west sea ice has become dangerously thin a scheme is providing real time measurements of ice thickness to local communities . this data reveals which routes the safe to travel and which are nose. meanwhile in los angeles where extreme drought has become the norm. ninety six million shade balloons have been put into the l.a. reservoir to help reduce evaporation rate it's. these projects show the level of innovation that communities are using to protect themselves against increasingly volatile weather. but the question remains are these long term solutions or are they just masking the real problem.
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maybe on al-jazeera. marking world press freedom day al-jazeera shines a light on this important issue and examines the state of freedom of the price around the world people in power ross the top u.s. general in afghanistan about his plans for defeating by the taliban and an isis insurgency. struggling with security issues and economic uncertainty iraq is finally set to hold elections as an unseen global battle rages for results is beneath our oceans we ask of the seabed is a territory still to be claimed commemorating seventy years from now but al-jazeera examines what has changed in the past seven decades on both sides of this conflict made on al-jazeera. if you are in beijing looking out the pacific ocean. you'd see american warships. somehow time is aiming to replace america and
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going to run the world while the chinese are not that stupid these guys want to dominate a huge chunk of the planet this sounds like a perp aeration for our first president george washington said if you want peace prepare for war the coming war on china too on a jersey of the. citizens unable to vote on represented in washington the members of congress do nothing about us like part of a constituency in their responsibility and that is what's underneath this crisis phone lines visit to the island devastated by hurricane maria and demanding the support of the u.s. government more than we can tell you what it is and then the government has a responsibility and you know not let them forget that. shelter after the storm on
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